Newspaper Page Text
THE COLORADO STATESMAN
Oil- SHALL ii£ / r;t££^ VOL. XXIII. RACE NEWS GATHERED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES The Evening Journal of Marclf 3, Richmond, Va. says:—Fines of SIOO each were imposed by Police Justice Crutchfield today on five alleged violators of the segrega tion ordinance. Appeals were noted. Those fined were L. El ierson, 120 West Federal street; S. Green, 1201 St. Paul street; John Flack, 826 St. James street: J. Funnai, 825 St. James street; M. Maxlevin, 1038 St. Peter St. Although warned to move be cause they were residing in blocks in which there are more colored residents' than white, they said that they were living at their places of business and that it was not practicable to move at this time. Similar cases against J. Bass and L. Kukoff went over till March 30. All were reported by Patrolman J. H. Thomas. New Rochelle, N. Y.—Ernest Brown the colored boy who won the Columbia University speak ing contest for Westchester County at Winyah School recent ly, has won the State contest, under the same auspices, in Earl Hall, Columbia University. Be cause of his victory the New Ro chelle high school for the second time leads the State in public speaking of school boys. The first prize is SSO cash or a schol ship in Columbia College. Brown has not decided which he will take. A large number of colored people from New Rochelle and several high .school students were present and demonstrated their pleasure when the winner was announced. The young man’s subject was “The European Bur den, ” the same that he had in the county contest. The second prize of $35 was won by Thomas F. Carr, Buffalo, who on “Resolved. That the Philippines Should be Given Their Indepen dence Within Four Years. ’ ’ The third prize, sls, went to Edward F. Steele, Kingston, who spoke on “Back the Administration.” Des Moines, lowa, March 3. The leading daily newspaper of this place, in a well-considered editorial expression with refer ence to the scant attention the colored folks receives in times of peace and the solicitude vouch safed in them in time of war, says; “A demand is now before Congress for a great national school for colored men, made strange as it may appear, by'a Congressman from Tennessee. It is to be a school for military training. The Southern leaders who during fifty years of peace have permitted that race to se cure his own training for civil life, have suddenly become thor oughly aroused to the need of government instruction in the art of war. Of course, if we are to prepare soldiers much may be said for the proposed school. The colored man has stood up be sides the best soldiers in the world, and he is more willing to flight for the flag than many to whom the flag has meant more in privilege. But it is not worth thinking about that we should be so suddenly solicitous for his training in times of war and so little solicitous for his training in times of peace? Suppose the Congressman from Tennessee had proposed a great national training school for him fifty years ago to fit him better for the commorr duties of American life? COLORED MEN TO BE USED ON NEW WORK Colored men from the south are going to play an important part in Union Pacific railroad construction through Wyoming the coming summer. In the past only white labor has been em ployed on track and construction work. Recently it has been im possible to secure white men to do the work. Americans don’t want to do this kind of work and there are not. enough Japanese and Chinese available. Greeks and Italians who have been de pended upon during the last two or three years have returned to Europe and joined the armies of the allies and it has been found necessary to import the Colored men. The Wyoming work on the Un ion Pacific this season will con sist of widening the Sherman hill tunnel a distance of 1,700 yards in order to make room for the second track on the main line. It addition to this there will be the driving of the tunnel through a low mountain range west of Laramie. The new work along the Union Pacific is to be done by the Utah Construction company, recently given the contract, and work will start with the coming of spring. Already the construction com pany has recured the services of 3,000 Georgia and Alabama Col ored men, and they will begin to arrive within the next sixty days. Later in the season it is expected that as many more will be brought in from the south. The men will live in camps along the line. -r >J£ jou y >j g vvas -r. DENVERT COLORADO. SATURDAY, MARCH 24 1917 Patriotism and the Colored American HERE ARE EVENTS in the history of every nation that arouse deep and overwpqhning waves of patriot ism to sweep the length and breadth of the land T wherein that nation dwells. Love of country seems to be implanted in the breast of every human being, be he sav age or civilized. The country may not be fair to look upon, there may be just enough fertility to eke out an existence, justice within its borders may be but a mockery, the poor citizen may be but a burden-bearer. Ilis dwelling place may be a hut or an humble cot, but deep down in his heart of hearts dwells the love of home, sweet home. Treasured in his memory are fond recollections'of loved ones who struggled beneath the burden, yet nurtured and provided for him in childhood’s happy days. Hanging alongside of this picture on memory’s wall are the scenes of joys and hopes of early manhood. Joys partaken of with the keen zest of youth, hopes oft-times shattered, but the sweet perfume iof anticipation still lingers to assauge the pain of failure. Wc have all lived again in the dim-lighted corridors of the past, calling up one by one its memories. Some there be that are sweet indeed, some indeed are bitter, but in the balancing of the scale our hearts beat faster and after all there are few lives wherein the bad outweighs the - good and we long for a return to the golden days of long ago. So involuntarily but firmly as the enduring hills is built up in our hearts the love of country. When our na tive laud is threatened, our homes menaced, our rights de nied by outside powers, we are aroused by a deep feeling of resentment and we demand an opportunity to defend our country, our homes and our rights. The colored American is" very much human and the same sentiment that sways the white American sways him. Much has been said about the stand the colored American will take in a new struggle that might arise out of the pres ent crisis facing the United States. In the past wars of this land, none excluded, he has shouldered a gun, bared his breast and been found in the forefront fighting for his country and his flag. In no war since his forefathers were landed ou these shores has he been found wanting, and tf the summons comes again he will once more be found midst shot and shell dying by the side of his white brother for the land he loves so well. We know he has not had justice, we know lie has been the burden-beurofj we know his has been the hut and huuiw ble cot, but still it is his native land. Deep down in his heart the lamp of hope still burns brightly, bidding hinmto do his best, still believing that in the final summing up when the nation shall award, the laural wreaths, justice shall strike the scales of prejudice from its eyes and he shall come into his own. He knows no other land, the flag that waves above his head he justly claims his oyvn. Ilis forefathers and his brothers by their blood shed upon fields of battle, kept the old flag from trailing in tl\,e dust and established the right to claim it for themselves and their posterity. » Sleeping beneath old ocean's waves, the sturdy oaks of New England, the weeping-willows of tjie Southland, and the cacti of the deserts of Mexico are silent, yet eloquent witnesses of his valor of other days, and they bid him still be true.. This is his country, for his forefathers watered the soil of the Southland with the sweat of their brows, and though oft it was mingled with tears and blood, in the 244 years of their unrequited toil, yet he loved the land, for it was the only home he knew. lie built the foundation upon which has been erected this great commercial nation and though he has been wronged, he still loves the land that gave him birth and no other to him is so fair to look upoq. He will defend it in spite of Ids severe criticism of its injustice and unmerciful treatment. It is true the younger ~ element is not as responsive as were his forefathers, but the colored man has never been a traitor and in the test will be found true as steel, as in the days of yore. —Philadelphia Tribune. MILITARY TRAINING CAMP. FOR COLORED OFFICERS. Dr. J. E. Spingarn Explains His Rea sons in a Nutshell. 1. No one could make a greater mistake than to think that the army wants colored men to Join this camp. The army officials want the camp to fail. They refuse to set a time or place until two hundred men apply because they know that this makes it harder to recruit men for the camp. They merely want to be able to say that they have given the colored peo ple a fair chance and the colored peo ple refused to take advantage of the opportunity. The last thing the army wants Is to help colored men to be come commisioned officers. 2. This project is intended to FIGHT segregation in the army and not to help it. If there were enough men fit to be officers it would not be neces sary; we could fight for a wide-open army with that material. But there are not enough men. The New York Negro regiment could not find enough men to fill the commission. When war comes we do not wish to be in the same position. We want to be able to say: Here are colored men fit to be officers, and you have got to commis sion them. 3. Those who think that a large number of officers could be obtained from the regular colored regiments simply show their ignorance of the army and of the enormous amount or “paper work” an officer has to do. A good soldier is a man who has military training; a good officer is a man who has military training, ability to lead, and a GOOD EDUCATION. Few men who have not had at least a high school education can ever hope to pass tho written examination that is nec essary to become an officer. 4. Some of my friends say that a few scattered colored men in a white camp would be neglected and passed over, while colored men in a camp by themselves would all get a fair chance. I do not go quite as far as that. I regard the camp as a temporary ex pedient forced on us by circumstance, lasting cniy four weeks, but possibly able to alter the fate of the colored race m a great war. It is a sudden opportunity in a great crisis. Colored men. must get officers’ training as soon as possible, and there is no other way with the whole army against them. 5. The South does not want colored men to get any kind of military train ing; nothing frightens it more than the thought of black millions discip lined, organized and dangerously ef fective. That is why Vardanian is so bitterly opposed to universal military training. That is why the General Staff of the Army has decided to ex clude colored men from th» training, and has reduced its original estimate of 900,000 to 500,000 men. That is why the colored man who refuses to take advantage of this hard-won op portunity to get officers’ training is biting off his nose to spite his face. 6. If there is a real war, there tfill be conscription of all able-bodied men. All pretty talk about volunteering or not volunteering will have to cease; all men will have to go. The choice will no longer be between volunteer ing and not volunteering, but be tween CONSCRIPTION and REBEL LION. If conscription comes, will the lead ers of the Colored Race help their Southern enemies by preaching trea \’/ / cou/rni'/ NO 31. son and rebellion? Or will they face facts now' and prepare themselves to go as leaders and officers instead of followers and privates? Seventy-two men have already ap plied. J. E. SPINGARN. March 9, 1917. INVENTS NEW DEVICE FOR PLAYER PIANOS (Chicago Defender.) Chas. V. Richey, 129 Ashland street, Brooklyn, N. Y., is in the city demon strating his new' inventions to buyers of electric player pianos at the Mar quette Piano Company, Sixteenth and Canal streets. Mr. Richey has a de vice whereby from any part of a store, cafe or amusement place one can drop a nickel ih a box and play any one of the number of pieces in the piano he chooses. Heretofore one had to be satisfied with whatever piece that was played, as there was no way to select any par ticular one. Not only does the device let.you select the piece that you want played, but should you make a mis take in the selection, you can stop that piece by depositing another nick el, turning the dial to the number you wished and the piece already on will stop and the roll you wish be played. At the finish of this piece the follow ing piece in rotation will play, thus saving you the loss of your first nick el, and playing only tw’o pieces. Mr. Richey came to Chicago after some correspondence with the Mar quette people, and last week when he walked into their office the heads seemed quite surprised and carried off their feet because he was not a w’hite much dickering they con sented to try him, thinking he could not make good. He w r as taken up to the fourth floor in a dirty corner, where all around him lay parts of a piano. They insisted that he put them together, with his device, so they could see whether it would work or not. Although this was not what he was • brought here for, he consented, and when they saw his work they signed a contract to manufacture it with factory rights. He was then moved to the second floor, where he superintended the worlt of fifty white piano makers. Now he is on the first floor demonstrating to buyers. All this in ten days’ time. He had what , they wanted. In his brain was some thing none of the white people had been able to invent. The color line faded. A Defender reporter called to see him. Anything he wishes is at his command. Employes treat him with the same courtesy they do the head of the firm. Mr. Richey is a self-made man, hav ing only a grammar school education. He became interested in electricity and was with the U. S. government perfecting w ireless telegraphy at Cape Hatteras, N. C. He has also been em ployed by the Bell Telephone Co. in New York city developing and experi menting with devices. He was an era ploy£ of the Viking Electric Co. Mr. Richey is stopping at 3457 Prairie ave nue. Toledo. Ohio, March—l 6. James Miller, - who after 23 years service in the fire departmi t re tired on a pension of S6O, was given a banquet by his white comrades at No. 11 engine house, February 28. He was given to bacco, a meerschaum pipe and several boxes of cigars. He was considered one of the best drivers * in the department.