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For the ßehwarc Journal.
No II. THE GEORGIA QUESTION. i» the ntfmberless expositions which have flowed .rSili the ExecutïveMd other tqmft of Georgia, on this subject, the cuifcras reader bave remarked a racmess of tone «together anomalous in the style of othrial communications. IT Georgia intended to give a colow of dignity to the attitude she has I,den pleiised toa&nmc—-that of a wronged and oppress cd State, asserting her rights and prepared to main- , . , , • ». 1 4 i • I tarn them*—her rulers might have found, in o«r an-1 i i i r h ? c* ,4 .... ti,..., <'„v nais, better models for heir State pape, s th. i Got - ernor Troup has seen lit to adopt. He might Inn e learned something on this bead, Iron, bat venerate, fountain of patriotism and principle, the congress « h '76 ; who represented a people struggling against : •a tyranny quite as formidable ns that which now the repose ol Georgia, but who never thought it necessary to sully the dignity ol: their, , cause by descending to language properly suited *■« the tongue and temper of m, enraged virago. Noth-Uj sng petulant, nothing fretful, nothing („nous or ful minating marked the style of the lathers ot America : they spoke in the langwige ot gentlemen how they acted, this, and every future age can tell. The address ofthe Gcorgladelegation in Congress, to President Monroe, dated March 10, 1824, and that ot Governor Troup, of the 24th April, follow ing, to the Secretary of War, Mr. Calhoun, are m the most striking manner of the Georgia school. W e notice them here, as well, because they consli tute the first in that extraordinary series of annoying and blustering missives which have rendered the Statesmen of Georgia so notable in our day, as because, also, we find hire recorded, for the first time, a direct charge of perfidy preferred against the United States, a breach of' faith in having neg lected to fulfil the stipulation of the treaty of 1802, by which the U. States engaged to extinguish the Indian titles within the State of Georgia. It might, indeed, be imagined from the confident tone in which his offensive accusation has been urged, and from the plaintive strain which Governor Troup indulges indwelling upon "the wrongs of Georgia," that until the treaty at Indian Springs in February 1826, the^general government had in no single instance at tempted a performance of the agreement of 1302. It will be seen, however, by a reference to authen tic documents, that the faith of the U. States, as con cerned in this matter, has been most honorably main tained, that the interests of Georgia have been spe cially cared for, and that, too, at the cost of millions to the United States. .«hotjnication. menaces and documents communicated ihern been man hunaelf dem!, my ciples sition names forts let my ed I sec lican nor as mere have is are about side. led and our ged done ition, tive ous, ply are dent one is it The message and documents communicated to Congress, on the 30th of March 1621, by President Monroe, disclose the following information : At the period of the treaty of 1802, the Indians pos within the limits of Georgia, 26,731,000 acres of land—of which 19,578,890 acres belonged to the Creeks, and 7,162,110 acres to the Cherokees : In Fulfilment of the treaty of 1802, seven different treaties had been held with the Indians, of which five had been with the Creeks, and two with the Cherokees. By the treaties with the Creeks, 14,748,690 acres were ceded for the benefit of Georgia ; anil by those with the Cherokees, 995,310 acres ; amounting together to 15,745,000, which had been purchased hv the U. States for the benefit ot' Georgia, and leaving 10,986,000 acres still in the occupancy of the Indians. In acquiring these cessions for the State of Geor gia, the U. States have expended in money and land ÿ2, 203,092,40. They had previously paid the sum of $1,250,000—into the Treasury of Georgia, Under the act of March 31, 182!, ami fsml in money. in conformity to the treaty of 1802, they have paid $4,282,161,12^ to the Yazoo claimants; claiips created by the act of the Legislature of Gcor from which the U. States exonerated the State of Georgia, by the treaty of 1802. The total amount, therefore, paid by the United States, for the benefit ofGeorgia, under the treaty,at the period this charge ■of perfidy was preferred, was $7,735,243,52$. These facts speak for themselves. They trium phantly establish the faith and honour of the gen eral government : they prove, in fact, what was not known before, that the State of Georgia, has been the pampered child, the petted offspring ofthe parent whom she now beards and defies. V\ e an nex the testimony of Mr. Calhoun, then Secretary of War, in his report to President Monroe, of March .1824, as pertinent and conclusive on this point. " The United States have ever been solicitous to fulfil at the earliest period, the obligation of the convention, by the extinguishment of the Indian ti tles within the limits ofGeorgia : a most satisfucto tory proof of which may be found in the number of treaties which have been held for that purpose, the quantity of lands which have been acquired, and the price paid. In fact, such has been the solicitude of the government, that hut little regard has been had to the price, whenever it has been found possible to ob tain a cession of lands to the State, has far exceeded that which has ever been given in other purchases from the Indians. it i ieel satisfied, that it may be asserted with confi and The price grec dence, that bo opportunity of extinguishing the ln- 1 1)( /ban titles, " on reasonable terms," lias been neg- y lected by the United States. The Vast treaty which had been made with the ; ■Indians, prior to the time when the honourable del egatiim troin Georgia and Governor 1 roup had ut tered this demmcmtion against the government ol . he Union, occurred as late as January 1321. But <, the U. States have never relaxed in their efforts to purchase the Indian lands in Georgia. In 1822, Kongress appropriated $30 , :W0—and in 1828; $50. OOP_to defray the expense of further treaties. The I Indians, however, had now adopted the resolution j not to sell any more of their lands, and declined ev-1 cry overture to treat. The causes and consequences of this resolution will be treated of hereafter. PRO PATRIA. HiBKRNUNSiMi'i.ion v.—An Irishman who was re cently sentenced to six months imprisonment in the New-Yovk State prison, thus addressed thejudgeon receiving his sentence: "• Could nut your excellen cy contrive to alter it to three months in one ol the states' vessels?" tdutg Gazelle. . ejews. under the ment of Samuel, who w«§£ vis« aid good punished by the militacjtgqvertiwent of t discontents of the English, under CM ended in the usurpation ofCnunwc" f*' n > compared with whoou; innocent, and virtuous «Mp« bloodshed oflhose unhappy am pen «us unes, it nation camebacktothe point from whencetsetou. *> 'j was, exactly, in timte* , in' ^ J" f,,nn ° f .go'ermnent a ct « for liter G.all lier toil and blood, smed only'»elevate 1er , !"" ht CUCCC! J S 11 "'! Ç ' j . f k | <b I iiu*nrc« and even liiLmrr than that nom wniui tat • ,, » „; e i„ 1( i Unn i,.iriml And «»in imlcl and amiable Louis had been nui leu. Ami soin ,,, , t(1 oul se |ves. All the noise ami atM ? violence-«! parties goaded by the bit & ■ , vim | ic(ive passions against each other, h pt , M | U ccd one single advantage to the great : bu()v ()( - t ,£ k .. , f|le offlc ^ the general government „ , he pub)ic but ,, 1( . ss is well done, there , g m) rea , sllbgta J ltia , nmnli of cn mplait,t ; all the efforts ,,f those that lire out. cannot bring the Presi in ( , )e „ ,,, thev arc ohli-cH to imagine er ni| . s . m(1 (li ffi RU | tiBS . f hat great man bears bis la cuUil , Si nu ,, k | y> f tirms bis Hutic-s diligently and cnrr ,» r i j v , and relies on die sound sense of the peo pllN his countrymen, for their deliberate judgment } n , lls ,n R sl , cks ullr favor in m> other wav. , baM , lu0V i n[r steadily on in the performance of ilis t |ut V . He is a plain, simple republican ill his ani ] ,|,,, ss . He is as remote from intrigue ag a| , ; n tb(l United States. A charge of this kind cannot be supported. The power and patronage an m , x ,, ( ]. (o b j s j, used for the good ofthe whole, will that power and patronage cease in the hands ,,f another man ? Will onother successful candidate ro f MSR tlie salary ofthe office ? Can be conduct the government without secretaries, ami they manage ffi e j r offices without desks ? Put these noisy patri u ts into office—will they perform duties for nothing? I suspect they are of a'different cast. The pressure of want, or the highest ambition, ran only inspire su( h ardent zeal.' Men seldom labor so hard with out some prospect of reward. Indeed, there ought tobe a considerable remuneration for the wear and tear of conscience, in a through going opposition, The means used, are often mean enough indeed: that high minded men stoop to them, is a subject of me laneholy regret. But are we, who have votes, to be carried away bv inisreprcsenation ? Are we to give credence to false changes against those who ing our business well ? Are we to condemn, on mere suspicion faithful public servants ? Are we to take others, on their own clamor f To consider them because they they are so ? Trust From the FiU The restlessness of tfc The tou ftMt'IWf First, I, a military chief s was an amiable, " XTter all the toil and are them patriots, because they say they are so ? Trust ! most ihern with power and patronage, without evidence ol 1 ;rtion theircapaciiyaml honesty : Are nut men who have p,, been tried, safer than tho,e that are untried ? Any t |„. man of plain, common sense and ho»e,ty will place hunaelf in the room ol thus*» that are accused or slan dem!, and ask, how would 1 bear such treatment- neml my actions ascribed to the worst motives ; my pria- cd ciples condemned on hearsay or suspicion ; a dispo- c( ' • sition to find fault with all I door sav ; the hardest names applied to me ; frequent and persevering ef forts to excite the ill-will ol my neighbors and coun trymen? It cannot be right. If I have done wrong let them point it out clearly, but let me be heard in my defence. As I do not like sucli treatment appli ed tome, I will not sanction it as to others. Until I sec our rulers do some act of hostility to our repub lican principles and interests, I shall not coindemu, nor vote to change them. We had better remain contented under things as thev are, nor sutler ourselves to be excited by mere clamour, when we know that those wliosjj mouths are Wide open, want nothing more th; have them shut by the emoluments of uüitt MMÜ is the great secret of rluyjy; are out , and want toï about votes, amid* <n side. To coaceal their own, against the intrigues of others, led for oqp. I am contented with the liberty, civil and religious, in my possession. I see no cause for outcry, and therefore shall make none. I believe our public officers are zealously and honestly enga ged in preforming their public duties, and would have done more, but for a busy, meddling, carpingOppos ition, that have sacrificed, in many in,ranees, tile public interest to their desire of thwarting an Execu tive that has more sense and honesty than the whole ofthe individuals that go to make up its heterogene ous, and discordant mass. A reference to the de bates in the two last sessions of Congress would am ply show this, and it is much tobe regretted they are not within the reach of every honest, indepen dent man in the community. There would be but one opinion among them on this subject,—tiiat the present Administration of the General Government is an able, honest, and much injured one. and that it deserves the support of every honest, steady, and impartial yeoman. which the the he ty rect the ti of the and had ob in iift IJpp&iUiim. lurent intrigué fs among those on the out I wfl^notbe inis- er ' lev for by the [from the Xalchez Ariel.] Indian-Iffairs .—Last week we took some no tice of the course pursued by Gov. Troup res pecting the Indian lands, and published a. speech ln- 1 1)( - m,.. Haile's on the subject ; to-day we give neg- y |C rclli;lI .k s ( ,r Webster. A judicious and I patriotic opposition to any Administration of the ; >1U . national government will not only he to del- 1>y t| » majm . itv supporting it, but will ut- wc trust, he found salutary to thccoun ol . J .. .. . But <, . k . Hn< to «" r »'«titut.or.s ; but there is a wide to difference between a eonsitut.onal opposition to 1822, olil ' government, and a disposition to create, a $50. rebellion, ill order to overturn it or to force the The I Administration into a coiujiliaiice with the tie- .! j mauds of a faction. Notwithstanding the gen ev-1 oral violence of the opposition to the Adminis- j tration, and the rebellious spirit manifested by ! the. local authorities of Georgia against it, »t I must afford the friends of order and good gov ernment, no matter wliieli party they may be of- great pleasure to sec the calm, dignified, and patriotic course, pursued by tlie President. In his message respecting the Indians, which published last week, it is evident that he is desirous, by the operation of the civil authority re the excellen the wc •tone, tftPmeet the violence and unconstiutional 8h»m of Gov. Troup ; but at the same time to remind the people of Georgia ot theextent ot his authority, the character of the laws under which he may be obliged to act against them, and the evils they may bring upon the. country, should they he disposed to support the violent and ambitious projects of Gov. Troup. The. remarks of Mr. Webster will, vve think, be admired by every friend of the Union, for the temperate yet firm manner in which he lias evinced his disapprobation of the conduct of Gov. Troup. The course pursued by Mr. Ad ams must he gratifying to every American pat riot, and will, no doubt, strengthen the confi dence which a great majority of'the people have in his wisdom and virtue. Faction may for a moment triumph in her own conceits, but the patriotism of the American peojde will soon discomfit her followers, and cover them with shame. There is one circumstance, however, connected with the Georgia affair, that must be extremely mortifying to every citizen of the State of Mississippi—the course pursued by Mr. Ilaile. We leel fully justified in saying—we feel it our positive duty to assert that the pledge gi ven by Mr. Ilaile in his speech on the President's message, will not he redeemed by his constit uents. Nay. weave hound on our knowledge f the people of this State, by the obligations we owe the States, to say that his conduct, as far as our information extends, is viewed with the utmost indignation, war against the Union, let her do so Mississippi to do with the factious, disorgani zing, and turbulent spirits of Georgia ? If the. people, of Georgia think proper, for the sake of getting the Indian lands, to drive the remnants of the expiring race from the country in which Providence placed them, and from the sepul chres of their fathers, and choose to wade to conquest through the blood of their fellow-citi zens, why let them do so—the people of this State will not aid—will not even countenance them in this direful purpose. <i If Georgia wishes to what, has , TT et , , '' hen Governor 1 y 1er was elected !.. states Senator, an application was made to General are'do-[Floyd, of the House of Representatives, to ! accept the office ot Governor of Virginia, jTliis, however, hcdeclincd, because he thought | Congress was the theatre in which he could be ! most useful. His usefulness, it seems, has re 1 ;rtion only to partizan warfare which he and p,, w kindred spirits, are carrying on against t |„. Administration. He says, " The COM BINAT i( )NS r (ll . e ff ect i n g the elevation of Ge - it; j m o neml Jackson were nearly cm,p ete, and hcwxsh cd toremmu m Congress until they were eamplet c( ' • for tile de- (Signed) March 3, 1827. but the that and This General Floyd is a leader of that party which talks so much about coalijtioiu»» ami in trigues and manageinen litions which have JÜMi the side of the o So it seeing elevate Genen* the voice oi'MH Etiè secret coa as yet, are on 5 bait the hopo of being able to faekson to tlie Presidency, by ieople, is abandoned ; and now he is to he elevated by combinations amongst the membres of Congress. iOUNï-Y FINANCES The Committee appointed to settle with the Coun ty Treasurer, report the following, ns giving a cor rect view ofthe transactions of that Department for the preceding year.— Statement marked (A) exhibits the different sums under their respective heads, paid by the Treasur fs er ' U P of March, 1827, and also the amount received from the Collectors of Taxes, and other sources, and the balance now remaining in the Treu sury. Statement (B) shews the amount of Tax levied for tlie year 1826, the errors, commissions, and al lowances made the Collectors, the amount paid over by them to this date, and the balances due from them respectively. Statement (C) shews the balances due to and from the County up to the present date. J. PARIS, R. PORTER, / s Wm. WELDON, 2d. ) ? \ ? (A) Payments and receipts by Caleb P. Bennett, Esq. Treasurer of New Castle County, from 2d March, 1826, to 3d of March, 1827. Payments as follows, to wit : $ 729 09 689 70 64 «1 80 00 473 00 300 91 39 26 101 86 270 40 82 59 51 58 150 92 327 06 1091 51 123 00 240 67 194 68 219 62 119 80 2327 97 426 Levy Court, .... Witnesses' fees, .... Attorney General. Gaol, (for medicine k attendance, 2 yrs.) Road damages, .... Commissioners of Gaol and Work-House, Debtors' Apartment, Recording proceedings of Orp's Court, Public services, .... no res give and I Bailiffs, of Errors in Tax, to- Printing an. Stationary, will "E'rcrtaod Discount, ,,f hu Pou0c - rrothouotary, wide Co . to A>geMI>n , f a Suru Ici v Schools, the Elections, tie- .! •try Tickets, gen- Sheriff', j Bridges and Causeways, to wit: by ! Brandywine Bridge, $121 29 »t I Appoquinimink B.&.Causeway, 69 14 gov be which he is 21 Ray's Bridge, on Christiana, St. Ann's Bridge, Noxentown Bridge, Glasgow Bridge, Blackbird Bridge. Drawyer's Bridge, Carriedup, . gl,179 69—8,104 64 35 00 1 33 . 94 94 185 39 . 665 91 • 6 69 T »1,179 69 $ 47 GO . 300 00 . . 2340 00 Brought up, Philips' Bridge, . Dragon Bridge, Tavlor'a Bridge, Treasurer's Commissions, Balance in Treasury, March 3d, 1827, of to -381 4 ■> "1 ■» g 16,Cü I So' RECEIPTS. Balance in Treasury 2d March, 1820, William Vandegrift, on account ol 1820, Nehemiuh Deluplain, on nc. of 1823, William Anderson, on uc. of 1824, Thomas Naudaiu,|On ac. of 1824, Abraham S. Eves, on James Patton, in full, of 1824, Robert Galbraith, in full, of do. Alexander Porter, in full, of do. Ditto. Andrew Burnaby, in full, of 1825, James Robinson, in full, of do. Isaac Scolt, in full, of John C. Clark, in full, of do. John Clark, in full, of Andrew M'M iirphey, on ac. of do. Robert Galbraith, on ac. of do. 1820. Alexander Porter, on ac. of do. John Clark, on ac. of James Robinson, on ac. of do. Nntlianiel E. David, on ac. of do. Thomas J. Clark, on ac. of do. Edward G. Janvier, on ac. of do. John Lattomns, on ac. of do. Andrew Barnaby, on ac. of do. -, '47814] Wilmington and Philadelphia Turnpike ) . , ' Company, rent of Naaman's C. Bridge, y $l6,ff(il 9i (B) Statement of tax levied in March, 1826,6 meet the expenses of New Castle County forth current year, and shewing the errors, commission and allowances for holding hundred elections, an amount paid by, and balances due from, the Co lectors ofthe different hundreds, for the year 1821 this 3d day of March, 1827. $ 3941 38 665 01 248 67 368 65 181 66 50 00 26 66 ac. of 1624, 60 91 100 00 2082 46 446 52 41 70 21 57 do. IB do. 181 22 do. 501 74 228 39 200 88 1019 85 1700 00 973 26 001 66 641 63 361 4jj 1084 71 Ditto. do. do. 21 to - this 3d day of March, 1827. t- f- O 1— CO © <N CC l" C2 CI Cl © O :■ T3 &i oi »I ci n co ^ :: o o l- CD c. " -f o co 5*5 I"* > u © CO c cc CO H cc cr> a - «0 ^ t i »o a 31 c o C31 ; o to CO -r e t •tl f v ft p c a w z) o-j 4 a bi r ' V J3 O T O cn &i ot V * . - - Ci O W t' O ©CiOkOifJC-^Ciico ÎO r- a; © o £ o 42 CJ CO a CJ o W to h Cl O (N WO tfj »— I tc O © *-»aio5«o»©»n«o<r) h CO S o Cj © •T o t 03 CO w ot CD Cl to e CO l— «03 —• W h«0O) CO C CI OOC« CD iO fC L'- tO so K r~* Tp CD CO « t- C; O CO a « o w ci :o i' Ô c* H ri H for 'd o « r c : o O c . CÜ • • . tf - C C/i 3 «O •S c o a B G a o U o'jWh'O o O al s ? 5 U o tj ■£ o -O s -VJ 'S. < -r* W -% o Statement (C) shewing llm balances due to from the county, on the 3d March, 1827. Due-the County. Balance in the Treasury on settlement, this day, per statement A, Due from William Vandegrift, balance of tax, principal and interest, for the year 1820, . . " Robert Ogle, do. 1821. " N. Delaplain, do. 1823, interest included, " Thomas Naudain, do. 1024, " William Anderson, do. do. " Abraham S. Eves, " Robert'Galbraith, do. " Samuel M'lntire, " Andrew M'Murphey, do. do. Balance of taxes for 1826, not yet paid over by the Collectors, per statement an ? $4,411 1 2d 253 9 64 4 15 0 123 2 320 0. 52 6 67 7i 621 A 629 1' 09 70 «1 00 00 91 26 86 40 59 58 92 06 51 00 67 68 62 80 97 do. do. 1825, do. do. 3,355 6! B, $9,017 6' Due from the County. Balances unpaid on Treasurer's hooks, for accounts and allowances by the Levy Court to this date, $2,968 76 Treasurer's note in Bank of Delaware, . Ditto. do. to E, Gilpin, Treasurer, Ditto, certificate transferred to Wi Seal, 2000 00 1,800 00 1,545 11 $8313 6 21 $ 1,603 8| In favour of the County New Castle County, ss. I do Certify the above and preceding pages tojv a true copy ofthe original remaining filed ol R'dBbrc In testimony whereof, 1 have hereunt set my hand arid affixed the seal of sai Court, this eleventh day of April, A. 1| 1827. T. STOCKTON,] Clerk of thr. Prarr, 64 &