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AIL. 1 fk k EiHteA'by M.. BvaMovd.—-YrinteiV and Published Vy 11,. Touter & Son, î^o. 91, •Market-^ tceei, WWmVngton. FRIDAY, June 1, 1827. JYo. 12. Vol. I . t-' -V--— -V--— CONDITIONS THE DELAWARE JOURNAL will be pub lished on Tuesdays and Fridays, at four dollars ■per annum ; two dollars every a hr months in d vance . Advertisements inserted on the usual terms — Via: One dollar for four insertions of sixteen lines, and so in proportion for every number of additional lines and insertions. Dagsborougii.— Dr. Edward Dingle. George Town.— Mr. Joshua S. Layton. ,H. F. Rodney, P. M. Lv.wf.s Milford. —Mr. Joseph G. Oliver. -Thomas Wainwright, P. M Camden. Dover. —John Robertson, Esq. Smyrna— -Samuel II. Ilodson, Esq. Cantwells Bridge. —Manlove Hayes, P M. Middletown. —Thomas Harvy, P. M. Summit Bridge. —John Clement, P. M. Warwick, Md.—John Moreton, P. M. Subscribers living in the vicinity of the residence these Agents, may pay their subscription money them, they being authorized to receive it, and to of give receipts. Other Agents will be appointed as soon as ar 'angements can be made. NOTXCE. Persons wishing any sort of Printing done, with leatness, accuracy, and dispatch ; Advertisements nserteil, or Subscriptions paid where there are Agents appointed in their neighbourhood to re ive them, will please apply, or direct to R. Porter ad Sou, No. 07, Market Street, Wilmington. All communications, not of the above character, o be addressed to M. Bradford, Editor o.f Üje Dela vare Journal, Wilmington. This arrangement is made for the more regular d prompt execution of business. Agents will he appointed as speedily as possible. 10 Sheriffalty. The subscriber begs leave to offer himself to the Democractic Citizens of New Castlo County, for the dice of SHERIFF, to be supplied in October next; assuring them that in case he should be the object ol their choice, his best exertions shall be employed to execute the duties of the office with fidelity, and pledging himself to abide by the decision of the County Meeting, to be hold at the Red Lion, tor the nomination of the County Ticket. ALEXANDER PORTER. 7— tf Wilmington, May 1 5. 182 7. & Can&le. Jtlanuüactoïî . THE Subscriber takes this opportunity to inform the public, that the establishment heretofore con ducted by James Ray, Esq. together with the ac counts connected with the business of that estab lishment from the first of January, 1826, have pass ed into his hai'T-, ami that he will continue the bu siness in all its branches, at the old stand, corner of Tatnall and Queen streets, near the Fricmh y Meet ing House, where he will manufacture, and^furnish at Philadelphia prices. Mould and Dipt CANDLES, Fuller's Yellow and Brown SOAP, of the best qual ity. ENOCH ROBERTS. for Tallow, N. B.—Tile highest price given Butcher's Fat, anil Fat of every description. Wilmington, Nov. 14, 1826. 1 —Sin CHARLES Q. DENNY cursuqbxi. No. 17, West Front Street, between S atrLEY Si Orange, Keeps on hand a general assortment of LEATHER. Finished in the best manner suitable for SHOE, COACH AND HARNESS MAKERS, Which he ■ tiers on reasonable terms. Wilmington, May ll, 18-7. 9—tf T WENT Y JOURNEYMEN SHOEMAKERS Will find constant employment, at Nos 08, 100, Market-street, Wilmington. V. M'NEAL <$- SON. 8-tf May 17. Three Women to work in a l'aper Mill, to whom con .tant employment and liberal wages will be giv en. Inquire of BISHOP BRATTEN. 2-4t Mill, April 27. Kcnnet-Syunr Fine large Parchment, Kept constant/)/ for sale by the Publishers. Scott's infantry Drill. The Publishers have just received a fresh supply. THE PRAIRIE, COOPER'S New Novel ; just received and for sale at No. 97, Market-Street. .- apprentice. Wanted as* on apprentice to the Printing business, alad about 14,-ot good morals, who can read well. Apply to R. Pouter, ! ; ; ! i ; ; I j ! ! \ 1 I j znzscjmuLAN'sr,' From the Boston Galaxy. ADDRESS TO THE AUTOMATON CHESS PLAYER. Thou wondVoiis cau.se of speculation— Ot deep research and cogitation, Of many a head, and many a nation— While all in vain Have tried their wits to answer whether. In silver, gold, steel, silk, or leather, On human parts, or altogether, Consists thy b/aiu. When first I viewed thine awful face. Rising above that ample case Which gives thy cloven foot a place, Thy double shoe, 1 marvel I'd whether I had seen Old Nick himself, or a machine, Or something fixed midway, between The distant two! A sudden shuddering seized my frame; With feeling that defies a name, Of wonder, horror, doubt and shame. The /out entemb le, I deemed thee formed with power and will. My hair rose up—my blood stood still, And curdled with a feat ful chill, Which made me tremble. I thought if, e'en within thy glove, Thy cold and fieshlcM band should move To rest on me, the touch would prove Far worse than death; That l should be transformed, aud see* Thousands, and thousands, gaze on me, 1 living, moving thing, like thee, Devoid of breath. When busy, curious* learned, and wise Regard me with inquiring eyes To find wherein thy mystery lies, On thy stiff neck, Turning thy head with grave precision. Their optic light and mental vision Alike defying, with decision. Thou giv'st them * check!'* Some say a little man resides Weiwecn thy narrow, honey sides; And round the world within thee rides Absurd the not For what's the human thing'twould luik In thine unfeeling breast. Sir Turk, A'crlbrming thus, thine inward work, Ami outward motion? Some whisper that thou'rt him who fell From Heaven's high courts, down, down to dwell lu that deep place of sulphury smell And lurid flame. Thy keeper, then deserve a pension. For seeking out this wise invention To hold thee harmless, in detention. Close at thy game. Now though all Europe has confest That in thy master Maclzel's breast Hidden, thy secret still must rest, Yet, 'twerc great pity, With all our intellectual sight. That none should view thy nature right IJut thou must leave in fog and night Our keen ey'd city. ! Then just confide in me and show. Orteil, how things within thee Speak in iny ear «<» quick and low Mune else shall know it. ■! it l should discover ark »■it, il ithmn thhwuiil, thy secret mover, VYilti thee forever all is over; I'll quickly bi u We make the following extract from the second volume of the memoirs ct the board ot agriculture of the state of New York. On preventing the destruction of trees by cuttcrpil lars, by G. Webster, of Albanij. From my experience, I am fully satisfied our Iruit trees may be preserved from that dreadlul insect, the cater pillar, in a very sure and easy way. the year 1805, the large elm at our corner nearly stript of its leaves by small catterpillars. Various inodes to destroy tht-.i were made use ol, such as covering the tree with tar, and burning then nests, but without any good effect. Some day in the month of July, I was standing at our door, when a gentleman of Niskayuim was passing by. He accosted me in words like these:—"George, tis a pity to lose so fine a tree." In answer—"We have made use of various articles to destroy them but without success."—"Send," says he, "and get a lit tle sulphur, and bore into the tree about six inches, and fill it with sulphur and my word for it not a cat terpillar shall be seen in forty-eight hours. "Will you stay and see it done?" "I will," said he. The bored, the sulphur put in, and a piece of wood the size of a cork, drove in strongly, to pre vent the, sap or sulphur oozing out. than he Mentioned, there was not a vestige of a cat terpillar appeared on our poplars, in front of my house; every tree was served in the same way as the elm had had been, and the result the same— While my neighbors cut down those fiue trees, be cause they were very much alarmed that the insect was that venemous reptile called the "Asp. A few days afterwards I discovered that a very beautiful plum-tree in my yard was attacked by the catterpil lar: the same course was pursued, and the result the same. since 1805, when I discovered these insects on my trees, and there never has been a catterpillar on mv trees, after forty-eight hours. It has been tried in N. York andin Pennsylvania, where I have been present, and in the western part of this state, no case has it to my knowledge or belief failed. in was hole tv In a less lime I have followed this practice every year In Farms in Maryland. —The following is an extract address delivered before the Agricultu from an _ ral Society of Worcester, Md. by E. Washburn, Esq. " The rock upon which the fortunes of many of our most industrious citizens founder, is an over weening desire of possessing many acres, rather than well managed farms. This propensity is so com mon, that its effects are visible in the loose state of agriculture in many districts. We generally agree in sentiment with those writers who condemn the large and almost useless commons, to be met with in many parts of England ; and yet, many of our farms ! present but a little better picture, in their pastures, ; overgrown with brush and briers, and the rank weeds ; and unseemly balks which deform their mowing and tillage lands. Whether this disposition to become large proprietors is natural, or was brought by our fathers, with other prejudices, from a land where large manors are often the only evidence of great ness in their owners, it would be useless to decide. If it be a relic of those prejudices, it must have been found to produce effects the reverse of those intend ed, since the possessor of a large farm, without the means of cultivating it as it should be, becomes a slave rather than a lord, and ere long finds himself dressed in the tatters of poverty, rather than the er mine of state. "This becomes not only a private but a public evil. It prevents the increaseof our population aud of our wealth. It drives ouryoungand enterprising men to seek their fortune in distant regions and new territories. Every fifty acres, that are thus with drawn from the market and the improvement of pro per husbandry, though they may lead to theoccupa ! tion of a portion of the western wilderness, deprive i us of the enterprise, wealth and industry of our val ; uable citizens at least, a: J proporlionably affect the ; actual wealth and physical strength of the state. I By a proper division of our farms, not only would Jour territory support a'larger population, but it j would render our laud proprietors more independent, ! since they would possess a more productive capital, ! than real estate alone, under ordinary circumstances, \ can ever be. Money would thus be thrown into the 1 market at its fair value, aud our farmers and me I chanicS need no longer be the dupes and victims of j rapacious misers and relentless usurers. There would be a more equal proportion betsveen the mo nied capital and landed interests, and though we might still have the eroakings of the discontented about the hardness of the times, the prudent farmer would be beyond their influence, and his cottage, though small, would be the abode ot ease and con tentment. From the United States Gazette. To the People of Pennsylvania. Fellow-Citizens. —The rapid increase of our black population affords cause of alarm to all who justly prize our domestic peace, and the stabil ity of our institutions. The ingenuity of Man had j long been tasked to devise some scheme in relation ! to this subject, by which public tranquility might I be guarded, without invading the right of private I property, or infringing the laws of humanity. S Uf all the measures yet suggested to accomplish : this great National work, the plan adopted by the I American Colonization Society, appears to be the ! most politic and practicable. j It has in fact actually succeeded ; and a Colony now exists on the shores of Africa, planted by this Society, consisting of upwards of five hundred souls, who according to the most authentic intelligence, from that quarter, enjoy a high degree of prosperity. Judge Washington is President of this Society ; and Mr. Clay and Mr. Crawford are amongst its Vice Presidents, us well as many other distinguish ed citizens of the Southern States. If the General Government would extend its fostering hand to this Society, there could be no doubt of its eventual suc cess. in tis of as my on Every application, however, which has been made to Congress, to promote this great National object —an object so dear to Pennsylvania, has been resist ed by the Opposition to the present Administration. At the annual meeting of the Colonization Socie ty, held at Washington, in January last, Mr. Clay addressed that body, in support of a resolution ot tered by himself, empowering and directing the Board of Managers, to make respectful applications, both to Congress and to the State Legislatures, for pecuniary aid in the furtherance of the views ol the Society. After stating the actual condition and future pros pects of the Society, Mr. Clay, observed - " There is amoral fitness in the idea of returning to Africa, her children, whose ancestors have been torn from her by the ruthless hand of fraud and vio lence. Transplanted in a foreign land, they will back to their native soil, the rieh fruits of re carry ligion, civilization, law and liberty. " Mav it not be one of the great designs of the Ruler o'f the Universe, thus to transform an original crime, into à signal blessing, to that most unfortu nate people of the Globe. Every emigrant to Africa, is a missionary, carry ing with him credentials in the holy cause of civili zation, religion and free institutions. We are re proached with doing mischief by the agitation of this question. This society goes into no household to disturb its domestic tranquility. It addresses itself to no slave, to weaken their obligations of obe dience. It seeks to affect no man's property. * * * Composed of freemen, it concerns itself only with For collateral consequences, we are not onsible.*****What would they, who reproach done ? If they would repress all the ten dencies tuwards Liberty, they must do more than put down the benevolent efforts of this society. They must go back to the era of our liberty and indepen dence and muzzle the cannon which thunders its an nual joyous return. ***They must arrest the career of South American deliverance from thraldom. They must blow out the moral lights around us, which America presents to a benighted world, pointing the way to their rights, their liberty and their happiness. And when they have achieved all these purposes, their work will bo yet incomplete. They must pene the free. rest us nave In of träte the human soul, anil eradicate the light of rea son and the love of liberty. Then, and not till then, when universal darkness and despair prevail, can you perpetuate slavery. ****** Animated by the encouragement of the past, let proceed under the cheering prospects which lie before us. Let us continue to appeal to the pious, the liberal and the wise. Let us bear in mind flies condition of our forefathers, when collected upon the beach of England, they embarked, amidst the flings and the false predictions of the assembled multitude, for this distant land ; and here, in spite of all the perils of forest and of ocean which they encountered, successfully laid the foundation of this glorious Kepublic. These fellow-citizens are a few extracts from the concluding part of Mr. Clay's eloquent address, de livered before the American Colonization Society at its laàt meeting. An address, which points out the true remedy lor the evils of which it treats, anil Which bears evident marks of a sound judgment, and an enlightened forecast. US SCO SIMON SNYDER. Fellow-Citizens. —Considering Gen. Jackson, possessing that lofty sense of honour which is the distinguished characteristic of a soldier, we take it for granted, that in the contest for the Presidency, lie wishes nothing more than a fair and honourable competition. When we seethe daily slanders propagated against present Chief Magistrate, by those who call themselves the friends of Gen. Jackson, we cannot but notice the striking contrast, between the opinions and conduct of the General himself, and those who advocate hitn. In his celebrated correspondence with President Monroe, in i8l7, upon the subject of the new cabinet, Gen. Jackson thus expresses himself of Mr. Adams : '•I have no hesitation in saying you have made the best selection to till the Department of State, that could be made. Mr. Adams, in the hour of difficulty, will be an able helpmate ; and I am convinced that his appoint ment will afford universal satisfaction." Such was the candid and honest opinion which Gen Jackson entertained of Mr. Adams in 1817V and his conduct at Washington, the winter the Pre sidential election, was in perfect accordance with it The evening of the day on which the House of Representatives chose the President, Gen. Jackson met Mr. Adams at President Monroe's. He immediately came up, and taking him by the hand, congratulated him upon his election. Again—Gen. Jackson was present when Me. our Again—Gen. Jackson was present when Me. Adam's was installed into the Presidential chair ; aud after he had delivered his inaugural speech, the General congratulated him anew. It may no', be improper here to observe, that Gen. Jackson was at Washington the whole of the winter of the election,and knew every circumstance connect ted with it. Now, if there had been any foundation for the charges of bribery and corruption, so freely circu lated, how could General Jackson have given any countenance toan individual elevated by such means to the highest honours of the Republic L No : Gen. Jackson was well aware that there was not a shadow of a foundation for these charges ;— that the election was conducted in strict conformity with both the letter and the spirit of the Constitu tion. Hethercfore evinced a becoming respect toward» a successful rival, by thus publicly rebuking a slan der, Ibid. As George III. was walking the quarter-deck of of his men of war with his hat on, a sailor asked his messmate "who that fellow was who did not dowse his peake to the admiral?"—"Why, it's the king," said Jack. "Well, king or no king," retort» the other, "he is an unmannerly dog!" "Lord, where should he learn manners," replied Jack, "he never was one out of sight of land in his life. A gentleman having a remarkably long visage, waa one day riding by the school, at the gate of which he overheard young Sheridan say to another lad, "That gentleman's face is longer than his life." Struck by the strangeness of this rude observation, the man turned his horse's head, and requested an explana tion. the world ; but I have read in the bible at school, that a man's life is but a span, and 1 am sure your face is double that length." The gentleman could not help laughing, and he threw the lad sixpence for his wit. "Sir," said the boy, "I meant no offence in Sheridan one day, meeting two royal duke» walk ing up St. James' street the youngest thus flippantly addressed him : "1 say, Sherry, we have just been discussing whether you are a greater fool or rogue: what is your own opinion, my boy?" Mr. Sheri dan, having bowed and smiled at the compliment, took each of them by the arm, and instantly replied, "Why, faith, I believe 1 am between both." Bitter retort. Porson had once exasperated a disputant by the dryness of his sarcasm. The pet ulent opponent at length addressed the Professor thus—"Mr. Porson, 1 beg leave to tell you, sir, that my opinion of you is perfectly contemptible-" Porson replied, "I never knew an opinion of yours, sir, which was not contemptible." RAGS. The highest price given for clean linen and cotton Rags at JYo, 9 7, Market-street.