ThàlteA lyj ÏVL. ÜvaAïotà.-—\'ïn\teà anà Published Vj TL. Toïtex & Son, No. STI* Älarkei-fttareei» Wilmington.
FRID*Ê.1P) September Äl, 18Ä7.
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PRIZE ESSAY ;
Which obtained the prc.iu.iuin of Thirty Dollars offer
ed by the proprietor of the Philadelphia Album.
BY MISS FRANCIS.
ON THE IMPORTANCE OF MENTAL
Stand out of my sunshine, suid Diogenes to Alcx
t'. T, when the Emperor asked what service he could
do him.— Y ml haughty as the Philosopher's reply
ly the honest independence
may sound, it implies
h every highly gifted, and well balanced mind
el toward those who merely possess the acci
He must be
denial distinction of rank anil fortune,
reduced to pitiful extremities, who needs the con
descending smile of the proud, or the heartless flat
tery of the vain either to rouse him to exertion, ol
io warm him into happiness. The power ot sell ex
citement is the most desirable of all attainments ;
To love knowledge only
nnd it is the most rare,
far its usefulness, and thus convert it into it source
of happiness to form and strengthen virtuous dispo
oniy for the sake of the deep tranquility they
bring—is a task performed by few. Yet experi
ence constantly proves to us that there are no other
limans of attaining permanent happiness. He to
whom nature is an Open volume, where truths of the
loftiest import are plainly written, may smile at the
thwarting influence of general circumstances, and he
wiio caiftiiul in the fall of an apple, or the hues of
the wild flower, abundant "food for the reason and
for the fancy, may well say to the world,'stand out
of my sunshine.'
1 do not mean that selfishness is bliss, eVen where
enjoyment is of the most dignified kind.
Hence, which placed ns above the dehghttul sympa
thies of social life, would indeed he unenviable ;
but surely—that which places us above the ever
tide of circumstance and opinion is very
The study of nature, more than any oth
er study, tends to produce this internal sunshine,
across which the vexatious cares öl the world are at
the most but flirting shadows,
gain, ambition, renown,—every thing in short, which
;i of mankind, have
Politics, love, of
Can he acted upon by the pas
a corrosive influence on the soul,
sues her course with the same majestic step, the
same serene smile, whether a merchant is wrecked,
or an empire overthrown. The evil feelings ot our
nature cannot defile, lier holy temple. They may
indeed close its portal against the restless and the
had: hut the radient goddess is ever within the al
tar, ready to smile upon those who are pure enough
to love her quiet beauty. Ambition may play a
mighty game—-it may crack the sinews of a whole
nation, and make the cringing multitude automaton
dancers to its own stormy musiç. But sun and
moon and stars, go forth on their sublime mission
independent of its powers ; and its uttermost cannot
alter the laws which produce the transitory glory of
the rainbow. Avarice may freeze the genial cur
renls of tlie soul ; but it cannot diminish the pomp
of summer or restrain the podigalily of autumn,
fame may pursue glittering phantoms, until the dis*
But nature pur
eased heart lu:
with all its eager aspirations, it can neither change [
nor Hi ire the immortality of the minutest atom. j
Here then is a sequestered spot where the Weary
may rest, safe from the whirlwind of its own pas
sions. Here is a mirror made to reflect heaven j
alone, and which the I'roteus forms of liuman poilu
tion can never darken.
He who has steered his bark ever so skilfully,
through the sea of politics, rarely if ever, finds a
quiet haven.—His vexations and his triumphs have
all been of tin exciting character. Doth dependent
on outward circumstances, over which he had very
limited power ; and when the precarious breeze,
bad subsisted, he finds, too late, that he has lived on
the breath of others, and that happiness has no cm
pire within him. And what is the experience of him
who has existed only for wealth, who has safi-ly
moored his richly freighted vessel into the spacious i
harbor of successful commerce? Does he find that
11 relish for substantial good ; but,
happiness, like modern love, can be bought with
gold? You see him hurrying about, purchasing it in
small quantities, wherever taste and talent offer it
for sale; but the article is too etherial to be haled
for future use, and it soon evaporates into the va
cuum of his intellectual warehouse.—He who has
lived for fame only, will learn that happiness and
renown are scarcely speaking acquaintances. Even
if lie grasps the rainbow he has so madly pursued,
he will find its tints fading with every passing cloud,
and flickering at every changing ray. Nor is he
who has wasted the energies of his youty in cliser.
tatiglingthe knotty skein of controversy more likely
to find the evening of his days cloudless and serene.
The demon ol dogmatism, or ot doubt, will grap
pie him closely, and convert his early glow of feel
ing, and elasticity of thought, into rancorous preju
dice, of shattered faith. But the deep stream of
philosophical knowledge is indulged by one drop
<>f bitterness. Us gurgling waters constantly speak
of heaven from which they flow, and the quiet
asounri lulls the listening spirit into peace.
If age like infancy, must have its play things,
battery and barometer.
what can be so dignitiet
telescope & prism? Electric power may he increased
with less danger than the power of man ; it is safer
to weigh the air than a neighbor's motives ; it is
less agitating to lix the eye upon volcanoes in the
moon, than upon tempests in the political horizon ;
and it is far easier to separate and unite the color in
a ray of light than it is to blend the many colored
hues of truth, turned out of their course by the
three cornered glass of
three cornered glass of controversy.
He who drinks deeply at the fountain of natural
will reflect all around him the light which
If the sympathy
beams on his own tranquil spirit,
of heart and intellect is within his reach, he will en
joy it more highly than other men; but if he is alone
in the world, no man can, with so much sincerity,
to the incitements of fame, the glitter of wealth,
and the allurements of pleasure, "stand ye out ol
From the American Farmer.
In onr number of the 24th ult. a bird s eye view
taken of what Ohio was, what it is, and what it
ested by the perusal of the anticipa
d by the Postmaster-General on a late
■gat'd to that state, which brief essay
closed with the following remarks :
" Finally, we hope to see telegraphs take their
appropriate rank amongst American improvements,
and by their means, give to intelligence the wings ot
As a commentary on that suggestion, let the read
er peruse and reflect upon the two subjoined ex
•» A French paper gives the following details with
respect to the rapidity of communications by means
of the telegraph. At Paris, news arrives from Lisle,
60 leagues, or 180 miles, in two minutes ; from (Al
lais, 68 leagues 200 miles, four minutes five sec
onds ; from Toulon, 330 miles, in thirteen minutes
fifty seconds ; from Bayonne, 300 miles, in fourteen
minutes ; from Brest, 4.70 miles, in six minutes file
seconds ; and from Strasburg, 360 miles, in five
minutes thirty-two seconds."
is to he—sit:
occasion, in i
Nat. Intel. Aug. 25,1827.
" Accounts from hlarscilles [3U0 miles from Par
is,3 state that an attempt was made, by the custom
house ofthat place, to prevent the embarkation oi
a train of artillery, destined for the Greeks; upon
Which remonstrances were sent to Paris. By tele
graphic orders returned, the armament was allowed
to be despatched.'' Nat. Intel. Aug. 2D, 1627,
This order if we compare the time necessary to
communicate with Toulon, would demand about
twelve minutes to leave the minister's office in Pa
ris, and be received at the custom house in the city
Let us examine the preceding data
in a tabular from :
mitted in seconds.
. . . 120
ICO , .
Paris to Lisle, is
450 . •
Here we are taught that in six telegraphic routes,
making together 162-1 miles, that intelligence is con
This rate of motion is about
veved in 2732 seconds,
lif seconds to the mile—10 miles per minute, or
I ! The velocity of sound in the at
v nearlv 13 miles per minute, 780
niosphere is very
The mean rapidity ot heavy cannon balls is about
480 miles an hour, when propelled by a due charge
of powder ; we have, consequently in the telegraph.
a vehicle d'intercommunication with a power ol
transmission upwards of threc-lold greater than
sound, and live-fold greater than the motion of ac.ui
The inequality in the above table arises, no doubt, "f
from the ditferent features of the intermediate coun
try. Facilities of erecting stations, must vary on
any two routes ; therefore the time must of course
vary. VV r e now proceed to apply the data to the
From Washington City to New-York, the distance
may he expressed in round numbers 240 miles, and
if we allow live seconds to the mile, a well construe
ted and managed line of telegraphs, would convey
intelligence to Baltimore in little more than M mi
nutes ; to Philadelphia, in 0 1-0 minutes; and through |
the whole line to New-York in little more than 201 Y
If such inductions were made from rational theory,
they would eveu them merit attention ; but founded
as they are on facts, and on the actual experience ol
one of the most enlightened of modern nations, they
ought to command, promptly, attention of the Ame
rican pttblick. We are shown that the telegraph
literally gives to the human intellect " Kings oj
light." If we suppose the distance f rom Washing
ton to New Orleans to be 10ÜU miles, and again
estimate for various difficulties on so long a route,
that it would require 30 seconds to each mile; still
intercommunication could be effected in eight hours
and twenty seconds : and at the utmost delay, des
patches and replied to on the second day.
We may, indeed, pause and reflect on the pecu
One of the first maps
made by order of
liar march of improvement,
ver brought to Europe, was one
Arista goras of Samos, engraved on a plate of brass,
and brought by him to Athens and Sparta. 604 years
before the Christian era ; and yet maps from metal
lic plates, are an invention posterior to that ot prin
ting from metallic types. The Telegraph, iu a rude
form, was used by the Greeks, live centuries before
; or twenty three centuries past, and with
all its prodigious mid obvious effects,
lined to mere local experiment, in place of being
inseparable appendage to every very much frequent
May we hope that the United States are
destined to give at once to mankind, the first effi
cient opportunity to deveiope their physical and
moral force ?
the current when
The day may dawn in the current cent.ury, when
intelligence will fly along the Appalachian chain
from peak to peak, with a celerity outstripping the
winds, anil permit society at its extremes, to con
From the National Intelligencer.
The following very interesting Letter
from Lot Cary, a respectable colored clergymen,
who has resided in the Colony of Liberia from its
establishment, and holds a high standing there, is
lull of instruction and monition to the Free People
of Color of the United States :
" Df.au Sir : Your letter of the 51st of January
came to hand safe
1 transmit the following lines to give you
And with a great deal of plea
faint idea of the state of things with us.
disposed to endeavor, il possible, to get at least one
vessel of our own to run from this place to Ameri
, and we intend through that medium to bring out
passengers and our own supplies also. YV e cannot.
1 think, make any arrangements at present to pur
chase a vessel, as the brig (Doris) does not go direct
to America, but I hope we shall by the first oppor
The present expedition, I think, will pass through
the fever with but very little loss, it is, I think,
more favorable than I have ever known it—we have
lost only two, and one was a child in bad Health be
Onr native schools, both Sabbath and regular
schools, continue middling uniform—their improve
ment the year past has been very encouraging.
Nearly the whole settlement at present attend Sun
day school. There are at present five Sunday
schools in this settlement.
I have a very great wish to visit you, which 1
trust I shall do at some future day ; but at present
I am so very busy, it is impossible for me to spare the
time—I am at present trying to build me a stone
house of which I have got the first story near up,
and the other storv l must try and get up betöre,
the rains set in too constant, which ». fartJP
preaching. My building—my lartn—the sick the
school—the church, and other calls, make my life »
very busy one at present But hopfe that I sha
be able to get some of it oft my hands , the p ts
loss of Six months would he almost l.ke losing all,
the days of my life. f
do? I wrote to them individually as long os ; 1,
j found it was profitable to them, for I am i ,, *
scribe, and I found irnm answers which rece ved
j to my letters, that they had suftered thiough mt. in
j terpretation. 1 thoiight, therelore, la ^ • L
to communicate to them tlitoug .. ,
Managers „I the African M.ss.onary Society, a
I have done so lor .the last »o ir s. vuu'/ci v
confident that all the colored pe.»pic:"'
will regret the loss of time, when they •» Y"
ccd of the great jttistake that they .ab.»r urn e .
I am of the full behef, that
your streets and iaki a list ot the ua • . ,
should clmnce to fall upon one that ought nut t*
walk at large in any place. _ ......
The arrival ol the Doris has given us a m.adung
full supply of tobacco lor t e presen season, am
therefore, if you should have an oppttr Js
not send out a large quality—say, no nut .. }
three or four hogsheads—-and H ,e ' e 1 ?..
"f finding ready sale lor it in such pay men
pay you in America. , _ t(! . .
The people at the new settle Ltlemen*
very fast with their improvement • .
opens to the farmer a great an e ig y P "
The «**""» P a,d '"°* e attention to the collect' go
coffee this season than on ?'' 0 ,, * . nu i
brought m a much larger quail y
than ever. 1 think that in one or two na s more,
we shall be a e o expm 1 fj ' "
quantities. I could send you on no v_ M quan
| "ty ot very good co e i 6
Y uur P luct '"
Adjutant General's Office»
JVaH.ington, 7th Sept, 182".
The Gen. in Chief of the Army, having recently
completed a tour of Military inspection, embracing
the f rontier posts ot the Union generally» South anil
West of the Hudson River ami the lower Lakes*
feels himself called upon to disclose, to the At my thé
sentiments of proud satisfaction with which he has
viewed the state of moral and professional advance
ment every where evident in the large portion of it
which has thus passed Under his eye. lie congratu
lates the Army and the Country, that in an institu
external interests» ami so
our national character»
tion so important to our
intimately connected with
such success has attended its march ot improvement
in every quality that ts calculated to invigoiate and.
adorn a military establishment;
Difficult, as it has always been found, to preserve-,
in times of peace» the active efficiency of troops
more especially when parcelled and distributed over
wide ami remote frontiers, the present favourable as
pect of our military concerns justifies the hope, that
through.the operation ot (lie Military Academy and
the supplemental schools of practice, united with
that spirit of chivalric virtue prevailing among this
Officers, our Army may yet demonstrate an ho nor a j
hie exception to the Usual results of inactivity ami
incident to Peace Establishments. Thé
Academy at West Point gffm ds advantages unequal,
ed perhaps m any other country, for the incipient for
ed perhaps m any other country, for the incipient for
ation of high military character; ant! in the disposi
tion evinced by the Government, to fostfer and mature
this principle, by introducing academic graduates,
through the .Schools of Practice, to the appropriate
"amt strict duties of their vocation . we have at
,e. ttmt the Army will be sustained in that moral
rectitude and professional vigor, which tnu-t secure
alike its own respectability and the favour of the na;
In venturing to notice any particular instances of
proficiency in military discipline, instruction, ur
policy, it is found no easy task to discriminate uher®
everv corps has presented the most satisfactory evi
dences of military improvement. It may be pro
per, however, to mention the 1st regiment of Infan
try, the companies of Artillery at Savannah, West
Point, ami New York, together with the troops gen
erally at the Artillery ami Infantry Schools of Pram
The fatigue duties in which the latter have
been recently engaged at the Jefferson Barracks,
have naturally operated as impediments to the attain
ment of a polished discipline, hut their zeal, their
moral and their military devotion are not the less ap -
parent on this account.
Equally unaccustomed and averse to the practice
of awarding profuse ur indiscriminate praise, thd
General in chief has sought, with no slight scrutiny*
for subjects of animadversion and blame. In this
review, however, he has not been able to find a sin-*
*de case of delinquency or relaxation in discipline*
sufficiently grave toqualify the general meed ot curd*
mendation, which he thus'felt bound to bestow.
By order of Major General Brown.
J R. JONES, Adj. Gen.
, v ., s
j J r *^fextraordinary caution, celerity*
j ' ' ^ a i 0 „o. t h e Ridge road to Port Niagara j
d ^ ■ this most daring outrage wel d
™ of condition and respectability in the country»
. nd J( . *jj aBara no trace could bo made out*
j*^ia Times, however, announced that d.
' nerson has appeared befure the Grand Jury of
b,™ CUM, »1» mt. .1« Mb'* mm**.
IV-fijut he WaS caHed upon in the night to take
, , 0 p Morgan, who it was said was abuut to re
, of f,. ee masonry. That when hd
j ^ r nJan tigd h . ln j an f( f oot . and that lté
,q-jthen, under the orders of several individuals, was
i c;u . r j ei | to the magazine, and discussions took place
° That he was kept there five day-tj
: that during that time masons were devising plans
l „ gt ut hfr, iut o their possession ; that he was ta
ken across the river, and when in the boat said
i 'Gentlemen L am vour prisoner» and hopfc you will
I [nuson nnnledtatll/replied
t, the same time presenting a pistol at his
From the New York American.
The fate of Morgan yet occupies all mirids in thë
western part of this state. The trials at Canandaigua
of persons suspected of complicity in his abdactiotj
have, indeed, resulted in acquittals of those indi*
viduals ; hut in the course of them, proof was pro»
forcibly carried off, anti
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