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Delaware journal. [volume] (Wilmington [Del.]) 1827-1832, September 25, 1827, Image 1

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HAiteÀYVj 2S1. r>vaAïoif A.-*-*T?ï'mtftA and Ïttbl\s\vï A Vvj IL tariez & Son, No. Ql* «Mafic et-S te vfct * W vVvnVngto n *
rot i.
f VlAE$JK1 I* September 35, 1837*
JYo, 45#
THE DELAWARE JOUR,M'Ait is puli- j
IM mi Tuesdays anil Fridays, at four dollars |
per annum : two dollars every six months in ad* : c
vancc. ■
■i Lverliscncnts inserted on the usual terms — d
.■iavi-ruse.iluus inserieu on uu usual lei ms
r/8 -• One dollar for four insertions of sixteen
lines, and so m proportion for every n-m her of i
additional Lines and insertions.
Ooxconn.—Dr. Thomas Adams, P. M.
Henry Cannon,- P. M.
—Mr. Arthur Milby.
Mr. Isaiah Long.
—Dr. Edward Dingle.
Cgoiuik Town. —-Mr. Joshua S. Layton,
Lewes —II. F. Rodney, P. M.
Mili-'obd. —Mr. Joseph G. Oliver.
Frkukiuca. —J. Emerson, P. M.
Camden. —Thomas Waimvnght, P. M.
Dover. — lohn Robertson, Esq.
Smyrna —Samuel II. Hudson, Esq.
Cantwells Briwje. —Manlove llayes, P M.
Middletown. —Thomas Many, P. M.
Summit Bridle. —-John Clement, P. M.
Warwick, Md.—-John Moreton, P. iU.
Subscribers living in the vicinity of the residence
if these Agents, may pay their subscription money
î them, they being authorized to receive it, and to
;ive receipts.
Persons wishing any sort of Printing lone, with
accuracy, and dispatch ; Advertisements
ISubscr i vtions paid where there are
... .„is appointed in their neighbourhood to re
vive them, will please apply, or direct to R. Porter
don, No. 97, Market Street, Wilmington.
All communications, not of the above character,
î he addressed to M. Bradford, Editor of the Dela
iiu'C Journal, Wilmington.
This arrangement is made for tiie more regular
ml prom;
ution of business.
Wrapping Paper.
A quantity of good Wrapping Paper, large and
siaall, just received.
of all descriptions for sale
Magistrates Blank
it No, 97, Market-Street
To uir, Members of the Congress oj the United
Gentlemen: While at your respective homes, I
g leave to call your attention to that portion ot the
public works which, in my opinion,, is worthy of
notice, and will be regarded by all true lovers of na
mi-e—l mean the planting of the Capitol Square.
From what vou have seen within that Square, you
-:ui easily le~-.ni that my principal object has always
been to imitate nature as much as I possibly could,
within so small a compass of ground as the Capitol
intention was, and shall
Square contains. My a
nt'muc to be, if not obstructed in my views, to
: ..gather in said Square, as many general and
, -jedes of the native plants as it is in mv power to cul
1 Tt from the woods, in and about the District ol Col
umbia, and also to receive trom any lady or gentle
nan (who should be an admirer of that science, the
most beautiful of all the sciences—I mean the art of
ttanleuiag) such seeds or p ints as, in their judg
ment, were useful or ornamental. I respecttully,
hut particularly invite each and every gentleman who
may have the honor ot a seat in tiie councils of tiie
nation, to have an eye, while at their homes, or in
lassin"- through the neighboring woods, to the col
ection of such seeds or plants as, in their judgment
would be novel or interesting in this section of the
country. By forwarding such seeds or plants to me,
i should soon be enabled to exhibit to the public eye,
in the grounds of this city, and in a growing stare,
die several plants indigenous to our country. We
have here every kind of soil, situation, and aspect,
md, with the application of a little art and industry,
•mild have every kind of climate, and a suitable
balance of temperature for every exotic. Would it
not be desirable, also, to have plants and seeds
transmitted from foreign soils, particularly fiom
countries wherein we have ministers, con
ami otlie.r agents—each gentleman sending
boni that country wherein lie resides some choice
plains or seeds?" Our naval officers, also, might
have an opportunity of adding to our collection, by
attending to the vegetation of those shores which
they may visit. Our agents among the Aborigines
of tiiis country would do a meritorious act, by ex
erting themselves and collecting and sending some of
die vegetable rarities, with which the remote por
tions of our forests and mountains abound, and thus
add to the embellishment of our public grounds.
The gentlemen above particularized are invited to
give their attention to the subject, and if they, and
our citizens, generally, who might have the oppor
tunity, were to use a little industry and exertion in
1 his particular, 1 should soon be enabled to display
; is great, a variety of plants, in as fine a growing
state, in the public grounds of this our infant city,
as -re tobe found in the proud Botanic grounds
of Paris or London, ur in any other country in the
world. We have the means in our power, ami we
diould use them. By so doing, we should rescue
Irom obscurity many valuable productions, and aid
materially the science of gardening—a science at
"nee pleasing and beneficial—and place it before the
public in its own beautiful and natural garb
a, nar to
There I
is not a disease to which tiie human system is sub- j of
jeet, lor which the Almighty master of all has not
j provided a remedy in the vegetable kingdom, if pro
| P«Jj "PI»] 1 « 4 '* {" f : u ^ that disease. Such being the
: c . a *"* lâ it not both laudable and desirable to intro
duce among us as great a variety el plants from the
d , lft T Ut f cl !. ons ol tl,H K ,obe ' as 0U1 ' citizens and
, f v j ent 8 ,, . . m .i sr :„. „„„ l nv l„ .,,.|r. no . on
^ forward to us ? Thus owichinl asdence whiclf
i must again assert, is the most beautiful and use
ful of all the arts and sciences. of
Many of the Governments, Botanical and llorti
cultural Societies, and even'individuals of Europe,'
have done a great deal in the vegetable kingdom.
They Idive sent Botanists to all parts of the known
world, for the mi rouse of rollertiiw and transmit
ting seeds and plants back to theiAespective Bo
tanical and Horticultural Institutions, and well were
they rewarded,by the introduction ol many thousands
of niants which have been sent to them through the
industry of those worthy Lmndfic men yet it ha
matter of regret to sny, that many of those most wor
thy and industrious friends of science have fallen J
victims to their ardor for the comfort and eratitira
tion of their fellow men What was mortal of them
has been deposited in f forei-'n soH far, for fh.m
their native country, relatives, amt friends. No
stone, 'tis true, marks the spot, or tells the traveller
that a botanist inhabits there a narrow ceil; but will
not the Encyclopedia of Gardening, ami the Horti
cultural and Botanical Magazines, commemorate
their deeds, and transmit to'posterity the names of
those useful, scientific men, and the country of their
birth ? Yes they will. Their names shall be trans
mitted to posterity, and they shall live in the affec
tions of every man, whether botanist or not. One
word more s Will not the Government of these
United States lend their aid and give their support to
that art which was the first in existence, of all nth
er arts and sciences, and which is, and shall con
tinuetobe, the master piece of all arts and sciences,
to the end of time ? [f we were to use all the in'
dustry, zeal, and talents, of our country, it would
take us a considerable space of time before we should
have 6,000 species of plants in a growing state in
the public grounds of this city. I say 8,000, be
cause 1 believe there are many individuals who have
accomplished sttcli a task, and have that number at
this present time in a fine growing state, within so
small a compass of ground as 3C or 40 acres : and
if one individual has accomplished such an under
taking, what is it that the Government of this Re
public cannot do in the vegetable kingdom ? I will
answer for them they can do a great deal if they
Seeds or plants from Ireland, England, Soctland,
France, Spain, Russia, Prusia or any other part of
the European world, would be very desirable ; and
that country known bv the name of New South
Wales, and also the infant republics of South Ame
rica, as well as the Cape of Good Hope, afford many
choice ornaments and valuable plants. There is,
at the latter place, many species, which certainly
are very beautiful. J. FOY.
Washington, September, 1827.
' From the New-York Commercial Advertiser.
CANAL STEAM BOAT.—We noticed about a
month since, an experiment made by a Mr. Cotsell,
of Philadelphia, with a new boat propelled by steam
on the Schuylkill canal. It was said that this boat
produced little orra ripple in the water and conse
quently did no injury to tiie banks of the canal.—
But wo have not since heard whether the anticipa
tions of success then expressed, from the result of
this first trial, have been confirmed by subsequent
The following particulars of another
experiment made in the harbor of Buffalo are from
the Journal published in that town :—
Canal Steam Boat .—On Friday last, we witnessed
a very interesting experiment, in our harbor, made
to test the feasibility of applying steam to canal nav
igation ; ar-l we are. happy in being able to state
that the result was such as to produce convinction
in the minds of good judges, of the complete ulti
mate success of tiie plan.—The experiment was
made in an old canal boat, purchased for the pur
pose, in which a small steam engine of simple con
struction, and upon the high pressure principle, (to
save both weight and room) had been erected. The
engine is a horizontal one, and is employed in work
ing two double forcing pumps, that ply in a direc
tion parallel to the sides of the boat, and within a
false tloor, under the bottom. To feed these pomps,
water is received into them through openings loll to
wards her bow, and this is driven out at apertures
near the stern, which gives motion to the boat.
The principle is based upon the incompressibility
of water, which causes the current passing out
at the stern to act on the boat by the resistance it
meets from the surrounding water, against which it
is driven. This application ot steam power at once
disposes of all objections arising from fears of wash
ing the banks of canals, as the surface of the water
is not broken, and the only motion caused is a gentle
current from the stern of the boat.
Both the boat and the apparatus employed upon
this occasion, are so imperiect as to render the ex
periment in a great degree imperiect also : yet
enough was shown by the short voyage the vessel^
made to lest the principle, and to warrant the befiel
that a steam engine may bo thus employed which
shall move three canal boats (two in tow ot tiie one
carrying the engine,) at the rate of four miles per
hour, by the consumption, it is believed, of two
cords of wood to the hundred miles.
As the success of the. invention must in its conse
quences, produce an entire revolution in Canal na
vigation, we have been somewhat particular in no
R will supercede the use o! horses, and
I ticing it.
of course of a towing path ; and, if we are not mis- the
taken, reduce, very much, the present expenses of
the forwarders, generally.
The ingenious inventor is Mr. James Ratcliff, an
English gentleman, now a resident ot our village.
Wc understand lie has secured letters patent, for
his discovery, both in this country anil England ;
on ,i „„ D ,i ' , J ° '
reilo in f and P""
serve and we douït noTwdUonimaftlhe hands fr
of capitalists a reward proportioned to the benelits "
he a^
impbrtant discovcrv eBl ° W UP ° n 116 " c
From the Pitt,brie Intellitrencer 1
» rom me / utsourg intelligencer.
0n Wednesday, August 29th, one Robert Wood
war d, of Dinwiddie, almost without provocation,
stabbed Laban Eppes, of the same county, su severe
that in a very few minutes he expi/ed. Wood
wa9 immediately arrested and committed to
J ail - the.succeeding Monday, he was examined
by the Galled Court, and sent on for further trial,
and (the Superior Court commencing its session on
that day,) ai indictment was formed against him by
the Grand Jury. On Tuesday he was tried and
convicted of Murder in the second degree, and on I
Wednesday, just one week after the commission ol
the crime, he was sentenced to ten years imprison
ment in the Penitentiary, one tenth part of the time
to be spent in solitary confinement.
Woodward and Eppes were both habitué /hunk
arils. Both were under the influence ot liquor when
the Murder was prepetrated, but Woodward more
so than Eppes. It would be unreasonable to expect
that habitual drunkards,who neither "fear" the wrath
of "God," "nor regard" the good opinion ol "man,"
will be led to reformation by this new instance of
the awful effects of Drunkenness-These we must
leave still to wallow in their sty; to live without
God, and to die without hope—But the young man,
who day by day, takes one glass more than rigid
temperance would require, is not yet beyond the
reach of reformation. If these lines should reach
the eye of such a one, let him take warning and flee
before the spell is wound round his soul so closely
that nothing but Omnipotence can break it !
Wlm hath woe î Who hath sorrow ? Who hath
Wlto hath babbling? Wlio hath
wounds without cause ? Who hath redness of eyes?
They that tarry long at the Wine ; they that go to
seek mixed Wine.
contentions ?
The first volume of Mr. Coopet's Red Rover (all
that has been received of the novel)is calculated, in
opinion, to raise the expectation of a work much
superior on the whole to the Prairie. The vehicles,
and business of the sea are the subjects
which he handles with surpassing knowledge and ta
lent, and they form the chief matter of the Red Ilo -
The first volume contains able delineations of
character and scenery, and dialogues of true flavor
and spirit. We closed it with a feeling of chagrin
for the want of the others, which was, to us, suffi
cient proof of the merit of the plot. We learn that
the whole will reach this country in the course of the
A'ationul Gazette ,
For Tomata Ketchup—half a gallon. —As this is
tiie best season for making 'the best condiment for
fish or steak that ever pantry was furnished with, I
send the following recipe to the American Farmer.
Take a gallon of skinned tomatoes, 4 table spoons
ful of salt, 4 do. do. black pepper 5, spoonful al
spice, 8 pods red pepper, 3 table spoonstul ot mus
tard ; the articles ground fine and simmered slowly
in sharp vinegar, in a pewter basin, three or four
hours, and then strained thro 5 a wire sieve and bot
tled close, it may be used in two weeks, but improves
much by age. Those who like the article may add,
after the simmering is over, and the ingredients some
what cooled, two table spoonsful ot the juice of garlic.
So much vinegar is to be used as to have half a gal
lon of liquor when the process is over. To my taste
this is superior to any West India ketchup that 1
have ever met with, and it is withal an excellent re
medy for dyspepsia.
American Farmer.
From the Baltimore American.
As much undue advantage has been taken of a
letter written by Mr. Adams during the late war,
to Mr. Levitt Harris, the then representative of
our country at St. Petersburg, I have to request the
favor of you to publish it entire in your useful paper,
preceding it with the copy of a ietter written by
General Washington during the war of the revolu
tion to a friend in Virginia. As both letters speak
for themselves, I shall make no comment except so
far as to say, the writers spoke with a due regard to
historical truth. Mr. Adams' letter was written in
answer tonne from Mr. Harris, inquiring the nature
and effects of the events of the war as they had oc
curred in this country—the letter reached him while
engaged iu the composition of those official papers
to the British commissioners, which have reflected
so much honor on himselt and the country, and
without entering into detail, he gave a succinct and
correct view of the several occurrences which had
then taken place,
riod of great gloom ; the news of the vandal like
destruction of Washington had but just reached
him, and'with a mind filled with ajiprehensions, he
drew the picture as will be t - und below—it is just
such a picture as a patriot heart, situated thousands
ol'iniles from his loved home, would have drawn.—
Washington's letter was written in 1779, at one of
The letter was written at a pe
the most gloomy periods of the revolution, ami llkê
Mr. Adams'is, alas! too faithful a picture of the
then times and circumstances of the country,
Mut f wm Gciufu i Washington io HU friend in
4iT _ , . j» à , . ^ ...
.. 1 ai ? P art . lcular, 7 desirous of a frec commUhi
cation ot sentiments with you at this time}" say*
the General in a letter written to a very respectable
fr ' end and a g emtl , e . rt,an of s P> endld tale > lts '
" becau9e f view things very differently, 1 fear, front
what P eo P le ln g eneral do . who seem to think thft
c ? ntest at a " end ' artd that to make möne J and 6 et
places are the only things now remaining tobe done.
1 9een , without despondency, even for a ud
ment, the hours which America has styled her
gloomy ones j but I have beheld no day, since the
commencement of hostilities, when I have thought
iter liberties in such imminent danger as at present,
Friends and foes seem now to combine to pull dowti
the goodly fabric we have. hitherto been raising at
the expense of so much time* blood and treasure J
and unless bodies politic will exert themselves to
bring things back to first principles, correct abusé*
and punish internal foes, inevitable ruin must fob
low. Indeed we seem to be verging so fast to de
struction, that I am filled with sensations to which
I have been a stranger until within these three
months. Our enemies behold with exultation and
joy how effectual y we labor for their benefit ; and
Irom.being in a state of absolute despair; and on thé
po'nt. of evacuating America, are now oft tiptoe.-*
Nothing, therefore, in my judgment, can save us,
buta total reforma ion in our own conduct, or some
decisive turn of affairs in Europe, lhe former,
alas ! to our shame be it spoken, » less likely M
happen than he latter, as it is now consistent with
the view, of the speculators, various tribes o money
of makers and stock jobbers of all denominations, to
continue the war'for their.own private emolument
without considering that tins avarice am tinrst for
gain must plunge every thing, including themselves;
in one Common ruin. .... , ,
Were I to indulge my present feelings and give
a loose to that freedom of expression, winch my tlnj
reserved friendship for you would prompt to; I
should say a great deal ort this subject. But letters
are liable to many accidents ; and the sentiments
of men in ofhee are sought after with so mUch nvi
dity by the enemy, and besides conveying.uselui
knowledge (if they get into their hands) fur the su
to pmtructure of their plans, are so often perverted to
the worst of purposes, that 1 shall be somewhat re
served, notwithstanding this letter goes by a private
hand to Mount Vernon. I cannot refrain lament
ing, however in the most poignant terms, thé fatal
policy prevalent in the most of the states, of em
ploying the ablest men at home in posts of honor bs
profit, before the great national interest is fixed
upon a solid basis.
To me it appears no unjust simile to compare
the affairs of this great continent to the mechanism
of a clock, oacii state representing some one of
other of the smaller parts of it, which they are en
deavoring to put in fine order, Without considering
how useless and unavailing their labor is, unless tlifc
great wheel spring, which is tu set the whole in mo
tion is alsu well attended to, and kept in good order»
I allude to no particular state, nor do I mean to cast:
reflections upon any one of them; iior ought I, It
may be said, to do so Upon their representatives j
but as it is a fact too notorious to be concealed} that,
Congress is rent by party j that much business pt
a trilling nature and personal concernment withy
draws their attention from matters of great national
moment at this critical period ; when it is also
known that idleness and dissipation take place of'
close attention and application ; no mah who wish
es well to the liberties of this country and desire*
to see its rights established, can avoid crying mit;
Where are our men of abilities ? Why do they hot
come forth to save their country ? Let this vtiicë
my dear sir, call upon you, Jefferson and others !
Do not, from a mistaken opinion that we are to Sit
down under our vine and our fig' tree, let bitfi
hitherto noble struggle end in ignominy. BeliëVÔ
me when I tell you there is danger of it; I bavtf
pretty good reason for,thinking that the British;
a little while ago, had resolved to give the matter fijj
and negotiate a peace with us upon almost Any teritisj
butlsKall be much mistaken if they do not riod;
from the present state of our currency, dissChtiofid
and other circumstances, push matters to the tit
most extremity. Nothing 1 am sure will prevent It
hut the interposition of Spain and their disappoint
ed hope from Russia.
[Marshall's IAfe of Washington, 4, vol.
This is the letter of Mr. Adams, alluded toin inj
few introductory remarks; it is in all its lineaments
and features, distance of time considered; the vefjr
counterpart of that ot Washington. The effect
produced in court in Philadelphia, when it, together
with several others from Mr. Adams to Mr. Harris
were read in evidence, may be inferred from the hi'
pression of the judge, who," immediately as the coiri
sul had finished reading them, said with much èttic
phasis—"Letters in a true American, spirit, and
they dotr t loose any thing by being well read."
Ghent Ibth November, 1814;
" The occurrences of the war in America have
been of a diversified nature. Success and defeat:
have alternately attended the army of both bellige
rents, and hitherto have left E etft nearly where they
were, at the commencement of the campaign; It
has been on our part merely defensive, With the sin- - *
gle exception of the taking of Fort Erie, with which
it began. The battles Of Chippevya and Bridgewa
ter ; the defence of F ort Erie on the 15th of AOgUst,
and the naval action on Lake Champlain on the 11th ;
of September, have redounded to our glory a, rnfch ' *
as to our advantage ; while the loss of W äshiügtott

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