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Delaware journal. [volume] (Wilmington [Del.]) 1827-1832, October 05, 1827, Image 1

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'EtVftcAVj ÄI. BvaAtoïA. — -Tïmtedanà I?\ib\is\\eA Trj Tovtev &$on, Jx'o. 9"i, iMovfket-Street, Wilmington.
Fol L
FRI&tlT, October 5, 18^7.
JTo. 48*
lished tin Tuesdays and Fridays, at four dollars \
per annum; two dollars every six months in ad
Advertisements inserted on the usual terms —!
One dollar for four insertions of sixteen is
and so in proportion for every number of
additional lines and insertions.
Concord. —'Hr. Thomas Adams, P. M,
Baiuof. ville. —H enry Cannon, P. M.
Milton. —Mr. Arthur Milby.
Frankford.—M r. Isaiah Long.
U Ac »borough. —Or. Edward Dingle,
Georoe Town —Mr. Joshua 8. Layton.
Lewes — H. F. Rodney, P. M.
Milford. —Mr. Joseph G. Oliver.
Frederica. —J Emerson, P. M.
Camden. —Thomas YVainwright, P. M.
Dover. —John ltoberlson, Esq.
Smvrna— S amuel II. Hudson. Esq.
Cvntweli.s Bridge.-- -Manlove Hayes, P M.
IIiOoletown.— Thomas Harvy, P. M.
Summ.t Bridge. —John Clement, P. AI.
Warwick, Mil.—John Morctnn, P. M.
Suo-.rioeiM living in the vicinity of the residence
«f Agents, may pay their subscription money
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1 dressed to M. Bradford, Editor of the Dela
• > 1, or
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apply, or direct to R. Porter
M u-ket Street, Wilmington.
to he at
-vire Journal, \k ilmington.
Tim nrrangem ml is made for the more regular
»ail p
npt execution ol business.
«• * » O n *
For sale at R. PORTER & SON'S Book Store,
„Vi. 9;. .Market-Street a general assortment of
BOOL'S, in elegant gilt binding and plain,
#e. eye. at reduced prices : among which, are
Jamii) ami l iimies Webster's S5|jeimig Books,
Waik l),l inn ary English Iteailers
Ainsworth's Liiundo. Introductions
Mur,ay's Grammars
Conn) 's
Cn deli's
Greenleaf's do.
.lack II J)ard
Virgil Delpiimi
Il Itac, Uii.
l.lvrk Lexicnns
Do. T> staments
Vd-.il and A,incus
Hollii.'s Aucicnl History
Hints I,t
Amer'n. Kevolution
iliittun'. Mathematics
(iumim-rv's Surveying
I't.v (a.r's I
V,li g. Sermons
Segin's Kxpedition
Three Spaniards
Mathemaiical Instruments
Scales anil Dividers
Ton's VVoi'lv:
Sco.tisii Chiefs
Cii Mias
TestMinunts, plain and gilt j Gold and silvar Mens
Uv mus do. do. | Mockv t Hooks
Windsor &. Fancy soap
Sealing' Wax
Office Waters
Common do.
.uilcd, writing &. letter paper
Paint B xes
Camels Hair Pencils
Black Lt ad do.
do Visu lng C irds
Shaving Boxes and Brushes
Razor straps
Pocket Ivory Combs
Durable Ink,
I)o. Pencils
iParchment, line quality, fcc
Morses' (i.»zetter
Common Prayer Book
H la'Kins* Plea to the Crown
Crunsliaw's U. States
:s' Cieograpny Sc At lass
Do, do.
V/ rcester'a do.
Smiley's do.
b- Intel's Arithmetics
Pi :;e's
i -
- is
bo. Algebra
B- no■ Castle's do.
Dg. Mensuration
pulling Books
>pv and C-vpliering, Memorandum and Receipt
Bunks,' &e.
M'hiie ami Blue Bonnet Boards.
U iy Books and Ledgers.
M riling paper, hut pressed,gilt. <§*l:.
Letter do. do. Wraping do.
istratus' and other Blanks.
I) p , - „ . . . ... „ , «
», * Lrlcr ,. on > , avm o , la T 1,1 a 11,0811 I j
e,| .J? 1 ? 01 , I u tlu * lr Bne, at very reiluc
am! W t i i v tho 'n VVho eStt e
-- '- 11 ' a m adelphia prices generally. !
Great variety, from '25 to (it) cents per pcice.
Dt every size, made to any pattern, elegant du
r'ihle and cheap, suitable for Banks, Public Oiiices,
8()e«clies, (kc.
CONTEXTS—Biographical sketch of Mr. Clay.
pP PIM 'h on Manufactures—Line of the Perdido—
'■'ok charter—Augmentation ofthe military force—
"H'easo of the Navy—New Army—•Emancipation
, ' J'" 1 '' America-internal Improvement—Semiti
a IV ar—Mission to South America—The Tarifl'—
^Finish treaty—Greek revolution—American in
tj'i'try- Colonization of the negroes—Bank ques
■c-l ,° n ~ - Address to Constituents—Speech at Lewis
■ J', ' Wl11 ' n potrnit in front—Price $2 25.—The
' ee work to be had of the publishers of this pa
' r ' att heir Book Store, No. 97, Market-Street.
* t
from the
un * n • ■ , , , w r
\\ hen at Cairo, l had b^eii several times soli
cited to visit the harem of the Pacha, a favor which
is generally not granted to strangers. It is eus
tomury in the East to make reciprocal presents in
sudl interview.. Not being able o procure in this
citv any productions of Europe, worthy of being of
feral to these fair odalisques of such l.igl, rank. 1
was lor a long time oblige«I to restrain my curiosity,
and renounce this visit. ° 3 ' '
AtU.mietta, however, where a fresh occasion
presented itself of visiting the harem of the Aga,
Governor of the Provinces,and where I should not
be obliged to present such magnificent gifts, I re
solved to make mysell acquainted with an abode!
many tilings contrary to the
3 " '' The j
" recollection" of the baroness
which contained so
taste, the ideas, and manners, of Europe,
harem of the Aga was situated nearly opposite to
the residence of Mr. Faker, on the other bank of the
Nile, in a garden, in the Turkish stile, that is to say
a piece of ground withouttrees. I was accompani
ed by the lady of the Portuguese physician, who un
derstood a little Italian ami Arabic, and who was
to act as interpreter. When we arrived at the build
ing we were received by a black eunuch, richly
dressed, who invited us to go into a very cool apart
ment, with latticed windows, and no furniture
cept a very broad and low divan. He left u, lo an
nounce us to bis mistress : we soon after saw he
two wives of the Aga, accompanied by tw of ms
daughters, one of whom was yet a child, and the nth- j
er married to one of the superior officers in the ar- j
my, and about twenty young slaves.
dies, as well as the daughters of the Aga.
themselves next to me while the slaves ranged them- j
selves ina half circle before us, with their arms cros i
sed on their breast, and preserving a respectful si
lence. As all these women spoke only lurkish, wo
needed a second interpreter, who, in her turn, un
derstood only Turkish and Arabic, so that vvliat J
said in Italian had to be translated into Arabic, and
the Arabic into Turkish ; thus, to understand each
other, we had need of three languages and two inter
It may readily be supposed that the conversation
could not go oil fluently, ns we depended on the good
will and talents ol our interpreters : in fact, gui pro
que resulting from the bad translations of our ques
tions and answers, were.truly comic, anti created so
much gaiety, that loud and repealed bursts of laugh
ter soon established a good understanding between
us. The oldest of the consorts of the Aga, howev
er, maintained a dignified gravity, while the other,
who was much younger, and of an animated and in
teresting countenance, repeated, with extreme voiu
bdity, the most insignificant questions, and did not fail
lo examine- the whole arrangement of my toilette.
'They asked me many questions respecting the wo
men in my country ; as lor Europe, 1 believe they
entertained very vague notions of it ; and when 1
told them that our husbands had but one wife, and
no slaves, they looked at one another, undetermin
ed whether to applaud or to laugh at this custom.
The eldest daughter of ihu Aga was a young per
son of the most beautiful and pleasing countenance,
idle did noi enjoy good health. Her extreme pale
ness rendered her really interesting in my eyes :
she resembled a lilly languishing, and withered by
toe burning w ind of the desert. She appeared to
cherish life, from tlio idea tin t 1. perhaps, possessed
the skill to cure her, and earn -stly entreated me to
prescribe some remedy. There is something sin
gular in the conviction generally entertained by the
Orientals, that all Europeans, without distinction,
have a knowledge of medicine and necromancy, arts
commonly confounded with one another,
times happened to us in Upper Egypt, to he called
to the assistance of persons actually dying, or iu so
desperate state, that nothing less than a conjurer
would have been required lo preserve their lives.
Without being a distinguished disciple of Hippo
crates, it is easy to acquire the reputation of an
able physician : and the really skilful medical man
who accompanied us during our tour in Upper Egypt,
was accustomed, oil such occasions, that is, when the
case was not desperate-, in imitation of the célébra
ted Sangrada, of happy memory, to administer on-j
ly the most simple remedies, which never failed tu
produce a prompt and marvellous effect. Bo much
influence has the imagination of tlu-se children of:
nature on their Cure.
Tne t wo la I
seated j
lt several
But to return to my fair oila
They were nearly all natives of Syria, Circassia,
nnd Georgia, and 1 had thus leisure to survey these
beauties who enjoy so much celebrity. They un
doubtedly merit their reputation. I can, however,
tell my fair country-women, to comfort them, and to
« do jusiice lo truth, that Europe certainly can boast
j of beauties equal to those of the East. Those whom
j ha( j now tb e pleasure of seeing, had the most agree
e able countenances, and delicate and regular features:
! but what most attracted my admiration, was their
hair, which fell in waving and natural curls down to
their waist. They hail each preserved their na
tional^ costume, which agreeably varied this pretty
parterre ; nor bad they adopted the tresses of the
Egyptain women, which rather disfigure than im
prove the figure. They had exquisitely beautiful
teeth ; but the clearness and bloom ot youth were
banished from their complexion ; they all had a
languid air, and I did not find among them that em
bonpoint which 1 had expected to meet. Perhaps
their sedentary mode of life, and the destructive cli
mate of Egypt, have contributed to tarnish the lus
tre of their charms. The climate of Egypt, other
wise so salubrious, exorcises a maliguuat influence
upon female beauty, and on the. children ôf Eu
ropcan parents. It is rare to see foreign families
they generally die at an early age; |
and this, too, is one of the causes why the Maine- !
S™ I TS lmVe ? 3 P °r terily ' * Ut are B, ' !
" f, y 3 reciuited by the purchase of young boys, gen
orally brought from Circassia, and the provinces
bordering on the black Sea, and the Ural Mountains, i '
.The mortality of children in Egypt is excessive ;
it» chiefly caused by that unhappy fatalism which ,
preventb the natives from providing against the dis- .
case to which that age is subject. The smallpox a
lone carries off one-third of the children. The
Pacha, notwithstanding all his endeavors to in tro- j
duce vaccination, has been able to atiuin his object j v
but imperfectly ; and, if we add to the ravages of!
die small pox, those of the plague and malignant
fevers, we shall see reason to wonder that this fertile
country is not entirely changed into a desert. Cairo,
in the times of the Caliphs, still had a population of
nearly one million, whidiis now reduced to about .
It is melancholy to see how all the measures of
an enlightened Government are constantly counter
acted in Egypt, bv the religious and fanatic ideas of
the inhabitants. 'However, the Pacha has already
made gigantic strides $ and, if his successors should
be wise enough to proceed in the s;ime course, this
fertile land would, doubtless afford in future ages
the appeaiance of a new creation.
Refreshments were brought in on a small table of
cedar, very low, ornamented with a pretty Mosaic
of ivory and mother of-pearl. The collation con
: sisted of confectionary, cakes made of honey and
I i- I * ' Meantime, some slaves burnt
j R uits, und sherbet,
j mccmse in silver censers, and frequently sprinkled
..*" . 1 1 *'.'
j 'hank any thing, were ready to hold under my lips
i * napkin of a course quality, yet embroidered with
I . )er i 0( j.
j lb(J
j 0 f t |, ilt woub | bt ,_
j -Who shall decide when doctors disagree?"
j lK ]g e Best*» charge in favor of pugilism, will be
i found under that head in another place. At the
j same p„; nt 0 f t ; me j lK l» e Harrow was making the
of: followiiiî' char-gge siwainst it at Hedford. He said if a
I us with rose water.
Two others placed themselves
j **t my side; and every time that I either ate or
gold. Others, provided with fans, drove away the
swarms of insects which the pastry and fruit had
attracted around us. in short, each seemed to have
a particular function to perforin. When the repast
was ended, (hey wished me to pass the night with
hem, and lo take the hath ; but having already ae
on,doled myself with -this kind of amusement at
Cairo. I declined their polite invitation.
*The present Pacha, Mahomet Alt, has two legi
timate wives, one of whom resides at Cairo, and the
other at Alexandria. 'The number of his concubines
is immense ; there are above 2ÜU in his harem at Al
exandria . —
At the present assizes for Worcester, certain
parties were indicted for stealing two ducks; but
as it came out in evidence that they killed the two
ducks before they stole them. Mr. Justice Littledale
charged the jury to find them not guilty, on the
ground that in legal construction the words - two
ducks" must be taken to mean
whereas, it was proved that these ducks were ilea l :
and the parties were found not guilty accordingly.
Query: Is not a duck a duck f And if not. wiiat
is it? Would the thieves who stole the ducks have
been not guilty of stealing the ducks, supposing they
had only half killed the ducks before they stole
them ?
A notorious gang of robbers, on the Windsor
road, escaped at the Quarter sessions, because the
drawing up of the indictment had described a gown
, .'*■ " . ,, ... ,, I*
and petticoat as the property of a woman instead ol
c . . 1 I I J . . -,
aman; tins said woman happening tn be married,
.I, i , • iii., 11 t r- . * . * I»
the learned chairman be d that it legally belonged to I
,, i , , ... , , ,
the lusoand, and on this plea the whole gang were
1 ,
acquitted, much to the annoyance of a worthy ma
. 1 , , . . , , , , , r • -I- I
ffisrrate, who declared 1 hat he had heard of a wife
^ . , r I ,
wearing the breeches, but never before ol a ndsband !
. " . ' . , • ;
wearing the petticoat. At the same sessions, an in
!• •! I .•*« . .. . , ,i
dividual, tried on an indictment for sheen stealing.
j. c . A ii-iii r . n .
seemed a fair way to escape, by Ins egal defender
proving that the animal was not legally a sheep, in
consequence of not being come of age, and the mat -1
ter was put aside to be gravely argued at a hiturt
Nothing could exceed the astonishment of
master. I lie next sheep stolen fnm him, he
vowed he would call a pig, and try what the eflect
two live iltirks
quarrel is treasured up, and time be taken to ar
| range the meeting, and one of the party fails, the
; (| u . „tfence amounts to murder, ami principal se
' C onds, and by slanders were all guilty. He called
on the Grand Jury tn put a stop to the practice of
I prize fights, which he regretted to say, had been
I pah on i zed by men of rank, who «ported their sov
ereigns on the life or death of a fellow creature,
John Maule, the prisoner tried at Salisbury, was
indict'd for having, on the 18th of June last, killed j
one Thomas .Strange, by upsetting a coach on which
! the said T. Strange was a passenger. The second'distant
' count described the coach as having been drawn ly
two geldings and two marcs. One objection to the j
indictment, namely, that it did not state the ueci- j
dent to have occurred on the King's highway, or in a
public road, and ail the precedents showed that such
an averment was necessary, was over-ruled by the
chief Justice, who observed, that he had little doubt
'■the precedents would furnish instances ot non
sense of all sorts." But it was then objected—it
alleged that the coach was drawn by two mares
and two geldings, which allegation had .not been
supported by proof. This was a thumping objection
—two mares and two geldings stated in the indict
mentj and no one to prove the averment. T ha
Chief Justice-then said, " he feared that the ubject
tions were fatal."
Mr. Sparks, of Boston, has issued proposals for
. ^ bv subscription "The Works of GEORG £
W isUI\GTOjV with, Historical'Notes und lltustra
' „ " '
,^'"' ei , rllt nor more than twelve large octavo voH
° A specimen of the manner in which it is to
. . f -, „„#1 ««««*
be executed, as .regards tyj
nlC:9 * • wi in/it nrrir^pde ^ ind
creditable to the press from which it proceeds, and
v '°. I . iy 0 \ e ' a 0 ' , p , r a pilIi a t , ^ , h '/• .> a
l.U^taed, that-'themet valuable
? 7 ntlie c0 , c !° n + ? 7 f - . fcn [ ' l . ^L u . ' .
Vernon, ot 0 a P u 10 " n P rt f
be prepared aud pu is e accoi mg o i
1U S method. . ,, , .
. iar , 1 - 1 ' Letters and other Papers relating to Wash
ington s early military career in the 1* rencti War
and as commander ot the Virginia Forces,
1>art »• Let \ ers imd other 1 a P ora rulat,n « t0 tha
American Revolution. .
Private Correspondence on Public Affairs*
Messages and Addresses,
Miscellaneous 1 rivutePapers,
^L Agricultural i apers.
It is very apparent lrom this statement, that this
work will contain a general, and indeed a v ery ex
tensive view of the life, actions, principle», ana
character of the illustrious author. I ln» anrnö
would secure it a degree ot popularity, which cart
scarcely be expected to meet with a rival publica
tion in this respect.
George Washington passed through a life lull
of incidents : a life of activity, of responsibility, of
unceasing industry, of unbounded anxiety, aud oitei!
of fearful dangers, without a stain. History scarce* 1
ly furnishes an instance of purer moral», ot mure
disinterested and elevated patriotism, or of mo
unblemished conduct in the most try dig scones
life, than his. As a military Chief, he has rarely
been surpassed ; as a statesman, lew have b
more distinguished ; none more usuiui or virtu<
We consider it of great importance to ln3
aswel! as to the country, and the world
should be thoroughly and perfectly known ; '»
cause we are satisfied that lie was as great at he. ,
in the secluded retirement and pursuits of p* >«?
and domestic life, as he was in the field a tu I ui the
cabinet. General Washington was made a great
man— lieras an honor to bis name, to his country;
and to the world.—Very few so m men have passed
over the stage of life. A crow n and u throne would
have added nothing to the splendor of his charac
ter ; and it is lit that the foundation of lus greatness
should he fairly exhibited to the view of mankind ;
in order that the envy and ill-nature—the nvam>««4
and depravity of parly spirit, which once vainly en
deavored to detract from his character, and under
value ids services, may be more thoroughly expos
ed, and more correctly estimated.
We have no doubt this work will meet with thd
most liberal encouragement. Every man that truly
the AUTHOR, and feels as grateful as hi;
life of Washington.
This work will be comprised in no less
Agricultural. • ,, , .
I* vo volume, entitled "Hints tor American nusliinilv
,,, . . . ,, , f ,, ,,- .
man." has lust been issued bv order of the Director*
, , ,, J i - , ; „f,.i v ; i
lo the Pennsylvania Agricultural society. Jlr con
I J „„ .
sists chien v of communications, ot a pmcti :al na
. i „ „ o , u
tare, to that society ; ami its worin is enhanced b?
„„ ..
I some v( i'v neat anil apiitopnale en^ravin^v
■ . • , .' 1 S J p...
scarce!v iu-ed to mention that a considt-i abi< »inn cv
! . , . * r . .. iv,. in j.,, 4 .r
; tunable nortiou ot itn content* is lrom ine ne.i «'*.
llalau ^ I . . .r
I Jam Hare rowel, bso. or our citv, wlio -ve pre
J nd
. 1 sume, has edited the work, and to WDom Amel icfiil
^ in , be mos , cmnprehensive sense, is sa
- indebte( |. His intelligence,/., -ai and success
-1 vari(1U9 departments of husbandry, must m>
f , lim foe'regard and gratitude, not oiily frf
b f a „ |r f olic citliens whö'ürt«
{h blic Usefu i nes3 of agricultural pur
T|)e ^ tfl()ica treate d 0 fj n this V olUlHS
art .—>f e at Cattle; Sheep; Crops and Manures!
Substitutes for Hay; Grass Lands; Art of Bree
ding, and Root Crops. Wo have marked a few öf
the papers, for the purpose of copying them hereaf*
ter into our first page, if we should find the opportu
nity of so doing ; they would be interesting to all
general readers. 'I he whole will no doubt) be efts
lung in tlie hands of most of the American country
gentlemen. Some of the original i rumnunicatiOhd
from England ; others from different States ot
our Union. [National Gazette.]
ought for the ben .-tits he has conferred on hi-' coun
try, will aval himself of the opportunity to procure
the present publication.
A valuable and handsome ofcfti-j
American Lace .—The attempts to manufacturé
Luce in this country to any extent, although of thej
j most recent origin, have nevertheless been crowned
with a success which promises to render us, at nDt
second'distant period, entirely independent of foreig'ft
eountriesfor die supply of this costly article of drees.
j Several lace factories have lately sprung upin Rltodd
j Island, the principal of which is at Newport; It
employs 600 persons, principally females, -who man
ufacture veils, caps, pelerines, and indeed, laces of
all descriptions. The taste and ingenuity display
e d in the fabrication of those articles are highly
spoken of.
Inoculation for the taeazle*. which has been aims
dv practised with success by Home and Hurst,
repeated bv Professor Speranza, during an epidemic
at Mantua,'in 18-22. In each of seven cases, thfr
meazle* appeared in a utiltl and regular forttvi

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