"EiiYiteA. Vg Äl. BvnMtml.— -Y ïvuUmA. andl'uYiVisVu'Akg \v. Toxtex* &Son, iVo. 9*1, 2Niarket-Streek WvYHvYnglon.
TUESDAY, JYovember 6, 1827.
October 18, 1827.
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r ■> ° J *
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N'ihuington, Del. Qct. 26, 1827,
. f'rom the United States Gazette.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Mr. Buchanan, Mr. Isacks and Major Eaton have
thought proper to bring my name before the public,
as that of a person implicated, or in some way con
cerned, in an attempt to induce General Jackson to
give a certain pledge, or pledges as to à certain ap
pointment it would be his duty to make in the event
of his election as President of the United States.—
One consequence of the publications of these gen
tlemen has been that they, have given rise to a tor
rentof abuse and calumny, which has been directed
against me. It is not however for the purpose of
averting this polluted stream, or of noticing those
who have cast in their mite of slander that 1 sit
down. My object is of a higher nature ; a desire to
do myself justice, and, so far as my best recollection
and judgement, shall permit, to spread the truth and
the whole truth before my fellow citizens. I do not
hope by any thing I can say, however satisfactory
and conclusive, to propitiate any of my enemies,
personal or political ; nur shall I, for that, or any
other, purpose, turn from a full and fair axamination
of such parts of the letters of the gentlemen who
have imposed upon me this unpleasant duty. As re
lates to myself, I could have wished to have been
snared this appeal, but it is no longera matter of
choice. I might have been persuaded to per
mit the errors and inaccuracies of Air. Buchanan
and Mr. Isacks, arising from a want of recollection,
to pass unnoticed ; and,from a desire to be at peace
I might even have been contented to over look their
unkindness; but, when Major Eaton, on their shew
ing, presumes to cal! me "the negotiator," in what
he represents to be a corrupt transaction,! am impe
ratively bound to speak, and 1 will speak that which
l do know to be true. Let the blame and condem
nation, fall where it ought ; where it is merited, but
not on me.
If these were not motives sufficiently powerful,
If these were not motives sufficiently powerful,
there is another which would determine me. An
effort is making by the use, and the abuse, of my
name, to wound the characters of some ot our ablest
and most exalted citizens, and by accusations which
1 believe to be unfounded and in which I am cer
tain I bore no part, to sink them in public estima
tion; to cast them down from the height which they
have, honourably attained and in their places to put
those whom I regard as having adopted princi pies
and avowing a determination to pursue a course
of policy, which I have no doubt would greatly af
fect the prosperity, and happiness of the State of
Pennsylvania and of the whole Union.
That I was originally friendly to the election of
General Jackson to the Presidency I do not deny.
My feelings of gratitude towards him for his milita
ry service to this country remain, and ever shall re
main unchanged. 1 voted fur him in the Democra
tic Caucus of 1824. As a representative of Penn
sylvania, I subsequently not only gave him my
vote, hut used my best exertions, by every fair and
honorable means, to promote his election to the
Presidential Chair. The united exertions of his
friends having failed to effect his election, I was not
of those who felt it a duty, or thought it proper,
immediately to unfurl the standard of opposition
without knowing the principles and the policy
of the men who were to be called to assist in
administering the Government of the Union:—be
cause I had been defeated, by a constitutional mn
jority of the States, in my desire to have General
Jackson elected, it did not seem to me that I was cal
led upon to resist, embarrass and overthrow the new
Administration whether it should be right or wrong.
[ thought it my duty as a representative of the peo
pie, and aft a citizen, patiently to wait and see what
would be the general character of Air. Adams' Ad
ministration and what would be the complexion of
his cabinet. When I ascertained that he had taken
to his aid such able and experienced advisers as Mr.
Clay, Mr. Rush, Mr. Southard, and Air. Barbour,
identified with the republican institutions of our
country, in peace and in war ; men who had enjoy
ed the confidence of the republican Administrations
of Air. Jefferson, Mr. Madison and Mr. ALmroe ;
men who had long acted and were incorporated with,
the great democratic family of the Union, I did not
/eel myself at liberty to doubt what-Hwould be the
character and policy ofMr. Adams'Administration.
I considered that in these appointments a pledge
was given to the Nation that the policy which had
been pursued under former Administrations would
be pursued under the present. I determined there
fore that as a representative of the people and as
ol the people I would not permit my partialities,my
disappointments or my prejudices to get the better
of my judgment and patriotism, liu't that I would
judge the Administration by its measures. If it
continued to support and sustain those that sustain
ed a system which promotes a national prosperity,
American manufactures, Internal improvements and
commerce ; and to cherish peace and administer the
government with a due regard to economy, it should
receive cordial and hearty support.
receive my cordial and hearty support.
The hitter end of December 1824,1 believe, but
cannot with absolute certainty say. it was on the
30th,;my friend Mr. Buchanan called to see me in
the evening at my boardinghouse. I happened to
be alone in my room lie sat with me a considera
ble length oftime; our conversation turned, princi
pally. oil the then pending Presidential election.—
Mr. B. commenced by stating that he felt great so
licitude for the election of Gen. Jackson and that
his friends should use every honorable means to pro
mote it; to which 1 replied that I heartily united with
him in opinion. Mr. Buchanan adverted to the
rumours which were allow., that the friends of Air
Adams were holding out the idea that in case he
should be elected Mr. Clay would probably be of
fered the situation of Secretary ol State, and that in
case General Jackson was elected he would appoint
or continue Mr. Adams, Secretary ol State. 1 told
Mr. Buchanan I thought such a report was calculat
ed to do the General a great deal of injury, and if it
were not well founded it ought tobe contradicted,
amt mentioned further that there was great plausi
tiility in such reports,and their receiving credit, par
ticularly that which represented General Jackson as
having determined if he should be elected that he
would continue Mr. Adams, Secretary of State,inas
much as Mr. Adams had been one ol his ablest de- to
fenders and advocates in his repurt sustaining Gen- what
eral Jackson against the charges which were prêter- these
red against him for his conduct in relation to the Se
minore war. «cts
Mr. Buchanan stated that he had written to, the
or received a letter from a mutual friend of ours in
Pennsylvania, on the subject of the Presidential with
élection. and cabinet appointments, and that he had see,
determined to call upon the General himself, or to My
get Major Eaton, to mention to him the reports that it
were in circulation, and obtain if he could aeon- the
tradiction of them. Air. B. also asked if 1 had seen
Mr. Clay, and whether 1 had had any conversation
with him touching the Presidential election. I re- the
plied that I had seen him in the House, but had had SO
no conversation with him on that subject, but said 1
anxious to getan opportunity to have a conver- vl
sation with him, as I felt a great anxiety that he l
should vote with Pennsylvania. Mr. Buchanan re
plied that no one felt more anxious, for various rea
sons, than he did himself; that it was important, not
onlv as it regarded the success of General Jackson's H
election that Mr. Clay should go with Pennsylvania,
hut on account of his ulterior political prospects :
declaring that he (Mr. B.) hoped one day to see
Mr. Clay President ot the United States, and that
was another reason why he should like to see him of
Secretarv of State, in case Gen. Jackson was elec- gu
ted ; and' that if he was certain thatMr. Clay's views
were favourable to General Jackson's election he
would take an opportunity of talking to the General tb
on the subject, or get Major Eaton to do so ; that he
thought by doing so he would coulera particular
benefit on his country, and that he could see no- an
thing wrong in it. Air. Buchanan urged me to t j
use no delay in seeing Mr. Clay. I told him I would,
and accordingly called upon Mr. Clay at his hoard
ing house. I think the evening after this conversa
tion, but he was notât his lodgings. I called to see
him again, but he had some of his friends with him, ;
and Iliad no opportunity of conversing with him,nor
had I ever any conversation with him until the even
ing of the 10th or 11th of January prior to my leav- •
ing Washington for Pennsylvania to attend the
courts in Montgomery county. The conversation 1 s
then had with him was of a very general character ;
no mention was made of Cabinet appointments.and
I did not ascertain which of the candidates Mr. Clay •„
would support. I have no recollection of any thing
being said in the conveisation with Mr. Buchanan
about the friends of Mr. Clay moving in concert at
the election; I however distinctly recollect that we
botli expressed an anxious hope the W est would
not separate from Pennsylvania—l have no recol
lection whatever of having urged Mr. B. to see Gen.
Jackson, although 1 concurred in the propriety ol
his suggestion that he should call to see him ; nor
have I the faintest recollection ot any tiling being
said about fighting Mr. Adams' friends with their
If any such expressions were used
rom t îe re
I am very certain it was not by me.
collection 1 have of the conversation to which Air.
Buchanan has reference, in his letter to the public,
of the 8th of August last, my impressions are that
the object of his visit that evening was to urge the
propriety of my seeing Mr. Clay, and to give him
my views as to the importance of his identifying
himself with Pennsylvania in support of General
Jackson. I entertained no doubt that Air. Bucha
honestly determined that no exertions on
his part should be wanting, and that he felt confi
dent he could speak with certainty as to the great
mass of General Jackson's friends, that, in case of
the election of Gen. Jackson, they would press up
him the appointnientof Air. Clay as Secretary of
Mr. Buchanan concurred with me in opinion that
Pennsylvania would prefer Mr. Clay's appointment
to that of any other person as Secretary of Slate,
and from the obligations the (General was under to
, Pennsylvania, that he would go far to gratify her
i wishes and that therefore he believed the General,
if elected, would appoint Air. Clay. 1 have thus
given the conversation substantially as it took place
as the one Mr. B. has reference to in his letter to
the public of the 8th of August last,
versation of rather a general and promiscuous cha
racter in which we both participated. It is upwards
of two years since that conversation took place, and
considering it of a private and confidential charac
ter, I made no minute of it, nor did l ever expect it
would have been given to the public,
what remarkable that two years and more should
have elapsed.,Alr. Buchanan and myself boarding to
gether at the same house during the two last ses
sions of Congress, during which period we had ma
ny conversations on the subject of the Presidential
election, as well as on public and private matters,
vet, not once, in all that time did my friend Mr. Bu
chanan ever advert to the conversation which lie has
ntly thought himself called upon to give as hav
ing taken place between us.
1 cannot avoid thinking it somewhat singular that
Mr. B. should have been so reserved towards me,
particularly as Duff Green had been furnished with
a statement in October, 1826, of wbathad passed
between General Jacksorf*and myself, and that a
statement had also been furnished to him by Major
Eaton in August, 1826, as to the purport of the con
versation between himselt and Air. Hue lu: nan. T hat
It was a con
It is some
these movements should haTe taken place, and that
there should have been no concert improperly to
drag me into this business; and yet that under all
these circumstances Mr. B. should have been silent
towards me, and that he should think proper to in
troduce to the public a detailed conversation itt
which lie makes me say all and himselt little or no
thing—a conversation totally unnecessary for the
purpose of sustaining an individual acting, as.he pro
tests he always acted, on) his own authority—does
and probably will to the public, seem some
it gives me pain to think oF
emanated from a
these things, especially as haying , ,. f
person to whom I feel obligations of iriei dship
«cts ol kindness, and in whose friendship I reposed
the most unlimited confidence,
The succeeding morning after the conversation
with Air. Buchanan, I met Mr. lsaacks, ot t enues
see, in the Hall of the House oi Representatives,
My recollection does not enable me to state whether
it was at his seat, or in the lobby, or on the sola, at
the right hand as you go into the door.
1 may here be permitted to remark, that Mr.
lsaacks being a native of Montgomery county, fra.)
the district 1 represented in Congress, he early
SO ught inv acquaintance in the session of 1823 and.
1824, and had many conversations with me of a pn
vl ,t e character, in relation to himself, and in which
l took an interest, and to the best of my ability and
opportunities laithtully served him. These con
versations necessarily produced an intimacy and
friendship which frequently brought us together,
H nd even into the habit of tree, lriendly and unre
served conversation. r l he conversation which he
represents to havetakeu place between us is incor
redly reported ; he assuredly misapprehended or
much misrepresented me. I rom the general tenor
of his statement this however does not appear sin
gu i ar . He seems, from his narrative, to have paid
more regard to our relative positions, at the several
meetings, to which he has reference, than to even
tb e su bstance of what passed between us, relying
tipon tbe recollection of Air. Buchanan as to dates,
That there was a conversation between Mr. Isucka
an j (() yself, on the subject of the Presidential elec
t j on> lbe n , 0 rning after Mr. Buchanan had called to
see me, I perfectly well remember, and I have no
doubt rhiit in the course of that conversation wa
agree d t | la t Gen. Jackson's prospects of au election
were f ac t we both expresed ourselves anx
; ous f or bis success. I distinctly recollect Mr. 1s
acks remarking that much would depend on the
courPe jq,., clay's friends would take, and express
• b j g bube f ti,at they would act with us. 1 repli
ft( i that 1 sincerelv hoped they would go with Penu
1 s ,,] V!m ; a) an( [ that in the event of Geueral Jackson's
; a [ ecl j oni | f e lt confident that nothing would be more
t0 p euns , [vimia than to see Air. Clay np
•„ 0 ; nte j Secretary of State. Mr. Isacks replied that
|,e was his second choice for President; that lie
w()11 |j be b ; g jj rs t choice, if General Jackson was
at e | ec j et j to be appointed Secretary of State, and
we he had frequently expressed himself tothat ef
j bave n0 reC ollection of having said to Mr.
lgack8that j wished to see Air. Eaton, nor did I*
w ; t b more than ordinary interest and earnestness,
ol . • t t hat General Jackson, if elected, ought to ap
00 :' llt jj r . Clay.
be al ,p are nt that before I or any one could
h e used the strong language imputed to me, that
^ indispensible that it should be distinctly un
(Jerstoo[ j tbal jfl r> lsaacks was authorised, by General
Jackson, to receive propositions to promote his
election. Of this 1 had no evidence, nor enter
tained any opinion, nor did I at any time, or to any
the strong language imputed to me by Air.
1 well remember that, at the lime we both
believed, and expressed
Jackson was elected, and he could not be elected
without the aid of Mr. Clay and his friends, that ho
would be appointed Secretary of State.
Mr. lsaacks declared his belief, in which 1 concur
red, that a large portion of the western delegation,
from the unreserved conversation we had had on
the subject, wished Air. Clay to be Secretary of
State, in which desire they were joined by a large
portion of the delegation from other states friendly
to General Jackson's election. It is indeed a well
known fact, that amongst the friends of all the can
didates there was much speculation on the subject,
much was said unreservedly and with much zeal and
the subject of cabinet appoint
belief, that if General
good humour on
ments, that if this, or that, candidate succeeded to the
Presidency, the general voice was raised in favour
of, and the general eye always fixed upon, that dis
tinguished statesman and inflexible republican Hen
ry C'lay, as the first officer of the government ; and
1 now sincerely believe, that whichever ofjthe can
didates had been elected, lie would have had the
offer of the most prominent situation in the cabinet,
that which he now holds under Air. Adams.
It has repeatedly been stated, that I was the agent
as Major Eaton is pleased to say, the " nego
ciator"of'Mr. Clay, authorised to make propositions
or ask a pledge of a conditional character, for the
vote of Mr. Clay, and his friends. I do now solemn
ly and positively declare that the charge and insinu
ation are void of truth. I never did, either direct
ly or indirectly, receive from Air. Clay or his friends,
any intimation which could be construed even by
political rancour, into such a commission, or any
thing even remotely approaching toit. Had any
such agency, by any one, been tendered, 1 should
have indignatnly rejected it. I will go further and
state that never did I in the course of any conversa
ith Air. Clay hear him say, or express a desire,
that in the event of the election of Gen. Jackson,
Mr. Adams, or Mr. Crawford, that he should wish to
be Secretary of State, or bold any station in the ca
binet. Further, 1 never have to any one, at any time,
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