VüiteAVs M. BvatVïorA.—VïîiitpA ftnA rübYisW&ATuj SI. Poïtpr & Son, îfo. Wl, MaïScct-Stneet, Wilmington.
FUIëttd I* JYovember 9, 1827.
Persons wishing any sort of Printing done, with
fcelitnesB, accuracy, and dispatch ; Advertisements
Inserted, or Subsoiuttions paid where there are
Age.nts appointed in their neighbourhood to re
fceivethem, will please apply, ordireetto It. Porter
L,| Sou, No. 97, Market Street, Wilmington.
All communications, not of the above character,
n i addressed to M. Bradford, Editor of the Dela
ware Journal, Wilmington.
Plus arrangement is made for the more regular
I prompt execution of business.
O JUSTICES OF THE PEACE.
THE Justices of the Pence in the several counties
if tins State are hereby requested to make their re
urns of the lines, imposed by them, also the names
if tue Constables, who had the collection of said
Those Justices of the Peace, who hare neglected
o make their returns for several years past, are re
[uested to make a return ot all the tines imposed by
hern since their last return
Attention to this notice is requested, as a report
sill he made to the Legislature of all those who rieg
ect to make their report according to Law.
Also the Road Commissioners of the County of
Kew-Castle, w ho have not made their returns of the
Expenditures on Roads and Bridges, in their respec
tive hundred for the year of 1826, are requested to
furvvard them as soon ns convenient.
Auditor of Accounts State of Delaware.
Oct. 31 st, 1827
A Sum-Annual Meeting of the " Medical So
llt y of Delaware ,> will take place at Cantwell's
Jh'idge, on Tuesday 13th of November next, at
ID o'clock, A. M. Punctual and early attendance
if die members fro n each County is particularly re
juesied, as business of general interest will come he
Middletown , Oc(. 31st, 1827.
CUTHBEIIT S. GREEN, Sec'y.
Nov. 1, 1827.
THE Directors of the Bank of Smyrna, have this
lay declared a dividend for the last six months, at
[he rate of six per cent a year : the same will be
paid on or after the 8th Inst. By Order,
S. H. HODSON, Cashier.
NINE Shares of Kennet Turnpike Stock,
uiro ai the office of the Journal.
Just received and for sale here, The AtlanticSou
■ueiiir, a beatiful Christmas and New-Year's Pre
■sent, handsomely boarded, with gilt leaves, and en
■closed in an elegant ornamented case. This is be
Hheved to be one of the most splendid little works of
■taste ever published in this country ; it contains 15
■elegant engravings, descriptive of Cats Kill tails, Ti
■eonderoga, Delaware Water Gap, Bournouese War
Hrior, Moonlight, &.C. Sic. &c.
■ Nov. 6. R. PORTER & SON.
■ JUST PUBLISHED,
MAnd for sale at .Vo. 97, Market-Street, Wilmington,
I TVyg Columbian. Almanac,
■ Containing in addition to the usual Astronomical
■ Calculations. Tables, iic. il,c> Courts of the United
■ Slates, and of Delaware and Maryland ; a great va
■riety of profitable and pleasing miscellaneous mat
Jter, among which is—
A Sailor's humorous ride in a milk-cart,
Y aukey resolution in saving the mail,
Ingenious defence of a thief,
Dreams and signs interpreted,
Method of un-marrying the unhappy,
D Dilution ofa Drunkard,
A lutte ivijrld,
Old maids, their unmentionable troubles,
Account ofa novel courtship,
Anecdote of Paddy and his game cock,
J he Irishman and his pig, k.c. &c. &.c.
Wonderful discoveries of the Microscope,
Humorous account ofa l'enn'a. Battalion Day,
Washington's army saved by a Quaker lady.
Ode to the gout,
RECEIPTS for curing the Gravel, curing Wens,
hiakieg caudles, removing grease spots from clothes,
■»'eats, &c. &c. Sic.
■ The above Alma
preserving pickles, preserving
mac, with an extensive assortment
■»f others, German and English for sale by the Cross
■w Dozen, at the most reduced prices.
■ R. PORTER & SON.
V s The pamphlet respecting the Kremer affair, and
we history of Gen. Jackson's accusations against
Mr. Olay, Sic. i^c just received and for sale by the
Publishers, No. 97, Market-Streeü
A quantity 0 f g 00 j Wrapping Paper, laige and
just received. .
R. PORTER & SON.
From the London Eclectic Review,
« ? -i-ravs* «V
- ÜsïvJMà. _tlie
ON WHEAT TURN1NU i'U CHEAT.
Sou th-Carulina Au"ust 2G 182 T .
Mr. Skinner, ° '
SlR Having seen in your paper. No 15, some
remarks by a fariner of Frederick county, Va. reia
tive to cheat in wheat ; and giving 1rs opinion that
wheat does not turn to cheat, I have thought proper
to offer you an experimental fact, and if you think
it merits a place in vour useful paper, you can «ivo
it one. In the year" 1823. my crop of wiieat had in
it a considerable quantity of cheat, which I was at a
loss to account lor. as I had seen none the preceding
year; but in order to clear my wheat from cheat
entirely, as l thought, 1 selected from the best part
of my crop some of the best bundles, and carefully
separated all the cheat from the wheat before it was
threshed ; this work was not entrusted to servants,
or (o any other person but myself; I was, therefore,
perfectly satisfied that no cheat was left with the
wheat; this wheat was seeded separate from any
other; but when it became of such size as to dis
tinguish it from the cheat, and from that time uutd
it matured, I could not perceive any difference in
the qumitlty of cheat, there appeared to be as much
with that produced from the seed i had heensocare
ful to separate the cheat from, as in that from other
seed; 1 am, therefore, of opinion, that from some
cause unknown, wheatdoes turn tocheat. A. P.
BY J AMES LDMEBTON, U
Where can I go from Thee**
All present Deity !
Nature, and I irae* and Thought, thine impress bear :
Through earth, or sea, or sky,
Though fUr afar !—I fly,
1 turn, and find Thee present with me there,
The perfume of the rose,
And every flower that blows,
All mark thy love, in clusters of the
The corn that crowns the field«,
The fruits the garden yields,
Proclaim the bounties that can never fail.
The vapour and the cloud,
The Thunder bursting loud.
Speak of Thy majesty in words of flame 5
The ocean as it jouhj,
Lushing tue l'wcks and shores,
Declares from what a mighty hand it came.
The vasty globes that roll,
Kacli on its o.vn firm pole,
Through all the boundless fields of space alone»
Prove that indeed Thou art,
The life-wheel and the heart,
Of systems to our little world unknown,
Prom Thee I cannot fly ;
'Thine all observing eye,
M,.i ks the minutest mom of Thy reign ;
How far s./er 1 go,
Thou all my path would'st know,
And bring the wanderer to this earth again.
Tînt why should I depart ?
* l is safety where Thou art :
And Could om* spot Thy being hold,
• 1, poor, and vain, and weak,
Tnat sacred spot would seek,
And dwell within Hie shelter of Thy fold ?
Washington, April 30, 1827.
Sir: —Give this a place in your Farmer. "As
soon as trees are taken up, dip their roots in a pud
dle of cow dung and loam, which preserves their
fibres from the intluence of the air."
When this practice is adopted in the winter seas
on, the plants may he sent to any distain e, or kept
out of the ground for weeks, without the slightest in
Y ou may transplant trees in the heat of summer
by this precaution, and with perfect success. Sin
J. S. Skimier, Esq.
PRESERVATION OF CABBAGES.
The London Monthly Magazine gives the follow
ing method by which the Portugues preserve cab
bage on board their ships. The cabbage is cut so
as to leave about two inches or more of the stem at
tached to it ; after which the pith is scooped out to
to about the depth of an in.h, care oeing taken not
wound or bruise the rind by this operation,
cabbages then are suspended by means of a cord,
tied round that portion of the stem next the cabbage,
and fastened at regular intervals to a rope across
the decks. That portion of the stem from whicli
the pith is taken, being uppermost, is regularly fill
ed with water during very long voyages. ftTie same
method might be advantageously adopted in private
Be very careful to gather all punctured or decay
ed fruit, whether on your trees or on the ground, and
give them to your hogs. If you do not, the worms
which they contain, and which have been the cause
of their premature decay, will make their escape
into the ground, and you will find the evils which
await their visitations will increase upon you another
To the Editor of the Georgetown Colombian, and
As the common Fox grape and other large grapes
are now ripe, and other wild grapes will be ripen
ing in succession until after frost, I wish to draw
the attention of our farmers and others to this ob
ject. 1 am led to do this, as there is not one per
son in one hundred thousand that knows or has any
idea of the advantages we possess at the present
There are thousands if not tens of thousands of
bushels of wild grapes of various kinds, now grow
ing in the different sections of our country, each
bushel of which will make front two to three gal
Ions of wine; much better than the wretched stuff
import«! in wood called Claret and other '"•rot-gut"
mpurled i vines of low prices.
i had some Fox grapes gathered for experiment,
from vvuere they grow naturally; after bruising them
and straining them through a thin piece of muslin, he
1 tried specific gravity, and found it to be 1,055, ar
which was the average of three different wines, and !
which is equal to one pound four ounces of the sweet to
prmciples that is[sugar] to a gallon of the juice or
To make Wine of Wild Grapes.
Gather the grapes when ripe and bruise them with
a mallei, or in any other way, just to crack the skin in
is sufficient, hut take care not to bruise the seeds—
and when the grapes are bruised, put them into an
open headed cask or tub, but do not fill it more than of
two-thirds lull, where they are to remain from one, as
to two or three days, according to the temperature
ot the weather, or until the pulp or colouring matter,
is dissolved, lhe skins and seeds will have risen
to the surface and the wine is to be drawn off by a
hole made within one or two inches of the bottom:
the wine will run oft tolerably clear, but have a hair "
sieve to let it run through to catch any thing that ed
may run nil with the wine—and when you have the
wine drawn oft, add sugar to your taste, or it is a
better way to add sug. r until a fresh eggswims,just
so that the upper edge is even with the surface of
the must; and as soon as it is dissolved, put it into
a clean rask well fumigated with a sulpher match
a , bu,1 8 R U P tjgm/ borea small gimblet hole near
bung, into which puta peg, not so tight hut a lit
tie air may escape to keep the cask from bursting,
* u akuut dlree weeks, drive the peg in tight, and it
is not necessary to look at it again until the first
T' ■ 11 Dl r" ce,nl,t ' r ' wllen ln n > nfi caäks out of ten,
the u' ne , " e P er,ect J fi ". e and bright; you need
n0t - u , r an . v . "Ppieliension about fermentation,
? S '•, w " on . lts own way, and nature wiil per
Ier , ce *?, , best . m ? n ner l lus,lble - .
Un a . c ear c t . ' eari . v ,n December examine
y " ur î v,n f' r an " 111 nl , ne ca . s ? s ou .*,°f tttn l } ' vil1 b, '
col "l • ,- v fe ™ el >ted, and it will be perfectly fine
1 he " rack it off into a clean cask, fu
tnl e ated with a sulpher match, and m the month of
, , to " owl "S* rack 11 again as above—■and it it
!? ou u"? 1 be ,.P el ' fect Nfine,_tine it with [if red wine]
rr n ., eS ot e * KS 'T , ' ' vhlte . vvlne \ ' v,ta mllk - .
.,,5 1 If 8 ? 0 P e,, ation9 are done with proper care,it
tlcn be incorruptible and last for an age, or ages
'' " eces8al > . . . . _ , , ,
1 am iel ' e speaking of the Fox and other larger
S ra Ç C8 - . , , , „
,• . the Sma Her grapes are used, such as the fall or
ll ' os f S^P® 801 ' ' ,thers ; us the chicken or pigeon, which
ar f, f 11 of seeils a,ld ka . v ? a tlllck clammy juice, it
, be . n eces»a r y to add from one gallon to a gallon
f"!- a "" ?■! " a , to , bush . el ,d S'apes, either
^ ef " re '> r after they me bruisotl, the grapes, to be
r! , , neasu, i ed m llie c ll " !,ter I >lJt tl,e "'uterto them
a little mote th.iw milk warm, and rub them well
with the hand, then put them into a cask or tub as
above mentioned, and follow the directions given for
the manufacture ot the Fox grape wine. In rub
bing them with your hands, it is very easy to get
most ot the stems oft the grapes, and if seperated,
will make a neater wine.
" here you have not the means of getting the in
struments for ascertaining the specific gravity of the
must of lhe grape, and you wish a wine to keep for
an indefinite length ot time, the way is to add sugar
to the must slowly, and dissolve it until a fresh laid
egg swims, so tlut the upper edge is just even with
the surface ol the must ot the grapes, which will
tlien be equal to about three pounds uf the sweet
principlc, [sugar:] to the gallon; where there are
but two pounds of the swei-t principle in the gallon,
it will make a wine that ought to be drank within
the twelvemonth following. But foryourgrog bruis
ers, whisky, rum. and Madeira drinkers, who drink
for the -intoxicating quality and not for theflavor
it will be necessary to add from three to four gallons
ot brandy to the barrel of wine.—With four gal Ions
of brandy to the barrel, that wine which has but two
pounds of the sweet principle to the gallon, will
suit, most vitiated tastes best. _
Ihere is now a sufficien t quantify of the wild
chicken and frost grapes within half a mile of my
home to make a pipe ot wine, and I should suppose
thaUu if/oii gomery county, which joins the District
ot Colombia, there are wild grapes sufficient, if they
were all gathered, to make between one and 200
pipes, otherwise they will be lelt to fall and rot on |
the ground, or he eaten by the birds—and in the j
vvhole state of Maryland, there is now at this pres-1
ent moment, enough of wild grapes on the vines to
make two thousand pipes of wine, and many of the
other states would produce as much: which wuuld
he worth, if properly manufactured, from fifty to
one hundred cents the gallon.
September 24, 1827.
P.S. I have always observed that the wild grapes
are infinitely more abundant in slatey, gravelly,
sandy and other poor land, than on the rich lime
Cider, says the National Gazette, is selling in
Massachusetts for sixty cents a barrel,
quired ol several persons on Saturday who were on
the cider-stand with their wagons full, all of whom
asked two dollars a barrel.
From the National Journal.
THE SIX MILITIA MEN.
, , , ... ,
The ,aw and the facts whlch relate t0 lhe execU '
tlon of ,he s,x militiamen by order of Gen- Jackson,
their term of service had expired, appear to
he imperfectly understood by some, and those who
ar ? «^ployed to whitewash Gen. Jackson have
! taken advantage of this defectiveness ot knowledge
to involve the public mind in a deeper mist of er
ror on thls sub j ect - 1118 tlme that those outrages
on truth, and those abuses of public confidence, on
the P art of those who iel J on falsification and mys
tery for the attainment of their ends, should be met
ami corrected ; and that the people should he put
in possession of a simple and accurate Statement of
the whole affair.
For the purpose of producing a clear conception
of the subject, we first of all quote the charge itself,
as it is given in the report of the Nashville Commit
tee, dated April 25, 1837". " He is charged with
having caused the execution of six militiamen, ior
crimes committed after their term of service had
The conviction of the men for " mutiny" and
" conniving at mutiny," by a court martial compos-
ed of three regular members and two supernumera-
ries, and their execution, are established by extracts
certified by Andrew J. Donnelson, "copied from
the original proceedings of the Court," which he
had received from " Col. Robert Butler, late Adju-
tant General of the Southern Division," and by the
order issued by command ot Gen. Jackson on the
23d of January, 1815, for the execution, four days
after its promulgation atMnbile. Of those proceed
ings there is no trace on the records of the War De
partaient, (the only document filed there being the
general order above referred to,) although the fol
lowing clause in the Articles of War expressly pro
vides that proceedings ofconrts martial shall be trans
milted to the Department for preservation :
" Art 90. Every judge Advocate, or person offi
ciating as such at any general court martial shall
transmit, with as much expedition as the opportum
ty "f time and dis.unce of place can admit, the ori
ginal proceedings and sentence of such court mar
tial, to the Secretary of War, which said original
proceedings and sentence shall be carefully kept
and preserved in the office of said Secretary, to the
end that the persons entitled thereto may me ena
bled, upon application to the said office, to obtain
Instead of being thus transmitted, we find the
proceedings in the hands of one of the family of
General Jackson, a circumstance which at once
proves the violation of the Article of War, and war
rants the inference that such violation was risked to
-.reserve the character of General Jackson from the
elfect of any future investigation,
The cruelty of tile act could only be met by pal
liatives, and those have been plentifully, but very
unsuccessfully, administered by the editors of the
General ; hut the illegality ot it has been encoun
tered by a direct denial. The editor of the Tele
graph at once hazarded the declaration " that the
Tennessee militia were mustered into service for
six months." In reply to this the Democratic
Press refers the editor of the Telegraph to the War
Department for evidence that Gov. Blount made
application to Mr. Madison that the term of the mi
litia service "should not exceed three months,"
&c. and that Mr. Madison "directed that they
should serve only that time." The Democratic
Press has committed an error in making this on -
respondence between Gov. Blount and Mr. MaGi
son refer to the militia whose term of service expir
ed on the l9th of September, 1814. It had reler
encetoa given period. In order to test the legaii
ty of the act, we proceed to a statement of the se
vend laws relating to the militia when called into
The law which provides " for calling forth the
militia," and which lias never been repealed, bears
date Feb. 28, 1795, and the 4th section of this law
"That no officer, non-commissioned officer, or
private, of the militia, shall he compelled to serve
more than three months after his arrivât at the place
of rendezvous, in any one year, nor more than in.
due rotation with every other able bodied man of the
same rank in the battalion to which lie belongs."
A law, temporary in its operation, and enacted
for a special purpose, was passed on the loth of
April, 1812, authorizing " a detachment from the
militia of the United States." This law authoriz
| ed a requisition upon the governors of the several
j States, fur their respective proportions of one iiun
dred thousand militia, officers included. The third
section of this act, which has been quoted by the
editor of the Telegraph as tile guide of the conduct
of Gen. Jackson in Jan. 1815, runs thus—
"And he it further enacted,that the said detach
ment shall not be compelled to serve a longer time
than six months after they arrive at the place of
The ninth section of the same act runs thus—
" Sec. 9. And he it further enacted, that this act
shall continue and be in force for the term of two
years from the passing thereof, and no longer."
The act consequently expired according to its
own limitation the tOth of April, 1814.
never re-enacted, nor was a provision similar to
that contained in the third section, and relied on by
lhe Telegraph to establish the legality of Gen.
Jackson's conduct, included in any subsequent law.
From the 10th to the 18th of April, i814, there
was no law providing lor calling out the Militia,
hut the act of 1795, to which we tirst referred.
On the 18th of April, 1814, the act "iiiaddi*
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