Tüditeii Vj *M. ByoMotA.— l'ruvted and YubYisVK'.&lyv H,. Tot let & Son, X
syï, àlarket-Strect, WWTÂÛngton.
'l'ï'tlSIF.I }*, JVovember 18, 183T.
' NOTICJ 3 .
_ mm. TIT-ACE
O JTJSTiti/isiii tea. XaiJU the
*t*The pamphlet respecting the Kremer affair, and
me history of Gen. Jackson's accusations against
Me. Clay, fac. 4*c just received and fur Bale by the
' ublishers, No. 9r, Market-Street.
Persons wishing any sort of Bkinting done, with
eatuess, accuracy, ami dispatch ; Advertisements
sorted, or Subscriptions paid where there are For
,10 Agents appointed io thair neighbourhood to re- As
'eivethertlnWill please apply, or direct to R. Porter An
nd Soil, No. 97, Market Street, Wilmington. : ^.
All communications not of the above character, •
0 bti addressed to .vi. Brailtord, Lditorol the Delà- *T|,
yare Joarnal, Wilmington. M is
' This arrangement is made for the more regular No
THE DELAWARE JOURNAL is pub- Yet
J * O'er
ishtll on Tuesdays and Fridays, at four dollars bave
annum s two dollars every six months in ad
i j- • i fi Then
M paper to be disconmucd 9 until ur- A n
tearages are paid. I The
Advertise, tents inserted 011 the usual terms —
Vilnllnr for four insertions of sixteen Morn
1 12 .• Une dollar for jour insirnuns oj sixteen An
\ines, Ulld SU ill proportion J or every number OJ Amt
kdditional lines and insertions. Yield
nd prompt execution of business.
Concord.-^Dt. Thomas Adams, P. M,
Bridoeville.—H enry-Cannon, B. M.
MilTon.—M r, Arthur Milby.
Frmtkford.—M r. Isaiah Long.
Dausboiiouou.—D r. Edward Dingle.
George Town.—M r. Joshua S. Layton.
Lewes—II. if. Rodney, P. M.
Milford.—M r. Joseph G. Oliver.
Frkdeiuca.—J. Emerson, P. M.
Camden.—T homas Wainwright, P. M.
John Robertson, Esq.
Samuel H. Hudson. Esq.
Sm v RNA
Cantwf.i.ls Bridge.—M anlove Hayes, P M.
Middletown.—T homas Harvy, P. M.
Summit Bridge.—J ohn Clement, P. M.
John Moreton, P. M.
THE Justices of the Peace in the several counties
I tbisStnte are hereby requested to make their re
imposed by them, also the names
bo had the collection of said
urns of the fin«
if the Constables, v,
Those Justices of the Peace, who have neglected
to make their returns for several years past, are re
(quested to make a return ot all the lines imposed by
them since their last return
Attention to this notice is requested, ns a report
will be made to the Legislature of all those who neg
lect to make their report according to Law.
Also the Road Commissioners of the County of
New-Castle, vviio have not made their returns of the
[expenditures on Roads anti Bridges, in their respec
tive hundred- for the year of Ui 26 , are requested to
I forward them as soon as convenient.
Auditor of Accounts State of Delaware.
Oci. Dis«, 1ÖS27.
Nov. 1 , 1827 .
THE Directors ofthe Bank of Smyrna, have this
day declared a dividend for the last six months, at
the rate of six per cent a year : the same will be
paid on or after the 8th Inst. By Order,
S. II. IIODSON, Cashier.
N1NF. Shares of Kennet Turnpike Stock,
quire at the office ofthe Journal.
•,2nd for sale at No. 97, Market-Street , Wilmington ,
TYte Co\\uxvbitu\ «\\mtmac
Containing in addition to the usual Astronomical
Calculations. Tables. &.c. the Courts ot the L nited
State«, and of Delaware and Maryland ; a great va
riety of profitable and pleasing miscellaneous mat
. among which is—
A Sailor's humorous ride in a milk-cart,
' unkey resolution in saving the mail,
Ingenious defence of a thief,
Dreams and signs interpreted,
Meflioil of un-marrying the unhappy,
Definition of a Drunkard,
A little world,
Old maids, their unmentionable troubles,
Account of a novel courtship,
Anecdote of Paddy and his game cock,
The Irishman and his pig, ic. fee. &c.
"oaderful discoveries ofthe Microscope,
Humorous account of a Penn'a. Battalion Day,
Washington's arnth, saved by «Quaker lady.
Ode to the gout,
RECEIPTS for curing the Gravel, curing Wens,
making candles, removing grease spots from clothes,
Neats, kc. &c. kc.
■T-Rs above Almanac, with an extensive assortment
preserving pickles, preserving
in and English for sale by the Gross
°r Dozen, at the most reduced prices.
R. PORTER & SON.
From Dr. M' Henry's " Waltham."
For meek N.ive'mbJ
THE li'CDSiW SUMMER.
i ici a. il b auteous shone the Uay,
;r smil'd as sweet as May !
As from aensenieiit E ^-n andnersnv,
An Iinliainsummor's nipt tin; charms admire,
^. l,ich Freedom's Ian . . an more serenely cheer.
• T.^^t^^^gav veXre a. w
*T|, e fad.d kavcalie aciittfi*' i
M is true, the maize, the pride of cultwrM fields*
No more ts hing'd and tass. l d grandeur yields;
No the w.Ul w.wbiers of t e earlier year,
From woodland coverts, liills and vallev cheer ï
Yet the hnghl -un a knuff,er • glory sheds,
O'er heaven s expanse a milder azure spreads,
bave when the ruddy morn, or balmy eye,
sr l r , < ' el ; t ' 3 of dowsy mist hissmdes receive,
Then flits lh ethereal irauze betöre the view,
A n ,i shows the moving scene in purple hue;
I The mountain glimmere through the prospect dim.
Hock,, woods, and Streams in fairy landscapes swim,
Morn sprightly zephyrs wanton m the shades,
An .t livelier wild-deer bound along the glades ;
Amt fresher springs than summer hea' allow,
Yield purer dews and sweeter murmurs now :
Now wandYmg birds in airy journeys rove,
And beasts, disporting, mar h in many a drove *,
All animation joys to be alive,
And djirig swarms a -weeter life revive !—
A sacred lee ling, grateful and serene,
At nature's chee ing gray, and feeding green,
O'e. man's pleas'd enlivening influence throws.
As oft life's lamp burns brighter at its close,
And much i feels this P misylvaman charm,
Whose snides the year's declining age can warm !
'i rthr lawn ;
r 7> .
From the Western Re view. m
SKETCH OF INDIAN CHARACTER.
In respect to the lesser morals, all savages in this
region are hospitable Even the enemy, whom they
would have sought and slain, far from the cabins,
who presents himself carelessly there, claims and re- 'j*
ceives their hospitality. They accord to the cabin
hearth the inviolability of an asylum, and the honors
and the sane nary of an altar. A great number of
instances are on record, of savages of hostile tribes,
obnoxious to the most deadly revenge •of partial! r
warriors, presenting themselves on a sudden before
those warriws. and opening their offered bosom to
the knife. This undaunted heroism often disarms so
not only the purpose of revenge, but, with deep
savage admiration, excites more generous feelings,
and brings about a reconcilation and permanent
peace between the contending tribes. That part
of our character which they are the last to under
stand and least prone to admire, that when our
People have received in their villages a lavish and
gratuitous hospitality, they, when returning the visit.
should find that, with us strangers are lodged in
We have, by no means the same plenary faith in
that tenacious remembrance of kindness, which
historians have almost universally ascribed to them,
as a trait nobly distinguishing them from other races,
We entertain very little reliance upon the consis
tenev of their friendship We consider them trea
chernus and fickle in the extreme ; early swayed
from the views and purposes of yesterday, and con
stantly disposed to pav their court to the divinity of
I fortune, and always ready to side with the
strongest.—Were we in their power, and fortune,
in reference to us, changing, we should make no
calculations for the morrow, upon their views and
purposestowards us to day.
They are well known for their voraciousness of
appetite. I hey endure hunger and thirst, as they
do suffering, pain, and death, with astonishing pa
tienceand constancy. .When they kill a deer, a
bear, or buffalo, alter a lung abstinence, they will
devour an enormous quantity of the flesh. Their
devoted and fatal attachment to ardent spirits is a
matter of melancholy notoriety. In all their conn
cils, talks, conferences with the officers of our Gov
ernment from Lake Erie to the Rocky Mountains,
their first and last request is whiskey. The feel
ings of honor and shame can be reached, in an Indian
bosom, upon every other point but this. Declaim
as we may against the use ot it, paint the ill effects
of it as strongly as we choose, speak with as much
contempt as we may of drunkards, their bestand
bravest still clamor for whiskey.
All words would be thrown away in attempting to
pourtray, in just colours, the effects of general
drunkenness upon such a race. It is, indeed, the
heaviest curse which thif.ir intercourse with the
whites has entailed upon them. Every obligation of
duty, as philanthropists and Christians, imposes up
on us every effort to prevent the complete and final
expiration of this ill fated race ; the inevitable con
sequence of their being allowed free access to the
liquid poison of whiskey. We have elsewhere ad
verted to the stern and rigorous prohibitions of the
Government, and the apparent fidelity with winch
these prohibitions are carried into effect. And yet,
in some way or ether, wherever Americans have
access, Italians have whiskey. It is understood
that the laws of the State Governments and the
Gencral Government are not exactly in coincidence
and concert upon the, subject of interdicting spirits
to the Indians. This state of things ought not to
exist. It is a fact of common notoriety .that, in the
States, they find much less difficulty, in procuring
whiskey than it, the Territories. The duties ofthe
States imperiously bind them to frame laws, and to
see them executed, in unison with the severest in
terdictions of the General Government, and to unite
with that to prevent these unhappy beings from ex
cercising their suicidal propensities.
It has been inferred, because they make it n point
not to express astonishment or curiosity in view of
nur improvements and arts, that they are destitute
ofthe feelin°-s of curiosity ; and, because they
the seem to hold them in contempt and disdain, that
they have no passion analogous to the cupidity,
vanity, or pride, of the whites. They are, un
qestionably, among the proudest beings in the world,
No people can generate the emphatic and character
istic sneer of pride quicker, or more strongly, on It
thoir countenances. It is their pride that induces
them to affect this indifference : for, that it is affect
ed we had numberless opportunities to discover. It the
is with them not only pride, but floculation, to hold
in seeming contempt things which they are aware
they cannot obtain and possess.
As regards their vanity, and that part of the
species upon which it is supposed to operate with
more force, we have not often had the fortune to
contemplate a young squaw at her toilette. But
from the studied arrangement of their calico jacket;
from the glaring circles of Vermillion on her plump
and circular face ; from the artificial manner in
which her hair of intense black, is clubbed iu a roll
of the thickness of a man's wrist; from the long to
time which it takes her to complete these arrange- ' n
ments, from the manner in which she minces, and <'
ambles, and pays off her prettiest airs, after she has
put on all her charms'—we should.ciearly infer that
dress and personal ornaments occupy the same por
tion of her thoughts that they do of the fashionable
women of civilized society.
A young Indian warrior is notoriously the most a
thorough going beau in the world. Bond street and
Broadway furnish no subjects tliat will undergo as 111
much crimping and confinement to appear in full
dress. We are confident that we have observed
such a character constantly occupied with his paints
m „| hw pocket glass full three hours, laving on his
colours, and arranging bis tresses, and 'contemplai
v 4 44 - i. .* c . ' ,
"W- lro,n tlm ° to t,me ' with visible satisfaction, the
progress of his growing attractions, ''hen he has
bim-hnd, the proud triumph of irresistible charms
'j* in his eye,—The chiefs and warriors m full
dress, have one, two, or three broad clasps oi
silver abuet their arms ; generally jewels m their
ears, and often in their nose, and nothing is more
common than to see a thin circular piece of silver,
r the size of a dollar, depending from their noses, a
little below their upper lip. Tins ornament, so
painfully inconvenient, as it is evidently to them
so horribly ugly and disfiguring, seems to be the ut
most finish of Indian taste. Painted Porcupine quills
are twisted in their hair. Tails of Animals hang
from their hair behind,or from the point where they I
vere originally appended to the animal. A necklace
of bear's or alligator's teeth, or claws of the bald
eagle, bang loosely down, and an interior and small
er circle of large red beads, or, in default of them.
1 rosary of red hawthorns surrounds the neck.
in From the knees to the feet, the logs are ornanionied
with great numbers of little perforated cylindrical
in pieces of silver or brass, that emit a simultaneous
pieces of silver or brass, that emit a simultaneous
tinkle, as the person walks. If to all this he add
an American hut, anil n soldier's coat of bine, faced
with red, over the customary calico shirt, of the
gaudiest colours that can be found, he lifts his feet
high, and steps firmly on the ground, to give his
tinklers an uniform and full sound, and apparently
considers his person with as much complacency as
the human bosom can be supposed to feel. This is
a very curiailed view of an Indian bean. But every
reader, competent to judge, will admit in fidelity, as
tar as it gops to the dsscription of a young Indian
warrior over the whole Mississippi valley, when
prepared to take part in a public dance.
g trani , ea8 j t may ge0m ()Ur Atlantic readers,
j.| le a j a | lt () p glIcb an Indian is almost*«» rare a spec
ta C Je in this citv rUincinnat il as in Philadelphia or
j}, )g , on .—But so many faithful prints of Indian
fleures mid costume have recen I v been presented to
^ b lic, that most of those who have not seen the
| lvin , r sub j Pctj | lave t!ie definitive views of the gen
| outlines of Indian appearance. The males" al
omst universally wear leggitis in two distinct pieces,
|i ke t | le legs o"f pantaloons, fitted very tight from
t |, e loins to"the ancles, generally of smoke tanned
deerskin, and seamed wit 1 tasse'lsor leather fringe;
gI)met i mPg 0 f blue cloth. Those who inhabit the
j-egions bevond the raii»e of the buffalo, wear a blau
k( . ti thrown loosely over their shoulders; and those
w hn live in the region of that animal, were its dress
ed skin in the same way. Their mueeavras are or
(lamented, with extreme care, with different color
ed porcupine quills, arranged in lilies and compart
m p n ts. But, in the sultry months, they are often
seen with no other dress than a piece of blue cloth,
i n the language of the country, 'strouding,'passed
between the thighs, and brought round the loins.
In regions contigious to the whites, thev have gen
orally a calico shirt, of the finest colors; and they
are particularly attached to a long calico dress, re
sembling a morning gown.
The women wear a calico jacket, leggins not
muc h unlike those of the men, ami whenever they
can a fy„ n | ; t a bice broad cloth petticoat, made full, j
alM j bunching out, as if swelled with a lump. VV\
do not remember to have seen Indians, either male !
nr f em ale, affect any other colors than red or blue,
The thick, heavy, black tresses of hair are parted
f rom the centre of the forehead and crown, and
skewered with squill or a thorn,ill a large club be
They have various dances, tn which they seem ex
travaganllv attached, ami which often have, as did
the dances of old lime a religious cl. irncter. 'I'he
aged council chiefs drum, with invarablc gravity of;
countenance, and the young warriors dance vvi'h \
great veheniençe, pounding their feet upon the j
ground like pestles of a pmvdennill. They pursue |
their vocation with a vigor which causes the pert/pi- :
. ation to pour from their bodies. Toward the cli/se, I
they wag their heads ar.d make a kind of hail wilii ! i
m their cent re, cut a number of powerful and hig'> |
flourishes, and then pause, shake their liends. clap
their hand to their mouth, and emit a kind ot scream, !
broken into small jerky fragments of sound, by pa«*
sing their hand by a rapid motion across their lips.
This is the most characteristic of all Indian noises,
It seems easy to imitate and yet we have heard Atne
ricans personate every part of an Indian dance with
better and closer mimicry than this. They have
the war, the feast, the scalp, and the big dance,
and perhaps others, and tunes corresponding to the
different purposes of these dances. In our ear, these
tunes are exceedingly monotonous and uniform, run
nirig only thro" tlu-ee or four notes, and constantly
recurring to the same strain. The last note of this
strain i9 to us terrible, when heard, as we have often
heard it by yight, ringing through the woods,
song, like the dance, breaks off by that broken }ell
which they make by the rapid motion of their hand
over their mouths. In most of the tribes, the wo»
me« take no part in the song. We remember only
to have heard the - women of the Sacs and Foxes j im
' n the song; and they did it by chiming in a coup e
<' r three sharp notes, with a stro'ng nasal twang a«
^'e last part of the tune.
_ „ _ _, T - T _
" F.S T OF THF, ROCKY MOITN TAL » .
We have been politely favored by Gen. C la**;
Superintendent of Indian Affairs, with the perusal of
a letter, written by Jedediah 8 Smith, who has been:
f" f ev f, ral K a [? engaged in hunting and trapping
111 f 'l e Upper Missouri, and who has visi ei ia ix
tensive barren country on the West. not here More
'^plored. From tnis letter written in a plain tv U,
^ extract the following, which, we trust, will be
lound to our readers.
„ .. , Hmuoucm.
Mv situation has enabled me to collect information
f c(in „ a (;ountry wh ; ch has been, measurably,
in()bgrur jty, an() unknown to the citizens of
t|(e UnifoiJ Sta|yg- 1 allude to the country Soutft
V Vestof the Great Salt Lake,and West of the Rocky
un f a j ns#
About the 22 d of August 1826 , lieft the e-reat
s , j j. accompanied with a party of fifteen men,
fop t|)e „fUploring the country to the South
West, which was then cntirel v unknown to me, and
n f w |,i c h I could obtain no satisfactory information,
fVom )he Indians who inhabit the countVy on itrt TsortH
| )<ir( j els _ m y ,, enpra | course on leaving the
was w. and W. passing the Little Uta.
I^ ko ' and ascendin';; Ashley's River, which empties
I m((| wbere wt? i (bund a nation of Indians, calling
tb ,.nisèlves Snmpute.b, who were friendly disposed
, mvan | s ug- After leaving the Little Uta Laite, Ï
f„m U l no furth"»r siv-ii of Buffalo—there were, howe*
f„m U l no furth"»r siv-ii of Buffalo—there were, howe*
vf , r> a f ( , w (| j- ,| le /yîitrluoc and Mountain Shoes, and
a n * abundance of Blink failed Hares. Leaving
\ sb |ev N River, I passed over a range of mountains,
g p;_ ant ] jj. \v. iim | smK k a river," running R. W.
„.|,j c | ) [ named Adams River, in compliment to our
f> n . soient. The wa'er of ('
an( | somevvlmt brackish. T"e country js maun»
tiimm is tl) the East, and m the West aie detach
(>1 ) ri)( kv bills and sandv plains. Passing down
this river some distance. I fell in with a nation of
Indians, callin» themselves P.t ITtches,
,|j an ,., as well as the Sumpatch, wear robes made of
rab l)it skins; they raise corn and pumpkins, on which
they principally" subsist_ excepta few hares, very
little game of any description is to be found. About
tup days march further down, the river turns to til*
S R. where, oil the S. W. of it. there is a remar»
kable cave, the entrance tn which is about ten or fif
teen feet high ; and five or six feet in width ; after
descending aootit fifteen feet, opens into a large and
spacious room, with the roof», walls, and floor, of
solid roc k salt, (a piece of Which I send you, with
some other articles which will be hereafter desrrib
ed ) I followed Adams river two davs travel fur
(her, where it empties into the Seeds Keeder. which
1 crossed and went a south course down it, through
a barren, rocky, and mountainous country. Iu this
river are main* shoals and rapids. Further down, a
vallev onens,'from live to fifteen miles in width. The
land mi the river bank is fertile and timbngf. I hero
found another tribe of Indians, who call themselves
Atiiinuchiebes, *1 hey cultivate the soil, and raise
corn, beans, pumpkins and melons in abundance,
and also a little wheat and cotton. I was now
nearly destitute of horses, and had learned what it
was to do without food; I therefore concluded to
remain here fifteen days, to recruit my men : and in
the mean time,succeeded in changing my lew re
maining horses, and was enabled to purchase others,
from a party of runaway Indians, who had stolen
them from the Spaniards. I here obtained some
information respecting the Spanish country,
tained two guides, recrossed the heeds Keeder,
and travelled a West course fifteen days,
country of complete barrens, and frequently Ironi
morning until night: without water. Crossed a salt
plain eight miles wide and twenty long,
sl '' h'ce of the ground is a crust ]>' ' 1,1 « mL "n
dorneath is a hiver of velbiw sand, ami bi.nen l the.
s m d a few niches, the salt again a PP eara lhen
ver heeds Keeder. I have suite learned, empties it
s, ' lf lntl ! tl,e 9" ,f u ' L :'.' l ' 1 , 8 * . I" ,!* r ?'
theAiiimuc.iielies, and is theie called the Lolleiaio.
On my annal in toe province of Upper -ai oi
ma, I was eyed with suspicion, and was compelled.
tu appear in the presence oi the Governor, re-uling
>'t St. Diego, from whence, by the assistance ol some.
A oi en can "«nt leinen, (particularly a P • ' • V*
Commis»!*?»», ot the ship Courier, trom o- on^ *
W!,s enabled to o tain permission o îe urn \\\ 1 iuj
men, by l.ie route 1 had come. a so oo ainer
permission to purchase such supp.ies as s °" ,n
llf!C d cd. As t.ie Governor would net permit me
to travel up the sea const towards line ago, p ç
ceedod eastward °i the Spanisb settlement. wn
mined my course N. keeping irom 1.) ° - 1
miles trom the sea coast. I traveller irer "ln
! deed milos_ :n this direction
river is of a muddy
through a country
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