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VAlteA 2M. Bïa&îoïA. — Printe A an A TnMisiwA It. Porter & Äon, Xo. 9"l, Market-Street, Wilmington.
•/Vi*. 79. TUESDAY, January 22, 1828. Yah I. CONDITIONS THE DELAWARE JOURNAL is pub lished on Tuesdays and Fridays, al Jour dollars per annum ; two dollars every six months in ad vance. JV*# paper to be discontinued, until ar rearages are puid. Advertisements inserted on the usual terms — Viz: One dollar Jor Jour insertions oj sixteen, lines, and so in proportion Jor every number oj additional lines aiul insertions. notice. Persons wishing any sort of Printing done, with neatness, accuracy, and dispatch ; Advertisements inserted, or Subscriptions paid where there are ...i Agents appointed in their neighbourhood to re ceive them, will please apply, or direct to K. Porter I j Son, No. !J7, Market Street, Wilmington. j All communications, not ol the above character,, to be addressed to M. Bradford, Editor ol the Delà ware Journal, Wilmington. j This arrangement is made for the more regular " an and prompt execution of business. ACENTS. Concord. —Dr. Thomas Adams, P. M. Bkioukville. —Henry Cannon, P. M. Milton. —Mr. Arthur Milby. Fhankford. —Mr. Isaiah Long. Dags borough. —Dr. Edward Dingle. (Lai rob Town. —Mr. Joshua 5. Layton Lowes—11. F. Rodney, P. M. Milford. — Mr. Joseph G. Oliver. Frederica. —J. Emerson, P. M. Camden. — Thomas Wainwnght, P. M. Dover. — lohn Robertson, Esq. Samuel H. Hudson. Esq. mtYUNA Cantwells Bridge. — Ylanlove Hayes, P M. Middletown. — Thomas 11 a ivy, P. Al. Bridge. —John Clement, P. M. Summit Warwick, Aid.— lohn Moreton, P. M. Subscribers living in the vicinity of the residence of these Agents, may pay their subscription money to them, they being authorized to receive it, and to give receipts. Dividend. THE General Board of Directors of the Farmers' lUuk of the State oj Delaware, have this day declar ed a Dividend at the rate of live per cent per an num lor the last half year, on the Capital Stock ol this Institution, payable to the Stockholders or their lcml representatives any time after the 0th Inst. 3 c. P. CO MEG VS, Gis;» .11 Dover, January 1, 1828 t li COOPER'S NEW NOVEL THE RED ROVER. ale at the Journal Office,No Just received and for 97, Market-Street, Wilmington. JYoticc . ALL persons indebted to the estate of Thomas AT Luire, dec'll, are requested to make immediate payment, and all persons bavins; claims against said estate are requested to present their accounts, le gally authenticated, l»v the 10 th ot* February next. NATHAN 1>0ULDAN, Adm'r. 77—4t January 1 1 th, 1 D 23. JYotice. A MEETING of the Levy Court and Court of Appeals of New-Castle County, will lie held, in the Court House, in the Town of New-Castle, onTues ilay the 3th day of February next. T. STOCKTON, C. F. 77—41 New-Castle, Jan. C, 1023. ral pra he that land ty, lars the I At Private Sale, A Two Story Brick House, Kitchen and lot oi ground, now occupied by Moses Rea, No. 203, on tiiu westerly side of Market-Street, in the Borough ot Wilmington, a pleasant and healthy situation. The Lot has eighteen feet six inches front on Mar ket-St, and extends the. same width to Shipley-Street. A good title and possession may be had on the 2'itli of 3 mo. next. For other information inquire LEA PUSEY, No. 10, East Queen-St. 77—4t of Wilmington, lino. 15, 1828. To lient And possession given on March 25 next, the Tavorn House, at present occupied by Mr, Alrich Penning ton, situated in Port Penn. Apply to the Snbseiber, near the premises. REBECCA HEAD. January 10 th 1828. 77—4t One dollar Reward, Runaway h orn the Subscriber, on the 30th of Oc tober last, an indented boy by the name of White field Jefferson. He is about 10 years of age, has rather a pale complexion, spare made—whenspok en to summers in his speech, cloths not recollect ed as 1 was in Sussex when lie absconded. It is likely lie lias made his way toward Baltimore All mas ters of Vessels and others are hereby forwarned to carry, him off or harbour him at their peril. Any per vifiio shall bring the said boy to me ; shall re ceive tiie above Reward without questions or ex pences. Welch Tract, Delaware. Jan. 5lh 1828. i ia son S. W. WOLFORD. 76—4t TÉi'toiélâtml I Ært/VtiWV/llti, THE President and directors ol the Bank of Wil mington and Brandywine, have this day declared a tl) dividend of fifty cents pr. share, payable to the i Stockholders or their legal representatives, on or] l after the 17th inst. By order of the Board. J. P. WOLLASTON, Cush'r. 76—It. ! j to ] Wilmington, Jan. 7. Large Bread! At No. 103, Shipley Street, near the Upper Market, -p|, e subscriber begs leave to inform his friends a nd the public, that lie is now baking the largest bread ever wade for the money in the Borough ; and he thinks that families who may call on him for I their bread, will find it cheaper than they can make j ,t themselves. j[ e also keeps on hand a general assortment of. ty CAKES , which will besold on the most reasonable j terms. The puolic may rest assured that the above Bread and Cakes will be made of the best Hour, ami by the first workmen. WEIGH P AND PRICE OF BREAD. for 6 y cents, for 3 cents, 2 $ lbs. of wheat bread 1 lb. 3 oz. do. • lbs of wheat and Indian for 6} cents, 1 lb. 3 or., do. - bs. of Rye bread of do. - N. B. A great variety of Confectionary, Fruit, Codials &c. i$-c. sold whole sale and retail at the most reduced prices. Wlimington, Jan. 11, 1828. - »or 8 cents, - for <E cents, for 3 cents. li MILLER DUNG 1 I'. 79—tf Yaluable Mill at PUBLIC SALE. to WILL be exposed at Public Sale, on Saturday the 26th day of January, inst. at 12 o'clock, at the house of Ann Starr, in the Village of Cantwell's Bridge, that long established anti valuable MILL, known by the name ol NOXENTOWN MILL, Pf ^situate on the head of Appoquinimink Creek, about 3 miles above Cantwell's Bridge,) together with a good two story frame dwelling house, kitchen ar.tl four acres of prime land. This Mill is one of the verv best stands in Nevv-Castle County, for Country work, -and has lately undergone a thorough repair, and been put in complete order for Merchant Work. Terms made known on the day of Sale by A. H. PENTNGTON. an ol Cantwell's Bridge, Jan. 4 •ts GLOBES. A pair of 13 inch Globes for sale, rheap. quire of the subscribers, II. PORTER Of SON. Nov. SO. En (it should middle THE CULTIVATION OF SILK.. ants To the Editor of the Baltimore Patriot,— w ."™» Sir —It has been suggested to me that, by pub- m ght fishing the Directions for the management of Silk At Worms, with which I accompany Silk Worm Eggs about sent 10 persons in the country, I might contribute torn still more to the cause of the Silk culture in the them United States. leaf I have long anil earnestly devoted much time and You attention to this subject, from a conviction, that the much United States at large, particularly the Southern and day Middle States, and more particularly the Eastern er Shore of Maryland and Virginia, and the State ol the Delaware, are well adapted to this species of agri- appear cultural production ; and that the many millions an- the nually sent abroad for Silk in its various forms, remove might be saved to the country without any material that addition to its expenses or labor. I have for seve- not ral years kept Silk Worms and managed them full through the whole process, and therefore speak from twelve pra tirai knowledge. It is a fact, which ought to he published and circulated throughout this Union worms that one acre of land will produce in silk more than double the value that it will in any other production whatever ; and this too with less labor than the same leave land would require in the production of any other the crop. It is stated, and I believe upon good authori- the ty, that four acres of land planted with the Mulber- which rynear Boston, have supplied food foras many Silk Worms as made 20 pounds of Silk, worth three dol- it lars and fifty cents a pound—the four acres prodti cing fourteen hundred and seventy dollars ; and all the labor was performed by four girls, whose atten (fie tion was required buta short period in the year, Now where is the land and what else is the article tliat will afford such a product, with so little labor? file The whole process is extremely simple, so much so, that children and superannuated servants, are as capable of attending to it as any other persons ; and gin I would suggest, that the occupants of our Poor House its and those of similar institutions throughout the coun try, could not be better or more profitably employed than in the culture of Silk. The farm attached to our Alms House, would not only maintain the pau pers of the City and County, but return a handsome revenue to the Treasury. It is hoped that this sug gestion will receive the attention it deserves from the proper authorities. The opinions as to the best mode of planting and cultivating the A/ulberry, are various. Either of the two following, however, appears to the writer to possess all the necessary advantages : First, sow the seed broad cast, and the second year the young plant will be fit for food for the Worms, when it mav be mowed as wanted, like clover, and the whole of the shrub will be so tender that the Worms will eat the greater part of it Second, sow the seed in oi Oc has likely mas to per re ex a I drills, and allow the shrubs to attain to the height of three to four feet, which will require three years. when the leaves, together with the tender part of a tl) e branches, may be gathered, as wanted, for the i Worms. In this process, the shrubs should be kept or] l rum attaining too great a height, by cutting oil t le top limbs, which may be used for feeding the Worms. top limbs, which may be used for feeding the Worms. The latter process admits of culturing for the pur pose of keeping down weeds and nurturing the ! young trees. Both of these processes are adapted j to extensive establishments, and probably produce ] more Mulberry foliage than the seme ground would "occupied with full grown trees, besides r saving already - j In the Spring, when the temperature is at 80 de- j grees or upwards, and the Mulberry leaves of the size of a silver dollar or larger, bring out the eggs , and lay them on a table prepared for the purpose, mu dry airv room, partially darkened. In from four to eight days the worms will leave the eggs, They will be about the size of the smallest of the lit- ; tiered ants that infest our houses.—Immediately J OGure a few Mulberry leaves and lay them close j beside the Worms, taking care not to cover the eggs with them, as there will be many not hatched, which the leaves would cool and probably prevent, tainly retard in the process of hatching. As fast as the leaves become wilted, lay on fresh ones, and once in three days remove the dry leaves and rub bish, which you will be enabled to do by laying the fresh leaves beside the dry ones, when the Worms will leave the latter arid take to the former. Fresh leaves will be required three times aday for the first I wenty days, after which they ought to be laid on as often night and day as they are devoured or become dry. and after this time the dry ones need not be re moved, as they will be so nearly consumed and the Worms will have become so vigorous, that no injury will be derived by the Worms from them, leaves must be free from wet and filth when given to the Worms. do il „ . , the labor necessarily required by the latter in gain ering the leaves. For '■mall establishments, for farmers, and those who have large tiees growing, lull giown trees may be used, the labor ol gathering the leaves being, in their case, the onlv objection to them. The White Mulberry r isgeneral of. ty preferred, and probably makes the finest Silk 5 though the common Black has been found to an swer very well. DIRECTIONS/or the management oj the Silh Worm. the 1 " cer- the a ar.tl the The The weather ought to be pleasant anil settled be fore the eggs are brought out for hatching. The room must lie free from tobacco smoke or other el fiuviutn, and persons must not be permitted to breathe on the worms, as they are very sensitive, and the human breath is very offensive even to worms "of a larger growth." If a cold spell of weather happen, a little lire must be kept in the room, as al so if it be very damp—in the latter case, a little pul verized salt petre, say half of a small thimble full, should be sprinkled on a shovel of fire coals in the middle of the room. Care must be taken to keep ants from the worms, as I have had full grown w ."™» no , t onl - v killed ;. b ? t entirely devoured in one m ght by the common little red ants, At first, a thousand worms will only require about half a dozen leaves at a time, which should be torn in small pieces, the more widely to distribute them ; after the 20 th day they will eût a full grown leaf each in the course of the day, and often more. You will find it a great advantage to give them as much as they will eat, night and day. after the 20 th day from hatching—they will begin to spin the soon er for it. About the 6 th, 10th, 16th, and 22 d days ol the worms will shed their skins, at which time they appear stupid and sickly. If at any time any of the worms are sick, which will be easily observed, remove them to another table, as there is danger that iliey will inlect the others. The worms must not be too much crowded on the table, a thousand, full grown, will require a table three feet wide and twelve long. Between the 30th and 36th day after hatching, the worms will oegiii to spin, and m-ist be attended to accordingly 'They will cease eating, wander about, become partially transparent in their bodies, ami leave fibres of silk, resembling those of a spider, on the leaves in their path. These things observed, lift the worm exhibiting them, by means of the leaf on which it is found, and carry it to the twigs or leaves prepared for it, which will be described presently— it will soon begin to spin and requires no further at tention till its cocoon or ball of silk is completed, There are various tilings for the worms to spin on, (fie best of wnich, according to my experience, are chesnut leaves. Gather a parcel of small chesnut twigs well hung with leaves, and lay them on a ta file near that on which the worms are feeding, and when a worm begins to spin, place it on the chesnut as leaves. The leaves when gathered green, soon be gin to curl and the silk worm will spin its cocoon in its cavity. Where chesnut leaves are not at hand, chinquopin, or chesnut oak will answer. Another mode is to gather small twigs, such as are used for to stable brooms, and weave them into little arbors. trees&c. and place the worn s on them. Some erect these arbors &.c. on the table with the worms, and leave the worms to climb of their own accord, when they are prepared to spin ; but I have found it better, especially in the management of a small num and ber. to place the worms on the bushes myself. of The worms that begin to spin each day, should be kept separate, and on the 8 th day from the com sow mencement of spinning the cocoons or balls of silk, should be removed, and those intended for silk, it stripped of the loose coarse silk, called tow, must be put in an oven about alf heated, and baked for hall will an hour, for the purpose of smothering the insect, in which, if not thus killed, will work out of the cocoon ry of and spoil the silk.—Care must betaken that th<? oven be not hot enough to scorch the silk. After this, the cocoons may be laid away lor reeling. The cocoons from which eggs are expected, for a future crop, must lie taken on the 8 th day from tho commencement of spinning, and laid in rows about a foot apart on white paper, either on the floor ot a I hree or four co dry airy chamber or on a table. coons may lie beside each other, the whole touching lengthwise, in a row. In from 8 to 12 days, the worm will have changed its form to that of a grayish white butterfly or miller, and will cortte out of the cocoon ; and in 34 to 36 hours the female will com mence laying eggs on the paper between the rows of cocoons. There will be aboui an equal number of m. les and fi males, and each female will lay about 450 eggs, of, at first, a beautiful sulphur color, about the size of mustard seed. In a day or two, the eggs Decome of a blueish lilatk color, to the naked eye, but when seen through a microscope, they are beauti fully speckled, like some kinds of birds' eggs.— j Those that remain yellow or of a sulphur color, have not been fecundated by the male, and are good tor nothing. As the Hies cease, laying, the eggs must be removed on the paper to a cool dry place for fu j ture use. It is not necessary to keep them in a perature of 45 or 50 degrees to preserve them Irom , spoiling as has been asserted, the only injury they are liable to from a high lemperature is that ol hatch mg, which, alter the Spring, they will not be apt to do in any temperature lower than 75 degrees. ; They ought to be kept in a dry place to prevent mil J dew which would be injurious, protected from in j sects, and where they will have the benefit of air. The flies eat nothing alter leaving the cocoon and die in a few days after laying their eggs, lem The cocoons from which you expect silk, after having been baked, as above, may be reeled at any- time after your attention to the other parts of the process ceases, for which purpose, put.about 56 of them into a kettle of water of a temperature so high only as you may put your hand in without scaldiug, (at which it must be stead ly kept bv means of coals under the and with a wisp of twig- sdr tiein under the kettle,) and with a wisp of twig- sdr tiein about briskly till you observe the end of a fibre of silk sticking to it, when you must secure it and pro- ceed as before till you have as many fibres as you wish fora scrand of thread , ou intend, say 15 or 20. then join them and attach them to a reel ami v i 1 - ü off the silk,carefully observing when a fibre bie.iks 10 it or another that the thread may not be di- iSnme only wind 4, 5, or 6 fibres in a The secure iniuished. strand and double the strands after reeling, Durs of the reel should be pretty long, that you may -prend out the silk without letting the strands torn h until the first laid on be dry. as the gum in the sdk will make them adhere. In this way proreed till you have reeled all your cocoons. The silk may now be wound from the skein into balls and twisted with a Common s inning wheel, and doubled, as may be required for sewing thread, -r twist for weaving; alter which, it must be boiled fur f-mr or five hours 111 water in which a little soap is put, and then well rinsed in clear water, fur the purpose of freeing it from the gum with which it is incumbered, when the .-ilk will be fit for use. It will be white of course, and if other colors are wanted it must be dyed It is proper here to remark, that the Silk culture is naturally divided into two branches, both of which hardly be advantageously combined in the same establishment, whe [cani.-d'on in a large scale—the production of cocoons, being the first, and the re mainder of the process the second. VV hen the cul ture of silk shall become extensive, factories ought, and no doubt will be established, to purchase the cocoons and manufacture the Silk. can It may be calculated that an acre of ground will afford mulberry leaves enough to produce from 3 half to 4 pound of silk ; that fifty pounds of leaves wilt be required to feed 1000 worms, and that a common full grown mulberry tree will afford from one toiwo and sometimes three hundred pounds of leaves. A tree the foliage of which, il well and thickly set, will measure ten feet square as it stands, may be cal culated to afford 00 pounds of leaves without inju ry to its health. r c r • T MARA LAND MARBLE.—Front a friend, we have received what, he says is an inferior specimen, of superior Marble from Blechar s or Bleckar a quarry, in Washington county, twelve milts Iron» Fredericktown, and five miles from Harper s Ferry, —and he further and very properly suggests, that if a statue of Washington is to be erected upon the monument dedicated to him by the people ot lhilti more, should not the material be ol the jpmduce ot the State. The Academy of Fine Arts ot Philadcl phia, have pronounced this marble superior to that of the statue of the King ol Rome. 1 he specimen may be seen on our desk, where we find it veiy con venient as a paper presser. Amer. Farmer. ry to its health. It will be observed, that these directions are in tended only for the management of a small number of worms by farmers and others who intend only to make a few pounds of silk annually ; the deviation from them, however required, in the conduct of ex tensive establishments, are even simpte, and will suggest themselves. They are merely the providing of a seperate house adapted to the purpose, with ap propriate tables, in the form of shLves for the ac commodation of the worms, and a few others of lit tle moment. GIDEON B. SMITH. ICTT" I have still some Eggs of the best Italian stock on hand, a sufficient quantity of which for an experiment and a future stock of eggs, 1 will send by mail accompanied with such information as may be required for their management, to any person whin will enclose me five dollars by mail or otherwise. I