VAlteA 2M. Bïa&îoïA. — Printe A an A TnMisiwA It. Porter & Äon, Xo. 9"l, Market-Street, Wilmington.
TUESDAY, January 22, 1828.
THE DELAWARE JOURNAL is pub
lished on Tuesdays and Fridays, al Jour dollars
per annum ; two dollars every six months in ad
vance. JV*# paper to be discontinued, until ar
rearages are puid.
Advertisements inserted on the usual terms —
Viz: One dollar Jor Jour insertions oj sixteen,
lines, and so in proportion Jor every number oj
additional lines aiul insertions.
Persons wishing any sort of Printing done, with
neatness, accuracy, and dispatch ; Advertisements
inserted, or Subscriptions paid where there are
...i Agents appointed in their neighbourhood to re
ceive them, will please apply, or direct to K. Porter I
j Son, No. !J7, Market Street, Wilmington. j
All communications, not ol the above character,,
to be addressed to M. Bradford, Editor ol the Delà
ware Journal, Wilmington. j
This arrangement is made for the more regular
and prompt execution of business.
Concord. —Dr. Thomas Adams, P. M.
Bkioukville. —Henry Cannon, P. M.
Milton. —Mr. Arthur Milby.
Fhankford. —Mr. Isaiah Long.
Dags borough. —Dr. Edward Dingle.
(Lai rob Town. —Mr. Joshua 5. Layton
Lowes—11. F. Rodney, P. M.
Milford. — Mr. Joseph G. Oliver.
Frederica. —J. Emerson, P. M.
Camden. — Thomas Wainwnght, P. M.
Dover. — lohn Robertson, Esq.
Samuel H. Hudson. Esq.
Cantwells Bridge. — Ylanlove Hayes, P M.
Middletown. — Thomas 11 a ivy, P. Al.
Bridge. —John Clement, P. M.
Warwick, Aid.— lohn Moreton, P. M.
Subscribers living in the vicinity of the residence
of these Agents, may pay their subscription money
to them, they being authorized to receive it, and to
THE General Board of Directors of the Farmers'
lUuk of the State oj Delaware, have this day declar
ed a Dividend at the rate of live per cent per an
num lor the last half year, on the Capital Stock ol
this Institution, payable to the Stockholders or their
lcml representatives any time after the 0th Inst.
3 c. P. CO MEG VS, Gis;»
Dover, January 1, 1828
COOPER'S NEW NOVEL
THE RED ROVER.
ale at the Journal Office,No
Just received and for
97, Market-Street, Wilmington.
ALL persons indebted to the estate of Thomas AT
Luire, dec'll, are requested to make immediate
payment, and all persons bavins; claims against said
estate are requested to present their accounts, le
gally authenticated, l»v the 10 th ot* February next.
NATHAN 1>0ULDAN, Adm'r.
January 1 1 th, 1 D 23.
A MEETING of the Levy Court and Court of
Appeals of New-Castle County, will lie held, in the
Court House, in the Town of New-Castle, onTues
ilay the 3th day of February next.
T. STOCKTON, C. F.
New-Castle, Jan. C, 1023.
At Private Sale,
A Two Story Brick House, Kitchen and lot oi
ground, now occupied by Moses Rea, No. 203, on
tiiu westerly side of Market-Street, in the Borough
ot Wilmington, a pleasant and healthy situation.
The Lot has eighteen feet six inches front on Mar
ket-St, and extends the. same width to Shipley-Street.
A good title and possession may be had on the
2'itli of 3 mo. next. For other information inquire
No. 10, East Queen-St.
Wilmington, lino. 15, 1828.
And possession given on March 25 next, the Tavorn
House, at present occupied by Mr, Alrich Penning
ton, situated in Port Penn. Apply to the Snbseiber,
near the premises. REBECCA HEAD.
January 10 th 1828.
One dollar Reward,
Runaway h orn the Subscriber, on the 30th of Oc
tober last, an indented boy by the name of White
field Jefferson. He is about 10 years of age, has
rather a pale complexion, spare made—whenspok
en to summers in his speech, cloths not recollect
ed as 1 was in Sussex when lie absconded. It is likely
lie lias made his way toward Baltimore All mas
ters of Vessels and others are hereby forwarned to
carry, him off or harbour him at their peril. Any per
vifiio shall bring the said boy to me ; shall re
ceive tiie above Reward without questions or ex
Welch Tract, Delaware.
Jan. 5lh 1828.
S. W. WOLFORD.
THE President and directors ol the Bank of Wil
mington and Brandywine, have this day declared a tl)
dividend of fifty cents pr. share, payable to the i
Stockholders or their legal representatives, on or] l
after the 17th inst. By order of the Board.
J. P. WOLLASTON, Cush'r.
Wilmington, Jan. 7.
At No. 103, Shipley Street, near the Upper Market,
-p|, e subscriber begs leave to inform his friends
a nd the public, that lie is now baking the largest
bread ever wade for the money in the Borough ; and
he thinks that families who may call on him for
I their bread, will find it cheaper than they can make
j ,t themselves.
j[ e also keeps on hand a general assortment of. ty
CAKES , which will besold on the most reasonable
j terms. The puolic may rest assured that the above
Bread and Cakes will be made of the best Hour, ami
by the first workmen.
WEIGH P AND PRICE OF BREAD.
for 6 y cents,
for 3 cents,
2 $ lbs. of wheat bread
1 lb. 3 oz. do. •
lbs of wheat and Indian for 6} cents,
1 lb. 3 or., do. -
bs. of Rye bread
of do. -
N. B. A great variety of Confectionary, Fruit,
Codials &c. i$-c. sold whole sale and retail at the
most reduced prices.
Wlimington, Jan. 11, 1828.
- »or 8 cents,
- for <E cents,
for 3 cents.
MILLER DUNG 1 I'.
Yaluable Mill at
WILL be exposed at Public Sale, on Saturday
the 26th day of January, inst. at 12 o'clock, at the
house of Ann Starr, in the Village of Cantwell's
Bridge, that long established anti valuable MILL,
known by the name ol
^situate on the head of Appoquinimink Creek, about
3 miles above Cantwell's Bridge,) together with a
good two story frame dwelling house, kitchen ar.tl
four acres of prime land. This Mill is one of the
verv best stands in Nevv-Castle County, for Country
work, -and has lately undergone a thorough repair,
and been put in complete order for Merchant Work.
Terms made known on the day of Sale by
A. H. PENTNGTON.
Cantwell's Bridge, Jan. 4
A pair of 13 inch Globes for sale, rheap.
quire of the subscribers, II. PORTER Of SON.
THE CULTIVATION OF SILK.. ants
To the Editor of the Baltimore Patriot,— w ."™»
Sir —It has been suggested to me that, by pub- m ght
fishing the Directions for the management of Silk At
Worms, with which I accompany Silk Worm Eggs about
sent 10 persons in the country, I might contribute torn
still more to the cause of the Silk culture in the them
United States. leaf
I have long anil earnestly devoted much time and You
attention to this subject, from a conviction, that the much
United States at large, particularly the Southern and day
Middle States, and more particularly the Eastern er
Shore of Maryland and Virginia, and the State ol the
Delaware, are well adapted to this species of agri- appear
cultural production ; and that the many millions an- the
nually sent abroad for Silk in its various forms, remove
might be saved to the country without any material that
addition to its expenses or labor. I have for seve- not
ral years kept Silk Worms and managed them full
through the whole process, and therefore speak from twelve
pra tirai knowledge. It is a fact, which ought to
he published and circulated throughout this Union worms
that one acre of land will produce in silk more than
double the value that it will in any other production
whatever ; and this too with less labor than the same leave
land would require in the production of any other the
crop. It is stated, and I believe upon good authori- the
ty, that four acres of land planted with the Mulber- which
rynear Boston, have supplied food foras many Silk
Worms as made 20 pounds of Silk, worth three dol- it
lars and fifty cents a pound—the four acres prodti
cing fourteen hundred and seventy dollars ; and all
the labor was performed by four girls, whose atten (fie
tion was required buta short period in the year,
Now where is the land and what else is the article
tliat will afford such a product, with so little labor? file
The whole process is extremely simple, so much so,
that children and superannuated servants, are as
capable of attending to it as any other persons ; and gin
I would suggest, that the occupants of our Poor House its
and those of similar institutions throughout the coun
try, could not be better or more profitably employed
than in the culture of Silk. The farm attached to
our Alms House, would not only maintain the pau
pers of the City and County, but return a handsome
revenue to the Treasury. It is hoped that this sug
gestion will receive the attention it deserves from
the proper authorities.
The opinions as to the best mode of planting and
cultivating the A/ulberry, are various. Either of
the two following, however, appears to the writer
to possess all the necessary advantages : First, sow
the seed broad cast, and the second year the young
plant will be fit for food for the Worms, when it
mav be mowed as wanted, like clover, and the whole
of the shrub will be so tender that the Worms will
eat the greater part of it Second, sow the seed in
I drills, and allow the shrubs to attain to the height of
three to four feet, which will require three years.
when the leaves, together with the tender part of
a tl) e branches, may be gathered, as wanted, for the
i Worms. In this process, the shrubs should be kept
or] l rum attaining too great a height, by cutting oil t le
top limbs, which may be used for feeding the Worms.
top limbs, which may be used for feeding the Worms.
The latter process admits of culturing for the pur
pose of keeping down weeds and nurturing the
! young trees. Both of these processes are adapted
j to extensive establishments, and probably produce
] more Mulberry foliage than the seme ground would
"occupied with full grown trees, besides r
In the Spring, when the temperature is at 80 de- j
grees or upwards, and the Mulberry leaves of the
size of a silver dollar or larger, bring out the eggs ,
and lay them on a table prepared for the purpose,
mu dry airv room, partially darkened. In from
four to eight days the worms will leave the eggs,
They will be about the size of the smallest of the lit- ;
tiered ants that infest our houses.—Immediately J
OGure a few Mulberry leaves and lay them close j
beside the Worms, taking care not to cover the eggs
with them, as there will be many not hatched, which
the leaves would cool and probably prevent,
tainly retard in the process of hatching. As fast
as the leaves become wilted, lay on fresh ones, and
once in three days remove the dry leaves and rub
bish, which you will be enabled to do by laying the
fresh leaves beside the dry ones, when the Worms
will leave the latter arid take to the former. Fresh
leaves will be required three times aday for the first
I wenty days, after which they ought to be laid on as
often night and day as they are devoured or become
dry. and after this time the dry ones need not be re
moved, as they will be so nearly consumed and the
Worms will have become so vigorous, that no injury
will be derived by the Worms from them,
leaves must be free from wet and filth when given
to the Worms.
do il „ . ,
the labor necessarily required by the latter in gain
ering the leaves. For '■mall establishments, for
farmers, and those who have large tiees
growing, lull giown trees may be used, the labor ol
gathering the leaves being, in their case, the onlv
objection to them. The White Mulberry r isgeneral
of. ty preferred, and probably makes the finest Silk 5
though the common Black has been found to an
swer very well.
DIRECTIONS/or the management oj the Silh
The weather ought to be pleasant anil settled be
fore the eggs are brought out for hatching. The
room must lie free from tobacco smoke or other el
fiuviutn, and persons must not be permitted to
breathe on the worms, as they are very sensitive,
and the human breath is very offensive even to worms
"of a larger growth." If a cold spell of weather
happen, a little lire must be kept in the room, as al
so if it be very damp—in the latter case, a little pul
verized salt petre, say half of a small thimble full,
should be sprinkled on a shovel of fire coals in the
middle of the room. Care must be taken to keep
ants from the worms, as I have had full grown
w ."™» no , t onl - v killed ;. b ? t entirely devoured in one
m ght by the common little red ants,
At first, a thousand worms will only require
about half a dozen leaves at a time, which should be
torn in small pieces, the more widely to distribute
them ; after the 20 th day they will eût a full grown
leaf each in the course of the day, and often more.
You will find it a great advantage to give them as
much as they will eat, night and day. after the 20 th
day from hatching—they will begin to spin the soon
er for it. About the 6 th, 10th, 16th, and 22 d days
ol the worms will shed their skins, at which time they
appear stupid and sickly. If at any time any of
the worms are sick, which will be easily observed,
remove them to another table, as there is danger
that iliey will inlect the others. The worms must
not be too much crowded on the table, a thousand,
full grown, will require a table three feet wide and
Between the 30th and 36th day after hatching, the
worms will oegiii to spin, and m-ist be attended to
accordingly 'They will cease eating, wander about,
become partially transparent in their bodies, ami
leave fibres of silk, resembling those of a spider, on
the leaves in their path. These things observed, lift
the worm exhibiting them, by means of the leaf on
which it is found, and carry it to the twigs or leaves
prepared for it, which will be described presently—
it will soon begin to spin and requires no further at
tention till its cocoon or ball of silk is completed,
There are various tilings for the worms to spin on,
(fie best of wnich, according to my experience, are
chesnut leaves. Gather a parcel of small chesnut
twigs well hung with leaves, and lay them on a ta
file near that on which the worms are feeding, and
when a worm begins to spin, place it on the chesnut
as leaves. The leaves when gathered green, soon be
gin to curl and the silk worm will spin its cocoon in
its cavity. Where chesnut leaves are not at hand,
chinquopin, or chesnut oak will answer. Another
mode is to gather small twigs, such as are used for
to stable brooms, and weave them into little arbors.
trees&c. and place the worn s on them. Some
erect these arbors &.c. on the table with the worms,
and leave the worms to climb of their own accord,
when they are prepared to spin ; but I have found it
better, especially in the management of a small num
and ber. to place the worms on the bushes myself.
of The worms that begin to spin each day, should be
kept separate, and on the 8 th day from the com
sow mencement of spinning the cocoons or balls of silk,
should be removed, and those intended for silk,
it stripped of the loose coarse silk, called tow, must be
put in an oven about alf heated, and baked for hall
will an hour, for the purpose of smothering the insect,
in which, if not thus killed, will work out of the cocoon
and spoil the silk.—Care must betaken that th<?
oven be not hot enough to scorch the silk. After
this, the cocoons may be laid away lor reeling.
The cocoons from which eggs are expected, for a
future crop, must lie taken on the 8 th day from tho
commencement of spinning, and laid in rows about
a foot apart on white paper, either on the floor ot a
I hree or four co
dry airy chamber or on a table.
coons may lie beside each other, the whole touching
lengthwise, in a row. In from 8 to 12 days, the
worm will have changed its form to that of a grayish
white butterfly or miller, and will cortte out of the
cocoon ; and in 34 to 36 hours the female will com
mence laying eggs on the paper between the rows of
cocoons. There will be aboui an equal number of
m. les and fi males, and each female will lay about
450 eggs, of, at first, a beautiful sulphur color, about
the size of mustard seed. In a day or two, the eggs
Decome of a blueish lilatk color, to the naked eye,
but when seen through a microscope, they are beauti
fully speckled, like some kinds of birds' eggs.—
j Those that remain yellow or of a sulphur color, have
not been fecundated by the male, and are good tor
nothing. As the Hies cease, laying, the eggs must
be removed on the paper to a cool dry place for fu
j ture use. It is not necessary to keep them in a
perature of 45 or 50 degrees to preserve them Irom
, spoiling as has been asserted, the only injury they
are liable to from a high lemperature is that ol hatch
mg, which, alter the Spring, they will not be apt
to do in any temperature lower than 75 degrees.
; They ought to be kept in a dry place to prevent mil
J dew which would be injurious, protected from in
j sects, and where they will have the benefit of air.
The flies eat nothing alter leaving the cocoon and
die in a few days after laying their eggs,
The cocoons from which you expect silk, after
having been baked, as above, may be reeled at any-
time after your attention to the other parts of the
process ceases, for which purpose, put.about 56 of
them into a kettle of water of a temperature so high
only as you may put your hand in without scaldiug,
(at which it must be stead ly kept bv means of coals
under the and with a wisp of twig- sdr tiein
under the kettle,) and with a wisp of twig- sdr tiein
about briskly till you observe the end of a fibre of
silk sticking to it, when you must secure it and pro-
ceed as before till you have as many fibres as you
wish fora scrand of thread , ou intend, say 15 or 20.
then join them and attach them to a reel ami v i 1 - ü off
the silk,carefully observing when a fibre bie.iks 10
it or another that the thread may not be di-
iSnme only wind 4, 5, or 6 fibres in a
strand and double the strands after reeling,
Durs of the reel should be pretty long, that you may
-prend out the silk without letting the strands torn h
until the first laid on be dry. as the gum in the sdk
will make them adhere. In this way proreed till
you have reeled all your cocoons. The silk may
now be wound from the skein into balls and twisted
with a Common s inning wheel, and doubled, as may
be required for sewing thread, -r twist for weaving;
alter which, it must be boiled fur f-mr or five hours
111 water in which a little soap is put, and then well
rinsed in clear water, fur the purpose of freeing it
from the gum with which it is incumbered, when the
.-ilk will be fit for use. It will be white of course,
and if other colors are wanted it must be dyed
It is proper here to remark, that the Silk culture
is naturally divided into two branches, both of which
hardly be advantageously combined in the same
establishment, whe [cani.-d'on in a large scale—the
production of cocoons, being the first, and the re
mainder of the process the second. VV hen the cul
ture of silk shall become extensive, factories ought,
and no doubt will be established, to purchase the
cocoons and manufacture the Silk.
It may be calculated that an acre of ground will
afford mulberry leaves enough to produce from 3 half
to 4 pound of silk ; that fifty pounds of leaves wilt
be required to feed 1000 worms, and that a common
full grown mulberry tree will afford from one toiwo
and sometimes three hundred pounds of leaves. A
tree the foliage of which, il well and thickly set,
will measure ten feet square as it stands, may be cal
culated to afford 00 pounds of leaves without inju
ry to its health.
r c r • T
MARA LAND MARBLE.—Front a friend, we
have received what, he says is an inferior specimen,
of superior Marble from Blechar s or Bleckar a
quarry, in Washington county, twelve milts Iron»
Fredericktown, and five miles from Harper s Ferry,
—and he further and very properly suggests, that
if a statue of Washington is to be erected upon the
monument dedicated to him by the people ot lhilti
more, should not the material be ol the jpmduce ot
the State. The Academy of Fine Arts ot Philadcl
phia, have pronounced this marble superior to that
of the statue of the King ol Rome. 1 he specimen
may be seen on our desk, where we find it veiy con
venient as a paper presser. Amer. Farmer.
ry to its health.
It will be observed, that these directions are in
tended only for the management of a small number
of worms by farmers and others who intend only to
make a few pounds of silk annually ; the deviation
from them, however required, in the conduct of ex
tensive establishments, are even simpte, and will
suggest themselves. They are merely the providing
of a seperate house adapted to the purpose, with ap
propriate tables, in the form of shLves for the ac
commodation of the worms, and a few others of lit
GIDEON B. SMITH.
ICTT" I have still some Eggs of the best Italian
stock on hand, a sufficient quantity of which for an
experiment and a future stock of eggs, 1 will send
by mail accompanied with such information as may
be required for their management, to any person whin
will enclose me five dollars by mail or otherwise.
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