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m <r u C\ a ■ECLitea.^ ÄI. EvaaCoïd.-— T?TinteA aiuA Tw^VisEed djy E. Toute* & Son, Xo. 9"l, Marlcet-Street, WïYmlngton. TUESDAY, September 2, 1828. JYo. Yol. 1 /. a in in Delaware District, ss. WHEREAS it Eibe! hath been fded in the District Court of the United Slates, for the said District, by James Stuart and Hugh Dolton oftlie city ofBaltimore, merchants, hv James U. »lack, Esquire, their Proctor, against the Steam Boat Philadelphia, her tackle, apparel and furniture, jmw lying at the village of Seaford, in Nanticoke river m said district, for a decree for the condemnation and sale ot the said Steam Boat for tile payment of the sum of two hundred and twenty-seven dollars and twenty-nine and three quarters cents, in said Lihel, alledged to be due to the Libellants, for necessary materials furnished and deliv •cd hv tlic Libellants, for the necessary repairs of said Cl AND WHEREAS, Willard Hall, Judge of the District Court for said District, hath ordered Tuesday ills ninth da. of September next, at 1Ü o'clock, A. M. at the town ot -• Castle, for holding a special District Court tor said of said Proctor. Noticb is Ne Trial agreeably to the pravei. hkhkhy oiVEN, thttt a HpcciaV District Court will be t »f and there held for the trial of the premises, and tlie owner or owners, and idl who have or claim any right) interest o» concern, are heveny cited and admonished, to be and ap pear at the time and place aforesaid, to show cause, it any they have, why a final decree should not pass, pursuant to the prayer of the said Ubri^ fvmŒRSpoo ^ Clerk of D strict Court, Delaware District. Wilmington, August 20, 1828. _ Delaware District, ss. . WHEREAS a I.-hel hath been filed in the District Court of the Untied State, for the Said District, by Samuel T. Glenn of the city of Baltimore, bv James R Black, Esquire, his Proctor, against the Steam Boat t hiladelpluu, her tackle, apparel and furniture, now lying at the village oV Seaford, in Nanticoke river m said District,tor a Decree for the condemnation and sale ot the said Steam Boat, tor the payment of die sum of one hundred & seventeen dol lar, and seventy live ceius.in said I.uel alledged to be due to the Libellant for necessary maienals turn shed and de livered bv the libellant for the necessary repairs of said Steam Boat, and for work and labour pertormed in repair ing said Steam Boat by the said Libellant. AND WHERE S, Willard Hall, Judge of the Distric Point for Slid District, hath ordered Tuesday the ninth da>_ September next, at 10 o'clock. A M. at tne to; Newcastle, for holding a special District Court lor said Trial, agreeable to the prayer of said Proctor. Notice 1 » . (iivm That a special district Court, wilt be then and there held, for the Trial of the premises, and the owner or owners, and all who may have or claim any right, interest or concern, »re hereby cued amt admonished 10 he and ap m ar at the time and place aforesaid, to show cause, it any they have, why a final Decree should not pass, pui suant ' the prayer oftlie said ImH.^ _ fr/ TH EHSPOON, 1 t 1 Clerk of District Courl, Delaware District. Wilmington, August 20, 18 i8. only, their to the of hill by the lect of dia JACOB PRETTYMAW, ami long Who has recently taken the well kno e itablished wn IKK 7 us. Lewes. Delaware, formerly the old Court House, in hones, by his accomodations and assiduous attention, to render those comfortable, who may patronise Ins establishment. August, 7. 81. Communications. Fur the Delaware Journal. TO THE FARMERS OF DELAWARE. WEST SÏJDI&TRADB. FARMERS OF DELAWARE, no doubt heard a great deal said, by the friends ol General Jackson, about the has of the West Indian trade , through the folly anti mismanagement of the present Administration ; and it you could believe tbe assertion ot these people, you would be ready to suppose, that so gross had been this folly and mismanagement, that we have lost the whole trade to these islands, and had not now a single barrel of Ilnur ooing to or coming from the West Indies. A firmer tot'd me that he had actually heard this said by a leading Jacksonite, or bereite, the other day, and that, by this stupid and wicked act ol John Q. Adams and his cabinet, the United States had lost a trade worth 20 millions of dollars annually ! Well, brother farmers, I am not surprised at this storv, for I have come, within two or 3 years past, to he surprised at nothing that I hear. But you ought to be informed, that all the. uproar and abuse of The administration upon this occasion, is about a British order i.i Council adopted in 1 "26, by which they prohibited us from trading to tiie Eritish West India Islands and that we still cary on an immense and flourishing trade with the Spanish, Dutch, Dan ish and Swedish West Indies and with the island of Unity. Now [shall show you presently, from of ficial'documents from the Treasury department that the trade to the British Islands was a very insignt ticaut trade, indeed, when comp ,red with that with the other west india islands, which we still enjoy. <iut before I proceed to that point, 1 will give you some account ot this British order in Council which deprived us of the dit ect trade to their islands. Every one knows, who knows any thing of past times,that the British Government has always look [ èd upon ns with au eye of jealousy and envy ; and l <hat they have never failed, when the.y could, by side blow, to throw some check or obstacle of our manufacturei or commerce. They You have ask ly unv m the way have often issued their orders in Council and sent out their Ships of war, tor this purpose, before ; and I remember, during the last war, that it was the fashion with some people, then as it is now, to abuse the' Government for the very mischief, which was done through these orders m council , and the envy and hostility of John Bull. It is high time, brother farmers, to quit siding with foreign enemies against our own Government ; it only encourages them to persevere in their wrongs, and you and I and all ot ns will be the sufferers. The friends o! Gen. Jack causc with John Bull making common son are now I, Al lhe terminutifroof the l„„w.r,i» 1815, (h. Bnltsh Government shut tlmir |.erl, in the Weit in- f dies against our vessels, while our Government c permitted British vessels to trade between their islands and our ports, without any restriction. The fa Wh» merchants at length becoming sensible of B the unfairness ot this state of things, by which the ig liritisli merchants enjoyed all the carrying trade Irom their islands to oor ports, to the great ad van (age of their commerce and navigation, complained o the Government and petitioned Congress from all /i/ parts of the Union, either to compel the British Gov eminent to admit us to a fair and equal participa lion of this trade, or to prohibit their vessels from trading between their islands and our ports. Our I Government tried négociation, but John Bull turned | a deaf ear to all their overtures; and Congress I therefore passed an act in 1818, and a supplement I in 1820, prohibiting the trade in British vessels, un til the British Government permitted our vessels to I participate in it. This proceeding, in some degree, | brought John Bull to his senses. The King issued one of Ins orders in council, opening the trade to American vessels, which was immediately recipro cated by our Government opening the trade again to British vessels. All this see,oed fair enough ; bin it was shortly discovered, that it was not as fair ns it seemed—for when our vessels arrived at the British islands, expecting to bo admitted upon tbe terms that British vessels were admitted to in this business, and also against our manufactures; witness their conduct at Charleston and New York, wheu they joined with British ships in the harbor in hoisting their flags half mast high because Con gress had passed an act to protect our manufactur ers. 1 » same our ports, they were told, that they must pay a dis criminating duty—that is, a duty of 1 U per cent on importations, and 4 per cent on exportations, which duties were not exacted of British vessels. Any one can perceive that there was no reciprocity in this, and our Government felt itself called upon to direct, that British vessels arriving in our ports should pay a similar discriminating duly, by an act of Congress passed in 1823 ; and by this act it was also provided, that British vessels should he restricted to the direct trade between this coun try and the West Indies, us our vessels were by their laws. 1 This was t 1 John Bull flew the course here, and insisted, not only, that our discriminating duties should be re pealed, but the "elsewhere" clause also, and that their vessels should thus be permitted to trade from England through our ports to the West Indies, a circulions trade which they obstinately relused to In effect they demanded that our Government should make every concession, while they refused to yield an inch. A year or two was consumed in negociatingupon these matters ; and at length, white the négociation was pending, in July 1825, an acl of Parliament was passed, opening the trade to the British Islands to all nations, upon the terms therein specified. hill was introduced into the Senate to enable our Government to meet the terms proposed in the British act of Parliament,but it was not acted upon by that body ; and immediately after the session, the British Government, in consequence of this neg lect ou the part ot Congress, as Mr. Canning al ledged in his letter to Mr. Gallatin,* issued an order of council forbidding us to trade with their W est In dia Islands. 1 us. of to in In the session of Congress of 1825-6, a a of by You have here, brother farmers, n brief but true history of this West Indian question, about which there has beeD so much misrepresentation. If our country has sustained any injury by the result, 1 ask you if it is not right and fair, that the censure should be laid where it is deserved ? In the first place, then, 1 censure the arrogance of John Bull, who alter being in possession of this trade exclusive ly for seven years, from 1815 to 1822, at length condescended to admit us to a kind of participation; but still claimed a right to impose heavy discrim inating duties on our vessels, and to make double his vessels which were prohibited to us ; voyages in anil when wo resisted this pretension, suddenly and while a négociation was still going on, came out with one of his old tricks, an order in council, ltick In the second ing us out of the trade altogether, place, 1 censure the Senate, of which Mr. Taze well, Mr. Hayne, Mr. Van Buren and Gen. Smith leading friends of General Jackson were the con spicuous members from the commercial districts ; that they, knowing of this British act of Parliament, and knowing also, that the President's hands were tied up by law, and that without another law, he could take no steps to comply with the terms ol the British act, refused to pass this enabling law, in con sequence of which refusal, as Air. Canning express ly told Mr. Gallatin, we lost the trade. And now, Fellow Citizens, yon can perfectly un' derstand all the uproar about the loss of the West India trade. The Jackson leaders, taking sides with John Ball, justify all his arrogant and high handed dealing, and after refusing to pass the necessary law to enable the President to act,abuse him for the very \consequences of that refusal! You will recollect, that this transaction occurred in that identical ses session when the Jackson party matured their plans against the Administration ; when the " COÏVX BXNATXONS" were formed, by which, it is believed, that this, with other wholesome mea of the Administration, were designedly de feated, for the purpose of furnishing some ground Is it not a ; the was to ot Bull sures hereon to build a clamor against it. scandal to our country, that men whom we send to Congress to act for our good alone, should thus w •See Niles' Register, voh 32, p. 184, sport with our interests and sacrifice them to their party purposes ? n..u • . 1 -_ „„ ,„i'i :(. I, ££Ä ';ÄÄ m SS,Ä' f lcu ] ry> it t the opinion of oor best informed mer c h an ts and it can be shown bv documents in tne Treasury Department that we have, in reality, sus fa ned no h^ wha ever by tlie c influct ofJohn v B J, though we owl him noVanUs for it The fact ig that the Brritish Islands have alwavs and must] continue to receive their food, lumber,>c. from this ; Oountrv, either directly or indirectly For seven years, from 1815 to 18*22, they weresupplied direct- ' /i/ from this Country, bv British vessels 5 they ami their vessels enj tyed the whole trade, to the exclu sion of our seamen and ships : For live years, from 1822 tu 1827, we participated in this carrying trade, by our ships and seamen : and since the commencement of 1827. or at least since the Pi e sident issued his proclamation in that year. 7 oe have enjoyed the carrying trade, and still enjoy it ex Wlusively, though indirectly■ Our merchants send their vessels and cargoes to St. Thomas, St. Eusta la, St. Bartholomews and other free ports, where they arc discharged and transhipped for the British Islands ; the British Planters and Islanders paring ( the additional charges of transhipment, &c. lliat this is the operation of the interdict is a tact too well established to be denied. Jamaica, Barbarities, Ber mutin, Sir. are now as well supplied with American t produce, flour, corn-meal and lumber, as they ever have been before ; the West India merchants will I tell you, that they are perfectly satisfied with the present state of the trade, ami the Customhouse documents will show you. that there is no sensible change in it. Now, whom will you believe, the Jucksun politicians, who make such a noise about the loss of this trade, and would make yftu believe, that all the fanners in the Country are ruined by tint loss, or the merchants, who are engaged in the business, and the Custom-house records, which tell you, that there is no loss at all. The following tables show the value in dollars of the exports and imports to all the W est India Islands in the years named, distinguishing the British trom the other Islands. EXPORTS. O of ker, by that zens. EXPORTS. other \V Indies 11,522,098 12,482.105 11,753.918 12,838,498 IMPORTS. Total. 11,787,200 14,110,072 13,400,964 13,523,588 British W. Oldies, 265.102 1.027.967 1,647.046 085.990 1821, 1823, 1 825, 1827, are —an grasp not fast Total 14.744.052 15,356.266 16,109.111 15,443.982 other W. Indies. 13,816,706 13,511,335 13.670.989 14.425,597 British W. Indies. 927.346 1.814.931 2,437.122 1,018,385 1821, 1823, 1825, t827, The information to be derived from those official, tables, is this—1 That the trade to the West In dies, about which so much noise has been made, was of small amount wlten compared with our trade to the other West Indies. 2. That the trade to the British Islands was a losing trade, tbe imports ex ceeding the exports, while the reverse is the fact with regard to the other and far tnure important brandies of that trade—and, 3. That although the direct trade with the Bri'ish Islands had diminished in the vear 1827, the year in which the interdict com menced, yet the aggregate amount of the whole West Indian trade rather exceeded the average of the preceding years ; a fact which is explained by what I have before stated, namely, that the British colonies still derive their full supplies from this country, through intermediate ports. on, pust been He the that less to ter if be ; Fanners of Delaware—I trust I Have shown to your satisfaction that the Jeremiads of the Jack son party over the loss of the British West In dia Trade, aie either intended, like the tears of the crocodile, to lure you into a trap, or if they be sin cere, that they may now wipe away their tears and spare their groans, the West India trade being found again. Nu one appreciates the West India traite more highly that I do. There is no branch of our foreign commerce so important to the farmers ot the middle States as it. It is to these Islands, that the surplus agricultural produce,the flour, cornmeal, Sic. of this and the other middle States is princi pally exported, and paid for in returns of molasses, su'rnr. coffee, rum, Sic. And 1 apprehend, that this West India trade never yet received so deadly a blow from any act or measure of government, as from the additional duty of 100 per cent laid upon molasses by the Jackson party in Congress last winter. That duty struck at the very root of that trade, because molasses is by far the most important item that we receive in .exchange fur our products. It was opposed by the whole body of the Iriends ol the Administration in Congress—they predicted its ruinous effects on the West India trade,and they de precated it as an unjust and unnecessary imposition upon an article of life of the first necessity to the poorer classes of society, ried it against all their efforts, and the arguments upon which some of them defended it are such, as I firmly believe, were never before resorted to in a deliberative assembly. The Southern Jackson ineji openly avowed, that it was » to poison the bill," meaning the tariff—others again proclaimed it " a bait to catch the Yankees;" white the only plausible pretext assigned for it was, that it was intended to aid the manufacture of whiskey .* by restraining the manufacture of New England Rum ! You were ; he ses it de a The Jackson party car to ; will not add * It is well ascertained that this measure 011 c cent in the hogshead to the price of Whufcey. poisoning the tariff bill," i 1 * . neither interested in "trapping the Yankees" or;or in manufacturing wins key, and yet to aid one or all >f these objects, a tax !» »hich ™ «. i. .it.il. .»Mb, « nMh^meaeumTand when *°' t) to you the effects ol this mea e, an .when you find the price ol molasses raise on you, an to k alue ° f 7 ( ' ur c( ' rn , an . (1 wl,ea î d ! n,,n,sl,wl 38 much î j» . .. .Jr;» - '? fur the benevolent ^numose C» ^ JPg* ^ J th e moral and n.nocent I P ° F 1 _ A FARMER. YOU will see in circulation a Hand-bill, heattetï _a y 0 u U Naturalized Citizens. hich is to excite ynur feelings and inflame you* passions against the present Administration, because» j^r, Southurd.ane of its agents in his report to Cun gress expressed his opinion of what description of* citizens would be most beneficial for the iVauöf 3 «" „ice. Now though I highly disapprove of this opinion ,f his, I nevertheless view it as harmless—for he haa 110 power to exclude any description ol citizens, unless given bv law, and if lie has usurped sudl power, why did nut the Jackson Congress to whom he Report was made, last session, immediately in terfere, and place the matter right. Depend upon jt fell* w Citizens, this is a mere bug-bear got up bw Jackson leaders here to deceive you. 1 say here, for [have not heard in any other part of the country, u. W()rl i said about it. Further, those dear souls, the loving Jacl( 9 on lea t i er s, are the same characters, who last your thro* their mouth-piece, a prominent character, told you Town-Hull, where met together to con Fou the Delaware Journal, AVI TURALIZ n /) CITIZENS. The object of »> n you su j t on measures in which your vital interest was concerned, namely to encourage manufacturing — they told you to your very tenth, that you were day xborers, —foreigners— depending vn the sweat of your )rua . y or y 0Ur y r cad —that you had no right to speak* imic |, | efs to act ; especially when you happened, to be opposed to these noble Senators, Lawyers,&e O hmv they love you—were you to turn to a Gle: of the Gazette, a tew years past, published by Har ker, you would there find a character of you draw» by the Bayards. M'Lanos, Rogers. &c. &c. Ac. that Satan would blush to own—Yes, fellow-citi zens. these are the men, that now when your vottt wanted, would give you the fraternal embrace: brace which would be as fatal to you as the But I need are —an em grasp oftlie wild hear of the forest, not multiply words, you are men, and men of reas and men who know your true interest and your 1 fast friends, TARIFF. on, if you dont, look at the vote on thes Prandyuinc > 0 - 0 < For the Delaware Journal. [A late mail brought us the following letter— pust marked 8 th mo. 22 —though it seems to hava been written, from its date, at an earlier period.J Post O/Jice, Frederica, 7th mo 31, 1828. TO THE EDITOR OF THE DELAWARE JOURNAL. Please see D daware Gazette, the 29th, and th« piece under date the 23d, signed Jacob Boon, jr He received two numbers 1 Oth and 17th dates, of the Weekly Marylander, printed at Baltimore, ta that date, 23d. Whether he did, or did not sub scribe fur the paper, I am unable to determine. Ha saycth some persons, to whom the papers were di rected, refused to take them out of the office, un less the Editor would give from under his hand, npfc to make any charge for tnem. But one to, and af ter that time, refused taking the Marylander out of this office, and he refused, saying he was iuformed* if taken out of the office, the paper would have t» be paid for. Jacob Boon, jr. sayeth by request r wrote. Not so, 1 did not write by request, but wrote from a sense of duty, as I consider Po»t-mas-. ters are buuud to give notice to the Editor of at newspaper, alter the papers are refused. The answer I received from the Editor of tbe Marylander, was as follows, to wit : " the paper tur — .. of yuur place, was subscribed, for, and paid lor, by a friend ol his, so that he needt nut apprehend any thing on that score." Whicht that a friend had called, subscribed. The I a a does not say, and paid for all the papers, sent »this place. Journal of Wilmington, Delaware, Jacob Boon,jr* did receive gratis.* There are, so far as as I am capable of discrimi-' nating, as many gratis papers sent here, to the Jack son party as to the Adams party. Whether sub scribed and paid for, or not. I do not know, nor need 1 care. The more papers the more postage.. It is known that Jacob Boon, jr- said, he did not ex pect to pay any more than the postage lor the extra, packages of the De aware Gazette received by him He is not correct concerning the numbers off here. the Marylander, which I think tbe editor of that: paper would say, bis Boon's, jr. numbers, are not the numbers sent from his office. 1 am obliged to Editors of newspapers, either Adams or Jackson, lor sending me a paper, and am ready, and willing, tu endeavour to procure for them subscribers. 8 th Mo. L3th, see Delaware Gazette of the lClh* Jacob Boon, jr. to clear himself of a charge in the * F,om me, as thee may remember, when at this village, thy mentioning his having the use oi it, that it might do for him and me, ur to that amount. ; [Mr. JBmcnon is «11 Agent.— -Editor Journal.