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Delaware journal. [volume] (Wilmington [Del.]) 1827-1832, December 16, 1828, Image 1

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Trvivtfti anA TuibVwTieà))^ "R. ïortfcT &8on, Xo. 91, Market-Street, Wilmington.
jyo. oe.
TUESDAY, December IC, 1838.
Vol. IL
Persons wishing any .sort of Printing done, with
neatness, accuracy, and dispatch ; Advf.rtis
inserted, or Suhscrii*tions paid where there are
_Agents appointed in their neighbourhood to
ccive them, will please apply, or direct to K. Porter
and Son, No. 97, Market Street, Wilmington.
2d Class Extra, draws in this BOROUGH
On Thursday the 18th December, 1828.
Forty-two Nomber Lottery—Six Drawn Rabots.
SCHEME—I prize of 6t)0() dollars, 1 of 1088,
I of 1000. 6 of 300, 12 of 100, 36 of 30, 72 ot
J5, 432 of 6 and 3780 of 3 dollars.
Tickets £3—Half 1 50—Quarter 75.
To be had in a vaticty of Numbers at
Prompt and Truly Lucky Office, No. 71, Market
Street, Wilmington, Del.
Dec. 9. 1828.
A PERSON is needed to take charge of the
Library of this Borough. Such individual as
«ay be disposed to engage ill the duties of the sta
tiuu, will please to sent! sealed Proposals to either
of the subscribers, stating the charge tor attending
two afternoons in each week. Proposals
will be received until the 27th inst.
one or
J2 mo.9th, 1828.
JPiihlic Suie.
On Thursday, 18tli December, on the Premises
at 12 o'clock, "will be sold that well known
BASRir FA&ll,
nip, HhiLdelplnu County ; at
In contai nu
Situatem Moreland low
present occupied by Mord
Ik* vu a.
133 ÄCS5.SS,
Is twelve miles from Pliihulelplita. anil mile west ft-qrii
Bnstlctnn ; adjoining lands ot Morgan Holme, William 1 d
gur, Thomas Worthington, and others.
It IS in a high state of cultivation : the improvements are
a good Stone House, and excellent stone Harn with stables
for 3U head of Cattle and 8 Horses; Stone Wagon house
and suitable sheds—.Itogelhe- one of the finest in the
Country. It is well watered, and there is a good stone
eatly arranged and fitted up over a pennant
Curing: near the house.
There 1 » about 20 acres of natural meadow, with a good
proportion of wbod laud.
v '
Terms at S.de ( by
Dec- 8.
ïroçosals £or Burning.
HE untleisigiieil will receive sealed proposals,
fur the erection and completion of a house upon
the property of lhe Brandywine Chalybeate Spring
Compati v, until the 1st of January 1829.
The house to be 180 feet long, and 30 feet wide,
in the clear—to be built of Stone, three stories high,
anil half basement story, with a piazza 20 feet wide
the west front, and 12 feet on the south, with
columns to the tool—the whole to be finished ac
cording to a plan to be submitted by the company.
Proposals will be received fur the whole, or any
part of the building, and the Company will require
the person contracting to bind himself to complete
the contract, by the first of July, 1829 .
ay be seen upon application to Lea
Pusey, Esq. Treasurer of the Comnany.
The plan in
Wilmington, Dec. 3, 1828.
Of every shape and description ol rutliiig,
suitable lor
Banks, Merchants, Court Records, fcc. fcc.
Made at the shortest notice, in the first style,
and most durable materials.
New Books, bound, und old ones rebound. Pa
per fumt-lined for Music, or other purposes, to any
patte rn which may be ordered.
Coach-makers uud Halter's leather, elegantly gil
Those, with every other species of work con
nected with biuding, ruling, or gilding, done on short
notice, nutl reasonable terms, in the establishment
connected with this office.
Oct. 23, 1828.
Almanacs! Almanacs!
Y or 18^.
Just published «it this office, the
With its usual variety of interesting matter in
Prose and Verse, Delaware Courts ol Law, &c
Having been continued without intermission for near
ly or quite half a. century, in this office, the Citi
zens of Delaware must be acquainted with this Al
; and of course we need say nothing to re
commend it.
ALSO, the
CWvstian Mnvanac,
Replete with useful and interesting information
to the philanthropic and Christian tnind.
The above, with a great variety ot other com
and Pocket Almanacs, to be had single or
y the Gross or Dozen, on
ting terms, to Merchants, Traders or Pedlers,
' 11. PORTER fc SON;
the most accommoda 1
Extracts from a Review, by the Boston Yankee , of
"Howe'sGreek Revolution," just published.
This work is a credit to our country, and is al-
together so well digested, and so well written, that
the author, if he were to die tô-morrow, or sail
back fore.ver to the land " ofgods and godlike rnen,"
weald be safe. A future edition might be correct-
ed by any body. The faults are few, and so bare-
faced, that he would have nothing to fear from the
judgement of posterity. It would be seen at a glance
that they were not so much errors of opinion, or
judgement, or fact, as of orthography uud gram-
The work-is divided into seven books, and thirty
two chapters ; and so much ot a complete history,
that we need go no further in search of information
about Greece. We have it here, full enough anil)
particular enough, to satisfy not only the general ;
reader, hut the politician, the lover of biography,;
and the philospher. The introduction, which is a ;
sort of general view of Greece, from her old days ;
of beauty and strength up to those of her transtigu
ration, is a well written paper; and when l say j
this. I meanjust what l say, that the paper is well !
written ; good thoughts- worded in proper lan- !
It would be quite impossible to give, the reader j
any other Ilian a general idea of the book in a pa-1
per the size of the Yankee. Rut l shall go over j
the passages 1 have marked with a pencil, once
rnon*, and whore they appear to he extract-able and ;
comment-able y if they can be served up in ordei^they
sirtll * if not not
One of the first that struck me was the following,
... , , . . , ,
which you perceive to be characterised by a good
, , ,, . ... . r \- ■
deal ot strength, and with a sort ot discrimination
. , , r, ■ , „ ,
that vve do not often see in such parallelisms.
"The character of the modern Greeks. »«* different in the
different parts ofthe country; and in ill's diffeience we may
always trace lie effects of the remotenestt or proximity of
their province, to the imined ate influence of the tyranny
of the different musters of the country. Tt-e mountain
Greek s brave often to heroism* he h hardy. active, lively,
a lover of adventure and of gaiety ; he is hospitable, gene
rous, fickle ; the Alhainon Greek is enterprising, persev
ering, unsocial, inhospitable, crue* ; the Moriote iscring
i'g*, greedy of gain, hypocritical and timid f but lu* is in
dustrious, temperate, kind-hearted, and hospitable; the
Greek merchant is shrewd, enterprising, indefatigable ;
but cunning, trick iah, subtle» deceitful.'*
l* 23.
But to prove that our author is able to write with
energy, where the occasion calls for it, and with
beauty where beauty is needed.—let tis offer the
reader a sample of another sort—out of many par
agraphs anrl l might say of many pages to be found
in this book.
1 No resistance was made, nor could be made : the
es scattered over the cmintrv, worein aj>
the peasantry wmpd barfllv get news (
tl the -wild hurra
pt-aceful villi
parent se -uri y ; 8
»terrible invas n,
of - he horsemen would be heard, as the
vittuge, and cut down all they met .
and down tin- streets, waving their bloody eintet
firing their pistol«, till tin y w. re certain nothing w ,s left
to oppose and endanger themselves ; when hunting into
the rooms, where the half distracted females had shut
themselves up, hey would butcher one or two to intimidate
the rest; and then f
lit- tie rs, or .nits had hid themselves,
ged forth, hacked to pieces, and their heads severed trorn
their bodies ' Give ns vont- monty.'cried the brutal Turks;
■hen these poor females had suf
fered indignities worse than death, they wert stabbed;
their n ses and ears cut olf ; and they left to wrtrite on the
headless bodies of their relatives »Anne were spared, ex
cept- perhaps the most beautiful, who were lo -tied with the
spoils; and often with a s'ring of ears and noses, and dri
ven ofiTlike beasts of burden. But the scene closed not
here; some fugitives might still he concealed, or tli woun
ded might live ; the fi e would find what the sword had
missed ; then the torch was applied, and as the flames
arose these hum in tige -s mounted their horses and gallon,
ed away with wild yells,to seek in other villages new scenes
.Vote .—" I have known women who hare escaped after
such scenes (for sumo will always escape) trom whose
minds the lapse of years had not been able to efface the
impression. If the subject was only slightly alluded to,
they would clasp their hands convulsively over their eyes,
as if to shutout the memory of some horrid dream ; and
they never would relat-- any part of it without sobs and
shall never forget the scene presented by some
en who had escaped from Scio, on hearing the re
port that a body of Turks were marching on the place
where we were; their shrieks—tearing their hair—and
he ttlng their bosoms—with the frantic hop or of their coun
tenances, gave a forcible idea ot what terrible scenes
they must have witnessed, since the bare fear of their repe
tition occasioned such emotion."—p. 117, H8.
he Timp of horses
rushing into the
riiey then gallopril U]
th 'o tell wheiv their husbaivis
ere ilmir
and when all wa- don«* ;
And if we would know why the followers of Ma
hommed are so unsparing in their hatred anti wrath,
and why the Greeks are what they are—phrensied
imitators of the Turks, even when they depart most
idely from the usages of European warfare ; do
ing that in the wreck and overthrow of their proud
faculties, which the barbarians do deliberately or in
play, we have only to road a verse in the Koran :
" When you are with the infidels, kill them ; cut
off their heads, tie them, put them into the fire, keep
them as slaves, or make them pay a ransom, as you
may judge best,
not to persecute them until they shall be submitted
to you."— p. 1G0.
That Philopocmen was not the last ofthe Greeks;
and that he, the banished man,who fled away into a far
country, the country of his mortal foe—appearing in
themidst of his family and household gods as if lie
started op out ofthe earth, to make him feel that had
even there it was not safe to trample on a native
Greek, and that a suppliant and a fugitive though he
, he had the power to take a hostage on the spot,
and the bravery tostipulate with a destroyer, not for
guardianship, nor vulgar safety, but for the wealth
of cities—that he was but one Phemistocles of the
many, that would appear, if they were needed by
Finally, give them no rest ; cease
their country—we see by what is here told of the
J ,, , . J
youthful Marco Bolaarts : I
Me entered by night the castle of the besieged Ali j
I'ashaw, and thus addressed him : 'Ah, the Sulintes, your
old enemies, and whom you, after so long a struggle, drove
from their country, and whose country you now liold, have
from this moment, a common interest with you. If you
will give to us our mountains and the fortresses ; pay usa
sum of money to send to our families, who are in a foreign
land; and deliver to us your nephew as hostage for your
faith, (for we know you of old to be faithless) we will to
morrow nuit the army of the Sultan, take possession of our
cost Ali Paihaw a sigh to resign that,for which he hadfuuhgl
country,anil from it, in every way,molest your besiegers. It
» long and so bard : but he was closely pressed; ue knew
the advantage it would be to him to detach, from thei be
s ■ gers suclt men as the Su'.totes ; the barm they could
do them by carrying on a guerrilla warfare in their
rear ; and lie did not hesitate a montons to com
ply. The terms were so arranged ; the Suliutea received I
glü.OOO ; the nephew of Ali as t hostage ; and orders h j
Ins captains in the fortresses ol' Suli, to ueltver them up.
-p. 12
Their love of titles. —One would be half ready to
i, na gj ne that Dr. Howe was writing a history of the
late war, when our officers.it they were nolappotn
tP ,i bv their own men, as in the Revolutionary strug
gi e< ," V ere appointed to rank and authority at so much
a head for the number they enlisted. " No one is
content to be a soldier ; he who can support ten
men j â a ca ptain ; double the. number makes him a
colonel ; thirty or forty a lieutenant general ; and
he who can show 80 or 100. is dubbed general : no
military knowledge whatever is required ; the groom
0 f. to-diiy is a captain to-morrow."
" A division of the Greek fleet had again pat to sea.
and directing its cours- towards Patrass, tell in with a di
Vision of the Turkish fleet consisting chiefly of Barham,,
"Strolling one day in the camp,.one of thee pitanis
passed me richly dressed, and fallowed by the usual train
c f di,. ly soldiers; the countenance was familiar. 1 looked
again—It was a fellow I hud seen six months before, llu
servant of a friend; he had picked up, by a lucky hit,
somc mon 'T : f he e * s ''* l"' ucured > al,d h ''
was a captain at once."—p. 41
. . . . . c , .. t „ 1 . „<■
And now for a brief account ot Ihe behaviour of
, T . . , F .
Sir Thomas Maitland—the gentleman, who tor äugln
„ . , , -
Mr. Hobhouse knew, miglit be n very good sort ol
a man in private life, though his deliberately pre
pared proclamation, put forth under the authority,
and published with the great guns of the British em
pire, had the appearance ol' being " issued in a
druketi frolic."
Vision of the Turkish fleet consisting chiefly
vessels. An encounter followed î the result of winch was,
the complete disorder of the Turks, bv die superior ms
uœuvering of the Greeks; u- d their fleet fell back, am
took refuge in a port of Zante, one of the Ionian Islands
\ few Greek vessels then steered North, with the inten
tion of attacking- a Turkish corvettee, an l lour brigs.
which had taken refuge atMourto: but what was then
astonishment, at being' acc s'ed, at the entrance of tin
chaimel of Corfu, bvai: English brijf of war, and forbi ■
dent) pass the channel. It was vainly asked, ' \t by <!
you let the Turks pass there, why shelter them from us.? n
** Pass not the rhunm-1 of Corfu, 9 was the only ans A *. !
The Greek Admiral, astonished at such strange' conduct,
s e nt a vessel (the Te.psichore) to Corfu, with a letter of
compl lint. On entering the port, she was seized ; her flag
focibly lowered ; the captain order, d to unfit his ship;
the envoy was put under arrest, and kept for some week .
\\ |,at W as the pretext for this strange proceeds g ? Tin 1 .
some Greek sailors had formerly landed at Santa Maura
and stolen some sheep !
is difficult to suppose that the British Government
policy so liberal as it has hitch/ pursued, co'ild h.o «.•
given instiuctions to the local autMon'.ie* m the ijuian
Islands, to nursue such a Inc ot cn.iic.t towards tin
Gre ks Hut the tollowing account ot tue ail air or the
Terpsichore, will sei ve us a scecimen oi their policy at
th.it time : .
" The Greek Government, in a very unassuming letter,
requested the deliverance of this vessel; the answer ol j
Sir T. Mattland was rude and illiberal, as well as incousis- !
tent; it reads thus: "His Excellency has just received!
letters from persons who give to themselves the name of
the Government of Greece, by a messenger nmv in this
port. Ilis Excellency is absolutely ignorant of the » vis-j
tence cf a prov isjonarv Government of Greece, and tliert-
fore cannot recognize such agent. I i«c necessity otoy to <
maintain, ab his Exc llency always has done, the most I
strict neutrality, makes liai cousent to answer some pas j
He will not consent to enter into ;
er, winch he does j
: no vc ssel,ca .mg j
a » u ne enveniment of the Ionian Islands cannot but de
nlore the polish presumption of one ot th, two belllige.cnis,
which lias occasioned the present state of things.' "
which iiiir» u- *
" This litter speaks for uselt. It first absolutely denies
the existence nf Greek power i then talks iiboiilnetitralitv
between the belligerents. Neutrality • " by admit t urkish ,
vessels ? Kttl the last cutting, and discouraging aeii'ence, j
was n eun' to produce a peculiar eltsct ; w cl.it. n<- Hopes
of a people, who were cage, ly stretching out their arms to
the (inver-intents uf'Eur |>e. t»r assistance, by a cm I-Dlnort
condemnation of their struggle, as a
sages of these letters
a correspondence with any nominal po-.v
Hit know. And his determination in this
ltersell Greek, and und -r a flag not known and not anther
His Kxct-ileiirv t
ixed, can be received in British ports,
not obliged to enter into a discussion with an unknow
power, on the propriety of h*s own measures, bill he
shv that he considers the whole chunnei of Corfu, hont Mur
tottx to Cassupo, as the port of Corfu !
ed, contemptuous
piece of folly and presumption. '
Bill the villages were laid waste with fire and
sword ; old men, women, and children, butchered
by thousands in the midst of their vineyards and
flowing olive woods, and Hie reprsentatives ofChris
Uan Europe stood by and looked on—Almighty God!
—without so much as putting forth a finger—and a
finger would have been enough—to stay the des
troyer, anil roll back the deluge of wrath to its loun
taiti head_the seraglio of a blood-thirsty and abom
inable tyrant. After the des ruction of Scio where,
of eighty thousand human creatures, twenty thous
and were carried into captivity while fifteen thous
and had escaped to the neighboring islands, and the
hiding among the mountains and rocks :
" Several thousands took refuge in
„ra-an Vonsnls whose flag they knew would protect them
f-om 'he Turks. Bat how did these Consuls treat the mis
ersble fugitives, who had cast themselves upon their mer
and ' 'he faith of their flags V Are their stories of their
roiiragemis defence of these wre cites, their generosity and
nhilanthrophy sending them off free, t- be cred.'etl? No;
just the contrary. They coldly .peculated upon their m.»-,
rest were
he houses of the Eu*
i "'ey gave them their liberty, it is true, but it tu
only ut the price ofthe Uuit valuable they miiçht have pro
I served frum the destruction of thetr liuuses. The men
j u e e obliged to pay or obligate themselves to pay, largt
suras for their protection ; and the women were obliged to
strip ofi'the jewels of their rich garments, to satisfy the
rapacious representatives of Christian tyrants. Such a deed
fate Was wanting to crown the great tragedy which was
acted in the fitce of this enlightened, Christian age; acted
by the orders of the Sultan, whose legality is acknowledged
by all the Kings of the earth, by the ' old and faithful ally
nf England ;' by that tyrant, to whom even America can
cringe, and humbly beg to send rn ambassador, to be rank
ed among the other tilled 1 dog3,' who feed on the crumb*
that drop from hts table **
j'/ie Greek Leaders. — There arc many enpitat
skel( ., t be f , ; thu book of lhe chiftf roen
, .. r ,r
'<1 Greece ; but the following portrait oft kanans
nay he regarded as one of the best of the whole,
We are prepared by it, in a degree, for the extra-
ordinary adventures which have made hi* name a
sort of trumpet-call for the brave and extraordinary
of our age. There is nothing in the tale of other day*
worthier of poetry, or statuary, or history, thaa
what we know to have been achieved by this mild,
quiet, unpretending warrior-Greek.
" He is by biitii an Ipsariote, and had hitherto be ex
known only by those immediately about him, who loveg
l.im fur /.is mildness und goodness of heart, and respected hirp
f t-tils sterling integrity. No one ooulu ever divine thf
character ot Kamo is front his personal appearance. Re U
about thirty-four years of age, of low statute, slender, but
well made; and his nii/d and interesting countenance bar
spetihs rather feminine goodness of heart, than what he realty
possesses—u vund that knows vo fear. lie appea-s .use lisi
ble to danger -, atm his resolutions, which might be easily
altered by persuasion, are made stubborn by open opposi
tion and fresh obstacles are to him only inducements to fresh
exertions (p 103.)
There ! ye poets, and novel-writers, and play
builders—there is a ready-made hero for you, suejt
as the best of you never dreampt of. Instead of a
Being, full six feet high without hi* shoes, you havs
a Man of a "low stature." Instead of a robust,
broad chested fellow, with huge calves to his legs,
and a right arm like a «ledge, you find him "slender
and a -ell made ."—nothing more. Instead of a pile of
thews and sinews with ahead like a bull-buffalo, you
have a little man,with "a mild and interesting counter
nance, which bespeaks rather feminine goodness of
heart than what he really possesses—a mind that
knows no fear." Think o' that—noodless that ye
are- Bui one among the whole tribe of you ever
appcaret | , 0 „„agine'it possible for a great man to
'• . » v , %
be less than six feet high ; nor was that one ever
able to imagine a hero without a gloomy forehead, a
haughty mouth, fierce black hair, and most unearth*»
, whiskers—-to say nothing ofhié martial step and
> ... J
- *
" lie sailed for the straits of Scio in company with a. Hy
driotc ven-el. On arriving in the neighborhood of Scio,
he fell in company with some of the Turkish lookout veg-*
*eis, but by an artful manoeuvre be completely deceived
diem, and made them believe bis vessels were merehant
men 6 »und to S ..yrmu As so »n as it was dark, Kanaris
* o .il aw. y boldly for the mouth ofthe straits, in which lar
he Captain Masl.aw's flic' ; when about to enter the Gulf,
'hellychioe Captain hailed him, and begged him not to
enter, sir,re, should the wind remain in the same quarter«
5 hey mu*t certainly be lost, if they failed in their davinr
plan. Kanaris., however, persuaded him the wind would
•: liante, and ran boldly in. Here new difficulties awaied
'I., v.w. began to feel those fears which their situs*
i ion naturally inspired ; they were getting enclosed by the
f alK j on | )0 *ii sides ; t! e wind was aft ; and they were driv»
mg down upon ihe Turkish frigates, and line-of battle ships #
whose >i ua'ion be;* an to be known by the lanjy line of light#
t | lu ( y leirhed across the Gulf, without a possibility of re»
turning Ti e sailors were refractory, and unwilling to go
on; hut this was the moment for a spirit like that of K*«
o n is to Id ize forth : the modest retiring man became the
hero, ».i id hi-, puny figure seemed ?o grow in height, as I»#
.said to the murmurer*-, 'you carne hither voluntarily ; tho
shall go on, anr/you moy go with her or jump overboard. 9
They were silenced, and the icssels rapidly approached the
»«Thefirpt they could distinguish wore several Turkish
. [>tit those wer# too ignoble prey ; Kanaris had
ime revenge the blood of Scio ; and nothing but the
t>luo&l of the leader of the barbarians could atone for it; the
moon shone clear; he was in the middle of the Turkish
. which, securely anchored, dreamed not of the dang
C1 , . an( j j lc on the other side the huge ship ofthe
( j a j ) , uln Altering tiien his course, K maris bore
ipon her, and was soon within hail. Keep aioay f
■:ntj ! cried the Turkish guard; still the fireship carne
an the *wild cry of Jirulottu , lirulotla ! apprised Ätf
is that he was known. That dreadful cry aroused the
sleeping Turks, and hundreds of them rushed to the deck
... '
was cry
sleeping Turks, and hundreds of them rushed to the deck
m contusion; they began to fires bu still the strange sail
rapidly approached them ; all Ka «ar s ;• men were crouched
bcl.ind the bt.Uvsrk. a,.d sltcfieted, he stone stood up, and
»«"'»K '» re-solution, a ee-ed bis vessel full oo
I he Pushuw's ship, regardless of the shot that began to
u .| i;mK . al „ im ,i |,', ra . |„ n few minute» Itis bt.w struck iter
sil | e wjl!) B tembie shock, und entangled. Instantly the
, u , ag |,, werP( j. even* Greek sailor jumpeci into it ; and
j Ka)lar j s after crying nut ■ Kama is ctnoi,' touchai
c )ra j a|| j ( ilnwmg iiis men, they pulled rapidly away,
tra | n c , ( ,„miiiiicatitg with the ainibustibles, they flash*
^ p irt |, in . ,,. t . | )n >ad blaze, winch instantly began to envoi.
( | ie '|' u: -kish ship, where ensued a scene of horror
and confusion,among die twelve hundred jiersonson bnard,
tit re easily imagined than de-cribed. Nothing could ho
il-itie nit diecri w.led and clinked up decks to se|iarate the
ders could not he heard, nor, if heard, obeyed ,
only dis'inguish, anud the wild up.
mar nf voices, the agonizing sltr.eks of the timid, who lea
ped overb a--d in despair The sail3 and cordage were all
in a blaze, and the flic dropping on the deck lit up every
thing there. The boats were lowered, hot instantly staved
or sunk by the numbers who rushed into them. The Cap
tain Pashaw and lu. .office-s succeeded in getting into a
pinnace ; and by cutting away with their cimetars the
of the swimire-s that clung to her, he got a little
wav from the ship when the mainmast falling, struck hia
huât, and croa n d hint to death with every non! in tier.
"The llydriote had struck a Turkish seveniy-tnur and
wa. fired; but unfortunately she bounded oft'and did no
harm. The two beats pulling each twenty oars rowed rap
,j |y rinwit, they being illuminated by the bright blaze fron»
vessels ;
and the Greeks c mid
•Winn an ambassador arrives at Constantinople, lie is
not at once admitted into the presence ofthe Grand Seig-n
or, but the Vizier goes and announces, that ** thee ist
dog from such, or such au infidel nation, who waits foryour
sublime pleasure. Take the dop, V izier, and give him
food and lodging;" is the reply,—[p. 172-108.]

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