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. . so of the bill concern !
*: VCr ' 1 ' k !„ lr\viiu &c •' und -enendly in the hills « Ynmd \nv Enol.sh Statutes, « hieb have been r , d ii no it the subjects of them, have been sup ' le.te'u.l.te tha in the course of two S I can present to Urn General Assembly a biil, KitiMilviu'" mo-1 of the English statutes, which we have adopted, and winch have not hoot, supplied or 1 by the hills horetolore i>rc of the bill« presented arc for the purposes of amendin- arts passed. Those have respect to the revised edition, in which the act amending wil not he limited hut the act amended will he printed ... |,.,l There can he no objection to this in principle • and the practice in case of a revised «II tion iVpecnliarlv convenient. Thus—by section l ('j VIH. 1 vol. 417 a sheriff is to sum d" Over and Terminer tiurty-six „„I,.,,,.,,... h V «-.•turn 12 c vol 741, he is to sum î!,nn i' w„ , The sheriff looking at the first law mbdit b"* led into error In a bill presented, sec ! " i i v-,1 .117 is •unended hv substituting forty ! . üï ! \ *. - * ^: v »> liy tins amewliwoL ll»«* r J I, .n I*, nrintud as the law is; the shcrifl " l, nW ,'\' ... C( . ids duty • and the space occupied ] , , r v- rvin* the first law will be sav T.y the clause vary g Vo renealina clause will he published in the revis , , ^ ' . 1 ,'. „fiVrt will be ausweredby omitting C d edition ; the . fleet mil be y theni.i l ' ru r 1 ' 11 • l ,,v verv common in Observing, that the phrasenlo V y - law language, describing person-1 y terms to genders and numbers, (»« testator, t t. , - her and their ; te.) not only took up | ^ ' jn productive ot evil, and seeing P* . . . several well drawn statutes, l have ,n U ' e * j. drawn departed tromit ; ami with a view 1 • phraseology may be discontinued, h.iv I . ' « bill declaring the eftect ot certain «pressions... acts of Assembly. I consider, that there is doubt whatever in respect to the principle ot con I f the word testator he u« 1 '' "> "PJ;' ion, it applies to a testatrix, or il tu eu - number of executors, it applies to every or am I hav e piopo.e. the law am rendered unnecessary scnteil. Some for a Court mon ed. struction. And so of all other cast them. the bill merely to shew, that this hold it up, that it may lie noticed, and that this phra seology may be discontinued. WTLLARD I1ALL. Jan. 1029. the School Lands in the Territory ot Arkansas, j Hr it enacted by the Semite mid Ihtue of Representative* j of the flatted Slates oj America i t Congres» assembled, That - the (iovernor und .ientral Assembly of (he Territory of Arkansas be, and they are l.ercbv,authorized to make, amt j carry into c!f -ct, such laws ami m-edlnl regulations as they ! shall deem mo-t expédié t to protect from ujnry and waste, the sixteenth section in all t '« nships ot land in said , territory, where surveys have been or may hercatter be ; TTia-.lf, whicli sections are reserved loi'liiusupp .pt of schools in oach township, ami to provide by lav for leasing or rent im; the same, f.-rnuy term not exceeding five years, in such manner as to render said selionl lands must valuable and productive, and shad apply the rents derived tlnT.-tunn to the support ol common sri.ools mtl.e- respective town. ships,according to the design ol the donation, and to no other purpose whatever Approved: Gth Jan. 1879. y.\ j; Xe iS ä&3 : *£ BY AUTHORITY LAWS OF T!IE UNITED STATES PASSED AT Till' SCO SION OF THE TWENTIETH CONGRESS. [ Pubi 1 C No. 2. ] AN ACT restricting the location of certain I/ind Claims in the Territory of Arkansas ; and for other purposes. ONI) SE acted by the Senate and f faune of Representatives of trrenti assembled. That no il hv the eighth section Tie it the United Staten of Jmerica in Co rsnn entitled to a donation of I; an act, entitled " An act to aid the'Stale of Ohio in ex tending the Mia ,v »i Canal from Dayton to Lake Eri to grant a quantity of land lo said State to aid in tli struction of the Canals authorized by law. and for making donations of land to certain persons in Arkansas Territory/* shall be permitted to enter the improvement of any actual settler in the Territory of Arkansas, before the same shall have been offered for sale, unless it be with the consent of such actual settler ; and all entries which may be so made shall be considered mil! and void. Sec. 2. Rn it farther enacted , That no person residing south of the Arkansas, river, and west of the present Ter ritorial line, shall be entitled to the donation of land giv cn by the eighth section aforesaid, unless said persons shall move east of said line ; and, in that case, they shall be entitled to the donations specified in said eighth section of said act, under the restrictions aforesaid. A N I > UK WSJ K V KNTSO.V, Speaker of the House of U- presentatives. JOHN C. CALHOCN, Vice President of the United States, And President of the Senate, V con Approved Gth Jan. 1829. JOHN Q. ADAMS. Public No. 3. AN ACT to preserve from injury and waste I'l-MLIC. No. 4. AN ACT extending the term within which Merchandise i may be exported with die benefit of drawback. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Itrfiresenta'ii'eM of the United States of Américain Congress assembled, That from ami after the passage of this act, alt goods, merchandise which are now entitled to debenture, or which m-.iy he hereafter imported, may be exported with the ben efit of drawback, and without any deduction from the amount ofthe duly on the same, at any time within three years from thedate when the same may have been, or shall be impov'ed : Provided, That ail existing laws regulating the exportation of goods, wares, and o all o'.lter respects complied with. And p ointe d farther , Tii-.it this act shall not he so con. Slrucd as to liter in any manner the terms of credit now al lowed by the law fur the duties oil goods, wares, or mer chandise imported. Approved: Gth Jan. 1S.'9. -ares, and Iiundise, shall have, he Pubi iu, No. 5 AN ALT to allow a salary tu the Marshal of the District of Connecticut. Re it enacted by the Senate and / faune of Representative « of the United Slavs of Amenât in Congress assembled, That the sum of two hundred dollars be, and the same hereby is, allowed annually, as a salary to the Marshal of the District rtf Connecticut. Approved : 6ill January, 1829. , , h From tic London Reehiy hex teu. LOVE AND MAMMON. j • mpan - ,he other evening with the mas , f Africat, trader- He was a communicative : J* 01 . ™ £"| several interesting anecdotes. '^cularly strack me. S will not pre | |en( , describe the localities, but merely attempt an ouljine of t |, e story. The captain had lor several i ears traded to Sierra Leone and the coast adjacent, ' far gold dust, ivory, ike. ; and about six years since, J, ou tward voyage, he had called at Sierra Leone, |, ad disposed of a part of his cargo at that colony, und Iron» thence had sailed to another part of the CHaï t, far the purpose of traffic with the natives. Ill ., considerable village, with the inhabitants ol which | K . | la d previously dealt, lie encountered a young Lo g|j,|,m.xn. When he questioned him as to the chance that had thrown him upon that shore, ami Ins rao lives for remaining among the savages, lie gave some slight evasive answer, and the captain from thence considered it probable that he was a seaman who |, a d committed some depredation, and bad fled from bis ship ; lie was a well looking intelligent inan, and had received some education. He stated Ins name in be William Smith. He had taken to wife an only daughter of one of the chiefs, a mild interesting girl, and for a negress, pretty, Before the captain's „ PXt voyage s |,e had become the mother of a fine little boy, who bore no resemblance to her, except (hat its skin was daik; its features and nir weie decidely European. At that period the young En glishman tendered a considerable quantity ol gold dust, for which he demanded either specie, S|linethillg ,,f intrinsic value, the gaudy trifles for wllich t |, e natives would have bartered it, being of no i lllp „ rta iice in his eyes ; and the captain was pellet! to accede to his terms. Next voyage lus de „land was different s he required for the gold he pre i sente() , (( , hecapt)litli a ca bin passage tu England (or j himself and his little son. "What will you do with ^ ^ ... askp( , , |le captain : « Leave her be | hj„d" was the reply : " what could 1 do with such ^ ^ Ei)it | an(( f , rann „ t possibly lave a bet tel . opportunity than at present: a fortnight ago she gave birth to a child, that lias since died, as she is ^ c()||| - |n(>( | t ,i her hut. I can make preparations w ithout exciting her jealous curosity f c | t t |, e truth .it his remark ; the agreement was made and Smith desired that lour men should be sent al ter nightfall to a retired spot lie named, for the pur pose of conveying his chest on board, which the cap tain was firmly persuaded cuntaiued something valuable than clothes or books. When every thing arranged for their departure, one of the sailors contrived to get the child onboard without observa tion, and Smith, disguised in a sailor's jacket and 01 com* 'The captain more was trowsers was equally fortunate. It was evening—the bree/.e arose, the sails were spread, and the vessel receded from the land. J hey had not proceeded far, and there was still sufficient light to distinguish objects, when some ot the men observed a figure spring from the shore they had leit, into the sea, and swim in the direction they were sailing. Presently as the figure gained upon them, they heard wild shrieks and deep lamenta tions ; which the captain discovered, hv a hasty ex clamation that escaped from Smith, who was then on deck, to proceed from his w lie. agony became more distinct as the poor creature, with incredible swiftness, followed them ; hut still as the vessel kept suiting on, there seemed little chance of her reaching it. For an instant the wail ings would cease, and all would be silent ; again the piercing shrieks and heart fending exclamations would smite the ear. and touch even the hardest heart. The captain from being accustomed to the language, could distinguish that she repruachuil her husband, and called vehemently for her child, by every expression ol natural affection. The captain turned to Smith, and asked if he should send off the boat and bring her on hoard ; Smith answered with an impatient negative and went below. The cap tain sti.tul gating a minute alter Smi'li had left him, irresolute how to act ; one instant he resolved she should come on board, and the next he considered that if .'smith abandoned her, as it appeared probable he would, how. should he provide for the wretched woman iu England. As he stood thus considering the voice grew fainter, there was no intermission ol the cries, hut it was now only a murmuring sound, that was borne upon the bree/.e. The captain's re solution was fixed, his orders were given and the next moment the boat was lowered, but it was too late ; suddenly the murmuring sound was hushed. and nothing was presented to the. seamen's view but the motion of the restless waves. ... , • ■_ , H IS not a month, continued tile captain. Since, I met Smith in Finsbury square : I immediately re cognised him,but passed without speaking: he hail a | a d y on liis arm, whom I had before seen, she is daughter of -but no matter, perhaps it , . ^ 1 , would be as well not to mention the name. Howe ver, Iter father is highly respectable, and I dare say has been imposed upon by some false story, have since heard lie lias been married to the young , , b t t |, ree mollths , aml that he has been some . J , , , . time a partner in a respectable house in the city ;so there is no doubt but my conjectures were correct, that the cites', contained something of value. The wailings ol t C. O'N. From Schoharie, -V. Y. Republican Reader perhaps von never heurd of the boy who took a stent, (as the phrase is down cast,) to mow three acres of grass, in as many days? Presuming you have not, we will relate it. On (lie first morn ing he views Ihe field :—Pooh! (said he) 1 can mow it in two days, so lie plaved that day. The next morning lie looked at it again, and after scratching his head and ruminating a short time on the subject, he came to the conclusion that if he worked " right smart," he could accomplish his task in one day— so he spent that day as he had the day before. On the morning of the third and last day, he arose late ami it was near ten o'clock before lie reached the After casting his eyes over it, he began to doubt whether lie could accomplish his task in one day ; the field looked considerably larger than it did the dav previous. He stretched himself under a shady tree, to reflect on the subject : presently he heard the dinner horn—it was noon '. He jumped up— swung his scythe over his shoulder, and turned his face homeward, muttering to himself that he "wasn't -agoing to kill himself if it never got mowed and tlml he'd "be darn'd lo darnation, ff there was a man m the six counties, that could mow that con founded big piece of meadow in one day." and lor ids part. " he shouldY.it try it."—So, after eating his dinner, ho went to play as usual. The_ _ -*= POKBICBT. From the London Timex , Mov. 1. In alluding on Thursday last to the official papers relative to the American tariff, with which are pre sented a number of documents originally published in the United Slates, we characterized the whole collection as one of extraordinary value and im portance. The most interesting feature of this publication is, that it contains a full statement of the American case considered in opposition to that ol England, on the subject of protecting and prohibiting duties. Nothing can m itself be more unreasonable—noth ing, we really think, in the mouth of an Englishman, more immodest—than the habitual use of angry ami vindictive language towards other countries, on oc casion of their choosing to adopt a precedent which this country has been first In establish (and, so long as it suited the purpose, to persist in,) for securing her own manufacturing interests at the expense of) all other nations. I Mr. Huskisson has bp.en spoken of ^sthe author I of what is termed " a liberal system of commercial | policy," in contrast with the old system of either lit- H oral or virtual prohibitions. Now it is necessary to distinguish between those acts of Air. Iluskisson which relax the navigation laws, or afiect the col onies, anil those which facilitate the introduction ol *■* foreign produce or manufactures to the home mar ket of Great Britain. The papers before us cun corn themselves almost exclusively, as we shall do, with the latter branch of English liberality, and they b can leave no shadow of doubt upon the minds of those who were not already aware of a fact quite obvious and unquestionable, that Mr. Iluskisson, whether by removing a prohibition, or reducing an impost, gave no indulgence to the foreign manufac turer, of which that manufacturer could in any in stance take mill practical advantage. Where a free competition lias been offered by Mr. Iluskisson to tbreigu dealers in the staple objects of lirilbli in dustry, it was in cases where the liritisli manufac ture had arrived at a pitch of excellence which sets all real rivalry at dt fiance ; and wherever such ri valty was still probable, why then there was no relaxation. We do not say this as any sort of re proach to Mr. iluskisson, further than having appli ed to bis own acts a term which better fitted his pro fessions. He professed to be " liberal" while he was merely observant and shrewd. We believe that where Mr. Iluskisson failed to offer a fair and i substantial reciprocity lo other nations, it was when he had no power to act as lie desired. We all re collect what a hornet's nest was brought about the ears of the right honorable gentleman from that mo ment when lie first announced his intended substi tution of a duty for prohibition in the silk trade, to that in which under a storm of abuse and impreca tion, lie completed that most salutary measure. That was an act to which the name of " liberality" iiatl, by a monstrous error of language, been appro priated ; the liberality consisting in tins,—that the riecht honorable gentleman adjusted his duty for the critical purpose (which purpose he has most skilful ly accomplished) of opening foreign markets to Brit ish silks, in tenfold the degree to which lie admitted French silks into the Biitish market. Bat if Mr. Iluskisson he not rcprouchable for this practical protection of tho home industry, under a professed system of general relaxation ; neithercan with the least pretence to justice, a foreign peo ple he condemned for following Mr. lluskisson's ex ample. The right lion, gentlemen did nothing tow ards allowing either foreign manufacturers or foreign producers any access to this market, by which live goods or native produce could ever so minutely sutler ; anil the United States, by the tariffs of 1824 and 1821!, have only gone the length of such protec tion to their manufactures as it was not requisite for the matured manufactures of England to protect by any new legislation. We accused France of illiber ality towards England ; anil why ?—because effects by law those purposes which England like wise secured by law, so long as the imperfect state of Iter native skill and capital required such ilian. na she gtiur We find—in an exceedingly curious and instruc ive. though in some instances a biassed and partial document, the " proceedings of a convention of mi ufactures at tlarrisburgli, United States" lowing description of the modern British policy, concluding with a quotation from M. St. Cricq, di rector of the French Customs, which is naive and just. 'The British Free Trade System forbids the importation of every article which the British soil or labor can produce, except in some such articles as, from superior capital or other causes, she makes cheaper than any other nations. To an application from the British Minister, fora reduction of duties pari passu with that of Great Britain, the French Director of the Customs, M. St. Cricq, sagaciously replied—' The system adopted by England is admi rable, because it endangers none of her manufactures; and ice, ichcn we are us forward as England, will lie as liberal. < tn the fol But until then, we must abide by prohibitory duties." The meeting at llarrisburgh was an assembly of delegates from most of the States of the Union. These representatives of the manufacturing interest of America sat for several days, and framed memo rials and propositions for the Congress, which serv ed in many instances as the basis of the tariff law which passed the last session. our ibis is the true cause ot the new protecting duties imposed in Atne nca on behalt of native industry.—this its unan swerable justification, and this, finally a luminous j tint to the landed loggerheads ofthe United King-1 The great and nl most exclusive ground on which the establishment of protecting duties in the United States w»s defen ded, both by manufacturers and by agriculturists, was the virtual prohibition of the corn and flour of America from the markets of Great Britain, and the impossibility of otherwise indemnifying the Ameri can grower for this rejection of his grain, than by the encouragement of domestic■ manufactures, for a more speedy increase and condensation ot hands which might consume his corn. idom, who will not see that the best security tor their rents is the prosperity ol the British mnnuluctures. Nothing, we repeat, can excuse tho bitter non ,en»e talked in and out ol 1 arl.ament, against For etgn Oovernments, who prcler their own dear anil mdiflerei.t goods to bette. and cheaper articles m, uf "«" re " e, "* be "- 1 m people, (he c , may—and d they understand their ill —condemn them : hut what right have we, hardened sinners as wo are, to bring that as a charge against American malignity, which is but an imitation of old English pigheadedness and folly ? Da tive consumer ow n interest : . , ' ' l0 Russians were bombarding iddin !m( ^ ^ November, and had destroyed t *1"?*» M,( } srt f * re >° ll,c '' ,sl ' """'ket. . 1 lie three Ambasfadors remained at Toros, nogo* ciating with Capo il Istrias. It was believed that H recce would he made entirely indepcnilcrt, and ihe fortifications in the Motea, given up lo the Greeks, Eapo d Istri i had returned from I'oiosto I'.gina before the I Dili October, and issued a proclamation, *■* "hieb be stated, that in consequence of the obsti nacy ol the Porte,the three powers had acknowledg ed Uie independence of Greece, 1 he Emperor Nicholas was. received on his b 1, u to St. I'etershiirgh, with great enthusiasm. News from Alexandt ia, contained in the Austrii .. Observer, announces I lie arrival of the first expedi hon ot transports with troops from the JVlorea, the 24th ol September. There ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPE. lly the packet ships Montano, and Charlemagne front Havre, we bave received Paris dates to (he December. The papers no not contain anv conlir ination of the story of a battle in which the Turks were staled to have lost 30,0(JU men. Intelligence was received from Bucharest on th e 27th October, that Calafat had been evacuated sud denly by the Turks, who liait retired la Wid din. re n on were 2G vessels, 5ÜU0 troops, (500 horses, and 300 brass cannon. The Grand Vizier, Mebmed Selim Pacha, hail been deposed and banished to Uallipote, lzzct Meh met Pacha, who defended Varna, to (he last, hud been promoted to his place, peeled of treachery in that affair, has been declar ed to be suspected, and his properly lias been confis cated. Jussouf Pacha sus Don Miguel had met with a serious accident, his thigh having been broken and several ribs ; and the buckle of bis girdle bad, as it was supposed, oc casioned an internal injury. '1 he Empress mother of Russia died on the 4th of November. On the 1 llh of November, the sick list at Gibral tar amounted to 1)24, of which 444 were danger ous. 1 he King of England had partially recovered from his illness, and gave audience to a number of foreign ministers Ministers. An intrigue, it seems, is on foot in Liverpool to deprive Mr. Iluskisson oi his scat in Parliament for that town. I he Augsburg Gazette contains (lie following intelligence, dated from the frontiers of Wallachia, Nov. O, " According to accounts Iron) Crajoujia. Gen. Geismar has reaped new laurels by the suc cess of a formidable attac k on the 'Turks in their im portant position at the leic-ilc-pont of Kalafat and °j vv 'hioh he succeeded in making himself master. Sillistria is yet besieged. It appears beyond doubt that the Russians will maintain their positions this side the Danube throughout the whole line from V arna and Sillitria, passing through Bazardjik, which is now being fortified as a place of defence. Since the fall ol \ arna, the Grand V izier is sup posed to occupy a position between Schumla and Paravadi. among them was the American i'!: Paravadi. in Portugal there in h reaction against the usurp 0(1 government of Don Miguel. Constitutional hands were formed—first in the province of Tras-os Mon tes, mid afterwards in other parts of the kingdom. A letter from Lisbon dated Oct. 29, says that a very numerous one had made its appearance within leu leagues ot the capital. A great panic is said to pre vail in the country, and the cabinet of Don Miguel have been thrown into great alarm. A proclamation has been issued offering large rewards for secret denunciations of conspirators. By the packet slop Columbia , Delano, we have the London papers to the 2d Dec. inclusive. The dates trom the continent are not so late as those re ceived by the Charlemagne. A T ranklbrt letter of the 21st notices the existence treaty ot alliance between Russia and 1'russia as no longer doubtful, and added, tHat according lo the stipulations of the said treaty, 100,000 Prussians were to enter Poland on the first movement of the I olish army to proceed beyond their frontiers. The London Courier ot the 29th, does not attach any cre dit to the report. The Russi ot i in Admiral Ileyden has given official notice ol the blockade oj the Dardanelles and Con stantinople. '1 tie Courier de Smyrna of the 27 of September, says On the 25th, the commander and staff officers of the American frigate Java , gave a brilliant bait on hoard ship, to which all the Europeans of note at Smyrna were invited. The Swedish fleet arrive ed at Egina on the Gth, and sailed again for tl.eMc diterranean on the 9lh. The perilous voyage of the Cvar to Odessa. —The following details upon the danger to which the Em peror of Russia, and the Diplomatists who accompa nied him to Varna, were exposed upon their return from thence, are contained in a private letter ofthe -hlh ot October from Odessa. 'The two vessels, on hoard of which were the Emperor and the Foreign Ambassadors, had scarcely left the roadsted of Var na. when they were overtaken by one of those hor lible tempests which are seldom known any where except in the Black Sea. in the midst of a thick nig, which completely obscured from the view the skj, the land and the sea, the two vessels were 90011 separated from each other, and lost to (rightful darkness. It is impossible to convey an idea of the violence of the wind, the fury of the waves, and the confusiou on board ofthe ship ; Cant. A' j Court who had the command of the imperial vessel, was the only individual who maintained sangfroid,