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The New Hampshire gazette. [volume] (Portsmouth [N.H.]) 1793-1847, January 05, 1847, Image 2

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S CAZETTE.
CONGRESSIONAL .
Moxbpay, Dee. 28,
Senate.—A mes<age was received from the
President= Mr Johnson ot La., presented a
petition from sugar planters, complaining of the
tarift of 1846, which reduces the duties on for
eign sugars aud rnolasses, and asking the resto
ration of the former rate of duties existing un
der the tariff of $842. A debate ensued, after
which it was referred to the Finance Commit
iee.
The Vice President signed the bilf for the ad
mission of lowa into the Union. ‘l'he bill pro
viding for the purchase of the papers of Alex
ander Hamilton then came up for consideration.
It finally passed by a vote of 26 10 12. The
Senate went into Kxecutive session and adjd.,
House.—Mr Sawyer obtained the floor and
the debate was continued by Mr Buker of lilin
ois, who has just returoed from Mexico. He
explained the dificulties under which the vol
unteers attached to the army are laboring. He
adverted to the increase of the army and the
vizorous prosecution of the war, and offered a
Jeint resolution authorizing the Secretary of
War to deliver clothing to the officers of the
armny for the ase of the volunteers. 'l'he com
mitiee then rose and the joint resolution was
reported to the House, |
Mr Haralson offered a joint resolution, pro
viding for the refunding to the several States
the expenditnres necessacy for the subsistence
of the volunteers previous to their being mus
tered mto the serviee of the Umited Srates,.—
It was read twice and referred to the military
Cotmnmiitee,.
‘Fhe commistee on enurossed bills reported
the bill for the admission of lowa into the
Univn, and it was signed by the speaker. ‘T'he
debite on the President’s Message was order
ed,. by a votre of 92 to 77, 1o be closed to-day at
3 v’cioek. Fhe House then went into commit
tee of the whole on the President’s Message.
On Tuesday, Dec. 29, on Mr Mangun’s mo
tion, the Senzte adjourned before reading the
Journal, atter the announcement es the decease
of the Hon, Mr Barrow, U. S, senator from
Louisiuna,
In the House, on motion ot Mr Starkweather,
the joint resolution offered by Col, Davis and
pased yesterday, was reconsidered by a vete
of 91 to 51, and referred te the military com
mittee,
Mr Haralon, from the military committee,
reported a bill to raisa ten additional regiments
for the regular army, ro serve five years. or
during the war ; also, two joint resolations for
refunding to the several states the expenses in
curred in mustering troops, and for the snhsis
tence of volunteers until mustered into the ser
vice. Also, a bill to increase the efficiency of
the regiments of the regular army and to pro
vide for disabled soldiers. Sundry private bills
were submitted, and a bill authorizing the erec
tion of light houses,
Mr C. J. Ingersoll offered a resolution for the
printing of' 5000 extra copies of the documents of
25th June on Mexican aflairs.
Mr Bamlin offered a joint resolution closing
the refectories in the basement of the eapitol,
unless the proprietors suspend entirely the sale
of intoxicating drinks—adopted. < A” bill was
reported providing for the setilement of the
claims of New Hanipshire, A memorial was
presented from nine thousand members of the
yearly meeting of Friends, of New England,
in opposition to the war, Aftera debate, the
motion te print was laid on the tuble by a vote
ol 77 10 b 5,
T'he statex were called in order for resolutions
and a large nuniber were presented, among oth
ers, one inquiring in reference to the erection
of light houses and other improvements to the
barbors on Long Island ; one tor the repeal of
the law authorizing the taking of depositions
ex parle ; one for the erection of buoys between
Phila. and Bristol,
A resolution amending the rules so as to
prevent personal explanations, &c., was taken
up. - - :
Adjourned. .
HoxeyMoox o THE ST. Lawrence. Lord
Elgin has been getting married at St. Peter’s
Chureh, St. James’s, just as he is on the point
of setting off for—where, do you suppose?—
Leamington, Cheltenham, Brighton, Torquay,
Pau, Coma, &e. Nothing of the sort; but tor
Canada, ot which he has been made Governor-
General. Now, only fancy a ‘man going to
spend the houeymoon in a place so cold that it
requires three thermometers to tell when the
kettle boils. There would be some sense in
taking vour spouse to Sierra Leone, or Borneo,
or Madagasear, or any quiet watering place in
the tropics, where <he and you and a few boa
constrictors, a couple of alligators, a hyena or
two, and the yellow fever, might do the domes
tic to the tune of *Love’s Young Dream,” and
no charge mude (or coal or candles, besides be
ing always particularly well off for soap, be
cause of the pali oil. But the idea of a lady
with a “wreath of orange blossoms,”” as the
song says, in her hair, being whisked off into a
snow wreath, is enough to put the gallantry of
a polar bear to the blush. Tmagine a bride sit
ting down to her first breaktast at T'oronto, and
finding her dry toast has to be divided with a
hand-saw, and the butter with a chisel and mal
let 5 while, it she i< not particalarly nimble in
hlowing her corjugal nose, she will have invol
urtarily hoisted a signal of distress, in the shape
of a frozen pocket handkerchief, which can on
ly be remioved by the application of hot water
fomentations, as if 1t were a skin plaster you
were taking off, anmd were not sure the skin
wouldn’t ecome with it, Coneceive her astorish
ment at seeing good sized hammers and pick
nxes placed on the table with the dessert, and
an orange of an apple dng out or the dish with
as much uproar and difficulty as though it were
a specimen of petrified moonshine, or a fossil
aurora borealis tor the geologieal section of the
British Assoeiation. Aund, lastly, picfure her
consternation when, on wishing to retire for
the night, <he is preceded by two Irish laborers,
to pull down the congealed bed clothes, and an
Ojpibbeway chamber-maid to use a sereeching
warming pan, large and hot enough to singe a
h\'(b) year oid pig a dozen yards off. — Liveapool
Aibion :
Boor Jacks.—An amazing pair of feet ap
ycnreé in the bar-room ot an ambitious village
min, late vne evening, the owner of which in
gnirtd anxiously for the boot-black. ‘l'he beli
rang nervously; and i a moment a keen Yan
kee illustrator of * Day and Mar Tin’s best,”
popped into the room. ¢ Bring me a jack !’
exclaimed the man of the great ‘understanding.’
I'he waiter involuntarily started forward, but
chaweing to eatch a glhinpse of the boots, he
stopped short, and after another and closer ex
anunation, saul with equal itwang and empha
sis : * | say yeou, you aint agoin to leave this
world in a hurry ; voulve got too good a hold
onto the ground, Want a boot-jack, el ?2—
Why, bless your soul, there aiot a boot-jack-on
airth big enuff tor them boots ! | dow’t believe
that a jack-ass could get them off.> “My stars!
mwan P’ eried our triend of the big feet, “what'll
§do 2 lean’tget iy boots oft without a juck ?”?
“iiell you what I should do,? rephed **boots"’
*f they were mine ; | should walk back 1o the
- Jorks of the road, and pull 2em off there ! That
would feteh "em, | guess’— Knickei bocker.
- Virginia VorLunTeers.—ln consequence of
nmerous tenders of service, Gov, Smith, we
fearn bas requested permission for Vireginia to
supphy an additional hattallion of Volunteers for
tie diexican war,— Richmond Enquirer, Mon
day. ; |
¥ £ |
PORTSMOUTH:
Tuesday Mornimng—Jan. 5, 1847.
ITTSPECIAL NOTICE.
We, the undersigned, proprietors and pub
lishers of the New-Hampshire Gazette, intend
ing- i the course- of the present week to trans
fer said’ establishment to other hands, improve
this opportunity by giving notice of our de
sire to square up the accounts of the estab
lishment as speedily as possible ; and respect
fully request all who are indebted to the es
tablishment either by subscription, advertis
ing, or job-work, to call and settle up. Those
having demands against the establithment
will please present them.
("~ We may be found at the ‘‘old stand”
until further notice.
SAMUEL W. MOSES,
GEO. GREENLEATF,
Portsmouth, N. H. Jan. 5, 1847,
’ v
Valediction,
T present number probabably terminates the ed
itorial labors of the present editors, together with all
'our connexion with the venerable and time-honored
[periodicul, the NEw-HAMPSHIRE GAZETTE,—the
j'junior editor and his partner in trade, proprietors and
| publishers, having contracted to transfer the establish
ment to other hands, will doso in all probability before
the next sncceeeding day of publication. The causes
which have led to this transfer, are not perhaps neces
sary to be enumerated. But it is well known, that,
for the past three or four vears, a division has existed
in the Democratic party of this State—we do not mean
the late division got up by John P. Hale—but one of
longer standing, and which grew partly out of certain
new principles or tests of democraey in State policy,
and partly out of the canvass for the last presidential
election,—on both of which subjects the present editors
took a somewhat conspicuous and decided stand.
In regard to State matters,wewere called ‘“conserva
tives;”’ or, by way of opprobrium, *‘coonservatives;*’
—first, because we thought Ruilroals should be o far
controlled by State legislation as to be made complete
ly subservient to public use; and, being so, that they
should, under proper and safe regulations, be entitled
to the right of way; and we said in the outset:—if the
present forms of charters do not render them sufficient
ly secure to public use,—then alter them, so as to
make them secure. But no: Gentlemen who claimed
to be exclusive'y Simon Pure “radical democrats,”
and among them John P, Hale and a distinguished gen- ‘
tleman who wrote what was termed *¢ the Curry let
ter,”—insisted that Railroad charters must not be gran
ted with the right of way, on any conditions;—anJd we
freely confess they stuck to their text, like consistent
peliticians; until they altered their minda. All know
how this matter terminated.
Avother point of state polities, on which we were so
anfortunate as to differ from these gentlemen, and for
which we were also denounced as “‘coonservatives,”
was, that we contended, that banks and other business
corporations ought to be obliged to furnish a better and
safer security to the public, than the unlimited indi
vidual or personal liability of fugitive stockholders, a
great portion of whom, in the event of a crush, or
bank failure, would be returned as non est, and the
burden would come on a few honest ansuspecting in
dwiduals, while speculators and stockjobbers would be
very vareful to ““stand from under,”’ and escape un
seatied. Our plan was:—No bank charters, except
under general laweg; and ample pledges of stocks or
real estate for the public security, before going into
operation. In fine, our propositien was in substance
precisely the same plan as that recently adopfed ir. the
uew constitution of the State of New York. But our
opponents insisted thatunlimited personal liability was
the only =afe panacea. So far as to State politics; and
gentlemen will bear in mind that we can quote chap
ter and verse for all we say.
But these are ““by-gones’® and exploded systems,
and we only allude to them to remind the public of
what has been our course as to matters of differerce
arising from state politics. As to the Presidency —af
ter the nommation, we, iz common with all other de
mocrats in the State, supported James K. Polk; and
this o, ardently and tn good faith; and in the main
we support and defend the great principles of his ad
winistration; but the mischief was, we did not previ
ously support the claims of Martin Van Buren to a
nomination,—but went heart and soul for Jobn C.
Calhoun; and very few, if any, who did so, on this
side Mason and Dixon’s line, have found auy favor
with tho present adwinistration. To be sure, we ne
ver applied for any office, and have of course on that
accouni no reasen to comwplain for not being appointed
to one; but some of our friends have been turned our
of ojice,—~and as it respects the New H ampshire Ga
zette, George Bancroft, (i politeness the Chesterfield
of 'America,) who is now goue to attend the court of
Queen Victoria, had no sooner got warm in his seat as
Secretary of the Navy, than he strack its na:ne from
the list of adverusing papers for the Navy Deparunent!
This ought to be told as often as Cobbett told the
Prince Regent about lus imprisonment, and paying a
fine of a thousand pounds to the King his father, in sat
isfaction of a verdict in a certain libel case. This did
not killthe Gazette, however. [ts udvertising patron
age never was better than it now is.
i may be, and we think it likely, that we were nis
represented by those who claim to be democrats par
excellence. 'This ““conservative’ denuuciation added
1o that of ‘Srenegades® and *‘traifors,”” which was
rung throughout the State in 1843, "4 and ’5, without
rhywe or reason, served to keep up a sort of panic,
like a ery of “‘mad dogs.” Nobody out of the State un
derstood It;—and nobody in the State could give any
rationul application of the terms. But no matter,—
all naturally concluded it implied some political here
sy, and it answered the end, to fix a sort of vpprobrium
on us and our friends, in the eyes of democrats abroad ;
and it may perhaps be no wonder if the administration
were deceived. Indeed, we were informed in a letter
from a friend in Washington, within some three months
past, that a member of the eabinet had then recently
expressed to him an imipression that we were connec
ted with the John P. Ilale faction , or aboliiionists!!—
Heaven save the mark ! We don’t know any body
in the State that has been mores uniformly opposed to
John P. Hale than we bave. Had all Dem ocrats of
New Hampshire acted as we have done, he never would
have found a seat in the House of Representatives—
far less the Senate. He was elected to Congress by
our ““radical’ ’ opponents—they supported him—back
ed him in his abolition notions—were as much opposed
to the annexation of Texas as he was, until it became
likely to be a popular measare. " When we took ground
in favor of that measure, in the fall of 1843, all the
Democratic papers in the State, except Hill’s Patriot,
denounced the measure; and in purticalar, one in this
town denounced both the measure and us, in the most
bitter terms. We need not repeattheir words,—every
man in the State knows what we say to be a fact.
There is a class of politicians, who seldom think of
first principles; or if they form an opinion of any pub
he measure, have not the independence to express it,
antil they get their cue from particular leaders. They
determine the matter very much as Knickerbocker re
presents the Dutchwen of ancient Nieuw Nederlandts
—[New York]—to have ascertained the course of the
wind, They all had weathercocks or vanes on the
tops of their houses, but they pointed in all directions,
and nobedy could tsll 10 any eertainty which way
the wind was, withont looking at the weathercoek on
the lop of the old Dutgh Governor’s Honse, [lis was
alwanys sureto be right, because he kept a man on
purpos: to ¢limb up the spire and turn this vane as of
ten as the wind shified! The Baltimore convention,
like the old Duteb Governor's weathercock, gave the
~ signal about annexation,—there could be little doubt
| then which way the wind blew, and onr good friends
“ who had donounced the measure, and denounced us
for supporting it,; vied with each other which should
be foremost in the race for annexation. We kept on
our course; —we supported Mr Polk, as we have said
before, cheerfully and in good faith: for though he was
not our first choice, we cousidered him the best man
| then in nomination. Annexation has been consumma
| ted agreeubly to our wishes, and its delegation intre
. duced into the councils of the nation.
As to the causes of the transfer of the Gazette, it is
well known, that with these differences of opinion on
certain political points,eertain local and personal differ
ences have been engendered; among which particularly,
were those growing out of certain official acts of the
Collector—that his confirmation was consented to undei
pledges that he should do every thing that was right in
regard to all differences growing out of his official acts,
to restore harmony and make all right and satisfactory,
o ;—and we
hope it may be so; that is all we wanted, We have
asked for nothing except a restoration of those Navy
advertisements to the Gazette—and never intend to;
but even these, if hereafter restored, cannot of course
enare to our henefit. But what this had to do with the
transfer of the Gazette, we conld not for our lives tell;
though the gentleman who was the first and principal
negotiator, represented it as a desirable object with a
view to harmonize ail matters, 1o purchase the paper
that has been set up in opposition to the Gazette, and
alsy to purchase the Gazette, and haye them both
united with a proprietor and editor from out Portsmouth,
“and perbaps out of the Siate, who had had no concern
}in any q&'ifl'erences. We had no desire to sell,
‘} and ‘fie; ould well enough carry on the paper,
-and satisfactorily,—as he seemed perfectly to concur
with us’in the political opinions and doctrines we in
-culcated ;—and as for any quarrels, we had no desire
to continue them—had not for many months alluded to
the paper set up in opposition to us, and never desired
to again. But the gentleman deemed it necessary to
harmony, for those concerned in both papers to with
~draw—that we would not of course like for those con-
cerned in the other paper to have any control in the
new arrangement, and they on their part would make
the same objection to us. He said he wanted no
change in the political course of the Gazette; and (as
we suppose by way of compliment to the senior editor)
made the remark, that if it were a question of the choige
of an editor to a democratic paper in his own village,
or any where out of Portsmouth, he would be as vyell i
sutisfied with us as with any editor in the State. /Of
course, we took this as @ mark of the gentleman’g po- '
liteness. Well, we consented with the assurdgnce,
that none of those connected with the opposite pa pfr, or
their immediate friends,should have any control o any
thing to do with the new arrangement,—and wg, on
our part, would claim none;—and further, thit the
junior editor should be paid the sum he gave pr his
part of the estabiishment. {
Subsequently, a plan was proposed by a committee,
to submit the concern to a valuation by appraisas, in
to which the junior editor, who iv oue-half proprietor,
was reluctantly drawn;—not that we reflect pn the
gentlemen employed as appraisers, though we think
they have erred; but because we deem it to banlways
a bad poliey for any man to submit the valujtion of
his property to others. No man can judge of the value
so well as himself, especially gentlemen liying ata
distance; and the negotiators would aceept po apprais
ers here of any party. But “the bond” wps signed;
and would have been complied with a week since but
for an unavoidable contingency. A
And now for a few worls by way of taking leave of
our old political friends, who have stood’by us in and
under all adverse cireumstances, and proved themselves
true to us and the principles we have advocated. We
present them our heart-felt thanks for all their kind
nesses and favors. Had they possessd the pecuniary
means, we doubt not the whole of the estabhishment
would have been placed in our charge, with such
additions as would have enabled vs to enlarge and
improve it. But they are men of moderate and small
nemins — God send that those means may eventually
increase a thousand fold—they sssuredly deserve it.
According to the price now stipulated, the junior
editor will be a loser, on his first purchase, of a con
siderable portion of his three or four years earnings.
But he is young, and we trust the wide world will
farnish a pathway through it, and we hope a safe one,
The position of the senior editoris and has ever boen,
probably, different from that of any other editor in the
United States. He has never held any pecaniary
interest in the Gazette or any other paper; nor has he
written for or received compensation. If his (wenty
years services have contributed to the benefit of the
democratic party, they have ever been gratuitous.—
tis sk, especially for three or four years past, has
been somewhat onerous, and certainly none to his pe
cuniary profit. The transfer will of course afford him
a personal relief. If, therefore, as some gentlemen
apprehend, another editor can contribute more to har
mony and union in this particular locality, by pursuing
the same political principles, without variation from
the old Jetfersonian track, we say: God speed him.—
We will be content (o be attending to our own private
concerns.
THE FEDERAL ABOLITION PARTY &
THE MEXICAN WAR. .
It is evidently the setiled determination of the fed
eral party, with an eye to political capital in the ensu
ing presidential election, to fasten the onus of this war
upon the shoulders of those chiefly instrumental in the
annexation of T'exas. We see the remark continually
bandied about by their orators and public prints, that
this war is ‘‘one of the fruits of annexation.”’ But
before they can play this game with eflect, it remains’
to be proved that the act of annexation alone was the
cause of the war. The simple fact that the war fol
lowed annexation, we contend, is not proof conclusive
that other causes did not lead to it. T'his war is most
unreasonable on the part of Mexico, and we believe
that the majority if not all of the civilized nations of
the warld so view it. She rests her entire cause upon
her claim to the whole of Texas to the Sabine !—this
che has repedtedly avowed :—and what nation, we
ask, can for a moment vphold her in so extravagant a
demand. Certainly not England—nor France—nor
Belgium ; for each and all of them long ago acknowl
edged the independence of Texas as a Republic, and
held diplowatic intercourse with her, Must they not
all then perceive the absolute folly of Mexico’s insist
ing on such a claim ?—and of her prosecuting a war in
consequence of its not being surrendered by the United
States? It is very evident they do ; for if we consult
the prominent public prints in either of these countries,
we find in none of them so strong a disposition to up
hold the Mexican cause as is maunifested by the federal
and abolition organs in the Eastern and Middle States
of this Union.
It is our firm belief that this war would never have |
broken out at all, but for the violent conduct of the !
anti-annexatien party in the United States, Mexico, |
it is trne, made her threats before the act ofannexa-!
tion took effect, but she never would have carried !
them into execution, but for the voluntary encourage- l
ment she received from a strong party in the United
States, who made free to avow, at all times and upon |
all political occasions, that the very proposition to an
nex Texas was an insult to Mexico 5 that the actof
annexation would be literally *‘stealing the territory of
Mexico’’ —and that we would in sech an event ** de
serve the condemnation of the whole civilized world.”’
This position was taken by a considerable portion of
the public pressand orators of this country, at the ear
liest peri.od of the agitation of the subject under Mr,
Tyler’s #dwministration, and is still persevered in ; and
undoubtedly was the principal cause that incited Mex
-Ico to commit the overt act, by invading Texas, (then
one of the Unned States) and shedding the blood of
our citizens,
Near the close of the last session ofCongress, about
the time that the news reached us of ‘the comience
ment of hostilities, a prominevnt_ whig member of the
House from Alabana, in a speech upon the subject,
declared that had Mr Clay been chosen President
“we would have had Texas without a war.”” By
what sort of reasoning the gentleman came to this con
clusion we are not exactly informed ; bat it is not im
probatle that he reasoned in this wise :—that had
Clay been chosen and given his-sanction to the act as
Mr Polk did after it had been matured with that ex
ception by the \prexious administration, those who put
them into office would have silenced their loud clamor
about the *“mjustice’” of the measure,—and the de
mocracy as a matter of eourse, proving true to their
country, as at all times, would, W is plain, have sus
tained Mr Clay on this point. Thus would the ad
ministration have received the support of both the great
parties in this respect,—and Mexico, being deprived
of the co-operation of a considerable faction in this
country, would have come to the couclusion that dis
cretion was the better part of valor—contented herselt
with her own territory—and abandoned the Quixotic
attempt which a party in this country have encouraged
her to make for the recovery of the Siate of Texas.
We think this must have been the ground upon
which the Alabama member founded the above de
claration, It would be uijust to suppose that he was
g 0 devoid of common sense as to found it upon the
question of slavery—which Mr Clay had said ought
not to be aflfected one way or the other by annexation.
The declaration could not be sustained on such ground,
How perfectly idle to presume that the question of
slavery would have affected the coarse of Mezico !
Had she ever given any intimation that she would
withdraw her protest if the United States would agree
forever to exclude slavery from the territory > No.—
And eveniif she had, what right had our Government
to entertain the proposition? Texas either was or
was not independentt If the former were the fact,
(which none but a knave or a fool will dispnte,) Mex
ico had no power or authority whatever to make such
stipulation. If the latter, Mr Clay would have had
no right to negotiate with the Texan government, but
with Mexico,—in which case it is very plain that Tex- |
as would have aad nothing to do with ue, and would
have disdained to enter our Union. ]
We insist upon it, that by far the greater portior. of
the responsibility of this war, belongs to the enemies
of annexation ; and we are determined that they shall
not escape it by attributing it wholly to the simple act
of annexation. The war was not a necesary conse
quence of annexation. But for the clamor gotup by the
federal party in this country, that we were proposing |
to steal from .Meg;ico her territory, we should now f
have been in quiet possession of Texas, and at peace :
with the world. - Mexico cannot have failed to witness’
the course of this party here—and she js doubtless now |
induced to protract its duration, however deplorablej
the consequences for the time being, under the unfor- |
tunate delusion that they have a strong party in lhis’
country, engaged in a crusade against our own govérn~ |
ment, and that this party may assume the reins of
government ere long, and extend to them more liberal
terms than the present government is willing to ofter. \
Poor, deluded Mexico ! Would that she could view |
these things more correctly; and realize so as to avoid l
the dreadful consequences that must result to her from
a protracted war! Would that she were convinced o(’l
the power and invincibility of that pertion of our peo
ple who are for the vigorous prosecution of this war loi
a speedy termnation,—and of the imbecility of those
who oppose such a course ! She would at once per
ceive the vanity of such hopes, and pause for an hon
orable peace, which our government is doubtless at
any moment prepared to aliow her.
THE WAR. l
The whigs have fouud that they had got
hold of the hot end of the poker in petitioning
the President for withdrawing the troops from
Mexico as well as in their scheme of impeach
ing the President. Theyv now find that the best
whigs in Congress are for sustaining the Pres
ident and strengthening the arm of the gov
ernment by all fair and honorable means.—
Mr Webster in Faneuil Hail talked about the
war being made by the President,—that it
was an impeachable offence, and all that, and
from this the whigsin the North took their
cue, and thought the whigs in Congress would
forthwith move the impeachment, and per
haps ovder the United States troops to with
draw from the Mexican territory. In accor
dance with this’it will be remembered that
early in November last the following resolu
tions in regard to the war were passed in this
Congressional District by the Whig Counven
tion at Dover.
‘*Resolved, That the present war with Mexico |
seems to have been commenced and now to be |
prosecuted without cause,”and with no justifia- l
ble end in view.” |
““Resolved, 'T'hat such a war is wholly wrong [
in itselt ; that itis secking to obtain wrong ends |
by violent means; that it shocks all our notions |
of justice; and that it must give great oftence ‘
to the lovers of justice and the friends of repub- |
lican liberty throughout the world.” !
But on arriving at Washington even Mré
Webster seems to have abandoned all idea of
impeachment;—he drops this notion like a hot |
potatoe, even before he got to the city of Phil
“adelphia, for he there says: %
“The war, however, was upon us. Our ar
mtes, said Mr Webster, are in the field, our na
vy on the seas, and it is our duly as good ctti
zens to maintain the government, and aid il in
an honoruble manner to bring the war to a
speedy conclusion. The people demanded that
every effort should be made to effect this end. |
- If it be the duty of all good citizens “to
maintain the government, and aid it in an |
honorable manner to bring the war to a spee
‘dy close ;” we would ask how in the name of
l common sense these charges on Mr Polk of
l having made the war himself, and how this
threat of impeachment of the President is
likely “ to aid the government in an honorable
' manner 7 Would an ‘arraignment of the
| President before the Senate on a charge of a
i breach ot the Counstitution, have a tendency
o aid the government and to bring the war to
. a speedy and honorable close ?” e
Suppose Congress were to pass precisely |
such resolugjons as we have copied above ;'
from the proceedings of the whig Congress
ional Convention—would that be a measure’
likely to ““ maintain the government and aid it
in an honorable manner,” and tend ** to bring |
the war to a speedy conclusion?” And if
it would be wrong in Congress to take such
an imprudent measure, is it not derogatory to
the high character of citizens, of any party, to:
pass such resolutions, when assembled to se
lect a candidate to represent them in the next
Congress ! |
We ask in all candor, and we ask to be an
swered, whether the gentleman selected by
that Convention as a candidate for Congress,
would, if now a member of that body, propose
or aid in the passage of such resolutions as
we have copied above, and which were adop
ted by the convention from which he received
his nomination? Would bhe now if a member
of the House of Representatives, stand up in
his place, and say that “ the war with Mexico
is now lo be prosecuted without cause, and
with no justifiable end in view 7’ Would he
say that ** a prosecution of this war was seek
ing to obtain wrong ends by violent means,”
—that “it shocks all his notions of justice ;”
and that it ‘“ must give great offence to the
lovers of justice and the friends of republican
liberty throughout the world 17 Would he
unequivocally take this position in Cougress !
If so, the people of this Congressional District
ought to know it. They ought to know that
men who take this position now in Congress
are few and far between. How many are
there of this anti-war party that can be brought
up to the ulteriour measures” that would say
the war was ‘“ to be prosecuted without cause
‘and for no justifiable end” and consequently
back np Mr Garrett Davis and wote against
supplies? Not'more it is. said than from ff.
‘teen 1o twenty. The people of this District
we say should know if Capt. Goodwin is ready
to face up to these Dover resolutions :
Far different is the position of some of the
best whigs in Congress. Mr Baker of lilin
ois,who it appears belongs to the army, whois
about to return to it, & is known to be a whig,
in a late speech in committee of the House of
Representatives on the President’s Message
thus expresses himself:
“I do not design to engage for a moment in
any partisan controversy on this floor. W here
my sympathies are now, and where they have
been, is well known. Where they have been,
they still are ; and there, through zood or evil
fortune, they will remain forever! But at the
present moment | cannot understand that
““‘whig” o 1 ““‘Democrat”” has anything to do
with the question which now is, or oucht to be,
before the House ; and I designm, if it be possi
ble, without anything of a partisan feeling, to
urge upon the membhers of this House to act
immediately—effectually—at once— now—for
this gallant army,”
W s e Ry ey ey g
| “l ask, what is to be gained by delay? Is
' the war to end at all? s there ever to be a
peace? How is peace to be made? sitto be
made by advancing, or by receding? Are we
1o go forward, or are we to retire? In God’s
hame, if we are to retire, let us retire now.—
' But if we are to conquer peace, why not next
April, rather than next September? Will it
‘require more money to send ont thirty thousand
mmen now than to send out twice fifteen thous
and men to wither beneath that burning sun?—
| ask, then, with all the earnestuness of my na
ture, whatever else you do—upon whatever
other subject you may differ—whether you
blame the whigs for not supporting the war, or
the democrats for rushing into war unnecessar
ily and unseasonably—hrwever you may differ
on these points, I ask you, in the name of those
-who have suffered—those who are willing to
fight—those now fighting your battles in a for
eign land—in their name | ask you to send
them aid—comfort—subsistence—support=-mu
nitions of war—supplies. Let them be enabled
to make the advance and to keep it till they
spread your banner on the citadel of Mexico.
And it | were to venture a prediction at all, 1
would say that the war is to be ended glorious
ly to the American arms and to the American
name by the end of April next, or it is to be in- ‘
terminable.”
BEER RN * * » R * % » x » »
““And now, after making these desultory re
marks, [ have to thank the House for the pa
tient and rather unusual attention with which
they have heard me. I attribute it to nothing
I have seen, or done, or suffered, but because |
come from the midst of the army, to whom a
lone this respect has been paid.” In return, |
can only say for the army that it will do here
after, as it has done heretofore, its whole duty
to the country. It is burning for advance ;
longing for anotter conflict ; desiring to find i
under the walls of Mexico ; desiring peace—an
honorahle peace—a peacconquered by the
valor of American volunteers. 1 believe that
peace can be made—if you do justice to the ar
my—within the city of Mexico, and within the
next four months, by such exertions as I have
pointed out.
T'o close these references we will now refer
to a few remarks of Mr J. Al. Clayton of Del
aware, one of the sages of the Senate in the
Whig ranks. After presenting a memorial
from sundry citizens of his State numerously
signed, as he said, by men of both political
parties, praying Congress to use speedy and
eflicient means for terminating the war with
Mexico in an honorable peace ; thus declares
his sentiments as to the most eflicient means
of bringing about that desirable end:
“ But in the position in which he stood as
one of the Senators of the United Srates, he
felt bound to say shat he did not see any efficient
means of procuring an honorable peace, except
by fairly fichting out the war. He should,
therefore, without any hesitation or reluctance
whatever, give his support to all measures
which might be proposed by those who ounghr
best to know what was indispensable for car
rying on vigorously, and to a suceesstful termin
ation, the existing war. He said nothing now
abeut furnishing the means for purchasing for
eign territory, or in any way aggrandizing the
country ; he spoke simply of the supplies which
were necessary for carrying on the war j aud,
in this respect, he should not be a whit behind
his colleagues in sustaining the efforts of the
Execntive. * * * * » ¥
With regard to the means to be employed in
the prosecution of the war, those who under
stood the subject better than he did might de
vise means ot bringing about a speedy and hon
orable peace with Mexico ; he was not prepar
ed to speak on thissubject at present, but wonld
only say generally that he was ready to co-op
erate with all who could produce measures aim
ing and calculated, in the view of responsible
men, to effect an honorable peace. Buat in his
humble opinion, at present it seemed to be their
duty to strengthen the arm of the government
by every fair and honorable means in prosecu
ting the war, so far as in their power.
Col. Baker, member of Congress from Tllinois, and
commander of one of the regiments of volunteers from
that State, arrived in Washington on the 25th ult,
and took his seat in the House. He has resigned his
place in Congress, but his resignation will not take eff
ect until the 15th inst.
The Washington letter-writers state that it is con
fidently believed, that it is intended by the Executive
to propose to Congress the creation of the office of Lt.
General, and to nominate Senator Benton to fill that
office. Opinions are divided as to the probability of
the success of the proposition in Congress
ir7™PaTrick HeEnry CALHOUN, of the army, |
son of the Hon. John C. Calhoun, has been elected |
Colonel of the 2d regiment of New York Volunteers.
Loss of the U. S. Briz Somers—Over 20 Men
Drowned!
The U. S. Brig Somers was capsized and
sunk in a few minutes, in a heavy squall from
the North, on the Bth ult., in the bay of Vera
Cruz. ‘T'here were 80 persons on board—up
wards of 20 of whom perished,—and amoug
them Passed Midshipmen Clemson and Hyn
son, who with five seamen under Lieut Parker,
burnt the Mexican brig Creole, a short time a
go, under the walls of the Castle of Ulloa. A
majority of the remainder were saved by the
ofticers and craws of the English and French
men-of-war at anchor near the Somers at the
time. Sixteen drifted ashore, one of whom
died from exposure. Eight men went ashore
on hen-coops, near Vera Cruz, after having
been in the water 30 hours, and were taken
prisoners of wur by the Mexicans.
Tue “Seecie Crause.”—We print the fol
lowing extract from the new Treasury Law, for
general information.
Skc. 18. Be it further enacted. That on the
first day of January, in the year oue thousand
eight hundred and forty-seven, and thereafter,
alldluties, taxes, sales of public lands, debts
and sums of money accruing or becoming due
to the United States, and also all sums due for
postages or otherwise, to the General Post of
fice Department, shall be paid in gold and sil
ver coin only, or treasury notes issued under
the authority of the United States: Provided,
‘That the Secretary of the Treasury shall pub
lish monthly, in two newspapers at the city of
~Washington, the amount of specie at the sever
“al places of deposit, the amount of treasury notes
“or drafts issued, and the amount outstanding on
the last day of each month.
; et ettt e et e e . o
~ “How does the razor .eut?’ said a barbor,
while shaving one of his eustomers. “Preuy
‘well, [ should think, You'vefeut me in two
places already.” i <
£ VR e A e &
AN “ AFFAIR oF Ho~Noßr “’—almost.—lt appears
that Mr Garritt Davis, Whig member of Congress from
Kentacky, the member who led the onset in the House
against the President’s Message, took offence at words
spoken by an opponent, (Mr Bayly of Virginia,) in de
bate.—The former gentleman made a proposition,
through Senator Barrow, to Mr Bayly, to repair on
Christmas morning to Baltimore, in order that Mr
Davis might there challenge Mr Bayly, without viola
ting the Duel Act. Mr Bayly aceepted the proposal,
and secured the services of Mr Seddon, of Virginia, as
his friend.” Before the parties could meet, however,
the affair took wind, and the civi! authorities of Wash
ington issued warrants against them,—Bayly was ar
rested and compelled to give bends in the sam of ten
thousand dollars to keep the peace. Davis, in the
meartime got off in an early train of cars to Baltimore.
It was thought there would be no hostile meeting, bus
that the interposition of mutual friends would settle the
difficulty.
' VERY MUCH A 8 WE ExprcTED,—The Message
of the President of the United States in answer to the
resolution of the House of Representatives of the 15th
ult., concerning instructions to our officers in Califor
nia and the Pacific &c., has been received by the
House, with the required documents. We have not
room o insert them this week, but it appears from the
message that those portions of two proclamations of
Gen. Kearney which go to the organization of perma
nent civil governments over a portion of New Mexico
““have not been approved and recognized” by the
President. This is corroborated by the Secretary of
War, and so far as we have been able to discover,
there has been no approval or recognition of any or
ganized or established form of civil government for the
Californias or any other Mexican territory by or through
the Navy Dpt. Cowmmodore Stockton was required on
the sth of Nov. last to leave the conduct of the opera
tions on land to the military occupation of the conquer
ed country,
SS7A second trial was made last week in the sec~
ond and fourth districts in Massachusetts, for the elec~
tion of members of Congress In both districts the fed
eralists succeeded. Their papers state that Mr King’s
majority in the second district is about 1400, and that
of Mr Palfry in the fourth, 100,
Davier WeBsTER vs. DaNier, WEBSTER.—
The New Orleans Courier says :—ln the despatch of
Mr Webster as Secretary of State, to ®ur Minister in:
Mexico, dated Bth July, 1843, he expressly asserts:
that the boundary of Texas extends to the Rio Grande.
In his Philadelphia dinner speech, he expressly asserts
that the boundary extends no further than the Neuces,
and says the President violated the territory of Mexico,.
in ordermg General Taylor to march to the Rio Grande.
Thanksgiving among the Indians.—Thanksgiving
was observed in the Cherokee nation, Dec. 16, agree
ably to a preclamation by the Principal Chiefs.
DEare or Sexator Barrow.—The Hon.
Alexander Barrow, Senator from Louisiana,
expired Tuesday morning at Barnum’s Hotel,
in Baltimore, and his remains were that after
noon sent to Washington for interment n the
Congressional burkal ground. ‘l'he event has
created a great sensation both in Baltimore and
W ashington. D
Ricw.—An exchange paper gives the follow
ing anecdote, and gravely asserts that several
persons were witnesses of the seene, in Sarato
ray WINC N
A raftsman who had drank a little too freely,
fell from the part of the raft where he was em
ployed, and was nearly drowned when his
brother plunged in to his relief, seized him hy
the hair, and wrs strugeling with him to the
shore. ‘l'he tide was strong, and the brother’s
strength heing nearly exhausted, he was about
relinquishing his hold, when the despairing one
raising his head above water, exclaimed, “*hang
ony, Sam! hangon!— Ll treat—ll swear I will!”?
I'be words were stimulating, anid his brother
saved his life. .
A Curious Facr.—lt 1s stated that the char
acters on Grave Creek Mound, Va., are identi
ficd with the inseriptions on some ruins lately
discovered in Nuwmidia, Africa.
DEMOCRATIC MEETING.
Pursuant to notiee a meeting of the Demo
erats of Portsmouth was held in Jefferson Hall,
on Friday evening the Ist inst., for the puarpose
of choosing Delegates to attena the County,
Councillor and Senatorial conventions. The
meeting was called to order by Kittredge Shel
don, and on moetion, Jor~ S. Dobee, was cho
sen Chairman, and Gideon H. Rundlett, See’y.
On motion of S. Cushman, Esq., Richard
Tenness, Kittredee Shéldon, Samuel Spimney,
Thomas J. Safford and Samuel W. Moses,
were appointed by the chair a committee to
nominate and report to the meeting lists of del
egates to attend the several conventions above
named,
Ou motion, Albert Haves, John R. Hill, Geo,
Greeunleaf, Wm. F. Laighton, and Stephen D,
Scrigeins, were appointed a committee to noms
inate a Nominating and Vigilance Commitiee
for the ensuing year.
Mr Sheldon, on behalf of the committee cho
sen ata previous meeting to prepare resolutions
to be presented to this meeting, submitted the
following, which were read and unanimously
adopted :—
Resolved, ‘T'hat the management of our public affairs
by the present national administration meets with our
most cordial approbation—and that, in onr opinton, the
President’s message, delivered at the crmmencement
of the present session of Congress, is a complete refuta
tion of all the Federal Whig talsehood-, which have
been by them uttered and published.
Resolved, 'Yh the war with Mexieo is, in our opin
ion, expedient and just—and that every citizen ol the
United States is bound by his regard to the laws, and:
his Jove of the institntiong, under which he receives his’
own protection, and enjoys the fruits of his own labor,
to render allthe aid he can, to sirengthen the arm of
his government, and inspirit those, whose patriotism
induces thewm to engage i the contest.
Resolved, That we have undiminished coufidexce in
the principles of the Democvatic party—having witnes
sed the practical operation of these principles, we he.
lieve, as far as they have heen carvied out, they have
had a teadency to produce the equality of all claseesg
and that if all legislation were bazed upon them, the
greatest good would result 1o the great est nmmber,
Resolved, That we consider all, who endeavor te
bring veproach on the Governmment, on account of the
existing war, whether from the stump, or from the pule
pit, or from the floor of Congress. as selfish, unpatriot=
ic, and wanting in those qualities, which go to compose
a good citizen—and that we recognize in them, the same
elements, as in those, who opposed the war of *76 an%
1812,
Resolved, Thai the issue, stavery or abolition. made
prominent by the Federal party in the present contest,
is only inended to deseive the less-informed, and the.
wnsuspecting: It is another instance of the perfidy of
a party. who have ever sought torise into power un the
suength of falsehood and chicanery.
" Resolved, That one of the brightee pages in the po
liticul history as the world has been wriiten in the year
1846—for an unjust and oppressive protective system,
enacted for the benefit 1 f the few, at the expense of the
many, has been this year compelled, by the united voice
of a_suffering people, to give way before the enlarged
principles of a free commercial intercourse and taxas
tion for revenue alone.
Resolved, Thai the doetrine of Free Trade iz our doc
trine: the word **Protection’ s not written in onr politi
cal creed= -in itself, it ¢x}l€Bses injustice 3— NO Man pev
body of men ought to ask for it—no wise legislature
ought to grant it;—we consider the Tariff of 1846, as
approaching the true standard. but future legislatios
will bring it to still greater perfection. - 3ok
| Resolved, That we highly approve of the nominationd
' of the Hon. JARED W. WILLIAMS, for Governer,
§ and of the Hon. BENNING W.JENXESS, for mems
ber of Congress, because they ‘are both gemkmol
- good muralcharacter, honest and sapable, and firmly
Pnnched to sound Democratic principlea, and firm
friends to the constitution of the United States; anid
,\ that we will uge-all fawr a nd hongrab le mea f secur
their election. .- o N
| Resolved, That the good old town of | Portsmouth al.
ways was, and now is essentially demoeratic—and tha
" we can and we will'put to route the Black and Blue
‘ -pifi!.‘a of Haleism mfl‘?cfir&hwhw%
the Tories of "7 and the blue-lighte, white-washe
Fedetralisteof 108 o v pieian " avt SRI

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