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Vermont telegraph. [volume] (Brandon [Vt.]) 1828-1843, May 12, 1836, Image 1

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.73 i "i "'" 1 , 1 -.,-"r.r ' 1 ' " - ' ' , .-, - : - ; - - -L-.r.
ORSON S. MURRAY, EDITOR AND,, PUBUSHER. ,,n , ; . ; "I AM SET FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE GOSPEL.'1 EPHRAIM MAXHAM, PRINTER.
.' " "' ,"" , .... , . ". '! 11 'i' , ... ., f j a. " V ., ,
VOLtUME ' - r , :v - : BRNJDON, THURS0AY,Miy 12, 1836. ' NUMB E B 33.
" 7 ' r n "Ji- ' : r" : " r. -s ' " 5
.TERMS, OF THE TELEGRAPH. '
CUUCuTUlCU LCI ui'Uu'"l' v uxs i
. . r, ' - . t : t . . . 1 . 1 . .1 .
. : roe UKMOtfT i f troxAFH n paoutnea vorue principle onne analogy oeiyeen nv
wwkly at iyear; pivbl witEto four tooothg; t an(j jts antitype. , . He maintains that
or J2,0 t th tod of the yar. 0roktho blqfid of the vjc-
To wbicriberf-t of th State, rending tinx and went within the 2d vail and there
. TocomptnatwluteTerduUnre. who re f dted. But
ceiTe 12Kf wore eoplee in ne bundle, and py ; . , . . , , ,
in dr.oc., 810 etch.. , ,t ivtat inference made by our author
' . ' " . r from thu feet?. He says "this holy
Arenti, who procure and pay foii tubtcnberi, Jlut" .l .v - l Za a
are entitled to the terenth copy grant.,, 4 place first w the tabernacle, and afterwards
, - la rn.kingWmuniraV.oii. ot new taeribm f temple, tyed IwaTea. where our
and remituncea, the Agenta will be partkulait in Great Hiffh Priest is pone to atCMf for
"giving the nanus and retideneet 0 eubeenbera, ' v9i , This opinion will readily follow
. and the amount to be credited to each. - th n'dmission of his first crenera I Drinciole.
AU Baptiat mlaUtera, In good ataodingio tlie ' But as that opinion, haa already, in pur
our Great Hiffh Priest. This doctrine, is ; thnercy-seat must trify, something else, 1 acticalx'ess' of our Lord's Teach
to be mamtamed from his fa-1 besides the atonement ; or else we have at
the same time two types representing one
and the same thing-, viz : the atonement ;
and also we must contemplate 'Christ as j
answering to both, tnese types, at one ana
the same time and in one and the same
act.; :;; "
Here is a confusion of figures, that is
hardly admissable, in sound reasoning.
But I see no possible way of obviating
. t1urchea, throughout the United Sutea, are au-1 vjewf successfully controverted, we
jtborizedtoactaaagenu foMhia piper. - j are.not obligated to find aomethiug.inthe
1 ' ' ftircomraunicltiona muit beoafntf, ei-1 antitvne answering tot 'riti .matt-of the
1VJ
capt .uch m aad to our Ut ofaut-criber. one or , ! But- kt en trne"aal.
P?rWw!tl not be diacontlnued untiT all aeU .SY between the type and the antitype, in
.ma are paid, except -at the tdiacretloa of the 'the case now bclore uS.v-. It was the mer
puoiisner
. t .
- :? ;INO..
To. give a single exemplification, let
me ad vert, to, jhe axiom known by the
names of the golden rule, and the univer
sal law of equity; 'all things whatsoever
yes would that men should do unto you , do
ye also unto them; for this is the law and
the- prophets. The Savior himself as
cribes to this rulenhe condensed and com
prehensive character fnr which vvh havp.
this difficulty, according to the doctrine Cltec ;t; be pronounces it an abstract of
iaia aown m me essay, uui seiung uie ( all that had been prescribed by the law and
doctrine of our author aside, and main-; tne prophets; all they delivered on the
taining the doctrine that has long been j subject is reducible to" this, so that, u eie
maintained, (and Tor aught I can see ought ' their writings lost, this sumraarv miffht
still to be maintained,) we. arrive at a 1 be expanded into all thev uttered. Not-
ready solution of this difficulty. By the ' withstanding its conciseness, it is a maxi
sufierings and death of Christ, on earth, 0fso generic a kind, that, encircling tl
as our pcdiator, nc Decame our propitia-j
tion, oraaercv-seat. This characteristic;
in the divine Being, the mercy-seat in the lT0 injury can be done, no reasonable happy 'a world of immortal beings,
temple tipifies. After his resurrection, kindness be omitted by man to man, which T .
he ascends on hi orb. and sils down at the ;e n vlnlntmn f ilo ma1 !om. nr "We must not omit to notice the a
object in the way, consistent with reach
ing Us final destination. But indirect and
compounded as is the best principle of hu
man action, the Great Teacher would have
us raise our eye to the highest point, and
aim at the loftiest mark in the universe. '
which it never taught, we are not likely
to be consistent with Truth, or with 'our
selves; and, accordingly, he who seeks
for direction from the professed teachers
of morality, finds his mind bewildered in
conflicting theories, and lu. indcrmnf
Unhinging us from the centre of self on j embarrassed by contradictor instructions,
which we have turned, he supplies us with j But -Wisdom is justified by all her chil
a common centre in God. The eye which d.i. aIjd sne is justified, perhaps, by
has glanced at the unclouded sun, is una-1 noliing more evidently than by the laws
ble, for a time, to recognise the most fa I which she has rnposed;- for flwho have
miliar objects of earth; he unveils to us j proposed any standard of rectitude, other
the splendors of the eternal throne and ' lhkn tnat which Christianity has laid
the grandeur, and wealth, and most at-; d(nvr)) or who have admii-ed anv foreign
tractive objects of the world, fade and van-, principles with the principles which she
ish from our view; he calls us away from .teaches, have hitherto proved that they
the limited and sordid pursuits of time, have oniy been "sporting themselves with
takes us into the counsels of God, invites their own deceiving"
the i us to join hands with Providence, to min- it js a remarkable fact, that the laws of
whole sphere fl social virtue, it embraces j &le in .the operations of almighty love in ; tne Mosaic Dispensation, which, confess
all things whatsoever that sphere contains. ) renewing, and beautifying, and making j edyt was an; imperfect system, are laid
down clearly and specifically in the form
of an express code; whilst those of that
- "' For the Telegraph.
. ATONEMENT.
rx Concluded v. . ;
In what does the atonement consist !
It U sharply maintained by pur author,
-af though hVvrcre' a capital aTgumeiit in
-iUrot of his 'doctrine, that tho atonement
.fiansistainthe blood of Christ, when used
in a particular manner. I am not back-
wardtb admit, that the blood of Christ is
rirequeotly represented as atoning for sin ;
.bat not, when separated,, from the sufTer
ogs ?of , Christ Our. author makes the
following quotation, to prove that the
-jxtonemenP consists, not in "the deathtt
.Christ, but; in,' his , blood.v Col; i: 20,
' Having made peace throughf the, .blood
. - . -. . t f ' i j j
ot tho cross. as tnougn uoming nau to
LCV-seat within tne vail, on Which the he ascends on hiffh, and sits down at the :s nn n violation of this roval law: ndr can v e mllst not omit 10 notice the aavan-; nurer religion which Jsns Christ intio-
blood of the victim "was sprinkled, and up-' right hand of God as our Great High 1 anv duty be itrformed which it does not i tage which the preaching of Jesus derived, duced into the world, a re only to be found .
on which the Lord appeared in a cloud Priest. Here then, Christ at the right virtually enjoin. Ifit needed any other 1 !rom tbe smPe and authoritative manner j casually and incidentally scattered, as it
of incense, and accepted the offering oft-hand of God, makes intercession by the quality "to recommend it, we might easily ' 1T which it was delivered, and the sane- j were, through a volume intermixed with
the Priest and dispensed pardon to the 1 merits of his atoning sacrifice offered on ' sb0w " that it has numerous excellencies ilons U1 which it was invested. In putting ot)cr subjects elicited by unconnected
people. The Priest alone was permitted I Calvary, lor the sins ot men. And all fullv answerable to its comprehensiveness. ;a man 011 an.v 8Jvcn course oi action, it is events delivered at distant periods, and
who come to L-od, through the medium ot it is a rule as portable as our sell-love, and ,,mFnani 10 ,,,5s P'ogrts ana persevei-, ior distant purposes, m narratives, in dis
Jesus Christ receive the sprinkling of-identical with if for what is it but the love , ance' l!iat he s"PulJ eel unlimited confi- courses, in conversations, in letters. Into
the blood of Christ ; as it is sprinkled ' 0f self applied to the destruction of selfish- dence m the wisdom and authority of his the final purpose of such an ordination,
upon the mercy-seat, that is, Christ ; and , ness, by being pressed into the service of Patron- If the instructions he receives (for an ordination it must be supposed to
we, by embracing Christ, as our atone- universal benevolence? It is the measur- are couched in ambiguous terms, or de-; be,) it is not our present business to in
ment and Great High Priest, make his ing rod, which is never out of the hand of : llverfd 1,1 a tone of uncertainty, or enforc- qUire. One importent truth, however, re
righteousness our own, and thus we re- seff for its own purpose, legalized, and ap- e wth ther verbi.sity of a special pleader, sults from the fact as it exists: That those
ceive reconciliation, forgiveness of sins, f lied to mete out the same measure for the lne methodical clauses and measured di&- xvj10 would form a general estimate of the
at the hands of God. " The slaying of good of others. It seeks to equalize vicis- tinctions of the logician, the endless exeep- moral obligations of Christianity, must de
the paschal lamb did not avail, unless its situde; to make a community of our joys .ns nn ProvistK S of the jurist or the . rive it, not from Codes but from Princi
blood were spiinkled. The blood was ' and sorrows, by distributing them as near-' mis,y film-work and cold abstractions of not from a multiplicity of directions
shed in order that it might be sprinkled. y into equal parts as if we knew not the , ineme,aF - , . ' 0 prouawv m wimt manner we are to act, but from
1 he sprinkling was necessary to preserve portion which would fall to us. It aims ; susPecl l.nat nis instructor has yet to lonn a instructions respecting the motives and
judge, oennite laea oi nis own wisnes; cr tnat he j dispositions by which all
to enter within the 2d vail, and offer sac
rifice. Now what is the true analogy be
tween these rites and the work of media
tion performed by Christ?
Let us inquire 1st, concerning the fact
that the Priest alone was permitted to go
within the 2d vail of the temple. Let the
inspired Apostle answer. Heb. ix: 7 9,
" But into the second went the high priest
alone once every year, not without blood,
which he oflerea for himself and for the
errors of the people. The Holy Ghost
this signifying, that the way into the ho
liest of all was not yet made manifest while
as the hrst tabernacle was yet standing ;
actions are to be
With tho cxpiatfori of sin, hut the blood which was a figure for the time then pres
'of Christ But 'irwe1 read the nxt two emVih which were offered loth gifts and
following verses in the same chapter, the ' sacrifices that could not make him tba
subject musvbe viewed in; a ,vcry. different did the service perfect as pertaining to th
light. ,CoUi.: MV'-.And you, tha
were-s-jmetimesauenatea anai enemies in
your mind by wickeol wptks; yet now hath
he reconcileo;, in Ue boiyofhisjUsh thro
death. Here we1 can, prove as-much by
ihfljit" ih pt Chrlstv as ou author has
proved ' h f th blood of Christ. ; What
then-nfust be our inference, 'that there are
two atonements; ot that the same is meant
by the blood of Christ, as is meant by is
slcathl Scripture, wiiL not, justify ihe
s.'paration of the death of Christ from his
W4-in-making atonemenb... They stand
so intimately connected, not Jts cause dad
effect, but in'noint of time ani circumstan
ces.- that, the " blood of the cross' and
' ihe . death" of Christ V arc used inter
'changellv .by Inspired, penmen. Isaiah
liii:.5, "But 'he", was wounded for our
"transgressions, he was bruised for our ini
'nuitics: tho chastisement of our peace
ws uwnniim." C I Peter ii: 24. Who
Jl his own self bare ouc s!os o his own body
on .ine iree, . iiiai wct uciuj;- uwu v bius
shoald live unto righteousness ; by whose
stripes 'we are healed." Col. ii ; 14,
" Ulotting out the hand-writing of ordin
ances that was against usi whch was con
trary' to us, and took it out of the way,
conscience.'' V The wayinto the holiest
pf air was not yet-, rnade manifest," or
made public. , Whatever this fact tipifies,
is of no great moment to lis ; whether it
represeuts that, there shall be one medi
ator", between God and man; or some
thing else. The fact is all that the Apos
tle declares. He says the way into the
holiest of all was not yet . made public.
Only' the High Priest was permitted to
enter j and he could do this only, once in
each year.' Not even all of the holy tribe
the Israelites. Neither will the blood of tntrnncffirm ;pl f intn nn imnnrtinl
. r . I. " . . . . t .. . J""6' .1. .. 1 ,
jesus nrist prove oi saving eincacy, cn- by giving it an interest in all the decis-1 UUUU i5 " piacweuuunj, oi jceis mat i regulated.
less it be applied. When wrath shall ! i6..s which it pronounces en others. By ! their questionable propriety requires the h appears, therefore, to follow, that in
overwhelm the unbt lieving, m the judg
compelling our selfishness o do tlie work
mentofthe last day, it will be of no avail
to plead the merit of this great sacrifice,
unless we have approached it for our
selves. Having boldness to enter into the , fare of the whole as the shortest and the
holiest by the blood of Jesus, we must 'only way of promoting our own individu
draw near with a heart sprinkled from i al interest. Let this infalible law le un
an evil (or an accusing) conscience." 1 derstood and applied, and the trade of the
" The merit of the Redeemer's blood is in-! casuist would be eone in the denartment
... :i r .j- : i- - . . . rr " "
uiuiecuug eii ui a uy lu.n g sormsuy;-- ; ,hp ,nnn rv whpthpr vnr s Mn,t;J K,r
f destruction on itself, it mala s us content ! a.na tJie P1"00301"')' ,s 1 ,ut' PesseU with Christianity, a snecific declaration of its
to number as one, as a mere unit in the Ult - ) "uiu uu buiu iuiis, ne win ue -; decision is not likely to be found. If.
sum of the species; and to seek the wel-! er atteml 1 to carry the instructions into , then, we be asked for a prohibition of war
. . . i r i i. i
practice, or win ;aste tne leeiing ana ; bv jeSus Christ, in the express terms of a
uasiMon mussai v 10 ULLiUli, III liai rilSSlIl i
of the Israelites" were permitted To sacri-fsehts the application of the Savior s blood,
niiung u to ms cross.' , neo. ix:
tSi Christ .was onre offered i bear the
sins of wy ; and unto them that look
fif himshill he appear the second time,
without sin unto salvation." Rom. r : 9,
10, Much more then, being now justi
fied by his blood, we shall be saved thro
Kim. Fof if, when we were enemies" we
were reconciled tq God by the death of
his son; much more being reconciled, we
-v-ti v A v.. i, :c. if
anaii ioa.tvt'u uy nis inc.
If the sufferings of Christ, had no part
in makin g atonement, we are ready to ask,
wh'was it necessary for him to endure
thp hidings of Gods countenance and
overwhelming agonies during the scene
of c'rucifitionY If the blood of Christ,
hiUo from death and its aronies." could
have pail the debt, for the sin of tho world,
and opined a door of access to God, for
Jew and Gentile, why was our Savior
'pressed dqwn in the garden, till he sweat
reat drops of Wool! And whv did he
hang three faun upon the cross, crying,
fire at th altar: much Jcss'arTv -of armth
ef tribe i and least of all, cfiuki; "any, from
the Gentile nations. Tis-Jbaweret-will
be admitted, that the 'entrance of the high
priest within the 2d vailVepresented the
entrance of Christ into Jlleaven, accord
incrto the Anostle., Heb, ixi 1 1, 12.-
But Chrjst being come a. High Priest of
good things to come, ;py; a. greater and
more perreci-taoernacie, noi . roaao .wjm
hands that is to say, not of this building ;
neither bv the blood of iroats and calves,
but by his own blood, he entered in once
into the holy place having obtained etern
al redemption for us." Here the Apos
tie says, that Christ " entered in once into
the holy place, having obtained eternal
redemption for us." Th'is act of Christ,
is represented by the entrance of the high
priest within the second vail.
Let us notice 2d, the works of the high
priest within the 2d vail, or in the holiest
of all. ..Levit. xvi: 15, 44 Then shall he
kill the goat of the sin-offering that is for
finite, but its efficacy is confined to its ap
plication. In his own words, 4 except ye
eat my flesh, and drink my blood, ye have
no life in you. ' Robert Hall.
The sprinkling of the blood of the vic
tim -upon the mercy-seat, very fitly Tepre-
. . i i: r c? j.
to the hearts of men, when they come to
God, through the mediation of his Son.
But our author may say, 44 if this doctrine
be 'admitted, what was atonement under
tbeOJewish ritual, is not atonement when
made by Christ That is, the manner of
making atonement is different in the two
dispensations." I grant it. And to this
conclusion we must inevitably come ; and
this conclusion solves the whole difficulty.
In the ritual law, reconciliation, pardon of
sins, and atonement were the same things.
But in the new dispensation, we have
shown that there is a difference. This
result arises from the character of the two
dispensations. One dispensation was
ritual; the other is sprritua!. When,
therefore, a man had committed a sin, un
der the ritual, or Jewish dispensation, he
offered a bullock, or a sheep, or some oth
er animal, to atone for his sin. He laid
of social life; for self-interest, prompt, and
even intuitive when it sits in judgment for
its own ends, would have only to imagine
a momentary self-transmigration, and to
transfer its judgments for the advantage
of others.
We might extend this representation to
another particular of a similar kind, show
ing the comprehensiveness of our Lord's
maxims concerning the, omission of duty.
Theline which divides his kingdom from
the empire of sin is so fine, that, like the
line of geometry, it is length without
breadth; it occupies no part of the territo
ries which it defines; it creates no border
land, no neutral ground. 'He that is not
with me is against me; and he that gath-
ereth not with me scattereth abroad;1 a
sentence which separates the world into
two great classes; assigning over to the
dominion of Satan the lukewarm with the
hostile; and Leaving them to discover, that
whereas they had expected to find them
selves standing at least on neutral ground,
they are actually and considerably within
the frontiers of the kingdom of darkness.
How larre a proportion of those, whom
custom and courtesy agree to call chris
tians, live and die in self-complacency and
hone, from the persuasion that thev have
alternations between right and wrong; or
will construe the first obstacle he encoun
ters, in the course proposed, into a provi
dential intimation that he is not in the path
of duty, and should instantly turn back.
The injunctions of Jesus w ere clear,
determinate, and imperative; combining,
at once, the simplicity of a father direct
ing his child,, and the authority of a king
whose will is law. Taking his stand on
the firm, broad, uncompromising princi
ples of morality, he spoke, as conscience
itself speaks, concisely, energetically, and
to the point. The only logic he employ
ed, Avas the logic of the heart; his only
auditor, common sense.
sentence with
..!. V IT - . . . . . - ... . o
leciuiuie uicuM. riis siyie seems
command, m the manner in which Thou
shalt not kill is directed to murder, we
willingly answer that no such prohibition
exists and it is not necessary to the argu
ment. Even those who would require
such a prohibition, are themselves satisfied
respecting the obligation of many negative
duties, on which there has been no spe
cific decision in the New Testament.
They believe that suicide is not lawful.
Yet Christianity never forbade it. It can
be shown, indeed, by implication and in
ference, that suicide could not have been
allowed, and with this they are satisfied.
Yet there is, probably, in the Christian
benptures, not a twentieth part of as much
meaning, he level
LiOauirui every
I 1 ' j . . -wi.v uuiuoi me ia v millets VI
led It dl- pnicidp nsthprp is nn-nintt tha ln.f.,l
- .. . 1U iriUillfJS
of war. To those whn rrnnim c-nk n
, - , ... -, , . - -' 'vyuiiv a
merely to breathe a solicitude that it may j command as Thou shalt not engage in tear
be understood; it seems to burn with a j ;t js therefore sufficient to reply, that thev
rucnlnliAii tKnt it trill V.a f.Jt lliot It n-Ill ' .1 . i ; 1 ! .' . J
.v.w ... Wv mi, men u w;reouire inai. wnicn unnn his nnH m
j i U I
make itself to be remembered. This is
true of the style of all his commands; but
there are some of them which go ewn be
yond this, they not only effect for them
selves a lodgment in the memory, but
when once there they defy oblivion, noih
in can dislodge them.
mon
many other subjects, Christianity has not
chosen to give.
We refer then, first, to the general na
ture of Christianity; because we think that
if there were no other evidence against the
lawfulness of war, we should possess in
that general nature, sufficient proof that it
li r ' i i
his hand upon the head of the animal ;
then slew it ; then, when every thing was
prepared, the officiating hiffh priest took been harrnlcss, or. because they have done
the pe'opTe, and bring his blood within the i the blood, on the great atonement day, en-1 nothing. It seems never to occur to such,
that to spend threescore years and ten on
a field of conflict, the listless spectators of a
strife in which heaven every moment im
pertunes them to take part, is disobedience
and guilt. But, for this large sum of hu
man ciphers, this aggregate of figures
rail, and do with that blood as he did with
the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it
upon the mercy-seat and before the mercy-seat"
What does this work of the
high priest represent 1 Our author says,
it tipifies the work of Christ in heaven, as
our Gieat High Priest, atoning for sin.
Here we are again at issue. As this
whole work is figurative, we remark,
that we can not contemplate Christ, as
answering to only one of theJe figures, at
once. "Now the mercy-seat in the holiest
of all, is an acknowledged type of Christ.
The word mercy-seat, means covering, or
Now Christ, in 1 John ii :
tered within the 2d vail, and there sprink
led it on and before the mercy-seat and
atonement was made, or the sin was for
given, in a rational point of view, in all
cases. But when we look through the
rite, to its spiritual meaning we shall find
the same thing true, in relation to the rit
ual atonement, that is true of the atone
ment made by Jesus Christ. That is, an
Israelite could make an offering for sin,
The unauthorized precepts of other j ;s virtually forbidden.
moralists are only guesses at right, and That the whole character and spirit of
should therefore, be uttered with dilii-! 0ur religion are eminently and peculiarly
donee, and received with discretion. But j peaceful, and that it is opposed, in all its
he spoke, as the organ and oracle of God.
for the universe aud for eternity. He
knew that his precepts are to constitute
whose total is nothing, the final sentence
is already prepared. Having never as
pired to christian activity, or positive ex
cellence, the doom which will consign the
principles to carnage ana devastation, can-
. not be disputed.
i Have vcace one icith another 77
the laws of the last day: and that each oi , sjiaJi aJl men knovr that yc arc my 'disci
them is to sustain the everlasting awards j f5) if yr have love one to another.
of myriads of immoital beings, if any Walk with all lowliness and meekness,
one could hear them enjoined, and yet re- irjth long-suffering, forbearing one anoth
fuse to them unbounded reganl, his mira-j cr i,L 0Vt.
nrooitiatorv
my woo, my vjou, wny nasi mou lorsak- is said to be ,4 the propitiation (i. e.
cn me? It was then, as he hung upon atonement) for our sins; and not for o
and the priest could sprinkle it upon the j whole class to their ow n place will de-mercy-seat
and thus make atonement j scend on them with this fearful formula,
tho tree, that he was treading the wine
'press alone, bearing in his own body the
sins of tho world, making a show of the
powers of darkness openly and triumph
in j over them. As Christ reviewed the
scenesof his incarceration, ami! the aw
ful convulsions of nature ; while the heav
ens were veiled in blackness, the earth did
fluake, and the rocks rent ; when the last 1
JJ J - T -?-J ..U"
uacu was uuiif, men jesus crieu wnu a
. .ioui voice, ana sain Mi l ts h iiNlbti
'TSD: and he bowed his head, and gave up
" 4tre ghost.? ' What was finished? Not
thi work of reconciliation. But the sac
rificial atonement was 6nished, yhen
Christ1 gave up tho ghost." The mere
fact; that the Roman soldier, pierced the
.side of Christ, after his death, I believe,
cannot be urged, with great force, in sup
port ot 'bur author's sentiment. Christ.
had sweat creat drops of blood in the car.
aen,rdafing his incarnate. life ; but the act
of the soldier, after Christ had left his hu
man; body can not in my view, affect the
Allcr the resuf" rcclion and ascension o
Christ, we next inquire concerning InsTof-
fir.fl work, ns' ho lives and .reigns king.
eternal, immortal. ! and, invisible r. Our
iiuthor maiutaios OhaL he ji.jiow. at i the
right hind of God, .to make AtoueWnt, as
and still that Israelite, might go away,
with no spiritual benefit, being as bad a
man, at heart, as he was before. Unless
he looked through the sign, by faith, to
ours
only, but also for the sins of the whole
world." Now the word il&mos which
we translate, by the word propitiation or
atonement, means covering, the same as
the Hebrew noun cophcr. Mercv-seat
also was the covering of the ark. If
Christ then has become the ilamos (i. e.
the atonement) for the sins of the whole
world ; and If ilamos means covering, as
we have already seen : then the mercy-
scat, in the tabernacle, and afterwards in
the temple, tipifies Christ, as having made
atonement for sin. As the visible glory
of the Lord was manifested to the high
priest between the cherubim upon the
mercy-seat; and as the Lord then heard
the prayers of the people by means of the
priest, so now sinners can come to Jesus
Christ, as their mercv-seat or atonement.
make known their wants, and through
Christ as their mercy -seat they can re-
er iu
'Inasmuch as ye did it not.'' Now if hu
man guilt is reducible to a graduated scale
of demerit, by thus inscribing condemna
tion at the least and lowest degree on the
scale, how unavoidable is the inference
the thing signified, he was in no way ben-
efitted, except in a temporal point of view J" made that greater condemnation is reserv-
So it is, with the atonement made by Jesus
Christ. The whole world, receive more
or less benefit, in a temporal point of view
ed for every higher degree of sin; if the
mere absence of activity, the negation of
friendship, for Christ, be denounced, ltfol
through the mediation and atonement of i lows of course that activity against him,
our Savior. But no man, receives spirit- that positive hostility, being superior
ual benefit, unless he embraces the atone-j guilt,i has nothing to hope for. Thus, by
ment, by faith, and has the blood of Christ ! recording a sentence against the omission
applied to his soul. It is then only in ' of duty, the Divine Teacher has not mere
one sense, that the pardon of sin 44 imme-j ly destroyed the plea of harmlessness, and
diately and invariably " followed the proscribed the whole tribe of the useless,
e'escameto his aid, collected and cluste r
ed around to abet and confirm them. lie
called in the terrois and powers of the
world to come, to augment their sanction.
If we consider his character and office, his
relation to man and to the invisible world,
we shall feel that, while propounding his
laws, he occupied a position more impos
ing than that of the mount that burned;
that he legislated as in an ampitheatre fill
ed with the attendant thrones and domin
ions of heaven, with the judgment seat
in perspective, the rewards of glory piled
up in sight, the penal fires of perdition
flaring up at intervals and darting forth
volcaic flashes from an unknown depth,
and God meanwhile corroborating his
authority in accents of thunder, and say
ing, 'This is my beloved Son, hear ye
him.' Great Teacher
atonem,ent, even in the ritual law. And
this'4sense, was the prevailing characteris
tic of that rite. But in the new dispensa-
he has tacitly comprehended and denounc
ed the hostile and persecuting, leaving
them to infet that to doom them formally
tion, the order is reversed. And what j would be superfluous. w w
was chief in the old dispensation, is the i It is, indeed, impossible to say whether,
least in the new. j in the present state, the great motive of
I can not conclude these extended re-1 the gospel ever exists pure and uncom
raarks, without an expression of my mo- pounded. Principles of action are too
tives in engaging in this work of review- subtle for analysis; they elude our most
ing. It has been no part of my design to j anxious, but coarse attempts to reduce
encourage unprofitable debate on this sub-j them to their elements. The motive,
ievinff prayars, lhavelject ; but to come at the truth. Audit is . which, to our eye, looks pure as light,
Be ye all of one mind, having compas
sion one of another; love as brethren, be
pitiful, be courteous, not rendering evil for
evil, or railing for railing.
Be at peace among yourselves. Set
that none render evil for evil to any man.
God hath called us to peace.
Follow after love, patience, meekness.
Be gentle, showing all meekness unto all
men. -Live in peace.
Lay aside all malice. Put off anger,
wrath, malice. Let all bitterness, and
wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil
speaking be put away from you, tcith all
malice.
Avenge not yourselves. If thine enemy
hunger, feed' him; if he thirst, give him
drink. Recompense to no man evil for
evil. Overcome evil with good.
Now we ask of any man who looks
over these passages, Avhat evidence do
they convey respecting the lawfulness of
war? Lould any approval or allowance
of it have been subjoined to these instruc
tions, without obvious and most gross in
consistency? But if war is obviously and
most grossly inconsistent with the general
character of Christianity if war could
not have been permitted by its teachers,
ceive pardon of their sins, in answi
their Sincere and believinff prayers, 1
alreadysaid that we can not contemplate
Ivhnst, as answering to more than one ng-
ure, at once:
I think" I - have r Satisfactorily proved
that the mercy-seat within the 2d vail tip
ifies Christ, as having made atonement.
NowthowoTlrdf the priest, in sprinkling
the blond of the Victim tipnn and befoTej
my humble prayer, that .whatever I have
said, may have no other effect, than to cre
ate a spirit of humble inquiry into the
gret truths oftheBible; and lead souls
to Jesus Ohnst, to : accept the offers of sal
might, could "we examine it through a
moral prism, prove, to our astonishment,
to be many-colored. The aim which we
regard as in a straight line to the glory of
God, might, could we obtain a comprehen
vation. through the mediation ofaonce'sive view of its course, appear, like a
incarnate and risen Savior.
i stream meandering to the ocean, touching
Daletii. ' at every accessible point, and taking every
Christianity v. s. ar.
It is, perhaps, the capital error of those
who have attempted to instruct others in
the duties of morality, that they have not!
been willing to enforce the rules of the
Christian Scriptures in their full extent.
Almost every moralist pauses somewhere,
sbnrt nf the nnint which they prescribe:
and this pause is made at a greater or less without any egregious violation of their
distance from the Christian Standard, in ' own precepts, we think that the evidence
proportion to the admission, in a greater 0f its unlawfulness, arising from this gen
ox less degree, of principles which have' cral character alone, is as clear, as abso-
becn superadded to the principles of the i lute, and as exclusive, as could have been
gospel. Few, however, supersede the contained in any form of prohibition what-
laws of Christianity, without proposing ever.
some principle of "expediency," some ; To those solemn, discriminative, and
doctrine of natural law,'1- some theory of; public declarations of Jesus Christ, which
mtrinsit decency and turpitude," which t are contained in the"sermonon themount,"
they lay down as the true standard of a reference will necessarily be made upon
moral judgment. They who reject truth this great question; and, perhaps, more is
are not likely to escape error. Haying . to be learnt from these declarations, of the
i mingled with Chri-tianity principles moral duties of his religion, (nan from
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