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POETRY- t$r 'the Telegraph. FOURTH, OF JULY. 4 DBEAM. Aorf adrtsm which teat not all a dream.' A nalion'f Champion hailed her proud birth- HVith louduzzaihe.made the welkin ring; "While ia the fa? pffdiuance grievous moans Made by the fettered minions of the free! And wafted faintly on the morning breeze, A mtgbty contrast, fnll of horror marked! ; Champion. Columbiana, hail f American j, give ear! The day, that sealed our freedom dawns .again! This day completes the sixtieth rolling Since erst.wa .sundered Britain' galling chain. How emblematic of our nation's birth, Is yon fair sun, which animates the earth i And all Therein.. ; McitONS. Still toil we on, gripM by an iron chain; Still on our blood the barbarous tyrants feed! Their ease, their (profit, aye, their paltry tain, Still bid us drudge, and sigh, and groan itnd bleed. Q cruel fate! are we thus doomed to serve? Is this the usage tawny skins deserve? What's our vile sin? t Champion. Let Stars and stripes on lofty pinions soar! Let cheers resound, and martial fife and 1 J drum! Chime bell and trump, let cannon loudly Come, freemen ! patriots! to the standard come 1 Bwell high your mirth, let joy be unconficed! j Exert each power of body and of mind, To celebrate! Mihions. Ah, wretched state! worse than of present death! Without one hope of freedom or'of easel Chained down to earth, we scarce inhale a bTeith, Bat as our heartless, ruthless masters please. O might these bonds be sundered by a sigh ! Then our deliverance truly would be nigh; Nor should it wait. Champion. O God 1 we thank thee we do not oppress, Like foreign tyrants, cruel and severe; By pajiag tythes of all that we possess, We soothe the widow, dry the orphan's tear. Hail ! once again, ye children ol the free ! Hail f friends and foes, and all ye 'powers that be." Tha bravo spoke. Mihions. Torn from ottr friends, from all out dearest kin, Our minds enslaved, our bodies on the rack, Because(0, shame!) we're "guilty of a skin,T' Not colored white, but blackaye, odious black I O freemen! Christians! "all ye powers that be," ?wj-l M Undo tk f. burdcnsy-ltt the oppressed go Break every yofc,,t L. , Shereham, July, 183G. Luka.xviii, 11, 12. f Isaiah lviii, 6. From the Scientific Tracts EARLY RISING. By Dr. Wm. A. Alcott. Concluded. -Xcosomy of Early Risino. It has been far more common for wri ters to dwell on the economy of early ris ingjlhan on its tendency to promote cheer fulness, health and happiness. We will not say that we'have no authors, even in v inorihvfwho cannot rest till their minds and' hearts linger around the shades of dollar and cents ; but we will say, that by fax too many of this class, of meu give sad evidence that thoughts of this kind are. uppermost And yet' they have made some sad mis K 1 takes irvthis matter. .They have told us, it may be, how many actual years o time vrer lost to the individual who, during the whole of a long life, should lie in bed one hour, or two hours, or three hours in lha morning. Now it isVery possible, U) W1B IUUMMU nuw I IOCS IWU UiUIS earlier, may. perform no more labor than h Tyha sleeps during the sam time. -JFot if he who rises two hours earlier in "ifie morning, goes to bed also two hours earlier in the evening than his neighbor, 1sit not obvious '.that the one is out of bed as - many Iwuts V At-the other 1 And on. th presumption that. both are equally ac tive, where is the gaia'Itom early rising f " There it gain, we acknowledge : and we r are anxious to make the most of it ; but is ; ft .correct to say that in such a case as this, the early riser extends his life beyond that , of the other, at the rate of two whole hours j t f0r " ertry day 1 Obviously not Let us " bo 'careful' then, how far we avail our- "v selves of- Jesuitism in the inculcation of 'what we Deiicve 10 oe ma iruro. Letus ,S hot ;attcnipl to promoto a cause which we Jove eren more tnan our own lives, by measures wn3sa oasxs im no uuroui er- ror.' Ef uf wnat becomes,' then, of the so much , p blasted economy of early rising ? w shall probably be asked. We have already shown, in another place, that it consists partly in the saving of health. If a fe verish state is induced by late sitting up in tho evening, and if this febrile state is avoided by early rising and early retiring, then the gain in this point of view is in calculably great. It may be asked, however, it this fe brile state does not come on when we have been up and active a certain num ber of hours, whether we begin with the rising of the sun or two hours later. In other words, why should not the person who rises at four in the morning become as feverish areight in the afternoon, when he has been active sixteen hours, as he becomes at ten in the evening, who did not get up till six? Our reply is, that though we may not be aUte to state clearly every reason why, yet the fact is obvious. The Creator seems to have kindly adapted the day to action and the night to repose; and he who conforms, with the most exactness to his established laws, whether natural or revealed, must other things being equal inevitably be the. most healthy and happy. Hence we might infer a necessity of sleep ing about an equal number of hours be fore and after midnight And what we infer, in this case, is confirmed by almost universal experience. . The same view is also strengthened bv analogy. There are few instances among tne lower animal tribes, of late retiring or late rising. They retire with the sun, i and either ise with it, or long before it- The most striking exceptions to this rule nre to be found among the more indolent und sluggish; as the marmot, the Lear, the woodchuck, and the swine. Should these pages arrest the eye of any of those who sleep late in the morning, it may be worth a passing thought whether they will continue to assimilate themselves to the most ugly and loathsome animals ; or whether it will not be advisable to con form more nearly to the habits, in this re spect, ofthose species which are the most beautiful and sprightly and intelligent Another reason why a person becomes less feverish, or in other respects injured or diseased, in a given number of hours, when he has risen early, is, that he is more likely to get before and drive his bu siness, instead of letting that drive him ; an! thus he is not likely to be in a hurry or be fretted with his employment. Every thing proceeds, thro' the whole day, wiih comparative quiet, ease, and facility; and night come? without finding his mind dis tracted, or his body over-fatigued. All this difference, however, will be mystery to him who has never tasted the pleasures or benefits which we have mentioned as connected with and flowing from early rising. This consideration presents two reasons why it is economical to rise early. First, it is for our health ; and good health is good economy. Secondly, it is a saving, directly, of both money and time. Again : he who uses the artificial light of lamps, candles, &c. in the evening, and then lies in bed the next morning after the sun's light is sufficiently strong to enable him to "work by it, is, in two points of view, wanting in sound economy. Dr Franklin illustrated one of these points, in his usual good-natured manner, by at temntinp to Drove to the dissinated inhab itants of Paris, who lay in bed long after sunrise, that the sun gave light as soon as it appeared above the horizon. He went so far as to make a calculation it was rather an amusing one to show how much the whole city of Paris would save in a single year by using sunshine instead of candles; viz: 17,774,00'J, Now Dr Franklin's estimates, notwith standing the playful manner in which they were presented, contain much truth : of just such sober truth, too, as would be applicable, at the present time, to a large proportion of the citizens of the United States. We have very little doubt that four out of five of our whole population, sleep more or less, or at least doze, after the sun's light in the morning has become strong enough to enable them to labor. And just so far as this is the fact, and in so far as these same persons use artificial light in the evening, in exactly the same proportion would the estimates of Dr Franklin be applicable to their own cir cumstances. It is not the mere loss of oil, however though this was probably the only item which entered into the foregoing calcula tion by Dr Franklin ; there is a greater loss still by using artificial lights, espe cially in the evening, in the injury done to the eye, and through this medium to the stomach. The position of much of our artificial light is such that the rays strike the eye directly ; whereas during the greater part of the hours in which the sun is above the horizon, the eyelids are between the sun and the more delicate apparatus of vision. Hence it is. in part, that the light of lamps and candles and fires injures the eyes more than the light of the sun does. I he arti ficial -heat of our rooms, however, added to the artificial light, is very injurious to the delicate organ of vision. And both these causes produce more injury to the eye in the evening, when our bodies are fatigued and a slight degree of fever is present, than in the morning, after we are rested nd refreshed with sleep. One caution is necessary, it is true, to those who use fires, lamps and candles in the morning befcrre day ; which is, not to expose the eye too suddenly alter we rise to a very strong light. Ve should come to Uie Ugnt gradually. If we do not, the eye may be seriously injured ; .and the stomach, through sprmathy vith the eye, may also suffer. W narelcoown a stu dent' who- was subject to nausea, and some times vomiting, if he at once lighted his lamp on rising from his bed before day light This sympathy between the eye I and the stomach has been very little con- VERMONT sidered. Perhaps more of our modern dyspepsia is-owing to the wretched print of our modern books school books as well as others and to the use of lamps and candles, than most of us have ever supposed. Having thus shown, directly and indi rectly, the more prominent sources of in jury from sitting up late in the evening, and rising late in the morning, and hav ing represented as plainly as we could the vast advantages, in point of real economy, which result from rising early, there re mains on this part ol our subject, but one thing more to be considered. We have shown that there is a fallacy in some of the estimates which have been made of the waste of time involved by ly ing in bed late. That there is, however, a great deal of time wasted in this manner, we have never doubted for one moment. But admitting time to be really wasted in sleep, how mcch do we waste? An extended reply to this question would involve a full discussion of the whole subject of sleep its uses and abu ses. Upon such a discussion, we cannot of course now enter. We can only say. that those writers who make the most lib eral allowance, are very generally agreed, that most adults sleep about two hours longer than the wants of their nature de mand. Whether these two hours are wasted before midnight or afterward, makes little difference as to our present purpose. If it be admiited that an average amount of time, equal to two hours in every twenty four, is really wasted bv each adult, we then have good and substantial data on which to found the following estimates : Two hours a day, from the age of twen ty to fifty, that is, for a period of thirty years, amount to 21,914 hours, equal to two and a lialf whole years of human life ; or more than three tnd a half years, if we consider as a p:irt of real life, our waking hours only. Put three years and a half, or even two and a half, subtract d from the meridian of human life, is by no means a trifling loss. But let-us proceed a step further. The whole population of the United States must be at least fifeen million;'. Suppose on ly half of these to reach fifty yeaisofage. Vet two years and a half deducted from each of 7,500,000 individuals, amount to 18.7o0.000 years of a life of the shortness of which almost every one is complaining. To superior beings, must rot these our complaints, arising as they do, appear child, sh, or even ridiculous? It seems almost unnecessary, in a coun try where every body understands the rules of common arithmetic, to compute the value of this mighty aggregate of wasted time. Every one must see, that a loss of two years and a half of active life is no trifle. Can its value be less, upon the average, even when w consider the low price of female labor, than 8'2o0 1 But this is a loss to the present generation of $750,000,000. We will say nothing of the valuable uses to which such an amount either of wasted time or money might be applied. It is sufficient if we have made it apparent that an enormous waste does exist. It our estimate were even twice as high as it should be though we believe it too low, rather than too high the subject should lead us to reflection, and induce us j t0 make the inquiry, whether l y our own example, we may not be contributing to swell' this mighty aggregate of wasted property, and in that way becoming, in a greater or le-s degree, responsible for the consequences. Means of securing thk habit of Early Rising. Four things are indispensable to those who would form, for the first time, the habit of early rising. First a thorough conviction of its im portance. If arguments like the forego ing, have failed fully to convince an indi vidual that a change of habits will make him happier, healthier, and more prosper ous in his pecuniary concerns, then it seems to us in vain for him to talk of the importance of such a habit, or of the means of acquiring it. Secondly a strong will, and a fixed de termination to succeed. No lounger will ever become, permanently and habitually, an early riser, till he has a fixed determin tion to be so. He who wavers continu ally, sometimes rising early, at others yielding to temptation, and practically saying" A little more sleep a little more slumber," just this once, will never reach the goal, nor secure the prize. There must be a will like that of Luther, when he resolved to go to a certain place, though his way were obstructed by-wicked men and infernal spirits thick as the tiles on the tops of the houses. There are some persons who cannot rise, or think they cannot, without the im mediate interposition oi some pleasurable motive. Vhilethe will its still weak, and the temptation and inclination to indul gence in our bad habits still strong, some thing of this kind may be useful. A pleas ant morning walk, or familiar conversa tion, or reading exercise with a choice friend, joined to a conviction of the impor tance of the practice, may often prove a motive of surficient strength to enable us to rise early. If, however, the motive be very strong, the sleep will be less sound and satisfying. Many people are able perhaps the most of us might be to rise at nearly the precise hour they please, provided they fix it strongly on their minds, at lying down, that they will do so. But sleep, 4n such cases, as we have al ready said, is more or less unsound ; and no excitement of this kind should be used any longer than till the spell which had hitherto bound us to our couches, is com pletely dissolved. Persons in whom this habit of early rising is firmly fixed, find no difficulty in awaking at their appointed hour, provided TELEGRAPH. they go to bed m good season ; for this, after all, is the key to success in our ef forts. Stanislaus 1. of Poland, who re tired exactly at nine, as we have already said, always slept soundly, and always awoke precisely atthree. We are of those who believe that all children are naturally early risers ; and that no motive of an extraordinary nature is necessary to arouse them at three or four o'clock, provided they retire early enough, and have already slept as much as their natures require, which is certain ly a great deal. We have no objection to their going abroad with the parent, in his morning walks ; but a promise before hand that they may do so, is a less effi cient and permanent motive than the more natural ones the fond caress, kind looks there was any physical impossibility in and words, and the morning congratula-1 the case ; but there was such a strange tion of their parents. state of feeling, and such a propensity to Much depends, after all so far as con- j " a little more slumber," as overcame ev ccrns the formation of a habit of early ris- ery virtuous resolution which had been ing in childhood upon the mother. It is almost in vain that the father rise be- times, and prepare for the reception of his httleprattlers, provided the soul of the mo - ther is still confined in its sleeping tene - ment. She, too, must grace the scene. it t L . 1 - . I i f l C . ' 1 wnetner it oe tne cneenui nresiue, or na- ture's more spacious parlor, the verdant lawn, the mother's presence is equally im- portant, and we might add, equaiiy in J is- pensable. t. i . a. . ... . i . -i in regaru to uie e.wiu anu nature oi their influence, motheis seem to me too generally insensible. It is seldom, in deed, that a mother will assent to the prop osition that the early rising of her houte- j hold depends almost wholly upon her. And yet every one who has el served how feeble, and often how al. ortive the fathers efforts are. when they are not seconded by tuoseoi tne motner, must, it seems to us, be constrained to admit its con ectness. Thirdly a fixed habit of going to bed early. Perhaps this point has been made sufficiently clear, in another place ; but it was necessary to advert to it here. No person will long rise early, who does not retire early: and we cugnt not to expect it. rsatuve must have her right?. e must have good and sound sleep, in suffi cient quantity, or we shall ultimately suf fer. It is true, as we have already insist- ed, that the bulk of mankind of adults sleep too much. -espec ia! I y Still there are tho?e who continue to yieal to the temptation of sitting up till ( leven or twelve o'clock-, and yet endeavor to rise at four and perhaps reproach th emsei vei that they uo .1 . T 1 not. Let such HTbOns ho- ware. If they expect to form, with safe ty, a habit of rising at three or four, let them by all means be in bed by eight oi nine ; or their constitutional vigor will ere long be impaired. Many persons plead the pleasures of the winter evening fireside; and gravely tell us that to go to bed by nine o'clock in the evening, when the room is warm, and the world without doors mostly quiet, would be to deprive themselves of two or three of the sweetest social hours of their whole lives. BiU have these persons ever considered that the two hours which intervene be tween four and six in the morning, are fully as quiet as those between nine and eleven of tiie evening ? Is not the indi vidual, r freshed by sleep, in even better spirits? Is not the mind clearer ? Are not the social feelings more awake ? May not the room be made just as warm and comfortable? The answer to all these queries must unquestionably be such as to confirm beyond debate the correctness of the views we have here presented. A fourth means of securing the habit of early rising, is a proper state of the system body and mind -when we lie down at evening. greater scope to these op 'rations, and gov- Dr Franklin, in his usual common- j eminent favorites have, thiour 1, he agt n sense manner, has attempted to prove, : cy of the banks and their connection with that in order to have pleasant dreams it is ; the 'Companies," amassed large fort tin. s. necessary to retire, at night, with a good ! This year Mr Ewing reported a bill in the conscience. His remarks on the iinpor- , Senate, from the committee on Public tanceof men'al quiet are little, if at all, 1 Lands, to change the mode of conducting less applicable to the subject of early ris- the land sales, with a view to prevent all ing. There cannot be a greater mistake, the land from falling into the hinds of than to expect sound and refreshing sleep, the speculators: but nothing was done with when we retire with either the mind or i it. In the discussion which took place, the body in an agitated or disturbed state. ; however, men of all pities expressed the There are multitudes, however, who do opinion that the abuses ought to he correct not hesitate to go at once from hard study, I ed or the sales stopped for at least five or hard labor ol the body at least of the j years. In the House the subject was par- stomach to their couches to seek imme- diate repose, it is difficult to say, wheth- er they suffer most when the boon is, in these cases, for some hours denied them, or when they are disturbed or occasional- ly aroused by dismal dreams, painfully convulsive moveme nts, or distressing j through mainly on the ground that an nightmare. In either case, though they improper use was madeol the public mon may have retired at a seasonable hour, ' ey. Iu addition to this, at the very first the morning usually comes before they of the session, an investigation was order are ready for it; and if it brings with it ! ed by a select committee under Mr Hunt's no headache or other pos;tive disease, it resolution, into the connection of govern- seldom brings with it that degree of reso - lution w inch is necessary to enable us to i bank and land transactions, and the com overcome the repugnance which we feel ; mittee in their partial report charged that to early rising. This is especially true the lands wire bought up in immu e of the winter, when the weather is not on-! tracts, with certih. : c-:' i. posit obtained ly cold, but we are obliged to rise in a from the deposite banks, by persons who cold room. Thousands in these circum- i had no money en deposit in these banks stances will be likely to yield to tempta-' They made other charges and inuendoec tion and slumber longer, who, were they ! of very grave import, and demanded addi to retire in a quiet state of mind and body, tional powers and numbers, w ith leave to would break the chains of habjt and indo-, prosecute their investigations. The whole lence- i subject was however, laid on the table. We have referred to the cold as having The President, in this slate of things, an influence to dissuade the indolent from has manfully stepped into the breach and early rising. Now it has often occurred ; struck a blow which it is to be hoped will to us that they make a sad mistake, who bea decisive one, at the whole system of think they cannot possibly get up at four, j fraudulent speculation complained of. out wno are compelled, partly by the force of conscience, and partly by necessi- ty, to rise at six. For every one who has renecteu on me sutject, knows that it is usually quite as cold at six, as at four ; perhaps a little colder. What, then, do we gain in this respect by lying two hours longer? In regard to the body, in particular, it should be remarked, that while it is both unphilosophical and unreasonable to go & T d to bed excessively fatigued, it is much I more unreasonable to do so with a heavy loaa imposea on me eioiuacu. many id boring men eat heavy suppers at the close of their day's work, and then retire imme diately ; and if they do not, in this way, subject themselves to all the immediate horrors which we have mentioned as ac companying an unquiet slate of mind of which there is very great danger they will, at least, awake with bad feelings, which they mistake for a want of sudi cient sleep. How many a tine has not only the farmer, but the man of almost every other avocation, after eating his heavy suppers and going immediately to bed, awaked and attempted to rise bstimes, i in vain. We do not mean to say, tht previously formed, and which, perhaps, had been partly revived at the moment of ! his awaking. And he who for once in- 1 dulses himself in lying a little longer, un- i der these circumstances, is apt to do so again and again, till, at last, he becomes 1 i.i i r r l ! j wnat ne was neiore. ur, iikc trie nm ' in the gospel, his unclean house, though j emptitd, swept and garnished,. I ecomes, by an injudicious return, and ill-assorted ' company, infinitely wots- than bjjre. ' rr'L . " . V ... .i I . ineie is no suu-iy :u mm; un pieus-um, . , . . out very common ct.se, hut in springing out of bed ': -t .nt we wake. Linger not a rnoif'iit on tne confines o' bodom, but force yourselves in an insert upon ; your feet. If you have net 1 J V ' enough, retire a ii-tle earlier than ustu-.l ! the following evt ning ; and if you have retired in an improper state of body or mind, see that you do S'j no more. Instead of retiring while the body, or the stomach, or the mind, rue unfit fori;, it were far better to spend an hour or two m p;easant, amusing conversation, or in sortie ligtit recreation, l'erhars tneieis . no place wht'li will furnish a greater va- t nety ol n'e es;: res ai.n amusement el tne right kind, the.n the domef.c circle. As another preparation frishing sleep and early, we mi;, ht i eti lor nuK-t anu re dpesi'i-m to rue ! "i! and we now speaic as rhiiosopnet s u.iaiv nd not a christians these mural and r ;g:o''s i, ties which have 1 e n so oiu n enjoined on fami'ies. and which have, to a greater oi lers extent .ai d in some form o: other, been so early and so extMsi'-elv practiced. Inshoit, let us iew the h b:ect in what ever light we may, if we are true to our selves and to our .-wn nature, ii is impos sible to resist the conclusion, that the pleasures, the c heerfolni ss, the pecuniary prosperity, the health, tl.e longevity, and the intel lectua and social happiness of man, depend, in no small degree, on the habit of early rising. PREVENTION O F F R A U DU LE NT SPECULATION IN PUBLIC LANDS. Th ument ol'owing important Treasury doc with the letter which rn faces it. was received by express from Washing ton, at the Jou-nal of Commerce oifice, in this city, on Tuesday night X. Y Obs. "In the Senate, two years ago, Mr Poin- ; dexter made a parii-d report from thecom ! mi tec on public lan Is, exhibiting fac's in ; relation to the or orations of the land com panies and th ir colleagues, the registers and receivers of the land offices. It up-! pea red from evidence laid before that com- j mittee, that the actual Settlers could not ! obtain any prime land, but by purchase from the eompaniis at an extravagant advance. The "facilities'" afforded" by i the deposite banks have -since given much j tially investigated, and it was foand to be 1 ! connected to a great extent with Indian j : frauds and hostilities, with political com- j i binations, and with the mode of keeping! j the public money. The great deposit and j ! distribution biil was supported and carried J ' ment officers and members with these The Pies-.dent, accordirg to the Globe, felt hiroseif called upon by the gravity of the:e romnlaints. reinforced bv mrror,. reports and public debates, to look into all the points of violated law and abuse of trust, which were accessible to his exami nation. The result of his examination was the whole machinery of ''Bank facili ties," as they are called, by which the land is monopolized by companies, and ac tual settlers outbid and ousted, is actually i0. '14 r Yj)! V Jll-Jwly 1R36 ..-Qtrary to existing law pri, 24; ,&30) The 01 to the credit sales of land, which had b found productive of a multiplicity oi I and by reducing the price irom"hu, , lars on credit to one dollar and a ,Ta cash, to hold out an inducement to p,' r ers for actual settlement. The section of that act provides that C mnuueu if, r,nt .. . cnaser snail, on the day of "make complete payment.5' T r u clent takes the ground that payi bank certificates of deposite and r per, called "land office money,1' complete or sufficient payment u; . law, and has, therefore, caused ii ing order to be issued to the reee public money and to the deposit k Treasury Departme July G, lsai. In consequence of complahvs have been made of frauds, .perd and monopolies in the purchase -. public lands, and the aid whieh is , be given to effect these objects K j sive bank credits, and dangerous a I partial facilities throuoh bank dru r. ; bank deposites, and the general e ll ''Ml. ence likely to resu t to the Tmb' ests. and esnrciallv tbp snfnu- rf tV,., . l. j amount of money in the trea'suiv, nrd j sound condition' of the currency o: t; ; country from the further exchanre nfi ! ii .... ' - 1 nationa c umr in in this mnnnr-r r,r.A ., 'uuui I, uijU i v for bank credits and if rarer monev iV Pr. esu.Unt ol the Lnittri States b'-, oir, - i r .directions, and you are hereby ir.str.c!. i .after the l"th day of August 'next, rr ceive in ayment of the public land'-.o:. ; ing except what is directed by the e.v;s'in - laws, viz. gold and silver, and in the nrr -." ; er cases, irgmia lands scrr : that till the 1 "th of Pecemh'.-i p i o-. nex. same indulgenc s 1 .i i" r u retool e extend c ivj m. r inn ui mwut receiVC1' ITIIM continued for any quantity vt lf.,.d r," 1 ' ceeding three hundud i:d !ve;.:v ; to each pure l.'i'r v. i!.' i; an net;; or bona fide resi ler,', in the stat" w here v. sales are made. In order to enser-.- the faithful excr-ea of these instructions, all ternwrs i strierlv prohibited firm accep-ir.g foi . I. e. anv ura i. cor mca e or n ier r t c? - r e. rf money, or depose, thev.h ' nless ?-ie:n"-t t y the tr asM.-. r 1 e United States, in c u'rn: hy m 'l.-t. r -p:i- 24. 1 S20. And .nch ofthc?. , r is required to am e to h-'s m i ret'-. IT'S to tiiis department, the ana. t:,t go I the and silver i gpecti ve'y fills received under the i:S we fo: g CM cepticn; and each deposite lank s rt r,v : en it annex to every certificate given ep :, a d posite of money, the proprntioi s or . actual'y paid in gold, in s;lver. and ;:i 1 . r. j bank notes Air former instructions 1 r: j these subjects, except as now me. j will be considered as remaining ii ii'ec, m !;... force. The pi incipal objects of the Preside!.: in a;loptino these measures being to i r-r-j alleged frauds, and to within id t-.'.v row - nance or facilities in tl ie powc t.:e government from the ma iopoiy of ' puh'ic lands, in the hands o." specul; . a a 1 eap't.dists, to the injury of the actj... settlers in the new States, and of enjigrsa'--in search of new homes, as well fiste i s courage the ruinous extension cfb.iiL'.s sues and bank credits, by w hieh those aiits are generally supposed tob piv a. ' id. your utmost vigilance is reeuiree. ia ! relied on, "to carry this order into ccir: plc'e execution. LEVI WOODBURY. Sec. Trens-rf. GOSHEN TURNPIKE Notice. FHOPOSALS will be received I: the subscribers for building the U lowing sections of the road lecentlv f r veyed by the Ooshen Turnpike Ceir.j n viz : ! From S'.tiart:s gate 88 rods to high brki I 7 " including d. I " High bridge 7'.) " M" Kinney's '5S i " said tree 3l)3 to M' Kinney'. to soft maple H to a point . 2 i short of the Gj. son sign-post. " the North end of Gihson's dam 4G0 to the height o land. to a point when height of land 179 the survey leaves the old road. " bid road 350 u to the dug way 85 " of dug way. " dug way 191 " to the Kendall bridge. " Kendall bridge 4 18 " to Root's, bobs will be let comprising one or nio'i1 tions. r urther particulars made knowu ; on application to the Committee German Hammond," Francis Brown, Josiah Dart, Cominr.Ue Lyman Emerson, John A. Conant, J July 18, 1836. 43 3 WANTED, JOURNEYMAN Blacksmi h -One who can come well remote wim- A ed as a person of steady habits and a C1""' workman, will find constant employment on application to the subscriber. ALSO, Wanted as above, an APPRENTICE J. BCEL Shrewsbury, Julv 14, 1836. 4?:-3 WANTED, A BOY, 14 or 16 years of age, as an apprentice to the Tailoring business. One of industrious and steady habits will find good encouragement by applying to L B. DlCKFRMAfc. Brandon, July 20. 1836. 42tf.