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Vermont telegraph. [volume] (Brandon [Vt.]) 1828-1843, December 07, 1836, Image 1

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O. S MURRAY; Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. IX....NO. 11.
V"V ll-I III X 11111 II II IX1
. Orj-Tba Vbkmout Tbi.cqiia.ph is publish
ed weekly, at $2,00 year, payablf within four
te. 4l. ( f " .1. - itl,in rh
i $2.23 after elr,ht months and within the year
1 $2,50 after (be dote of the yaw, to ri ia thia
1 ratio. '
- hTeompaniea who receive twelve or mora
Copies In ooa boodle, and pay within four month,
. ftl 50 ofiar four month, to rue aa above,
J1.73 within mgt months fte.
f Areata who procure and pay fot six sub
scribers, are entitled to the seventh copy gratia.
k ftr No paper to be discontinued until arreara-
I .r. r . J- .1 .1. -
gas are paid, except ai ioe aucrcuuu m mj puo-
- fr. Alt letters, to secure attention, mut come
jyslagc paid.
, Farther Extracts from Weld Ileport on
Manaal Labor
' Having ascertained the amount of daily
rtercise, which seems most effectually to
meet the bodily and mental necessities of
tho siulent. as a nenaral rule, the next in
juiry in ordor is, shtll this exercise be ta
ken in throe successive, hours, or shall it
re diviJeJ into two or three portions, and
distributed over the day T
M ich vilmble medical testimony upon
this subject has been received. For the
sake of brevity I will condense this testi
mony into a few general rules, embodying
tha substance of the whole.
1 ;' ' '
Asa general rulet this exercise should, active exercise, unless that exercise pro
ject be taken in three successive hours, but duce changes in ihe state of other objects.
should be divided into at least two por-l
tions, and performed at different penodi
4.1 w . . ' - .
or toe day.- It should not be taken either
immediately before or after :n2als. Half
an hour should intervene after exercise
beore mjals, and an hour after meals be-
fort exercise. It should not commence
before sunrise, nor continue after sunset ;
and' in the summer it should not ba per
formed between the hours of nine in the
mominor nnl four in thf pvpninrr Tf Hi.
Vided into two portions, one had better nre-
5ede the morning; and the other the eve-' production of visible effects, not upon his
ning meal, from the first of May to thel owr body merely, but in altering the con
laUer part of October. During the re-j''' of another object. In the latter
malnder of the year, let it be commenced i there are none. But erhaps ii my be
one hour rifier break fust, and the same !
time after dinner.
These of course are
mere gwieral rules, subject to exceptions
and modifications, according to circum
2. The exercise should be moderate
'A sudden transition from a state of inac
tion which has continued for hurs, to vio
lent muscular exertion, always injures,
and if the student has not been accustom
ed to much bodily effort, may prove fatal.
With respect to the degree of effort, mod
erately vigorous, muscular exertion is the
perfection of bodily exercise.
W proceed next to inquire what kind
of exercise is best adapted to the student.
and jnost suitable to be incorporated into
a regular system., , It wouid be foreign to
the subject of this communication to dis
cfrssthe meritaofexety kind of bodily ex
ercise. Some of the mo$t corobon ruodes
ynTy will bo noticed. Walking, ridine
o.i horseback, and swimming, are all
Ood, but cannot be reduced to system in
1 connection with an institution.
j Military exercises have been incorpor
ated with literary institutions to some ex
tent in this country. In a strictly milita
ry school, like that at West Point, such
exercises arc. not out of place. But our
systems of education will need no such
appendage as an apprenticeship to the art
of war, until fighting becomes the appro
rifii- vnf,nr,ani K,,mn kiitrhJ
the ordinary business of life. If we
twoulJ havrt ih irbira of military rorv
eclipse 'crery other, and a military spirit
theonlw unlrU trhleh tri runnl kll de-
linht to honor hv aubieetiniy our vouth
in inltMnn. ,l,vrl a..w. . trariit--
spirit, we cmrdov all the instrumentality
reouisitfi to such a result
Witki. A'.tu :
, ......... . . v.n 9 VHIIltlr. C AC I tlJ. I
I bl v Krn lnin4.,4 tw.m .......
rotn .Germany, and adopted at some of
Mir inlitntinn tntnn lhav arm
lolled as constituting the neifeection of
c r
r'ymiwstic fxerciso is preferable
V.. , .vU.ili.. 1L.1 r
iv0 uui Tlli.Mi(,l tIMI KIUU. VI vAClvlovl
has as stron clauns as anv other, tobe
!nP(.,J , '
' J
ThU is esneciall n.nnr Xr tKn -
whohavo sever boea used to manual labor.
study ) but icrnor sucir lurer rrom this that
. .... a . I'lviivsaui
xerCUedoe not promote enercy of bodv
'and activity of mind." The- invalid risin"
frorn a fit of sickness ; it fatigued by a short
ride. - The next day net can Tide farther
with .less fatigue. . Let him pursue this
-course from day .today, and perhaps within
ly exercise., and br other, pointedly egs, hanging and swinging by the hands . o t-ut oeiore iueFu.ug ui c
emned.' The,qtuation before us is and whirling over poles, climb.ng ! r i muse wuo pn
whether spending three hours daily in ropes and ladders, jumping, swinging, 1 pursuing a systematic course oi stuuy,
oucn win jrouaoiy.fcBd at first that even 6t interest kept up by the effort to excel , uamiaus, io specuy as uentmeiy a pua
ne hour of moderate Ubor.wUl produce fa- others. True, and that is an argument i sible, their wishes and intentions in rela-
tlrma and norh.ni nn fV.i . : . r 7 . .1 .1 j. . 1
' J"" . ".r wraum iempora-1 against surh nnnpa !. Tnfonse pmotions " "iy may ufMgu iu mj-r i
. I mm .lafi4 Ml iar IMn k. - I w -w. -
iiii iiriai ia uaaB Mtia iiiiiiiiiib wa-v mn m r
amwianecannue ipr noura noioujy Wlln. to those whose cluef habits are gedentary
cut fatigue, but wdl derive torn the exerTIand studious. To resort immediately from
cie irreat- refreshment and ruror. yinwl th ut fwt of
contiderabU change in one' habd pro-
i!Micw cTrtftirufjf iLuntrnicfiici wKt
uuifutiMun) vjvu uivun.iuis .ua.6j
y " h1' Hiuioii- - -
taws o( tbe .constitution, and indispensable
to the permanent ripor .and comfort of the
HTbrt will - atteaded with temporary In
!opyenieoce?: If be had 'dislocated a t limb
- a
would- he, refuse to . haw it restored to ics
kI1i. . r -1 : u J
to . baTaj it reetored ftf ics
cr the pain xennedted j
t ' . 'tjr fii ;f-H
with the operation I
for universal and permanent use; wheth
er it is as beneficial as any other to the
body, the mind, the morals and character
of the student, and equally favorable in its
influence upon the community.
There are a- few obvious objections to
this system of exercise which have more
than mere plausibility to recommend
1. It is dangerous. Probably too much
stress has been laid upon this objection ;
ii , .
Still It riaS SOme IOrCe. bpramS, UlSlOCa-
lions, iractures, ruptured blood vesselc,
anuueaiu nave a.i ueen emerea upon tnejtem, in the arrangement of the studies to
cco.us oigmnas urns m our own conn-
trtT Pril n n kinn ff avoi.,icr ia
empt from the possibiUy of accident- but j
in some the Lability is great, in others in-
v-uuswciauic, nuu cerianny mose wnicn
ore least perilous are to be preferred for a
system oj exercise, if they are equally ben
eficial. 2. It is unnatural. Many oflhe muscu
lar movements required are such as are
rarely demanded by human circumstances.
Besides, the violent action which certain
muscles are required to perform makes a
disproportionate demand upon the ener
gies ol the system, and destroys that equi
librium which is necessary to the perfect
performance of all its functions.
3. is unphilosophical. It is ill adant-
ed to interest the mind. Ad individual
cannot be permanently interested in anv
The child will build cob-houses and push
them down, "by the hour together;" but
will it push against the wall for an hour ?
No. Why not.' Because no risible ef
fects are witnessed, and the production of
manifest effects is a main clement of in
terest in muscvlar movements. Give the
boy a knife and a stick, and he will amuse
himsjlf with whittling for a longtime;
but how much amusement would 'he find
in rubbing the stick with the back of his
knife? In the former case there is the
Srt,u raen should put away childish things.
Cirant it: hut this nrineinlo l-nlrnrrc in
T .. v 6""
me memai consuiuuon, ana governs the
man as tvell as the child. Let any one
try me experiment, ii mm raice an
c ;,vLai a"
cnop wooo. wun me iianaie, or swing nis
u5.0 iuub iiJS iu tUi uui
vacuity, and he will, gladly fly for relief 1
to some kind of exercise where every
stroke produces visible ejects. Ihen his
mind will have something to amuse it
It wil b furnished with appropriate food.
1 hat kind of exercise is best, other things
being equal, which most effectually with-
draws the attention of the student from
rv ,i; T 7' nY'"cnC Department is to be remoddled and en
sorbs it in o her objects. How shall this IareJ u bcfore the openin? of the
be effecte.1 ? Shall we call upon the s A ou and -conveni.
mmd to force out its attention by arbitrary jetcdce ig fllso t0 be erected?
volition, to fasten it upon some object ; which win contain at least fift room8 to
ITi- rttlt M - O I - A tr" -V rll. C.t n..( UvM it .
a. uyj ,iir,i, au , ,u j
mere oy mam strength,: ur snail we
surround the mind by objects fitted to
awaken its interest and allure its atten
tion objects whose intrinsic qualities are
a magnet with sufficient attraction to draw
it out and delight it 1
. L a .i i 11
Gymnastic exercises produce few visi-
ble effects, and therefore cannot permanent-
ly interest the mind. When the mind is
not pleasantly occupied, the body soon le -
comes fatigued, and Loth are jaded rather
than refreshed by the exercise. It is the
testimony of experience that exercise, in
order essentially to benefit, muht furnish
the mind either with a great variety or
different objects for its amusement, or else
with continual changes in the state of the
same obiecls. 1 he consciousness ol el -
fr"1.? these changes by one's ourn efforts
a0"3 greatly totnc interest wnicn tney ex-
I rPhe mnin exprrist's nf tlip rrvmnnsium
merely move the limbs and change the:
I COStUTa ol thft bortV : 5 henriinor torwaru
and backward, swineinsr the arms and,
i, . ' . v v . . . .
lerrip is Roon worn nwau Thp
J ,
to idle- dumo-bells, &c. The novelty of such ex- "'"j 11 ul uu"1UHi8c uv- F,r
ments become spiritless, and not oniyi"" " -
epase to intprrst Knt Mr-it nvpr;,,n But
nprnnna ir vvi 1 1 nacniii an inioroot m n 7 i it:
1 excited in them by other considerations
1 ambition may be appealed to, and a glow
a Tf PTitoti ot-irl thir ctatA st mind ia nm-
j 7 , "14ifc V1 ,
wmcu, more man nny iiiiny 'i
counteracls a11 lhe ffood cllecta of the ex-
erc,8e- Besides, such appeals excite to
bodily efforts of too violent a character.
' Gymnastic exercises are unsuitable
tgm.y . and strength is dangerous, and has
-v'i proved fatal. I'lotessor Lalawcu. luea.
i jjep. irons. Unitersitij.
i m wyuassiic exercises are in general iw
violent for persons who employ the greater
part of their time in sedentary pursuits."
- , io attended 1th . 7 i,VrfTrf Personal
i frtmnieiiim OTP HI
injury; and not a few, instance, miirht be
I m va ' ugvuv
cited ol rery . considerable evils resulting
! m A t- . ' .... . V ... 4-. . . .
cited or rery . considerable evila resulting
from this practice.' MitcJUWs f flints to
Student y r vt'.e y t '
The Trustees are desirous of rendering
the course of studies in this Institution as
thorough and extensive as the circumstan
ces of the students who resort to it, may
require. For this purpose they have ar
ranged the studies of each Department in
the order in which they wish to have
them pursued.
The Senior English Department is!
vi:oiiicu. IU give IUU1UU"U (.UUI9C Ul 111-
LlmMlnn Jr. fnrrlick r 1 O.-
ence, The advantages arising from sys-!
be taken up each year, will be obvious to '
It soped thFat young
importance, and, as far
moment's reflection. !
g men will feel its
... .
portance, and, as tar as possible, make
i ineir arranffements 10 pursue me course
i . . .1 1
without interruption. But, while we are
desirous ot introducing order and system,
no effort will be wanting on the part of
the teachers to prepare those, whose cir-
cums'tances requires a shorter course, for
teaching, or mechanical and mercantile
business. We feel fully assured that
their interests will be really promoted by
our present plan
It is designed that, in the Classical De-
partment. the course shall be sufficiently
thorough and extensive to enable the stu-
dent subsequently to advance in Collegi-
ate studies with facility. The general
deficiency of preparatory studies in ele-
mentary "knowledge is justly lamented,
To obviate this complaint, has been, and
is still, with the Trustees, a prominent
object. The construing and parsing of
the books on the list of requisitions for
entrance into our INew-Enj?land Uollejres,
demand an appli
ipplication of not less than
tiro full years. Regarding the interests
of the students themselves, the character
of the Institution, and the advancement of
Classical learning, none deficient in the
required qualifications, will be considered
entitled to our recommendatory certifi- j
cates for admission to college. j
By examining the list of students in the j
Theological Department, it will be seen I
that the Trustees have selected such as will j
fix upon the young men habits of close j
and ratient thought, while they have not !
looked their more direct bearing: up- j
on future usefuiness. Fully confirmed in
the opin;on that the wants 0f the church
in this State and in our country eenerally,
demand that this Department should ex
ist th have determined to sustain it vig-
orously, by making every laudable effort
10 secuJre aJn extensive library, competent
-v,(,.r ,;ii oir.,
it a blessing to the church and the world,
In a(jdition t0 the studies of the regular
course instruction will be given, vvhen-
ever thought advisable, in Greek and
Thc buildin occupied by the Female
be occuo c-d as studies, with a dormitory
attached to each.
In connection with these improvements,
the Trustees have judged it expedient that
regular courses of study should be pre
scribed, one exclusivefy English, the
other embracing the Latin, Greek, French
jand Italian languages, a sketch of which
will be seen in the foregoing plan.
j This arrangement is so adjusted as to
1 occasion no inconvenience to those whose
' circumstances will not admit of their pur-
suine a complete course, while it offers
'strong inducements to those who can, to
do so.
j lo defray the increased expense ol the
proposed system, it is found necessary to
make a small advance upon the terms of
; tuition. lhe e ementary branches of
English will be taught for $3,00, per quar
ter as neretolore ; nigner rngnsn orancn
cs, 4,UU : L,mguages, Drawing, rami
i ing wgeiner witn any oiner urancncw, in-
eluded in the course, $r,,0J. lioard, in
VU1UU1U110 "ucu uuiu.vu, v
1 he proposed system o operation will not
-ill . . . r J
;SUCh Dranches as may be necessary to en-
ok o hem tn Pntpr nm nn oflh rpcrulnr
.v w..... w .. n
It will be very desirable for parents and
this Seminary, that their studies may be
directed accordingly.
To the Proprietors or Supei intendenls of
Manufacturing Establishments in the
United Slates ad the British Prov
inces :
Gehtlemen There are two classes of
facts which ought to come before the eye
; of the whole world. The statistics of in
I temperance and of abstinence thougl
thus far but nartiallv Dresented. have pro-
I duced surprising: revolutions and improve-
. t w
Sf n" in PQ senumem ana nracuce.
tracts atreaay aeveiopea, nave Deen
aaxounain. i, nJie otners oi immense in-
terest " and importance, remain jetto be
collected end exhibited.- In prosecuting
. ii" i r .1 : . u
move- seni uunug me summer iciiu, wiere uiey
this great enterprize, we have called up- of America a warm and efficient friend of
on gentlemen occupying various stations the Temperance Reformation,
of responsibility and influence, and en- " The committee cannot conclude its la
joying ample opportunities of observation, bors without calling attention to the fact,
among all the different classes of commu-
nity. Their answers present two glow- America, frequenting the ports of long
ing pictures. In the one, we behold in- land, are stated by several witnesses to be
dividual degradation and ruin, social dis- superior to those of a similar class among
tress and public loss. We behold the
monster revelling in the miseries of the
uuinaii laillliy. IJIJUL'I Ills pu IcI 1 yZIIl cr
'trMK . A l- . k c...J
arm of industry withers : health, intellect. ,
virtue, hope, happiness, life, with its fond-'
est enJearments, its most tender attach-!
ments ; in a word, all that is sacred, and
lovely, and valuahh to man as a mortal or !
. - ...
an immortal, lie bleedm? beneath the hor-
j -i f i ,i i i r. i . .
nu smue oi tms d oatea aemon. i nis.
we have found is no sketch of fancy. So-1
ber facts, rigid statistics verify it with too
horrible an authenticity. But the other !
picture is just as bright and cheering as
this is painful. And it carries constantly
with it the delightful reflection, that the
half cannot be told. The streams of this
peaceful, healthful river have gone corns-
ing around the scorched and blighted
plants of many a desolate hearth. And
oh, how many drooping- plants, the sweet-
est and best of earth's production, h;;ve
beo-un to revive. We speak, gentl' u.t
without exaggeration; tens of million? ef
dollars have been saved to this nation, by
the Temperance Reform. The pulsied
arm has been touched as by a miraculous
power. The pauper who was bringing
his family to burden the town, is now the
respectable, thriving mechanic ; the fami-
ly mat usca to eat witn tremrnmg ;.nxiei y
ie last stale crust, lest it should piow the
last indeed, are now living in thf wk-li
tarnished house, with the bounteously
supplied tables, surrounded by the well
clothed, well educated group of children,
Disease is attacking the human frame
with diminished power. Pauperism is
actually known now in some towns, only
in the annals of former days. Unfriendly
litigation is decreasing. The class of
profitless consumers and idlers, the drones
of our civil hive is diminishin s: ; while
the class of producers is increasing. But
t is impossible for us to convey, by
al statements, without a view of the facts
which justify them, any adequate concep
tion of the animating results which have
actually followed past efforts. And these
efforts, we repeat, have been, the collect
ing and publishing facts. There is yet a
vast number, scattered in individual or lo
cal experience and observation. The
best interests of an oppressed world de
mand tint they be concentrated, like the
sun's rays, with focal power. We ack
nowledge that our hopes are sanguine.
Give us these facts. They will furnish
unquestionable evidence to the under
standing of the truth of our fundamental
propositions. They urge a resistless ap
peal to all the better feelings, the noble
and ingenious sentiments of the human
heart. These appeals must prevail ; and
the good sense, the conscience and the
humanity of our citizens will yet triumph
over the sordid propensities of avarice and
The call has been made upon physi
cians for facts. With a magnanimity the
most creditable, estimating the public
good far more than professional interest;
more than five thousand of them, in Great
Britian and America, have confirmed this
great temperance proposition "Alcohol
used as a beverage, by persons in health,
is never useful, but always hurtful."
The commanders of vessels have re
sponded to our appeal distinctly and im
pressively. They declare that the major
ity of those awfuldisasters atsea, in which
so much property and so many human
lives are destroyed, arc directly owing to
the intoxication of seamen. And from
the combined motives of interest and phi
lanthropy, they have extensively signed
our p'edge.
More than four thousand of the clergy
in this country alone, have publicly con
firmed our principles by their testimony,
and given their names to our list of pledg
ed supporters.
The insurance companies, not as re
formers, but as business men, looking for
pecuniary profit, have taken a stand which
ought to attract the attention of thinking
men. Some of them have long been in
the habit of returning five per cent of the
premium on vessels which made their voy
ages without usingany alcoholic beverage.
What more practical and powerful testi
mony could these sagacious, skilful mer
chants give concerning the value of total
abstinence to commerce ? And facts have
shown that they did not miscalculate. The
value of the stocks and the dividends of
those companies, his greatly increased,
for the risk is actually diminishing much
more than five pc cent by this cause.
rr i i.i,. ...
iwene nundred ships are now sailing
under American colors, in which no aleo
hol is drunk. But the bene!icial effects lty jn the establishment to the disadvantage
have been more than pecuniary. It has.0f the other. But proprietors and work
done more than any other cause to com- men rejoice alike in its benign and profita-
mana tor our commercial navy the respect
of the world. See the flattering and gen -
erous testimony of the British nation.
During the last session of Parliament,
an able committee was appointed to in
quire into the Causes ol Shipwrecks in
the British Merchant service." -Their
testimony is as honorable to their 'candor
and Jiberaiity as it is gratifying to our
painouc ieeungs. u is a testimony wnicn
we rhould think, would make every lover
that the ships of the United States of
the ships of Great Britain, the command
ers and officers beinr e-enerally consider-
-j iv, iiiuic v. uiii yz n. m. o otaiiuru uiiu
nnviontnTO anA mnro itnifnTmltr MTCnnc
of education than the commanders and of-
ers of British ships of a similar size and ;
class trading from England and America ; i
while the seamen of the United btates are I
considered to be more carefully selected,
j . i -i- . . i .
anu 10 De more emcient ; mat American
k : : i : c t : - 1 . tvt
6111 ,s num uivcjuoui w ixew-
York have a preference over English
vessels sailing to the same port, both as to
freight and to rate of insurance; and
higher wages being given, their whole
equipment is maintained in a higher state
perfection, so that fewer losses orcur;
and as lhe American shipping have in-
creased? of late years in the proportion of
12 3'4 percent, per annum, while the
Brilisn shiPPin? have 'teased, within
the same period, only 11-2 per cent, per
annum, the constantly increasing demand
for seamen, by the increasing maritime
service of the whole world, the numbers ;
(. ut off by shipwreck, and the temptations i
offered by the superior wages of Ameri- j
can vessels, cause a large number ot Brit- i
ish seamen every year to leave the service i
of their own country, and to embark in !
that of the United States ; and these.com- j
prising chiefly the most skilful and com-j
petent of our maimers, produce the double j
effect of improving the efficiency of Amer
ican crews, and, in the same ratio dimin
ishing the efficiency of the British mer
ehant service."
The farmers have been called upon to
aid in extinguishing the fires of the distil
lery and brewery, by withholding their
coarse grains from these manufactories of
paupers and criminals. They have nobly
responded to the appeal. They have
helped to close nearly one thousand distil
leries in the state of New-York alone.
The farmers have found it better policy to
feed their cattle with their grains and
fruits, than to take them to the brewer or
distiller. They have also extensively
come to the conclusion, that it is as im
moral to furnish the materials for making
the destructive substance, as it is to make
and vend it. The diminution which has
thus been made in this most unprofitable
and hurtful employment of the bounties of
Providence, is truly wonderful.
It appears, for instance, by the collect
or's re' urns on the Erie Canal, last year,
up to 3d October, there were 285,488
bushels of barley received in Albany ; up
to the same period this year, only 72,663
bushels; showing a falling off of 214,280
bushels. We believe there has been a
full crop of barley in the state, so that the
inference is, that the farmers are feeding
it to their cattle instead of furnishing the
brewery to some extent at least.
In New-England, New-York, Penn
sylvania and other states, the habit of feed
ing the cider mill with the fruits of the
earth is almost universally giving place
to the more patriotic and politic custom of
feeding it to those animals who, instead of
poison, make a return of wholesome and
nutritious food to man. The shameful
and cruel practice of filling the farm house
cellar with the most besotting of all bever-
i a i.i
ages, to drown tne mina ana quencn tne
heart of a whole family during a long win
ter, is oivinsr way to wiser and kinder ex
penditures of the same money in furnish
ing the library with the instructions of
wisdom and piety.
We have called upon the merchant and
the mechanic for the results of their obser
vation and experience. The7 facts which
they present are alike appalling on the one
side, and heart cheering on the other.
In a word, the whole business of making,
importing, vending, using and furnishing
alcoholic beverages, is an unqualified evil.
It has furnished some of the darkest chap
ters in tne record oi Human crime and
wretchedness. The impolicy, injustice
and cruelty of this branch of manufactures
and commerce, are standing before the
public eye in bold relief.
We now wish to make an appeal to you.
It is our belief, that should all the manu
facturing establishments adopt the princi
ples or practice of total abstinence, they
would require no protecting duty. They
could then compete with the world, under
great advantages. We have already as
certained enough to satisfy ourselves.
We want the world to see ; we want the
tr. innfncturers to see the combined testi
mony of the whole. We know manufac
1 1. -nes, once flourishing, reduced to bank
ruptcy by the general use of intoxicating
drinks. We know others whose success
is astonishing under the total abstinence
i-stpin. 1 ne an vantn ere is not to ona nar-
0;e effects. Our object in this circular
i js t0 pr0pese the following questions, to
which, for the benefit of mankind, were
spectfully request an answer as soon as it
can conveniensly be transmitted.
If you have hot adopted any regulations
on the use of intoxicating drinks in your
j L What are the practices of your work?
men on mis supjeci r
2 Have any deaths occurred
your hands, which can be traced to the
use of intoxicating liquors t
3. How many days, or parts of days,
in a year have they lost from the same
cause 1
4. Are there any contentions or diffi
culties between the workmen and super
intendents, or among the workmen them
selves? 5. Have you had any difficulty from
the want ot carem the workmen. Such as
losing tools, marring, work, &C?
6. What is the condition of your work
men's families in regard to comfortable
clothing, food and fuel, education, neatness,
7. Do your unmanied men spend their
leisure evenings in mental improvement,
or in dissipation?
8. Are your workmen, any of them, in
debt to the establishment orthegroctr,
tailor, &c, at the end of the yeat?
9. Where ardent spirit alone has been
abandoned, rnd beer,' wine and cider sub
stituted, has the c hange been much or any
for the better 7 We :ish particular in
formation on this head.
If you have adopted any regulations en'
this subject,
1. What arc those regulations, and
when adopted ?
2. What has been the effect on '.he gen
eral appearance, cheerfulness, activity,
care, temper, and manners of the men ?
3. Do your mechanics appear to hare
more self-respect than they had before, cr
than others have, who use intoxicating
4. Is their time more profitably em
ployed ?
5. What is the condition oftheirfami
lies as to cleanliness, cheei fulness, cttrrd
ance on religious services and educfticn ?
G. Have your hands any surplus ntr
ney at the end of the year, how much,
what disposition do they make cf it ?
If you have made a change, then you
can contrast the present and former condi
tion of your establishment. If yot have
always acted on this principle, you may
contrast you r's with some institution which
acts on the old plan.
State what you suppose to be the pecu
niary gain from abandoning the old prac
tice of using alcoholic beverages, end the
better one of abandoning such use. In a
word, we earnestly request you to state all
the facts which you think calculated to en
lighten the public mind, on the connexion
between the prosperity of manufacturing
establishments, and the use of intoxicat
ing drinks. These facts the Executive
Committee of the American Temperance
Union intend to embody.' We believe
that the facts when fully obtained and pre
sented to the world, will settle conclusive
ly this important proposition, that every
consideration of humanity, and of pecuni
ary interest to the employer and tne em-
ployed, calls lor tne immediate abandon
ment of intoxicating drinks.
We are, gentlemen, very respectfully,
your obedient servants.
E. C Delavan, John Tappan,
J. W. Lkatitt, C. Keener,
IfeAAc Collins, John T. Nortctm
Isaac S. Loyd, .
Ex. Com. Am. Temp. Union.
Note. Address, for the present, Ed
ward C. Delavan, Albany. Editors of
papers throughout the Union are respect
fully requested to give this circular one
1. Be very sure you understand the
lesson yourself, before you - attempt to
make your scholars understand it.
2. Be animated be emphatic. Con
vince your scholars you - are in1 earnest ;
but do not insult their judgmerrtsf'by ex
travagant appeals to their passions, with
out enlightening their minds.
4. Remember your object is to teach.
Study, therefore, your lesson thoroughly.
Think for yourself and when you have
new thoughts, communicate them. And
at the same time a teacher should not aim
to be original, merely for the sake of it.
4. In your remarks, come to the point
at once, and be short.
5. Never. study to be eloquent. lLer
theatrical affectation be banished from the
school-room. S. S. Treasury.
Tenor of the Gospel of Peace;
The way to heaven is revealed in four
words: "Acquaint thyself with God.'
The guide to that way in three : Search
the Scriptures." The spirit of this divine
doctrine in three: Faith, hope, charity."
The privileges afforded in that way four
"Call upon thy God." The essence of
it in six: Love to God, love to man.."
The mode of our salvation fn six; "Be
lieve in the Jord- Jesus Christ." The
means of out obtaining it in nine ; " Re
pentance towards God, fafth in our Lord
Jesus Christ.". Duty enjoined thereby in
three; ' Follow after righteousness." i
The result of our doing so in six ; "Peace
which the world cannot give. The is
sue of that result in two Eternal life."
Truly the gospel is so plain that the way
faring man, though a fool, need not err
therein. Gambicr Obs.
China. ..Mr. Bridgman writes May
3 1 st, 4836, that an edict had just appear
ed in .Canton, forbidding.: faith in Jesus
andtbepropagation of his doctrines on the
pam cf death.

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