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c wiiY QRsoiy s;mujiray;: ; j ; if;:;;;; RArrDoy;i Wednesdays jtti,y ii? isas: - - vow x.: llbrm: 4 1 V ' Cr-The VitMOifT.Ti.Q.jiFiil pubhb ad areeldt. at $1,00 4 year; yayabla Within four o;Ul ftr foui- Booth ' aid " within eight 2,21 fter eiM months and rwlUxin th year $ IJiO altar th tlo of the yer, to rUa in', lha jaUo.r. .v. feT6 companiea who receifa twelra or mora Copies in bua handle", and paj within four months, at 9159 tiler lour month, to nte-aa abore. . '&,? trithht eitht raoniha kc . .. 0r? Agenta, who procure and pay toi six aub acrtbera, are tatitled to the aeTenth copy gratia. " No papr tl be dwcofciinuedlihtU. aneara aaa are paid, ascent at the dUcrttion of the pub Cliaher. r,t v' juiV'-.-v ,vwit.-,- , AJlIett'era, to itcare attention, must come DmNDON-8aTUKDAT; Jdiv 7, 1838. t, .Th folJowiflff'- trticUi Wre- exclude Trora the Injidf form, last wtlq for wa at of : ; i .xi . .nbn jiiiiicA. By the jpack'etuhn Cater jbave 'files Kingstbnpipejrs'to iKtiGth1 instant 'lneIusirerftC which "we are indebted "to MrVOHpiri 'Of ; the Exchange" Reading Rdom They conla in highly ' interesting JntelIiVncr,resp6btinjhea'ppren ?NOn;0e '5tS .ihsJwtth ; Councijl a'nd 'Uouse of, Assembly; rart specialf tesi .ibri,anJ'were cJJresatni byhe governor id the folio wing VflrcU . vJbpe had galled thero together at an linafuaj seaion, lo Uke 0W coruiderAtion the ttate of t!,e wland under th lawi f for the government ioC'.lhes laboring poptila rjon j.that the fubjvct vyaa atrongly agitat f4 throughput iht, lirittsh empire-and -in 'arljarneurwhcre. the : honorable efforts' of ministers were bandy sufficient to oiain uin the exiting.Iat as an obligation of ja i itfoo a I h, j , t b 1 1 ex:iie tnent al j? . exist. VtT among the appWiUcw, . but, that, they; tu rested in' soWKarid iie topc,,rely 11 af oh ibe.lgenerusHy of (tbe eolouial Log Islatufe fo'lT4helw)ri that Has been.. grant ed to their las4.lri';oiftl' colonies; and ihAt jt Vibi? duty to recorarnend the ear ly ynduat apolitioti 6lt appVeottcesbip or all ejjneV. ' He Was' comrniadeiL tp .jnfprMi aheni, however, that no' question of firthefcpm Wniiiidn Would be entertained by her ma- ivsiy s inigisvers i oui ne enirejiuu in em ouse, Ihe Oovernofra address',was refer' red Id a committed b'f'sevenrp 4 v ..J Air. vjuy, oi ino.com.nuiee, gave notice thnt ha'ahontddn the next xlayintroduce a bill abolish the apprenticeship" term he captain general had issued an or- uor loroiviuinjj nny ininuuuiau ,iu turn oui in afnti and,UAiform,,:ecept by authority Vmandtin'from hihiSclf.J r.his oder is til to have bee'n'cahseby the act of a militia officer who called oui' a party to intirrjidate'.h!sv negroea, into, cqrppliance with his Wishes and also by the .knowl edge that the plan of .association was to resorted to, jri opposiuon to the meas u res of 'govern meht,. ' , . ' librd uierielg's act to amend the act for jhe' abolition of Slavery was proclaimed 'on the 4th instant, to be jn force after the t It. was , i n.. cootem pjai ion among .the rhembers of the 'Assenibly and .. Council H assign the '28h inst'tbe I day of rthe Voronation fortbe abolition,, ot appren- ,-...... i -- ". r tuhin. i. . . '. i' in me luornmg journal oi.ineoio inst ;wf find7a long fttter froinjheMarqtiis late govproor iq , ine moers j ,pf tbe.Assepbl, strpnglv urging therato; family f Captain" Hortort of uuincy. losi fief Hie-unueT me; lonowicg meiancuoiy fcirfumitancesl' A'rlhdafirhlless : yoang'l tMtt bT'the name OI - pavenpon, iook opj : . " . , " a gun. wmca ne nau sumo reason 10 iwi tieve'wa not loadedili'rid" inrrt jpoibted it at hef. knowing tha she-was exceed- InglyaJraid "of a: gdn. The gun bow- ever, Vat loaded, and orr pulling the tng: to eonsiuer toe lmpracucaoutty or carry in ff oncoerci ve laborWith' an v . hoDe of auccessful igricultare. j' 7 ' ''"?': " After a shor but anunatei debate in the 11 seaem to tne a no .ti- i.r-- . -j M .V 1 jT J ounuay, we iiiai u,reaouxQ w inseir.nonor.anq aq-n Q JuQ- 6lh P$-Wy . : - bouncement j Lam kNTABtt Occurrence. List J aTe aooot to grant emancipation to week?a yourtgwomah whoesided in the! three bundreel thousand apprentices. rr. Itvwas dis-harged,1 and theholelti-nter of this hm Infold hen in -some of eharire, consisting f large rahot, 'entered the back of her head and- heck,c caostng her death ahort I v after How many fatal aUrata hare beta' the Tesult of similar foolish and Imprudent aai-maafifc av a t X journal. DisAtTaooa.YA.R. The year 1838 is likely to becprae painfully memorable Vear. 'Within the Jast; ievv months, be toes a larsre number ot less important! uuiuiua, .tuimpaes, anaeipiysiwus. nc - . r.,. i. i...' - .. - a stop to euciv jTPOiesa e . kwwik o. life and property. Christian Secretary SpECiE.r:It is estimated thatvjbere $400,000,000, Specie in Faance ; 0150,- rnn nnrt Cr.rv1.nrl .4 .k.. con nnn uvu.uww "'5'"uut oitupuuu ouw,wv vw ui w wMi4jin,. for its numerous- iteamboaj, disasters... ut no douDt be pleased to learn that Air aiai record is truly frightful, and", melancholy, com has in "preperation a new work, the and out ol all proportion with any former result of. bis travels in! 'observations in jouowing is tne meiancnoiyist; tne uen-1 lean press opon lhat delightful Bherrod, ,w;tn, Mie . ipsa .of , lOO.Iivestne I -:T y r-- a ' -....5l i An .l: 1 t- . .L.l - ihe-Journal of Commerce .in- rrt ',k- t inn- 1 tne report of a fire at Point ft. Z 1 lli' i m.v vv-.k:!: on 1 Joope, is - incorrecL Ther " TJx. . 'r Mariegallante. fifteen miles off. tea i 'UiaSKI. IVU cicuv .jtwn wj, isuu Am7. ', i ' . 4rTen t:-i;ti , RrmU .nr.U destroyed entirely, except, uu.ua. yj ' rr r v; church.; Fire hundred Jiouse mmMhinir ran una musi oc -4ion .xo ui Lalu Gedrs;MH0rioifta Sereral'enterpHsibg gentlerhen have built a new Steamboat on this lake, which commenced her regolar tfij?3bti Tuesday Ihe 12th of June; ' ,On this occasion the ptoprietors invited eeveral gentlemen from Washington, War. ren, Essex and Saratosra counties, to mi- take of a collation and enjoy a passage on those pure and placid waters through the lake whose romantic shores and moul dering forts: awaken so many thrilling recollections of darin achievment and deadly. strife - t t - "After the cloth was removed, Ransom Cook, Esq. remarked, that he would avail himself of this propitious occasion to sug gest the propriety of restoring the Indian. appellation to these waters. He said he had never conversed with an individual who id not regret thai, the, name of Hor rcVnso Appropriately given by the abori gines to this lake, had not been retained. He thought it rare that the change of an fjidian name for one of our own was any jinp'royenient., . But if there were no other rqotfve, these names should be retained as memorials of interesting race, doomed soon. to become extinct by the stern law of necessity. The names, however, given by the children of.the forest to the lakes, rivers, 4 mountains and cataracts of this country, express the , red man's leeliogs of the beauty and sublimity of nature around him, while foreigners generally admire lj)em for the grandeur of their sound alone. If . we articulate Niagara, Onondaga, Saratoga,. Tuscarora, we perceive a full. roiling, reveroeration oi sounu, irotn syl lable to syllable, resembling the echoes from these mountains of the cannou just fiied. Indeed we instantly discover tbeir superiorly over European. names on pro nouncing imerston, Uoncaster, Uambar ton, &c. Besides the"advantage of euphony, the Indian names ' have always a significant and nppropriale meaning. No other lan guage probablv affords p. word so beauti fully, descriptive of this limpid, lovely t wave, as that ol Honcon, meaning the LAKE OF SILVER, WATERS. . Whether it: was changed to that of Lake, George,. out of servile compliment to a kiog oi that , name, or from Mind reverence to St. George of fabulous and Quixotic memory is not of sufficient eon- Sequence to merit an inquiry. In either case the, change, was a violation both of propriety and good taste.-. ,A He tberefpre oflered the fallowing res olutjonSj wh'ch were adopted with unani mous ariplause : - . Ketofted, .That tbe nam of Honcon o rsureu to the lake loff usually called Lake George ; and that all editor. EreoeraDhers. publishers and travel lers be roqaestcd, when peaking of this sheet of water, to use the Indian cognomen iioncon. ... M Rttotted, That we reipectfullv request the edit ors throughout the Union to publish those proceed ing t , , Thos. J. Mar y ik, Prtst. 1 Sidney J. CowenSec. June' 12th, (838. Proof Positive that American grown silk is superior and to be preferred to for eign silk ts made evident from the manu ftrtiim nf Ameriran sillr. which was oriiwrt in this town, and nntv in oneration at the New Silk Factory, by South-street bridge. The lustre, strength and reeling is suoerior to the im nor ted article. The reeling is so perfect that there is but little comparative waste. It is probably wonn from 25 to 33 1 3 per pound, more than foreign silk. The fact is encouraging to ailk growers,. who can and may grow silk at a better profit than any' other crop. wortnampion courier. GLoRtous news from Jamaica.-Bv the .t- Jobn W. Cater from Kiioat hkZ arrivea at this port on nave nits ui ;muiika ij containing the gratifying ap that the planters of that island ineir The only topics of dispute among the papers 5mcu w urt icsurciiiigie uuyuiM . mvu universal liberty should Like place, and hi .l. lit " : I "arow jvnicn snouiu De assinu - - . " t ituntc iu uu.M-...v ( and )telice. Emancipator. The wheit harvest, now about to be harvested will be the most abundant that us focn produced for many years. The .k- Wgt wheat enuntiei in Vireinia and Mr.land. and norr nritnessed at any pe i r-tnA - The fat riod a more cheering" prospect. The far mers tre jn fine aroints, and every thing bodes an ample return firc their labors. liichmomd Whig. . - "A new work from the pen of Hbw- I ard Malcox The reading public will - 1 the East, -which will without doubt prove one oi the most Interestm? productions i wnicu uis issued Ot late irom tne vinci country. r.ates , that Petre, Goad- fire, was at which was the Jail .and were ,'de-i r roanv ot them DricK.f u.o kv foment bad put up shapaes jfor; the relief nf ih inh.kuV, "Z1t7 pU , ... w -The mbstot&l mines of .Mercurvi,"ef Q,uicksiIver.RTe those 6f Id rtjr'in' Austria; .1 i-. j , , . .. tr,j: - Aiiuauen in Drain, ana uaanra v cit !r;Jrru.v - t ' ' Alarm i no facts In less than' three f years it is computed that about ttoo thou f.v.oiij nc uccu uur rieu iu ineir graves by steamboat accidents. The Na tional Gazette" savs that during- the vear U836, upwards of, three hutuLred and 'fif ty were tnus cut oH ; in 1837, six or sec en hundred met their deaths Jn the same way; and that alieady within the ' six months of 1838, quite a ihbusandbr near ly that number have been thus killed ! BostonPress. Another Steamboat Blown up. The North St. Louis exploded on the Mississippi, on the 5th inst. scalding three of the crew, and killing only four per sons, viz: one colored woman, who lump ed overboard and was drowned, in addi tion to one deck hand and two passengers who volunteered to take a line ashore, but in the attempt the yawl was sucked undei by the force of the conflicting currents, and escape was impossible. It appears that- 72 out" of the whole number of persons on board the Pulaski have been saved. The catastrophy is at tributed to neglect in letting the water es cape, and then suddenly filling the red hot boiler with fresh water, which ex panded and produced an explosion. Bos ton Press. Thk Smithsonian Bequest. The following is a letter addressed to the edit or of the Pennsylvanian, by a friend in London, and contains some interesting in formation in relation to the Smithsonian bequest recently obtained by Mr. Rush in behalf of the United States : Boston Press. . New Wheat. The Richmond Whig of Thursday states that contracts foT hew wheat have been made to the extent of 25 or 30,000 bushels at 61,45 for red, and 91,50 for white, delivered in July ; and an average of 1,30 for deliveries in Au gust. Appointments by the President. Henry' Atkinson, of North Carolina, to be Governor, and William B. Conway, of Pennsylvania, to be Secretary of the Ter ritory of Iowa to take place on the 3d of July next. ' RELIGIOUS MISCELLANY. Cqnnecticot Baptist State Con vention. Fifteenth Annual Meeting. The Convention met at NewLondonl on Tuesday M3tb?in6t., at3 P. AL and or ganized by ihe choice of Jobn Cookson, of Middletown, President, and W. Palm er, of Chester, Secretary. Several Boards and Committees had assembled in the morning and transacted official business. The number of ministers, members of the Convention, was about fifty, and among the visiting brethren were Messrs. Ben nett and Malconi of the. Foreign Board; Maclay ot the Bible Society ; Thresher of .the Northern Education Society: RockwelUof the New-England Baptist S. S. Union ; and Murphy of the Home Mission. - The afternoon was spent in organizing and other preliminary business, and in the evening Br. B. Cook preached on the duty of contending for the faith once de livered to the saints. He divided the sub ject into three branches; first a', sketch of ihe essentials ; second manner of con tending for these; thirdly reasons for this duty. On Wednesday morning the Conven tion resolved itself' into -a committee on ministerial education ; Br. G. Bobbins, of Hartford, was called to the Chair, and Br. H. Wooster, Secretary. Addresses were made by Messrs. Thresher; Cook, Ma lcora, Bennett, Turnbull and Shailer, and an excellent spirit seemed to prevail. The Seminary at bufneld nourishes un der the direction of Mr. J. Shailer, as much as its means allow us to expect. Thursday morning was engrossed with much business, , among which domestic missions vrt re made conspicuous. Broth- m ! I a r -a er ftlurpny irom tne. American tiome Mission Society, delivered an -animating add ress. The subjects of ..temperance, religious publications, &c, received warm attention, and a very religious spirit evi dentlypervaded the meeting. The afternoon was spent in a very in teresting and profitable manner upon the concerns or the Bible Society, and Sun day School. Addresses were made by brethren Maciay:'& Bennett. Bap. Hec. Clerical levity. Life should not be with any, a time to trifle. Its mom ents are fleeting too fast away ; its hours are too ra'pidly hurrying us to the tomb. Theie is too much to be effected too mighty a work to lead on, to admit of friv olity. It is," indeed, a fearful thing to live to know that on this narrow span of time, events are hanging, of such mo: mentoos consequence to feel that soon an eternity will burst upon us with its aw ful disclosures, and' its .changeless state. With oS the nlghl is passing away ; the day,' the unending day, is at hand. Not id" yam, then; was that exhortation or the Aoostle. " be ve sober." But if this is applicable lo the "private ' Christian with wnat aaaea empnasis does ii appeal to me Christian minister f If St. Paul ould write to-4he' church Jbf the Epbesians, that' foolish talking and 'jesting! are not convenient 'doesr not the chargV'come with double power to him who stand be- tweec, the' living and the 'deadi as vhe twesc. tne-li ving ana tne aeaa, ; as ue hastence, wilf reduce their numb7rs,and final messenger" f GodlO Sinfurana apostate 1W extirpate them. This is tbe arrnraent as Iun- ul - ..t ckall nknu knenM i7th m i uun o, nuww . tieinnj uiw cu.v v . uwv , Tfi las't long afterthe ' light !of the sua has i been quenched shall he stop to mingle m the idle raillery of those aroahd him3 Ma a . .9 r . snail he not rather bear ever written on the tablet of his mind, that confession of David : " There is not a word in" my tongue, but 16 ! 6 Lord, thou knowest it altogether!" With what feelings can he pass from the midst of levity to joimn the solemn duties of hi. profession t .He may be summoned while the half uttered iest is upon his lips, to go forth, and see thel last nour ot some on committed to nia charge to stand by the dying sinner,. when eternity is oneninsr to his view. when his lips are quivering with a long forgotten prayer, and for the first time, he asks, in the agony of his spirit, What must l do to be saved r ur, it may pe his lot to administer the comforts of our most holy faith to the departing Christ ian, and to aid him in gathering up the energies of his soul for the last, stern con flict. Will his spirit be fitted for daties like these, when he has just been ming ling in the frivolty of the world ! No, if the Christian minister seeks nothing be yond his own spirituality, and that frame of mind which fits him to deal with the souls of dying men, he will let his con versation be such as becometh the Gospel of Christ. N. Y. Review. Revival Intelligence. From the New York Baptist Register, we learn that the churches in Utica are still receiv ing additions to their numbers. On Lord's day, the 3d LnsL, 13 or 14 were immers ed. The editor remarks ; 'Last Lord's day furnished a repetition of the customa ry lovely scenes of symbolizing the Sa vior's death and resurrection. We saw 13 or 14 buried in the likeness of Christ's deatn in the Mohawk, 7 ot them by our Meihodist brethren.' The accessions to the different denomi nations in Utica, since the commen:e ment of the revival, have been as follws : Bethel church, Baptist, 70 53 63 1S6 63 81 144 100 25 20 30 575 Broad-street do. do. Welch-street do. do. Methodist, First Presbyterian, Second do. Welch Congregational, Whitefield Welch Methodist, Dutch Reformed, Episcopal,' Making 188 to the Baptist and 389 to the Pedobaptist churches. A large propor tion of those added to the Methodists were immersed, probably between 40 and 50. Religious Herald. From the Emancipator. CORRESPONDENCE, Between the Hon. F. H. Elmore, one of the South Carolina delegation in Con gress, and James G. Birney, one of the Corresponding Secretaries of the American Anti-Slavery Society. Concluded "13. Are your "hopes and expectaion of succct incrented or lettered by ihe events r.fthe last year arid especially by the action of this Congress? And" vill yotr exertions be relaxed or increased ?" The next stride that slavery made over the Constitution was in the admission of the State of Louisiana into the Union. She could claim no favor as part of an "Original State." At this point, it might have been supposed the friends of freedom and of the Constitution, according to its o riginal intent, would have made a stand, But no: with the exception of Massachu setts, they hesitated and were persuaded to acquiesce, because the country was just a bout entering into a war with England, and the time was unpropitious for discuss ing qoestions that would create divisions between different sections of the Union. We must wait till the country was at peace. Thus it was that Louisiana was admitted without a controversy. Next followed in 1817 and 1820, Mis sissippi and Alabama admitted after the example of Kentucky & Tennessee, with out any contest, ' Meantime, Florida had given some uneasiness to the slave-holders of the neighboring States; and for their accommodation chiefly, a negotiation was set on foot by the government to pur chase it. Missouri was next in order in 1821. She could plead no privilege, on the score of being part of one of ihe Original States ; the country too, was relieved from the pressure of her late conflict with England ; it was prosperous and quiet; everything seemed propitious to a calm and dispas sionate consideration of the claims of slave holders to add props to their system, by admitting indefinitely, new slave-States to the Union. Up to this time, tbe evil" of si a ve ry h ad been aj most u n i ve r sal I y c- knowledged and deplored by the South, and its termination (apparently) sincerely hoped lor. this management of its friends succeeded in blinding the confiding Mr. Clay, in conducting the Missouri comnrom- ise, fovnd it necessarjrtovrne, that tbe admission of Missouri as a elave-holding State, would aid in bringing' about the termination of slaTery. His ar- gumegt i thus stated bj Mr. serf eant, who replied to him: u In this Ion view of remote and distant consequence, the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. Clay) thinks he sees how slavery, when thos spread, is at last to find its end. It is to be brought abont by the combined operation of the laws which regu late tbe price of labor and the laws which rovern population. When tbe country shall foe filled with inhabitants, and the price of labor shall have reach- ed a nmimonl' (a -comparative minimum I suppose is raeaatlfree. labor will ba found cheaper than slava labor. Slaves will, then be without employment. and of coarse without the means of conuortable tub- I derstaad it." savs Mr. Sereeaatv and eertainlv u i ;hmunni dmm .un.. Yj BOt nave neea nrred dv any one. people bl t most part; trie North. They thought for tne that the slave-holders were act ing in 'good faith. It is not interided by this remark, - to make the impression; that the South had all along pressed the ad mission . of the neW :slayeTStates, simply with a view to the increase of its own pow er. By no means. Slavery had insinu ated itself into" favor because of its being mixed up with (other) supposed benefits and because its ultimate influence on the government was neither dreaded nor sus pected. But, on the Missouri question, there was a fair trial of strength between the friends of Slavery and the friends of the Constitution. The formertriumphed, and by the prime agency of otto whose raiment, the remainder of his days, ought to be sackloth and ashes, because of the pres ent ills which impend over,ps, the disgrace he has continued on the name of his coun try, and the consequent injury that he has inflicted on the cause of Freedom through out the world. Although all the different administrations, from the organization of the government, nad, in the indirect man ner already mentioned, favored slavery, there had not been on any previous occa sion, a direct atruggle between its pretend sions and the principles of liberty ingraft ed on the Constitution. The friends of the latter were induced to believe, when ever they should be arrayed again I each other, that theirs would be the triumph. Tremendous error 1 Mistake almost fatal 1 The battle was fought: S'avery emerged from it unhurt her hands made gory her bloody plume still floating in the air exultingly brandishing her dripping sword over her prostrate and vanquished enemy. She had won all for which she fought. Her victory was complete the sanction oj the nation was given to slave- ry i f Immediately after this achievement, the slaveholding interest was still more strong ly fortified by the: acquisition of Florida, and the establishment of slavery there, as it had already been in the territory of Lou isiana. The Missouri triumph, however, seems to have extinguished every thing like a systematic or spirited opposition, on the part of the free States, to the pretensions o' the slave-holding South. Arkansas was admitted but the other day, with no thing, that deserves to be called an effort to prevent it although her Constitution attempts to perpetuate slavery, by forbid ding the master to emancipate his bond men wjthoutthe consent of the Legislature, and the legislature without the consent of the master. Emboldened, but not satisfi ed with their success in every political contest with the people of the free States, the slave-holders are beginning now to throw off their disguise to brand their former notions about the "evil, political and moral" of slavery, as "folly and delu sion" and as if to "make assurance doubly sure," and defend themselves for ever, by territorial power, against the pro gress of free principles and the renovation of the Constitution, they now demand open ly scorning to conceal that their object is, to advance and establish their political power in the country, that, Texas, a for eign Siate, five or six tunes as large as all Mr. Calhoun is reported in the National Intelli gencer, as having usetl these words in a speech de livered in the Senate, the 10th day of January. "Many in the South once believed that it I slave ry was' a moral and political evil: that folly and delusion are gone : we see it now in its true fight ; and regard it as tne most safe and stable basis for free institutions in the world." Mr. Hammond, formerly a Representative in Con- fress from South Carolina, delivered a speech (Feb. , 1836,1 on the question of receiving petitions for the abolition of slavery in the District or Columbia : In answering those wlio objected to a slave-holding country, that it was M assimilated to an aristocracy,' he says "In this they are rif ht. I accept the terms. It is a government of the best. Combining all the advantages, and possessing but few of the disadvan tages, of the aristocracy of the old world without fostering to an unwarrantable extent the pride, tha exclusiveness, the selfishness, the thirst for sway, the contempt for the rights of others, which distin euish the nobility of Eucope it eives us their edu cation, their polish, their munificence, their high : honor, their undaunted spirit. Slavery does indeed create an aristocracy an aristocracy of talents, of virtue, of generosity, of courage. In a slave coun try, every freeman is an aristocrat. Be he rich or Kor, if he does not possess a single slave, he has en born to all the natural advantases of the soci ety 1n which he is placed, and atl its honors lie open before him, inviting his genius and industry. Sir, I do firmly believe, that domestic slavery, regulated as ours is, produces the highest-toned, the purest, best organization of society, tht has ever existed on the face of the earth." That this retraxit of former follies and delusions is not confined to the mere politician, we have the following proofs ; TheChahlestoh (S. C.) Uirioif Presbttert " Resolved, That in the opinion of this Presbytery, the holding of slaves, so far from being a sin in the eight of God, is no where .condemned in his holy word that it is in accordance with the example, or consistent with the precepts of patriarchs, prophets and apostles; and that itiscompatiblo with the most fraternal regard to the good ol the servants whom God has committed to our charge." Within the last few months, as we learn from a late No. of tlta Charleston Courier, "The late Synod pf the Pres byterian Church in Augusta, passed resolutions de claring that slavery is a Civil Ikstitutiow, with which the Generaf Assembly the highest ecclesi astical tribunal has nothing to do. Again,the Charleston Baptist Associat ioir.in a memorial to the Legislature of South Carolina, say "The-undersigned would further represent, that the said Association does not consider, that the Holy Scriptures have made the fact of slavery a question of morals at all." And further, "Xhe right of masters todispose of the time of their alaves has been distinctly recognized by the Creator of all thin's." Again, tlie Edgefield (S.C.) Associatioi ."Re solved, rhat the practical question of slavery In a country where the system has obtained as a part of the stated policy, is settled in the Scripture dv Je sus Christ and hi apostles." " u Resolved. That these uniformly recognized the relation of master and slave, and enjoined on both their respective du ties, under a system Of servitude more degrading &, absolute than that which obtains in our country." Again, we find in a late No of the Charleston Couiief, tbe following : .."Tat Sovthbr CHrmcHr-The Georgia Con ference of the' Methodist Episcopal Church, at a re cent meeting in Athens, passed resolutiofls, declar ing that slavery, 'as it exists in the United State, is sot a moral evil, and is a civil and domestic insti tution, with whieh Christian Ministers have nothing to do, farther than to meliorate the conditio ofjbe slave, by endeavoring to impart to h im and his mas ter, the benisn influence of tho religion of Christ, 4 and aiding both on their jray to heaven." . New-Ehgfand;ith a ConitutibrTv'ed-. j as deep in slavery-as that of Arkansas, ,-The arlitio the integrity and, union ofXthe government, on the, principles rt$feijttitut Therefore It is, that tfiey look with earnest concern on the attempt now making.by tha South, to do what,;in: theTviety of raulti tudes ofour citizens, would amount to good cause for the separation of the free from the slave-States. Their concern .is trot mingled with any mingled feeiings'of des pair. The alarm they sounded onvthe "Annexation" question has penetrated the free States; it will, in all pTorjabiUtj.be favorably responded to- by every orie- of them ; thus giving encodragerrieat to put faith, that the admission of Texas will 1e successfully resisted, that this additional stain will not be impressed on ota? nation air escutcheon,- nor this addh'ohal -peTtl brought upon the South.. .s . ;a p The present condition of the country, induced by a longtr?;in of. usurpations ba the part of the South, or by unworthy coh cessions to it by the North, may justlybe regarded as one of the events oftheast few ;yearsN afTecting',' in .sbrae. way,'!;the tainly done so.' - And whilst it is no! to be denied, that many abolitionists feel painful apprehensionsvfor the result, n r has only" roused thcin up to jnake more effectual: ef forts for the presef vation.of the country -s. It may be replied if the abolitionist, are suchfirm friends of the ynjon, why do they persist Jn wjiak musLend in its rupture and dissolution? iT.be, .abolition: ists, let it be repeated, are friends of Ma Union that was intended Ty therConstftui tion; but not of a Union from which" it eviscerated &.trodden .uiiderfbot thought to speak, to jirxnt, to petition; the rights of conscience ; not of a Union whose Hga, ments are w hi ps where the interest of the oppressor is the 'great interest, the right Co oppress the paramount right; Itis againk the distortion of the glorious Union our fathers left us into one bound viih tiespdti ic bands that tbe, abolitionists are xonteW ,n'ff- Inhepolitical aspect ofthe, ques tion, they have nothing to ask excent what the Constitution aulihorizesndchapge iq desire, tut that the Constitution may be re stored to its pristine republican purity: But they have well considered the dis solution of the Union." There Ts no just ground forapprehending.thatsucharneas ure will ever be resorted to by the Semthl It is by no means intended by this, to affirm' that the South, like a spoiled child, for the first time denied some favorite obiWr mio-hi not fall into sudden frenzy and do herself some great harm. But knowing as I da,' the intelligence and fo recast of Ihe' leadin g men of the South, and believing that they will, if ever such a crisis should corue, be judiciously influenced by the existing state of the case, and by the, consequences that would inevitably flow frpm an act of dis solution they would oof, lam sureeerrl it desirable or politic They would be brought, in their calmer mombnts, to coin cide with one who has facetiously, but not' the lesatruly remarked, that it would fee. as indiscreet in the slave-South to sernrate from the free-Noijh, as for: the poorr to separate from the parish that supported them. In support of these opinions t would say " , -.- First A dissolution of the Union bythaV South would, iri no manner, seCu're.f6r her the object she has in view.- Thleadertl at the south,-both in the Church and in the State, must, , by this time, be too well rn formed as to the nature of the anti-slavery. ind.rectly. The whole complaint of the South is neither more nor less than this the North talks about ilavtry Now of all the means or appliances that could be devised to give greater life and publicity, to the discussion of slaverv, none could be half so effectual as the dissolution ' of "the Uoion because of the discussion. ' Ii wduid astonish the civilized. worJd,they. would inquire into the cause pf such: a rernarka-' ble event jn ::s hrstory the resultrwouW' benot only enlarged rfittwioaofthe ivhole subject, but it would bring snch Vm'easufo, of contem pt on the guilty jmover's' of" the deed, that even with all tbe advantages of " their education, their poiish. theh mpnif, icence, their high honor, their'uodauntei spi rit7 so eloqnentlyet forth by the Hon. Mr. Hammond, the v would. find if hard to withstaad its influence. Jt is difficult for men, in a oi-cause, to maihtaintneir! rn'sppos1'0? t0 an extensive ly corrupt public sentiment ; . in a bad one? against public sentiment purified and enT lightened next to impossible, if not qiiile SO. . . -. , Another result would follow the dissri- I lution. Now, the abolhionists find it'djffi- culC by reason of the odium which the principal slave-holders and their friends have succeeded in attaching to their name to introduce' a knowledge of theff princi ples and; measures intotheeat, mass oi Southern.mind, .There are multitudes at the South whp would cp-operate with us, ft is not, ay Mr. CalhoonCthat "WexpectUia abolitionists will resort to arms- will commence a crusade to doiiver our slaves by force." uo icu- uur jfieuu ot me South who differ frort ms that the wax which t!ie abolitionists was against us. Is of a very dmerent character, and ; fat more effective it is; wared not araint.our liea, but our cliaracjer." Mora correctly, Ir.C misht haye said against a syifi'wifh wicKtheslave h lders have chosen to involve. tht-;iruir.,A. .-j I winch they have determined to defend at ttojbasard I of losing them. - I "it. ' . - ...St. - ar