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Vermont telegraph. [volume] (Brandon [Vt.]) 1828-1843, July 11, 1838, Image 1

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' ' ' ' ' - ,,, - -'-;s vi-s Hri - , v.- -....V . . I 4t7i- s" !
c wiiY QRsoiy s;mujiray;: ; j ; if;:;;;; RArrDoy;i Wednesdays jtti,y ii? isas: - - vow x.: llbrm:
4
1
V ' Cr-The VitMOifT.Ti.Q.jiFiil pubhb
ad areeldt. at $1,00 4 year; yayabla Within four
o;Ul ftr foui- Booth ' aid " within eight
2,21 fter eiM months and rwlUxin th year
$ IJiO altar th tlo of the yer, to rUa in', lha
jaUo.r. .v.
feT6 companiea who receifa twelra or mora
Copies in bua handle", and paj within four months,
at 9159 tiler lour month, to nte-aa abore.
. '&,? trithht eitht raoniha kc
. .. 0r? Agenta, who procure and pay toi six aub
acrtbera, are tatitled to the aeTenth copy gratia.
" No papr tl be dwcofciinuedlihtU. aneara
aaa are paid, ascent at the dUcrttion of the pub
Cliaher. r,t v' juiV'-.-v ,vwit.-,- ,
AJlIett'era, to itcare attention, must come
DmNDON-8aTUKDAT; Jdiv 7, 1838.
t, .Th folJowiflff'- trticUi Wre- exclude
Trora the Injidf form, last wtlq for wa at of
: ; i .xi . .nbn jiiiiicA.
By the jpack'etuhn Cater jbave
'files Kingstbnpipejrs'to iKtiGth1 instant
'lneIusirerftC which "we are indebted "to
MrVOHpiri 'Of ; the Exchange" Reading
Rdom They conla in highly ' interesting
JntelIiVncr,resp6btinjhea'ppren
?NOn;0e '5tS .ihsJwtth ; Councijl a'nd
'Uouse of, Assembly; rart specialf tesi
.ibri,anJ'were cJJresatni byhe governor
id the folio wing VflrcU
. vJbpe had galled thero together at an
linafuaj seaion, lo Uke 0W coruiderAtion
the ttate of t!,e wland under th lawi f for
the government ioC'.lhes laboring poptila
rjon j.that the fubjvct vyaa atrongly agitat
f4 throughput iht, lirittsh empire-and -in
'arljarneurwhcre. the : honorable efforts'
of ministers were bandy sufficient to oiain
uin the exiting.Iat as an obligation of
ja i itfoo a I h, j , t b 1 1 ex:iie tnent al j? . exist.
VtT among the appWiUcw, . but, that, they;
tu rested in' soWKarid iie topc,,rely
11 af oh ibe.lgenerusHy of (tbe eolouial Log
Islatufe fo'lT4helw)ri that Has been.. grant
ed to their las4.lri';oiftl' colonies; and
ihAt jt Vibi? duty to recorarnend the ear
ly ynduat apolitioti 6lt appVeottcesbip
or all ejjneV. '
He Was' comrniadeiL tp .jnfprMi aheni,
however, that no' question of firthefcpm
Wniiiidn Would be entertained by her ma-
ivsiy s inigisvers i oui ne enirejiuu in em
ouse, Ihe Oovernofra address',was refer'
red Id a committed b'f'sevenrp 4 v ..J
Air. vjuy, oi ino.com.nuiee, gave notice
thnt ha'ahontddn the next xlayintroduce
a bill abolish the apprenticeship" term
he captain general had issued an or-
uor loroiviuinjj nny ininuuuiau ,iu turn oui
in afnti and,UAiform,,:ecept by authority
Vmandtin'from hihiSclf.J r.his oder is
til to have bee'n'cahseby the act of a
militia officer who called oui' a party to
intirrjidate'.h!sv negroea, into, cqrppliance
with his Wishes and also by the .knowl
edge that the plan of .association was to
resorted to, jri opposiuon to the meas
u res of 'govern meht,. ' , .
' librd uierielg's act to amend the act for
jhe' abolition of Slavery was proclaimed
'on the 4th instant, to be jn force after the
t It. was , i n.. cootem pjai ion among .the
rhembers of the 'Assenibly and .. Council
H assign the '28h inst'tbe I day of rthe
Voronation fortbe abolition,, ot appren-
,-...... i -- ". r
tuhin. i. . . '.
i' in me luornmg journal oi.ineoio inst
;wf find7a long fttter froinjheMarqtiis
late govproor iq , ine moers j
,pf tbe.Assepbl, strpnglv urging therato;
family f Captain" Hortort of uuincy. losi
fief Hie-unueT me; lonowicg meiancuoiy
fcirfumitancesl' A'rlhdafirhlless : yoang'l
tMtt bT'the name OI - pavenpon, iook opj
: . " . , "
a gun. wmca ne nau sumo reason 10 iwi
tieve'wa not loadedili'rid" inrrt jpoibted
it at hef. knowing tha she-was exceed-
InglyaJraid "of a: gdn. The gun bow-
ever, Vat loaded, and orr pulling the tng:
to eonsiuer toe lmpracucaoutty or carry
in ff oncoerci ve laborWith' an v . hoDe of
auccessful igricultare. j' 7 ' ''"?':
" After a shor but anunatei debate in the
11
seaem to tne a no
.ti- i.r-- . -j M .V 1 jT J ounuay, we
iiiai u,reaouxQ w inseir.nonor.anq aq-n Q JuQ- 6lh
P$-Wy . : - bouncement
j Lam kNTABtt Occurrence. List J aTe aooot to grant emancipation to
week?a yourtgwomah whoesided in the! three bundreel thousand apprentices.
rr. Itvwas dis-harged,1 and theholelti-nter of this hm Infold hen in -some of
eharire, consisting f large rahot, 'entered
the back of her head and- heck,c caostng
her death ahort I v after How many fatal
aUrata hare beta' the Tesult of similar
foolish and Imprudent aai-maafifc
av a t X
journal.
DisAtTaooa.YA.R. The year 1838
is likely to becprae painfully memorable
Vear. 'Within the Jast; ievv months, be
toes a larsre number ot less important!
uuiuiua, .tuimpaes, anaeipiysiwus. nc
- . r.,. i. i...' - .. -
a stop to euciv jTPOiesa e . kwwik o.
life and property. Christian Secretary
SpECiE.r:It is estimated thatvjbere
$400,000,000, Specie in Faance ; 0150,-
rnn nnrt Cr.rv1.nrl .4 .k.. con nnn
uvu.uww "'5'"uut oitupuuu ouw,wv
vw ui w wMi4jin,.
for its numerous- iteamboaj, disasters... ut no douDt be pleased to learn that Air aiai
record is truly frightful, and", melancholy, com has in "preperation a new work, the
and out ol all proportion with any former result of. bis travels in! 'observations in
jouowing is tne meiancnoiyist; tne uen-1 lean press opon lhat delightful
Bherrod, ,w;tn, Mie . ipsa .of , lOO.Iivestne I -:T y r--
a ' -....5l i An .l: 1 t- . .L.l - ihe-Journal of Commerce
.in- rrt ',k- t inn- 1 tne report of a fire at Point
ft. Z 1 lli' i m.v vv-.k:!: on 1 Joope, is - incorrecL Ther
" TJx. . 'r Mariegallante. fifteen miles off.
tea i 'UiaSKI. IVU cicuv .jtwn wj, isuu Am7. ', i ' .
4rTen t:-i;ti , RrmU .nr.U destroyed entirely, except,
uu.ua. yj ' rr r v; church.; Fire hundred Jiouse
mmMhinir ran una musi oc -4ion .xo ui
Lalu Gedrs;MH0rioifta
Sereral'enterpHsibg gentlerhen have
built a new Steamboat on this lake, which
commenced her regolar tfij?3bti Tuesday
Ihe 12th of June; '
,On this occasion the ptoprietors invited
eeveral gentlemen from Washington, War.
ren, Essex and Saratosra counties, to mi-
take of a collation and enjoy a passage on
those pure and placid waters through the
lake whose romantic shores and moul
dering forts: awaken so many thrilling
recollections of darin achievment and
deadly. strife - t t -
"After the cloth was removed, Ransom
Cook, Esq. remarked, that he would avail
himself of this propitious occasion to sug
gest the propriety of restoring the Indian.
appellation to these waters. He said he
had never conversed with an individual
who id not regret thai, the, name of Hor
rcVnso Appropriately given by the abori
gines to this lake, had not been retained.
He thought it rare that the change of an
fjidian name for one of our own was any
jinp'royenient., . But if there were no other
rqotfve, these names should be retained as
memorials of interesting race, doomed
soon. to become extinct by the stern law of
necessity.
The names, however, given by the
children of.the forest to the lakes, rivers, 4
mountains and cataracts of this country,
express the , red man's leeliogs of the
beauty and sublimity of nature around
him, while foreigners generally admire
lj)em for the grandeur of their sound
alone.
If . we articulate Niagara, Onondaga,
Saratoga,. Tuscarora, we perceive a full.
roiling, reveroeration oi sounu, irotn syl
lable to syllable, resembling the echoes
from these mountains of the cannou just
fiied. Indeed we instantly discover tbeir
superiorly over European. names on pro
nouncing imerston, Uoncaster, Uambar
ton, &c.
Besides the"advantage of euphony, the
Indian names ' have always a significant
and nppropriale meaning. No other lan
guage probablv affords p. word so beauti
fully, descriptive of this limpid, lovely t
wave, as that ol Honcon, meaning the
LAKE OF SILVER, WATERS. .
Whether it: was changed to that of
Lake, George,. out of servile compliment
to a kiog oi that , name, or from Mind
reverence to St. George of fabulous and
Quixotic memory is not of sufficient eon-
Sequence to merit an inquiry. In either
case the, change, was a violation both of
propriety and good taste.-.
,A He tberefpre oflered the fallowing res
olutjonSj wh'ch were adopted with unani
mous ariplause : -
. Ketofted, .That tbe nam of Honcon o rsureu
to the lake loff usually called Lake George ; and
that all editor. EreoeraDhers. publishers and travel
lers be roqaestcd, when peaking of this sheet of
water, to use the Indian cognomen iioncon. ...
M Rttotted, That we reipectfullv request the edit
ors throughout the Union to publish those proceed
ing t , , Thos. J. Mar y ik, Prtst.
1 Sidney J. CowenSec.
June' 12th, (838.
Proof Positive that American grown
silk is superior and to be preferred to for
eign silk ts made evident from the manu
ftrtiim nf Ameriran sillr. which was
oriiwrt in this town, and nntv in oneration
at the New Silk Factory, by South-street
bridge. The lustre, strength and reeling
is suoerior to the im nor ted article. The
reeling is so perfect that there is but little
comparative waste. It is probably wonn
from 25 to 33 1 3 per pound, more than
foreign silk. The fact is encouraging to
ailk growers,. who can and may grow silk
at a better profit than any' other crop.
wortnampion courier.
GLoRtous news from Jamaica.-Bv
the .t- Jobn W. Cater from
Kiioat hkZ arrivea at this port on
nave nits ui ;muiika ij
containing the gratifying ap
that the planters of that island
ineir
The
only topics of dispute among the papers
5mcu w urt icsurciiiigie uuyuiM . mvu
universal liberty should Like place, and
hi .l. lit " : I
"arow jvnicn snouiu De assinu -
- . " t ituntc iu uu.M-...v
( and )telice. Emancipator.
The wheit harvest, now about to be
harvested will be the most abundant that
us focn produced for many years. The
.k- Wgt wheat enuntiei in Vireinia and
Mr.land. and norr nritnessed at any pe
i r-tnA - The fat
riod a more cheering" prospect. The far
mers tre jn fine aroints, and every thing
bodes an ample return firc their labors.
liichmomd Whig. . -
"A new work from the pen of Hbw-
I ard Malcox The reading public will
- 1 the East, -which will without doubt prove
one oi the most Interestm? productions
i wnicu uis issued Ot late irom tne vinci
country.
r.ates , that
Petre, Goad-
fire, was at
which was
the Jail .and
were ,'de-i
r roanv ot them DricK.f u.o kv
foment bad put up shapaes jfor; the relief
nf ih inh.kuV, "Z1t7 pU , ...
w -The mbstot&l mines of .Mercurvi,"ef
Q,uicksiIver.RTe those 6f Id rtjr'in' Austria;
.1 i-. j , , . .. tr,j:
- Aiiuauen in Drain, ana uaanra v cit
!r;Jrru.v - t ' '
Alarm i no facts In less than' three f
years it is computed that about ttoo thou
f.v.oiij nc uccu uur rieu iu ineir
graves by steamboat accidents. The Na
tional Gazette" savs that during- the vear
U836, upwards of, three hutuLred and 'fif
ty were tnus cut oH ; in 1837, six or sec
en hundred met their deaths Jn the same
way; and that alieady within the ' six
months of 1838, quite a ihbusandbr near
ly that number have been thus killed !
BostonPress.
Another Steamboat Blown up.
The North St. Louis exploded on the
Mississippi, on the 5th inst. scalding three
of the crew, and killing only four per
sons, viz: one colored woman, who lump
ed overboard and was drowned, in addi
tion to one deck hand and two passengers
who volunteered to take a line ashore, but
in the attempt the yawl was sucked undei
by the force of the conflicting currents,
and escape was impossible.
It appears that- 72 out" of the whole
number of persons on board the Pulaski
have been saved. The catastrophy is at
tributed to neglect in letting the water es
cape, and then suddenly filling the red
hot boiler with fresh water, which ex
panded and produced an explosion. Bos
ton Press.
Thk Smithsonian Bequest. The
following is a letter addressed to the edit
or of the Pennsylvanian, by a friend in
London, and contains some interesting in
formation in relation to the Smithsonian
bequest recently obtained by Mr. Rush
in behalf of the United States : Boston
Press. .
New Wheat. The Richmond Whig
of Thursday states that contracts foT hew
wheat have been made to the extent of 25
or 30,000 bushels at 61,45 for red, and
91,50 for white, delivered in July ; and
an average of 1,30 for deliveries in Au
gust. Appointments by the President.
Henry' Atkinson, of North Carolina, to
be Governor, and William B. Conway, of
Pennsylvania, to be Secretary of the Ter
ritory of Iowa to take place on the 3d
of July next. '
RELIGIOUS MISCELLANY.
Cqnnecticot Baptist State Con
vention. Fifteenth Annual Meeting.
The Convention met at NewLondonl on
Tuesday M3tb?in6t., at3 P. AL and or
ganized by ihe choice of Jobn Cookson,
of Middletown, President, and W. Palm
er, of Chester, Secretary. Several Boards
and Committees had assembled in the
morning and transacted official business.
The number of ministers, members of the
Convention, was about fifty, and among
the visiting brethren were Messrs. Ben
nett and Malconi of the. Foreign Board;
Maclay ot the Bible Society ; Thresher
of .the Northern Education Society:
RockwelUof the New-England Baptist
S. S. Union ; and Murphy of the Home
Mission.
- The afternoon was spent in organizing
and other preliminary business, and in
the evening Br. B. Cook preached on the
duty of contending for the faith once de
livered to the saints. He divided the sub
ject into three branches; first a', sketch of
ihe essentials ; second manner of con
tending for these; thirdly reasons for
this duty.
On Wednesday morning the Conven
tion resolved itself' into -a committee on
ministerial education ; Br. G. Bobbins,
of Hartford, was called to the Chair, and
Br. H. Wooster, Secretary. Addresses
were made by Messrs. Thresher; Cook,
Ma lcora, Bennett, Turnbull and Shailer,
and an excellent spirit seemed to prevail.
The Seminary at bufneld nourishes un
der the direction of Mr. J. Shailer, as
much as its means allow us to expect.
Thursday morning was engrossed with
much business, , among which domestic
missions vrt re made conspicuous. Broth-
m ! I a r -a
er ftlurpny irom tne. American tiome
Mission Society, delivered an -animating
add ress. The subjects of ..temperance,
religious publications, &c, received warm
attention, and a very religious spirit evi
dentlypervaded the meeting.
The afternoon was spent in a very in
teresting and profitable manner upon the
concerns or the Bible Society, and Sun
day School. Addresses were made by
brethren Maciay:'& Bennett. Bap. Hec.
Clerical levity. Life should not
be with any, a time to trifle. Its mom
ents are fleeting too fast away ; its hours
are too ra'pidly hurrying us to the tomb.
Theie is too much to be effected too
mighty a work to lead on, to admit of friv
olity. It is," indeed, a fearful thing to
live to know that on this narrow span
of time, events are hanging, of such mo:
mentoos consequence to feel that soon
an eternity will burst upon us with its aw
ful disclosures, and' its .changeless state.
With oS the nlghl is passing away ; the
day,' the unending day, is at hand. Not
id" yam, then; was that exhortation or the
Aoostle. " be ve sober." But if this is
applicable lo the "private ' Christian with
wnat aaaea empnasis does ii appeal to me
Christian minister f If St. Paul ould
write to-4he' church Jbf the Epbesians,
that' foolish talking and 'jesting! are not
convenient 'doesr not the chargV'come
with double power to him who stand be-
tweec, the' living and the 'deadi as vhe
twesc. tne-li ving ana tne aeaa, ; as ue hastence, wilf reduce their numb7rs,and final
messenger" f GodlO Sinfurana apostate 1W extirpate them. This is tbe arrnraent as Iun-
ul - ..t ckall nknu knenM i7th
m i uun o, nuww .
tieinnj uiw cu.v v . uwv , Tfi
las't long afterthe ' light !of the sua has i
been quenched shall he stop to mingle
m the idle raillery of those aroahd him3
Ma a . .9 r .
snail he not rather bear ever written on
the tablet of his mind, that confession of
David : " There is not a word in" my
tongue, but 16 ! 6 Lord, thou knowest it
altogether!" With what feelings can he
pass from the midst of levity to joimn the
solemn duties of hi. profession t .He may
be summoned while the half uttered iest
is upon his lips, to go forth, and see thel
last nour ot some on committed to nia
charge to stand by the dying sinner,.
when eternity is oneninsr to his view.
when his lips are quivering with a long
forgotten prayer, and for the first time, he
asks, in the agony of his spirit, What
must l do to be saved r ur, it may pe
his lot to administer the comforts of our
most holy faith to the departing Christ
ian, and to aid him in gathering up the
energies of his soul for the last, stern con
flict. Will his spirit be fitted for daties
like these, when he has just been ming
ling in the frivolty of the world ! No, if
the Christian minister seeks nothing be
yond his own spirituality, and that frame
of mind which fits him to deal with the
souls of dying men, he will let his con
versation be such as becometh the Gospel
of Christ. N. Y. Review.
Revival Intelligence. From the
New York Baptist Register, we learn
that the churches in Utica are still receiv
ing additions to their numbers. On Lord's
day, the 3d LnsL, 13 or 14 were immers
ed. The editor remarks ; 'Last Lord's
day furnished a repetition of the customa
ry lovely scenes of symbolizing the Sa
vior's death and resurrection. We saw
13 or 14 buried in the likeness of Christ's
deatn in the Mohawk, 7 ot them by our
Meihodist brethren.'
The accessions to the different denomi
nations in Utica, since the commen:e
ment of the revival, have been as follws :
Bethel church, Baptist,
70
53
63 1S6
63
81 144
100
25
20
30
575
Broad-street do. do.
Welch-street do. do.
Methodist,
First Presbyterian,
Second do.
Welch Congregational,
Whitefield Welch Methodist,
Dutch Reformed,
Episcopal,'
Making 188 to the Baptist and 389 to the
Pedobaptist churches. A large propor
tion of those added to the Methodists were
immersed, probably between 40 and 50.
Religious Herald.
From the Emancipator.
CORRESPONDENCE,
Between the Hon. F. H. Elmore, one of
the South Carolina delegation in Con
gress, and James G. Birney, one of
the Corresponding Secretaries of the
American Anti-Slavery Society.
Concluded
"13. Are your "hopes and expectaion of succct
incrented or lettered by ihe events r.fthe last year
arid especially by the action of this Congress? And"
vill yotr exertions be relaxed or increased ?"
The next stride that slavery made over
the Constitution was in the admission of
the State of Louisiana into the Union.
She could claim no favor as part of an
"Original State." At this point, it might
have been supposed the friends of freedom
and of the Constitution, according to its o
riginal intent, would have made a stand,
But no: with the exception of Massachu
setts, they hesitated and were persuaded to
acquiesce, because the country was just a
bout entering into a war with England,
and the time was unpropitious for discuss
ing qoestions that would create divisions
between different sections of the Union.
We must wait till the country was at
peace. Thus it was that Louisiana was
admitted without a controversy.
Next followed in 1817 and 1820, Mis
sissippi and Alabama admitted after the
example of Kentucky & Tennessee, with
out any contest, ' Meantime, Florida had
given some uneasiness to the slave-holders
of the neighboring States; and for their
accommodation chiefly, a negotiation was
set on foot by the government to pur
chase it.
Missouri was next in order in 1821.
She could plead no privilege, on the score
of being part of one of ihe Original States ;
the country too, was relieved from the
pressure of her late conflict with England ;
it was prosperous and quiet; everything
seemed propitious to a calm and dispas
sionate consideration of the claims of slave
holders to add props to their system, by
admitting indefinitely, new slave-States to
the Union. Up to this time, tbe evil"
of si a ve ry h ad been aj most u n i ve r sal I y c-
knowledged and deplored by the South,
and its termination (apparently) sincerely
hoped lor. this management of its
friends succeeded in blinding the confiding
Mr. Clay, in conducting the Missouri comnrom-
ise, fovnd it necessarjrtovrne, that tbe admission
of Missouri as a elave-holding State, would aid in
bringing' about the termination of slaTery. His ar-
gumegt i thus stated bj Mr. serf eant, who replied
to him: u In this Ion view of remote and distant
consequence, the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr.
Clay) thinks he sees how slavery, when thos spread,
is at last to find its end. It is to be brought abont
by the combined operation of the laws which regu
late tbe price of labor and the laws which rovern
population. When tbe country shall foe filled with
inhabitants, and the price of labor shall have reach-
ed a nmimonl' (a -comparative minimum I suppose
is raeaatlfree. labor will ba found cheaper than slava
labor. Slaves will, then be without employment.
and of coarse without the means of conuortable tub-
I derstaad it." savs Mr. Sereeaatv and eertainlv u
i ;hmunni dmm .un.. Yj
BOt nave neea nrred dv any one.
people bl t
most part;
trie North. They thought for tne
that the slave-holders were act
ing in 'good faith. It is not interided by
this remark, - to make the impression; that
the South had all along pressed the ad
mission . of the neW :slayeTStates, simply
with a view to the increase of its own pow
er. By no means. Slavery had insinu
ated itself into" favor because of its being
mixed up with (other) supposed benefits
and because its ultimate influence on the
government was neither dreaded nor sus
pected. But, on the Missouri question,
there was a fair trial of strength between
the friends of Slavery and the friends of the
Constitution. The formertriumphed, and
by the prime agency of otto whose raiment,
the remainder of his days, ought to be
sackloth and ashes, because of the pres
ent ills which impend over,ps, the disgrace
he has continued on the name of his coun
try, and the consequent injury that he has
inflicted on the cause of Freedom through
out the world. Although all the different
administrations, from the organization of
the government, nad, in the indirect man
ner already mentioned, favored slavery,
there had not been on any previous occa
sion, a direct atruggle between its pretend
sions and the principles of liberty ingraft
ed on the Constitution. The friends of
the latter were induced to believe, when
ever they should be arrayed again I each
other, that theirs would be the triumph.
Tremendous error 1 Mistake almost fatal 1
The battle was fought: S'avery emerged
from it unhurt her hands made gory
her bloody plume still floating in the air
exultingly brandishing her dripping
sword over her prostrate and vanquished
enemy. She had won all for which she
fought. Her victory was complete the
sanction oj the nation was given to slave-
ry
i f
Immediately after this achievement, the
slaveholding interest was still more strong
ly fortified by the: acquisition of Florida,
and the establishment of slavery there, as
it had already been in the territory of Lou
isiana. The Missouri triumph, however,
seems to have extinguished every thing
like a systematic or spirited opposition, on
the part of the free States, to the pretensions
o' the slave-holding South. Arkansas
was admitted but the other day, with no
thing, that deserves to be called an effort
to prevent it although her Constitution
attempts to perpetuate slavery, by forbid
ding the master to emancipate his bond
men wjthoutthe consent of the Legislature,
and the legislature without the consent of
the master. Emboldened, but not satisfi
ed with their success in every political
contest with the people of the free States,
the slave-holders are beginning now to
throw off their disguise to brand their
former notions about the "evil, political
and moral" of slavery, as "folly and delu
sion" and as if to "make assurance
doubly sure," and defend themselves for
ever, by territorial power, against the pro
gress of free principles and the renovation
of the Constitution, they now demand open
ly scorning to conceal that their object
is, to advance and establish their political
power in the country, that, Texas, a for
eign Siate, five or six tunes as large as all
Mr. Calhoun is reported in the National Intelli
gencer, as having usetl these words in a speech de
livered in the Senate, the 10th day of January.
"Many in the South once believed that it I slave
ry was' a moral and political evil: that folly and
delusion are gone : we see it now in its true fight ;
and regard it as tne most safe and stable basis for
free institutions in the world."
Mr. Hammond, formerly a Representative in Con-
fress from South Carolina, delivered a speech (Feb.
, 1836,1 on the question of receiving petitions for
the abolition of slavery in the District or Columbia :
In answering those wlio objected to a slave-holding
country, that it was M assimilated to an aristocracy,'
he says "In this they are rif ht. I accept the terms.
It is a government of the best. Combining all the
advantages, and possessing but few of the disadvan
tages, of the aristocracy of the old world without
fostering to an unwarrantable extent the pride, tha
exclusiveness, the selfishness, the thirst for sway,
the contempt for the rights of others, which distin
euish the nobility of Eucope it eives us their edu
cation, their polish, their munificence, their high :
honor, their undaunted spirit. Slavery does indeed
create an aristocracy an aristocracy of talents, of
virtue, of generosity, of courage. In a slave coun
try, every freeman is an aristocrat. Be he rich or
Kor, if he does not possess a single slave, he has
en born to all the natural advantases of the soci
ety 1n which he is placed, and atl its honors lie open
before him, inviting his genius and industry. Sir, I
do firmly believe, that domestic slavery, regulated
as ours is, produces the highest-toned, the purest,
best organization of society, tht has ever existed on
the face of the earth."
That this retraxit of former follies and delusions
is not confined to the mere politician, we have the
following proofs ;
TheChahlestoh (S. C.) Uirioif Presbttert
" Resolved, That in the opinion of this Presbytery,
the holding of slaves, so far from being a sin in the
eight of God, is no where .condemned in his holy
word that it is in accordance with the example, or
consistent with the precepts of patriarchs, prophets
and apostles; and that itiscompatiblo with the most
fraternal regard to the good ol the servants whom
God has committed to our charge." Within the
last few months, as we learn from a late No. of tlta
Charleston Courier, "The late Synod pf the Pres
byterian Church in Augusta, passed resolutions de
claring that slavery is a Civil Ikstitutiow, with
which the Generaf Assembly the highest ecclesi
astical tribunal has nothing to do.
Again,the Charleston Baptist Associat ioir.in
a memorial to the Legislature of South Carolina,
say "The-undersigned would further represent,
that the said Association does not consider, that the
Holy Scriptures have made the fact of slavery a
question of morals at all." And further, "Xhe
right of masters todispose of the time of their alaves
has been distinctly recognized by the Creator of all
thin's."
Again, tlie Edgefield (S.C.) Associatioi ."Re
solved, rhat the practical question of slavery In a
country where the system has obtained as a part of
the stated policy, is settled in the Scripture dv Je
sus Christ and hi apostles." " u Resolved. That
these uniformly recognized the relation of master
and slave, and enjoined on both their respective du
ties, under a system Of servitude more degrading &,
absolute than that which obtains in our country."
Again, we find in a late No of the Charleston
Couiief, tbe following :
.."Tat Sovthbr CHrmcHr-The Georgia Con
ference of the' Methodist Episcopal Church, at a re
cent meeting in Athens, passed resolutiofls, declar
ing that slavery, 'as it exists in the United State,
is sot a moral evil, and is a civil and domestic insti
tution, with whieh Christian Ministers have nothing
to do, farther than to meliorate the conditio ofjbe
slave, by endeavoring to impart to h im and his mas
ter, the benisn influence of tho religion of Christ,
4 and aiding both on their jray to heaven." .
New-Ehgfand;ith a ConitutibrTv'ed-. j
as deep in slavery-as that of Arkansas,
,-The arlitio
the integrity and, union ofXthe government,
on the, principles rt$feijttitut
Therefore It is, that tfiey look with earnest
concern on the attempt now making.by tha
South, to do what,;in: theTviety of raulti
tudes ofour citizens, would amount to good
cause for the separation of the free from
the slave-States. Their concern .is trot
mingled with any mingled feeiings'of des
pair. The alarm they sounded onvthe
"Annexation" question has penetrated the
free States; it will, in all pTorjabiUtj.be
favorably responded to- by every orie- of
them ; thus giving encodragerrieat to put
faith, that the admission of Texas will 1e
successfully resisted, that this additional
stain will not be impressed on ota? nation
air escutcheon,- nor this addh'ohal -peTtl
brought upon the South.. .s . ;a p
The present condition of the country,
induced by a longtr?;in of. usurpations ba
the part of the South, or by unworthy coh
cessions to it by the North, may justlybe
regarded as one of the events oftheast
few ;yearsN afTecting',' in .sbrae. way,'!;the
tainly done so.' - And whilst it is no! to be
denied, that many abolitionists feel painful
apprehensionsvfor the result, n r has only"
roused thcin up to jnake more effectual: ef
forts for the presef vation.of the country -s.
It may be replied if the abolitionist,
are suchfirm friends of the ynjon, why
do they persist Jn wjiak musLend in its
rupture and dissolution? iT.be, .abolition:
ists, let it be repeated, are friends of Ma
Union that was intended Ty therConstftui
tion; but not of a Union from which" it
eviscerated &.trodden .uiiderfbot thought
to speak, to jirxnt, to petition; the rights of
conscience ; not of a Union whose Hga,
ments are w hi ps where the interest of the
oppressor is the 'great interest, the right Co
oppress the paramount right; Itis againk
the distortion of the glorious Union our
fathers left us into one bound viih tiespdti
ic bands that tbe, abolitionists are xonteW
,n'ff- Inhepolitical aspect ofthe, ques
tion, they have nothing to ask excent what
the Constitution aulihorizesndchapge iq
desire, tut that the Constitution may be re
stored to its pristine republican purity:
But they have well considered the dis
solution of the Union." There Ts no just
ground forapprehending.thatsucharneas
ure will ever be resorted to by the Semthl
It is by no means intended by this, to affirm'
that the South, like a spoiled child, for the
first time denied some favorite obiWr mio-hi
not fall into sudden frenzy and do herself
some great harm. But knowing as I da,'
the intelligence and fo recast of Ihe' leadin g
men of the South, and believing that they
will, if ever such a crisis should corue, be
judiciously influenced by the existing state
of the case, and by the, consequences that
would inevitably flow frpm an act of dis
solution they would oof, lam sureeerrl
it desirable or politic They would be
brought, in their calmer mombnts, to coin
cide with one who has facetiously, but not'
the lesatruly remarked, that it would fee.
as indiscreet in the slave-South to sernrate
from the free-Noijh, as for: the poorr to
separate from the parish that supported
them. In support of these opinions t
would say " , -.-
First A dissolution of the Union bythaV
South would, iri no manner, seCu're.f6r her
the object she has in view.- Thleadertl
at the south,-both in the Church and in the
State, must, , by this time, be too well rn
formed as to the nature of the anti-slavery.
ind.rectly. The whole complaint of the
South is neither more nor less than this
the North talks about ilavtry Now of
all the means or appliances that could be
devised to give greater life and publicity,
to the discussion of slaverv, none could be
half so effectual as the dissolution ' of "the
Uoion because of the discussion. ' Ii wduid
astonish the civilized. worJd,they. would
inquire into the cause pf such: a rernarka-'
ble event jn ::s hrstory the resultrwouW'
benot only enlarged rfittwioaofthe ivhole
subject, but it would bring snch Vm'easufo,
of contem pt on the guilty jmover's' of" the
deed, that even with all tbe advantages of
" their education, their poiish. theh mpnif,
icence, their high honor, their'uodauntei
spi rit7 so eloqnentlyet forth by the Hon.
Mr. Hammond, the v would. find if hard to
withstaad its influence. Jt is difficult for
men, in a oi-cause, to maihtaintneir!
rn'sppos1'0? t0 an extensive
ly corrupt public sentiment ; . in a bad one?
against public sentiment purified and enT
lightened next to impossible, if not qiiile
SO. . . -. ,
Another result would follow the dissri-
I lution. Now, the abolhionists find it'djffi-
culC by reason of the odium which the
principal slave-holders and their friends
have succeeded in attaching to their name
to introduce' a knowledge of theff princi
ples and; measures intotheeat, mass oi
Southern.mind, .There are multitudes at
the South whp would cp-operate with us,
ft is not, ay Mr. CalhoonCthat "WexpectUia
abolitionists will resort to arms- will commence a
crusade to doiiver our slaves by force."
uo icu- uur jfieuu ot me South who differ
frort ms that the wax which t!ie abolitionists was
against us. Is of a very dmerent character, and ; fat
more effective it is; wared not araint.our liea,
but our cliaracjer." Mora correctly, Ir.C misht
haye said against a syifi'wifh wicKtheslave
h lders have chosen to involve. tht-;iruir.,A. .-j
I winch they have determined to defend at ttojbasard
I of losing them.
- I "it. ' . - ...St.
- ar

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