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V E 11 MONT TELEGRAPH. VOL. XI. n0 POEJRY LUTHER. Extract from a pojm which obtained the Chan cellor' Mdal, at the Cambridge Commencement, (England,) 1333. WarS $ MitceUany. . "The night is o'er; the day-epring from on high 1 spreading radianca on tb wakening iky. . Heard y that voice 1 Ah I well may Rone; prepare ! Each charm .to foftan, and each wile to Jnare. And yet he cWa not king-like, circled ronnd By tntil-clud thouanda, or with trophies erownd. ; Not hl the pancply of conscious fame ; A tiaipla monk, scarce heard of, Luther came. Bat on his brow there stood collected might, And ardor, like a warrior's, for the fight; And in his spirit blazed such zeal as sheds A kindred inspiration where it treads; And loftiest courage kindled in his eye, And hope that yearn'd te conquer or to die. Slowly at first, bat dauntWsely, he rose, And huri'd defiance on-unrounding foes. Though dangers thicken'd wheresoe'er he went . Though all Hate's venom'd shafts on him were bent, , Forward lie rush'd, unshaken, undismay'd, By mighty constancy of soul up&tay'd, And a a" warrior, to his latest breath, Unchanging, fought the battles of the faith. Surely no energy of human power Could bear hitn scathless in the trying hour. A holier armor fenced him, as he trod His dangerous path the panoply of God. Yes! and no feebler spirit fired his tongue, When glanced its magics on the list'ning throng. Had ye but heard him, when, in loftiest mood Of righteous zeal, he quell'd the astonish' d brood . Of veual pardoners when he bade be free The fcitcr'd nations of the western sea Ye would not wonder that, in hush'd amaze. Surrounding myriads fix'd on him their gaze . That erery heart responded to the call i That strong conv iction flash'd unsought on all. r:i Tue tornnt, Iash'd to frenzy in its course -Thf thunder-peal, re-echoing deep aud hoarse Ti whirlwind, when it hurst upon tha strand, Or whslms the Arab in his desert-sand, ' Were but fit emblems of that eloquence. Which roused the passions, and courpell'd the sense. And yet, at times, in milder tones was heard That voice, whose power the inmost soul hadstir'd. And when be spoke of joys unfading, given . . To those who nobly in the field had striven Told of that Savior, by whose mortal woa Eternal life was brought for man below Or pointed sinners to the thorny road, Whose steep ascent should lead them ta their fiod, Then o'er bis spirit came a gentle change, And strange, in truth Oh! beautifully strange Appear'd the feeling of bis o'erfraught breast, That could not suffer one to be uublesu " OA, too, he told them of that sacred lore, That book of mystery, unknown before, Whose page, by priestly tyranny conceal'd, Ilia hand to every learner now reveal'd. Seek ye for guidance T thus his summons ran Seek y the light vouchsafed to erring man i . , Ask not the priest his is a meteor-ray, That gilds the darkness but to lead astray; Go not amid the abbey's cloistral cells Unbroken gloom within their precincts dwells, ' Coiue to this volume ; from its sacred page Beams hope for youth, and hnppiuess for age. Drink at this fountain; in its healing wave Alone, resides the energy to nave. Read, and believe ! amid life's tangled maze, Its light shall pour an unremitting blaze : In storm and sunshine, hnppiues3 and pain, Ye shall not ask this heaven-born guide in vain. "Search y c the scriptures." He had ceased, yet still They fait his accent on their bojoms thrill. "Seureh ye the scriptures." Thro' Bavaria's plains, In thunder-tones, reverberate the strains ; And caught on angel's pinions" ero they fejl, Four'd o'er the" mountains, to the land of Tell To Zurich' waters bounded on the blast, And woke the snow-clad summits as th"y past ; Till voices burst from every c'.iff and brake," And echo answer' d from each Alpine lake; Then dnnced across the waters; and the sea Crested her waves, all redolent of glee, Till Britain heard. At once, ihe island-queen . Uprose, her spirits flashing in her mien, n dash'd her chains in shivers to the ground, And calTd to freedom all the nations round, . Yes I from that hour, her flag has been unfurl'd, To waft truth's freedom o'er the futter'd world." AGRICULTURAL. Osa tlxm Practicability and Means of Im. Pairing oar Agriculture. An Address delivered before the Fulton youniy Agricultural Society, on the - occasion oj its organization at Johns- - town, Oct. IS, 1838. by J. Buel; pub-.- tithed at 'the request of the Society. Gentlemen or the Society. To those who can carry back their recollec tions thirty or forty years, the 'improve ments ,vhich in that "tithe have been made in the mechanic and manufacturing arts . will nppeir surprising;. Forty years ago Vve imported all our cotton, and most of our woollen goods, except of househol d man ufacture all of our hardware and cutle ry, a great portion of our nail?, saddlery, hats, &e. and I well remember, that a hat ter in Albany, to give currency to his hats, was obliged to deceive his customers, by ' -putting into them bills, representing them to be of British fabric.- Now most of .thesf, and many other articles indispensa ble to our comfort, are not only produced whhin ourselves, in quantities sufficient Cor domestic use, but millions in value of " them are annually exported to foreign countries. Not only are. they produced ia abundance, but they are produced at a far less price thin formerly. East India hum-hums, a coarse slazy kind of cotton goods, were once reputed cheap at twen- , ty-five cents a yard. We have now bet ter goods, made at our mills, at six and jren cents n yard ; and It is but little more than twenty years, since the inven tion of povver-looms reduced the prie of veiving from eleven and twelve to one And two cents a yard There is fC trcelv ft manufactured article in us which his not, in consequence of the improvement in mechanics and manufactures, been im proved in ' quality, and. diminished in price. f Whence these, great, and recent im provements in our sister arts ? 'They are not owing to the diminished price of labor; or that has increased, rather than dimin ished; nor.tO a reduction in the nriee of ; provisions for these, too, are higher than formerly. They ha ve been brought about by the diffusion of useful knowledge, and the consequent developeraent of the pow- ers of the mind. The manipulations in the arts have been greatly abridged by la- Lnr-sarinnr mnchinpri nnrl mmr iftln processes .have been simplified ana cheap- ened, and the results rendered certain, by ...wv. wj . .. vvi ui .ww, "iiivu w imiulv una uiucicu fnr tho irnvprnmint nf Itlil'or i n - rrr. ', vor luiia wijicu x.iwviucuwc u-ia uruereu n 5 wll n C nrrr i r i- Mint Ins han : O ,u , requisition as well as physical power. And thpse phanirp h.mv.in some mu'tcuri, - -' - V U0 l I been effected by a moresystetnatic arrange ment of business by a division of labor -and by a general and rapid dissemina tionby means of the fjress, of a knowl edge of the improvements which are eve ry day being made in these useful arts of labor. Let us now turn to agriculture, the pa rent of all the arts the source of our pur est and mdst substantial enjoyments the J basis of our national prosperity and inde pendence. This is as susceptible of im provement as the other arts of labor. What progress in its improvement have we made, during the last forty years? Have our labors been abridged by the general introduction of improved labor saving implements of husbandry ? Have our lands increased in fertility, and in the amount of their products ? "Has the dif fusion of useful knowledge, on the busi ness of husbandry, betn as extensive as it has in mmufheturing and mechanic arts 1 The valley. of the Mohawk was long a?o celebrated for its fertility and its wealth. Have en'erprise, intelligence and improve ment in rural affairs, kept pice with the spirit of the age ? I fear these questions cannot be answered affirmatively. I fear that it will be found, on an impartial in-i-estigation, that while all the other arts of hhor have,' with rapid strides, been pro gressing m ' improvement,- our farmers have too generally been taking a ttip Van Winkle nap; that with all the nat ural means of improvement, and all the common incentives to employ them, they have been listlessly treading", in the foot steps of their fjthers, unmindful of the sal utary changes whk-h are enlightening and enriching thost? engaged in o'her branches of tabor. I have said.thnt agriculture is suscepti ble of improvement, nd that our farmers have thr power arid incentives tn hrmo- -t about, if they wcu'd do as others do. maL- a jaint stock of thrir knowledge, and thus MJiYiauaiiy prom .by the expeiience, of all. Scct'and. in a little'mnrp tUn years has increased her agricultural pro ducts four fold, and j'et-'but a few of her firmprs are owners of the land they till. They are ten mts at a heavy rent,.which Prof. Low, one of her agricultural wri ters, averages at more than eiht dollars - an acre per annum, while the burdens, in the form of taxes, are assumed by him to - - I.V, be about 8 HO upon a farm of 500 acres MM .1 ,. . . j.ijo annually, in rent and taxes, ahnnt 4 rnn i nus me occupant, ot such a farm piy UOlIarS, Which Of COUrse IS a drsiw.h:irL . , upon nt3 nett nronts. and mosi nf the American larmpr with c;ni,;,u :. ., i Iigence and industry might annually add , U.U'Ull IlltCI to his- income. Yet the Scottish til nnpi prosp rs under all these disadvantages.. What I have remarked otle increased profits of Scotch agriculture, will apply with very tittle -abatement, to many dis tricts of our own country, and particular ly to the county of Dutchvss, in our state. Entire farms in that county have netted the cultivators an annual profit of fifteen and seventeen dollars an acre. , Forty years ago these .firms did not probably netta quarter of this sum; and it I am able correctly to identify one to which I mike reference, it was forty years agv. mostly old field, a term denoting worn out land, and was lying in commons ! . One of the best farmers of the age, a man of science and extensive practical knowledge in farming, has affirmed, (h it by doubling the expense, in tabor and ma nure, he has, upon the same land, been enabled to treble his profits, ar.d to qua druple hU products, t alludn to Von Thaer, who hs for twenty-four years been at the hea 1 of the great agricultural school in Prussia. If I might be permitted, without being charged with egotism, to cit my own ex perience in the business of improvement, I would point to my firm, on the Albany barrens, which many of my he.irers have seen, I presume, in its present and former state as a further evidence that we can improve our lands. Twenty years a?o. my soil was poor, very poor and my' iarm a put of the commons a waste. It ford 7-, P1 u?nvejL and f- fords as liberal a profit, as any of the lands m onaer lertne valley. It is worth, for firm culture, the interest of two hundred d'llfnrs per acre; orjd Ihis year the pro duct h is b.'en greater than I have named, although but ordinary labor was bestow ed ;n the culture. It may be said that I have expended capital in my improve ments. This is true. I laid out extra money and labor to put it into good con dition, and I am now realizing compound interest upon the-amount of xihe outlay. For having put it into good condition, I am en ibled to keep ie so, and to cultivate it, with as little expense as I could culti vate poor lands thai would not yield me a third of the profit I now realize. Capital is useful to its owner in proportion to the income which it brings him ; and if by yestins it in f..rm improvement, it is made to yield as much as it would yield in bmk stock, or loaned on bond and'mortjjae it would seem to be prudent, if 0t wist- 'So to vest it. ' " I believe it will not be denied, by any one conversant with the history 0f the times, that improvements in ozr afrr,Vu;. ture have been trivial, compared with those which have been mide jn the other arts of labor, or thns, whieh have b?en made in husbandry, in othet districts and in some other Counties. Oil the contrary, it is but too apparent, that, with individual and lo-, cal exceptions, our old lands have been de- terioratino-in fertilitv without anv mate. rial improvement in the mode of their cul- i .-. a 1.- f., tU in the valley of the Mohawk, comparing it now with what it Was forty yeais ago, i inn ici vc i.usuu:iaiKijic iu num. i r rum me examples l nuve cnea, anu I k- 1 L : I, " 1. . From the examples I have cited, and ! f 1. I .1 T.I- it will readily be admitted, that we are ca pable of .Greatly imnrovinsr our farm in or - J O -"O operations, and of thereby adding to our wealth, our comforts, and to the substan tial, prosperity of our country. If by means of new farming implements the improvement of our domestic animals and a better system of culture the labor which now belts us fifty dollars, can be made to nett us one hundred dollars which 1 consider within the range of prob abilities we may then double both our products and our profits ; and, under the guidance of correct principles, double, too, our usefulness to society. The progress of improvement in hus bandry, will be graduated, in a measure, by the degree of intelligence which directs its labors. 14 It appears to be strange and yet we see it to be true " says the Rev. C. Young, "that the more ignorant a man is, the more obstinately is he wed ded to hi own notions and ways the more ready to scoff at and oppose every thing that is new. Self-conceit and pre juJie, the greatest foes to improvement, are the legitimate offspring of ignorance. And in proportion to the degreeof ignor ance, in a community, will be the hosti'i ty to improvement, and the derision, and even persecution, at which all attempts at innovation and reform will le met. The spirit of improvement is thus cowed, and even smothered. And if occasionally, a bold srenius struggles into life, and exhib its his inventive powers, he hazards liis peace sometimes even his life. When Margrave, less than a century ago, at tempted to introduce the spinning-jerinv, which he had invented, inthe cotton man ufacture, he was obliged to. n- from Lan cashire in England, where he lived, at the risk of his life. The first saw-mill ever erected in England was destroyed by a mob, because they thought it would take bread from the families of the sawyers." Fortunately in our day and country, acts of violence towards innovators upon old modes of farming a re not to be apprehend ed. We can only complain of a listless indifference to improvement, and of a eon ceited ignorance, which rejects the useful, because it is new. If our neighbor discovers on his farm a valuable mineral, and works it to great profit we commend him for his oyw-,,1 fortune. If the like mineral nbnnnr? .-..nv. ii iur mt; ill itifl tl aOOUtlUSOtl our own farms, and we can work it to equal advantaje, what course, as prurient s not deem the man highly reprehensible urn, uu"in hc iv uu m m! nnnifi ,- ..... u.i.iii a Mifin uiyiiiy renrenerisio'e dlno- In hfs n-Un!th -lT 0 ,.vl....,, u, tiuwiiuii" i lie exam- r.. l... r .' - II. t are our farms but mines of wealth', if rio-ht- ly improved ? They are cerlain'v o to many cultivators ; and if we will fniU..' the-r example in working the mine, and in husbandingthe wealth which it yields our farms will be such to ns. If we lack the knowledge which precedes improve ment, let us seek for it, by observation, by study, and a mutual interchange of opin ions and infornaiion, wi'h'our brother far mers in associuions like trw-one I am ad dressing. We shall see and hear, at these meetings, much that is new, much that is instructing and useful, and much to stimulate us to new exertions in our busi ness. Again if a man . embarks in a specu lating business, and prospers in it, hoXv ready are his neighbors to become his ri vals and competitors? Good farming is a speculation with almost a certainty of grain vi;hout the probability of less." In agriculture, besides, competition excites no unkind feelings, as it is apt to do in other employment?, or should not, for the improvement -of every competitor m-y prove beneficial to all. What one makes does not lessee his neighbors' profits ; but on the contrary, has a tendency to belter the condition oFall around him. There is no monopoly in good firming. The propensity which has?too much prevailed of late years, to quit farmino for a more lucrative, a more genteel, or a"le laborious employment, has been a "real obstacle to agricultural improvement? and has tended much to loA-nr ih y of oar yeomanry in the public estima on. How many firmer have we o were doinp- allured by a weak amb-tfon, into some untried business, in which they had eve rything to learn how many such, I ?ay have vve seen bankrupted in fortune, and not infrequently in reputation. There is a vast difference in the chance of a man's improving m the business to which he has been brought up, and bis succeeding in a new one. of which he knows little or no thing. In the one case he has a cap tal in his experience: in the other he enters into competition, without bis capital, with those who are far his seniors in skill and in-practice. A farmer may improve in bis old business, at much less risk, and with less trouble, than he can learn a new one He mistakes equally his intens s and his happiness, therefore, who quiu his farm, or neglects t0 improve it, upon the untried experiment of doino- be'ter sew he re. Th e re is no em plo y m en t w h ic h r romues a greater portion of health and mjependenre, the main sources of our en jnment, than that of agriculture: while the marn it makes, to skill and industry is as bQuauful,tprobao, as it is usefuJ oursdveor families, or our country, l he rsttfcp to improvement, is to oC. quire better knowledge in our business; the second, to apply this knowledge to the management of our farms. He that is conscious he can improve,- and resolves that, he will improve, "will most surely succeed and the means of improving will readily present themselves to his mind. Agricultural journals will afford him a ready and cheap means of ins ruction. They chronicle and bring to him, period ically, at trifling expense, the improve-; ments that are continually being made in the business by which he lives, and .ex peels to acquire wealth for himself and his children. .They convey to him all the discoveries in the science, and improve ments in the art of agriculture,, which are made in Europe or America, and that are calculated to improve him in his business, and advance his condition in life. They explain to him the principles upon which the new system of husbandry is more pro ductive, more certain, and more profitable than the old system ; and they demonstrate the correctness of these principles by the successful results they give in practice. They explain to him'the operation of ma nures as essential to the growth and per fection of his crops, as hay, grain and pasture are to the growth and productive ness of-his cattle and enlighten him in the means of augmenting, and of apply ing them in the most economical manner. They bring to his knowledge every im provement and invention in the labor sav ing implements'of the farm. They instruct him in the principles and most approved modes of draining and of rendering sa lubrious and productive, those portions of his farm which have hitherto, perhaps been a prolific source of disease and death to his family, and neighborhood a high ly useful branch of modern improvement in husbandry, which we have yet to learn. They demonstrate to him, ih principle, and by numerous illustration! in practice, the utility of alternating crops, and in struct him in the economy and manage ment of root culture. Thny treat of The comparative value of different breeds of farm stock, and furnish the best examples of profitable management. They teach useful lessons in gardening and orchard ing, and designate the fruits, roots and garden productions most useful to the family,-and most profitable for market. They abound in instructions in household econ omy, and show, that under judicious man agement, the garden and the farm may be made to produce most of the necessaries, and many of the elegancies and luxuries of life. They are in facta sort of agricul tural museum, m which all that is new all that- is useful in farming may be found, and applied to the individual bene fit of the reader. They are, in effect, a sort of universal agricultural society, which collects intoafocu.,andfrom thence diffuses over the land, a knowledge of all that is useful in the improvement of the soil. But independent of tHese, and other advantages I might particularize, agricul tural journals are worth thrice their cost to the children of the family, in in Wing in them a taste for u-eful knowledge, and a desire to improve their minds, their manners and their morals. The good see l, sown in the spring time of life, will produce its fifty and its hundred fold, in the summer of manhood. Another and very important means of improvement is. agricultural societies or associations. Although these have b.-en of long standing in Europe, ar.d have con tributed largely to agricultural improve ment there, more new ones have been firmed in the United States, in the last five or ten years, than ever existed with us before. They aflbrd a strong indica tion that the important business of hns handry is commanding, as it ought, the particular attention of the American peo ple: and that the benefit rocn linn i - these associations have become palpable and important. Arripiihiirol ' tend to bring under the eye. or to the un derstanding, of each member, and in a great . degre to the poblic at large, the best househo.d and farm pro Iticts, and the best agricultural practice, of the country or district in which they are established, and thus enable each individual to appro priate to h.s own use, the experience and the improvements of his neighbors The example of evjry good farmer produces n beneficial lnfluenrM nnnn j i , . "j-vm, iiiujc arouna hi.m; who seem? his approved modes of ......irmem, ana tne advantages result- ng from them, will not fail ultimately l0 adopt them. Hence the more r0od"f.ir. mers there are. the greater will be the r.i Ho. of genera 1. improvemen', and conse quently of pub'ic benefit-for it i, lhe earn ings and products of agricultural labor that ma nly contributes t the prosperity of the other classes of society. anl xBnJm ment the aggregation of "the national wealth. When the harvest is short, eve ry department of business feel, the elec tric shock. When it is abundant, a new and happy impulse is given t0 every son of business. These rnnC;,L..,:..:y, - .1 . . . . . -.i-ruuuua snow, that Jt is the interestalike of to patrol i? and encourage every effort that i nnpVnhTf C the .Prod's of the soil. One of t he oldest societies in our country is that Berkshire. Massac h us, us I have occasion, ly attended their exhibi- wmrrseu ine county, and marked hs improvements in husbandry, Turin, he last twenty. y,ars ; nnd j n"nS ect convictmn in my mind, that the conn ty has been benefited twenty dollar, for every dollar expended in priniums, in pecuniary point of view. Bat it is Ji the rapid improvempnt of ,he soil .lone Hjh .ch has resume! from he establish me" t of her agr.cmtural societythe ;mZ ments of the.m,nd have kep paceTilh or rather preceded tho imll ' " frnt".?DffC'!'f-r,benefil' lively to result from the establishment of agricalturX- cieueslr. Andersonn a lale address, before the society, at Danvnie. Kv.. enu. nerstbebnytng: Tbeir will elevme Ihechracter of ,he rmino ann ntrrrenltnrn! riMCs nrMolM.. xucv iu kiuww iucii grucrat inieiti- grace, their aggregate' wealth, and give them, as they deserve to have, a control over the morals and politics of society. They wi .11 iiacreasethenational wealth, - They will be not only calculated to .V r a 4 i" - v c "i lv -tul the-standatd and. spirit of education; for as men increase in knowledge even of a pc.iu.u.ia.atc,,lir.allo iU a nigner standard m everything: else, are enkind- ieu., , " Thev fll fomi.hisun.hl aid , ,hc legislature of a s4ate. ' They will greatly increase livestock! in parity of blood and quality. "They will increase labor-saving modes of cultivation, as well as lab6r saving ma- enmes. ' :-.. . . . ... chines. provement of husbandry, which this soci ety is specially formed' to promote, per mit me earnestly to recommend an eaily attention to thp Mbiblish v Will lUUki School Libraries. The improvement of i i . i i . me niiiiu musi preceae tne improvement of the soil. Physical power belongs to the brute, as well as to man; but the ap plication of intellect to aid and control this power, is the peculiar prerogative of man ; and it requires no argument of mine to show, that intellect is efficient and potent, in husbandry, as it is in the other business concerns of life, in proportion as itis broi under good culture; that a well cultivaf ed mind, like a well cultivated soil, car. he rendered far more productive in use fulness, than one that has not received the advantages of culture. Common School Libraries will not only be useful in the particular business of "farmin?, but in all the relations in lifr in which we or our children may be called upon to perform a part. All tho gradations in society, Irom savage life, to the highest state of elviliza lion and refinement, have principally betn owing to the greater or less cultivation of the human intellect. Useful reading not only confers positive benefit, by the irr siruction and admonition which it imparts, but it often averts positive evil, by keep ing us from loose or bad company, and thereby preventing the formation'of idle or bad hnbirs. The youth who finds pleas ure in reading, and has the opportunity of storing his mind with useful knowledge, will seldom be driven lo the hauntsf vice and dissipation, to indulge his grosser appetites. And the min I too, lik,. the S3il. will grow weed -an I briars, thirties and thorns if not made, by goo.l culture, to produce that which is comely and use ful. The liberal appropriation by the legislature, for the establishment of Com mon acnoo li braries, f won led I 7" -ill b,. by .he ;bl?h form . n,- ,nd ...pfciout rni m ou; hi,- lory, and contribute essenliallv m rn.L.r . "hot ,veonSh. .o b,-a more int.Tli. sent and vinuoiwiht u remain.a , and MlnO, '"l m,.-. ,. . ,. ' 1 r The judicious cultivation of the soil is now deemed so esent.al to national pros- peniv.uiat it has become the settled poli- .... ... v..,,amniw it.iirinmfn.j, to take a direct and efficient interest in the improvement of its arrnculturp S,-h Ante -f j r. 7 -v..vw,e of sr.entifif and praclica narricokiire. in youth .augbt ,he be.n m0J of u L 1 - ie principles upon which that practice is based, are con- i.nu.lly muit.plymg under governmental patronage on theolJ continent K,un,i societies have been established for rj. 1'a1 'W, im- and for diflusinir 1,. " f, 1 vioe of tb05e !,, k.J n.o,i; the cm,n . i " ricuSture upon her sl school education and n J u ' . ,CaUon .anU ,n ev,n what we . "'iiv viiii-'jitU IC- ffions oi Pruss.a, and among the oppress ed of Ireland, we see evidence of wisdom and the dawn of a brighter day, in the esl tibl.shment of agricultural schools. Our sister state, Massachusetts, has been fore nost among us to adopt a liberal and en lightened policy toward this her primary branch of industry. She has disbursed large sums from her slate treasury, annu ally, to sustain and encourage county a, ncultural societies ; and when the la?y inaktng these appropriations, was about to expire, by its own limitation, so well sai led was her legislature, of its uuIj,Vf lhal the law ivno P.. j ...vi J 1 iinve nu nerto considered the bnirb.r1 i a o-inno r t...: Y ne D.n,ga ie- y. I hat state his also provided for an agrieuhurahmrvey of her territory, which has been two years in nrn-rr;' ,;.L v. u.u.g n? Detoro her who eani cultura nonn ntmn oil r... . . , , ua, ,wai ,3 iqiiqq excel, -nt ,n the business of her farminpj. l ,t iuiii win prcht she wHI PtM"or Jvhen sne win gin to imitate them, will de pend very ,n,Ich upon her farming nonu. Iat.cn. What thef demand will & J?JMJ? hr & the j agricultural improvement from our public councils, wbil- the far mers ihemaelres generally manifest a rep rehens.ble indifference in the rna'ter In the brief remarks I have made I have endeavored to show the practicabilu ih I y ' s ur aJ?ncu:tu. and of v raising tne character of our arri. cultural population : and have uggetel fmnr'ovfthe mean3 ?hkb STred mprovement may be broujrht about. I have already trespassed toofu upon your ,enJ. I ar. to go into any r!f the de 'nils of improved husbandry. Let ft 5uf. nee to say, that they embrace a belter economy, and more" general application or manures a system of thorough drain ing the introduction of improved labor (saving machines and impWuTT nmromt f r.- . lf tfct-i. of impure S,eds-the eL" cUitu,he uCr.nUon c,"cZ I i- ., . 'rS .k. mon roais the introduetinn r ,c4. to all the departments of farm .7ft hold labor 'ibo ...!.:..... ra a.nJ W land as can be cultivated wft, keeping 0f at much farm Zocfc? profitably fed and fatu,J fu"E- ah these improvement V1 been made, and tire makinrlu t 4 They can be made hpr-. f,Ib- maat nere bv the icle lin ,u x prise, and the laudable commi MfT 1th rViW :tf I ' . .ion. ifiu1ar,e Iciou" ' 'T fc ed in. ' JU-IWOU5') pwasvc: nit the ,fn m hWJ J rt-cogmze, gemlerr.ea. mn iT f aasoc.iJati". i 1 T?" 4 , jHuicmrou xceotr I IS a WOrthvAno L.i...'i.: .J is a wonhv one. u .t : . & the means of, human sustenance oni measure of human er-joyment; aud if encoutagmg and honoring induS"y 7 to advance the moral character and stantutl prosperity of the Country I you prosper in these public efforts, end that Fulton co.nty. m' come as distinguished in the aunalscC ncultural improvement, as the inJinf.5 whose name it. bears, is already w ivign:;on. MISCELLANEOUS. tron the Geocee Farmer. XJghtnimz Hod. We have recently had frequent ocrv sion to observe the reccmmendrioa i glass insulators for lightning rods, asb ingb?o!uiely necessary for their succ- ful operation. We have b,en sorry taci serve it, fearing that from tje ditBcuhrc nrocurmtr such insnl.j tflTJ t. . O r .. Ill deterred altogether from tTeciiii rod a giass nas no practical advanUgi 0;tr wood. If the rod is kept one foot from ih building by means cf Atv n;. ; , J rj"'rj nu.4 supports, no danger need ever be feari I r . a II -..wouMUdieasurarjiy oeer a conducts than wood that thr i l: :. the course of the electric . fluids b:ia: cnangen irom the rod by the laaer. ifci er requisi'cs are attended to. Cut i o.imvingaie aosoiutely essentulto crttr lightning rod: 1. That it be sharply pointed at the per -.xtremi:y. 2. That it" be continuous ihro.oji 3. Thit it terminate in some 7taiwu conlurttng body. r 4. That it bo of sufE-ient height. It is necessary that ih? point be 1 u: ii i . ,ir""? a t j P iii uiui-r to u scnarge silentlv i k. kl .. t j . i . i "... - V 7. " . " r CJP fi J Tn'oTe oFeS; CC ? 5k'V "01 .''ny hii obi-r.i. itlSj.. '"S P uuMKcrrupieuiy to me earth : bet.ee nbn the rod must consist of more tVnc. piece, link joints, which nani., " the- community, should be avo:deJ V I racn enj ci the rod screwed inti r . mon nut, which by the elos- ccn I firf'f .IM C. . " 1 . 1 .iiuvio, tiii lunula unn,prr'ini.i rt sntv. I. 1 """ "'-'P-' ' ,e peiZM: nuia may hna vand freelv Pcm.iii:. body of the earth o"herwiI br af it." without nff ?r Jin" - ,K. -a :"" ''" Iui,,?rw wuld a! 7? danger. Hence i of ' ' rh but . foot ori ""-'e .e stoma m:,y erer b- n,o: TllV . VLl"? ..u,8,,P.V!?n. thr fluid. 1) "r,gQi aoove the bui'ding is in o-,Mf'' altoiether inm.. i. : ,i - -n ,k ,IJ "l,M a rod will protect romnWIr i nrrJ pace whose diameter is fou'ribfis hnght of the rod above it H-aff Jr: placed at one ecd of a building ilir.r: long, to aflbrd perfect protection, si"--be fifteen ff hirU :. . :r,-: ,ui seven leet. j.jt .A ledn jar. eWeed In ttie hetr de-rep. m,y he d chjrKed bv i m-t eia in the n ikcJ hand, without rcrceitur srhtest .hoct nut t,,e hand i4 , s better conductor Hun ,l,y WOad. Tbs a' Ue lightumroj m ana'ooj.. The Mormons. We perceir?. r' tne proceedings rif inn uiui a memorialj asking prri -aid for the Mormon women anlrfci- of Caldwell county, was bid brf--body on the 31 inst. -If appears'" serves the Louisville Journal. -ibS' houses of many of the Morn ons ia':i county have been burned don; about C3 Mormon men. all of tbf: ned. have been arrested and impriss 40 killed, and 100 compelled tfas cape the vengeance o' the citizens; " that 200 women, most of wham ?. J smnll children, are thus left decHi no food to keep them from s!arv.-t; no shelter to protect ihem from the .. storms. We trust that the StatV her legislature, will do promp 'j "j she can lr repair the f.yil and ctael perpetrated by her citizens.' Prom the Quebec Gazette of D-19 t -,m.. uis morning, atjui f the thermometer -. in M r '. and 23 degrees below zero, procaciy never happened befor 4 mas. A strong N. W.swinl hx r-;,? "tr wiow, wnica has now laiw , inches on a level. A young ,n,r ' U$ rette named Ilimel, perished on Saturday etehing".