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X4 .VE It MONT T E L E G It A PH. VOL. XII. NO. 4. fil sources of information. Now, how comes ii that lht testimony .of Tacitu, a distant and la.er hisorian, should yield such delight and. satisfaction to the lequir cr, while all tf;e antecedent testimony (which, by every principle of "PP criibism. if mucn stronger than the oth er) should produce no impression that I3 comparatively languid and ineffectual ? ll is owing, in a great measure, to the principle to which we have already allud iri There is a sacreJness annexed to the sabject, so long as it is under the pea of fathers ana evangelists, unu uus very creJness takes away from the freedom and confidence of the argument. The mo xnent that it is taken up by a profane au thor, the spell which held the understand- ing in some degree of restraint is dissipat ed. VVe. now tread on the 'more familiar ground of ordinary history ; and the evi dence for the truth of the 'Gospel .appears - more assimilated to that evidence, which "brings home to our conviction the partic-' ularsof the Greek and Roman storv.' To sty that Tacitus was upon this sub ject a disinterested his:orian, is not enough to explain the preference which' you give to hij testimony. There is no subject in which the triumph of the Christian argu ment is more conspicuous, than the moral qualifications which give credit to the tes timony of its witnesses. '''We have every possible evidence, that there could be nei ther mistake nor falsehood in their testi- tnony ; a much greater quantity of evi dence, indeed, than can actually be pro duced to establish the credibility of any other historian. 'Now all we ask is that where an exception to the veracity of any hisiorian is removed, yoi restore him to that degree of credit and influence which vae ought to have possessedhad no such exception been made. In no case has an exception to the credibility of an author been more triumphantly removed, than in the case of the early Christian writers; nt.d yet, as aproof that there really exists some such delusion as we have been la boring to demonstrate, though our eyes are perfectly" open to the integrity of the Christian witnesses, there is still a dispo tition to give the preference to the secular historian. When Tacitus is placed by the side of the Evangelist Luke, even at- ter tho decisive argument, which estab lishes the credit of the latter historian has convinced the understanding, there re miins a tendency in the mind to annex a confidence to the account of the Roman writer, which is altogether disproportion ed to the relative merits of his testimony. L,et us suppose, for the sake of farther illustration, that Tacitus had included tome more particulars' in his testimony, and that, in addition to the execution of our Savior, he had asserted, in round and un qualified terms, that this said Cbristus had risen from the dead, and was seen alive some hundreds of his acquaintances. Lven this would not have silenced alto gether the cavils of enemies, but it would have 1 reclaimed many an infidel ; been exulted io by many a sincere Christian; . and made to occupy a foremost place in many a book upon "the evidences of our Telig'ion. Are we to forget all the .vhile, that we are in actual possession of much ftronger testimony f that we have the con currence of eight or ten contemporary authors, most of whom had actually seen Christ after tho great event of his resur rection ? that the veracity of these authors, end the genuineness of their respective publications, are established on grounds much stronger than have ever btn nl. legnJ in behalf of Tacitus, or any ancient author? Whence this unaccountahl . preference of Tacitus? Upon every re. ceived principle of criticism, we are bound to annex greater confidence to the testimo ny. of the apostles? It is vain to recur to the Imputation of its being an interested testimony. This the apologists for.Chric tianity undertake to disprove, and actual ly have disproved it, and that b a much greater quantity of evidence than would to held perfectly decisive in a question of common history. If after this there should remain any lurking sentiment of difiiietice jr suspicion, it is.entirely resolvable into tame such principles as I have already alluded to. It is to be treated as a mere feeling, a delusion which should not be admitted to have any influence on the conticiions of the understanding.. The principle which we have been at tempting to expose, is found, in fact, to Tun through every part of the argument, and to accompany, the inquirer through all the branches of th 'investigation. The authenticity of the different books of the New Testament forms a very important inq iiry, wherein the object of the Chris tiati Apologist is to prove, that they were realty written by their professed authors. In proof of this, there is an uninterruDted eries Ot testimony from the days of the apostles; and it was not to be expected, that a point so isoteric to the Christian so ciety could hare nttracted the attention of prgiino umiiuis, iiu me reunion of JesUS by its progress in the world, had render ed itself consp'cuous.t It is not then till about eighty years after the publication of the different pieces, that we meet with th tfstimouy of Celsus, an avowed ene my to Christianitv, nnd who asserts, up on the strength of its general notoriety, that the historical parts of the New Tes . L. .-II .1 ' . . . tament were written by the disciples of our M?ior. i his is very decisive evi dence. But how does it hapo-n, that it should throw n clearer erleamof Itsht and satisfaction over the. mind oft he inquirer, thin he had yet experienced in the whole tram of his investigation? Whence that deposition, to .underrate the antecedent tcv.i'uonv of the Christian writers ? Talk not of theirs being an interested testimo ny; for, in point of fact, the same disposi. lion op-rates, after reason is convinced tint tho suipieion.is totally unfounded . What we contend for i?, that this indif ference to the testimony of the Christian writers iaplies a driiction of princi ple?, which apply with the utmost confi dence to all similarinquiries. - The effects of this same principle are perfectly discernible in the writings of ev en our most judicious apologists. We of fer no reflection against the "assiduous Lardner, who, in hi? credibility of the Gospel history, presents us withi collec tion of testimonies which, should make every Christian proud of his religion. -In bis evidence for the autnenticity of the different pieces which make up the New- Testa raent, he begins with the oldest of the fathers, some of whom were the inti mate companions of the original Writers. According to our. view of the matter, he should have 'dated the commencement of his argument from a higher point, and be gun with the testimonies of these original writers to one another. In the second Epistle of Pviteri there is a distinct refer ence made to the writings of Paul and in me Acts oi tne Apostles, mere is a ref erence made to one of the four Gospels. Had Peter, instead of being an apostle, ranked only with the fathers of the church, and hadliis epistle not been admitted into the canon of scripture, this testimony of his would have had a place in the cata logue,, end been counted peculiarly valu able, 'both; for its precision and its antiqui ty. There is certainly nothing in the es timation he enjoyed, or in the circum stances of his epistle being bound up with the other books of the New Testament, which ought to impair the credit of his testimony. But in effect, his testimony does make a weaker impression on the mind, than a similar testimony from Bar nabas, or Clement, or Polycarp. It cer tainly ought not to do it, and there is a delusion in the preference that is thus giv en to the latter writers. It is in fact, an other example of the principle which we have been so often insisting upon. What profane authors are in reference to Chris tian authors at large, the fathers of the church are in reference to the original writers of "the New Testament. 'inron- tradictionb every approved principle, we prefer the distant and later testimony, to the testimony of writers who carrv as much evidence and legitimate authority along with them, and who only differ from others in being nearer the original source, of information. We neglect and undervalue the evidence which the New Testament itself furnishes, and rest the whole of the argument uoon the external and superinduced testimony of subsequent autnors. A groat deal of this is owing to the manner in which the defence of Chris iianity has been conducted by its friends and supporters. They have given too much into the suspicions of the opposite party They have yielded their minds to me iniecuon ottneir scepticism, and main tained, through the Whole process, a cau lion and a delicacy which they often car ry to a degree that is excessive: and bv which, in fact, they have done injustice to their own arguments..' Some of them be gin with the testimony of Tacitus as a first principle, and pursue the investiga tion upwards, as if the evidence that we collect from the annals of the Roman his torian were stronger than that of the Christian writers who flourished nearer the scene of the investigation, and whose credibility can be established on around which are altogether independent of his testimony. In this way, they come at last to the credibility of the New Testament writers, but by a ' lengthened and circuit ous procedure. The reader feels as if the argument were diluted at every steD the process of derivation, and his faith in the Gospel history is much weaker than his faith in histories that are far less au thenticated. Bring Tacitus and the New lestament to an immediate comparison and subject them both to the touchstone ol ordinary and received principles, and it will be found that the latter leaves the former out of sight in all the marks, and characters, and evidences of an authentic history. The truth ot the Gospel stands on a much firmer and more independent footing, than many of its defenders would dare to give us any conception of. v They want that boldness of argument which the merits of the question entitle them to as sume. .They ought to maintain a more decided front to their adversaries, and tell them, that, in the New Testament itself in the concurrence of its numerous, and distant, and "independent authorsin the uncontradicted authority which it has maintained from the earliest times of the church in the total inability of the bit terest adversaries of our religion to im peach Us credibility in the genuine characters of honesty and fairness which it carries I en - the vcry face of it ; .hat in these, and in every thing else, which can give validity to the written history of nast times, therfe Is a weight and a splendor of evidence, which the testimony of Tacitus cannot confirm, and which the absence of that testimony could not have diminished. If it were necessary in a court of jus tice to ascertain tKe circumstances of a certain transaction which happened in a particular neighborhood, the obvious ex pedient would be to examine the agents and eye-witnesses of that transaction. If six or eight concurred in givitVg the same testimony if there was no appearance of collusion among them if they had the manner and aspect ofvcreditable men above nil. if this testimony were made public, and not a single individual, from the numerous spectator of the transac tion alluded to, step forward to falsify it, then, we apprehend, the proof would be lookel upon as complete. 5 Other wit nfsei might be summoned from a dis tance to give in their testimony, not of wh it they saw, but of what they heard upon the subject; but their concurrence, though a happy enough circumstance, would never be looked upon as any male rial addition "to th evidence already bro't forward.; Another court of justice might bo held ia a distant country; and years af ter the death of the original witnesses. It might have occasion to verify the same transaction, and for this purpose might call in the only evidence WhTch '"it was ca pable of collecting the testimony of men Who lived after the transaction in ques tion, and at a great distance from the place wnere it happened. .. There would be no hesitation, in ordinary cases, about the relative value oftnetwo testimonies ; and the record of the first court could be ap pealed to by posterity as by far the more valuable document, and far more decisive pfthe point in controversy. Now, what we complain of, is, tnat in the instance be tore us this principle is reversed. The report of the hearsay witnesses is held in higher estimation than the report of the original agents and spectators. The most implicit credit is given to theTtestimohy of me aistant ana later nistorians, and the testimony of the original witnesses is re ceived with as much distrust as if thev carried the; marks of villany and iinpos- ture upon iner ioreneaas. ; The genu ineness of the first record can be establish ed by a much greater weight and variety of evidence, than the genuineness of the second. Yet all the suspicion that we feel upon this subject annexes to the for mer; and the apostles and evangelists, with every evidence in their favor which it is in the power of testimony to furnish, are, in fact, degraded from the place which they ought to occupy among the accred- ueu nisionans oi past times. The above observations may heln to prepare the inquirer for forming a just and impartial estimate of the merits of the Christian testimony. '...".His reat obWt should be to guard against every bias of the understanding. The general" idea is. that a predilection in favor of Christiani ty may lead him to overrate the argument. We believe that if every unfair tendency of the mind could be subjected to a rigor ous computation, it wouid be found, that the combined operation of them all has the eriect of impressing a bias in a con trary direction. All we wish for, is, that the arguments which are held decisive in other historical questions, should not be looked upon as nugatory when applied to the investigation of those fart -hih r connected with the truth and establish ment of the Christian religion, that every prepossession should be swept away, and room left for the understanding, to expa tiate without fear, and without incum brance. " VERMONT TELEGRAPH. BRANDON, WEDNESDAY, OCT. 16, 1839. BAPTIST STATE CONVENTION. Brandos, Wednesday morning, Octo ber 9, 1839. Convention met in the Bap tist Meetinghouse, at 10 o'clock A. M. Music from the Choir. Reading of the 84th Psalm, and Sermon, by brother W Johnson, of Whiting. Text, Isaiah iv. 5: AnI the Lord will create upon every dweHin,r- i'""- iiun, uuu upon ner assemoiies, a cloud and smoke by dav, and the shining of a flam in? fire by night : for upon all the glory thalt be a defence. A contribution was taken, to the funds of the Convention, amounting to 817 45. Chose John Ide, Moderator, and O. S. Mcrkat, Clerk. Appointed brethren E. Hutchinson and C. A. Thomas a Committee to obtain a roll of the Convention. Appointed brethren John Conant, Daniel Packer, and Truman Galusha, a Committee to appraise Goods. The Committee of Arrangements madfc report, which was accepted and adopted. Voted to invite brethren from abroad to seats in this Convention. The followinsr entered their names: Martial Britain, St. Armand, L. C. Gibbon Williams, N. H.Bap. Convention. Reuben True,- " f J. P. Sutton, Agent Bap. Gen. Tract So ciety, Stillwater, N. Y. Samuel Fish, Halifax, Vt. E. Thresher, Boston, Cor. Sec. Education Board. - Adjourned to half past one o'clock, P. M. Prayer by M. Field. : : Half past 1, P. M. Met pursuant to adjournment. Prayer by brother V. R. Hotchkiss. Music from the choir. . ' ' . The Committee on roll of the Conven tion reported the following, as found to be delegates elect. ; Accepted. From Onion - River Association, J. M. Beeraari, A. Angier, T. Galusha. Fairfield. Association,' Peter; Chase, S. Fletcher . Vermont Association, V. R. Hotch kiss, E. Hurlbut, A. Haynes, I. Jones. Addison Co. Association, John Ide, W. G. Johnson, J. K. Wright, J. C. Eldridge, O. S. Murray. Dauville Association, J. Baldwin; Barre Association, F. Blood,. J. S. Her rick, A. W. Hovey, J. Huntington. Woodstock Association, D. Packer M. Frary, M. Field, E. Iutchinson. . Shaftsbury AssociatiDn, J. W. Sawyer H. Ellis. ; ' Windham Co. Association, L. Huntley. Windsor church, J.- P. Skinner, P. C. Skinner. - :- - ; Brandon church, J. Powers, I. F. Merriarn. Wey bridge and New-IIaveu church, S.D. Brainard. , " : , v Londonderry church, S. Pierce. V i Orwell church, D. E. Rust. . - ; Westford church, N. Collins. v . Shaftsbury church; J. W. Sawyer. Cavendish chcrcb, R. Fletcher. . "Andover church,R. Myers. Brid port church, L. .Kimball. Waitsfield church, F. Blood. Charlotte church, A. Clark; - - - ; Rutland church, J. Pooler. , : Poultney church, J. Clark. Grafton church, D. M. Crane. . Whiting church, S. Brown. Plymouth church, A. Edson. Hubbardton church, S. S. Churchill. Female Missionary Society, Rutland, J. G.Griggs. '(-. s - Members by the payment of $5,00, S. Griggs, J. A. Conant, A. Churchill. ' " The Committee to nominate Officers for the ensuing year, reported the following list. The report was accepted and adopted, , u. tr acker, rresiami. J. Ide, A. Sabin Vice Presidents. C. A. THoaiAs, ' Cor. Secretarv. 1 W. G. Johnson, Rec. Secretary. W. Kimball, Treasurer. Trdstees. . D. Farnsworth, J. Free man, & Fletcher, A. Angier, S. Griggs, J. P. Skinner, J. Conant, D. Hascall, B. Burrows, S. Pierce, J. M. Graves, J. W. Sawyer. . . The Committee on Resolutions reported the following, which, after much discussion and many remarks, was adopted : Resolved, That we feel undiminished confidence in the various benevolent opera tions of the day such as Foreign and Do- mesne missions, llible, Tract, and Educa tion bocieties the Cause of ihP RbvP Moral Purity. TemnerancePeae. &r-1 nnd that we feel ourselves called on to renew our efforts in their support. Music from the choir. Brethren A. Haynes, S. Grig?s, and A. Clark, were appointed a Committee to in quire into the propriety of purchasing the Tracts remaining in the Depository at Bran don. Adjourned, to meet to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock. f The adjournment was had at 4 o'clock, according to previous arrangement, for the purpose of giving place to the anniversary of the Vermont Bible Society, auxiliary to the American and Foreign Bible Society. Business called me away so that I had not the privilege of attending. From the Treas urer's Report, the only document yet put into my hands, it appears that $423,89 have been collected during the past year. ' Thursday morning, 9 o'clock. Met according to adjournment. Prayer by brother Gibbon Williams. The following Delegates were appointed to other Conventions: Nexo-IJampshire, J. W. Sawyer, A. An gler, E. Hutchinson, J. Baldwin, D. Packer, S. Pierce, M. Field, E. Hurlbut, A. Kings bury, J. Huntington, J. S. Herrick. New-York, J. W. Sawyer, D. Hascall, V. R. Hotchkiss, C. A. Thomas. Massachusetts, E. Hutchinson, M. Field, R. M. Ely, C. A. Thomas, W. G. Johnson. Connecticut, A. Kingsbury, S. Fish. A Committee of the Board of the Con vention offered to the body the following resolutions, which were adopted : 1. Resolved, That the churches be earn estly requested to take measures to obtain the voluniarycontributions of all the mem bers of their respective bodies, and ihe be nevolent individuals of their coomegaiions, to promote the objects of the various benev olent societies; and that these contributions be made annually, and at stated times for each society. 2. Resolved, That we recommend that donations lor the Foreign Mission be made, on or near the first Sabbaih in January of each year for the Arneriran and Foreign Bible Society, on or near ihe first SabbaTh in March for the Education Socie'ty, on or near the first Sabbath in Mav for the Domestic Mission, on or near the' first Sab bath in Sep'ember. 3. Resolved, That we recommend the use of a book, usually denominated the Book of Benevolence, which shall contain each member's name, and ihe sums con tributed to each object; and that when the Book is used for subscriptions, ihe time for payment be stipulated at the head 'of each column, and that measures be taken to ob tain payment at the time stipulated. Heard the Report of the Board. Report accepted and ordered to be printed with the Minutes of the Convention. The -Report has not yetcome into my hands. It was one of about usual interest. Six missionaries bad been employed in Canada during the year; and their labors had been attended with very satisfactory success There had been about 200 bap tisms in connection with brother Jonathan Baldwin's itineracy in (he Danville Asso ciation, on both sides of the line. Brother Simon Fletcher had been employed about six months as travellirg agent for the Con vention; aud had collected between S500 and $600.J T.ie Treasurer reported. Added C. a. Thomas tu the Auditing Commiuee. The Committee lo fix on a place for fold ing the next session, reported, and it was voted to hold the next session of tile Con vention at Bristol. Brother J. W. Sawyer was appointed to preach the introductory sermon j brother M. Field to be his substi tute. '' . ; : - h Adjourned to meet at half past 1 o'clock, The adjournment took place at 10 o' clock, to allow the Vermont Branch of the Northern Baptist Education Society to hold its anniversary. Brother V. R. Hotchkiss, of Poultneyj delivered a sermon on the oc casion which- was a masterly performance. (Will he not allow it to appear in the Tel egraph? I am not alone in this request, brother Hotchkiss.). The Treasurer's Re port showy $134,68 for the year.' A collec tion," in subscriptions and donations, was taken at the close of brother Hotchkiss ser mon, which amounted to 279. The offi cers for the ensuing year are, J. D. Farns worth, President; J. M. Graves, Vice Pres ident; J. P. Skinner,' Treasurer; E. Hutch inson, Secretary; &r A. Sabin, J. Freeman, D. Packer, A. Haynes, J Conant, S. Griggs, S.Fletcher, R. M. Ely, A. Angier, C. A. Thomas, M. Frary, M. Field, J. W. Saw yer and V. R. Hotchkiss, Directors. Brother A. Haynes is to preach the next annual sermon brother J. "Huntington to be 1m substitute T .Afternoon. Half past 1. Assembled 'pursuant to adjournment. Prayer by brother L. Kimball. The Committee on Tract3 reported. Re port 'accepted. The report stated that the Agent for the Baptist GeLeral Tract Society offered the tracts in the depository at Drandon at half price, provided brethren pre-ent would come forward now and take up the whole. The proposition was promptly acceded to. Breih ren came forward and subscribed for the whole; and these winged messengers are now carrying light and knowledge to those I who are in darkness and ignorance. Brethren C. A. Thomas, A. Angier and A. Kingsbury, were appointed a Committee of Arrangements for the next session. The Convention now went into a Con ference on the State of Religion, in the different parts of the State. Brother J. Bald win reported in regarJ to the Danville As sociation; brother J. M. Beeman, Fairfield Association; brother A. Angier, Onion Riv er Association; brother J. Huntington, Barre Association; brother W. G. Johnson, Addi son County Association; brother A. Haynes, Vermont Association; brother J. W. Saw yer, Shaftsbury Association; brother S. Fish, Windham County Association; broth er E. Hutchinson, Woodstock Association. Resolved, That the hearty thanks of this Convention be presented to the people of this place for entertaining us so hospitably during the present session; and that the same thanks be extended to the choir of singers. Music from the choir. Union Hymn by the congregation. Prayer by the Moderator. Voted to print 1000 copies of the Minutes of this session; and that brethren C. A. Thomas and W. G. Johnson, be a Commit tee to superintend their printing and distri bution. Adjourned, to meet at Bristol the 2d Wednesday in October, 1840. Jon.' Ide, Moderator. O. S. Murray, Cletk. The session was harmonious and pleas ant. The Conference on the State of Re ligion was a new and interesting appendage. The retrospect is cheering. The prospect is encouraging. The Baptist Anti-Slavery Convention was well attended much interesting dis cussion was had, and several sound resolu tions were passed. The appearance of ihe proceedings is postponed a week, to give place lo the Governor's Message, and some other thing which are more the creatures of a day than anti-slavery sentiments. These eplieraeral things which the readers of the Telegraph expect lo have in their place are comparatively little worth, out of date. Ann-slavery sentiments will suffer no loss by one week's delay. For the Vermont Telegraph. ELLIOT CIlliSSO.. Brother Murray: This gentleman lectured here on Friday evening, the 4th instant, on Colonization. I was not pres ent, and therefore, am not able to iufbrm you as to the number of people who at tended. But from the shortness of the police, and more because of unbelief the number was probably very small. Nor have I learned whether a contribution was taken up in aid of 'the first in the bright gilaxy of benevolent institutions that adorn and bless our country.' The day succeeding the lecture, being the monthly meeting of the Bapiist church in this place, a request was sent in to know if the Bjptist church would grant the privilege of their house, on the Sab bath fallowing, at the close of the exer cises, for a lecture from Mr. Con the "missionary aspect of colonization in Af rica, or to this import. The subject, as you will perceive, was artfully chosen lor the time -ind place, and was intended no oukl as a kait for Baptists, who are the friends of missions. The request, how ever, was promptly rejected, on the ground that the Baptist church and society were. to a man, abolitioubt3; that they hated slaveiy, and did not believe in coloniza tion, and therefore did not wish to hear the latter eulogized, or themselves vili fied, as it had been understood, that in the lecture on the evening previous they had been denounced as fools and traitors, etc., by Mr. C. ' - JU is not many years since the Editors of the Vermont Chronicle called on abo litionists for a report of their funds. As that call has been Tepeatedly, and tt believed to their hearts' content, reapottf. ed to, I now call. on them, or any ' friendly to the cause," w soon as Mr. C. has finished his tour through Yeravn, j to inform the public how much money .. nas collected during his mission hi tfo Mountain State; for I entertain feart iha, when he leaves the State, unless bister, vices have been rendered gratis, fre for nothing," he will leave the Sxictt which employed him, in debt. Rutland, Oct. 7, 1839. As a geueral thing, I should nther Abolition ists would open their housct to Colonization;,. reserving to themselves the privilege of parti;j. pating in the discussion, $o far as they $boUj choose and ihe cause of truth sliould leqaln. ty was characteristic impudence and audacity, bow. ever, in EUio: Cresson,' after denounce ifc, Baptists as fools, traitors, c. to torn immediate ly on his heel ani ak perraisiioo to occupy house. - : - ' Terrible Conflagration's Ha8 recently occurred in Philadelphia acj New-York especially the latter. 1 bavi only room this week for the following paragraphs from the New-York Stoij. tor: SIOST DESRUCTIVE FlItES. Bqt a few d-iys have passed siuce i was our duly to record a disas!rous ra in this city, when we closed our para, graph with the following sentence. We have seen nothing in the way of confl;. grations equalling this subiiue specia cle, since the memorable fiie of Decem ber, 1S35, and long may it be ete we arc callrd to behold another. But i: rnavna be long, as next to Constantinople, C3 York will bear away the palm lortba frt-qjiency. and extent, anJ destructivenfit ol tires." . It ha3 indefd not b.vn long be fore we have again been called on to placs before our reaJrs details of other fi.ei that have occurred in this devoted ci:y, attended with the loss of property muca greater man mat oi the ii3J of List mon o. Since our last publication there hare Leo six or seven fires. We cannot, at this early period, form anr thing like a correct estimate of tb value of the property destroyed. We cV serre that some of the morning papen' put down the loss by the great 'fire ii Water street at about one million of doU tars. It is much the greatest fire thathai occurred here since the conflijaation of December, 135. The entire tqian bounded by Water, Fulton nnl Ytaut streets, and Burling slip, is a heap olta ins, except five or six stores on FuUca street only one cn that street be.'cj whol j destroye l and one on Fioni stretl next to the corner of Fulton. Some ot these remaining buildings are much dam. aged. The entire square was detotedlo extensive commercial pursuits. The Governor of Massachusetts has if sued his proclamation for thanksgifing-u be observed on the twenty-eighth day cf November. Children at School. Accorr to an estimate of the Secretary of the American Common School Society, th-re are in the United States 3.500.000 chil dren between the ages of 4 and 10 years, and that of this number GOO.000 do rat enjoy the advantages of a common sctco! duration. There are 80,000 common srhoo's ani 95,000 teachers. Miurt Free Press. In the foreo:ng computation it iipmb-We flit one-sixth p.rt of the children in th United fun it left entirety out of the account tBn.cdtff J mere animals. Vermont Legislature. Before any legi-dalire proceeding wire in hand, the columns of ihe Tlera4rl were too full to admit cf any cxtendd journal this week. Carlos Coolidg is Speaker in the Ilccie, and Ferrand F. Merrill Clerk. . Governors Message. Felloio Citizens of the Senile atii oflhe House of Representative: In obvdien:e to tha Constiiutioj cf oar State we are again assembled to triage; the public business. Bv diligent atienoa lo our various du ies.'by enictinJach laws as the wants of our constitutor re quire,' by 'election to office such men:, are capable, faithful and honest, by equal izing the public burdens and by almifii-tt-ring the government with a due rrgarl to fiugality and iconomy, we give go evidence that we entertain a proper et male of the responsibilities of our sercl stations. The general prevalence ofhra'.ib, tbe benignant smiles of a merciful Vrouience on the labors of the husb indman. anJ tip prosperity which has attended our ci' zens in their varied pursuits, denial grateful remembrance of that Being f''c3 whom are all our blessings. Circumstances, which, a few mnnit since, m a neighboring S'ate. thre3'.'i" to disturb the friendly relations subsia between this country and Great Bii'"11 have happily, through the wisdom Dil moderation of the rulers cf the ttvo coun tries, been put in a train cf amicab ' justment. This result, lo a nation I'k5 ours, whose habits and pursuits mat 11 at all times their interest to be at p?ace with the rest of the world, and wbos? ' clinations correspond with their interes is a matter of sincere congratulation. The continuance of the no'iiical lurbances in the neighboring Proving Canada, and the alledged cruelty which the contest . had been earned i t s t ? ; t t i i t t t i r i t f k r.