Newspaper Page Text
Jan. 18, 1843.
V E It U O N T T E L E G it A P II. 7 1 For the Telegraph. THE JICRDEli OJJf BOAXID THE BRIO SQMRRS. The popular 3nd leading newspapers of the day are teeming, and some of them literally filled, with the particulars of the mutiny on the above mentioned vessel. These papers state that a most horrible murder was about to be committed by the mutineers on the crew. Now, if in their laudable attempts to be accurate, they had gone a little farther and asserted that mur der was actually committednot by the mutineers, but on the mutineers not legal murder as some call it, .bjut illegal mur dor, it is barely possible they Would have npproacned nearer the rigion of probabil ity, i( not of truth. If any one objects to the caption I have chosen for this article let them show its incorrectness and select me a better, and I will most willingly adopt it. But if, on the contrary, murder as well as an attempt to mutiny took place on that brig, then prirciple requires that 1 should adhere to the truth of my caption. 1 will not undertake to say how far prejudice, instead of any real or well grounded fjar for the safety of his vessel, influenced the conduct of Alex. S. Mack enzie in destroying the lives of three human beings, with a most benignant and merciful grant of (en minutes in which to prepare fjr etern'ty but will let his report to the N ivy Department and to the Naval Court of Inquiry speak for itself on this point. It is not denied that Philip Spencer was a somewhat reckless youth of bid habi'S and bad associates but it it is denied, ence fir all, that a boy only between 18 and 19 years of age,, even cf his character, can not be reformed bv kinJ treatment by friendly . and wholesome ndwice by imparting confidence, and thus crenting a proper se!f respect. Whether this was the course pursued by command or Mackenzie towards his midshipman Spencer whether be acted as a frierd liiiJ fither of the boy, as he'ought to have done, remains to be shown from his own arcotint of the transaction. Here are his words at the commencement of the report: ' After Midshipman Spencer had been received on board he Mackenzie heard and I had frequently observed in him a strange flashing of 'the eye " Witness the extreme jealousy entertain ed by Mackenzie towards Spencer. Even his habits of joking, of smiling, and the expression of his eye are all narrowly watched and carefully noted down. And for what purpose? Why, he has before stated that he wished to get rid of him," . and we shall soon see that he will find an occasion. The question naturally arises, what im pression w-ould prejudice and jealousy, connected with such conduct as this, be likely to have on the mind of a high spirited young man like Spencer? He could not help seeing and feeling the ha tred his commander entertained against him. He could not joke or smile, be merry or sad, look pleasant-or'sober, with out being closely watched, and the whole construed against him. If it be true that "love begets love," it is equally 'true that, in such a mind ns Spencer's, hate begets hate; and we shall cease to wonder tha! he occasionally 'muttered and threateded,' as stated by Mackenzie and testified by the witnesses against him. See, in con firmation of this, what Mackenzie admits he said to Spencer, and Spencer's reply only a few moments before his deaths I asked him Spencer if I had done any which made him seek my life, or whether his hatred was unfounded?" He said he thought it was only fincy. Per haps he added, . there tea something in your manner which offended me," This, remember, is the.. statement of the party in his own case, when no other person was present to hear what Spencer added on this point, if anything. If Spencer, on this occasion, gave the true reasons' why he blamed Mackenzie, pertaps Mack enzie might not be swift to communicate them to his own disadvantage ! I think it can not be doubted that Mackenzie might, if he pleased, by kindness and con ciliation, have-gained the esteem cf young Spencer, and prevcnld even the thought of mutiny. In concluding this article I deny, en tirely, that any such necessity existtd fjr liking the lives of Spencer, Small and th:t! Spencer hid b.en sent ho.ne from Cromwell, as stated by Mackenzie in his lie Br. zil squadron for intoxication; that justihcation. i his necessity, 1 will at- he ased to grtndoj him, that he con- hemnt to show m your next paper, does not exist in the circumstances of the case, " For the Telegraph. FERSO NALPU R I T M . Dear Sir : 5 The youthful persons 2nd the youthful spirit of the civilized world have assured ly been far some time past misguided with respect to the true direction in which to look for a meliorated condition of society. Those persons and tharspirii are too "no ble to be inert in' this grand cause, and did it not happen that a false pursuit is constantly pointed out to them, they would long since have actualized in social life those purer and loftier iden3rvhich come to every youthful siul. How sadly, how vainly, are spent many of the best years of human life in consequence of the false hope3 held out by political teachers. The energies wasted in this direction alone ap pear to be sufficient, if properly applied, to redeem the world. Every public man, statesman, lawyer, preacher, lecturerJ writer, is party to this grand mistake. Or at least if every one is not, the excep tions are so fe.v as at present to weigh little against the mass. However let us faint not, despair not, for the little "Tele graph" is at work announcing the arrival of a new era. I trust that a voice is heard in Vermont which will not long let us slumber in deceptive security, or pursue a resultless work. If the physical and mental triumphs of pnst times arc worth anything valuable, something is still to come very superior to sue h t ri'i mp'is. A Lexington victory is no; to be merely the prelude to other conquests of the like kind. A Bunker Hill success is not to find its termination in a Bunker Hill monument the granite tree cf blood sown 'roots. These events are surely for some higher end. Our youth ore not for ever to fall into that worshipping of history which makes our in flints antiquaries in petticoats, and our school boys better acquainted with Greek and Roman vicesthan with their own duties and their own nature. This has not been found the best way to cherish virtue, and none can expect much that is lifeful or truthful to come out of it. Faith on the internal source of good ness and intelligence is that element in our nature wh.ch should be cherished. liberty of two or three people, and 1 think it will very easily be perceived how I do it. In the first place l am myself, physi cally, intellectually, and morally liberated in no slight degree. I am liberated from the expense or toil of working for them, or such of them as do not require a sub stitute. 1 am freer intellectually by fore going the use cf all stimulants whatever. And morally who can doubt that most of the articles for which we are indebted to slave labor are exciting to the lowest pas sions or tend to the most debasing con duct? So much then for my freedom. To an equal, or perhaps a greater extent do I free some one negro laborer. My conduct has the most serious effect in the planter's eyes, fir he knows very well that if he could no: find a market for his pro duce, his slave would be valueless to him and might go free. Commercially speak ing he would be scarcely worth keeping if there were no export market for the produce. For the estates must then be transformed from plantations to farms with a greater variety of products; more still would be req.iired, and humani'y, hu maneness, must be allowed to grow up, and the slave would be one of a family from which it would scarcely be-desira-ble.to Separate him. The third class of persons which such conduct in a direct manner tends to liberate.though they may not believe i', consists of all who stand between the producer and consumer, whether as shipper, sailor, factory-slave, store-keeper or in any other kind of de grading employment ; for looking at man and his -neglected capabilities these are all very lort ly occupations. This, then, appears to me the most ef ficient course to be pursued individually far the liberation of the negro 'slaves not only in the United States, but in the West Indies and Brazil. Furthefmore'for the melioration of the laboring man's condi tion throughout the whole of the tropical region ; the state of things at present be in r such that the men and women of that I J . . I 1 - .. L. zone are nein in oonuage to ucwie me palates of northern men and women. It has always been a lustful appetite of some kind which has subjugated nations, but A' e seem now to have arrived at the very imparted to us at the present moment, and now to generate a new. order of outward existence commencing with ourselves. New pure beii.g is wanted, not merely a reformation of old impurity. The surer hope, the quicker certainty dwells in gen eration of goodness, not in regeneration of badness. Let us conserve the holiness, the purity we have ; or rather, let us give up ourselves to holiness and purity. Let each do this in his own heart. Let me stand on ground a little di y, if I cannot reach the perfect standing, before I hold out a hand to draw my neighbor from the ditch: otherwise 1 may involve him deeper. It is doubtless a beautiful object to be hold the most talentful men, the giant minds of modern times, rising above their own depressing circumstances, and strid ing over the battle field of wrong doing to 1 Letter from H. W. Capron. The letter below is too good to suppress. At the time I received it I laid it by, not know ing whether it wou'.d do to publish it, inasmuch as no permission was given. But on reviewing it, I cannot be persuaded that it ought to be kept fix ni the public eye. I am unacquainted with the writer, except by this communication, and anolh er whih I received fiora him. If he doer not want to be published, he must say so, when he .writes such articles as this. It is high time that such a genius' and spirit be publicly enrolled cn the list of reformers. Walworth, N. Y., Nov. 12, 42. Brother Murray : I have obtained but two subscribers for the Telegraph. I see the difficulty: The subject of reform is a suljoct but little heeded here, except it be to scandalize those who engage , in it. Those to whom 1 have generally shown the Telegraph are strong sectarians I have preferred this class. 1. Because it would be apt to set them to thinking, silered him a base' young man, and being ihi son nf nn honorable father he thought him more bise than those who have no as stated by Mackenzie or testified by the ins Pn (1 nf I hn rrvri mnnlr r nnrnrw! rp!5 , ,i i j I i . r pettiest cause lor servility and wartare it. Public teachers, above all our nublic writersshould incessantly call the; alien tion of every individual, especially the ttmtlies to Disgrace by their conJuct. He I witnesses. But, in stating this, L doubt not hopeful and the young, to their o.vn indi i.ien .i a n ,1 f n r rvi r i t rw r m n ur 1 1 ri rvi cu- j . - i - .. i '.l .1 "xt ii " wnat 1 naVenOW written appears in print.Oe UYhether U hrt nPtrro slavery or rn'tnn- u m.i v u lue i.ivy. I I -j D) we not here discover, on the part c('Mnotaoiy acquiue- oy a ivar mill slavery, whether it be temperance or f-,r1AnlM nn ahmrt in nrpnns the " " ' . r j . ion.nes:siance, in snort wtiatever may curt before who-n he was to be tried in lar $hare o( l,,e The Course be the proposed object of reform, we lis favor: and to instil into their minds ue l00K immLU u" U9 i4'M u' Ul Pouia te ieU 10 sce Unt ihe -greatest good ' i i- -t t i : - . !. i . . . . the same nmudice a-ainvoun? Snencer 1 orK lo CJU5U le ,c,u'" l'P"8 lu any one can rei.uer to the cause :s by be o I i i t . I iv I . . . . ... . that hd himself had imbib.-d I And all P3" ever.Vin!n7 conia.neu in u.s report com.ng in himself Iree from those enor- ..:. u..r.. : i . u:. that could be dj up against the character mitie3 which he deprecates in others. If I r l ..Mil. I t I -.i.- l- l , i i . ... e .i I oi younjr opencer, u iia.c a ituututy i use no a u. e wnaiever wnci is tro te l. nnd tvhn if was imnimih f For tlu I 1 J r , . ........... t - - . , ., . rr r..i i i t .1 1 r 1 1 1 accused Spencer to be present and repel 10 Pr0(juce ims euccu 1. luavKr.r auceu oy ine a.u 01 negro .aoor 1 prooa- he charsre. For he lav .(eeD in the lS' ,n EOcne reetl? an " 1 ' ' U!y iioera e ai once ixvo cr mree persons. I iiU'.ll Lnnwinir ho Ihnl hr.t rnnin'iiini I . I . T .1 bosom of the ocean buried" bv the unau- Vanecfthi V.im .tain.- ' - . uutull,a ue-ree i uiere- i " " i ... . thorized act of the very mm who now in the first place put it out cf the power n7 cccomp.isn.ng n.ucn greater actual hnd the assurance to rise up. and heap of Spencer to complain by tahing his life, good by my indiviJual proceeding without infarnv on the memorv of the dead in an and then took this course to induce the ''s 01 l,me' Indn 7 ma.i.ng speecnes, or fxpar'te trULcf his own creation! What public to prejudge his case. But whether y holding up my hand at public had the charge of intoxication against I he will be justified by his Maker, by his um ormg auoui aner many . ... --. . . ..I . . '. ... . . I .'oorc' ulfoTlt.'.n ,. ... . ..,. . i. i ; ik t.. - : n, i nn i..rii.. 1 1 1 y.a o it., i Ojjl'l.tcl, tv 111 IC UVMUllglll IU llic uia.il I CUI15CIVIJV.C, ui ujf jju jiv f i jf .mil we . miiw tqaadron, (whether true or false,) to do gether a different aflYir ! with the guilt or innoctnee of Mackenzie Mackenzie's real motive for taking the in har.ging him, while on the Somers for life of Spencer I know not, unless it was an alleged mutiny? The only evidence funded in prejudice, an ijnmanly fear, or cf 'baseness1 he brings in the jbove fharge selfishness. Perhaps the following closing is intoxication and if this renders a man paragraph of his report, in his own words, base, perhnps Mackenzie himself, or even Vvill throw some light on this subject : some of the members of the court who t it deemed that I have had any trv him nr., I mnh itu.!- nf vminfT mn met it for the preservation of the Somers 1,!., Sn,n,,r hv Wn v,r h T nm Um the treacherous toils by.whcih she , j " cnrrniir.J..il Kai h ainrp nnrl hefiirn her reriod during their lives. But the only den,fture from the United States, 1 re- evidence of intoxication even, that Mack- spectfully beg that it may accrue without enzie brings, is hearsay. He heard Spen- reserce to my nephew Mr. Perry and cer had beeu sent home for intoxication.'! that "e be placed in the situation r t i V i " i- LEFT VACANT BY THE DEATH OF Mr One question of morals, contained ,n the SpESCEtt. I pcd;?e myself for the en above quotation, I leave for Mackenzie tire faithfulness and zeal with which. he or his fripnds to settle or exolain that i.. will discharge duties 1" JrsTicE ...... - , .. - . hfw if rnuld inrreastt Snencer's baseness r Kevr World Extra. because he belonged to a family or nap- The Publisher of the New World is pened to be the. .'son of. an honorable a0lrding reading matter at a very cheap father.'? . rate. They havejust published the ' Me- Listen one more to Mackenzie's renort. I have emphasized some of his express- interesting work. Price 25 cents single SuSarVn!ola?ses' orr or rU'n' r ions considered most important: - . J copy five copies fjr 1. , 'All these things, (he says,) I called to 1 ! as0. Letters of Mary, Queen of which could enter the heads of any peo ple. '..".' The like course of reasoning applies to every other moral reform. Each one has to say, " let me not only think aright, but be right, vnd do right in all practical matters, as well as theological arguments, and then, but not till then, am I realty friendly to the proposed reform." Were this the general conviction, were this the general conduct, how rnpiJly would re form 0 on. Rather would it not at once be sueceStfjI. Contemplate for a moment the fact of there bviiijj no sale nt Boston for se"ar, molasse?, or cotton. What will become of those turbulent sailors and their sirls ? How shall the discontented shiparigfiTs be pacified ? T-hese men must turn to. their .''forefathers' purer pur suits and grow their own corn and linen. Then the cargoes may go back to Charles ton or Now Orleans : and the slaves must be set to spinning a little for them selves, and planting trees, for no northern lumber could be bought, and thus even thesoil would be in the way of restora tion to a fertile state. The fjctory gfirls must go home, and . learn ihe household duties, and respect fa.i.ily virtue, and no longer call in the prkst to marry them just at the last moment that will ensure cri tical man.' I will turn to the best ac. spring s legmacy. racis ui uns ,nnr.t I nihlr can all that is offered : kinJ do no1 i,?Pear in printed commercial J ' 1 . L I I . . t 1 I II I but I will require of myself the true mis- oies, DUl tney are printeu ,n aeep, otacic sionary position of Wing, or of willing to ''-ers upon ine iair oosom oi socieiy, un- the utmost to be that which 1 recommend til its purity is almost entirely lost. to others. Before I can aid in the refor- ln olJ England it is not unusu .1 to see roation of other roinJ, my own must be a number of town politicians r ssembling in some degree, if not wholly teformed. redress their grievances or to resist im- Before I can ask the slaveholder to liber- posts, and spending over their debates I r 1 . l.i . ate his bended fellow, creatures 1 must more money ur unnt an t tooacco man learn to live happily without every article twice the amount of the payments they which can possibly have been produced wish to escape. And this is about a fair by the sweat of the negro's brow. If t measure of all noisy- patriotism. It is dirty myself with Tobacco, if I consume more costly than the results are worth. 1 he Slaveholder is willing you sbou.d the rescup nf nn nnnrfsspfl rare nr!n fall ' t 1 .1.. 1- .!. ... I .Ur. nT na irn. Wp rnnnnt wnndpr that the 1 - . . others. 2. Because there are scarcely any others in this vicinity. Anc yu are aware cf the fact,that, thoe who are bound to political and religious parlies, and who preach, pray and vote for the butchery system, are such cowards, that where any thing like the heaven-born principles that Christ taught, such " as Peace, Love, Charity, &c, are brought among them they start back with horror and say "away with that' paper : it ad vocates Non-Resistance; end our very nature cries out against it, our preachers raise their voices against it in their pul pits; and if this doctrine should prevail we should be abandoned to the mercy of other nations, and our neighbors would rob us with impunity." Now they prob ably do not see the ludicrous paradox that this argument peaces them in. I think that if this doctrine should prevail, and we should become a nation of christ ians, there would be none to rob and plunder. One thing is very certain that this nation never will be a christian nation, so long as they content themselves to bow down to the dictation of a mercen ary priesthood. Neither do I think that such a ministry will very soon make Christians of the heathen, by colonization or otherwise, so long as they continue to go among them loaded down with the tools of their profession, of Marder.B Jtch ery and Blood and on theslightest prov ocation resort to the use of these tools, like the pious missionary who put a num ber of buck-shot into the body of a chief, whom he had been sent 'to. convert to gratitude and applause of the relieved or admiring crowd attending their steps. But how much more beautiful is the sight of such grea'ness, conjoined with equal benevolence and purity, recalled to its own inward state, and humbling its energies and love, to self-reformation and self-'puri-fication. If our best young men seek a noble station, let them look in this direc tion ; ifthey. would have a true reward let them seek it here. If our young women would fi.! their proper pesition, the same course is free to them ; would they justly command admiration, let them pursue an inner life. Let boih sexes become faith ful conservators of those talents and grac es, which have been given to them for the purpose of pure creation, or rather which are not gifts, but loans which the faithful steward watches not on barren re forms, but sanctifies to holy, new forma tions. ... The old and vicious ins itutions of so ciety can never be annihilated by the best proofs cf their depravity. This is a mere negative process, and an affirmative mode is needed. What the well disposed have to do is to build up new .and virtuous in stitutions. The old ones will then either reform, conform, or pass out of exis.ence. But some customs must prevail ; some in stitutions must exist, and there is in the youthful a general disposition to adopt and su pport the purest. The youtl.fjl relish the purer habits, because their natures are purer. By so much they are the younger, by so much are they rearer the Crea or. They are fresher from his im mediate operation, and they can be more UChrisiianity. Are these the weapons You Will understand I have nothinjr to say against such public efforts. .They are not to be neglected, but they are to follow, not to precede personal reforma tion. You observe very justly that the talking about practice is not the practice. I will joyfully accept every good saying whether it come from a practical or a the ...It ' J J 1 . .ouecuon, anu enueavoreu carcjuuy q arran.ed in chronological order, review the whole conduct of Spencer. I otous' ''"' 8 , had treaud him precisely ns I treated oth- with an introduction by Agnt-s btrickland. er midshipmen, though I had perhaps The above works are published in octavo reproved him lessthantheolhersforslight nrm,o( C4 nags each, and illustrated deviation from the ttrict line of his duty'. '. . Mm n,;.. n- ta, nmrnl frm m n . ,- jt , .1 J with numerous engravings. Price io 1 his arose Jrtrn my conviction that then . , . P 0. tould be but little hive of tsttiall tir. cents single copy five copies fir $1 ng one who had proved to be so decidedly j Addrvsf, J. Winchester, 30 Ann St, N. Y. nis own enemy, i observed tbat Ae was . v. 6. M. in the habit ot associating but little with the other officers, but that he was contin. i Brother-Isaac Sawyer, jr., has removed na y mtimaio wnn m crew. He was r c n v u , m-.-often in th hahit ofioki.lZ ,i" :i! &n Deerfield, N. H.to Amesbury, Mass iwti whenever he met them, with a4 and requesu liis correspondents to ditect mile never kiown but on sucK occasions;l 'he, latter place. rice, or wear cotton I have not an henest face to show at an anti-slavery meeting. These things are so easily done without; nay, life is-so much the happier when they are given up, that if I have not cour age to make the trial, I can have no right to call upon the Southern planter to make trial of free labor. The consumer of these articles puts th chains on his subdued brother;, and the non-consumer takes ihem cfT Thanks then to him or to her who continually says no," when invited to participate in these things. - If I use none of the produce of negro laKor "I have remarked thai I nrftmntp the I r' ; - talk against him as fiercely as you please, so long as you are a crood customer for his produce. The state oppressor is equally disposed to hear with indifference the voice cf the reformer, provided it comes home to him on a breath thorough ly saturated with the fumes cf tobacco or of alcohol. The. result of mature, dispassionate consideration in every mind will benot to wait for the reformation cf old abuses, not to delay for the concurrence of a whole community In any proposed scheme for human redemption, but at once cooscien tiouslv to act up to the highest principles easily and perfectly kept in his hands than the older members of the human family, whose every added year may probably have added but so much more vice or knowledge cf vicious fic's. All fact khowl- ge, as cootrasteJ .vun instructive rvis- dom, is knowledge of evil. Our investi gating sciences are, in a moral point of view, Jiule more than an attempt to regain univeisal wisdom through a knowledge of details. An effort which is about as suc cessful as the attempt to obtain an integral gla?s vp s by patching the fragmenls. There is indeed one fact which may h ip us to the desired point : to which fact I have already alluded. I mean that grand fact so frt quently lost sight cf by our nat ural philosophers,or else altogether denied by them ; of man's divine origin ; of bis interior and indissoluble connection, with deity. If it we re possible to bring parents or proposed parents to only the bare per ception of this fict, or to the supposition that it is true, so that they would in some degree test its truth by actual experiment in generation and education, there would indeed be srrand hope for the world. If not in one age, yet in a comparatively short time," we should have m'any gratifying re suits, or possibly a totally renovated race. But at present few persons seem to be lieve in universal love, even towards their own rfiVpring. These are perhaps the most unfortunate as they are the most unhappy victims of partial and individual iove. As they are at this moment the most intense sufferers bv mistaken affec tion, pejfhaps it may happen that they are destined to be the first relieved. They are the least guilty of the race, and the appeal should not be made in vain to that Christ's ministers are to be armed with? Is this "overcoming evil with 4 Is this Christianity? The teaching of the popular ects of the day proclaim it so. The laws of the land in the same breath forbid, and command mankilling ; and the whole of this church- and-state law is "a house divided ainst itself," and it cannot stand. They have been weighed in the balance and found wanting wanting in true religion arrd true republicanism. The words to them should be awav with vour hollow nro- j j ... t f-ssions your long prayers your relig ious plays and performances: They are gross hypocrisy, and are leading men down to ruin. Come out from amonar them and be free, and uatrameiled by par ty or sect. Let not the padlock remain longer on your lips; but, speak and act like men that are not slaves. I. rejoice that every year is adding its numbers to those who wish for reform ; and tbat a press can now and then be found which is not fettered. r" , Yours, for Human Rights and Liber ty. E. W. Capro.v. We mean to have a greater variety cf reading matter next week. II A It R I E D , . In Royalton. on the 10th inst., by Rev. Mr. Fuller, Mr. Charles Fay to Miss Elizabeth J. Marshall of Royalton. Com. In this town, on the 10th inst, by AVm. A. Miller, L. V. Rich, of Troy N. Y., to Caiista L. Farr, of the former place. towards their children, or at all events to let it be overspread by that divine love which would equally reclaim the parents and conserve the Iktte ones to life, to wis dom, to love. ; But this thought, so vitally urged on us all should be made the subject of a Separ ale note, if you are able to allow the space to be occupied by your sinrere friend. Concord, Mass., Jan. 9, '43. l. c. Orj- The Editor is absent while this paper goe to press. . : . ,Jy A J j At his residence in Royalton, the 15th ult , at the very advanced ngje of 97 years and five days, the truly -v enerable Benjamin Parkhurst. At his death he was the oldest person in Iowd. He pasfed through this place before there was any family in it, and his family was the third that mov ed iuto it; and has ever since fa short time ex parents to cease their peculiar affection pepted) resided in it. He thus witnessed its If rocIll From if a (.irhcs. pnttimr.iInr.t grpwih from its earliest commencement, to which he very largely contributed; and he has largely shared and firmly met and endured all the bard ships, toils and privations, incident to the first settlement of a country. For this, hi good con strtulion, uniform health, and great personal ac tivity exactly fitted him. Com. . In this town, on the 4th inst., Harriet, wife of Win. L. Bacon, and daughter of Elain and Rebec ca French, in the 20th year of her age. Com. njlHlS is to certify that I have given my -"- son Ashel M. Claris the remain ler of his time ur.til he is tvveniy one years of age, and I shall claim Done of his earnings nor pay any debts of his contracting after this date. S. A. CLARK. Brandon, Jan. 2, 1843. I