tffO DOLLARS PER, ANNUM:
"I AM SET FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE GOSPEL."
f PAYABLE WITHIN FOUR MONTHS
BVOKSON S. MURRAY.
BRANDON, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2G, 1S43.
VOL. XV. NO. 3 0.
jlhey ore translated into fvcry human "J The stream of time has already
speecu, unu. murmureu in nit earwi 3 uio u- ri.. .w.w.tc-,
sand tongues, from the pine forests of ihej Temple and Church, though never so old
North to the palm grove of eas'ern Ind. t and revered. How do we know there is
i cey mingle, as u were. w;in wit- ruar oi ; " r" -0 - ....v.... ... .......
faults is conspicuous in the systems oflhe-i intercourse with neighboring nations. To
ology. vNow the solar system as it exists !,he election of such a man what a number
nable steps are taken.
i? ia ia ar o
For I U m Tlfl(riph.
Mint is Love T Tha Lifi of Truth
Tii thai which fparkles most in youth
Th til which create ; true wisJom givaa
It it the Soul of all llml lives.
Il m tta jerm that fell fioin Heavrn,
To ia all life, where life is given;
It paint the way that leaiti from Evil
And bin-la tlie man to God or Deril ;
In Mirt 'tis what we all ghnll find
Tlia lif of God, the life of uiiuJ.
"A city act upon a liil!,
Its lilu'a ennnot he hiJJn,"
TU niiml upon the mountains top
Ta learn as Prnplret LidJ.cn.
A rity in tho val of Eurth,
It lies like empty f.iMes
'Tin mind upon it Idol'a hack.
At breaking " hot tohlea."
A word ofenr is wrapt in cloud,
And Siuui qttnkea, and ihuudera:
A word of Love; is plain, and bright.
And Muzuieih rfuolit, and wonders.
A word of truth, expand its flame
To lijiht the growing nations;
A. word of Seiife enrrotjiid'i(s nam
Willi fear, with fame, with Motion.
i A word of Love is sure to heal;
A Vfeotruih to aa?e us
In a j nmi, blissful state,
Which ore and truth have gave us.
J. S. A.
the populous city, and join the chime of
the desert sea. OlaSabbith morn they
n in av.k. t I Cm w . tt i r K t r M II Prt K
isle to isle, and land to land, till the mu
sic goes round the vorld. These words
have become the breath of the good, the
hope of the wise, the joy of the pious,
and that for many millions of hearts.
They are the prayers of our churche?,
our better devotion by fireside and field
" Thank God! that I have lived to sen the time,
When the great Truth begins at last to find
An utti'rance, from the deep homt of mankind,
Lament and clertr. tliat nit revenge it crime !
Tlmt Mun U holier than a creed. That all
Restraint upon him must consult his good.
Dupe's sunshine linger on his prison vail.
Aid Love look in upjm his solitude.
The beautiful Lesson which our Savior taught,
Tiiro' Ion, durk centuries, its way hath wrought
Into tlie common mind, and popular thought,
And words, to which, by Gili'ee's lake shore,
Tlie humble Fishers listened, with hushed oar,
Hnve found an echo in the general heart,
And of the public faith become a living part'
Christianity ? Jesus tells u?, ''hit Word is
the word oi G)d, and so shall never pass
in f jet is permanent, though the notions ! ofllolfui or 0,jeclior
of Thales and Piolemy, of Copernicus .
and Descartes about this system, prove j U bat canvassin w!l
transient i-nnprfurt Dnnrr.vlmnirnno 'n it... i 'rigues. Wliat a loss
w m - t "'!' ivv. u)iiv.iiiiiuuuiiii kj iiJC ;
true expression. Si -the Christianity 0f ;emper.
actments to raise the money.
charges do net end here. Otht
-; .r...i . i i. i
aic cuuiiiuu, auu aiKJeiner a
lat finesse, what in-1 say perhaps $50,000 bas to be levied. Pto-
of money, time and j pie do not like to pay so much inae'dition to
And then the antagonisms of par- j 'their local tares. Wei!, then, some indi-
. . . r - - - ------
awav. lint who tells os, that our word j Jesus is permanent, though what parses j rs ; that old, hollow, but still successful, j rect contrivance must be adopted which
shall never pass a way ? that our notion of I for Christianity with Pojvsand catechis ns, ! me?ns of stepping into office. The mischief1 will work easier at the moment, though it
his Word shall stand forever ?
Let us look at this matter a little more
closely. In actual Christianity, that is,
with sects and churches, in the first cen
lury or in the nineteenth century, prove
transient also. Now it has sometimes
in that portion of Christianity which is j "aPperKd that a man took his philosophy
preached and believed, there seem to have vl aiure at secona nana, una then at
been, ever since the lime of its earthly
that all countries, adopting the representa
tive system, have suffered by party is scarce-
may entail heavy consequences. They
proceed therefore to pawn the State to the
ly exceeded by that of the feudal system j money mongers who in the form of banks
which it supplanted. To name only one of! extract from the people by the license thus
i tempted to make his observations conform ! ,!,e serious disadvantages of this system of
side, the enchantment of our hearts. It is founder, two elements, the one transit m,
these words, that still work wonders, to
which the first recorded mincles were
nothing in grandeur nnd utility. It is these,
whk'h build our temples and beautify our
homes. They raise our thoughts to sub
limity, they purify our ideal of purity,
they halluw our prayer for truth and love.
They make beauteous and divine the lif ?
which plain men lead. They give'wings
to our aspirations. What charmers they
are! Sorrow is lulled at their bidding.
They take the sling out of disease and
rob adversity of his power to disappoint.
They give health jand wings to the pious
soul, broken-hearted and ship-wrecked in
his voyage through life, and encourage
him to tempt the perilous way once more.
They make all things ours: Christ our
brother; Time aur servant; Death our
ally and the witness of our triumph.
They reveal to us the presence of God,
which else we might not have seen so
clearly, in the first wind-flower of spring;
n the filling of a sparrow ; in the dis
tress ol n nation; in the sorrow or the!
rapture of a world. Silence the voice of
Christianity, and the world is well nigh
dumb, for p;or.e is that sweet music which
the other permanent. The one is the
though', the folly, the uncertain wisdom,
the theological notions, th? impiety of
man : the other the eternal truth of God.
rm; . ....i .1. . ..t-. i
i siese iwu uear jieriiujj nit; saint; teicuton I
to his theory, and Nature ride in his pan
niers. Thus some philosophers rtfjsed
to look at the Moon through Galltleo's
te I esc ope, lo r, ac cording to iliei r i heory ot
vision, such an instrument would not "aid
the sight. Thus their preconceived no-
to each other thu the phenomena of out- i lions 5?ooJ op between them and Nature.
ward nature, such as sunshine and cloud, -ow u nas oiten happened ihat.men took
....u .:- i thnir thnnlnTx- ihin tit cpf,nil iSnti I ni I
more, attention is commonly paid to the ' con form to their notions. Their theology
navicular nhpnomena than to the rf-npr;il i Stood between them and God. 1 ho
I I i" D ----- T
isture, such as sunshine and cloud, i,inv 11 lias oiien nappenea itiat.men toou
), decay, and reproduction, bear to j their theology thus at second hand, onJ
'at law of nature, which underlies ; distorted the history of the world nnd
pports them all. As in that case, ' an's nature besides, to make Religion
law, so in this case, more is generally
given to the transient in Christianity than
to the permanent therein.
It must be confessed, though with sor
row, that transient things form a great
part of vvhat is commonly taught ns Re
ligion. An undue place has of en been
assig-ned to forms and doctrines, vvhile too
little stress has been laid on the divine
life of the soul, love to God, and love to
man. Religious forms may be useful
and beautiful. They are so, whenever
they speak to the soul, and answer a want
thereof. In our present state some forms
are pet haps necessary. But they are on.
1 1 ly the accident of Christianity ; not its
obstinate philosophers have discipie3 in
no small number.
What another has said of falSe systems
of science,. will apply equally to theology :
" It is barren in effects, fruitful in ques
tiotis, slow and languid in iis improve
ment, exhibiting in its generality the
counterfeit of perfection, but ill filled up
i in its de'ails, popular in us choice, but
- . - .
suspected by ifs very promoters, and
therefore bolstered up and counenanced
with artifices. Even those who have
been determined to try for themselves, to
add their support to learning, and to en-
I ' . -I I . I I i J
Kepi in awe me rulers ana tne people; substance. Thov are the robe, not the
whi.-h cheers the poor widow in her lone- an?cf who may "take another tcbe, quite
ly toil, and COmes like light through the as berominrr nnd nsefil. One sect has
Ot Ihe Transient and Permantnl in
Cirintianily- by Thkodure Parker,
Minister of the Second Church in ltox
LUKE XXI: 33.
and earth ahall pa? away: hut my word
chall tiot pass away. '
la this Sentence we have a very clear
nJication that Jesus of Nazareth believed
3e religion he taught would be eternal,
''at the substance of it would last forever.
Yet. there are some, who are aff.ighted
the faintest rustle which n heretic
"i(i!es amonfr the drv eaves ol llieolofTV ;
windows of morning, to men who sit
stooping nnd feeble, with. failing eyes and
a hungering heart. Il is gone- all gone!
only the cold, bleak world left, before
Such is the life of these Words; such
'he empire they have won for themselves
over men's minds since they were spok
en first. In the mean time, the words of
great men and mighty, whose name shook
whole continents, though graven in metal
aad stone, though stamped in institutions
and defended by n hole tribes of priests
and troops of followers their words have
gone to tho ground, and the world gives
back no echo of their voice. Meanw hile
the great works also of old times, castle
and tower and town, their cities and their
empires, have perished, and left scarce a
matk on the bosom of the earth to show
many forms; another none. Yet both
may be equally Christian, in spite of the
redundance cr the deficiency. They are
a part of the language in which religion
speaks, and exists, with few exceptions,
wherever man is found. In our calculat
ing nation, in our lationalizing sect, we
have retained but two ol th rites so nu
giving up our own government, the percep
tion is now almost universal that the best
neighbors seldom or never are chosen. The
( best men are not party men, and never can
be, and none but a man espousing, or rather
chained to, one parfy of other has any
chance of appointment. The best men
can not be selected for another reason also;
that the law is so well and truly made, ac
cording to its own principles, that the mass
or majority of voters are faithfully represent
ed. The representative is au exact reflex
of the power, which makes him. Cut the
mass is not the best, and it is impossible
that at any time they should be. The very
iotegrily and presumed perfection of thetep
resentative system therefore preludes the
admission of the best men to those offices
which depend on the voice of the mass.
It is not to be denied that men of consid
erable talent are chosen as well as many of
moral integrity ; but it is admitted every
where in private, that we shall in vain seek
progressive 'and wisely inspired souls in leg
large its limits, have not dared enti.-ely to 'islative halls. What rtmedv can be found
desert received opinions, nor to seek the for lhis mjsfor,urie consistent with the pu-
j riiy of the representative system, it is not
spring-head cf things. But they think
ihnv hn vi flmiH ri rrrrnf ' thirior i f l -exr in.
tersoerse and contribute something ofeasy t0 divine- Govenment by (he best is
their own : prudently considering, that j an aristocracy. That is the literal mean
bv their assent hev can save their mod- fing of this Greek term. But we do not de-
esty, and by their contributions, their
liberty. Neiihe is there, nor ever will be,
an er.d or limit to these things. One
snatches at one thing, another is pleased
with another; there is no dry nor clear
sight of any thing. Every cne plays the
they once have been. The philosophy
of the wise, the art of the accomplished, j long as they satis
the song of the poet, the ritual oj the heart, so long they
priest, though honored ns divine in their
day, have gone down, a prey to oblivion.
Silence has dosed over them ; only their
spectres now haunt the earth. A deluge
of blood has swept over the nations ; a
night of darkness, more deep than the
Sty tremble lest ChrtSManity itself should I f ibled darkness of Egypt, has lowered
perish without hopr Ever and anon the down upon that flood, to destroy or to hide
ry is raised, "The Pntlisiines be upon ; what the deluge had spared. Butthrough
all this, the words of Christianity have
merous in the early Christian ch'trch.and , . 1 r ,, . ,.
,. i - ., , . . ,u n i , hts own fancy. 1 he more sub tme wits
even these we have attenuated to the last I , , - , , , .
degree, leaving thern 1 m le more than a ; , ,, ... , . , , ' .
uunei wiui less MJCiefs uui equal uusiiuu
ey, and, by the discipline of some learned
men, sciences are bounded within the
limits cf some certain authors which they
have set down, imposing them upoti old
men and instilling' them into voting. "So
that now (as Tulty cavilled upon Cajsar's
consulship) the star Lyra r iseth by an
euict, and authority is taken for truth and
not truth for authority ; which kind of or
der and discipline is very convenient for
our present use, but banished those which
To be Continued.
spectre of the ancient form. Another
age may continue or forsake both; may
revive old forms, or invent new ones to
suit the altered circumstances of the times,
and yet be Christians quite as good as
we, or our fathers of the dark ages.
Whether the Apostles designed these rites
lo be perpetual, stems a question which
belongs to scholar? and antiquarians, not
to us, as Christian men and women. So
long as they satisfy or help the pious
are good. :' Looking
ij, and Christianity is in dagger." The
ms! doubt respecting the popular theolo.-
n, or th.i existing machinery tl the
hurch : the least sign of distrust in the
Religion of the Pulpit, or the Religion of
ilt-Street, is by some good mm supposed
tube at enmity with fa'tli in Christ, nod
ttpab'e of shaking- Christianity itself.
Oathe other hand, a few bad men and a
fov pious men, it is said, on b th sides of
'he water, tell us the day of Christianity
"past. The latter it is alleged would
Crsuade us that, hereafter, Piety must
Me a new form ; the teachings of Jesus
re io b passed by; thai Religion is to
w'ng her way sublime, above ihe flight of
Christianity, far away, toward heaven, as
hf flt'dged" eaglet leaves forever the nest
h:ch sheltered his callow youth. Let
.therefore, devote a few moments to this
object, and consider what is Transient
0 Christianity, and what Permanent
'Wein. Theiopic seems not inappropri- j
,: to the times in which we livt, or the
casion that calls us together. v
Christ says, his Word shall never pass
Hvay. Yet at first sight nothing seems
"lore fleeting than a word. Il is an evan
wcent impulse of tho most fickle element,
k leaves no track where it went through
'he air. Yet to this, and to this only, did
Jesus fntrti3t the trtiih wherewith he Came
'len, ta the earth; truth for the salva
tion of the world. He took no pains to
ferpetuate his thoughts; they were pour
lorth where occasion found him an au
dience, by the side of a lake, or a well ;
la a cottage, or the lempte ; "in n fisher's
taat, or the synagogue of the Jews. He
founds no institution ns a monument of
bis words. He appoiats no order of men
to. preserve bis bright and glad revela
tions. He only bids his friends srive free
ly the truth ihey had fieely received.
He did not etn write his words in a book.
Wiih a noble confidence, ihe result of his
hiding faith, he scattered them, broad
cast, on the world, leaving the seed lo its
own vitality. He knew, that what is of
tiod cannot fail, for God keeps his own.
Hk sowed his seed in the heart,' and lefiit
there, to be waiered and warmed by the
lev and the sun which hearen sends
Ue felt his words were for eternity. So
fce trusted them to the uncertain air ;;and
for eighteen hundred veari that faithful
tment has held thern good, distinct as
an fir,t Warm from hi lips. Now
come down to us from the lips of that He
brew youth, gentle and beautiful as the
light of a Mar, not spent by their journey
through time and through spare. They
have built up a new civilization, which
the wisest Gentile never hoped for, which
the most pious Hebrew never foretold.
Through centuries of wasting.ihese words
have flown on, like a dove in the storm,
and now wait to descend on hearts pure
and earnest, as the Father's spirit, we are
told, came down on his lowly Son. The
behind, or around us. we see that the
fjrms and rites of the Christians are quite
as fluctuating as those of the heathens;
from whom some of them have been, not
unwisely, adopted by ihe earlier church.
Again, ihe doctrines that have been
connected with Christianity, and taught
- i ii
in its name, are quite as cnangeaote bs
the form. This also takes place unavoid
ably. If observations be made upon IN'a
tu re, which must take place so long as
man has senses and understanding,
there will be a philosophy of Nature, and
philosophical doctrines. These will dif
fer os the observations are jut or inaccu
rate, nnd as the deduction f.om observed
facts are true or false. Hence, there will
be different schools of natural philosophy,
so long as men have eyes and understand
ings of different clearness and "strength.
And if men observe and reflect upon Re-
S a t it r ct u y , A p r i 1 2 3 1 84 3 .
lirion. which will be done so long as
old heavens and the old earth ari indeed j man i3 a religious and reflective being,
passed away, but the Word stands, j there must also be a philosophy of Relig-
Noihin'r shows clearer than this, how
fleeting is what man calls greal; how
lasting what God pronounces true.
Looking at the Wot d of Jesus, at real
Christianity, the pure religion he taught.
nothingnpjyars more fixed and certain. Its
influence widens as light extends ; it deep
ens as the nations grow more wise. But,
looking at the history of what men call
Christianity, nothing seems more uncer
tain and perishable. While true religion
is always the same thing, in each century
and every land, in each man that feels it,
ihe Christianity of the Pulpit, which is
the religion taught; the Christianity of
the People, which is the religion that is
accepted and lived out, has never been the
same thing in any two centuries or lands,
except only in name. The difference be
tween what is called Christianity by the
Unitarians :n our times, and lhat of some
acres past, is greater than the difference
between Mahomet and the Messiah. Ihe
different ot ibis day between opposing
classes of Christians ; the difference be
tween the Christianity of some sects, and
lhat of Christ himself, is deeper and more
vital than that between Jesus and Plato,
Pagan as we call him. The Christianity
of the seventh century has passed away
We recognize only ihe ghost ol fcupersti-.
tion in its faded features, as it comes up
at our call. It is one of ihe things which
has beenand can be no more, br neither
God nor the world goes back. Its terrors
do not frighten, nor it hopes allure us.
We rejoice that it has gone. But how
do we know that our Christianity shall
not share the same late? Is there that
difference between the nineteenth century,
and. some seventeen that have gone before
it, sioce Jesus, to warrant the belief that
our notion of Christianity shall last for-
Kor the Telegraph.
A Voluntary l'olitical Government.
Sir: Many readers probably will ihink
lhat so long a note as my last was not need
ful to prove the positions claimed in it. But
these friends may keep in mind the fact
that there is a larger portion of society lha
does not yet see how easy is the transition
from despotism to freedom, from monstrous
i to humane jrovernment. Almost a priori it
might be asserted that all the operations
which are limited to the township might be
committed at once to the voluntary princi
ple; therefore no very strong arguments are
needed for its proof. If the neighborhood
will not take care of itself, either on the
ground of selfish regard, or on the superior
principle cf the common good, there must
ion, a theology and theological doctrines.
These will differ, as men have felt much
i . i '. f ' i: . u ......... I ...... .k..;.
online oi religion, a i.iey cu.a., iwc, certaiu, be so great a defect of heart and
seui.mems lurifiny ui un ri nav, uim a
ih.v have reasoned ri?ht or wrong.
Now the true system of Nature which ex
ists in the outward facts, whether discov
ered or not, is always the same thing,
though the philosophy of IN at u re, unicn
men invent, change every month, and be
one thing at London and the opposite at
Berlin. Thus there is but one system ot
Nature as it exists in fact, though many
theories of Natuie. which exist in our
imperfect notions of that system, and by
which we ma v approximate ana at itugm
reach it. Now there can be but one Re
ligion which :s absolutely true, existing
in ihe facts of human nature, abd the ideas
of Infinite God. That, whether acknow
head that such individuals ought not longer
sire an aristocracy, in either the common
view of a set of hereditary legislators, or in
the literal interpretation of the best and pur
est selected men. The people desire per
sons to make their laws who are most like
themselves. Idle schoolboys if left to choose
their own teacher would make a selection
on the same principle as grasping and sel
fish men choose a representative.
Let us suppose all the unworthy and un
pleasant processes of election to be passed.
The men are fairly chosen. In due time
they are collected in the metropolis, and pro
ceed to business. First, however, comes an
adjustment of parties. Intrigue, finesse, and
ill-will, commenced at the town house, are
repeated on a magnified scale at the state
house. Business delayed, lime , dissipated,
temper destioyed, wealth wasted iVteefora
day or two, are htre extended to months.
In the Massachusetts legislature durir.g the
session just closed how many days how
many thousand dollars were absolutely wast
ed, according, not to my assertion merely,
but by evidence of the members of the rep
resentative body, may be seen by any one
who will take the trouble to search the iec-1
ords or to read the newspaper reports. I j
believe it would not be too much to say the
choice of speaker alone cost 15,000 dollars.
And to supply these funds sane and honest
men are to be sent to jail, terrified, coerced
or cajoled, for the amusement cf a gaping
nation, the satisfaction of party, or the cor
ruption of place hunters.
But these it may be said, are accidental
evils and not necessarily parts of the sys
tem. They have, however, clung so close
ry to representation ever since parliaments
were invented lhat it is pretty evident they
are essentially vices in the representative
plan. "If you would have your wotk done,
do it; if you would not have it done set
some one else about it," is an adage as ap-
to be trusted with the management of their j pHcable to nations as to individual men of
owe: affairs, and still less should they he business. On calm investigation it will be
nerrni.ted to a nar'ticirntion of an.horitv nvPr ! und as fatal to moral justice thus to make
But as respects ihe collective body of
towns, or that association which forms the
state, a different course of reasoning may
be considered necessary. Not that this is
so very certain, for it might be concluded
a profession of hireling statesmen, as it is
deathful to religious love to set up the pro
fession of hireling priests. Nations aod
people have been unhappy under the repre
sentative system, not on account of the de
fects in its several modes ; but because it
self is one huge defect. It is utterly a de-
that if each lownshin provided fur its sen
. . .l c .u i i i i fectioa from the principle of self-government,
arate wants, the wants of the whole would ,ecu v '
hP nrnri.lpd for and nn Inrthpr .iph, npefi or conscience government,
be taken. And why this should not be done, iertt in he uman sou! These are but
and the whole cosily and immoral machine-1 hree expressions for one iacf, which, while
edged or not, is always the same tning , , ,., ,. men as reliiooists, profess to uphold, they
a m flfi rir!,,s vuv. wv.' vaii i nnv. i .iuu w i - . .. .
and never changes. So far as
any real religion either tjie princip.e or
the sentiment thereof so far he has thu,
by whatever name he may call it- For
strictly speaking there is but one kind of
religion as there is hut one kind of love,
though ihe mantfestalions of this religion,
in forms, doctrines, and life, be never so
diverse. It is through these, men approx
imate to the true expression of this relig
ion. Now while this religion is one and
always the same ihing, there :nay be nu
merous 8 stems of iheology or philoso
phies of religion. These with iheir
creeds, confessionsand collections of doc
trines, deduced by reasoniug upon ihe
obtained, at least twice as much as they pay
over in ihe shape of taxes which are appar
ently imposed upon themselves, but really
on the people; the banks being merely the
tax gatherers at the mou'est rate cf 100 per
cent commission. Another most ingenious
contrivance for involving the people is that
cf public work3. This is a most consum
mate gloss. It looks so prai-eworthy to
promote manufacturing industry, it is so
scientific, so civilizing. Canals, bridge?,
railways, and the like are such progressive,
useful, honorable works that they dazzle or
delude easily. So the slate encourages
these for the common good ; and, while the
legislators are on one hand borrowing money
to meet their own exigencies, Ihey lend,
money to railway companies on the other.
If private adventurers cannot be found willr
log to undertake these works, it is preiiy
good evidence against their prohtablene-s.
Capitalists are a; ready as laborers to lay
out their means to the best advantage ; and
as soon as these works are really wanted
they will be erected on private speculation
as ships and Jarge warehouses are built
without the especial interference of the state.
But these expedients are adopted like edu
cation of the children by the town assembly,,
as a purifying and pcpular sanction to the
existence of the state assembly; with this
further motive that sources cf personal in
come are created by members of influential
My feeling upon the subject of these so
called improvements is that they are no re
al advantage to human welfare. I see that
if science could enable us, in one month, to
compass all thesea and land on the globe, we
should compass no more virtue or happiness.
On the contrary in most countries the
march of manufacturing and travelling skill
has been the march of misery. However,
it is needful lo meet the popular opinion
where it is, and I must therefore show that
these public works could be erected and
maintained without a forced government. .
Supposing it should be deemed desireable
by parlies interested that a railway should
be constructed over a given space; and, fur
ther, lhat they have convinced tho capitalists
their money might be advantageously laid
out thereon, ihete then remains nothing but
to pursuade the land holders to sell portions
of their land for a fair equivalent. If they
will not consent, the road may lake another
direction where ihe proprietors are willing,
or the execution may be deferred until rea
soning or the opinion of their neighbors his
accomplished iheir consent. If the work is
clearly a public advantage there will be no
dissentients, or if one should be churlish,
public opinion will sustain the project a
gainst him, and justify, as it does now, the
proceedings of ihe company. To this or
deal every disputed point on such questions
has now to ba brought, and il would be as
efficatious without the government as with
it. In many cases a legislative enactment
by tying down a public company to certain
forms, id found so fettering that its protec
tion is a hinderance, and the capitalists pre
fer to be without it. So, in an enlightened
community, would it be felt for even the
largest public works. As to any assistance
which the state should give to specific spec
ulations. America, I think has had experi
ence enough. It will be many years before
the United States can recover ihe wealth
and credit they have lost by ihus goinj out
of their way. The fact that national assist'
ance i3 needed to accomplish any public
work is proof absolute that Capitalists think
it will not give them so good a return for
the outlay as other uses of their money.
Why then should we be taxed or exposed
to taxation when Ihe first principles of those
very political economists are against them?
The argument is briefly this ; if the work is
desirable, it will as surely be done as any
other voluntary association U formed. One
1 V- TP -,.1,1 ., K. kKr as g'aiesmeu Hduiian, xucny
. . . . u,r thev set up a goal, but ihey are determined feels here rather to be eomoatttng agatn&t
of gold than you afterwards have in hand,.
so may state protection be purchased at a
greater outlay of moral life and social secur
ity than you have remaining afier all ihe
In order that we may meet the question
fairly, and see, step by step, what is the
value, if any, which the present political
it shall be no more than talked about; for
they put the greatest obstacles in the way
t ts actual attainment, and denounce any
one who seems likely to get over them.
Supposing however all these disagreea
bles, which at least they are, to be over
come, or that they are accidents, lei as see
what ihe legislative body actually does.
Like ihe town assembly, ihe apology for
machinery can boaef. we should with fair
ness trace il throughout. In the first place much of what they do, when they meet, is
we have to choose a man as delegate to ' only to be found in their meeting to do it.
V 1 -,i r.U mnttrurt aws lor os: to determine wnai "iv-"-0
facts ooserveu, may oe oaseu- .- . ,riininaL and wbal eon,e. vant who in his i-aorance and simplicity
.iiUf Wnnse the observation was too actions shall be criminal, ana wuat conse o j i
(I1UVI . i . . .
naro.v in extent, or otherwise defective
. i. r .i .!.. I rrAVp a mnrh work as he dees. thcp airrv-
quences saau result irora mem upuu iuc. - , :
actors-to re-ulate the cutting of canals, ihe pleton people are themselves the mainocca-
.-,r,innof tvharves. rail-reads, lunatic Uon for their service. Having run op an
Each cf these hospitals, armies, navies, and to regulate account of 15,000 dollars ihey must pass ea- rageous. Yet we seem to be hotrod to
in noint of accuracy, or because ihe reas
oning was illogical and therefore the de
nobody ; and that the real difficulty lies in
finding reasons why the nation should in
tetfere, and not why it should leave alone.
I know of id o.her legislative acts
which present more difficulties to my po
sition than this of u railway, laid down n
long line passing through many private
properties, many', townships, and several
states. Lunatic Asylums, Schools, and all
establishrnen's of a moral nature shou'.d
be left to moral control In some coun-
tries you are aware that not a ooot or
newspaper can be published without the
revisal and approbation of the government.
A proceeding which to us appears out-
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