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Vermont telegraph. [volume] (Brandon [Vt.]) 1828-1843, June 28, 1843, Image 1

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iLrS(SIEAIPMo
fVVO DOLLARS PER, ANNUM:
"1 AM SET FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE GOSPEL."
PAYABLE WITHIN FOUR MONTHS 1
'prl-oci-
BY ORSON S. M U It It AY.
13 R AND ON , WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1S43.
VOL. XV. NO. 3S
ong
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42
Liter-
gion-
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. S.
its ninth
he first
land, as
unds in
hts. and
readers,
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of thai
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ut litera
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crnraent-
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Henry
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rougn"'
VERMONT TELEGRAPH.
gaturday June 24,1843.
m Writers in the Telegraph speak their
jrt views and sentiments on their even respon-
THE LIFE OP CIIUIST,
Qr a Critical Examination, of his His
tory: , By Dr. David Frederick
Strauss. Translated, from the Ger
man, and Reprinted from an English
Elition. New York: Republished
by G. Vale, at the Deacon Ojjp.ee, 94
Roosevelt Street, where a Variety of
Liberal and Scientific Works ' and
Tracts may be hid. 1343.
A copy of this work was put in my
inda by the American Publisher, while
ivas in New-York recently. I have
:it yet hid time to give it much perusal,
live submkted i to the examination .of
wads of improvement in knowledge, who
,re competent to judge ol its merits ; and j
5ey agree in the view that it is a work
itJedatthe present tinv. This is my
a belief, from what opportunity I have
j form, a judgment. Helow a notice
( the work, by one who speaks from ac
jjintance with it.
Strauss' lifb- of. ciirist. The
iiracter of ihis ublc work is sometimes
iistaWeu: we have seen ii stated thit it is
iIJes and Christians in one common
-I uY, by getting the infidels to ad. nil that
vre n some truib i i Revel uion, and the
iinVi in to admit there is some error ; or
it some portions are mythological.
luwthis is radically a false view of this
n:ukir and able work: vet it is calca-
id to reconcile both Christians and In-
Is, but not by an accommodation sur
inJeritig truth ; but by whit we really
nk a correct and philosophical view ol
e origin of Scripture writings. fCj
.ajs3 siys expressly, that the idea ihut
if Scriptures are of Divine origin, is of
k'f a "myth, or a mythology: he soys
fid, and we think truly, .tnat tradition
m prxjjress gives thrs character both to
mna and things; we first respectf then
nertf, and finally consider that as di
n which in our orinr'on chghl tote:
JCurisi was considered of divine on-
hhffore the Gospels were written, for
t wereav;)wedly not written till u long
alu after his deatlf. The prophets had
: gn-n him this crnracter ; his charac
mvj) midii for him by them ; hiirr,
viore, whom the people chose to re
'la$ th Christ, ought to bis of divine
;it l fie? transitu ol beuei irom
n the Chriit ouht to be, to tiro belit f
I h vv.ts of divine origin, is really ver
ule; nnl it is perfectly agreeable to
n.m nature far persons to believe what
7 uish true : we hive examples in.otn
ijjy of this kind of belief, both in
aier and in a spirit of eulogy ; and
iih-s is pirticuhirly happy in iilustr-t-:his
noitiotn by u varu ty of hcti th t
:y with ihem the stamp of truth. It is
ir thr.t Matthew, or Mther the writer,
irdin" to St. xMatthevv, who alone re-
s ihi' extra. rjinury miracles of the
h and death of Christ, wrote only whai J
people Wished td believe,md what in
probability they already did beliew
n tradition, and what the writer hiin
f most likely sincerely believed: he
iht it due to the honor of Christ that
should have God for his father, und at
Ifath the dead should rise in honor of'
K others no doubt believed this btfore
'wrf er, and no Christian was likely to
wuizj assertions of fact - long uf.er
Nvnitj which they wished to believe;
y ihe prophecies, as now, would be
uieut evidence; and Matthew little
J'ht cf the consequence of standing
ou these import int subjects, .vhich
r'ie the other historians ought not to
they were essential; fie
J3Uonlyof gratifying his own wish
Jii that of his enthusiastic brethren
''is aubject, anJ not of sceptics eight
hundred years after drawing from his
"lion and their emission, the direct
"iJence, that the writers we're neither
nor correct: those to whom he
e didn.it dispute his statement, and
thould he piove what was not likely
f doubted; especially whn a quoti
,rromthe prophicies would niore than
'y the disciples that Jesus was divine,
at is said of Christ can b- said of
:et writings, especially if their origin
10t known, as of the books of Moses,
Qospels, &c, their accordance with
Tl
i'belu'f (ruins our attention, time makes
a respectable, and respect becomes
'fence, and reverence supposes a di-
, v,..s,- ina ine JtaT 0, rriecimsr me
i rturtt of fl,i .1
f
; hves f . . or the sacred wriiingi of all people,
j the gj Noiv, as Kcptici, w wini nothing more
una. ., ,i an admission that ih SerSntn
- .- ) v.. raiauiisur iiic ui i tu, or-
1 m
" i . a. r
".vine, or toat mis very ide a WA,
nyihological : it is all we want ; there
1 it rioihiog accommodating ; it U truth
tnhn o -
Pi
, wnoie trutu ; lor we th idea
i' Divine Origin originated as Strauss
JOsrs, in a myth, or a belief that thev
' divine because they eight to be.
Wis admission, we can calmlv tx-
I n the Scriptures, and the religion of
,arW,t people, and can fiod in them
1 joa,ething to admire in reference to
'S? of their production, and lha dis-
stt-
which they make, and ii they
la7 Ibing good in them, we can rer-
y well afford to admit it. We think with
Strauss that the Gospels are not cunning
ly devised Lblesj but we think them
written after the events, and after the be
lief had become common which they sus
tain; and that they gradually acquired
the consideration which we have for hun
dreds of years giren them. We think
this the true account of their origin, and
no accommodation, or shrinking from the
truth ; but we do think that Strauss has
giveu his researches the air of philosoph
ical inquiry, which is highly calculated to
interest sincere inquiring Christians.
The following is the Publisher's latest
notice : . ;-"!' '
3STnACss.-We want money; we
want to circulate this important "work.
JCWe have now published a New Edi
tion, bound in leather, full sheep or half
calf at $1,00, the old price, --jlbut in
boards with cloth backs at 75 cents:
We shall also serve Mis edition cheap
by mail io three patt3 at 75 cents, as a
b L r t no f r I k ii T"" I i iti rr si n r A n I t . f c . . m
is awkward to send we shall forward
VC$lhree copies for two dollars. This is
not a Flame of Benevolence (an ex
pression used by a gentleman who offer
ed lands to a community on terms that
would improve his own eelue) but a case
of necessity, combined with a useful ob
ject, lor we repeat we want money: to
beg we are ashamed ; to rob or borrow
is too common : we therefoie propose to
sell cheap Send in your orders quickly
and oblige, G. V.
MV FIRST AND LAST BOO IT,
Or Thoughts of a Plain Man. Contin
ued f on the Telegraph of June 21.''
Question Has it been the direct ten
dency and effect; and the great evil of a
written and printed language to lead meu
to took to ancient rccoid3 of revelations or
supposed revelations, thus perpetuated, as
their only tnear.s of authoritative commu
nications from God, and consequently to
disbelieve in and forfeit direct, immediate
communion with God, which is the
common and equal privilege of all who
truly know and obey the living Ood as
really now as in any past time; and has
the efRcl of all this been to create an aris
tocracy of knowledge, influence, and pre
rogative by causing the supposed necessi
ty of an order of men whose exclusive
duly and privilege it is to expound those
records, and to administer the -ceremonies
and f jrms supposed to be enjoined in them :
thus elevating to a hurtful and pernicious
eminence the few, by depressing and de
grading the usany ?
Answer. Ayr; all true, every iota.
Q. Is it the natural and legitimate
tendency of a written, printed, and earn
ed or studied language so to multiply
word, and especially polite words and
learned phrases, called by the illitera'e
"high flown language," us to place the
acquirement of a reputable knowledge of
language, cr a polite education out of the
reach i f those who have not much leisure
and property to spend at-schools and sem
inaries, and much fmi'ude and persever
ance in an unnatural and tedious course
of mental discipline, and consequently to
create an aristocracy of literature, and di
vide the community into two classes, the
literati end the illiterate, the learned and
the ignorant?
A. Aye; indisputably. As an illus
tration note the recommendatory adver
tisement of a recently published dictionary
that it contains ten or twenty thousand
more words than any other dictionary.
Q. Is it the legitimate and natural
tendency of a printed language so to mul
tiply and enlarge prints, publications and
votumes ( is an illustration note the many
ponderous volumes and mammoth prints,
and the annual lists of numerous new
publications) as utterly to confound those
who would make a wise seleciio ?
1. Aye; and if this should continue
for five hundred years to conic in the same
ratio of multiplication and enlargement as
for one hundred years last past, the world
would 3carce coniain them, and collected
in depositories wouTd male M hills peep
o'er hills, end Alps on Alps arise," and if
ignited would make more splendid illam
inatiuns than the burning of the .former
iinp.?riarciiy of the Czirs, and more mag
nificent conflagrations than ever burst
from the volcanic crater of Hecla, Vesu
vius, or Etna.
Q. It it an error or evil" to which a
verbal or spoken language is not liable,
and which belongs only to Writing and
printing, so to encumber words v iih silent
letter and false sounds, as utterly to coa
found the student cf orthography without
the aid of those initiated in the a rV? '
A. Aye; indisputably For example,
who would to mi: of ejp;ssing the . word
tizik by the letter? j h i h i
s i c, Of the
word Ural by the Utters s t r a i g h t.
Crooked and perverse ways are these tru-1
ly ; deteriorating to intellect, demoraliz-Mams,
ing to the sentiments. It should be the j
hrst work ot those who believe the art is i
good, radically to reform the language i;i j
its alphabet, orthography, and diction.
Q. Arethere miliious of mankind ig-
no ran; of the living God, and of man's
true social relations and duties, sunk in
degradation, transgression, and consequent
wretchedness, who cannot read, and who
consequently cannot be taught, purified,
and elevated through the art of printing 1
A. Aye; hundreds of millions.
Q Is the relative proportion of these
who can read gaining so as to give prom
ise that at. any time not far distant the
mass of mankind may be taught by print-
ing?
A. No ; but if I mistake not statistics
A '
would show that throughout Christendom,
to say nothing ofheatheri nations, the rel
ative" proportion of those who cannot read
is gaining.
Q Are there any of mmkind so loit
in ignorance, degradation, and wretched
ness, that lheir;' condition may not be
helped by the kind and brotherly social
teaching and example cf the wise and
good, the friends of God and man 1
A. No ; or few, if any.
Q. Then must those who would wise
ly labor to redeem the family of man from
ignorance, degradation, and wretchedness
lay aside the press as the means of doing
it, and use social intercourse and influ
ence for this purpose ?
A. Aye. May God the Spii it of la
bor, truth, and love send ferth laborers
into this field, which is the world, already
white to harvest.
Q. Can those who believe these ques
tions are rightfully answered, rightfully
use the art?
No. No fdrther than they do it
with the motive, and make such use of it
as tends directly or indirectly to abolish
and bring it to an end. ,
A Great Question . ....
Q. What are the two most fatal falla
cies that have ever befallen, and that do
now afflict ma n kind ; are they these,
namely ; first, that which denies direct,
immediate communion with God (which
is the common and equal privilege cf all
vho will receive the filial spirit, audthat
without which none can know or do Its
will) and asserts the necessity of a media
tor in order to access or acceptance with
God: and, secondly; that by which man
usurps the authority and power of govern
ing man by physical force, and the inflic
tion of penalties, torture, and death ? '
A. Aye. The 'first fallacy has led
men to adopt as their only and as their
authoritative rule of faith and duty, ob
scure and uncertain records of the past ;
and io look for light and truth from God
through a hireling priesthood and clergy,
who have left men in gross ignorance of
the laws by which God governs the worlds
nf mind nirl mnt'pr nrsd hivn innrrht -th.it
. ,. , ' - , ,.
the chief consequences of obedience to and
transgression of the law of God, or of the
actions of this life. are fixed in a future
state beyond death. Thus leading them
to regard as of little authority or import
ance, and recklessly to violate the spirit
iral, rocial, and physical laws, obedience
to which God has made essential to their
well-being upon earth, the consequences
of which, through successive generations,
' n ' .... '
are that human life is brought down to a
lithe ol its original length, and that made
comparatively wretched a nd wo rt h less :
and the second has caused most of the op
pression, violence, ind bloodshed that
have stained the records of mankind, and
colored the earth with human gore.
Flesh Eating.
lis tendencies and eciis, and the substitute.
Q. Dj animal killing and flesh cat
inr naturally tend, as a result of the laws
of mind and matter, to. degrade and bru
talize the mind, and to assimilate men in
their temper and propensities to the fleh
eating animils, and consequently to make
them cruel and combative, selfish, greedy
or gluttonous, and especially to develope
and excite tfio propensity of lust ?
A. Aye. Observation, and the exper
ience of those who have the use of, and
abstinence from flesb,demonstrate all this.
Q. Is it the natural and legitimate ten
dency, of their use of, and intercourse
Not positively or really; for .has the infinite
al vf reign Spirit ever been the author of any
existence that ras not, ea the whole, desirable?
A. No- For that would ahow. a vr act of wis-
dcrn, jow-er, or goodae.
with, the animals, in butchering them inj
cruelly separating the young from their I
by killing the young, in castrating
the males, and in driving often to their ut-j
most speed and endurance, by the use of
spurs, goads, whips, 'and vociferation, to
make men boisterous in expression, and !
rough and uncouth in deportment and !
countenance, to. benumb and blast the hu-for
mane sympathies, and to make men insen
sible and callous to mental as well us
physical suffering, and to extreme vio
lence in every form, and even to delight
in vvitnvssing and inflictinnr suflerini ? '
A. Aye; unquestionably. And this
tendency is seen in their choice of amuse
ments and sports, on holidays and other
occasions by youths and men, or exam
ple, in hunting parties by which hundreds
of innocent, cheerful, and beautiful birds
and squirrels aro killed, maimed, audi
wounded, ofien leaving them to lingering
torture and death from their wounds, and
the young to die of starvation, or the old
to mourn the inhuman robbery and mur-
J jer of their young; in fishing, using the
living minnow for bait, with the barbed
hook thrust through its body, often hang
ing for hours in extreme torture : in shoot
ing matches and in cock-fighting, and
horse-racing, all of which arc practiced
far mere pastime, and apparently without
a compassionate thought of the cruelty
und inhumanity of such deeds.
Q. Is it the legitimate tendency of all i
these courses, in communities where they
prevail, to form a general sentiment and
public opinion that will rely for the pow
er and means of iufl jencing or controll
ing mankind both in parental government
and discipline, land in public governments,
upon coercion, by the infliction of punish
ments and physical torture ; and in nu
merous instances to form characters fitted
to the practice of oppression and cruelt)
and without compassion to witness and
enact scenes of human butchery by the
guillotine or the gallows, and the slaugh
ter of mankind by thousands on the field
of battle? J."j'
A. Aye : decidedly, as I believe.
Q. Is it ulso an evil of the. use cf ani
mal food, including flesh, butter, cheese
&c. (causing also the use of salt and other
condiments and accompaniments to a very
great amount)' that it costs an incalculable
extent of unnecessnry Jabot or expense,
and constquenily where flesh eating is re
garded as genteel and luxurious, causes
an envied though unenviable disthiction
between the rich and the poor I
. A. Aye. The same amount of nutri
j ment from the vegetable productions of
tnc earth wouid not cost at most one nlth
part as much labor as from animal food
and its accompaniments, including the
care and rearing of animals, their prepar
ation, cookery &c.
Q. What, then, is the duty of those
who come to a knowledge and rational
conviction of these truths 1 Is it imme
diately to cease eating animal food ; also
to cease oppressively driving beasts by
i. ' . J . . . -
instruments of torture, and also the fatten
ing of animals and butchering them for
food?
A. Aye ; undoubted!', and as the liv
ing God still judgeth in the earth, and in
dites and regards the ferveal and effectual
desires for the good of mankind of those
who have the filial spirit, those who per-
I st in the&e courses, after such knowledge
j , . -. . , ,
and convicuon, may not expect the favor
of God in Its conscious approving pres
ence or prosperity in property invested in
beasts. ..- - ;
Q. Will rt be inquired what then are
the kinds of food within the means of all
which should be used inaiead of animal
food, and as temporary substitutes for the
fruits of the tropical clime, which are
mans proper ano peUt?ct !ood? Are they
these, namely, the b st grains, especially
wheat, w hlch 33 well as other grain ,
should be used without bolting and all of-
which should be cooked without veast, '
saltcratus &c, ripe beans, neas. and other
farina ; the best fruits, especially the sweet j
. . . . . .
and pleasant pjmpkins, squashes, and the
best roots, esjecinlly potatoes, and in mod
erate quantities milk; especially 'of child
ren and eggs slightly cooked and only by
boiling, and good molasses or sugar m
very moderate quantity ?
A. Aye. These, with much less Ja-
bor in preparation than in the cookery of
animal food and its accompaniments, farm
a diet highly nutritious, healthful, snd
vet palatable. Bat caution should be cs-
ed to avoid excess iti qaantiry as the grains
though less stimulatirg than flesh are
much more nutritious. Excess in quanti-i
tv as well as error in kind or quality is !
degrading to the mind, as well asdestruc
tive of health. It "is generally true that
wise men are abstinent, and the healthy
temperate, as V health consists with iem-
nerance alone." and that idiots are 2 reed v
gluttonous. v
Such are the reflections of an hones',
zealous mind, struggling to
expression j
through difficulties and depressions of no ; l0iVa or a few bad men in the state. If net
ordinary description. Au extensive read-, on this account, why at all is the'maehinery
er may possibly remark that he has seen ! of stale government kept in existence? The
the great part of these sentimeuis ottered jgud, it is confessed, require no such coer
in print already : still they will be new to ;' cive onirol. They in fact, however, erect
hundreds, and n; the miud of ihe writer j ,llls machinery, they sustain it, and what
, . . . , . .i ' ihey have now to &ee is its unfitness for its
thev are nuile ornrina In Ihis resneet 1 3
thev are an additional evidence to the mass
ady extant of the deep spirit-stirring
vnich characterizes tiie present age. lot
all such as have heretofore n! aced their
111' - -"
happiness on the continuance of mouldy
errors, and time-hohored abuses be quick
to discover some surer ground. For not
in a few souls, not merely in the congre
gations 6t great intellect, but by 'the way
side, and in remo:e comers and in solitary
posi. iocs, mind is at work in a manner
which seems to indicate that a new idea,
almost avnew element is born into the
world. Without concert, men agree;
unknown, they are brothers; untaught,
Uhey are wise; uncatecbized, they are
relitrious.
C. L.
For the Telegraph.
A Vol uiitary Political Guierumeut,
Sir: Having, by your liberal permission,
jsaid much publicly on the above subject,
n win oe rtquirea mat l snouiu Dung my
observations io some practical point, and
probably to a conclusion. Supposing auy
light to have been thrown on ihe subject,
and a convie.iion to have been produced that
the present forceful order of things is incon
sistent with ihe principles Ave know and
acknowledge to be true, the question will
naturally arise, " what are we to do T' As
the religious leacher would answer when
such a questiou it put on the.deepest ground,
so I reply, "do nothing.,? Whenever events
turn out unhappily we have to adopt this
course. It is the best medicine, whether the
mind or the body, the Church or the State,
be sick. Sometimes there may Se some oh
noxious result of human activity in the way ,
which human activity raay remove, but gen
erally human passivity is the preferable prin
ciple. In jhis case, at all events, there can
be no hesitation in presenting the medicine
of passivity. " Leave it alone," is our best
treatmenr. Like all our enemies, state op
pression will die of itself if we meddle not
with it. If there be a voter in the land who
knows not how io lake moral care of him
self and family, I am sure the State will not
help him in that respect ; so that he gains
nothing by contact with it. So far as he
does know how to exercise such mural pro
vision, let him do it with all diligence, and
in that act acquire more ability. Let every
one expend his energies within doors, and,
by moral ineaus, perfect dcrnestic and fami
ly order. No argument is required to show
that if ihiswere done in every house, co
state legislation, and scarcely any township
legislation would remain to b done. But
the remark will be made that evrtj house
and evtry person is not thus morally regu
lated ; so that it ia absolutely necessary to
introduce ihe iaGueuce of force. Does, then,
ibis introduction of force pleasantly and ef
fectually settle ihn matter 1 Indeed not j
it is just seconding ihe immoral beguiling,
and multiplying it exceedingly. Now, I
submit that ibis is the true way of looking
at tlio miller Tim ciitiiai.t; (if'Ko clnlo
... ,
few, one iu five hundred perhaps originally,
whom our injudicious treatment augments
fourfold ; whereas it we met them at once
on moral jrroui;ds we could manage at a
much smaller cost, wi th a "very much bet ter
result. Why should we make this public
znd consregative noise about such an event
robberv cr a ouarrel ? 'if a Wm.ioral rventive court of justice barely rec-
as a
jgh01JiJ faji ia;o the river we all run to hefpl0'012 Pent,wuu;3 exist :n tuti torce
him out, and not a man of us but would b-i t 3nJ vlg'3r'
glad to lose the whole day in his restoration. 1
We should do so singly with joy, ac-d never
'" of Ca!1LcS a town meeting to debate
!lhe subKct- Why not then when a neigh -
bor has (dleah bad education, or unhappy
hrrranizalion. lata the flood of intmor-jiiir
organization, iato the flood of immorality,
should we uot willingly and spontaneously
make the same sacrifices to help him out 1
By so much as the saul is more precious ' well as force is insufficient now to help hu
than the body , we should fly to submit still ! nianity cne iep forward. It is the ihird
greater efft-riugs. - principle alone in which rational hope abides.
-This is the very r-ith and heart of the We must begin with confidence in the inhe-
subject. If the evil eleoaeats in society
were thus encountered at their sources there
would be do occupation left for the consta
ble, the jailer and the executioner. Much
cheaper too such a system would he. Men
appear to think they are gainers by making
these public officers to do the but in ess which
, privately andproperly belongs to themselves.
Individually some of ihe wealthiest persons
raav be money gainers by this arrangement.-'
But morally and sentimentally tLuy ore
great lowers. And taking the whole of soci
ety iuto consideration the fact becomes very
cle.ir that it is a losing plan. For, besiJes
the cost of managing the original wayward
members of socie'y, there is added to it the
vast expenditure for tl.e extraneous inachiae
ly of judges, prison chaplaias, and the
Lost of unlovins instruraen!?. And all ihis
because there are a few bad bevs in'lhe'
jiuij.'uac, nuai nicy iianc uuw tu uy iu citCil
oiher is, " why friends and neighbors, should
we prolong this incongruous state of things
j which we have made? We made it4 and
j we can unmake it. Let u-j try if we cannot
. - . .w
j work out something better suited tothepres-
ent condition of mankind."
When the North American republic was
founded, it was an established axiom in the
world, that governors and governed wero
two distinct races amongst men, oue of
which was born to submit to the other, just
as is now held to be the case as to blacks
and Whites. But a successful experiment
for above sixty years has demonstrated a dif-
I ferent principle, and we have advanced a
good way into the truth that governor and
governed may be one. This is proved as
far as the whole mass is concerend. Nor
we have to prove the same fact in every in
dividual. We have to show that one hat
can at one moment cover both these charac
ters. Instances not a few can be found
amongst cur private acquaintance of persons'
who withdraw as much as possible from in
terference in political affairs of any kind.
These are generally the highest moral be
ings which society contains. Which is in
fact the reason why they shrink from inter
meddling with affairs of stale, necessarily
as they are of an immoral tendency. We
must do our best to let tLi3 sort of mind be
multiplied until it spread all over the land ;
and the government of force be left to die off
at leisure, superseded by the government cf
love and sound sense.
Were a true pa?ent u ifortuaately to have
a child of decidedly vicious organization,
would he, for the purpose of being rid of
such a trouble, thrust him forth into the"
street to.be derided and hooted by other boys,
or would he wish to foist him upon hit'
neighbors ? Would he not rather, boih in
love for his boy and his country, endeavor"
to the utmost to reform his character and el
evate his senliments ? Very much like this
is the picture of society. The criminals are
our malorgaaized brethren. And let it bs
continually remembered that it is on account
of these, on account of a comparatively few,
un formate near relations, that we commit
such a. series of 'unprincipled, costly, and
destructive action. Oa what poor preten
ces may a vast superstructure of actuality
be erected. Would it not be a preferable
plan fur every town to set its own criminals
to work in the field, or the shop, before the
have grown ir t j desperate charactes, in
stead of passing them through stau; tridls
and state prisons ? If it is yet premature to
expect evety separate family to ensure the
moral conduct of its own members, it would
be some little amendment of our present
system to let each group of families take up
on itself its owii responsibilities. If each
township in Massachusetts having, by the
absence cf state interference, to other re
source than its own moral influence against
any immoral influence there might be, we
should I believe have in respect to all iLe
grosser crimes a power of lwo hundred or
I '
I three nundied to one individual.
Ail the
crimes which the present rouh unparemal
state of society can lake cognizance of, do
not amount to so much as that. Then, at
the same time, those refined offences, the
quiet frauds and deceptions which a brute
J law canuoi touch, would be more directly
bached than they are now, because such a
Thrught, kindly, loteful thcrught, I an
re wilt soon engender un improved state
f thigs. As to any hope for human ad
vancement based on the present order ol
brute force, it is quiie absurd. It has been,
tried in every conceivable shape, and has
failed ; and it must fail. The representative
system altogether in worn' out.. Cucuingas
rent oodness in humanity j and so begin-
ciog we shall be sustained. Love, love on
ly cau rale men efficiently now. Command
ing talents, like commanding force, must be
laid at the feet of the beniga nature in man.
We live for this or we live for nothing. At
last we want to come round to. this point y

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