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TWO UULLAU9 rJ)iU AANUM: .' " '
v. a a A " ta A f. A W m m . . s f .' 7 i ' . - L . ,,, , , llmmm, , ,, mmm,Zm n n.. - , - - . ' . V I AM SET FOR THE DEFENCE OF ATHE GOSPEL." .PAYAIt e WITHIN FOUR MONTHS. BYOIISON S. MURRAY. li.UAJNJJUW, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3 0,1843. m v v -k. av ' " . VOL. XV. NO. 47. VERMONT TELEGRAPH. Saturday, August JM, 1843. k'or tit Telegraph. PHYSIOLOGICAL UEPOKM No. 1. Danville, Aug. 1G, 1S43. : Mr. Editor: wish to present to the read ?n of the Telegraph, some "principles of physiology applied-to the prestr cation of health. Probably all has been said on this subject, that can be said in proof of fhe principles but it may be repeated, and ought o be, to every class, of readers. Perhaps many are not aware tnai so-very mucn uas keen said' on this subject,' simply because iey hare not seen or heard it; and this is my first reason for sayingsomething through e Telegraph, to a large, and I trust, kink- ing class of community, who should be eady to meet and adopt reform in every re pecf, where it promises era rea good. We ihuuia not conune oir newa of reform to n(.ruls) and the intellect, without taking in- io constueraiion me conuiuon qi me agent hrough which the manifestation of morals ma intellect are necessarily maue. i mean he body of course. Cannot every one see on a moments renection, mat uie goou or in condition of the body must influence materi- J!y, every exhibition of mind or morals 1 1 -k any philosopher, or metaphysical) in liii. t.ndom, to point out any other medium f communication which mind has, save iirough physical organization. Th'n last lea ij a self evident irutu. This then, phi. ,opicaIly, would seem to be the true start nj point for every species of human im - irovement. I am conscious that no fudivid il will say, after half an hour's close think 13, that mind can act just as well through ie medium of a diseased body, as a healthy I e. It is possible to build a beautiful edi ;:e, on a soft and artificial taod -bank ; but jiisqiite ctrtain it will get out of plumb wore it is fiaUhed. If then, men will ad- tit that the body is the mind's tool, or im. lenient with which, and through wjiich it the must also admit, that (t will ji"" 1 1 , tyrant the most nerfectlv. and to the best Jvantage, and accomplish the .gTeaiest nuunt, with a well shared and every way" tfeet implement. A robust man wiih an shaped, and pretty dull sylhe, will cut the m of 2 or 3 acres in a day ; but give him well shaped, well hung, and keen edged landmark lhe contrast. Will he nof corajmsn mucn more, anu uu nuj r, with less effort ? All tht is plain mat r of fact." Then, if the principle' that I ive propounded to philosophers and meta' r,sicians be carreer, let the legitirrtite con- ijsion foltow. Tiie connection is so tuti- ate between mind and body, that the wyll king of one, "without except too, atlects ine 1 .er. 11 is a nine sirausc, uui ...Uo. ',,-the moral training which we i 1 1 w u v - - ( t ave imbibed from the rulptt, fur a faihion 'Ie theologun with a single rhetorical pc VJ, will, with perfect ease, make a heaven iJe difforence between theology and ph'jp ko"V, And more than that, theology' is ;ified, physiology unknown or at nest ,u.i- oiiceU : lor 1 nave nevec khuww iusm ;ciatcd in the pulpit as they reajly are in He nature ol tilings, excep.ai wv-. vactical, physiology is held, as consiiiut :g an essential part of true Christianity. 1 vis about to say,, it is strange that' men hould so widely overlook physical euucation 1 attempting to cultivate mind and morals ; vhen the body Is in reality the stajfoldin which the mind stands to perform all its I Verations. We laoorwiiu iu miuu . . 1 i L . 1 ! n .1 in. ice, and rind it diflkult to perform what we list and we are apt to attribute the defect a mind itself, and think that God has cot ;iveo us a -sufficiency of intellect , for .such -rsuit. But look deeper ; perhaps we have Jot furnished the mind with its indispensi ilw fnr lihor. The bodv. including the rain of course, primarily, which I call the t,(Llding, is not firm enough the mind Joks down upon it with trembliug; it is not iijh enough, so that the mind can reach the . v . . - at Wired noint, by which I mean, the brain kl corresPo;idin2 organs are not large correspo 'aouah. Nov? Ij-e mind may wish to soar, 'a wish in vain because the' appropriate ndiiions are wanting. ' After swallowing P'lison w may wish paiti to cease, or after bving labored 6 days oot of 7 to irery great "scess as most farmers and mechanic are ! obliged to do undir the resent order vf "ratinT on a portion ol P-wk. anil crease mingled with nil our other food, io as to constitute our stomachs liter al soap mi, we 0 to church, and wish dull ocsaand wulAVhy io leave us; but tee wish i ram. The coudiiions are wanting, If we wUh fir freedom Trom pain, and swinish itupidiiy, let us look Tor, and remove the Cacse: God will never give uch inditid oals clear and vigorous ovnds by answering their prayers, when by so doing he most con- ttadict the known laws by which we are constituted, anl related to external things. We are subjects of law. Nearly every body Mnaitj, and very many make great noise W the laws of our roiod, and the laws of turcondact. But. not so much, is. said, not Wdly t lisp ii uttered in "high places" (the nV) about the fair qf our bodies. Now look at Utwiineve systems c-t instruction and education begin at the top to build? 7 And we have scarcely built down tar enough yet to discover the ne cessity of having a proper foundation. We are so perfectly uoder the controlof fixed law, that we cannot hold dur bodies in a perfectly motionless condition for a few minutes with out suffering pain or hold our flesh too near the fire without sufL-ring the penalty.. And can we receive into the stomach or lungs an improper quality- or quantity of their appro priate stimulus, or food, and not sufier there by? Mr. Graham says, "in relation Jo al most every ihing else in. nature mankind are willing to ..acknowledge "that ''there are fixed principles, and permanent laws and estab lished order and sy stem. If we speak of the science of astronomy and assert that the rel ative size; weight, distance, velocity, and every thing'else in regard to the planetary system, are regulated and governed by the mosj exact and permanent ..'laws,- or if we affirm that, in the creation of our globe, all j things are ordained according to axed prin ciples, and that unchanging laws are estab lished to govern it in every respecf,or if we speak of the science of chemistry, and declare that all the' molecular combinations and arrangements of matter are according to fixed laws, and that these laws always gov ern every chemical action and result with the utm t precision, or if we assert that every mineral is constructed according to fixed principles that the formation of every crystal is governed by established laws, or it we proceed farther and affirm that in the vegetable kingdom, frrim lhe smallest thin" that has an individual existence to the lara est tree, all are constituted according to fixed laws ; that the life, growth, health, and ev ery thing belonging to the nature and prop--erties and powers of the vegetable are gov erned by permanent laws, or if finally we ascend id the scale of creation to the animal kingdom and assert that every animal in all its properties and powefs was created and established upon fixed principles ; jhat even in the formation of the bones and muscles and nerves and all the organs of the huraiii body, with, their mysterious and wonderful endowments law and order and adapt ation to special purposes and ends prevail and govern every thing even herc" ;as on all jhe other points '? the truth of what we predicate will be, admitted. Ypt, strange 10 lei 1 1 when all ihese acknowledgements are made concerning the laws which govern the material, universe, and all material forms, if ive turn to tl.e higher order of God's work?, in which he has associated, in human na ture, organized matter, with organic vitality and aninial consciousness, and sensibility and volun'ary moiion and intellectual and moral powers, and toffmri that human life and health, and thought and feeling are governed by laws as precise and fixed and immutable as.those wl.ich hold the planets in their or- bit?, nd cause all portions of each globe, to j press towards its centre mankind will, al- . most universally, without a pause for thought deny the truth of what we affirm, and contend that human life, and Jieahh, and disease'are mailers of entire uncertainty, governed by no lawsand subject only to the arbitrary control of Gad j or the blind necessity of fate f or the utter "contingency, of accident. They do not believe that there are any fixed taws of life .by the proper obedience of which, man can, with any certainty, avoid disease, and preserve health, and prolong his bodily existence," S. A. Babbitt. To Jb c c o n l i nu e d. ,i for the' Vermont Telegraph, ' CALI. FOlt DISCUSSION. TenV twelve weeks have elapsed since the publication of a call on Teachers in chrisrendom Merao fjr a discussion ol the' doctrine of the Judgment Uoi versal ists, Endless Misenans, Dstructionists and Rfs'OMtionists.4 I mach prefer how-, ever trl meet the support that may ; be adduced for endless punishment because, had that -neve been pYeach.d, neither , of the others, as I believe, would have aris en would ever have been named. The writer maintains without fear of success ful contradiction, that on the inconsistency of the system of endless misery is founded, principally, the doctrine of universal sal vation. And that, fiom the incredibility and extfa vagance ot the taller, some have been ted to embrace the doctrine of rcstor utionnm. Others -Mill, not finding, proof ;n e-rtrrtufi. f(ir tht'Stf. iiox in the heart a place for the doctrine of fudlesa damna tionVhave'jmbibed the final destruction of ihe'soul. : , -i .; l:.-:l;.' i - Vmm a critical and thoroash invest i a t ration of the sc.riptores, snouU the doc trine of endless torment want foundation hence the world bo disabused, and the Bibte washed from lhe stain ;"io expose the other se'ntimehu and consign them to oblivion 1 say, to forever put to Test the other persuasions, will be a task moreeas ily kdcomplUhed.' w lhe Scribe V where is the disouter of 'this world?" Is there not one lover. of truth . . : r - within the circuit of this periodical, that, i ).faithful to the cause of God in the woild, will enter the field of discujsion1?- wheth er a giant theologian or a humble lay man. "Not bntr among jhe many who preach the doctrine with unblushing bold- ness, thai will approach - the line in a sys- tematic manner ? - gird on the sword of the spirit (which is the word of God 1 and vindicate hil riht to sustain bv scripture I ... . -that many headed monster that KING of the " king of terrors," even aneterml hell,' a 41 lake i that burns with fire and brimstone or whatever such terms, by those who preach the doctrine, are em ployed to represent ? ' To ministers and preachers named be low, I have myself presented the Call to the Clergy, (Xo. 35 ) to which any who will take up the inquiry and a rgument, are referred for the, method of discussion. Also, thoughts addressed to the fcople, headed, " What do the Scriptures teach" 1 (No. 34 ) preparatory to the Call. The Catholic priest, Worcester, Mass. .. Mille riles. Reed, Boston., Prebble, Nashua, N. M.,' Destruction 1st?. . Orthodox. II. Moore, Milford, N. 11.. A. Bf Warner,' Milfjrd, N.'H., S. ,Lee, New Ipswich, N. H. S iplists. Strong,1' New Ips-1 wich, T. C. 'Camenter. Bald win vi!li'' Mass.,;. G.; Richardson, Millford, N; H. ,.... . r . - - D. D. Pratt, Nash u a , N. H ., -r Eat on, Bedford, N. H., Richardson, j fioiiis, N.n. '':::-r'-':i . These, clergymen all. seemed io mani fest a strange degree of apathy upon this subject.- Why is thU, Mr. Editor why is it, that while they are continually reit erating from sabbath tp sabbath what they say the scriptures : plain1 y tench, ; they manifest this unwillingness to engage in a discussion of what they teach ? - - . ' -T - w . ' . j . . i r? . a . , : t j. t , Four of, the, last. named clergymen 1 met in convention these only at that meeting being present. :' They admitted tti i" thesubjeci.was welghty. atid Uemnnd ed serious attention, l Wished to be con vened by themselves, and would give the sul ject that attention would " pray over it." I suggested that, at a future hour, they would g've us the result of their in quiries and consultations, but could' ob tain ho promise of an answer. B eing hard, pressed by each of us (t wo friends in the vicinity and myself,) a vote sustained their previous replies, to which was added " If the call should be accepted, ol course, it would be known.'.V V - ; The policy of this .course is seen ata glance. Should They decline to enter up on the prescribed'eobrse of scripture ex amination and discussion, a reason would be expected. And after having admitted the subject to be wejghty a yeighty reason should be rendered. ' ; ' ': : . . y-;r-'.-:x"i 'P :-f Cepjias. ! . p. S. Frfend Cotting : I addiess the remainder of this Call to one of whom I received the. last instruction in the lan1 guage I soeak. f I rejoice to leant "from vour letter in the .Telegraph-of Aug., 2, that vou still receive this valuable paper, Then why ' Ptrmi mo to interrorate. , h"iih:r.u it WranW to all. bv roWVelf cor7lknoJvRSy - 1. warfare for -the ac .iincr n; Sllnnnrtin? mv replies to fHend n.t..!; n.AlnP Nn. 10' and f t -a u0 nf n WorlJ.:o. iG Knd .17 ? (seeing that fricni did not reply to the same as requested ) And when yon b very fodndation stone for end- ess punishment was assaileu in an article on Probatidn (No. 21.)and when njde sunoorter Of truth,! teeter of error nor , aised a hand why was my friend sil- nd why has; he not .accepted the eot? And why, has he not .accepted Call for discussion, of which this reminds him, - or prompted to the work some expense ol otUer portion?, IDemsei ves in bolder friend to truth, if sucif there be,and eluded, whose, condition, also rtquires a- nernaps'of iriore leisure ? 'That ideomat- r ' - ' ' - -.' ic genius that once solved probieu;?, supr plied ellipses and resolved hard sentences those cower? of mind that could meas ore tbeublimest visions and behold the Oights of tbe poet, jf uofbljuded by tradi tion nor clouded by superstition, cao also penetrate the scriptures, nn ravel perplex- ities, and lhe deep tnmgs ot uoa maKe known. :Vv '.;.- . ' ' h This valuable paper.11 This remark on tbeTelegrapb. was made ttf reference to its columns being alike open to all al so io its labors, for Universal Inquiry and I Reform. Saw, m tnecpinioa ol tin-wnt: er, the Telegraph, to meet the wants of the human family, Should contain a larger proportion of scripture interpretation. For myself, I care not. how a man comes at the truth, or to a reform -whether by the scriptures, or if ho sees the Eternal by the things that are made, and turns his eye in wa rd God having given him a heart to feel, and powers of mind to tin- derstand ; as he saith, . 1 .will put my laws in their minds and write them in their hearts " Hence, he bv -Nature does the things contained in the law." . - Yet, taking into consideration the devot edness of ministers and; churches to the scriptures as their paramount guide the awe and reverence of people also, for the Bible: all of whom can be reached only through that source add to this .a want of love lor lhe truth, and a wide spreading infidelity, caused mainly, as the writer believes, by preaching from the scriptures, doctrines not to be found in the scriptures -I say under these circumstances, a re examination; and a new illustration of the same, can not but be of the first import ance. :" --r-'-y-'' - -" Consider for a moment, friend Cotting, the incomparable darkness ander which the church labor, known to be so from their several divisions on the' Judgment, as wide as.the extreme east from the far thest west not to name the infinite num. her 'of less differences on other topics some ol which are of orent moment, as the Atonement, Divinity of Christ, &c. '" Then, will my friend adopt the couise of examination prescribed in the call, and met t the wains of a " world lying in wickedness" ? Sure, you can not fear to meet vvur popil, to whom you once tend ered familiar the resolution of intricate in quires and elliptical sentences, by which he has shown to the priesthood and the world, that Hebrews ix: 27, does not contain the doctrine preached from it the popular quotation of the text effect ing a perversion of the sense. And as it. is appointed unto all men once lo die, and af.er 'oteailt the judgmrnt," The writpr firther maintains that this sentiment is not to be found in scripture clothedf in" any form of words.; ' " Yours iii sincerity fjr truth, y:-7r -y-:'y'P'-r: -y---'- C. UNIVERSAL IxatJIllY ASD KEFOtlM. .. , . .- ': From the Herald of Fisedom. Oakland, Ohio, July 4th, 1843. . Dear Brother Rogers : 1 would not press my vjews upon the consideration of yourself and the readers of the Herald, an anti slavery paper, through the medium of its columns, did I not feel entirely per suaded that they embody the only true anii slavejy doctrine, inculcate the only meth od by which the evil of slavery can be overcome, and are therefore in no degree extraneous matter.. Let us bear in re membrance the fact that negro slavery originated in, the philanthropic desire to ameliorate the condition of the aborigines of America. . And while we. labor to re store tbe descendants of the injured Afri cans in qu r land to the erj y ment of their ju-st; righis.'may we avoid a similar, or any error in the choice of means. , Shall we n)deuyor,to purily ouislvcs from thejla Sln f whatever oppiession. we have. habit-jdi 'nowledgement of human rights, shall we lramP5 ul human rights . ourselves ? ! l voa .a not refer to , the inconsistencies of abol.ition'sts if the Ltrests of Humanity peeled, and gasping in almost utter deso lation, did not demand it, for while they continue blind to tt.e extent and true appli- cation of their own priuciples, or false to ihem, in practice, whatever of . apparent i . . f . i. good ihey may.ttlect lor a portion oi me outraged sons of .uen will be limited, and ' I . . . - 'i : r . in . .f- j 'hn obtained paruy n nu wny ai uic j melioration; and often in an equal degree. it. - . . i . i I. . .u too Knt that m uoiinan wve me uegiu : 1 love MAN more, that I would ask, them; - 1 to poauer uerpiy upou iub attempting to substitute the wages system. for Ahc labor that is coerced by the lash. What is the argument that you offer to the slave hojder to induce him to relinquish the one system and adopt the other) Da yoa nol tell him that as- he has a monop oly of the land and all the other property, that if he wi'.V cease to feed and clothe the laborer, and to compel him to loil.throngh fear of the scourge, and rely upon the ne- ill cnmnpl him to perform more fur the employer at fellows. Hencg it is by no means won less cost, that his profits will be greater ? derful that the progress of the race has How eloquently and truly do many of j our anti slavery speakers and writers in veigh against the infernal scheme of Mc Donough to make a profit out of the pur chase of the slave's liberty, (so wuYcalled) while they propose to the poor sufferers in southern bondage, to effect the great boon of obtaining for them the privilege of buying their lives in a manner exactly similar ! Such are the inconsistencies in- to which we have fallen, by not survey-! ing thd whole ground over yhich we pro pose -to tread. I censure not the motives of ant slavery men and women in this mat-terj-these are, or may be, pure and heav en born-but I deplore the ignorance un der which they suffer, the blindness in not perceiving that if a man is entitled natu rally to any portion of the proceeds of his labor, he is equally entitled to the whole of it, that if it is wicked to consume the prin cipal proportion of the products of his la bor which has "been coerced through fear of the lash, it is as wicked at least, to con sume a greater proportion, which has been coerced through fear of starvation. I la ment that they do not perceive the sin is the same when the products of the white roan's labor arc thus consumed, as it wonld be if his skin were black-not that they make such a difference in words, but that they do in eflect. It is to induce them lo base their efforts at reform upon principle.upon such foundation that it shall be impossible, while aiming to subserve the interests of one portion, that they shall be found violating the rights cf another portion, effecting whatever of apparent good they may accomplish for the few at the expense of the many, that I venture thus to ask their attention. What are those principles, and on them only, upon which true reform may be founded? I They are the natural or Divine laws-en- stamped upon the constitution of man by his' creator, and from the operation of which he can in no degree escape, being compelled to yield obedience to them, br to sufler the penalty of their "violation which an aTl"wise ahd'all merciful Father has coupled with them to teach man his own highest frood.- " -' The institutions ' of reen, educational, civil, religious and social, have sprung up, as already expressed, through accident and without scarce any reference 'to these i ,-: r ' " . , : ... r- laws, anatnereiore it is no wonaer tne south is filled with misery, and suffering, with disease, degradation and crime. The only means of escape from these pen alties is to return to obedience to, the via lated laws-the only method by which in dividuals can hope to return, is by associ ated action to arrange in accordance with them, the institutions and customs of "soci ety, which form ana control the human being. This is what is needed, a social as welL, as physiological reform -a whole and perfect obedience to God's laws. Since the interests of the whole race are inseparable, since all must enjoy of suffer together, it is evident this reform can nev er be complete while a single human be ing continues to live in violation of these avvs, but an approximation to perfect obe- ience can be made by the associated ac tion of comparatively a small number, and this approximation shall become nearer and nearer the greater the number who embrace it, until the millenium, the great desire and anticipation of the nations, will be established upon earth. As man has ! fallen to his present wretched condition, , (.lot by the fabled eating of the fruit of the tree which gives knowledge of good and evil, but by just the opposite, the refusal to investigate, and to know, and to live the good, and shun the evil,) by a series of gradations-the sins of parents being visited upon their decendants, through the operation of ihat "natural law by which the physical conformation, upon which depends physical health, as well as mental and natural deveiopement, is transinilted from parent to child, so must the restora' tion ot the race to its pristine . perfection be gradual, through the improved physi cal conformation which will be transmit ted to the ollspring of these who, shall yield obedience, as nearly as practicable to these natural laws. Ignorant of the ex istence cf the true nature and operation of these physiological, mental and social laws, reformers in all ages of the world bave been systematically yiolating certain portions of ihem, while attemping to ob tain obedience to others of tHem by their een S10w anu ihafmolviod as a whole, are now much further from the truth than in any past age. For although intellect ual deveiopement has advanced, it has generally been in unprofitable directions. It is not my purpose here to attempt to de velops particularly these branches of nat ural Jaw, the physiological and mental, but allude to them to observe that a kno wl edge of, and obedience to these are essen,- Ua 10 enab!e the individual to practice 'the third-the sociaU I place the oTahized church and priest hood at the head of those evil institmioas and customs which afHict society, and re tard its progress, for the reasons that they are professedly designed for man's ref ormation, and while they take no cogt.i zance themselves of the existence cf lilic ly the whole of these laws, they proposj some other way-some external aud super--natural agency for the regeneration of tbe race, and thus amaze and deceive the mind of the individual, who if taus'ut to seedc salvation through the operation of an imaginary faith. Obedience to Gu'j laws is not only not required Ly the pro fessors of this saving faiih4 but it is vehe mently asserted by them to be impractica ble. The God of their inruion ' h-u placed men in a situation where they c?.:i not avoid the commission of sin, end then! sits in judgment upon them for their ticeJa and saves such of them as he fancies to save from the consequences, on account of the sufferings and death of another, His son and a part of himself 1 ' The teach ings of these organizations are consequent ly devoted to the imagined means for pro curing happiness to the individual here after, without reference to what may be his condition here.- Thus are the minds of men turned from the investigation cf these lalvs under which they have been placed", and in a superstitious hope of eler-" nal enjoyment,-they neglect to employ the only means to procure it. . The existence, ' even, of these natural laws is comprehend-" ed by but a limited portion of the race, and it is but natural to pronounce that institav tion of society the most hurtful, which di verts the mind from investigation, or flat ly prohibits it. As might be expected, these presuming expounders of Divine law are ignorant of the true nature, extent and bearing of that social law which they assume to be within their special province :- to teach. With the text Thou shalt love tby neighbor as thyself, frequently upon their lips, we find ihtm maintaining gen erally that war, slavery, the punishment of crime by loss of life, or liberty, are in accordance with GodV will and law The individual property system also, fro nv which these spring, they universally endorse.- If a millenium isever to exist upon cafth it must have a beginning. The question is, shall those who believe now in the principles which are then to prevail, live them out now, and thus afford such a beginning, or shall we wait on, and on, the world perishing in wretchedness and sin, for some supernatural agency to re store the race to purity and happiness? A conviction that our social institutions arethe hindering influeno.s which pre- -vent man's progess to his good, and mus: be superseded by better, seems to actuate ihe minds of individuals in various por tions of our country. Simultaneous! v and without correspondence with,cach other, associations have sprung up with this de- sign in view, in both our eastern and west-' em slates. These will be very liable to fall into the same errors which have foiled the efforts aud blasted the anticipations cf reformers who have preceded them, by failing to take the whole of the natural' laws now understood as their basis, and proceeding in lhe investigation of such as are not yet comprehended. If they do, these will experience disappointment. To; succeed there must be no- compromises with the present institutions of men, at the sacrifice of any known principle. There must be no violation of .God's laws thro fear of the consequences of faithfully auher- ing to them It is upon this rockthat lfear the wreck of the present movement to iw troduce ; a better ider of things, upon Which subjea t wish . to offer some l re marks in a future number. ; . .. v . A. Brooke.. It is stated that as soon as Trinity churehin New York, ia completed, relig ious services will be performed in it dily, the same as io the Cathedral churches ia . England us I r r ' y. I., r,