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;;tau-: k. minku fc c. A. $ si:i;o.. 1! it I i Introductory. !ltU Urn a ty the .uI.'k-!. m tU Urn a by tl thin, il firt i-u- uf Ti- Mn iihti(i J.t ei , that be J "" f ' ;V welly journal in the U -j ,t IW.,aii gton County, is aW.it l n:" Jaimv.w from the !.-rtr M'Ii ! l;a htm k. gt w rou-iy ai-1 "'n'ta,)) t x KiIv4 in tie initiation of W r,i rj.ri-e, we tac Ui toUlicve that it n -4. only tie i.i of firii influrn.r naturally rmi-pire to thU oljvct, to n-t'.-l-r our i.4.-rti.Ving 0(4 on' an rxnm sit, lut a rmafu nt ucw. Ctiuntry Journal an- i!k- trilm- I. i fr ua wlkl, to no m;U! cxt. rtt, thtr mammoth orgam of tie MctrojIiian re4 recti c tie element tf tluir xnT; it is II. er. tlai en; Iff on fpm tie ever oliany- r T. Uig wrrne of luman n- tiviiy, tl.p iin i.li.! tl.ul 4ImW tic clararlfr.tif irtrv, an4 tlio wanl of f r-ty. Why, tl.n, fl!l ll' Mr vall-y. where roviiie ife lu to lav i.44y U'stowe4 in cloiccet j-ref nt, lulluw i -4 to by el r ihc4 n luliiiM-ciircs of State ami national tenown, aii.l never UTore more j.ro.per ou in tie eutrrpiine anJ ind 41igf nee of it iiilalitanu, longer fail to .urti.-ite 4i rcctty in tl.e formaliou of pullic lentiment. or continue longr to fin4 a voice only in tic orsan of iiter commun5t'n' ? Tie country tiew-fpHiu-f, as we view it, U eminently a popular itli utioii ; it lioull not be con4uet'4 ol !y for personal or uierocnarjr olject ; nor louUl it ;!: only to create ami control public opinion, Lut also (o furnish tie means ly wlicl public opinion may fin.l utterance. It N our desire, that in 4ue time tlU Joiinia! may becoino lie medium f. r the ex;ues sioit of tie best llought on those mbjceSa, whWl from time to time may interest tie eoinimmity. llemenibering tlat our success niut al ways necessarily depend much uj.on tie eonfi.lence ami apjirobatiou of oar patrons, we slall doubly need their support at the present lime, embarking as we now do, tiKin an untried voyage. Our views in reference to political Mil jeets, w ill appear from lime to time in sub sequent issues. It is worthy of remark, that for tie first time in our national his tory, n unanimity of sentiment perva4e the entire nortlern press. The spirit of party las given plaeo to an universal pntriotim. There is presented (lie sublime spectacle of a united press ami people, actuated with the same ear nest love of country, seeking the same great object, the supjort and prefcrvnikm of the American Republic So Id it be, till our national ensign shall again float in eeurity over our dismantled forts, nnd till ur misguided brethren delirous with re bellion, shall lave returned again to lleir. just allegiance, or slall have terminated in traitor's graves, the career of their mad ambition. Secession. It is not less difficult to preserve liberty than to obtain it. Eternal iilance is in deed the only price of this blessing ; her foe like (he minions of darkness, wage a war w hich knows neitler truce nor defeat. Despotism, like the Protean monster of ancient mythology, often seeks by disguise (he accomplishment of her accursed ob jects, The inveterate enemy of fee itutitu tiona in a new form of treachery and de ceit, at length raises its head in the midst of the American Republic. Secession, the ghastly off-pring of a puny aristocracy, tie false light 0 narrow prejudice and misguided ignorance, the last hope of dis appointed ambition, attempts the disinte gration &f the national government. A a theory, it i iknply alu-urd ; there Is no logical proces under heaven able to breathe into it the breath of life; like tie ignii fituus of its native swnmp, it shrink awtty, as a "guilty fling," lefoie the light of reason and truth. Ad nit the right of secession and ycu sap the very foundation of all government. How is it that ece?sion pertains lo a Flute exclu sively ? If a right, does it not belong ns willlo every individual citizen? Seces ion is tie riglt of unbridled license, the riglt to break, at pleasure, the most bind ing obligations, and to destroy with impu nity, the most sacred slrit.es of liberty and justice. In ihoit.it is nothing more nor less than anarcly, tie bitterest foe of hu man piogrrsa and the immediate precur sor of drtpotiscn and ruin. The present manifestation of the seccs tionUu is either a revolution or a rebellion. If a revolution, it tecarily imp'ies tl.e unjust administration of th existirg gov- ernroent, or some great natural and vital rtuaes which necessitate a separate nation - alijr. That our gorernanmt has r.evcr jl and eef.stiti.. ilj 1. ' t-k iis li'1' i ;m I 15 ;.vr I 1. tic ' .trtt.-!jM..,;iit .;. t ami 1! ' i. f..f -u.4 h i uuMM'srv U fettilj this, t,.;: .lv a miulof our political bit rv. !.;! n ttt tl.e avrM't K.utU Caro- In. , I'f prvat .;..!,. r of Sccc.-ion, h her r. .-. i l add:, s to I J -pV ! Lo! liny S:a!- i. the lat'- , ; . (f ilf' ( i i:.4 Siaics it ha J n jfnrMatt-wiian- j 4 l rl.ip wl.iih hu y'f it i " ni ,-l.ty i Ui wfr n-l rs,.aiiMtm." lie who claim that any Slate in tli.' .inrnti'nrl !.11 Hl-f 1HI1U l.lT rftOIUtU'll ... , t, . ...,,,. i t.i tl... in..ft rtii.l nnrirt.itl of the nation . . . i -i I al tfovernmenl, is devoid either ot n axm or common scne. Nor docs there vxhl ! nnv natural cause for the separate nation ality of any portion of our confederacy. Jlic moon ol Iliete Males was me u-miu of aliiioft irresistible natural forces. A long Hue of unprotected sea coat and , frontier, neces-ible at all times to foreign ... i ,v. P1. ' una-iui; the joint jKseMou, by iiitHTeiit i J ' J nn I rei.wle M-etions of the great channels j of inland navigation, and their ocean out-; lil: a common language 5 the siiniu in-i teiiM !..ve of free iititut'ions ; tle-e were j . , i . . 1 1 1 1 1 .1 the chief cause wind kd to tie , anions formation of the American Union. These causes exil to-d;iy stronger than ever be fore. If we suppose, as wo well may, tlat Truvidence las marked out the sur face of the earth and prescribed by natu ral boundaries the limits of nations, it is plain to be seen that the union of these States is in accordance with the design and will of God. Like sheaves 11 the harvest, they must be bound together lo withstand the violence of the storm and tempest. Of all w retches the patricide is the most abject and detestable. He. who without just cause wantonly seeks his country s ruin or dishonor, has indeed reached the lowest steps of infamy; and yet there are those who, after laving been honored by the highest places of ti u.t and confidence, would lay their unholy hands upon the very foundation of our national existence, ami with a treachery unexampled even by the atrocious Cataline, would plunge the dagger into the very life blood of our national greatness and honor. Tor such wretihcs it is indeed unfortunate that Providence reserves its punishments for another existence. Were it not so, heaven would no longer permit the earth to be polluted w itli iheir presence. They would perish in the beginning of wickedness, cut off by tie swift arrows of Divine ven geance. Nor is this seditious outbreak of trilling importance. The leaders of this great conspiracy have endeavored with no lit tle success, through a long course of treaeh- , n. . r . .1 .1 e V ' ' -V "'I w , . the slaveholding sections of the confeder acy; until, to them intoxictted with un real visions of future greatness, our nation al constitution and government appear, not as they really arc, the only preservers of tht-ir just rights, but the barriers of hap piness nnd glory. And this is not all. A new government has been established within our limits; strange and odious ban ners float over our mints and fortresses; the great channel of our Western com merce is subjected to an armed surveil lance ; open piracy is practiced upon our navy anil merchantmen; while hostile troops prevent the execution of our laws, and with impunity threaten the safety of our rapilal. It is not to be denied that a great crisis has arrived in the history of the American j further investigations, and las not been Republic. The " times that try men's ! officially declared. It strikes us that such souls "are again upon us. The strength 'a position by the English government of the American government is about to be ! would be untenable ; and could be account tested. It is to be determined how deeply j t'd for only on the expectation that it tic institutions of tie country are seated j would prove immediately advantageous to in the hearts of the people, and whether , their cotton trade. by them, in the absence of any just cause, open violations of the national compact arc lo he suffered w ith impunity ; whether peace and prosperity lave impaired the J portatiotis for the present. The perma-patrioti.-m of the American people, or! nent establishment of a Southern Confed whether it still exists in its original vigor. , eracy would, tor obvious rea'ons, be ad van It is to he determined, too, whether Afri-1 tageous to the commerce of England, can slavery, the relic of barbarism, and j Yet we do not believe that in this great the disgust of tie civilized earth, is to di- vide with liberty the possession of the con- tinenf. If we may judge from present indica- tion, the American people will prove themselves adequate to the awful emet- pency. That hiddeu impulse which las been implanted in the human breast for the maintenance of society has burst forth in the fulnes of its vigor. The great heart of the nation has been touched ; the national pu!e beats high w ith patriotism. Legions of armed freemen kneel ia the prer-nce of Heaven and swear by1 the liv-! .... - ins Cod that the Union of these State. 5 Liti. be maintained. fits C. . K V .v,..m men, Americano, to participate in tie approach i ing contest. Trusting ia the God of your, 1 fathers rescue the government from its surrour.dirg dangers. To you is presented U tj'j ,i!v ..." '.';,. tiir--h. k.velaru. - l fu-iti them llal bfe t fcot tie j nuot prvwous t'vM m m. To von i!. in tare is l.jisht with ln-nc. It has hitherto; btui tls summit uf glory to have fuiiglt ijr ll.e iinii iicn-J. it.-c jit i .e iift.u . he t it willtmciiiir Mr more pumm u, fay.;i..an-. ami at n.e i;m- m i. . ... ..... ..r " I !tH4 iii artii fr tli? j-re.--rtatU.ti .f Iit-54 tl.c jn.-i'.i.in vf Jl.iiur f 'loj.t U.i. Aii! n j)cn;rii. :ii. tin 1 ia ;!t li , The LfLn-Lvim-, in m s.-'wn nl TmV:. ' ' ..ff..... :...,' ... irmi: v. mi i.irutuMut, - - Our Relations With England.; Tlit' lalot 4i;U'lu- from KnglntiJ i-tate thut American nlTairs engross tin ., e i i - -.. i . . i ! 6 I II to tie en1 rdinatiou of all oiler topics. in reidv to certain cp.ief tions pr. iKHind- i i i i I l'u ,w m vommmiS u, v. Lewis swke as kI.ow? : It is in the contemplation of llcr Majes- . i a M.j, v. .mi., ii. u i-iic n ei oeiiu.jHUOll fur )f cailli,mitlg u H.r Majesty' subjects ag-insi any interference in the ho-'ili:ies between the Northern and Sou.'h. ni Stales of Atneri-a. In that proelini:ttion the general ell-ct of the eom- nion statute law 0:1 the neuter will Ma ( ,(l Ti(, M1,.r,1, p,.;,,,.;,, ()f our j,,v j, t,Ht no !nii.-ji suhjeet cUnl enter into the service of any foreign l'rince or Tower, or WA v llu.t n av be cur- I MM I'll Uf'MI UVtl illlV IMU itlfi"I UUV. J ; To reign Kiilistmcnt Act in the cure ftip-l posed, it would not be proper for me to undertake to lay it down, in:i-.rmich as the construction of any statute is matter for II 1111 l...7JI 1 k IO IV. fi .V l.V lU judicial detifion rather than for any opin ion of tny own. I lie general bearing of tl.e law will, however, as I have said, be set forth iu the proclamation. Sir J. Ru sell also made the following' remarks : The Attorney and Solicitor General, and I lie Queen's Advocate, and the Vvvenu incut hare come to the njrinina that the Southern Cuufuicrary uf Auirrivax occur diiiij In (hose principlet which teem U. them to Lv just principles, nt 11st lis (reuleJ us a belligerent. Hear, hear. Tut further questions ari.-e out of that question, with respect to which we are still in doult as what are the alterations which are to be riut'Je in the law of nations in consequence of the declaration of Paris ; and those questions being of a dijjicult and intr icate nature hare not been determined upon. They are stiii under the consideration of the (lovernnient, and will be still further con.Milcrcd, before any declaration is made toother Towers. Hear, hear. Ty the di -patches of the Ktna it ap pears that the English Government lave issued a proclamation, to the following ef fect : THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT WILL, RE. MAIN STRICTLY NEUTRAL. A proclamation has been issued by he 15riti--h Government relative to nfl'aifs in the United States, warning. T.ritish sub jects against engaging in the American war, and all doing so will be held respon sible for their own nets. The proclamation declares the intention of that Government iu maintaining-' the sirietesi im partial neutrality ueiwcen l'.tisr- land and the Government of the United Suites, and certain States styling them selves the Confederate States of America. It warns all British subjects, if they enter the military service of either side, or join ships of war, or transports, or attempt to get recruits, or fit out vessels for war pur poses or transports, or break or endeavor to break any blockade law fully or actually established, or carry soldiers, dispatches, or any material coi.traband of war, for either party, they will be liable to all the penalty ami consequences, nnd will do so tit their peril, and in nowise obtain the protect ion of their Government. Although the Engliah government have determined to recognize the so-called Southern Confederacy ns a belligerent, with the right of commissioning priva teers, yet this decision appears as yet to be ineohnte merely, conditioned upon But this view of the subject is negated by the full recognition of our blockade, which must effectually check all cotton ex- contest in which the dearest interest of ; humanity are involved, that the English i government w ill regulate their conduct by j such mercenary considerations. And if ! she should, judging from the English press, the people ot that nobla nation, true to her great character and ler pat history, will ' in due time set the government aright. j Obituary. : It becomes our mournful duty to record , the death of one of our former townsmen, 1 : Hon. II. F.Otis, of Topeka, Kansas. He j died in that city on the 9th inst., from the ' ! .... ... effecU of a fall occasioned bv atennintr ' f. m est-V fl.w.r larr..- at 11!,.),! i - imui m nwim Biu.j ...... v . Oe'"!ri,tertiKmewhit unwriain. , ... I of stairs had recently been removed, thus i ' i fatally injuring the brain. Mr. Otia, at'gjg the time of IU death, was about forty-five years of age. He was a native of Danby,1 Vt., wlcte !,c i. r d. 4 ui.t.1 ,-: f, c a He Mnou-1 ta liU in I If spring if 11 J-- J a I riHiaSit Jii'.i licet i"i I , ta..rkcl atTibiUty of manners. In 1MJ he rri rcs me.i m nwuvc mu mi mr . :..f..,. I.,f l,;..U.. ,r,,nrn. ,1 hi iiu nnvinn.. i .. ... tlawi ........ s .... .i (..!! r r . i i ! .'.ll I. ...... - .- . p'ii.i trsi.Knion.i The national t!a-w..i r . l.ii...... T!, .... l t),, . ' Sl.tti' s Allorm v i rt inl i makiiisf prepa di'i laye.l : hull o.a-t. 1 !n-e aiiJuUu rj .. lr'itiiii. 1..r n th..ri.l!.Mi In vi-.t i;.l t. ;tl ol Hi marks of resju-ct evince tie r.-timation in wlicl tie decea-ed wa held in his new I home. Though his re.-idenee 1 ere was of t,hort duration, it :. long em ugh for us to learn to love and admire him. Many iirni fiiends here W ill long eheii-h the remembrance of his uuiniy virtues, nnd in sympathy with lis deeply afflicted family, will mourn his unt.iu.-lv death. LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. Until permuiHiit arrnngi-tiir nts can t made fur llmt jjiirjM-.., w lope our frii!. a ill remcm t ir to sen I us Mini, items cf local news a- umjr l0 uf public iiiterest. Ti vruins" Institi'Tk. A Teaclu-rs' Institute fur lWt.ni.igli n Coutitv, will be l.c!d at Arling ton, on the Mill nnd 1'itli bf June next. J P. Adam, Fecrciory of tl.e Yct muit Itonrd of Edu cation, will be present. Let the friends of popu lar education see that there is a good attendance. Oocntt Court. Tl.e June Term of tl.e Coun ty Court for Bennington Coiiniy, will be opened at Manchester, gn the 4th of June. Judge L. (.'. Kellogg is expected to preside, assisted by Hon. Amri Benson and Hon. Martin Muttison. ' From the appearance of tl.e Docket, the Term promises to be one of unusual interest. Br referring to our advertisements, it will be seen that G. W. Smith, at Factory Point, is doing business iu the store formerly occupied by A. (J. Chirk, Esq., nnd that lie hns made large addi tions to his slock of goods That t'le Eijuinox Company offer a large assortment of nil kinds of goods at their establishment. Ciinfield & Chain bcrlin, at Factory Point, nnd C. N. Bennett nt Manchester Village, are ready to supply all do- j mands in the way of Furniture and Cabinet work. Ready Made and Custom Ch thing of all kinds can bo had at S. A. Milieu's. These are opportunities which purchasers ought not to neglect. A Good Ixstitctio.v. Our f.ieud lr. L. II. Sorague, has opened nt Manchester, what in our view has long been needed, a Wn er-Cuie Estab lishment. The Doctor's cxtcntive experience in his former practice will be of great service in this eiuerpriso. To those who with Hood can say, " We have no health in us," wo would confident ly recommend a trial of the Doctor's treatment. Indeed, we are inclined to think that a moderate degree of sickness, under bis charge, would be quite a satisfaction. Vie prophecy for the Dr. in ihis enterprise, that success which he so eminent ly deserves. We are glad to learn from the proprietors of our Hotels, that notwithstanding tho present dis aster, the prospect is for an unusually large at tendance of visitors during the ensuing season, most of the rooms having already been engaged, Since the last season many additions and improve ments have been made to these establishments by their enterprising proprietors, w hich w ill be sure to be appreciated by thoBO w ho arc so furtuna:o as to become their gnosis. To those who wish to find a tnfe retreat " re mote from wars," for their wives and children during the coming summer, wc can say thut this valley is admirably environed by mountain de fences, while Nature exhibits herself here in her grandest and most attractive forms. Tub Dokset Military Conpant. A large number of the citizens of Dorset Village and vi cinity, including many of the venerandi ef hone randi, met on the Tillage green Saturday eve ning last, for the patrioiic purpose of forming a Military Company. Af er brief remarks by Hon. II. K. Fowler and H. E. Miner of Manchester, nnd some military movements under the direc tion of Col. I. N. Sykes, it was ordered to meet again on Wednesday afternoon next, fur the pur pose of electing penuunent officers and complet ing the organization. Col. I. N. Sykes was cho sen temporary captain, aud directed to carry out the foregoing order. This movement speaks well for the patriotism tf the citizens of Dorset. Would it not be well to form similar companies in other towns in this vicinity We arc informed that such a company was organized gome weeks ago in East Dorset, aud under the charge of Capt. James B. Wood boa made considerable progress in the military art. Ia this way, at a trifling expense of time and money, the military rudi ments might be learned, and organizations ef fected which in the future might prove of great advantage. Ritebt Ahead. Seymour Ilarwoad, Esq., of Rupert, a few days since sheared from a yearling ewe of hit owa raising, a fleece weighing eleven pounds and four ounces, and a good quulity of wool at that. LabgcTroiT. Two trout weighing two lb, each, were caught a few days siuce in Sunder land, and by way of Dr. Ketchum, found their way alive and hopping into the fountain in from of the Equinox House. 0. J. Burton also caught a trout Monday af lernoon, in the I'aCer.kill, near the residence of Z.iruh Hurd, which weighed two pounds aud a quarter. A Sad Accidcht. Dca. Asa Simon h of Peru, met w ith a serious accident on Monday afternoon, i i. .u. e..w. t. .1.1 i. ... v p0int. The shed was much decayed and yielded to the violence cf the wind, which blew with the S116' fu7- r. Simond is at present at ti e lltwJ t t. O, f . n i?l, t 11 T k r. I rk n.n.. I.Im IT. ! "n M,00M u,e w ""m m' III Ills collar bone and two cf Lis ribs were broken, . i. iii an uilb unni HHiajintHi r iiatrniKisr or r f n .... t i . . .1 n . . Tax BeJisitscTO t'sioa Gtuwi bar beta muttered into the mke Vir, stt.Ure fl,r t,slI.1Ai ,..Uil .i-u.n. mmmmt I I ll 'Uf tt',y f,', n. Vl it A I '', ! J.IVt rj-''J STATU ITEMS. r I l..i;,t.m. U tn-.t t., hi.rpc- l . (iov. r;rl.ttnk ! fI- I"'" -V'".'"'"- M I,,ir j .;,n a h l-.Mr.J ,f.kr:M.:V ( si; Ktmaiu tt.c 'il .r.l i- - .. ... -ii ..! . IV '1 I... i .!..,.!,.. i i ..! r...! . ,: .i(..,4 )lf u nA. S. il Si. Ji.!iirt'nrv. 'Ih.-v j i ,.,.ii,.,, f !.;,!, r.-i.u!:i!lim iii .i; i hilt in JW.Vu in th'. county, and f. , , - . 1 or a thorough mvectigatiou 01 the matter. The next nmnial ,. f I (onvei.tioii ot the TiotCitiiit Tpi-copnl Chureli of Veimo.it will be in Hui lingion on the oil of June. Mr. T.. S. Ihma of Cornwall, assUtimt elcik of tie Vermont limine of Ueprescn tatives, has been appointed to u Clciktdiip 111 the I'eji'.snmcnioi tne interior, 1 . . . i t C - ' 1'i.i.r.n (1 . .iu niv . ; ident fiir tie apiKJiiilinent, ns t.overuor ot , 1 ', i ii : .r - - I tab Territory, o Mr. Harris, ol er- ' . ' , . i " , nion , who was sent out several vcaisngo , , . i-ii w . ...., r by Tresi dent li mors as Secretary of . , i v .. . . , said lerrnorv, under lingluim loueg. at the time when the serious tliiTieuHics 1.. twceii the Federal Government and the. Mormons began, Fifiy-.-ix organized companies of volun teers have offered themselves lor enroll ment in the two liCiniciils, which are to be at once formed and sent into encamp ment to drill. From these tie twenty companies requited have been selected, nnd thirty-six of course, rejected to their gi tat disappointment. Messrs. Fait batiks of St. Jolnsbury, have recovered G,MiO damages of h New Orleans man, for infringement of n patent, but the Court refuses to order the money collected, because the Fairbanks nre Northern men. The Republican Stale Convention, in preparation for the September Slate elec tion, meets at Monlpelier, June 20lli. Kev. William S. T.alch of Ludlow will deliver the oration before tie Vermont Historical Society at its annual mictiag in October. From the London Economist. The Probable Results of the War. Tl.e war will draw togeller the Norll ern States as they lave never hern drawn together yet will (each them the ull-iui-portuut character of the slavery issue will sweep the political horizon of those peity political controversies which lave long frittered away the attention of states men, and diverted them from the really great issues which were slowly maturing leneatl the surface of society and, final ly, will impress them with the absolute necessity ot a closer union, a stronger cen tral power, a suppression of those repul sive forces which keep Slate and .-state jealous and apart in one word, with the duty of turning the Federal Government into n really supreme power. Such, we think, may, and most probably will be, one result of the disastrous conflict in which the United Slates arc now engaged. As a secondary and casual advantage, the struggle will liberate from the author ity of tho llorder States all those sections w hich are already prepared and anxious to extinguish Slavery. This would be difficult to effect without tie war. While the Slate organization is still pci feet, the stronger parly will carry the Stale. For example, in Virginia the Slate has de lar v'd for the South ; but Western Virginia is almost entirely in sympathy with the North. Again, in Kentucky there seems to be a very large Northern pnrty, ami the same is true of Tennessee. Nothing but war, probably, could dissolve those State chains which bind the reluctant freeman to the corrupt and corrupting domestic insti tution in such cases as these, hut war will enable these fragmentary States, cha fing under their latetul connection with dis tricts of quite different political tendencies, to acheive their lilerty and seek the per fection of the Union. This would be in itself no small gain. Hut the one gain which compensates tie North for tie hor rors of civil war is the growth of genuine Republican conviction to which it will probably give rise ; the learning of the great lesson, tlat there can bo no hearty jiolitical alliance between Freedom and Slavery, and no genuine freedom w ithout a strong central Government, and thesur-. render of those atomic jiolitical privileges which minister to lucid jealousies and gen eral uiiarchy. For the South we sf e no possibility of a good issue for the war which it statesmen have provoked and commenced. Tie greater their temporary success, the great er their humiliation. Their policy seems to usable and masterly, but utterly short sighted. To rouse by gratuitous insult, the mettle of a nation llueo times as num erous, and more than three times as pow erful, to force them, by aggressive steps, into a struggle which the sympathy of ev ery free and civilized nation will be with i the North, seems like tie madness of men whose eyes ore blinded and hearts harden-. ed by the evil cause they defend. Had ! they been wise, (hey would have trusted j all to delay and their own obstinate pur - pose. As it is, they rush on a war which, j whether it end in their mere exhaustion,! or in the horrors of a servile insurrection, j cannot but end in humiliating disasters, ! which w ill excite no pity, because they have been positively courted by the South-1 era leaders. ; The New York IVt learns from lie best authority that it is the opinion of our j cheif military men in Washington, that j the southern rebels are half beaten al-; ready, and that Gen Ueau regard him- ! self deeply regrets lis present t-osition. and that he has written a letter to that ef- , feet. VA NEWS. V I'nr t , liirrd nt t hii It -Ion. Tint in i m, M-'v 1. mu-wyu lo nm l!.r Ll-iml.-. . M, n u'"'' I ' X;y-y:tr4. The irie clip i CH U.;i., itli a ct. fliil mriro. u l.ire i-'tli..ii UU-Z !(. It . ... . ( i i fii-p''tc lilt huh nr.t inumiuint l j war arc concealed under lie salt. ! She was comiiuut.lcd by I apt. Fi:l , .1 .. t... 1.. '., ..-.I......! .1... in I'lini. (11 m.iiii nuns; iiihi'ii n 11 'ii inw , ' , .ml...- .nl nwn l.w ..it.i ..I flit, i-r-....- .- .-...v v ...... She had two Seir.iwn Hags flj ing. Tiiti.vnriitHi. Miiv 21 T. M. Cup!. Totalis denies having known anything of the blockade or display of an. cession flugv After his vessel was brought tc by a shot fioni the Xiagura, he was fur- ! 1. id.e.l with a passport to proceed to ant H'U.eillll. Ill- IIOI -I e.l IV ll.l 111 HI 1 11 I IIB . v ... 1. 11.1...: . 1 .. .1 . 1 . ,i initials of ll.e owntis, ami the vcscl was . . . , . ,, sensed on (he supt-osiiion that the (lag , . , " . . was a signal to tl.e shore. I he m-comou .T . , . , . Ihi'-s which were on board belonged to r .1 . i I IKK, the former captain of the vessel, ' The (in at 11. ij Itnt'ing at Washington. WasiiixuTon, May 22. At noon, to-day, an immense concourse of ciill.usiaslie persons attended the raising of the Anieiieau 1'l.ig -ver the general Tost office buililin;'. The Tresidcnt and Cabinet w ere send 4 on a platform together with M Vcnil oiler distinguished gentlemen. Gen. thinner in belli If of the olJleers nnd clerks of the Departments opened the proceeding . The TrcMilciU hoisted the flag by a hand-over-hand movement ami.l deafening cheers. When the flag was up, three cheers were given it and repeated. The Tresidcnt said be was very happy on nil occasions to be the humble instru ment of forwarding the very worthy object which bad been expic.-sed, lie Iherelore took pleasure ii) so doing. The Trcsideht again appeared in front of the platform, saying it ocuirred to him that a lew words would be appropriate to this occasion. .Several weeks ago the Stars ami Stripes bung hiuguidly about their stuffs all overlie Union suit wis to-day when this (!sg was ruled, hut this glorious breeze has unfolded it. and it now floats as it should. lie hoped ll.e same breeze was now spreading out our glorious Hug all over tl.e nation. This expression in t will n general nnd enllusiasiii: reception from tie multitude. In commenting upon the skillful nnd coinprelensive preparations at head ipuir-. lets, the New York Commercial Adccr titer says : ''In this systematic, gradual, but sure hemming in of his udvcisuiy, the geuiiM of Wiiilield Scott shines in its clearest lustre. It is said that on i ne occn?ioii u r. murk was made to him respecting this peeulimi ty of his strategy, and he playfully replied, " When I am going to catch a rat, 1 al ways see to it that all bis holes are lirst stopped." Strong Vote in Whcclliiu against errftlon. WiiKiaiNC, Va., May 2.1. The city lo-ih.y east 2'tlit voles against the ordinance of secession, and S t for tnt ilication. Nothing salislaclory can be. heard from the western eouniiiy, 20D0 rebel troops are in Alexandria to day where the election is progressing.- No one dared vote lor the Union, Senator I'oot nt Washington. New YoitK, May 23. Senator Foot is actively urging the ac ceptance of two more Regiments from Vermont. A special Washington dispatch lo I he Tost says : " All troops here received fresh orders this morning in I ready for mar ching at a in im nt's noiice." The Goverment don'l intend to be ta ken by surpr'se. A large number of troops are expected during tho week. Further particular of affairs at Alexna. drin. New Yokk, May 21ih. A special dispatch to the Tribune gives the following additional particulars of af fairs at Alexandria. Col. Ellsworth was shot dead bile descending the Muirs of tho Marshal House, w ith a secesion flag which he had torn down from the stuff on the roof. The murderer was instantly dispatched by F. E. Urow iii II of Troy, private in Company A., Ellsworth's Regiment. The Colonel was shot between ihc third an4 fourth rib, shattering the fourth rib, tie slugs entering lie left artery of ll hrnrt, destroying all integuments with which it came in contact. The oiler charge of ihe gun, a double barreled one entered the waiimcotting near him. The Colonel fell on lis face, only ..xclaiming, My God, nnd blood gushed from bis wound with profu sion so as to drench the ei tire passage. A few seconds afterward he uttered a low ! moan, but his eyes w ere instantly fixed and he ceu-ed to breathe, He was laid upon a bed in a room near ' land with lie re lei flag stained with l' blood, and now a troply to lis glory, alwut his feit. The man who killed him was J. W. Jackson, keeper of the Marshall House. He must have died suddenly, as he was slot through the head and w as afterw arils un th ouuh the body with a sabre bayonet of the same private. His wife presently discovered the fatal- ity and approaching the body uttered mo.-t agonizing cry and although treated with tie utmost consideration that could be offered her in h r misery, she remained a long time in the wildesi skite of frenzy. The house was in the utmost confusion. Lodgers darted from th' ir rooms, but werij btld in control bv f..,.;r or fivj Zouaves.