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ans-iiai'vxJi 'xix.t rr ,?rr asar? grrarr jkj j - . IT MUST JB m f to PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF PRINTERS. OFFICE ON PKIXTEITS ALLEY, BETWEEN UNION AND DEADERICK STKEET.S. VOL L- NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, TUESDAY, JULY 8, 18G2. NO. -v ' V- ;.'. : ' .'rtf lift i!fM . r -m- m v i I I I i -U ol r i j a a w ' 'K cdunTRM V-v- rf ' L si'H i :c 1 1 k. HON. JOHDAil STOKES M:MV1:CI AT TUX tAi'JT"L, IS NASH vii.i.e, os Tin: roi inn ok ju.v. v Hut (o crown l!io stupendous fraud and wicked 1 1 n 1 1 1 1 1 1 r , the leaders said it wns a glorious war for Southern Inde pendence. We all thought tit oiio tiuio that our inde pendence had been declared on this hallowed day near a century ago; that i 1 ft mccrsifiil achievement had been admitted on the memorable Held of Yorktown; that it had been secured anil made perpetual in a written const itit tion and an indissoluble Union, and that we had re-sealed it with precious lilood nndei lhe Old Hero of the Ilei milage in a second wr w ith England. When and where did 1 lie pcoplo of the South logo thci. independence? on what field was it cloven down? who was its conqueror and usurper? and when did the peoplo iniiia to a knowledge of their sad Iosk? Ah! these wero words of chdnsion; hollow as sounding hrnss or a tinkling syiuhol; and qIih! they have beguiled t lit pcoplu into the open jaws of a bloody and rc- nioiselos di'Spolisni! Well Disy they cry out in deep bitleress of Foul, givu us that plain, old - fashioned, long-tried American Independence, with its noblo cdiliec, reHtin upon tho ltniHTS of Man h ils foundation, its spacious hnlls and corridors vocal with the fcbid notes of free thought and free speech, its altars crowned with the oll'erinna of free will votaries, its grand proportions and lolty domes lilliiiK llu! world with won der and amazunmt, nnd iln prchiding iretiius looUinp; with admiration on mil lion of happy worshippers, rather than that Southern Independence which builds ils smaller temple on the narrow banis of the l!uiin ok I'linr-MiTY, crowds the cells and Rangwsys with tho victims of a ruthless pcrNcctilioii for opinion's sake, guards ils outer walla with free men made conscript vandal against their will by a iiiineiable edict of a despotic pow er, revels in the smouldering ruins of the states of ils friends, and looks with marked respect and favor on tho rehis ii nd truppini;s of royalty and rank. Petty deceits and humbugs were, ns numerous ns thn wants of rnch locality required; they may bo properly men tioned without comment, and then pcr . mil teil to descend into the sewer from which they sprang nnd to which thry rightfully beloiiK. Honest people, were told if they voted down the ordinance, grain-growers and ntock-rnisers would lose, tho .Southern market; men limits " would hava to pay their Northern in debtedness in current funds, nnd they would hnve in turn current funds from debtors; mechanics would loso the mo nopoly in their trades, ami have rrater compclilioii in Yankee workmen; learned professors would lose their incomes, and classic halls and retired dormitories o to the moles and hnl-: preachers and laymen would bo di-pi iv d of a jiart of the prolits of u religious newspaper, or Home other litllu pious machine lor ma king money, and the opponents of the jiicHSuro would be voting to put halters nrouud the necks of the volunteers, and vould biingoii tin iiiselves and children a cloud of iiilamy, hs did the tories in the days of the Kevulution. Having', by these ineiins, and others equally unfounded, deluded (oiiliding and overawed timid Union men into tho belief that the tiovernment was already broken up, and the alleged grievances and threatened outrages were sntln lent to e. . cuho seei ssion and revolution, one other thing had to be done to complete, the direful woi k of the conspirators. It was an herculean task, but they had master workmen nuiong them, The people must lie . latislied t hat success would crow n their arms and cancel the guilt anil crime of the rebellion. It could not be easily shown how a ptoplc, numbering only nix or seven millions, puuily armed and ' equipped, little used, comparatively, to hard I a bur, much divided in sentiment with three millions or more of slaves to watch and tuke eaia of, having no man ufactories, no navy, without ample sup ply of provisions in time of peace, and under the control id' a (Sovcrmncut will) little credit, nt home, and none abroad, could whip twenty millions or more, armed, equipped and provisioned in the best style, womb -i fully united on the prosecution of the war, enured by cli mate and labor to the severest hardships, with the regular army and navy of a great t iovcrnniciit, v hose resources and credit were a!mo-.l boundless. Imt falsehood and deception li.ui1 achieved voiulcis in every ne, why could they not in ibis in stance'.' lVmngogui a and bad men , have deceived and misled the people iu. every free tiovcrnment, why could they not do si in this country? It w as asserted that the North was di vided in sentiment on the justness of the w ar the South had many fi lends and sympathizers nuiong the I iciuocrat nnd liell men in high places a powerful mi nority would mioii ham;, like dead wi ights on the movements of the President aud bis t'shincl, mill, iu due timr, a gr at peaf c-pi ty w ould - pi iug np aud demand the recognition of. the Southern (iovern- luelit. hcte hive you seen any division of sentiment on the prosecution of the war until the t'oiistitut ion and the 1'nien are restored, vxeepl among thp Abolition leaders and the Abolition presses ? here has there been the least faltering in furnishing men and money ? No hih cr had tho telegrapic u iivs announced the tall ot 1-nit soiinlci, ami ttie l resi dent bad suniinoiied the loyal in. n ol the country to come t i tho del- nee of Ihu Capitol and public propel ly, than avast armV arose, like the hc'hland band of Modern k l'hu, from loll and valley, city and town, aimed for the cuiitlict ; and raell uecessie di iii ind for tmops bus been so promptly and lolly complied With that the greatest powei in l.urvpe r appalled at the polit ical igor and Uilhlaiy atteugtli of the JVdi rul tiovern tueut. No ptople have eei duplaveil on important occaiiou orcuti gem in iu their Malory, greater unanimity or greater en thuniastn, for whether defeat or victory lias attended their arms in Hits or that battle, it alike nerved their soldiery w ith Iresli courage and sent a new tlirttl oi patriotic ardor through theirown hearts; and it is now too well settled lor any ono to be in doubt that peace will not come but with the maintenance of the Consti tution in ils supremacy, and the restora tion of the Union to it former integrity. Hut the superior valor of Southern men more than counterbalanced, in the opinions of the leaders and conspirators, this marked disparity in numbers. It was deemed quite, a moderate estimate that one Southern man could whip five Yankees or Northern men ;' and it was neither clever nor loyal iu any getitlu rnan of Southern birth to controvert or doubt its truth. Noble young men Hock ed to tho rebel standard tinder the belief that the w ar would be a holiday of frolic, and fun and fathrra and mothers cheer fully gave up their sons and in many in stances, virtually coerced them into tho service, expecting their speedy return with honor and fame cheaply won. Sad and fatal delusion! The holiday has turned out to be a carnival of blood and death, and the weeds of mourning como in the place of chaplcts of laurel. Who arc these men of tho North, stigmatized as cowards aud Hessians and what have they dono memorable in (ha annals of the world? However it may gall the crest ed lip and imperial brow of tho South ern chivalry, they are bone of onr bone and llesh of our flesh: our equals iu con flicts of war and our equals in the arts of pence. They are descendants of that noble band which bled freely and brave ly, in tho war of thu devolution; they trace back their pedigree to Ilia Anglo Saxon race, that great family of nations, whoso blood has watered more battle fields for the lights of man and whose genius and euerpy have contributed more to the march of civilization than any other race, on earth; they have sprang from the memorable lino of enthusiasts, which has given to human liberty the unities and memories ol a Sidney, a Hampden, a Warren, nnd n llayne, and to Protestant Christianity ils brightest examples of martyrdom; and they who think that these men, any uioro than the satno great race in the South, nro timid cowards and poltroons, mi&takc tho lich heritage of the blood that runs in their veins and forget the brave deeds that made their nii'estora illustrious in tho pages of history. Who will say that they have not maintained tho pres ent war for 1 lie preservation ol t ons titutioiial .Liberty, the honor anu re nown ol the race, and more than vindi cated their rightful inheritance of tho classic glories of Lexington and Bunker Hill? 1 hey have sullercd several hu luililating defeats, but they havo gained many brilliant victories ; they havo ex hibited instances of individual cowar dice and wid spread panic, but they have given to the glory and renown of arms, many heroic names and battlo-llelds of uiillinehing courage and coolness; tho victories of Pea liidgc, ItoanoLe Island and Fort I'onelson, countervail tho dis astrous defeats of Ball's Blulf, Oik Hill nnd Bull linn ; and the stream of blood that crimson tho hills and plains of Shiloh and the wails of death that come from the valley of the Chickahominy, fall with crushing weight on lhe traitorous leadeig and Iheir false aspersions of Northern courage, (iivc to the South tho same unanimity and enthusiasm of sen tinient and purpose, give her tho same arms and equipments, an equal navy, and equal resources, and, above all, give her the old national airs and the old tin of tho Union to cheer Iter brave sons and point them in the right way, and the bnl liant pages of Grecian and Bonian valor would not surpass her deeds and achieve ments. The stereotyped remark that Cotton was King, wns the grandest cheat, the subliiuest humbug in this branch of the scheme of delusion and fraud. Cotton was the Aladdin's lamp that would con vert every thing it touched into ingots of gold and precious metals; it was the le ver of Archinidcs with the fulcrum that the crent philosopher sighed for but never found, with which the world could bo turned backw ards and forwards tit pleas ure. It was to render Confederate bonds and notes equal to gold and silver, to dot he, feed and equip in line stvle the w hole nriuv, to break the blockade, and keep open the Southern ports, lo starve the (lovernmcnt of the I n tod Males in to terms satisfactory to the Confederate Slates, to force from England and France a speedy recognition of tho rebel dynas ty, and, if need be, to hi iug over, iu due tune, tho navies aud armies of Queen Victoria and F.inperor Napoleon, aud af file war should bo over and commerce and trade opened villi the North and other foreign countries, it was to pour swollen and overflowing streams of tho precious metals into every nook and cor ner of the Southern Confederacy. The Prime Ministers of his Fibrous Majesty wire not content with these encomiums on lhe dignity and power of their mas ter, lie regulated the commerce and ad justed tho balances of trade between all nations; be provided food and raiment lor the laboiiug millions ot tho world; be employed aud kept buoy the merchant marine of all commercial countries; be prepared the way for tho foot-prints of the schoolmaster and tho steady strides of civilization; be graded the road and laid down the track into distant lands of pagan and heathenish barbarism for tho burning wheels of the Sion of Hod, and though last, not lestd, be conferred oil some few of the lii.it families in his king dom the imperial brow and majestic htrul of nobility . Wonderful king! For tunate ami happy objects! It is cruel indeed, to dmrobe thtt king and unde ceive the subjt-t t, bnl truth, like Ithurii 1'! spear of cel. dial tempi c. must unmask 1 1 10 w irked cheat and liunilm. W hat ever coiiou may be, iu tunes of m ace, and beyond donl.t is an aitnluof prune necessity and ilium use alne, it is no king in u war between the federal Union and an armed rebeilieti of its di bided aubjnls. Ancient kingdoms rose, Nour ished and ft 11 in ignorance of tlui great tipie; our revolutionary father! fought through a long and successful war with out ils assistance, and if its cultivation wero suppressed to-morrow, the Bun would perform its regular circuit in the heavens, the solid globe turn on ils axis as usual, and earth's babbling millions find bread and raiment What single ono of the vaunted promises has cotton redeemed? Confederate notes and bonds hafo to bo forced into circulation by mil itary edict?, the army is badly clothed, halt fed, and poorly armed; the blockade is clleclual; the I nion bag still ample, means, with unlimited credit; the swoll en streams of gold and silver arc ttirned into Moods of spurious bank notes; Lin peror Napoleon would deeply regret, in view of the equilibrium of great powers, the dismemberment of tho Union and the destruction of its rising navy, and Queen Victoria would be glad lo seo tho institution of slavery destroyed and the main growth of cotton transferred to her India possessions, neither one of them having the remotest idea of linking lhe! peace and prosperity of their people to the sinking fortunes of an almost ex hausted rebellion. Indignant wrath and revenge have entered the bosom of the reb el dynasty and individual fortunes must perish, and wanton distress bo visited on hitherto prosperous and happy homes, because, forsooth, Queens and Lmpcrors will not bow down and worship tho cot ton king. President Davis aud his rebel Congress have applied lhe torch to tho palaco of the imag'iiary king; and so the cotton cheat and humbug, the great est among ils tribe, vanishes, literally, into thin smoke nnd air, leaving its dupes to gaze in vacant, wonder on the ridicu lous delusion Such were the means in the hands of demagogues and designing men by whijh the loyalty nnd patriotism of Tennessee were overcome, and her people deceived and misled into rebellion. Ambitious politicians, influential judges, preachers of every persuasion, editors of religious and secular newspapers, parly hacks and political fossiles of all faiths, were co- laborers in 1 lie work or deception and Iraud. Who noes not remember with a sense of horror tho whirlwind of folly, delusion and madness, which tho "spec kled and piebald conclave" of dangerous men aroused In the country, bearing down all opposition, and overturning the sturdiest loyally.' It was criminal to indulge in liberty of thought; it was expulsion from the country, and in some localities death, to exercise the freedom of speech. Jiespcct for tho 1 ederal Con Stitution was disloyalty to the South; devotion lo the Ciuon was high treason against the Confederate Stales; reverence for tho old stars and stripes was down right toryistn, and a kind word for the free institutions of our revolutionary fathers was open and delimit antagonism to tho higher civilization of the new be public. Disunion struck deep ils roots and spread wide its branches, and the eftbivia, distilled from its rank foliage, maddened tho brain and poisoned the pure waters of tho heart. Loyal conger vntivo newspaper! were excluded from lhe public eye inflammatory Abolition sluets allowed unlimited circulation oi r own political press mnailcd or placed utidir a despotic espionage free discus sion on tho slump met and frowned down by vindictive denunciation aud threats of viulence menaces of death, or some persanal injury, whispered in the ears of timid and noii-eomply nig voters hlo tickets of Lnioirmen threatened with marks as indelible as tho spot on ths brow ot Cain, and iu some places tho business of voting placed uuder the con trol of bayonets. Doe- s me inquirer ask how came this luror or madness and tol ly ? Tell U! first how Peter lbs Hermit shook Europe lo it centre with the phantom idea of redeeming the sepulchre ol Christ; how the Ninth-hen bubble in toxicated all England, from ths palace to lhe noting?, ' with dreams of untold wexlth, or how the Laughing Dance spread its disgusting follies over every neighborhood ia which it made its ap Clearance. And lo this stale of the pub lie mind, Tennessee was wrenched from her honorable position in tho Union ao cording lo the theory of secession, aud her confiding and generous people, with nil they held dear and valuable, were committed to tho impetuous w inds and w aves of revolution and civil war. Tho country has been engaged iu thij unnatural war something over onu year, and vou cannot turn the eye in any direc tiou that it does not meet sad memories of ils presence. At quite an early period, the arch conspirator in the tiull Slates uttered the wai ning, that if w ar followed secession, and they knew it would, ils seat would be transferred and confined to the border Slates, and Ihoy have been sometime, and are now engaged in the uioiis work of invoking; biuh Heaven (o abitld them nnd their States from its di rect ravages and hardships by visiting the Union armies with the fatal malaria and epidemics of (he climate. Truly, Virginia, Missouri, Tennessee nnd Ken tucky present in every walk, avocation and pursuit of life, nnd in the (ace of the country, shocking evidences of the fullil ment of tho d aholical prophecy; and the blood-spots on the hitherto staiuleas robes of Ihcfo brave and noble States, more numerous than the guilty drops on thu hand and dagger of the murderous Mac beth, wiel not out at the sanctimonious bidding of Ihu Lady Macbeths of the times. Ah! the ambitious parrici !es in tho bloody tragedy now being enacted on the Brainiest ttiratio of the world, have more cause, as tho mangled bodies of lathers, brother and son, with lni trains of weeping mothers, w idow s. sis tcra and orphans, pass in multitudinous numbers before tin ir seared eye-balls, to cry out with chattering teeth. Hi. ii e ti'it ti. i ' il a it . I" o .' llij f 'ljf I." Hi than did dcwlihh Macbeth when the ghost of murdered 1'anquo rose from the rath ami nushed h-iii !nm bis banquet , Tl,; riwil w ar has taken a broad and dei prang through our political, religious, civil and social institutions, and its Ira' k can be as easily traced as the avalanche down tho aid of the mountain, or the htiiTtcaii iu tho dvu-in forest. It has ovci turned of suspended the a liuiuis- (ration of civil and criminal taw, turning loose crime without check, tvnishing the ermine and imparing the iniluenee of lhe Bench. It has broken up lhe land marks of old parties, divided tho people into new organizations of antagonistic and dangerous elements, Snd swept into a common abyss the cherished intellects and jewels of lhe Common wcallh. It has taken poscesion bodily of the church nnd clergy, with now and then an excep tion, and driven them heedlessly on tho broad road towards destruction, present ing to the Christian world the melancholy spectacle of ministers, who heretofore plead with burning eloquence and holy fervor for peace and good w ill among men, converting their sacred pulpits into ros trums from vi hieh flow fieiy tides of de nunciation, sedition and war to the death, aud of -churches, which had been chosen and bright lights of Chriftian charity and brotherly love, vieing with eacli ofuer as to which could dip deepest its pure white robo in tho innocent blood of a wicked rebellion, or could furnish the largest numherof (icnerals, Colonels and Captains to lead brother against brother on fields of blood aud carnage. It has flooded toe country with a spu rious paper currency of untold millions with no pretence of a specie basis ; it has blockaded the channels of infernal snd foreign Irado and commerce ; it has brought on tho States and the citizens a heavy indebtedness without nmple or available means of payment ; it has pros trated public and private credit ; it has closed the doors of the work-shops and broken up the business of inn chants and small dealers ; audit threatens, in its ramilications through all grades of in dustrial energy and. life, indiscriminate want and wide-spread bankruptcy. Why, sirs traverse tho navigablo rivers, public highways and lhe devious line of South ern coast, and lenantless houses, deserted homes ami plantations, uncultivated and blighted farms, ruined walks nnd groves deserted cities and villages, smouldci iug dwellings, charred bridges, consumed railway stations, wrecks of wntercrafts, and burning crops, present a landscape of diversed ruin for nn artist whose ge nius delights in pictures of mingled ginoke and tlanie. " Ils terrible effects arc Been nnd felt it the various relations and diversitied phases of Society. It has destroyed confidence between i.cighbors, servered long cberi-ed ft ii ndshipB, un- bridh d silly nnd venomous tongues, ttirned loose, in wild luxuriance and without effective restiuint, tho most vi cious J passions, generated innumerabhi malignant cliques, implanted in honest bosoms envy, malice and hatred ; im paired lo a woful extent public and pri vate morals ; divided families into vin dictive foes, put old friends to gra-ping for each others throals, installed a regu lar system of exngcralion and lying, sanctioned the breaking of solemn oaths, fatnilized the public mind with tho pil lago and plunder of marauders; iu a word, it has converted lhe domestic and so cial circles into coiilinuous and dcplo- roblo rounds of bitter feuds, implacable animosities, and now and then secret assassinations, with lit tle desire or ellort in man or woman to chango or modify them. Visit ils hospital, i s camps, and ils hundred bat tie-lields; behold ils engines of death, its heaps of slain, nnd-ils hud died crowds of the sick, wounded and dying, and trace back their cll'i cts on once happy lauulies and circles ol It lends and relatives, l tie armies or iraicrnai oioou, now made hostile by designing men, aro ready and panting for the conllict; they are armed alter inventive genius and in domitable i energy have exhausted their utmost ingenuity and skill to discover the most destructive weapon!; tho long ranged artillery plows ils deep fin roughs through the advancing column-; the light anus drop the dead, like leaves in au tumn, thick aud fast on tho ground; the bayonet charge closes the massive lines. and for a few moments ot horrible cam age and suspense, death grapples with death, kindred blood grapples w ilh kin dred blood, then th rout and pursuit neighbor pursuing neighbor, friend pur suing friend, brother pursuing brother, with the shouts and murderous blow ol victors of the field. The Massachusetts Puritan and the South Carolina Cavalier meet, bill to hilt, in deadly conflict, they fall to tho earth locked in each other's nuns, they become fiiend in the honest hour of death, their heart's blood ebb and Hows out iuto one common stream, their bodies fill one common grave, am their disembodiedspirits ascend throu the nir, side by side, to the bosom of Almighty (iod. Scarcely have tho mad denned mass sank into silence under the dust and sm ke nnd exhaustion of the day, when mothers ami sisters, wivi and daughter, are seen flitting to and fi among lhe living and the dead, and the shouts of joy over loved ones found, and the wails of sorrow over loved oneasla't), mingle i i hideous harmony with the groans ol the dying una lh song of the victors. Tho quickened beats of tho tcl- These, are the ripened fruils of sec tional sgitation, the poisorjed Waters from the lountains of secession and disunion, Ilia distress and desolation of groundless rebellion, lhe distinctive ravages and woes of civil war. Piace them iu one scale nnd your grievances and wrongs under the Union in the other, and whiih will outweigh? Bring before the mind the innocent blood and precious lives lost in Ibis war, and the leaders and their counsel that brought it on the country, and which will command the highest ro specl anil veneration? But wh can fore tell what unknown calamities and un speakable horrors, a continuance of lhe war may add to the cups w hose bitter contents we have drained to the dregs. The fell spirit of abolitionism, t'a iU 'eii'u'. h ii I ! ti, ni iHcnm, pttiai kitig of ivi'ryii'i li.-t liai u nan 0, egrapli convey to distant homes and fiiemla tile casualties and losses of tho day, and joy and grief, like light nnd cloud, follow on the heels of each pulsa tion, the light anil joy perhaps to be swept away when the trembling wires cease t.) fed tho shock of the battle. en arable fathers bow their heads uuder a heavy weight of alllietiun; doating moth ers look to the evening of life with no ray of comfort on this side of thu grave; allectiouate w ives lind relief from over burl tiened hearts in paroxisms of insani ty; genii kiateis penult nu one to lake the place of a buried brother in thrir aching bosoms; homeless oiphan till the streets and highway s with their ti ars of sorrow and their cries for bread, and commonwealths are c lothed in sackcloth and ashes over the frightful havoc among their bravo and promising young men. Standing this day amid the broken hearts, ' w rei ki d hopes and vv ide-rpread ruin of the rebellion, and looking to the long train ( f woes and evila that are to follow, who dors nut feel like ul til ing limn the depths of l is soul the bin nil.; w ords of tho poet, ll.O.lo.u. II--.' ii ' lu II. kriul I,, ul t-... mi., w fc.,t U" 11 ol..r ill4 111. I U I lt'l. l irl.Uir jv, I I i e ,r , IL 1.1 1 i mi ci or i . feiyunt .iiu,m It tabu li. t.,.1 has appeared in open day in thn hulls of Congress; it has taken fresh courage by tho absence of the Southern States from their appropiiatu places, it has gloated over and bun invigorated by lhe blood and carnage of tlm rebellion; it has plnn'cd its unhallowed feet on all the de batable ground of the Constitution, and, considering the probable influence of a persistent and stubborn continuance of tho war, the increased madness of the South, an'd a consequent madness r.n the part of the North, may entail upon the countiy lhe lerrilic horror of servile in surrections and servile war. Let us hope thnt the seal of this book will not be broken, let us pray that Ibis lust vial of unmingled evi! will not be empted ou our hearthstones and family altars; let us al un:te,heart snd hand, to rescue the Consti tution from thn remorseless clutches of Abolitionism, and tho Union from the jaws of an unnatural rebellion. Why continue the conllict and endanger still more tho institution of slavery? Why sacrifice more men and money on lhe al tars of tho idol ol lirc-eateis and dis- unionists? Why resist longer the over whelming armies of lhe Federnl (iovern meut, or attempt to delay the certain doom of ttie rebellion.' ho is so blind to the signs of tho hour that be cannot see the word "failure" written on every fold of tho rebel Hag? who is so deaf to the thunders of tho 1'uion arms that ho cannot hear the shouts of victory along the entire line of tho two armies; and who is fo dead to the impultes of a lofty and disinterested patriotism, that ho does not feel his heart lit up with hopo and joy at the prospects of saving the Constitution and restoring the Union? The phantom of a Southern Confederacy lias had its nsy ot delusion and blood it has beguiled and misled thousands of good and honest men into ruin; it will soon bo a frightful dream of tho past and many of tlioso who now look upon the departure of the phantom as a sad disaster, will regard it in years to come ns a great and abiding blessing. The (iod of nature has so cut the channels of our great rivers, and piled up our lofty mountains, that two rival and hostile re publics could not exist long in this coun try, and yet preserve the true spirit of free ( .lovernmcnt. The two sections re so connected with and dependent upon each other, that no treaty could establish permanent peace between the people of tho two Governments. Border wors would devastate each side ol llio divi ding line; large standing armies would become matters of absolute necessity, heavy taxes and permanent conscription laws would soon impoverish and subdue tho people, aud, in some popular commo tion, a ta sar or a Napoleon in ambition, would spring up and put himself at tho head of the army, and, a military despo tism would bo erected on (ho ruins of freo Government. Such would be tho inevitable destiny of the Southern Con federacy, even if ueace was preserved between itand the Northern (J jverninent, for it carries in its bosom the scciU of anarchy and of its own destruction. But we need not dwell on Iho-diro ca lamities and consequences which would follow a permanent disruption and divi sion of our great and hitherto happy country. Few there arc outside the rebel army who think that tho rebellion can much longer survive tho powerful and deadly blows which havo been for mouths pt and are now beinir given to it. Ill reeling and tottering, like a drunken man, to its fall, and it cuniiot be very long un til all life, all spirit, all vitality, will be extinct in it brused and mangled body. Tho largo Union army, with the aid of tho war vessels and gunboats, has com pleted thn circle of (ire and sword around Iho very heart of the rebellion J it is daily and hourly contracting and narrowing the lines, and soon tho roar ol artillery and the deep note of victory at any point will b heard around the whole cir cle. Barely in tho history of military campaigns, ha such an almost unbroken series of victories crowned lhe march of any great captain, or combination of great leaders, a has attended the Union army on land aud water since the Moony battle of Mill Spring, wheie many bravo Triineasecans fell to rise and mingle with us no more. This victorious army has complete control of the entire Southern coaats, blockading tho ports and holding the must important town and cities; it ha substantially captured the great Father of Waters, aud ilotillas and gun boat now plow it turbid and boiling current from the mouth lo Cairo, divid ing tho rebellion iuto two parts, and opening up this great channel of com merce and trade to the w hole valley of the Mississippi; and llalleck, Buel, Morgan, i'ope and McClellan aro moving south- urd w ith their triumphant columns, and at the same time and in concert, column! . . . . i ... . i. . art) coining noainwaru irom me line. If it be km snd proper to jude tho future by tho event of the past and tho ndiablu signs of the present, h can doubt but that the rcbclliou will I crushed, bene and muscle, in body and spirit, between thosa ponderous weights, It li.av be that heavy disarlx rs w ill U-fall the advancing column ; it may bo that Ihunsanda of brave soldier will ;.";'Jr: ut iheir Me bln.as)ii hard fought, ytt uu fortunato Cell's ; it may be that thu cir cle of lire and g word will bo broken al sum unguarded point; but there will spring up lrom the grave cf tl.s slam, !f from tho sown teeth of the Dragon, Iwo armed men for one to fill th vacant places, the circle will be speedily re united, and the doom of tho re he I i ion, only signalized with other hecatombs of priceless victims, and tho restoration of the Union, with additional baptisms of precious blood. Our illustrious ancestor indobrd tho food hope that the nobio (.oveiutueiit they Wrought out for thuiiselvi s and their remotest descendant would at nil times have the iwer and ability to de- na ana protect itself against over throw; but they had not, funned, iu their brightest visions of Its future grandeur and greatness, any just con ception ol the political power and mili tary strength w hich it has displayed in this fearful crisis. We were ignorant of them ourselves, our Lest informed statesmen did not fully comprehend them, and the powers of Europe grelly underrated them, lieing oblivious for the time to the sad causo which called them into action, who can contemplate the inexhaustible resources, the immense army and the invincible navy of Iho Fed ral Government, and not cherish emotions of pride, wonder nnd admira tion. Who can transport himself back lo the origin of our free institutions and behold tho little rivulet now swollen in to an irresistible torrent, dashing down mountain sides and along ravines, car rying everything before il, (he twinkling star now grown to be tho full-orbed planet, rolling onward and upward, its ponderous weight of light, the grandest and greatest among tho luminaries in tho lirniauicnt, and not feel his soul kindling into rapture at the thought that, this great people are my brethren, and Ibis grent country is iy inheritance. When the war shall havo been terminat ed and the States reunited in tho bonds of a harmonious Union, what a magnifi cent work will have been accomplished. Tho foundation of our liberties will bo widened and deepened, tho bonds of tho Union strengthened and made more in dissoluble, the national flag rescued from the dust and elevated lo tho zriiith of dignity and honor, our name and re nown in arms, on laud and sea, become in a pre-eminent degree the wonder and terror of tho decaying dynasties of the Old World, our exnmplo of self-government made forever the fixed Btar of hopo iu the vim of tho lover of freedom, iod unnumbered centuries of united anil happy celebrations of this day added to thoso which have already passed. Where do wo find on Ibis day, our own beloved State, and w bat part will she take in this great work? Ia an hour of folly and delusion Teiinesseo wns driven by adverse winds from her anchorage in a peaceful and secure harbor, and for near Iwelve long months she bullelted the stormy rea of revolution and civil war under the guidance of nn unfa'thful anil treacherous helmsman. Many of her crew died from disease, or were slain in battle, her precious cargo was scattered far and wide on the angry waves, and the noble little vessel itself carried into tho eddy ing circle of Iho whirlpool; anil, in this condition, her helmsman inglorious- ly abandoned the deck, leaving crew, car go and all lo extricate themselves, or go dow n into tho bottomless abyss. But, thanks bo to stronger arms and better rouncils! We lind her people this day readied from tho imminent, peril, nnd struggling to get back into the old harbor in hope of preventing further destruction of property and further i llusion of blood, and wlio does not seo that this Would bo speedily accomplished, but for prominent and disloyal men, who mislead them into revolt aud civil war, and still oppose their return to Iho Union. Disloyal Mkv ok 'JVa'skssle : Will you, iu view of the groundless causes, enormous evils, and hopeless prosper Is, still urge the further orosceuliou of the war for the ends and purposes of ambitious and selfish leaders? How many more lives must bo lost, and how much more blood bo shed before you will be ready lo cry "hold, enough?" How innny more bright stars of genius and promts must bn blotted out of our brilliant galaxy before tho wild Utopian dream of a Soul h ern Confederacy will cease I bewilder your heads and hearts ? Aro brave and generous Tennesseeans to remain much longer uuder all odious and despotic con - icription law, as a living wall of ih fence around the political and military leader of the rt hellion ? Have you not already enough innocent blood on tho skirts of your garments, to make your pillow any thing but one of peace and repose? Poll der these solemn and appropriate ques tions and answer them wisely lo your own sense of duty. Il is not my purpose to inquire on this occasion what you may have dine ti embark our belovi Male in the revolution and fratricbl w ar, imr w Let her you were the authors or vic tim of delusion and deception, but to implore yon, whether tho one or the other, to maku this day memorable in your lives by rt turning to your loyally and to your w hoio country. Few there sen in thi part of the State who were not over whelmed or prostrated by tho fury ol the popular storm, and fewer still who stood firm Slid erect, like the feturdy oak, with no weather-beaten side to indicate III" direction of the current. You must, know that tho storm ha passed away never to return aaiu in all human probability, and you inuat admit that ample time hat ha been given to remove all piejudice or deluaiuu, and to allay all patsion; afi 1 if you still persist iu your courae of dis loyalty aud revolt, no foresight can tell what moment you may bo ciuxhcd be neath the wheels of nn incensed and out raged Government, or trampled in the dust by tic counter revolution of an limb -reived, Ix-rcav-d and enraged people, lie ware how yon longer dally w ith the r'n In ciicy and tol lu-ai ant e of thu Government, ami how you presume lunger to revile the time-hnnortd Hag of tho country! Fl'.IKsUS AND LOVKIH n 1 II K I ! : I el the impics-ive recollection of the day n mind you that our fr. e institution were 1'iiri baaed at the saertlo e of lum h puciou blood and tna.iire; that they hlVA l.M-M- tL I r IIMII. i I I;., I to us I'V lirevmi tW.-i infant, with open months and up lifted hands, will beseech us In hand 1hem down, unimpaired, to theirday snd generation. In achieving Ihtm, our fath ers toiled null bled Ihiiiuh seven Year of triumphs and reverses, of long march es and wearisome, ic treats, under buvnioe suns and over l, cn ground; and will you falterin tho work of preserving am! transmitting them to your pos'eiitv be cause lhe arrow if calumny and abnsn, dipped in the gall and malevolence ol bbghfvd ambition and humbled piide, fail thick' nnd f.il along Tour pflilnvtiy'.' They uaied tho haughty frowns of piui ces and nobles; can you not enduro the silly insoliueo of ietty traitors and re bels? They faced the i atl tv of British musketry; can you not despice with complacent si orn tho harmless venom of disloyal tipgurs? They quailed not at tho mouth of tho cannon; and will you fear tho paper bullets of a prostituted press wrapt in smoke? Gird up your strength, shako from your limbs the let ters of doubt and fear," look steadfastly to the end, mi. I come bravely ond manfully up to the gn at work. The profomvd woes and sorrows of this bloody unrl uncles war w ill soon bring a ti ne of calm reflec tion and thought, of painful regrets Cor the past and hopeful visions for tho future, and when that day comes, the cb uliliou of billernesa and strife must and will subside. Tho lime has been, and w ill come again, when you and your de luded countrymen w ill alike look to tho Federal Government, with ils veteran army and gigantic navy, as the surest waU of defence against tfm ravages of civil and foreign wars; to theCoiiMlitution as tho on ly brond and firm basis of Iho American, system of si'lf-government; to the Union as the smitten rock from which gush up tho living; fountains of national mid indi vidual prosperity nnd happiness, and will together follow Ine Stars and Stripes, as did the Israel of (bid the nillar of cloud by day and thn pillar of firo by night, to higher nnd nobler developments of American Liberty and Civilization. Wo have much lo cheer drooping hopes, inspire trembling hearts, mid nerve fecblo arms in the bright dawn of light that skirls the horizon, ami promises a el ud Icss day of hope, nnd peace, and joy. Let the noble b it q i', w hicli our ances tors launched this day eighty-six years ago, and freighted with a cargo more precious than prici less gems and jew els, hut pass unhurt this strife, Ibis shock, this Icnrlul reef, this last rock of dan ger, and a houhdliisa ocean of deep S!1'J . quiet waters will spread out before its voyage, w ith gentle winds and waves t i salt it on ; ami one and all, from hill top nnd valley, bainlel and city, will unite as In happier days, in one deep, grand shout, to th" old voyager " Hll .11 I Ml Ill" , imr It-ir ta lin-'i I ll.. wi ! r i-. "ur lull.,. . u.n pny r i, mil" 0-a n. rl"i . if ililliCui il ' Vr i ur (V .11 lilt Hill. Ill I-, .! till Willi tin generation, grtatly eiilnmed lu value and ! your I Lami'.;: Tho array of blight ryes and sad laces, which overhang this vast assemblage, like sunshine snd cloud, be tokens that the angel of dm III has let II y a shaft here unit I here in youi- midst. If you have tempted or dared this sad trial of his archery, blame not tho arch er it the shall lias l.illen at your door, anil the cloud gathered over your house- Id. J he excessive ze.il and per-iub nt fervor of many Southern l.idie, will lie the most inexplicable luysteiv of (he Ii'ebcllion in future times. What juat ground or reason have they for falling out with il, or breaking up the Fcdcii al Government ? in no oilier country has woman olUincd equal dignity and in fluence ; in no other government has her wants and comforts In en so carefully provided for and protected. Woman was not fashioned in her sweetness of voice, her gentleness and purity of heart, refinement of intellect and exquisite una! of person to sound the w ar-cry, to bid brothers shed each other's blood, to plot treason and rebellion, or to dare Iho perils or mingle in the havoc of buttle, i. allies, you tan do much towards pro longing the war and increasing tho pangs of private gr ief ; but you can do more l slay lis bloody inln and soften its bitter sorrows. Hher shall will bo speeded to the fatal mail,, and other clouds will come galbeiing and rest over your city. Dntilul daughter, that ven erable foim w hich you loved and revered fioin the cradle, may pass away never to return; allcclionaln wile, that. SHolig arm of manliness an I robin bearing ou which you have hung dining the happi est bonis of life, may (all and leave yon tvilhoiit hope ; kind mother, the casket of cheiished family jowels may fie bro ken open, and the hriehb-t eem f (h group be (lashed iu pieces. Let Inn be eeei h you in the name of Christian hu manity to line up in your strength and B-"i' l us ill stoppin'; i he unnaiuiai war, and bring back your fathers, husbands and sons to the pea-e nod salety ot qui et, happy lioim s. Soi i n lis or 'I in. ; si ( jii.mv : Yi u are welcome, thrice wil nine, iu this spa cious ball ou this National Pnihday. Whether you come from the one Stato or another, w In Iher yoil dw ell on the anow- lad hills of M.iio" or tho golden stream of Caliloinia, w hi tin r you l..vor the same or dill', rent local ins'ilotions, wo are fel low -countrymen th" same gri n' Pepub lie, speaking one language, pr iilesiuK one hiisllaiii'.y, arid bound together in the bonds of p' i p ,"J' ' '"'on under Iho mini' Nalinloil l 'ons'il ul i "il, Willi one honored II. ! lloat in,; oi cr in, and one grand des tiny a w ai' nig us. Tli i i I your da y ; t hr is our 'lar, I' is the bn lb-right iuln i it am n uf all tine A no i ic i:i fni no u, and wher in r it is ('lihialid, they are welcome, thrice w i home. y, i.. M woi anhGi.vi; trvu.s "i' Tiia 1'iTv Ccl '.. Ii. : You have, Hi the appointment of this cell liiation, as well a in a more unmistakable manner, il'osti ated your n ver. in . f ,r th,' iiob'e louiidcr o' our 1 1 1 e in I ul i on-, your loyally lo llie I 'd Hal Constitution, and Jour devotion lo the Union of the Males, wnimin II"' abiding coiivn tiou that the memories ol the hoiimed (i-ad in ""'' cel..' ! ' last. n,; than Una leeobccuoiia Uv ' thai the s lid fooiid.tm:! ft aoii'ul t 'l'V of P o k "'t lll.t lie of lb. consecrated with additional liieiiioiu and glories; and that million of yet on- locai,. r or I.m.c r ytem ot s- II goVi liian t' e Lii hi oui , nt; that the plot.