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For Freedom and .Nationality.
" : 8. . iriEUCEH, Editor. JVKDNIvjUAY MORNING. DEC. 10. M2. :i f.v ' Mediation. -. ,... : r "VNo'greater'rnlsfortune could befall the American people, North and South, than an 'Actual, or an attempt at, interference in American affairs ' by any, or all the great Towers of Europe. Hating learned early the danger of foreign alliances and entaglernente, and to avoid such, has be come one of our national maxims for po litical safety ; and having adopted this rule of action for the government of onr own national affairs and interests, it has become, in the mind of the American people, political virtue, and intcrnation 1 law, that should be practised by all nation?, and there should be no infringe ment of it, except under the compulsion tf the highest laws of national safely. Having acted upon this principle in the past, with a republican form of govern ment, and democratic institutions, of "which our people are excessively jealous end watchful, and which, in our opinion, lias never been duly appreciated by foreign Governments, any interference -whatever, and lor any cause, would be regarded as an attack upon our form of government, and blow at our democratic institutions. Such would inevitably be the construction of the motives of inter ference, however well defined or explain ed by the Ooveiiment so doing. Outeido of the insolence and contempt implied, .the cfllcious intermeddling of any peo ple or nation, with us and ours, would be Presented until the national manhood wjsa exhausted, and its spirit broken., . Our people already know and feel that no ' people on the earth are so cramped by the civil war now raging in America, as to .base an interference upon imperative na tional compulsion but should such de plorable interference occur, it would rise from the meanest or human passion, ana . the barest of national motives." j By some it would be regarded and looked upon as officious interference, arising from a i hectoring, domoncering, national spirit, by others as an attempt to destroy our 'Republican form of Government, our .Democratic intitutions, and with their -destruction to overturn our maxims of libqrty and equality, and tho blessings 'arising from free Government. Others again would regard it as done with a -tiow to territorial aggrandizement, and with a view to possess themselves of our lands, our climate, and we ourselves, af tcr being deprived of all commercial and j agricultural advantages, to be made the ' serfs and slaves of the monarchs and " powers of Europe. ' But where one could , bo found, whose objections would bo bas ed upon a single ono of the above causes, there could be found ninety-nine, whoso objections would be based upon all, and others far more powerful, ! and which , would stir this mighty pcoplo from c'ntia -to circa rafrence. .'!.,;; - ' The little hints and feelers thrown " out by diplomatic ministers of European Governments, have had no good effect upon the public mind of this country, $ but on the contrary have intensified the feelings of our people, and made them , more watchful and jealou. i We said there could be no greater ; misfortune, and in consequences and ef- ' focts there could be no greater calamities That it would end the rebellion by crush ing it to atoms in one month, and with - it all its friends and sympathizers every whereon this continent, there could be no doubt. In view of a foreign inter- - fcrence, no man would stop to debate what means, whether constitution! or otherwise, should be used, and the great heart of the nation would beat wild with excitement bordering on deliriom. Ev . cry man who did not espouse the nation . cause in an emergency like this, should flee 'the wrath to come. A million of those who are to-day the chattels prop erty of the Southwould bear the mus ', ket and the bayonet. We trust that Eu rope will consider well the temper and spirit of the American people before she launches herself into such a massacre and butchery of men in bloodshed and desolation wide-spread and terrible. The rebel General Van Do;m has been acquitted of the charges preferred BKaittbt him by lhigadier.GeneialJoiiM S. li-.vv-ejj. The -Court was composed of Gins, Floyd, Tit'MiuAN, Dabnkv II. Maukt, and Srri'.Liso I'iuck, the latter acting as l'res idenl of tho Court. Tho charges eie druukenttoti, &o. A. -II. Stephens. ... This gentleman, afiera long quiet, has turned up at Savannah, at iwhich place Le recently made ft speech,- urging the citizens to defend the city. --We remem ber to have seen sometime since a tart correspondence between Gev.' Brows, and some rich secesh farmers of that vicinity, the former urging1, and the lat ter refusing to send their negroes to work on the fortifications of that city., We suppose Stephens made U all right be tween ILcm. .... ; . It seems ; that the Confederate Gov ernment looks to Georgia to defend her self, as the Secretary of War recently in formed General . Mercer, commanding at Savannah, that Le would make no more efforts to secure laborers for the fortifications, and to ' retain no longer those so employed. The Confederate Gov ernment alto refuses to permit any of the Georgia troops to return tothe State for its defence. Gov. Brown complains bitterly of this, and says moreover, that by the conscription act this State is not permit ted to call into the field for its de fence any portion of its organized mili tia, and submits the whole matter to the Legislature. These matters the Honor able Alexander 11. Stephens, thinks can all be settled by e speech from him tr the people of Savannah, and therefore, we hear of him discussing the dectrincs of 'States' Rights,'; and "right of self-defences," "and drive back the inva derB," "Savannah will never surrender," and much more to the same purpose. He should remember, that a much greater than ho, on Rearing in Europo of the civil warin America, dismissed the whole matter with tho philosophical remark that, 'fit is the dirtiest, chimney that has been aCre this century, let it burn," and if this be truo, Georgia must, and will submit tothe flames, and tho present position of that honorable gentleman is evidence corroborative of the truth of the remark, and how humiliating to himself it must be, to find himself in tho "sear and yellow . leaf of life,", repudiating every principle of his vigorous young manhood, and in - the maintenance of ; which he ' won national 1 honor and just fame. If there were no other cause and necessity for a revolution for a burning out of the national chimney the apostacy of just such men as he, would be sufllcient. After this speech, made when Georgia was about to secede, and in opposition to it a speech, could he blot out his subsequent career, would entitle him to the nation's blessings and gratitude. lie stands but tho mockery of his former self, and a striking illustra tion of the treachery and moral coward ice of man ; forced to say now that all he had formerly said and taught to a confiding people was false. Struggling to unlearn them, and himself, all the lessons ho had previously taught, re nouncing the principles of a lifetime, no, not tor ambitious purposes, , but rather from moral cowardice. From the elo quent defender of the M best Government on earth," as he himself said on the oc casion alluded to, he has descended to become the miserable apologist of a des potic oligarchy, '" ' We commend to him Ewing's letters on tho subject. The Richmond Enquirer of the 20th say s : GeneralJoHNHTOX and staff leave Richmond to-day for the West." They reached Murfreesboro, we learn, ten days ago, Some of our Exchanges contain an ac count, of an attempt by fifteen Italians to assassinate tho Emperor Nafoleon. Col. McRae, formerly consul to Paris, and recently commander of the 6th Regi mout North Carolina Volunteers has re signed his commission, on the ground that, ''consistent with, hie Bense of dig nity and self-respect, he could no longer serve t tic Government of the Confederate States." Jackson Mississ'ppian, JVtt. 2Wt Sensible, Colonel, "sense of dignity and self respect" are good reasons, and the wonder is, that such 1 do not effect more in tho same way. The ' Bum." Court-Martial. This military tribuual, which had been in session for Several days in Cincinnati, adjourned on Friday to meet in Nash ville. General Buell and stuff, nd Gen erals Ord, Wallace, Schoepf, Dana, and Tylor, Judge Advocate Matt,'' and the Secretaries of the concern parsed through tho city yesterday, en route for Nash ville. S far the proceedings have not been made public. Jour An Army ok Desbhtekh. The Harris burg (l'ii-) Lilian ., that the number of drafted im u who tailed to report fr duty at the iriu caiuiii in tint NuK-, with , those who have deserted, is tstima'ed at , eight -r l it thousand. ' Editorial Correspondence. Locisville, Dcembee, 9.. .; The red light of our melancholy civi war seems to invest everything with the reflection of its own crimson light, and, attunes, all things to its mournful boo?. The tiuin tf cars which left ihe toatiy- hilled capital of Tennessee yesterday morning for this place, did not furnish an exception to this remark ; not that I mean that all the passengers, who thronged the care, and crowded them to overflowing, , were . soldiers, or directly connected with the army ; but somehow every man, woman, ajjd ebild I saw, seemed to me part and parcel of the great military pageant, which now shakes and appals the land with its unrelenting presence. Tin god of ,war seems to have set bis seal upon the brow of every one around me; on the forehead of that young boy it glitters like tho star of a vague but beautiful hope ; on that of the vigorous man it blazes with the sublimo aspirations of holy patriotism, or glows with the meteoric light of high-soaring ambition ; and teo often, alas, on the brow of a beroaved sister, or mother,or widowed wife, it shines with the sad radiance of the evening star, when it looks down through the tears of coming night, upon the grave of one who was most beloved of all upon tho earth. War is the ono theme of all conversations, the key-nop of " T'.io rul mafic f hum mlty." The terrible monotony at limes almost distracts me, and I feel as though it would be a welcome thing to be trans ported for a'while to the most secluded spot i n Europe to Roius'aosr Crusoe's Island, to tho Happy Valley of Rassk- las " Anvwhere, nnvwhore, . Out of the world," . until I could find a brief refreshment and respite from the din and distraction of this unnatural war. . Often limes, doubtless,! do many others, as well as myself, find themselves harboring such unmanly and selfish thoughts, but to all of us who are worthy of the name of pa triot, comes the good angel of patriotism, and, somewhat changing tho sublime sentiment ! of the old Roman dramatic poet : " lima sum, etc. ; she whispers in our ears : " You are American oilizens : nothing which concerns thi? Republic, should be indifferent to you." So instead of fold our arms and indulging in senti mental longings for peace, or trying to shun all responsibility and labor, in this great trial which has, by the visitation of God, befallen our country, it will be far better for us all f oact well our parf'in each changing scene of the bloody drama a drama bloodier than that in which the tragic Muse has sung tho wars of tho rival Houses of York and Lancaster. As such disjointed thoughts and images rushed through my mind, more rapidly than the train which bore mo rushed over level plain, dizzy ravine, and through dismal tunnel, my attention was directed to a lively conversation, be tween two parties on my left. "Nice gun this, sir," said a quick - eyedlittlo gentleman, to a very civiltgen- tlemanly-looking young man, who had a neat shot-gun in his possession. "Yes, sir,' a very good gun." "Nice gun," continued the first speak er, cocking and snapping it j" needs a little fixing. Going to have it repaired? Ramrod lost, too, I sec." " Yes, sir. Captain took it from the rebels, and gave it to me. The inter rogator's keen eyes sparkled at this last remark, and he looked as if he had found valuablo trail, and meant to trace it up. lie continued : "Taken from the rebels, eh? where at?" And ho drew out a small memo randum book. " What is the Captain's name ? Who gavo you this gun ?" ;. It was given and noted down. ," And your name?" This was also given. . " Have you a permit for this gun ?" ' No, sir." f Well, sir, I shall have to take this gun and deliver it to the Provost Marshal in Nashville. ! If this gun was taken as a trophy from the rebels, it belongs to the United States Government, arid no offi cer or soldier has any right to hold or give away such captured property. If the gun was taken from the house of a citizen, although a rebel, without authority, it was a trespass upon private properly, which the Government does not Mi rate. Yon will liud this gun with Ihe l'rovost Marshal, with whom I shall leave it." And Saying this, he walked off, leaving his young friend not a little'surprised at this law expoiiiioti of the law in refer ence to capiurt-d property, 1 mention It; is ineideut to l-dnw wlia' loo'-o a i l incorrect it :h are entertained by many persons in regard to " rebel property." Too many in tho Federal army, whose position should teach them better, act as though persons in the em ploy of the Government had a right to "confiscate" whatever property, belong ing to disloyal persons, they may take i fancy to.- We should. remember alwa'yi that this war is not waged to avenge pri vate grievances, or to enrich private persons, tut to wesrrve fa country ami .vindicate na tional Jionor."TSow,bj IhS way, I must confess myself to having committed grievous offence in this respect, inasmuch as I have in my possession a sabre of very domestic manufacture, which was captured at the memorable battle , of Shiloh, by a friend of mine and prscnt- ed to me ; and which I have kept for the double purpose of a trophy and a poker, which last offlco it discharges well, ow ing to its great strength. Since listening to the exposition of the laws of cap tured property, I feel happy in stating that I am ready to account for said sabre to tho Secretary of War, General Rose crans, or my friend the Provost Marshal at Nashville. Iam confident that sev eral excellent horso-shoes can be made out of it. I think it is one of "Gizzard foot" Wise's waoon-tirs swords; and am sure it will tire any man to carry it. In spiteof the two-thousand-and-two ru mors in Nashville, which are afloat on the stroeta every day, of raidB upon the road by Mono aw, I found everything perfectly quiet. The only difficulty was tho almost interminable army freight-trains which blocked tho road every few mil's, atid detained us every few hoursi The road has been seriously .interrupted during the past season, and I trust that the com pany and their employees may derive a rich recompense for the bold, and faith ful perseverance which they have shown in the faco of so many difficulties. Par ties who wish to ship goods to Nashville, may as well stop wishing, until the river rises sufllcientlyto allowbt!ie resumption of navigation, as nothing but govern ment stores is carried in the cars, and the Express Company are taxed far be yond their capacity, in carrying pack ages, etc. This morning I learn that Gen. Boyle has ordered, that nothing shall be shipped over the Nashville road but gov ernment stores, excepting of course the personal baggage of travellers, which is confined to one trunk. How long the' re sti lotion will last I cannot say. I notice divers speculators here, who appear lobe in trouble. S. C. M. Our impatience and charity are never so severely tested as when we are doomed to listen to the complaints of a certain set of secessionists, who have small claims against the Government for corn or other produce taken.' These men have inaugurated a war that costs the Govern ment millions that robs almost every family of a member, and deluges the land with blood; a war that commenced in seizing the Government property every wheey forts, arsenals, and mints; auth ors of a sequestration act that appropri ated at least two hundred millions of dollars belonging to their creditors ; men who have, against express constitutional and moral obligations, abstracted a cha rity, in appropriating the school' fund to war purposes j spent five millions of the State Treasury, and, finally, have carried beyond the limits of the State its Bank and means of support, and now mouth and whine over a bill of twenty-five dollars against the Government, for chickens, pigs, or rails. And these men sometimes discuss among themselves the evil of foraging, its illegality and hard. hip, and regret that the war has become so barbarous and inhuman. Tell long and mournful tales of wrongs done to their fences or eeese, and their wives and daughters are sent to procure "pro tections." It has sometimes appeared to us, that were we in the condition of thuo people kladoee from the Govern ment or its officers would put us to the blush, and that a vast wilderness should be our abiding' place, that we would hang our heads in shame, and shun so ciety. 1 ' ; ! And some of these men were prcml. nent in all lh se outrages upon the Gov ernment aye, humanity, everywhere, "Shame, where is thy blush V" How lost and fallen these pachydermatous geiille- men. ' . i How' to Cvre a Fklom. When one of thefut painful torments appears on the hand, apply a piece of rennet voaked in milk to the affected part, aud renew the application, at brief intervals, until re lief is foiiud. The rennet may bo ob tained of any butcher. It has been tried in many catrs, and it has never failed to v fiord relief, Don't take too miii'h iuterest in the af fairs of your Hi ihb jis. rix per cvnt. wilt do. T1IRA t'lli; s. n. rrrriKLn CLAUDK 0. HAMILTON'... 8. T, B1MONS M n rer. . .Stage Musr. ........ Treuurer, Vi'cilneettny r.renlnsr, Iec. 10 1803i BOH CiESAIt DE BAZAN ! DANCE, - Mim CONSTANTIS1 j MY NEIQIIDQR'S WIFE! ; ' WW In jirirttioa, KlOliAftD 'ill.' ? : ?-" B. WOOD, M.D., ICS DENTIST, No'. li Clinton Plaoc, (Eighth St.,) Two door WFt from T.1T Broadway, ? 1 NEW YORK. , II would rail attontlun to his nUn'of IVIU F.L1NU I'Ll'Ud In com-i whera tlioniotil In rrpvwr& tu ww. - IPoclO-lt i Wanted to Rent, ADWEM.IXO.norjPB, CONVENIENTLY JW altuateil to tlie rust Oflli-e or Pitlilio Jijiwrc, fur n lulled or mifuroislu'd, for wlilt h JsVi k lllrl )rtr will be pai.l. w- ; r Aillrca "Drawer 102 Po1-OJHc4." i Dec10-3t - W. II. MORGAN, D.D.S. HAS JtEMOVE!) FII OFKICR TO ( hurcti rlrool, accoait tor Witt ef tho Ht. C'lotiil Hotel, ojipofclle thi McKi'iiilroo Cliurcti. IMclO-2w ' " WANTED FOR CASH, Cotton Itags, Hemp and Damaged Cotton, Old Hope and Gunnies (lu large pr tmatt lota,) INGHAM, SWIFT & CO. e-At FRENCH &. REID'3, Curnur of Market and Clark atreat.. PeclO-lw liwpittcU ciy .J TIION 225,000 lb, af6ort6d Bira and fcT'K.'K and t-UOAJl KET1XK8, , , . V . 8 ALT 100 Barrola, . ' , , . ., Fur tale by VM. LYON, v, . i .41, Alurkul alrurt. LOST, I.ROM TUB 8t. CLOUD HOTKL, LAST 1 trniduy renins:, a I.1UHT FILLkY; Hliud in lrunt I with Govenimoul miHIn and Knalllti lirldl. llorno wftit ilowu ( lien boloitK to tlierldjn'rt Dlvliiun, Nolenavillv y an I'llciv A li liar hi rowitril will na paid to any una returning the Fame to U. U. Jokes' urvry Mublo, ou Market elrcet. Deea-at I.. W. LITTLE. Gas-Consumers' Notice, You mt st iTKNisn alcohol ou ftmono tVliiaky to be Uat lu jour Alettra to nrovent freezing. The company will lend a proper port on to fix all Matcira wlioui'ver notiUod, provided ) oil luruish the alcohol or whfi.ky, 1 will explain this : Ve cliariro no Sloter rout an mout (iu Companies do, to coynr this expeimo, and nt this particular llmo tho t-.x 1110 would bo f HUH) to $ I Sou to the Company ; in ninny hkoi, tho coot of the alcohol woiilil amount to nioro than the next three monthH' hid fur g i. JAS. II. KXNimiCK, Deo. Oth, 182 lm HccreUirv. LOST! LOST!! commission, belonging to n. vr. p. L llornlirook. 21 Au.t. t urireon 42d Rol'I. la. Vols. 0"The finder will he rowunled hy deliver ing It at this Ofttce, or at lioapltnl Mo. 3. itac-ft-UP ... Corn Heal. I7MtFH C0BN MEAL, delivered te all parts of ? the city. ' li. D. DICKKY, , 1N)C 7. At Broadway Mil la. Cow Feed. IN quantities to anil, sul delivered n nil parti of tkacily. l, 1). JiW'hKV. ! 7. At Broadway Mills. $25 Reward! STRAYED er gTOLF.V, from my etabl" on Union Klrect, buck of Odd Fullowa' Jhill.uhont Ilia lif .Mniilli of Kriv Iia, lua. K.I. ..11 II...-. ...1.1. ..... p.oun . tiuim. Willi t urly mane, tdiurt lull, Hot nicked, marked with only a few saddle-flail, tie waa In (t"ol condition wliuii tiiken. Any perron leaving the 'i horae at Com In A M.trtln'a Livery Hialilii, ou Colkce street, between Cl.iin h and Bmad atrwta, or inlormation so I can recover timi,wlil receive the bIlits reward. WILLIAM H. CIIKAIHAM, Dec. 71m Ko. 2(1, Hlli ftroet, Muahville, Tcnn. ' 'Money Wanted. ACKNTT.EMAN wiKhea to borrow Two Thousand Dollarx, at a hlieral iuter'at, for which be will give bond to aatiufy I'arto-s. Anyone wlehing tolosn, will pi' an leave their address at this olhco. In c. 7 lit EXCPIAJSTGE. Sight Checks on Louisville IIOUGrllT AND BOLD, A. G. SANFORD & CO., t.KHiaos 4Nn MoRtT Dsai sis, NoTti-W 4j College slrvet, Mcrthaaia' Bask.' Qssarkriuasicrh' I'frtificatc , r until a sco bt OHAS. H. QREKlsr b?f ICE, Ko. 38 Chrry t, (Vp BUin.) Notice td Kon-Heiident Traders. NOTK'B l h.rel.y given, that Nob reeidentTnd ei, lluckauire, sue . peraona following the Cuiniis for piirpi a of aieoul.iiiiig, will not lie toler ate! within the Hues of Ihe army, t r pi rniltta t t i bng gooila to title region of i-oiiiitrr. This moiifiire Is taken to prevent Ihe hele,il auuiKulinK now c.-n.t .iitly b log ul iruipl. .! by 11 11 ecriipulon ami dlaleyal iir'ii, aa well aa tiiroiili desire 011 the rt of Ihe irirliiieiit t'oiuuiHii.l. r 1.1 av.nd liijin-llce lo Smlere and I. giliinati! and rimiieul-ul.l- rai-i.at liu 'i n of tl u (,iy aul niaia. Uy vuioiuan I i f Mnj 0-1. in.n l W h. 1 en m. Jt'LII H I'. (,AHIl UK, Aamatant Ad I Cm. and Chief ol Mair. Pe.'. e 3t Waatei 1 COdli Ml t.HI I ".., f,.r wl.i h the In, l,c t HIV in nk't p i c ,U s pud. l.oi,uire m r-ur-eon, I UN. m irr, I M. A , Me ln nl lnr lor, or J n. n U l.n.H, An-mia 4 If itnuit, V. U. A , Huaplul Ke 4 . lux. tt-lw. 1.U s ISKcia4 Telegraph to the Na.hville Tnlon." MIDNIGHT DESPATCHES. .1 J 0:1 RebelVessels Captured Off Wil ' rr mington. W. C. ':h-jiv .. :' '';' Attorney General Bates's Opinion or ; . African Citizenship.- i . j Havy Skirmish at CofleviUe, Hehel Amy Retreating Throng Oxford, Miss. Arrival of the Etearnshin . AraMff k' ' ' ".. ' li Fight for the Championship o l ' England. . . . -V, -t Great Battle in Arkansas. Another Brilliant Federal Victory ' Forrest Reported at Clarksville. ...... ' ' I ' Louistillk, Dec. 9. Twenty Yesseh ,. have bcea ctptarcd by tbo Fcdcrslg ol Wilmington, N. C., since tho 6tU of No i Vember. , I riDERiCKBBcno, Dec. 9. None of th ' ' Federl army baro crossed the Totomac .i Wa8HInoto, Dec. 9. Attorney. Gen cral Bates is preparing an opinion af ' firming the citizenship of persons 01 I ' African descent under the Conctitutiot and laws. ' ........ . . it . Cairo, Dec. 9. The main body of thi , rebel army, forty thousand strong, in cluding a large number of tho Btck ant ' wounded, paused through. Oxford, Miss, j on Thursday last. ( Halifax, December 9. Tho slenmc Arabia, from Liverpool, has arrived. Consols 94. - Oxford, Miss., December 9. Colono) Dickey's cavalry were., engaged foi ;i two hours with five hundred rebels, a- ' CoDTeville Friday night'. Federals lost J nine killed and fifty wounded. Kobe loss three hundred killed and woundev". Foreiow. -King beat Mace in the prize ( - fight for tho championship of England .' after twenty-one rounds. , Liverpool. Breadstufl's steady, pro- ? visions inactive. ' New York, Dec. 9. Gold gleady at 32 M. Fatetteville, Ark., Dec. 9. Gen Ilcrron's forces won a decisive victory over the rebels, twenty-four thouHa strong, yesterday, on Crawford's frarit. twenty miles south of here , Louisville, Dec. 9. Gallatin advicet deny any recent engigement there. II is reported that Forrest's cavalry, in con siderable force,' are at Clarksvillo to day, i TKAI KV cV SMS, Livery and Sale Stable, No. 8 Cclo Street, keep constantly on band Car riages, Horses and Buggies, and are at all times prepared to send parlies to any part of the country. We have 10 or 15 good work Horses and Mules for sale at low figures: also, several large and small Spring Wagons, Nov. 27 lm. NEW GOODS. . DOOTS & SHOES. F- II.. FRENCH,' NO. 81, ! 1 II L I () Ktll'AII C, JL J, f oltmlia aim a ut , A LAU;JC AND LAMES' f Ml-BES' -;" and ' 1 ' ' ' i ClJILDklCN'S' , Calf, KM, Oiet, Glove Kid, od Laollng ' BOOTS, BALMORALS, & GAITERS, Comprising everything d-rahlj for the seamn.SRd of the beat work aud alyle. MI', -V- ' BO vs. ' ' , royvusv ml CIllLUfiEVi Boots, Shoes, BalmoraU,- t" ALL ID. r,vrxthi!t. Ml' K'cr HATS or rvy.RY 1 1 ii iuiko.n, All ef which will I,. .,ld ,t ii, lwt ,,r)uu I to. 6 Ilu .1 1