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The Nashville daily union. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1862-1866, December 19, 1862, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025718/1862-12-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1802.
NO 215
, -l .TT A' tCI TTTTT
i ' - . '
HI) .--iL
IE
!
w
iio
B. B. CONNOIt & BRO.,
CO.tl5IIWI0.1 fflEHCIIANT,
NO. COIJ.KUB BTRIET
w KtM jart recrfTed and for aale
lovr to e1o ont ConJjoiuat,
200
Bid, halt, for aals y
CONNOR k BRO.
H J) boi I'-AL'f, lor ei by
CONNOR BRO.
Coil fi.)rE, for aule by
connor a nno.
bbi coi oil, lor by
p I
CONNOR k BRO.
half bbl. Coal OIL, fur wla by
apt . CoNNOR A BRO.
Ltfjoas.fur mo by -
CONNOR BRO.
r boxi SOAP, tor te by
CONNOR A BUO.
50
boko HTARCI1, for lei by
ap S
CONNOR A BRO.
f) cheat TEA, for Ml by
W,: p8
CONNOR A BRO
1 hair choeee TEA, for Ml by
I Bp S
CONNOR A BRO.
() cadiee TKA, for ial by
P
CONNOR A BRO.
o
boe Yeut POWOk.Ra.for .ale br
p CONNOR A BRO.
20
cask HODA, for Ie by
P S
CONNOR A BRO.
too
grot MATCHES, lor tale by
pB CONNOR A BRO,
25
25
boie 8lr CANDLES, for le by
ap 8 CONNOR A BRO
fv boin COH KK, for title by
p 8
CONNOR A CO.
14
bl.lH. V1NKUAK, f lal by
CONNOR A BRO.
10
klU PAI.MON, f r Ml by
CONNOB A BRO-
24
klt HACKKRIX.for Ml by
p 8
CONNOR A BRO.
' kit HKKRINO, for Ml by
CONNOR A BRO.
P
kit HHAl)"for lby
P
CONNOR A BRO.
19
bull. TROUT, for ' by
p 8
CONNOR A BRO.
I boln. MACKEREL, for Ml by
ap s VAinnun m Jims.
CONNOR A BRO.
1 boxea dried HKRlNli, 'or Ml by
I pg CONNOR A BRO.
box- I)ril doaled, lur ula by
p 8 CON.NOK a UKU.
Dki'irH NA11.S, for aula by
K8
CONNOR A BUO.
l bbli CriiNhed fugar, for sale by
I ap8 CONNOR A BRO.
itF d&k MhAl.,roraaw by
Ibtt au 8 ' . ,
CONNOR A BRO.
! bbli FLOUR, for aula by
' ap8
CONNOR A BRO.
I caxka HAMS, for ! by
up 8
CONNO A BRO.
OCttikn SUI'-S, for tale by
ap 8
CONNOR A BRO.
1rw Obla Uue POTATOfcM, for anla by
. V ' up 8 - CONNOB
BRO.
' f boxi-H fretli (ianlou HKKI), for by
rJJ a)8 CONNOR A BRO,
C'bbla Oulon MfcTd, for i
C apt
tie by
CONNOR A BRO.
D Hereon Umvaaaed HAMS, with a large lot oi all
aorta of Oooda, which wa will cloae out low, at
old atand, No. 8 College alreet.
tp 8 , 11.11, CONNOR A BRO.
Charles H. Green,
.... . i
AGENT fob tub
llMil OF CL&IMS
AGAINST TJI
U. 8. GOVERNMENT.
Offico, Ncn 38, Cherry Btreet,
w (CP STAIRS.)
July 80 tf.
Government Claims.
?T ANDREW McCLAIli
WILL 01VK PROMPT ATTENTION. TO TH1
oolleulioii of ulatiiia of every kind atialuat th
OoverniiK ut of the
UuIUhI Hlatea lulrutwa to oil
ear.
OFFICE ON UNION STREET,
twe'n CoMi'i and Oierry atreota, (up italrn) OVM
Yoik'a liook Biorv, Ni.HviLui, Tuontaaaa' '
Jt Miri KRBliCEBt 1
PavUli-m KMiy Edward II. gdmeet I. liar.,
Iloriue H. llarriKon, A, J. I'uu'-nii.
H't(nt,euHHt- lion, .lor. !uu r-toVe..
Omiin nmunr. V. 11. (lordon, J. W. Bowen,
Jhu't ef Vl. W. H. Ktoke.
tt'arrM &mMt Kolmrt C.iiu, George J. ftublefiold
Whtit eotf William Boemm.
hmitmfvri wMry--liMwat'd L. Joidoa, Wl R
Tally
HtJforA to! William II. VTUener.
Mimkalt AbuerrVel,
Amur wff B ill. Peyton, Thoma Trttabl
Jtutlann irmnla David f-lieiihcrd.
kaM iwiwu Uou.r. A, H. Nelaoa. Boa. Robert
Mcblluuey. -opib-u
, Quartr naastcrs Cf rtificales
; PURCn A8RD B T
CPWE, No. 38 Cherry BL, (Up fcUairt.) t
N
Vim. CaI.ai
J. C. PiTirixi.o.
CALAra a pitsfield,
No. 15, Dj)adorick Street,
A HE KKI KIVINO I'AILT, OYHTKRS, GAME,
jC f i.li, Huitor, o , and l,.nli. itii b
fii.uinlod on iiiodeiato L i ma will, any ai title in our
line, at h. .it notice, by leaving lU. ir unler. wilt) ua
u.ir l.uii. I. I'lH-n rly in tin. murnln, and k.r. t
m n i .1 ui.d until a Uto luuir at mKl,t.
mf 'I in. pul.iU aieiuvitud to yiv u. a call.
lxi 1-
ifi
tbblii. CI UI.R, for ul by
i p
CITY GOVERNMENT.
JOHN BUGII SMITH, Jfnyer. ,
WILLIAM HHANK. Boeordor.
JOHS CIIUMBI.KY, AforaW.
Mnm Koratab W. ft. Wllkinion, A. C Tnekar.
uil J.iue A. Hteele. ' '
Clmkt Marie John Chemnley.ea-oflcle, first;
Jo I. Ryaa, second ; tad John Reddtrk, third.
Tom !! William Iirlver.
Keoemno ColloetnrK. B. Kh&nklaud.
Wator Tarn i(A-iw .. a Oarrett '
7Vuwar R. llejiry. ....
Wharf Jf Thoma Leak. . ;
muprMiMW IA4 (VoriMM J. Q. liodd. i
JVupeHnfewfml o (Aa Ifonr Work-Jumfi Wyatt
Chief of tho Iro lMpttwn( ..nhn M. Beabury.
frvlon nf lh Cemetery 1. II. MtBride. .
Mr Ormttr--i.il. Ftowart.
dtp iUorwy-Joha McPball Smith
CITY COUNCIL.
Board of Aldermnll. U. Br Ion, Praident ; J. K.
Newman, O. A. J. MayHeld, H.O. Bcorel, Wm. 8 ChMiW
ba', J. 0 Smith, M. . I- ( lallKirnn, and JM. Kobb.
Hammon Umnrtl W.. Jonea, Prealilent) William
Robort, T. J. YarbronRO, Wm. Driver, Wm. Wcwart,
luia Huuiih, W. Mulllna, Jamo Turner, 0. M. South.
(ate, A. J. Cole, Jan. Darii, A drew Aoderaoo, J. B.
Known, and John iTaay.
TiMiiiKd ooMViTTim or T oitt ootucn.
rtnanea KnowloH, Pootel and Ool.
Wafer H'orlr Anderaon, Smith and Claiborne.
8lrw( Yarbrouiih. Turner, Houth-ate.DaTla.Brlcn.
May Held, Cli-athara and Claiborne.
HTku Nowman, Stewart ana Tumor.
JfoapiAti JoneR, May Hld and Sloan.
RotooU Cheatham, MayOold and Knowle.
fir Dtparmtnt Cri-aily, IrWr and Newman.
dot Driver, Cheatham and Davia. .
Omwrrra Smith, Wewart and Newman.
Mnrlui Itouto Roberta, Hlewart and Turner
Htavot Hough, Claiborne and llavia.
Pouw Cheatham, Brien and Andcreon
tyring HuiiRh, Claiborne and Brlcn. i
Warkknwu Cheatham, Mayflold and Knowlee,
tmprocvmm.lt a ad ExpmHUurtt Cole, Bcovel and
Crt-adv.
PttMie rroprrrn Hrien, cneatnam ana Turner.
pM Home Vlayfleld, Jone and Robert.
jftdrTtie Board ol Aldermen meet the Tueadaya
next preoedlnit the eucond and fourth Tbiiredsya in
each month, and the Common Conncli the lecond
and fourth Thursday in each month.
NIGHT POLICE
Captain John Baimh.
UrU Lieutenant Wm. Yarhrnu-h.
tUnmd Lleuiruant John H. Davie.
Volicmvn Wm. Jack-on, John Cavender, Nlch Da
via, Joel l'hll'lpa, Wm. Baker, John Cot trell, William
t.ayo, John Kngle, J. W. Wright, John Pnckett,
Robert Hoott, W . C. Francia, Thoma Francii, Andrew
Joyce, David Yatea, and Cbarle Hulltt. .
tr The Polio Court I opened every morning -Blue
o'clock.
COUNTY OFFICERS.
Shorty Jamo M. 11 in ton.' Dqwt Thoma Bob.
eon and J. K. Bui.batian.
Remitter Phlueaa Onrrett.
IViufee W. Ja-per Taylor.
; ChrontrS II. Belcher. . . . ,
Kangor John Corbltl.
Juwu4 G'lltclnr J. O. Brlley. . ,
Uaitroati Tom bHctor W. D. Roherteoo.
Vtmtlablet for th4 NathvilU VuiricL John D. Gower
and J. E. Newutun. '
COUNTY COURT. J
Jtuigo Hon. .lumen Whltworth.
Cltrk P l.lnileley NJchol.
-The JudKe'B Court meet the A ret Monday In
each month, and the Quarterly Court, compoard of
the tloiilatraies of the County, ia hejd the tint Mon
day pi Januury, April, July and October.
CIRCUIT COURT.
jH,t Hon. Nathaniel Baxter.
fVA)Bvld 0. Love.
-tThe Court nie.de the flrxt Monday in March
and Hcptenibor.
CRIMINAL COURT.
Jd; Hon. William K. Turner.
CWk Charlea E. Higgon.
AyTh Court meet th Bret Monday la Apr. Aa-
(UKl and Deomnbnr. . .
CHANCERY COURT.
OnanooUot Hon. Ramnel D. Erleniea '
Cltrk and llatUrr J. K. Oleave.
ir Th Court meet the Brat Monday in May and
November.
i. o. o. r.
Jour T. BiBI, Grand Secretary, ahould b av. Wed
at AoaMufie, Umn.
Ttnntmtf ,, No. 1 Wort everr Tueaday Eveo-
Ing.at their Hull, on th corner of Union and Hum-
Birr atre ta. The olUrer fir tbe nreeent term, are :
O. 8. Leaueur, N O.; J. K Uilia, V.CI.j J, L. Weakley,
oocrovtry ; ii. iv. ppein, Treasurer.
Tratmo Lodgo, Ko. 10 Meet at th lam place
every Monday Evening. Th o'Hoer are: R. A.
Caeiolioll, N.O.( Henry Apl, V.O.; J. L. Park,
Seoretary ; B. V. Brown, Treasurer.
Smile Loda, Ko. IM) Meet at their Hall, on Soul a
Cherry alroal, every Friday hveuinff. Tb oltioer
are: 0. 0. Covert, NO.; frank Harman, V.ti.) Jamea
wyall, secretary ; w. Kl. Mailory, Tn-aaur.r.
Aurora ImAq. No. 10ft, (Oermanl Meet at the
Hall, corner of Union and Summer atrceta, every
inuraouy Kvriitug. int oraoc.re. are : Charlea Kich.
N O.; P. Erledtua , V.O.) Uitterlich, Sooretary ,
Geo. twiferU, Treasurer.
UiilgtU Encampment, No. 1 Mwta at the abov Hal
eu tho Urat and third We.1nond.ye nf eaon Month.
Tbe ollloer are: J. lb. Uilla. CP.; T. U. UeHnde. H P :
. F. EulWr, H W.; Peter llarrla, Jr.. J.Vt.i John '
Hide, Uorlb ; B. H, Cutter, Truaaurer.
OUto ffraaci imiiulmU. No. i Miet. at th
above 1U un tb- auiud and fourth WediieadaT
ulght of each mouth. The ollicora are: Jas. T Uulu
C P.: Henry Applft.U P'i 1.. Mok.r, S.W.j B. fried
man, J.W.. Cl.fa Klrolier, for toe; J. l. Hard.
TrtMuurer,
Tho IWw n Daughter, r PheliahXt4it th fir.
Friday afternoon of w li mouth, at 8 o'clock. :
XflLITAKY (iTJA&TEBS AND OfFICEES.
Foot Headciuttrte; oa iliu street (!a. Neyley,
oommaudiiig.
Uutriafr iluadouartor on So rumor itreut (Dr.
Ford' roantence.) W. H. Htdell, Uttj. loth U. S. in.
fantry, A. A. A. 0.
IVo-o AfirAaJ H-adiuartor at tb Capitol, A,
0. Uillein, Col. Ut TVliu. iuraulry.
Chilf ijuarlormoior Headquarter on
Cberry ,tr- 1 No. 10, (IudKe Catron a reatduuoe. )
Oait. J . 0. Hincl.aoi. -
AHUknt tjuarternuuter N 0 . Cherry ilreel. Ct.
R. htevvnaou.
Alml OnartonnaMer Vine trtt, near Mia,
Pulk'i rwideui. t u,.l. H S. Limb.
Amionl uwanwar--No. 87, Marital atteet.
CairC J. W. little.
Vhief t GMMUir- Hea.iqu.rUra, No 10, Via It.
C..t. R. Maufeel).
(V,iMNMiri of kulittmoo flroad atraet. ('apt. S
Little.
iWwi Orminuratf nf Mtulnw-Ctirurt of Broad
tud Cnlu .ire. U I. o ol thai le AUB.
Jffd.fol ),re.(t.r 'iiinuier elreel. (IK. Kurd' old
r.wot.in e ) f.irKi'oo, V.. I 'I.
JHn.iMi I'urtrot.r't (; t'lmri:U ilreet, Ma.iKiia
p.nl iii'K ,1 H l inn a, M.i.teou, tin llenlucky In
fantry, Acting Ucdttel I luroor.
JTullishei Ijf an Asmcialhn of Trintrt.
I Office en l'rtntcrt' Alley, between
CnlOM and Deaderlck Street. '
FRIDAY. MORNISQ, DEC. 19., 1802.
The Capture ofFn dcricksburgJ
Graphic . Account of the Bombard
merit $nd Capture of the City I
r OCR SPECIAL ARMT CORRESPONDENCE.
Headquarters Army ok tub Totomac,
....... Dec. 11, 18G2.
To-day has witnessedono of those rare,
grand speclacles of war the bombard
merit of the city. , For days the attack
bad been looked for with anxiety, and
with each successive evening the morrow
was prophesied and the inaugural occa
ion of the much talked of winter cam
paign; but weeks slipped by, and yet
we rested in our camps, while along the
ridges just across the river batteries
nightly sprang from the earth, as it by
magic, and the increasing smoke of the
enemy's camp llres wrapped hill and
valley in nndistingusihable ftlooni. Wild,
exciting rumors were greedily accepted
for'facts, and a thousand statements, as
ridiculous at they were contradictory,
Hew like wildtlre irom camp to camp.
Throughout the week there had been
indications that the crisis was rapidly
. . .... 1 J I
approaching, and each night the troops
retired at tattoo fully confident that the
roar of artillery would be their reveille
'' Last evening, at snndown, the move
ment commenced. Batteries hastened to
the front, wagon trains were removed
from the vicinity of the anticipated bat
tie, the ponderous pontoons joined the
current hurrying riverward, and night
closed down upon us bright and beauti
ful, with our pulses throbbing quick with
eager expectations. Aruiiery never
seemed to rumble so noisily befole, and
the sharp cluck of the iron axles echoed
far and near, as if in league with the
enemy. Down by the river everything
was as quiet as peace. (Jur pickets,
composed or the fitty-iirst l'ennsylva
nia regiment, sat listhssly about their
fires, watching the" rebel sentries and
crunching hard tack. The river swept
smoothly by, placid as the sky above,
and just over there, bo close one almost
wished to tell them of their error, stood
the rebel sentrie", while a soothing move-
ment of rushing waters in the rapids up
stream swelled sofily down the valley.
From the thresholds of the city the sharp
yelp ot curs rang now and then discor
dantly upon the ear : but with the bat
tcries in position the cause of their out
cry would be removed, and silence again
settle down upon the town, broken only
by the tones ol the town clock , tolling
the midnight hours. And so the time
slipped along. The moon climbed higher
up, and the falling dew whitened iuto
frost npou our ponchos, while the horses,
restless in tbe chili night air, moved, to
and fro uneasily in their harness.
At two o'clock our pickets were with
drawn, and at three the pontoon train
drove down to the water. Lumber was
noiselessly piled upon the ground, and
the huge boats slid from oil their trucks
Then we hear splashing in the water
a dark pathway lengthens out upon the
silver surface, shadows flit here and
there along its track, the lusty blows of
hammers re-echo from side to side. And
yet no sound comes fiom the enemy.
"Have they evacuated the place?" "Are
we not to lij; lit here after tlli" is asked.
Suddenly! Crackl crack 1 crackt from a
hundred muskets, tells nt tbe ball ia
opened. A cry of pain ooiuti up the
bank from tl.o gallant engineers, mules
dash off, with pontoons thuuderiDg after,
across the plot; the musketry grows loud
cr aud the whiz of bullets more frequent;
frightened teamsters lly, panic stricken,
and the arii'lery horses plunge at the
caissons. Suddeuly, boom ! goes a guu
another and another, until thirty pieces
are pouring ano. and '..H unu the de
voted city. Graham, who did so glori
: ously at Antittam; Kirby, with Kicketts'
old Bull Kun battery; Miller, Durrll, Ty
ler, Smith, Hazard, Kinsey, and Dickson,
1 ,t I . iZ I.! V ,r t,.i .
lost totiieear U the mighty roAr that
w w - . , vS as Vtl 1-1 1 1 4 IA I a
Gradually the fire slackens, and the engi
neers aaiu attempt the eouipleliou of the
bridge, but in va-n; and alter a third
tri.il they fall back, bearing iii their arms
their wounded, dead and dyiog.
It was designed to lay down two bridg
es at once, one at the lower and the other
at the upper end of the city. The cuc
my, posted in the bouses and edl.rt,
upon the bank Ol the river, were sate
from our infantry, aud maintained a con
tinuous fire. Gur Infantry returned the
tiro spiritedly, but, linding it imponaiLU
to drive the rebels from their covet', final
ly, withdrew, leaving the disposition of
the enemy to our ailillery.
. By this time it wa siimisu. The en
gineer (iiliitth Kew York) and liie
Fifty-seventh and Sixty-sixlh New York
regiments bad suliered heavily, and the
wounded soon bcjtn to crowd the floors of
the Lacy House. Other regiments had
also suliered, though much lets, and the
surgeons soon bad work enough.
About eight o'clock artillery fire
ceased. ; The fog was so dense that ob
jects were invisihlo one hundred yards
troni the guns, rredericksbnrg was as
silent as before. Again the engineers
advance, and again the enemy drivel them
back; orderlies gallop to the different
batteries with instructions; a message
orders from Aquia a special train with
solid shot; and again the thunder breaks
out anew. For a time the roar is inde
scribably awful. The. rity from it- walla
of brick burls back a thousand echoes.
which beat up against the Falmouth bluff,
rollback as?ain beyond 'the town, and
then Irom the distant hills once more
swell over to us, as though the heavens
were rent asunder. At General Sumner's
headquarters, half a mile distant, it be
comes didlcnlt to converse in a low tone,
while at the batteries orders must be
signaled. By and by the firing ceases,and
one ia almost awe stricken with
the pro
found silence. The mist still clings to
the river, the sun struggles up red and
fiery, and the air is.suft'ocating with the
odor of gunpowder. Presently the bank
of fog begins to lift a little, and the
glistening roofs gleam faintly through
the veil. then sunbeams scatter
the clouds that intervene, . and Fred
ericksburg, utterly desolate, stands
out before. A huge column of dense
black smoke towers like a monu
ment above the livid flames, that leap.
and hiss and crackle, licking up the snow
upon the roofs with lambent tongues,
and stretching like a giant. The gunt
renew their roar, and we see the solid
l. A 1 II 1 j I. .
ihot plunge through the masonry as
though it were pastboard ; o'her build
ings are fired, ' and before sundown
score of houses.are in ashes, while not one
seems to have escaped the pitiless storm
of iron. A less number Lave been fired
than was anticipated; but the damage
done by solid shot is terrible, and will
require years to repair. Among the suf
ferers is Mr. Garland, a loyal lefugee, who
witnessed the bombardment from the
headquarters of Gen. Sumner, of whose
staff his son is a member. The residence
of Mr. Slaughter, father of the Mayor,
Dr. Wallace's, Mrs. Hayes', and Tim
berlake's auction and commission store,
are among the buildings burned. An
LDglish ensign;hung conspicuously from
one of the houses, which, fortunately for
tne inmates, was less exposed to our Lre.
Females could be seen darting through
the streets, negroes carrying furniture
from burning houses, and now and then
a rebel gliding from one hiding place to
another. Our artillery would drive the
enemy from their cover upon the bauk of
the river; but when compelled to cease,
in order not to endanger the lives f tho
regiments, the rebels would immediately
steal back and pick off oar men with the
rifle.
In the meantime our own troops lined
the hills upon this side as far as the eye
could reach; all intensely watching the
operations. Artillery, cavalry and in
fantry, in solid columns, covered every
plateau, and every camp in the vicinity
was well nigh abanaonee in ihQ desire
to witness the bombardment. A number
of females appeared at the windows in
the city from time to time, waving white
flags and shouting to ns that they wished
to come over. As we were in tho same
predicament, the disappointment was mu
tual, and the affrighted females were left
to the nndmturbed enjoyment of our sym
path y. , Whenever such signals were
displayed, however, the buildings were
spared by our artillerists, so that the in
mates were but little less safe than they
would nave been upon this side.
As night approached it was found that
the enemy had no idea of yielding to ns
a free passage across the river. With
their facilities for shielding themselves,
our artillery could not nermanr-u!"- dis
lodge them, and Companies C and G, of
the beventh Michigan regiment, gallantly
volunteered to -Cioga in boats and drive
' them out of town. Keceiving assent to
their proposition, they sprung into a
couple of pontoon boats, rowed briskly
across, dashed up into the city at double
quick, broke open the houses, and cap
tured thirty-six prisoners, including a
stall' oflleer. , This gallant act secured to
us the opposite side until the bridge could
be completed, and our troops are now in
possession of the city
' Immediately after taking possession
f,h l ( f J(, ,
with artillery from tho hills beyond, but
without effect, and at this hour (nine
o'clock P. M) everything is perfectly
quiet. No, a shot was fired by the reb
els from their baiteriea during the entire
day, with the exception of the few shots
Just at night. Home of our men sulier
ed from our guns, however, a few shell
having exploded this side of the river.
Gur loss in killed and wounded is not
Urge. The rebels, owing to their shel
tered positions, have probably aufl'e.'ed
less thun'we, though at times our (hell
seemed to burst among them with con
siderable e fleet.
General Burnside remained at Gen
eral Hi, inure' I eailiuli leu timing tliu
roitibardiueht, in pl.tin view of the wholo
SCt'llO.
Movements of the Fifti Army Corps.
OUR ARMY WBRESPONDSNCE.
Headquaetwhs, Fifth Army CoRrs,)
Dec 11 l M. $
At an early hour this morninc 'ho long
roll was sounded in the difltirent camps
of this corps, and in a short time the
necessary preparations were made, And
the oilicers and men in line, in readiness
to take part in the stirring busines of
tho day. General Iloeker, commanding'
the grand central division; General lint ;
terfield, commander of this corps, with
the divisjon eonmiaiulora.Uenerals Grililn,
Sykes and Humphreys, were among the
first in their saddles to direct the move.
nient- 't" regiments rent " .- -
their rnlhusiaalio choers, and the oilicers,
equally enthusiastic, prepared to ' lead
them on. , ,
Gen. Sykes' division took the Stafford
Court House road, General Giiflln the
main road leading to Fredericksburg, ami
Gen. Humphreys' men a new road ran-.
nmg parallel with the latter. v '
Gen. Humphreys' men were obliged to
cut their way through three-fourths of a
mile of dense, woods. The men labored
with heartyearnestness, and were not
long in accomplishing their tak. Gen.
Grillln's troops halted in the rear of the
Philips House, and tho other divisions
behind them, all within the space of a
milrt and a half. : ' I
! The Philips House is the central place
of attraction. Gens. Burnside, Hooker,
Sumner, ButterDeld, Griflin, and. other
leading gonerals, have been congregated
here ever since the cannonading com
menced. Windows and porches are
crowded with officers, with field glasses
in hand, as from the elevated ground on
which the house stands a tine view is
afforded of Fredericksburg and the long
ranges cf hills in front of and in the
rear the city.
At the time this despatch closes . the
troops have not crossed the river: but
we shall undoubtedly succeed in cross'
ing this aftornoon.
Before the Battle.
Our Falmouth Correspoiideiicn.
...
In Camp, Near Falmouth, Va , Duo. 10,
Tlie Activity Effort ths Movement Ixi
SuU Lfft Uninihl-Th Order of March
The Three Grand Divisions to Crow
Simultaneonsly Bravery of the Men, tyc,
It has been a busy day in the Fifth
Army corps in anticipation of an early
movo in the morning. Some of our
troops, it is said,' will commence the
march by moonlight. There is general
anticipation or lively work. Two or
three days promise important results to
the Army of the rotoniac. The men are
in high spirits, and have no other antiui
pation than a glorious and victorious ad
vance.
Tho soldiers, it i hardly necessary to
say, have, in view of the movement of our
forces, ceased labor on their log huts.
Unfinished tents and no laborers atwork
uinrn them give the appearance of a gen
eral strike. If there lias not been a strike
in respect to labor, there promises to bo
one iu the respect alluded to by the
poet . , i
, " Mtrjko till tho liwt armed ft expire."
Commissaries and quartermasters are
particularly busy preparing for the com
ing movement. Several days' rations in
haversacks and cocked are being got in
readiness. 1 ' '
lUrey, of horse taming memory, was
at headquarters to-day.
I have seen and read the order regard
ing the movement or the array corps
across the uappahannock.
General Hooker's central grand divi
sion will strike tents and mart on tbo
march at two A. M,. to-morrow. The
right wing, General Sumner, has orders
to cross the Lappahaunnck at niue A.
M., below Falmouth. General Hooker's
Iroops will cross on three pontoon bridges
directly opposite and below Fredericks
burg. Tho Third corps will cross tho
biidnes first, tLe l iftli a irps following
Artillery takes the lead, infantry coming
next; bagae trains ko in the rear, out
ol reach of the em my Lire.
t is understood that the crossing of
the river by tho different grand diviKions
at the various point assigned will be as
nearly at the same hour as possible.
At this hour' there is but little about
the camps indicating that we arc on the
eve of what promises to !be the most im
portant movement of the Army of the
Potomac. Lamp fires are burning bright
ly, and tho men are in unusual exulla
tioa or spirits, u is certain that our
men will be firm and brave, come what
WllL ;.
The Preparations for the Advance of
the Anny.
fi'..rre m leii.-e od the I'rVM )
lliiyi'mK or ia Aaxr or tm l'.r.iic, 1
l.c. II A. M. I
No opportunity is yet divert me to
chronicle the event of to-dty, which are
expectod tub stirring. For some day
Franklin's grand division has been ma
lui'uvering on i.urlrlf, threatening to cross
at Point Conway, seventeen mile below,
to draw a portion of Lep's army in thai
direction, which he I. a succeeded in d
i:r.r.. Though appearing t) push hi
trooj; tlire, the hulk of them remained
Luttwoor three mile from here, and with
- - r1!"""1';-?!
lice's forces thus weakened in our front
a Pimultaneous crossing of the wholoi
army may take place to-day, in the Im
mediate vicinity of Fredericksburg. A
sun of April shone through the sort has
yesterday upon the linirf ring ftnov; Iha
air was ominously still, and numberless
incidents brokened action. Geu. Hunt
Chief of Artillery, and ai Is, assisted by
Captain De Knssey, commanding the re
serve regular artillery, were incessanily
occupied in consultation and the dia
Jribution of orders. Those batteries not
yet placed moved quietly to their
bivouacs upon the hillsides along' tha
river, ready to take positions on thesust
mlt when required; rfttl -- - -
nunurv wrref completed; aids from grand
division generals visited incessantly th
tentof General Parks, Adjutant General,
and all lteavls of departments transacted
final business with the numerous officer
calling upou tbem. Doubleday'a divis
ion of calm young Veterans, the rear of
Reynolds' army corps, passed by here
with laces unconscious of peril, and Burn-
side, in short jacket, moved tranquilly in
ana out or his tent with his hands ia bis
pockets, as a man who bad mado all hia
dispositions, whose mind was easy, and
who was confident of results. Many or
ders, indicative of action, had been post
poned up to yesterday evening, in order
to preserve secrecy, and at this bour it ia
impossible to ascertain, whether they
have yet been given, or what positional
the different corps or the army will take.
mere was a constant movent ntor troops
throughout last night, and coming hour
will reveal their locality. The wholei
army has received cooked rations for
threo days, and sixty rounds of catridge,
and, in addition to recent brigade and
division inspections, eomnanr otTb.-.m
closely examined again yesterday th
arms and accoutrements of each indi
vidual soldier. tThure is a e-eneral sat
isfaction upon every countenance at the
prospect of a move, and spirits grow re-
uunuaui.
HOSPITAL ARRANGEMENTS.
It is a great satisfaction to know that
ample arrangements have been made for
the reception of the wounded men in tho
forthcoming light. Two hospital tonta,
each accommodalinrr twentv men. m
allowed to rach regiment; and, in addi
tion to thsse, the division hospitals have
a sufficient number of tenta to furnish
two or more for each regiment. Consid
ering that many men are wounded in tha
aim-, or slightly in the head, are no
disabled from walking, those accommo
dations will be ample. Good Urea and
coverings will be provided for all hospi
tal inmates, and no suirerimr through th
cold will be endured.
PONTOON ' BRIDOES. ' '
Last cvenine-, at dusk, tho rnrifknw
slate-colored pontoons boats, looking at
a distance like whales, laid wailing upon
their wagons in tho valleys mar the
river, with horses harnessed, ready for
speedy employment.
It was thought they would be laid
across at three this morning, nd that
part of fhe army would immediately fol
low, and engage such troops as might
hasten from their encampments to meet
them. ' ...
The Union . Generals in the Field.
SKETCH or UKN. lit IIIMDi:,
THE COMMANHKR IN CHUT OF tub i,mv
OF THE I'Oi'OMAC.
Major General Ambrose E veritt Ih.rn-
side is a native of Imli ana. fW.m cvKInU
State he was appointed a cadet ti.-
West Point Military Academy in 1843.
He graduated on the ,'jOth of June, 1817,
standing number eighteen in a class of
Miirty-cigot, mernners, among whom we
find the names of General Willcojr, Viele
and others in the Union service, besides
several who have clus. n tho path or the
rebels. On the 1st of Julr. 117 1.. ....
appointed a brevet second lieutenant of
tho Second artillery, and on the 8lh of
September, .1617, was , commissioned a
full second lieutenant of the Third ar
tillery. Iu December of 1851 he was pro
moted to a first lieutenancy, anil raie-ni
hit connection with the reLM.Iir lllPW
on the tfd of October, 1.j3. He then re
tired to civil lire, and was engaged a
Treasurer of th liiinois Central Bailroad,
the same line f travel of which General
McClellaa was President and Engineer-in-Chief.
This position be held at the
breaking out of the rebellion. The "clar
ion call" r the President for troop
to defend, the capital soon brougt Burn
side from bis private position, and at the
head of the First Khodo Island or Gover
nor Spraguu's, Volunteers, ho made hi
way to mu capital, where he arrived on
the 27th of April, HOI, within twelve
days of the issuing of the proclamation,
and at tho head of l.SOO men. When the
army of northeastern Virginia was or
ganized under General McDowell, Colo
nel Burnside wa appointed commander
of the second brigade of tho lecond divi
sion under Colonel (now General) Hunter;
The regiment (three month volunteers)
returned home, and on the Cih of August,
liil, Colonel Burnsid. was fommissioned
a brigadier peneral of volunteers bin
appointment be in placed U he creditof
the Slate of Bhode Island, lie next wan
appointed t th commim! (,f i,rk-aii-ir
i the faiiifj burnside expedition.
l-ONTINlfU U( FufisTu i Afilt.
1
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