Newspaper Page Text
V, - ., -
DAILY S8 ; TBJ-WEEXLY 5; "WEEKLY $2-
A non a. CAMT, iu r. OSSS.
thcm. cuiom, H. KPJirJtKSO"
BY A. S.CAMP CO.
W. HT. SMITH, zdiioTU
IRA P. JON ES, l"0-
IN. IGDeaderlck Street.
ISHAH G. HARRIS,
WASH IX GTOX B A K HO W
A B It A 31 1. D KM OSS.
IK A P. JOXKS.
FRIDAY, JULY 12, 18C1.
Ad Executive long accustomed lo govern
ie necessarily lel to dipcHrd and tpuro tie
voice of the p ople. Banner.
We clip Ibe above from a diingfnnous
article in Wednesdays Banner. Let aa apply
to it the touchrtone cf sincerity. Gov. Har
ris baa already been elected fur t xo ttrms of
the Governorship four year?. Another term
will make eix years a phort period really in
public life, and two years leiw than the State
Confutation authorizes in the case of Gover
nor. A Senator In Congress in elected for
tix year?, and instances are In qui'nt where
individua!i Lave served "jveral terms conse
cutively. A tH at in the Senate Ls a po&ititn
of vaft importance. Until the present crisis".
the Governorship of Tennessee was a posi
tion of lew importance than almost any oth
er State office. We have never beard the
Banner declaim against the length of the
Senatorial term, or against the propriety of
pne of its peculiar friends serving twelve or
eighteen years in it. But our neighbor may
nay tfJs is not an executive 'Blue. V ry well
The Presidency f the Confederate SUU if
an executive cfiee. The term of that effice
is six yean. Yet the Banr.tr, wbilt condemn
ing six years service in the Governorship of
Tennessee, as necessarily leading the Execu
tive to "di-Kiard and spura the voice of the
people," profess-s to favor the Cot federate
States Constitution which fixes the Presiden
i&l term at fix y-ars. What makes it less
dmerous for an executive of the Confeder
ate States to set vi six years? Id the posi
tion of less importance than the Governor
ship of Tennessee? Jeff. Davis has already
been elected Prerid'-nt for one year. He w at
the head of the Government, understands its
wants, knows Us resources, and w hat is nec
essary to its defence, and the prosecution of
the war to a successful termination. He will
be a candidate for re-election. The reasons
that render the re-election of Gov. Harris a
public necessity in Tennesee, are similar to
those which will render the re-election of
Jeff. Davis a public necessity in the Confed
erate States. But how can the Banner con
tent to see Davis serve seven yeass ? To be
consistent our neighbor must Eeek to depose
him, and substitute tome willing instrument
of disorganization for the great revolutiona
ry leader. Every objection, nearly, urged
against Gov. Harris has been made to Da
vis. He is an old Democrat, has been de
nounced for hia radicalism, and as discrimina
ting against Lis old party enemies and ia t
vor of hia old party friend in his appoint
ments. Are we to have the Banner in the
field against both Harris and Davis? We d
not see how it can discriminate between
Bat, we will not parsue the subject further.
We have already said enough to show the
captions sp'rit of the Banner and the insigni
ficance of its objections to Gov. Harris.
On Wednesday, the Banner, speaking of
Gov. Harris, said he
" Has used the immense patronage of his
office mainly to reward the men who have
been his partisan adherents, dropping in now
and then a former opponent for appearance's
Gov. Harrh has made two canvasses of the
State aa the candidate of the democratic par
ty for Governor. He baa not since 185 been
before the people aa a candidate for any posi
tion, by which he could gain "partisan adber
ecitn" consequently he had no "partisan ad
nertlnt8," except those which belong; -d to the
democratic party. The contest in February
between the Secessionists and Union men
was of no ore concern to Gov. Harris than
to any prir&te citizen in the State, and be
had no more and no leas to do with it. He
certainly made no "partisan adherents' in
A gentleman of this city, wishing to ascer
tain the facta, made an investigation relative
to the political character of the appointments
made by Gov. Harris, and the result of which
was published in the Patriot of the 10th. It
established the fact that out of 12C appoint.
rnents, sixty-five were opposition, taking the last
Presidential election aa the basN, and sixty-
one "partisan adherents" of the Governor, if
it be proper to use the term. Thi B inner
cannot get over this confounding fact, so it
endeavors to go around it, by set king to
make the contest in February last the stan
dard of comparison. Well, we deny the cor
rectness of its statement, allowing it the ben
efit of its own selected standard, and we
challenge it to publish the list of appoint
ments giving the position of each appointee
last February. If yon believe your state
ment accurate, set to work and prove it.
Th Magnificent II uslnesa Qu&llfl
cations of Col. AV. II. Folk."
Those who are acquainted with the Colonel
will smile when they read the above remark
able caption. It reminds us of an incident
connected with one cf the mot distinguished
British Essayists. The Essayist (stepped into
London Book Store to make a purchase.
Taking up one with a fascinating exterior,
be opened it at the index, which, be remarked,
was "magnificent." Said be, to the book
eeller, "Sir, this beautiful book has a magnifi
cent index. I believe I will take it." The
Bookseller smiled the Ensayia set to work
to examine the volume. After a general per
usal, be returned the book, saying "This
book has a most magnificent index, without an
idea in. the volume." So with the Colonel's
Easiness qualifications he bas not an inci
dent or instance in the whole volume of his
bisbW Is such a gentleman the proper
nersod t iatrust, in these momentous times,
ith the lives of thirty thousand soldiers, the
bonor and brtnnea of a million of people!
Will the sobef-minded and intelligent people
of tbia State abandon such a man as Gov.
Harris, who has proved mmeeu adequate to
every emergency through which our glorious
State has yet passed, magnificent rz
perimnd. -- j-
William 11- Folx, a name dear to Xnnr s
o and a man conspicuous lor his wibdoin,
Sage, and devotion to bis loved State and
Tii ber cheribhtd interests, is now before the
rjjjleenmmoned by thousands of voices
tr7"" ----- mninn r.f Tennessee to steD for-
froro c v , -
ward and lead ber patriotic sons to asuccest
f ul termiiW-i00 ol this crisis, Banner, j
" it is singular that the sooupona of "thou
sands - of voicea from every portion of Ten
nessee" was not ieard any wbtra except in
Ihe office of the Banner .
Alas, fof tie "patrioic'ooua" fcf TwBe&twe
if they are never led to a successful termi
nation or this crisis" until Mr. Pols leads
them there, they might as well fold tbeir
arms and abandon the struggle. He will
never be chosen to lecd ibt-m. Tbey have a
leader now in whom they ctn confide, and in
tend to k-p bim a le.der whom thy know
to be true. Mr. Polk may be, and we doubt
not is, with the South now, and , desires b-.r
Independence. But in the great struggle im
mediately following President Lincoln's Pro
clamation of the 15tu of April, where was
he? Did be ex-rt his influence in favor of
the Separation of Tennessee from the Fede
ral Government? We have never heard of
Lis uttering a word on the subject previously
to the eb etion. He was voiceless whilst al
most all of the public men of Tenuessee were
speaking whenever occasion offered. He was
so quiet, thut the community in which be re
sided scarcely knew hia position. When the
patriotic sons" of Tennese conclude to
give np such a Chief as Gov. Harris, they
will choose some one to take bis place whoce
position ia that great upheaving of public
svntim'-nt which ended in the declaration of
Tennessee Independence, was open and bold.
There is a .mething'mopt singularly nn pa
triotic in the course of those who would seek
to divide the councils of the people and par-
liz- tbtir will by attempting to turn the
election of a Gotkrnor, with his present pa
tronage, into a particular cbanuet, which
must rua iuto their own party or their purse.
It is to be boned that there are but tew of
this class. Banner.
Our neighbor seems to understand bis own
position precisely. He bas duguerreoty ped it
to the life. Who is seeking to turn the elec
tion of Governor, with all bis patronage into
a particular channel, but the Banner and the
few who are following it iu the support of
Poi.k ? Into what party and what purses is
the Polk movement expected to run the pat
ronage of the State! These are considera
tions which we regard as beneath the digni
ty of the canvass, but we presume the Ban
ner regards them as legitimate.
Political Programme. The Nashville
Banner puts this inquiry to the friends of
Gov. iiai r;s :
"1 it uccessary, then, to re-elect Gov.
Harris for tbe purpose of securing his elec
tion to tbe Confederate Senate, and giving
the State benate an opportunity to make
John Doe Governor for two years?"
Thuj far this pertinent interrogatory has
not b"en answered. It is rumored, however,
that that is the programme. Harris is first
to be elected Governor (that is, if the people
will ratify the edicts of the political mana
gers) and then be t-corues a candidate for
the Senate, leaving him the opportunity to
appoint his ow n successor. Jlcinyhu Bulletin.
The rumor here epoken of is nothing else
than fiction. There is no foundation for it,
except in the apprehensions of bis enemies ;
who know thut he bas discharged bis duty,
and w ill not shrink from any responsibility
neces-ary to secure the success of the South.
They are afraid that he will l sent to the
Senate, where they know he would not lend
himself to the intrigues of compromise! s and
reconstructionists. They know he is the sort
of man the masses love, and they envy bim.
But, really. Gov. Harris is not an aspirant
for Senatorial honors. He has other things
to think of. Whilst his enemies are slander
ing bim, he is engaged actively every day.
doing all he can to advance tbe cause of
Southern Independence aad to pn.t ct them
and their children from the assaults of their
East Tennessee Its PoHitlon and
The Knoxville Whig of tiie 9th iust , has a
long article under this headiDg, We presume
the tliy speaks the sentiments of the princi
pal leaders in that section, and that tbe ar
ticle in question Indicates the line of policy
w hich they would have the people adopt. We
deem it proper, therefore, to state briefly what
1st. It proposes that the voters on the 1st
of August, at the regular election, vote agaimf
tlie jtrmanenl Constitution of the Confederate
States, to how '-their abhorrence and detesta
tion of the so-called Southern Confederacy,
and their determination not to be dragged
2d. That they vote for and elect Congresi
men to represent them iu the Congress of the
31. That they vote for members of the
General Assembly pledged to the policy of a
4th. That Mr. Kelson, the President of
the Greenville Convention, order an election
to be held ou the same day, for delegates to
a Convention at Kingston.
5th. That the voters of East Tennessee
vote for and elect a Governor for that section
These propositions manifest plainly that
the chief leaders in East Tennessee have not
abandoned their idea of a separate State Gov
ernment, and that they intend to create trou
ble and strife. The Mltiy indeed declares that
they will not go into the Confederate Slates
either by peaceable or forcible submission. '
Tbe conclusion of tbe Wh'g't manifesto
shows that tbey are expecting aid from the
Federal Government. It says
But bhould every pacific effort fail, it is
gratifying to know that we shall not be left
to struggle fir our independence alone. We
bave from the National Intelligencer, an authen
tic source, assurances that our constituiional
and h-gal rights will be sustained and pro
tected against the aggressions of our uncon
stitutional rulers; and lrom Robert J. Breck
inridge, D. D., the encouraging declaration
that thousauds of brave and. loyal Kentuck
i ins. are ready to rally nnder the flag of Rob
ert Acderson. the gallant defender of Fort
Sumter, for the defense of their compatriots
iu East Tennessee. The path of duty is clear
ly before us, and in the end will be the -path
of peace. Let the thousands of Union men in
Etst Tennessee, who belong to Home Guaids,
drill regularly, -keep up their organizations,
and bold themselves in readiness to strike for
their independence, and to defend their right
whenever called upon, and driven to that
dread alternative !
Tbe policy of tbe State Government has,
thus far, been conciliatory towards tbe peo
ple of East Tennessee. It was believed that,
having been deceived by traitorous leaders
ia whom they bad confidence, tbey would
gradually awake to a senee of tbe nnpatriotic
position in which tbey were placed, and Dual
ly acquiesce willingly in the decision of the
Stare. It is evident, however, that the lead
ers w hom the Whig represents, have been em
boldened by conciliation, and will not, if tbey
can prevent it, permit the masses who have
been milled, to return to reason. Tbey seem
to hare determined to carry ther intrigues
to a point which will iuBure a bloody arbi
trament. ' : - ! '
MnuocRi State Coxvextios Called. It
will be seen by the following extract from a
St. Louis paper, of Saturday, that a faction
bas made the following revolutionary calli
SrXoixs, Mo July C. 1SCI. We. the un
dersigned, being a maj.riiy of tbe committee
or toe oonven ion of itie State of Missouri.
charged with the duty of convening the said
Convention, at such time prior to tho third
Monday of December, 18C1, audat such place
as tbey may think tbe public exigencies re
quire, do hereby uotity ibe said Convention 1
to assemble and meet at Jefferson Citv in the'
State of Misouri, on the Twenty-Second day of
July, in the year of our Lord Eighteen hun
dred and sixty-one.
ii. Wilson, -J.T.Tindall, J.W.McClnrg,
James R. McCormack, Thomas T. Gantt
Majority of tbe Committee. . i
3grl is announced in the papers fa
voring the election of Mr. Folk" that be
assumes the position against KitvnUf If it is
against Mr. Polk'n w ill to be a candidate,
whose "wUi"iiJ it T Surely not the People's
for they bave already doclared for Mr.
Harris. OJidbyvillt Ezpuritor.
Tbe Secession of the Fractional Parts
of Tennessee and Virginia.
From the importance of this subject, we
solicit for this communication a deliberate
nerusal. W e never address the public except
upon questions of State or national import
ance, and tnen never in a discourteous man
ner. We shall attempt to prove that the con
tem plated disintegration ol the States of
Tennessee and Virginia is subversive of all
Government and violative of all law. To do
so effectually we must be somewhat analytii-
ai in our discussions, but not necessarily too
tedious or insipid.
First. What is a Slate in its ordinary ac
ceptation! Man is apolitical as well as a
social animal. Hence all men, in all ages,
have bad rulers or laws those that made aud
those that obeyed them those that judged
and tnose tbat were judgea tnose tnat exer
cised and those tht obeyed power Chief
tains and followers, - Prioces and subjects.
Magistrates and citizens always superiors
and inferiors. Ibe helplessness of infancy
and old age, and the sickness and infirmities
of manhood, contestably prove that man can
not live isolated and alone. Hence be is
forced by an inevitable necessity to live in
mutual dependence with bis fellow man in
relations of right and justice controlled by
laws which guide his actions obedient to
authority which enforces these laws if not
willingly obeyed, and decides when the inter
ests aud rights of individuals clash with each
other. A State, therefore, is a collective
body, composed of a multitude of individu
als united together in mutual dependence, f r
their common security and protection, coin
pelld to act by one uniform will or rule.
What is a Sovereign State 1 It ia a state that
can euact civil laws, which regulate all the
rights and conduct of its own citizens among
themselves political laws, which establish
tne form or fundamental principles, of gov
ernment thu manner which the pub'ic au
thority is to be exercised, aud the regulation
of all its external relations with foreign na
tions. "When a State can thus act iudepend
ent of all others, it is then a Sovereign State.
But what is Soeereign power in a State f It
is the effluence and confluence of all power
the fountain from, and to which, emanates
and terminates all derived, vested or delega
ted authority itself without any source im
prescrjptable in the nature of man, as abso-(
lately necessary as society, and in existence
coeval with it. In absolute monarchies, sov
ereign power exists in tbe monarch in aris
tocracies such as foenierly were Venice and
Genoa, in lordly nobles in Republics such
as the North American and ancient Athens, in
the people. Thus in the Sovereign States of
America in their eollectiee capacity as States,
and not in their stparaU parts as countie ,
towns, or civil districts, the sovereign power
reHidts ia the people. Sovereign power in
a State is inseparable and indivisible, and
therefore cannot be divided into fractional
parts such as towns, civil districts or coun
ties it belongs to the entire people of a
State as a whole, aud not to the people of a
division as a part.
Are tUe several States of the Northern and
Southern Confederacy independent and sov
ereign ? They are sovereign and independent
in all things not surrendered in tbe Constitu
tion of these Governments, and are consid
ered on general principles by each as foreign
States, though iudeed their mutual relations
are more of domestic mdepeudeuce than of
But what relation do the divisions, such
as towns, counties and civil districts, of which
each State is composed, bear to their respec
tive States? They are in every respect de
pendent creatures cf the sovereign States.
They cannot exi-t iu territorial metes and
. . . - i
bomuls, mey caunoieieci a single oiucer, p iy
any tax or exercise any lunctions of authori
ty or power without the express sanction of
the sovereign legislative authority of the
State. Suopose all the people of a congres
sional or civil district were to remove out of
the State, would this destroy or impair the
sovereign authority of the people of a State
over the uninhabiud portion ? Therefore all
sovereign or independent power of these
fractions of counties, towns and civil dis
tricts are merged in, and absorbed by tbe su
preme and sovereign authority of the whole
people of a State. If this be true, upon
what principle of constitutional law can any
fragment of the Slates of Virginia or Teu-
nesse exercise tbe sovereign and independent
lower, f( r any cause, to declare themselves
independent of these States, and annex them
selves to any Federal Government to which
their State, do not belong ?
Again, the States, or the people thereof.
bave created the Federal Government, and
so too they have created all their divisions,
counties and towns, liut wbile tney nave
parted with some of their sovereign powers
tor national purposes to the two Federal
Governments, tbey bave not parted wfth a
siucle attribute or power of sovereignty irre
vocably to any county, town, or civil dis-J
trict within their environs. Again, it is stat
ed in the Constitution, or in tbe Declaration
of Higbis of every State iu this Uuion, "tbat
all free Governments are founded uon the
authority of the people, and instituted for
their peace, salety, and happiness, and as all
power is inherent in them, tbey bave the in
alienable and indefeasible right to alter, re
form, and abolish the government in such
manner as they may tbiuk proper." And it
is under this undeniable constitutional right
and authority tbat the seceded States bave
separated lrom tbe Northern Abolition Con
federacy. But iu what State Constitution
has any bill of rights declared these impre
scriptuble, these inalienable powers, were re
served to, aud could be exercised by the peo
ple separately ol a county, town, or civil dis
trict? Hence, the doctrine that a county,
or several counties or towns, have as much
right to secede from a State- as a State from
the Federal Government, is perfectly absurd.
Again, to prove most conclusively fiat the
people of East Tennessee aud West Virginia,
or those of a couuly or town, have no right
whatever to erect for themselves within the
jurisdiction of these States a separate and in
dependent government, or to unite the frag
ments of other States, aud form such a State
without the express Legislative sanction of
tbe sovereign people of these States, we will
cite the highest authority the Constitutions
of the two Federal Governments. These
Constitutions declare, section III., article IV.,
'That no new SUte shall be formed or erect
ed within the jurisdiction of auy other State,
nor any ether State be formed by the junc
tion ot two or more States, or parts of States
without the consent of the Legislatures of tfts States
concerned, as well as Congress." The Congress
of the two Confederacies alone can admit new
States into their fellowship; but neither Con
gress can admit a new State composed cf de
tached portions of other Steles, into their
Union, without the sovereigu sanction of the i
Legislature ol tne &taies concerned, . xuus
the Constitutions of tbe N-rtbern and South
ern Confederacy deny the right aud authority
of tbe people of any portion of East Tenues
see and West Virginia to separate themselves
from their respecive States without tbe sov
ereign sanction of the people of those Slates,
expressed through their Legislatures.
Again it is declared in Article 5th of tbe
Constitution of both the Federal Govern
ments, "that they guarante i to every State a
Republican form of government, and shall
nrotect each other against foreign invasion.
and on application of the Legislature or the
Executive tbereor, against domestic vio
lence." Here both the Northern and South
ern Confederacy guarantee the sovereignty
and integrity of each State, both against for
eign enemies or domestic foes. This clause de-
. . . - . .1 . f o...
meS lo any poruuu ui iue ueujuc vi a otase
the right to revolt agaiust its sovereign au
thority, nullify its laws, and erect a separate
independence, or invite foreign armies into
the State, to assist tbem iu their fojeigu al
legiance aud annexation.
We will now prove, that in all the phases
of revolution aud government through which
our people bave passed, no divisions ot
States, counties or towns have ever bad in
any respect, a recognition of a separate inde
pendent existence, or authority, but in every
instance tbey were regarded, as absorbed by
the several states aud inseparable from tbem.
In all Royal Grants, in all acts, of the Brit
ish Parliament during our Colouial depend
ence, Great Britain never recognized tbe sep
arate sovereign existence of counties, civil
districts, wards of cities or town. Tbey were
absorbed by the . various , colonies iu their
identity and authority, and were regarded as
inseparable from them. Again, our Declara
tion of Independence was signed by delegates
from tbe several States, as sovereign in their
authority; and iu our recogniz d independ
ence bv foreign powers, and especially by
Great Britain, iu 1783 each sovereign- State
was named separately in every treaty. Again,
at Philadelphia on the 5th day of July, 1778.
the Tlurtten ArttcUs lorming our nauouai
Government were sigued by "Delegates oa
the nurt and in behalf of each sovereign
State." ' Again, In Philadelphia, on the 17 th
of September, 1787, "tbe deputies of twelve
sovereign owiieo uuuecuiiuf vuc wuniwMwu
was signed with tbe declaration tbat the rat
ification of tbe convention of nine States
shall be sufficient to establish this Constitu
tion between the States ratifying the same."
Although in both of the above Congresses
some sovereign States had a largefTepresen-
tation than others, yet eaon btate naa uuiy
one vote to represent its sovereignty.
bo far. we see not the least recognition or
the existeuee or legal rights of any fractional
portion of a SUte nothing, indeed, but the
sovereign power and authority of tbe State
as an Judivjuable unity.
Let ns now eiamlne the forraatinft of the"
State Governments, to see If any fractional
portions or tn States nave any rpcogniz-id
separate existence or autbont v. The forma
tions of the State Governments of T-nnessee
and Virginia are analogous. ". Tennessee
adopted ber prBent Constitution on the 30th
ot August, 1831, at Nashville,vand its prenm
ble is a follows : "We, therefore, the Dle
gates and Representative or the People of tfie State
of Tennessee, elected and in convention assem
bled, have ordained and established the fol
lowing amended Constitution for this State.
which we recommend to lha people of the State
ior tneir rattncation." Thus we see tne
delegates were the representatives of tbe sov
ereign people of the whole State, and thai
the Constitution had to be ratified by them
fore its ultimate adoption. Here, also, the
existence and separate authority of aiy frac
tion or tbe btate is entirely ignored. And
does not every officer of this S'ute, from the
nigbest to the lowest, as well as every mem
ber of the Legislature and the Jjdiciary,
swear upon their assumption of office, to sup
port this Constitution, and all laws passed in
pursuance thereof by Legislative authority.
How, therefore, can the law-abiding citizen
of Virginia and Teunesse abjare their alle
giance to the Southern Confederacy, by nulli
fying aad abrogating the laws, ordinances
ani solemn compacts of the sovereign people
and tbeir representative Legisla'.nres? b or
these States have now transferred tht Fede
ral allegiauce of their p -ople to this Confed
eracy. This doctrine of S'-ctional alienation, or the
segregation of a sovereign Site by any of
its yarts or sections, is ot desiotic character.
and opposed to the fundamental principles of
tree government. Ibe doctrine tbat a part
should rule the whole, or a minority tiicmijori
ty, is the chief corner.stoue of all de-potic,
aristocratic governments. The Thirty Ty
rants of Atbens,t he tyrannic and haughty No
bles of Genoa, Venice, Z lrica, Berue, and
Fribourg.clatmed tbe right to rule the people
as a privileged minority, on account ot their
superior wisdom or fortune or family. Agxin,
once admit tbe principle that a few have tbe
right to rule the many, and you at one b
gal ze a Triumvirate, such as ouce existed in
Rjnie, when Cte-iar, Crassus, and Pompey
overthrew the liberties of Romans, aod
reigned Lords paramount, or a royal despot
ism, such as afflicted Sparta when'two Kings
sat upon the throne; or a solitary despotism
such as obtained in France nnder Louis XIV,
or in Spain under Phillip II, or in Rome un
der Nero and CalliguU. This doctrine of tbe
right of a lew to rule the many a pait the
whole State, is tbe germ or seminal principle
of a despicable tyrauny.
We will now prove tbat it is not only sub
versive of all stable government, but totally
disrupts all political and social bonds. Con
gressional districts are divided iuto counties,
these into civil districts, . and these into
neighborhoods, and these latter iuto distinct
lamiiies. Iu the recent elections in East
Tennessee and We-t Virginia, many of the
counties voted with the maioriiv of their
Stales for separation and au alliance with
the Southern Confederacy ; while these
voters constituted respectable minorities in
other couuties, aud formed majorities iu manv
civil districts and neighboruoods. Now these
majorities of civil districts, neighborhoods,
and several counties of these divisions of tbe
two fctate8. have as much right to secede
from these two divisions, and set up separate
governments lor themselves, and form foreign
alliances with federal or foreign goverum euia
as these two divisions of East Tennessee and
West irginia have. Why have the former
not these rights? The majority of these two
divisions over these counties - and civil dis
tricis was not near so great as tlia of tbe
whole Stale over these divisions, ana the doc
trine that the minority should rul t the ma
jority is also applicable to their case. Tnen
it this doctrine be true, would it not divide
these States iuto an innumerable number of
separate and independent republics, aristo
cracies, or monarchies some of domestic aud
others of foreign allegiauce. For the people
or these petty governments would bave the
sovereigu right to ally themselves with any
government they might select. Would this
not disorganize tbe social and political bonds
of couuties, districts and neighborhoods, and
subvert all stable aud uniform government
within the btateT
Again, the law of nations repudiates this
doctrine of the independence and sovereignty
ot tbe fragments of States, buppose tbe
people of Last Tennessee or West Virginia,
n ueuance ot tbe laws and sovereign power
of these States, were, upon their own respon
sibility, to invade the territory of Eaglaod,
r ranee, or any other Power, aud plunder aud
murder their inhabitants. If any of these
Foreign Governments were to capture any of
these self styled independent aud soverign
people, they would bang tbem as common
thieves and murderers. Why? Because the
International Law regards Nations alone iu
their united sovereign capacity aud respon
sibility, and not in their fractional parts and
lawless arrogations. Besides this doctrine
tbat individuals of a section can divest them
selves at wdl of State .obedience and legal
responsibility, legalizes and encourages the
infraction of all law aud the commission of
many crimes with impunity. It would trans
form States into nests of corsairs, thieves
and murderers, as were ouce Tunis, Tripoli
This is true of all civilized governments
tbat every part must be obedient to the will
of the whole that the whole must protect
every part tbat ech individual member
must submit to tbe laws of the sovereign
power of a State, and without this submis
sion of all, no protection and security can
be extended to any.
Thus have we essayed to prove that this
doctrine ot sectional independence of parts
of a sovereign State, despite of its authority
or sanction, is subversive of all stable Gov
ernment and violative of all law. See Chit's
Black, vol. 1. p. 32 and 33 ; Story Com. on
C. vol. 1, p. 208 ; Kent's Com, v. 1, p. 18 ;
7 Craneb, 481 ; Enc Americana, v. XI, p.
501 ; Vat. chap. 3, p. 8, 9, 10 ; Wheat, L. of
N. p. 126 and 127 ; Adams' His. of Reps.,
vol. 1st ; Lieb. Pol. Eih., vol. 1, from p. 241
to 260 ; Wbeatou, p. 324.
W. N. BILBO.
The Voice of Jackson Couutr.
A large and enthusiastic meeting of tbe
citizens of Jackson county irrespective of
party, was held in Gainsboro ou the 4th inst.,
aod Circuit Court being in session, tbe meet
ing was represented by voters from all parts
of the county.
On motion of Maj. R. P. Brooks, Joshna
Haile was called to the chair. Alter explain
ing the object of the meeting to be for Jack
son to express ber voice in, and views of the
present Gubernatroial canvass, the chair
appointed R. P. Brooks, J. P. Murray, Sam
G. Slaughter, Peter G. Cox and L. C. Hall a
committee to draft resolutions for action be
fore tbe meeting, Whereupon tbe following
resolutions were presented by J. P. Murray
on behalf of the Committee, and were unan
imously adopted :
Resolved, Tbat the administration of His
Excellency, Isbam G. Harris, as Governor of
Tennessee, meets our unqualified approba
tion, that be is our choice for Governor at the
ensuing August election, and that we, with
out distinction of party, pledge bim our
united support, and that we deem it unneces
sary for bim to canvass this portion of the
State, as tbe united voice of the people is
for bis reelection.
Besolved, Tbat we earnestly n quest the
Hon. William U. Polk to withdraw from the
canvass for Governor, as we do not desire
tbe harmony of tbe people disturbed by a
canvass. That we make this appeal to tbe
Hon. William H. Polk with the kindest feel
ings for bim and hid friends who desire to
bring him before the public
Jitsolved, That tbe proceedings of this
meeting be published iu tbe Republican
Banner, Nashville Patriot and Union and
American. . . .
On motion the meeting adjourned sine du.
JOSHUA HAILE, Chairman.
R. H. Washburn, Secretary.
Tbe nan for tbe Times.
We bave at this issue of our paper, as will
be seen, pl -ced tbe name of Isha.m G. Harris
at our mast head lor Governor. We do this
knowing tbat it no less r fleets tbe will ot the
people of Bedford, than it meets with our in
True, we bave differed heretofore with
Gov. Harris in politics, but these differences
bave ceased to exist owiug to the critical con
dition of our country. His manly and bold
resistance to the usurping power ot an abolition
government in refusing lo obey the call . of
Lincola for volunteers and bis firm and un
swerving devotion t o tbe South and her in
terests, are, together with experience aud
capacity to ably represent us in the present
emergency, some or the reasons w hy we are
for him. - :
We call 7 upon old Bedford ' to come out
again as one man, aud by tbeir votes show
to the world that gallaut and chivalrous
Tennessee ia not oaly proud of ber chief
executive, but willing to endorse hia acts
which will give glory to ber and immortality
to him. Shelbyville Expositor.
fig'- df graph-
M. W. BARR.nt Imlville-, Ky.,ls the spta'
and recoenized nnnt of the Southern Aoeite.i
Prrs, at that point, Hid Nw York AssociaUHl Press
navinz ceaset to bare any rontroi ni mailer tele
CTaohed to newsivtiie 8 smith of Ixuifvillf.
So telegraph operator or aeeDt is permitted to make
tip such, reiiorw. The Telegraph l omnany bs no
agency whateve- in the preparation ol dispwtrhes for
the prBS, ur is it in any manner responsible for the
charaotpr or truth ol this Kind or news.
From New York,
New Yokk. Jnlv 10 Tbe steamer Canada
has arrived at Halilax with Liverpool dates
of the 29th. Cotton sales Saturdsv, 15,000
bales, of which Speculators and Exporters
took 8 000 bils at full priceo, with an ad
vancing tendency. Bread-uffs q'liet and
unchanged. Provu-ions dull.
Bcckhaxxox, Va., July 10. M'Clellan re
ports tbat the Southerners are strongly en
trenched within to miles of bis camp, and
directs tbat all forces within a radius of forty
miles shall join hi column immediately.
Bcckuanxax. July 11. A reconnoitering
party venturing too near the Southern lines.
one was killed and two wounded. Skirmish
e- duriiig the past two days htve been rather
bloody. The Southerners are strongly en
trenched, and if tbey make a determined
stand, a heavy loss ot life is inevitable. Mc
Clellan was to bave attacked tbem this morn-
Ribiimon'd, July 9. No news of interest to
day. Ibe morning's pipers state that John
son's forces are at Winchester.
A letter from Norfolk to the Examiner, says
Liieut. Maury, having plantinl heavy guns in
all the approaches to tbat city, has gone to
some other fk-ld. He will continue his la
bors until the avenues leading to our princi
pal cities are so strongly fortified that the en
emy dare not attempt to pass them.
St. Loos. July 11. The Dmorat says.
Seigel had 1,200 men and ten pieces of artil
lery. Tbe Southerners had 6.000 men, inclu
ding manv horsemen, and seven pieces ot ar
tillery. The battle in which Col. Wolf was
killed, was fought Saturday, SO miles from
Washington-, July 11. Tbe mail are en
tirely discontinued iu Middle and West Ten
nessee. Washington. July 11. D:fli3ulties regard
ing tbe Mexican Treaty preclude direct mail
Washington', July 11. Senate Fesenden
reported the House bill for tbe payment of
volunteers, appropriating $5,750,000. Pass d.
llou-ie bills were reported for appropriations
to carry on the Government. Referred to
Committee ot the whole.
Stevens hoped the Committee on wavs and
means would bave business up. so the Houses
could adjourn Thursday next. Tbe Committee
is disposed to give tue Government every
thing it asks for.
Lov joy wont vote to increase the Stand
Baltimore, July 11. Col. Thomas has
beeu indicted tor piracy and treason.
New Yokk, July 11. Tbe new Lord Chan
cellor took bis seat under the title of Lord
Westburg. The British N ival Commanders
are not to recognize the closing of the New
Locisville, July 11. Tbe Court decides
against Brady & Davis in the Railroad case,
and tbat the Government has a right to stop
Louisville, July 11. Gen. Scott's sup
pression of the telgraphic correspondence
has suppressed "Cleveland's" Cincinnati En
quirer's correspondence. This is a misfortune,
as tne only reliable reports thence came
through 'Cleveland." The Cincinnati Com
mercial of this morning bts the following :
"It is refreshing after reading some of the
pitiful, whining, sneaking, snarling para
graphs with which the Editorial columns of
the Cincinnati Enquirer are filled to open the
Louisville Democrat or Jjurnal, and note the
manly earnestness which the Editors of those
papers are standing up for the Government "
the Liomsville Journal of this morning
has the following :
"The Courier calls some of Gen.Roussea-i's
men hard looking chaps. Well, hard look
ing chaps are often hard fighting chaps. Soft
looking ieiiows generally figure better in
ladies drawiug-rooms than in warrior's battlefield-".
The Louisville Telegraphic agent of the
Southern Confederacy calls Rousseau's men
ragamuffins. That's venturing pretty far.
The slandered soldiers across the rivtx may
have in them a spark ot something danger
ous. A ragamuffin who insulted one of them
last week very suddenly ceased to be a raga
muffin, for he didu't have a rag left upon bis
Quinct, I1L, July 11. The State cavalry
appeared at Monroe Station, Missouri, and
routed the Federalists, burning the Station
House, six coiches, .aud eighteen c.irs, and
tore up tbe track on each side of the town,
A messenger is here for assistance. He re
ports Colonel Smith aud fifty men prisoners.
From Fortress Itiouroe.
Fortress Monroe. Julv 11. The Quaker
City captured the Warwick, with 5,000 sacks
of cotlu-e, mostly owned iu Richmond.
MlLWAURIK. Jnlv II. Th Runka ami
Bankers have paid the Zjuaves 1,000 dollars
in gold for shooting their fellow-citizens.
Head This! Remedy For Hog
Nkw Market, Eet Tens., )
June 20. lbol. t
Messrs. Cljrk, Gregory S,- Co., Kaxhvtlle, lenn.:
We nave beard many inquiries made about
the use and benefit of your Ambrosial Od in
cases of Hog Cholera. Tbat all may have an
opportunity to test its utility tor themselves,
we give the prescription as used by ourselves
As soon as possible after you discover the
disease in the hog give one table spoonfull mix
ed with two spoousfull of mils: or water.
Bathe tbe back of the ears aud along tbe
bock-bone with the Ambrosial Oil or spirits
of Turpentine. Repealing the dose three
times during the day.
Nearly all the cases thus treated coming
under our notice, have besn effectually cured.
To be effectual give in the early iage of
the disease, aud keep the bog from water nu
lii he shows decided symptoms of improve
A. A. BLACKBURN,
In confirmation of the above, I cheerfully
recommend tbe Ambrosial Oil, as I have giv
en it a trial with my bogs, with great success.
I saved some tbat appeared to be in the last
stage ot the dUease. I boiled in two quarts
meat one nan Dome anu gave to mv hogs in
their feed. W. R. SMITH.
Residence Front Street, near Broad. Nash
ville, July 1st, 1SC1.
Further evidence from Mr. John Brvant
Long Island P. O, Ala., April 18, 18C1.
Who affirms that be bas found Ambrosial
Oil good for what the proprietors recommend
it when he goes on to say :
I had a bog nearly dead with Hog Cholera,
and as I bad never knowu one cured. 1 con
cluded as an experiment, to give the hog
some Ambrosial Ltd. l gave tbe Oil in a spoou
with sweet milk, and strange to say two dos
es saved me Beveral dollars worth ol pork,
for the hog got well in a few hours.
july-I2, 1861, dlww4.
ltlte of a. Itattleanake Cured In Five
MassRS. Perry Davu a So Genii: A merchant of
L'unoeus, iu this SUte, iulornis me that recently one
of his boub was severely bitten on the leg by a rattle
snake, from tae effects of which he suffered most
dreadfully. The laiuily chancing to bave some of Per
ry Davis' Fain Killer in the bouse immediately com
menced bathing the bitten place, without knowing
whether it would or nut, auurd tbe least relief, but
surprising as it may seem, the poison was go a observ
ed to exude from the wound, ami In five or ten minutes
the young man fell asleep, entirely free from pm, or
any elfuct from the bite, ezept the flush wound, which
healed very soon. By giving publicity to this tact in
your pamphlet designed for Southern and Western dis
tribution, and such countries as poisonous reptiles
more or less abound, it might serve the cause of hu
manity and be tbe means of supplying an artiUi, tbe
want of which tuts long been experienced.
Yours Keepeclmuy, - '
raly3-lm ' H. BLAKELEY, St. Lonis, Mo.
To Ice Consumers. .
ON and after SUNDAY, JUKE 30th, our Ice Del
pots will be closed at 9 A. ., nntil 5 P. U., oa
Sundays, with the exception of 49 College street. A)
orders iront the country accompanied with the caah,
will receive prompt attention.
janttfr-lm. CO.NKAD, CHANDLER CO,
A Book for Erery Volunteer
MAHAX'S OUTPOST DUTY c., c., an elemen
tary treati"8 on Advance Guard, Outpost, and
Detachment service of troops, and tbe manner of post
ing anil handling tbem in presence of an enemy, in
tended as a supplement to the system of Tactics, by P.
H. Mahas, Professor of military and civil engineer
ing aud science of war. Por sale in Xashvilie by
Jou.i York ft Co., 38 Cuion stre-t.
Telegraph Chalybeate Spring
THIS WATER IS BROUGT FOUR 1ICXDRKD
FEET .V TEX SECOXDS.
WDUXX takes pleasure in informing the public
. that he is now ready to wait ou ail who may
favor him with a call.
This Spring is situated on the East side of Cumber
land river,al the end of tbe Wire Bridge.
FAMILIES, FROM $4 TO f3 ; OXE PERSOX, $2 ; BY
THE DP.IXK, 5 CENT Payment in aJcanc.
Carbonate of Iron, Carbonate of Magnesia, Carbo
nate of Lime, Sulphate of Magnesia, Sulphais of Lime,
Muriate of Magnesia, Muriate t-f Soda. -
The specific gravity of fresh water was 1.0122 J
distilled water being taken as the standard.
1 understand that the Water bas already been bene
ficial to several invalids. It will be beneficial to a
greater degree when taken fresh from the Spring. I
should pronounce it stimulant and tonic, and adapted,
consequently, to cases of debility, accompanied with
an anomic condition of the systen, and coutra-indicated
in plethoric aud innainatory states
KICHAKD O. CTP.REY.
There is no doubt that the Spring kept by Mr. Y.
Dfnn at the Eastern eud of tiie Susieusion Bridge is
good Chalybeate water, and that it isajapled to many
diseases of debility.
B. W. HALL, M. P.,
R. THOMPSON', M. !..
HEXRY CAROW, M. P.,
T. R. JEXNIXGS, M. P.,
BOYD McXAIRY, M. P.,
july-l.lSSl. R. C. K. MARTIX, M. P.
THE Stockholders of the 'NASHVILLE GAS LIGHT
COMPANY are hereby uotuied that a Pivideud of
2 per cent, tor the past six months has been ordered to
be paid on aud after tbe 10th instant.
July lw JAS. H. KEXDKICK, Secretary.
House & Lot on M'Lemore Mred.
PCRSCAXT to a decree rendered by the Chancery
Court at N:ilmlle, ou tlie 11th May, 161, iu the
cases of James Youm: vs. A. Brasher and others, and
Mary A. Brasher vs. James Young and others, I will
sell at public sale, at the Court House in Nashville, on
SATURDAY, AUGUsT 3, 1S61, the House and Lot of
Asa Brasher, ou the East side of M'l-inore Street, be
tween Chuich and Broad. The Lot is titty feet Trout,
by ninety deep, and is Kirtof Lot Xo. Iri3 in the plan
of Nashville. Terms, 6, 12 and IS mouths credit, with
interest, and free from redemption,
jury 10 Id J. E. CLEAVES, C. & M.
IUcU City Mills.
f XTE are btiyiug WHEAT and CORX, for which we
V V are pre ared to pay Cash. Farmers aud Receiv
ers ha Vint; either for sale w ill please give us a cad
OHice at the Mills.
GORDON, BAUMAX & CO
Nashville, July 3.1SC1. 3na
Aotice to Uond Holders.
Office Nashville axd Chattanooga Railroad Co., )
Nashville, Teun., July 4, 1S01. )
'I'HT interest due 1st July, 1861, on the Bonds of the
1 Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad Company will
be paid at the oitice of the Comauy, in Nashville,
Teun., on presentation of the Coupons, accomanied
by the certiucate of tbe Comptroller of the Slate, that
tlie payment may lawfully be made.
Tne Legislature of the State, by recent enactment,
having prohibited the payment of interest on such of
tlie Bonds as were owned ou tbe 15lh day of April,
1861, or may now be owned by citizens or corpora
tions of the non-slaveholding States of the United
Stales of America; aud constituted the Slate nii
trolier tbe sole judge of the question, as to whom
payment can lawfully be made.
W. A. G LEAVES, Treasurer.
Louisville and Nashville
k PASSENGER AND FREIGHT TRAIN will leave
Eveiy Morning-, at 7 :.(),
FOR RICHLAND, (CAMP TROUSDALE.)
and intermediate points, aud returning,
Leave Uiclilat.il at 3:30 P. 31.
This arrangement to ocntinue until further notice.
Any advertisement iu couil.cl with this will be inope
rative. J. C. BALDWIN,
july 7, 1861-1 w. Sujierintendeiit.
THIS house, established by the present
Proprietor, in 1855, is still own for the
accommodation of transient gentlemen, and
turn ishinc single meals at all reasonable hours.
It is not interior in its comforts to any House be
tween New Orleans and Louisville, being supplied
with Spring Mattrasses mid Gas in the Bed Rooms.
aud the Table and Bar with everything regardless of
cost that can under the present circumstances be pro
cured. ALEX. JOHNSON.
The Memphis Bulletin and Nashville Patriot cony
(or one month, and send account to this oltiue Uunts
Comptroller's Ofkick, 1
Nashville, Teun., July 3d. 1861. f
BY virtue of au act of the Legislature, pnesed the
lstinst., I hereby give notice that the interest
u)ion all Stale Bonds, or Bonds upon which the Slate
may be liable, will be paid at this place: provided
saiil bonds are not owned now, or were not owned on
or subsequently to tbe 15th ol April, 1861, by citizens
orcororations of tbe non-slaveholding Stales of tbe
United States of America- Satisfactory proof ofown
ershin on and after the 15th of April, will be required
by the affidavit of the holder, and other proof where
the party is not personally well knowu, taken before a
Notary Public, or Cher person authorized to adminis
ter an oath iu the county where taken. Citizens and
corporations or friendly foreign Kiwers will be paid in
sterling or other exchange. J. T. pt'NLAP,
July5 dAwlw Comptroller.
Dry-Goods at Auction Prices!!
STILL a few more of those fine and desirable PRESS
GOODS left, at HARDY BRO'S., to be sacrificed.
We invite the ciiy and country buyers to this Slock of
Goods, as it is a rare thing to find so hue alotof
Goo-ls outside of a regular house. The stock consists
of GiDgbams, Plain and Cross Barred Muslins, Bereges,
Challys, Brilliants, fine Mulls, Muslins, Tarletons, Mus
qiiilo Nettings, Irish Linens, and various other goods,
too numerous to mention- The goods must be close 1
out this week, regardless of price; so call early if you
want Bargains. HARDY BROS'.
No. 4Z Public Square, Nashville, Teun.
mimltv & 'Wlstm's
iKW IMPROVEMENTS, .
THE subscriber has great pleasure in being ab'e to
announce that, not only is the price of the
WHEELER & WILSON MACHINE GREATLY REDUCED,
no as to place it beyond all fair competition, but IM
PROVEMENTS of the most important kind bave re
cently been made in its structure. These improve
ments couBist, principally, or
DOUBLE ' PLAT ES,
suitable for fine and heavy plantation work;
SHIFTING II EMM i: It,
which enables tbe operator to change from plaiu sew-
mg to beuiming in an instant;
1EW GLASS FOOT.
A NEW PATENT, belonging axctusively to the Wheeler
A Wilson Company, by the aid of which the operator
can aee the needle aa it enters the cloth, and watch Ua
program. This is pronounced one of the greatest im
provements ever maae in sewing Machines. .
- AO LEATHER PAD!
With these improvements and low prices, there Is no
excuse for buying inferior machines
The Ladies are reepecUull invited to call and ex
amine these Machines.
A finde assortment of
Thread, . Silk ana Needles
always kept on hand. ; ? -
C. It. PARSONS, Aet.
Over Juob York Ce's. Book Stort, Csioo St.
JJJ"ACAULAY'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND
FIFTH SnD LAST VOLUME. BUTLER'S CHEAP
jtT-Will receive in a few days HARPER'S LIBRARY
EDITION of the same work.
W. T. BERRY & CO.
"ALTJABLE ENGLISH BOOKS
ENCHIRIDION THEOLOGICTJM ANTI
ROM AN'UM. Tracts on the Points at Issue between
the Churches of England and Rome. 3 vols. Calf.
LIVES AND LETTERS OF THE DEVE-
REUX, EARL OF ESSEX, in the Reigns of Elizabeth,
James I, and Charles I; 15401646. 2 vols. 8vo.
"Haste paper to that nappy presence, whence only
nnbanny I am banished: kiss that fair correcting hand
which lays new plasters to my lighter hurts, but to
my greater wound applielh nothing. Say thou contest
rron pining, languisnine, ueR pairing, fcsaax. nauen,
Earlaf Essex to Queen Elizabeth.
LETTERS AND JOURNALS OF LORD
BYRON. With Notices of his Life, by Thomas
Moore. 2 vols. 4to. Half calf
ECCLESIASTICAL BIOGRAPHY; Or Lives
of Eminent Men, connected with the History of Re
ligion in England. By Christopher Werdswortb D.
P., late Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. 1 vol.
KNIGHT'S POPULAR niSTORY OF ENG
LAND. 6 vols. Cloth.
MILL'S PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL
ECONOMY. 2 vols. Cloth.
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF THOMAS
CARLYLE. 16 vols. Half calf.
IMAGINARY CONVERSATIONS OF
GREEKS AND ROMANS. By Waiter Savage Lander.
OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE ESSAYS,
Contributed by Members of the University. 8 vols
THE COLLECTED WORKS OF DUGALD
STEWART, Esq.,F. R.S. S. Edited by Sir Wiliiain
Hamilton, Bart: 10 vols. Half calf.
SELECTIONS FROM THE GENTLEMAN'S
MAGAZINE. 4 vols. Half calf.
WRAXALL'S POSTHUMOUS MEMOIRS
OF HIS OWN TIME. 3 vols. Hair calf.
GODWIN'S HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH
COMMONWEALTH. 4 vols. Half calf. Volumes 1
and 2 Containing the Civil War. Volume 3, From the
Death of Charles the First to the Protectorate. Vol
ume 4 Oliver, Lord Protector.
FULLER'S WORTHIES OF ENGLAND.
3 vols. Half calf.
DUNLOP'S HISTORY OF FICTION. 3
TAYLOR'S PHYSICAL THEORY OF AN
OTHER LIFE. 1 vol.
LOCKE'S CONDUCT OF THE UNDER
STANDING. 1 vol.
WALKS THROUGH LONDON, Including
. Westminster, with the surrounding suburbs; de
scribing everything worthy of observation in tbe
Public Buildings, &.C., Jtc iiy David Uugbson, L.L.
P. 1 vol.
LONDINA ILLUSTRATA: Graphic and
Historic Memorials of Monastries, Churches, Chatt
els, Schools, Charitable Foundations, Palaces, Halls,
Courts, Processions, Places of Early Amusement,
and Modern and Present Theatres, in the Cities and
Suburbs of L mJon and Westminster. 2 vuU. Folio,
THE CO VENT GARDEN JOURNAL. Em
bellished with Four Views. I vol.
"Ihe kurly-hurly's done!" Macbeth
TIIE NEWGATE CALENDAR. Compris
ing Memoirs of the moet Notorious Characters who
have been convicted of Outrages on the Laws of
England since tue commencement ot the ISth Cen
tury. 3 vols. Hah Calf.
W. T. BERRY i CO.,
mar27-tf PUBLIC SQUARE.
T. BERRY & CO. HAVE RECEIVED
HARDEE'S RIFLE ANU LIGHT INFANTRY TACTICS
complete, in 2 vols., containing all the plates.
. SCIENCES OK WAR Tactics for Officers ol Iufautry,
Cavalry and Artillery.
INFANTRY CAMP DCTY Field Fortifications and
THE TROOPERS MANUAL, or Tactics for IJght
Dragoons aud Mounted Rillemen.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR HEAVY ARTILLERY, preiared
by a Board of Otlicers for the use of the Army or the
may28 W. T. BERRY & CO.
MILITARY BOOKS I
FOB 8AL.E BY
JOHN YORK & CO.
HARDEE'S TACTICS Rifle and Light Infantry school
for tlie Soldier, Comiauy and Battalion.
GIBBON'S ARTILLERISTS' MANUAL.
HEAVY ARTILLERY Instructions for.
FIELD ARTILLERY Instructions for.
HAND BOOK OF ARTILLERY.
HALIiCK'S MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE.
EVOLUTIONS OF THE FIELD Austrian Infantry.
RIFLE AND RIFLE PRACTICE.
SCHOOL FOR THE GUIDES.
HAND BOOK FOR ACTIVE SERVICE. mav24
LETTER EXPRESS CO
Tlie "American Letter Expremt Co.,
has established its permanent oilice. at uie Nashville
Post Onicc, up titairs, east end, entrance on Church
THE undersigned bave formed a Company for the
purpose ot transmitting Letters, &c, to and from
the Southern Confederacy at a reasonable rate, and
agree to furnusb Merchants aud others their correspon
dence between Louisville and Nashville at regular in
tervals as may be most convenient to all parties con
cerned. THOS. E. JENKINS,
W. A. MuGILL.
The undersigned know the above parties to be re
liable aud responsible persons, and entitled lo all con
fidence: Wm L Kelly, Ass't P M
Luke P Blackburn,
Liudenburger & Co,
E B Owsley,
J S Speed,
C Q Armstrong,
W T Bartley & Co,
Guthrie & Co,
Cornwall & Bro,
Marshall, Halbert & Co,
J G Mathers,
Paul R hipiuan,
Geo D Prentice,
J W Tompkins,
J Mason ft Co,
Kilts b Werne,
Wm Skene & Co,
Chamberlain & Tapp,
Ben J Adams,
J Lawrence Smith,
O H Stratum,
Harney, Hughes & Co,
James S Wallace,
W N Haldeman,
Branuin ft Summers,
Hill tz McCraw,
John B Smith,
Wadace, Lithgow & Co,
Brady It Davis,
J G Podge & Co,
Briuly, Dodge C Co,
Hegan & Escolt,
Sauford, Duncan & Co,
C Lichten & Co,
TtR Slevin & Co,
Jobn J Speed,
V P Gaelano Bz Co,
Tlios N Eastin,
John W McCraw,
The Company refer the citizens of tbe Southern
E. G. Pearl, Esq., Canhier City Bank,
Jouv Kirkman, Ei-q., Pres't. UaioD Bank,
D. Weaver, Ehj , Cashier Planters' Bank,
Messrs. Douglas fc Co., Merchants.
" A. Wueless & Co., Bankers.
Persons in tbe South desirous of sending Let
ters to the Federal Government, will please direct tbe
same to American Letter Express Co., (under cover)
enclosing Ulteen cents in Casn or Confederate Stamps
securely. V. S. Government Envelopes or Stamps are
of no use to us, so do not send tbem. Tbe rate above
given is for letters not exceeding ounce in weigut;
letters weighing over an ounce will have to coulaiu
sufficient mouey to pay according to regular postal
Nashville, July 1, 1861.
r pHE EXECUTIVE OFFICE of this Company has
L been removed from Louisville, Ky., to this city.
Otlice on Cherry street, in the building occupied by
the Gas Light Company.
July8-lw THQ3. L. CARTER, Secretary.
corporation T axes.
Crrr Hall, Jane 21, 18G1.
TAX PAYERS are hereby notified that tbe Taxes for
Corporation purposes for the year 1861, will be
due, according to law, on the FIRST OF JULY, and
that they must call at the Collector's Otlice, upper end
ot the Market House, and pay the same. The neces
sities of the Corporation are such that very little in
dulgence can be given. Those interested will please
take warning. A. NELSON,
I HAVE nearly completed 850 Wood Shell Drums,
which will compare favorably witb those of New
York manufacture, and will be sold as follows iTen
nor $10 to SIS: Bass $18 to tii. Orders from the
country will receive prompt attention and satisfac
tion guaranteed. Also FIFES of qualities from 60 els
to ta. For Wood Drums apply to the old Music House
of J AS. A. Mot LUKE,
may19 83 Units street.
Wanted to Sent.
A SMALL HOUSE containing S or 4 rooms, central
ly located, a Cottage preferred. Tbe furniture
would be pure ha sd if good and sold at a fair price.
Address, C, Box 870, Post Office, stating locality and
a 'EN or FTFTFF.N Shoemakers wanted to make Kip
and Thick Work. Constant employment and
Prompt pay. Enquire of
R. S. HOLLIKS ft CO.,
; - No. 4, Dm Block, Nashville.
julyi-lin. . r. o.
FROM AND AFTER. THIS DATE WE
Gr O O H S
The existing state of affairs compeUs us to pursue
this course, and we wish it distinctly understood that
this rule will apply to EVERY ONE, and hope no one
will ask us to deviate from it.
Being obliged to pay Cash for every article we pur
chase, we hope our friends and the public generally
will at once see the justice and propriety of such a
course on our part.
(S gued THOMPSON k CO.,
A. C & A. B. BEECH.,
L. F. BEECH,
R. C. McNAIRY & CO.,
may 21,lS61tf. P. HUMPHREY.
SPRING AND SUMMER
Are now receiving their
Embroidered Englihli Uareges
Figured Linen Cambric,
Dlack Silk Mantles, new styles;
Heavy Plantation Goods,
Domestics, &c, &c.
THOMPSON &. CO.,
No. 59 College Street.
JO. EDWARDS, F. B. HARRIS, E. P. EDWARDS.
EDWARDS, HARRIS & CO
Successors to Edwards, Giikerson Co.,
Fowariling and Commission Jlrrcfcanls,
Brandies, Wines, Tobaccos, Cigars, &c, &e.
CORXER CIIUHCII AXD COLLEGE STREETS,
WE ARE IN RECEIPT OF A LARGE AND WELL
selected stock of Groceries, Tobaccos, Liquors,
Szc, comprised in part as follows, to which we re
spectfully invite the attention of the Trade.
STJQAS, MOLASSES AXD STRTJP.
75 hhds Louisiana Sugar; 60 bbls Lorering's pow
25 " Claritied " dered Sugar;
sO bbls Coffee; 20 boxes P R Loaf Sugar;
100 bbls Plantation Molas- 60 hall bbls Rc lined Ho
100 half bbls Plantation f 0 packages St. Louis Gol- '
Uolasses; den Syrup;
60 bbls ReUned Uolasses; 60pks New Orleans GoU
60 bbls Lovering's D R defi Syrup;
100 bags Baltimore Rio 60 bags Old Gol Java Cof-
100 bags New Orleans Rio 60 bags Laguira Co flee;
100 bbls Rectified Whisky; 60 bbls Robertson county
100 " Tenn. White " Whisky;
100 " Ky. P D " 60 bbls Smith's Old Re
103 packages Old Rye Whis- serve Whisky;
ky; 2 puncheons of Irish and Scotch Whisky.
10 quarter casks ASeig- 10 casks Madeira Wine;
nette's Bmuky; 10 " pile Sherry Wuie,
10 quarter casks Otard, 325 " Old Port "
Puprey Co a Brandy, 6 u Sweet Malaga "
20 qr casks Rochellelirau- 10 " Pry "
dy ; 60 pks Ginger Wine;
10 qr casks United Pro- 60 baskets Champagne;
prietor's Brandy; 25 boxes Claret;
100 ks American Brandy; 25 pks Lemon Cordial;
100 " Ginger " 25 " Mint " i
60 " Cherry " 60 boxes Bitters;
6 " Blackberry 25 pks Holland Gin J
25 " Raspberry " 10 casks Rum;
TOBACCO AHD CIGASS.
300 boxes Virginia Tobacco various brands;
600 " Kentucky " " "
25 kegs A J Smith's Pancake Tobacca;
60,000 Superior Havana Cigars various brands,
100,000 " German ' ' " "
60,000 ' pomestie " " "
CAJTDLE3 AXD SOAP.
400 boxes Star Candles ; 60 boxes SUsarine Candles ;
300 hli " 60 " Talkiw "
150 qr " " 140 boxes Soap, various
100 bbls extra Family Flour;
' 100 " " Supernne "
100 bags Pennsylvania Buek wheat Flour.
1000 sacks fine an pc oarae 25 cherts Green and
Salt; Black Teas;
600 bbls Kanawha Salt; 100 dosen Buckets;
1000 kegs Nails and Spikes, 60 nest Tubs;
600 boxes Glass Ware; 25 sacks S 3 Almonds;
600 Reels Cotton Rope; 60 bbls Pecans aad Fil-
100 casks Soda; berts;
1000 pounds Bar Lead, 10 bbls English Walnuts;
600 baes Shot, assorted 100 dosea Broom;
. . . . .. m- K Dn.nl..
Sixes; lw uus .iuc t
100 dosen FresbCovaOys- 600 reams Wrapping Pa
25 cases Sardines, J and 60 bags Pepper;
X boxes; 25 " Allspice;
50 bxs Lemon Syrup; 60 bxs Ground Mustard;
150 pks Raisins; 60 44 Firecrackers;
100 " Mackerel, 60 bbls Cider Vinegar;
60 bbls XX Ale;
With a variety of other articles.
janll-tf EDWARDS, HARRIS Ca
WHEN you go to New York, drive direct to th
SMITHSONIAN IIOCSK, Broadway, c-rnef of
Houston street, conducted oa Um Europeaa plan
Good Fare, good Barrel, prompt .iuuU, d
moderate charges. Singls rooms, 60 cents, IS
and SI tier day. Doable rooms aad parlors ILoOto
U- meats as ordered. This Hotel has all the appoint.
mnta of Uie beat hotels, a most ceatral localioa, aad.
IS heated throughout by suaaa.