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TEE DAILY HERALD.
I. McGAClCIl, Krtltor. Our Agrula. Whs r authorised In receive etihacrlpttona and blnrtlilni fur the bully arid Weekly Kr.uti.oi J.O. Cliew.dOO liromlwaT, New York i 0 P. Itowell Co., 41, Park R.iw New Yoikf "oa Weatherill Co., Philadeldhla I Griffin Hoffman, llitltlmon T, Mdntyre, S Orleans J K. II CmhlUK, llimatnu Hun. Jim. W, Lane, Ainiln '. FOB OOVEHNOU ! J. W.-tHROCKMORTON, OV OOLUN.-.' Fill DAY, APRIL 4, ISM. THE COURT HOUSE- .The Legislature havo passod the bill authorizing tho issuance of bonds' for tho completion of the Court House in this city, and it . delogntud to the County Conrt the power to procoed at onco with tho work. Tho goutlomen constitu ting that tribunal have hold a meeting to considor and doliborate upon tho best plans and means for tho achievement of tho object and have concludod to sharo all tho re sponsibilities dovolviug upon thorn with tho yooplo. To that end thoy have ordorod an oloction, to be bold on Monday tho 21 inst.,in each of tho Districts, far tho pnrposo of of having an expression from tho tax-payers of tho county as to the mode and manner in which thoy would like to have the work dono. Tlio oloction will bo an informal ono, and is hold solely for tho purpose of allowing all, who may fool an importance ofproBocu ting so dosirablo an object to com pletion, an opportonity of co-operating in tho movement, and to those who glory in old-fogyinu the same opportunity is , offered to placo themsolvos in that category on tho rocord. Wo will reviow hereafter the act undor which the County Court will act. THE LEGISLATURE- Letter from Hon. John Henry Brown, ' 1 Austin, March 30, 1873. Editor IIeiiald; It is qui to impossible for mo to answer all tho letters I rocoivo from Dallas and our district, unless 1 coaso to bo legislator and become a corresponding clork. Yet I ro coivo letters from valued citizens, asking information on matters of importance to thorn and tho coun try, - citizens who are entitled to my timo and attention as much as individual mombcrs of society could be. Whon I loft Dnllus.I promisod Mr. Swindells of thollor ald, and' Mr. Hay lor of the Nows, to writo a woekly letter to oach paper, giving a summary of what the Legislature hud dono. This was a promise voluntarily made in good faith. It, became impossible for mo to do it, without noglooting duties to tho wholo pooplo, and par ticularly to our section, which I could not ignore. I know that noi ther Mr. Swindolls nor Mr. Baylor nor tho pooplo of Dallas, would w'sh me to neglect thoso impor tant dutios, in order only that thoy might a littlo sooner learn our daily procoodings. Allow mo to speak to all con cerned, on. two or throe points up on which I have boon written by gontlomen of various parts of our district , Pjrat Tbo last gonoral hoad- r,ight law of Texas oxpirod with, tho year 1841, and no person was ovor ontitlod to a head-right for coming to Toxns aftor 1811, unloss he was a colonist in rotors', Mer- cor's, Castro's, or tho German .colo ny. This anHwors a dozen' letters. Second Tho State has tho right to loll all tho Bchool lands, county, university, renowed gocti.ons of railroad lands, and horoaftor the renewed or cvon soctions of rail road lands survoyod umlor past or fuluro grants. But no provision husyot boon made for soiling them! A bill for that purposois now pqnd-ing-fjndood " two or throo bills, Otbcm I liopo wo may enact a just and wiso mode of oponing those lands to sottlomont and nale, as fast as thoy conio in demand. Thoso in Donton, Wisp, Fannin, Gray8on,IIunt,Collin, Cooko, Jack, Archor, and othor countios,should now bo put on tho market at some minimum Tprfo6J-'glving proforonce to' tho actual ' sottlor ; and this is tho kind of bill all of us from North Teias'will yoto for. It is not pos Bible' bow' to Bay whether such a moasuro will pass, but I hoar of lit tle, opposition to tho gonoral prop osition. ' Thjfd As to n hog-law. My bill for Dallas, Collins and Tarrant counties passed the Houso and wont to tho Senate, where it was amondod so as to include tbe whole State. While very complimentary to the bill, it may causo its failure. The House hag also passed a gen. oral bill, which is now before the Sonato, more stringont in detail than I thought was bost for our people. So tho mutter now stands. Fourth. In all I have had four applications for chartors for Build ing Associations in Dallas. Oa con sultation we merged all the propo sed incorporations in one bill, which is now in the Senate. The parties conoornod, all beingfol low townsmen, I hope will be ploased with this course Fifth Col. John B. Floyd and others, wrote mo somo weeks ago in regard to cortain railroad ncg locts about crossing public roads, whereby danger to travellers would bo avoiijod. I submitted at once thoso views to tho proper commit tee, who promisod to incorporate thorn in a gonoral bill. Sixth Sovoral applications cumo for incorporating villagos in our county or district. Instead ,of that, on consultation with my hon ored collogues, Messrs., Chambers and Von Zandt.we thought it bettor to amend and rovivo the law of 1857,undor which tho people of any town can incorporate thorn solves, and savo tho State of vast expense in that class of legislation, I introduced a bill for that purpose, which passod tho House, and is now in thoSonnto. Ihavo always favorod general laws in rogard to incorporations as safer, cheaper and Iobs liable to obnoxious pro. visions in tho hnuto, andsomotimos in tho carolossncss, of local legisla tion. I tako tho occasion to say, onco for all, that I confer constant ly with my colloaguos, Chambers and Von Zandt, and our' Senator Evans, and wq act in accord in al most overy caso. Thoy aro gontlo. mon whONOOHCutehoonsarounsoiled by any dorcliction of duty; and as Senator Evans served in tho last basely corrupt Legislature, this is tho highest complimont ho could rocoivo. ' I find him as careful of tho interests of Dallas and Collins as if he rssidod in thorn plain, honest and straight forward in all things ; and I undortuko to say that no two gontlomon moro fully command tho rcspoct and confi dence of tho House than do Messrs, Chambers and Von Zandt. Soventh Tho Governor lately sont in a largo number of nomina tions to tho Sonato for Notrios Publio in dilTornt points of tho State. Those for Dallas woi-e'Jamos Boutley, Boorstlor, J. A. Haw kins and D. McKay. Ovor that matter I had no voico, but I folf it my duty, whon callod upon by Senator Evans, to protost against tho confirmation of McKay and Hawkins, ns the lattor had cousod (as I loamod) to bo a citizen of Dallas, and the former was not re garded as idontifiod with our poo plo in fooling or intorost, and did not possoss that publio confidence nocossary in such an office. Sou ator Evans know Mr.Bontloy as an old citizen, and I loft that mat tar to him. Of Mr. Boerstlor I know nothing and said nothing, but have loarnod ho is a worthy man, quiet, modest and honorublo, and so informed Sonutor Evans. Ho thought, howovor, that the five justicos ot oach county, with tho District Clerk and his deputies, made notorics enough, and honco nonoof thorn woro conflrmod. They wore not rejected, howovor, but simply laid on tho table as unnec essary olficors at this timeo. It should be understood, therefore, by all, that thoro is no Notary in Dal las county r oxcept tho five Justices of tho Feaco, the District Clork and his deputies. Tho bill repoalingtheodius parti of the militia law, establishing a standing army as a, State guard, and taking from tho Govornor the power to declare martial law, has at last (for which I thank Almighty God) boeomo a law. Tho bill (introduced by myself) sotting apart the altornato soctions of tho entire publio domain to the educational fund, has become a law. So undor tho constitutional amondmont only one half tho pub lio domain can ovor be usod in aid of railroads. This adds to the school fund 41,000,000 . acres, besides about 15.000,000 already surveyed total, 69,000,000, which, if wise Iv administered by patriots in- stoad of publio plundorers, will soon constitute a fund, the intorost of which will perpetually educate the children of tho Stnto, of all races, without tax upon the poo- pie. On yestordav tho Governor signed tho act which unlocks tho prison doors of tho people of Tex as tho now precinct oloction law. Both-Houses came almost to a dead lock on this beneficent moasuro obont two weeks ago. It was then that I yielded everything elso and devoted all the powors God had givon me to reconcile differences and securo this great paramount boon to tho people of Texas this open, honest, simplo and just mode of socuring to evory man in tho Stato rich or poor, high or low, whito, red or black the right to voto his choice, among his neigh bors, uninfluoncod by an anjaed morconary polico or , ponsionod party officials. I told Govornor Davis, in an in terview on tho subioct, that the greatest protection the 'black man could havo was to induce him to voto with his white neighbors, who knew him to bo ontitlod to vote- that not ono Domocrat in a hun dred throughout the State but would project all such in this right, though they had Radical tickots in their hands, bocauso this waB ossontially Jefforsonian democ racy. Truth demands that I should say tho Govornor receivod the re marks with marks of plonsuro, and oxpressod himsolf anxious to have such a law as would insure thoso objocts; and if ho novor does an othor good act, lot us rcmomber that he has signod tho oloction bill at this sossion, and that ho did not veto railroad subsidy bills of the last Logislaturo, which would havo fastenod upon us and our children an infamous debt of fifty millions of dollars. Lotus bo just, though we have a thousand wrongs to complain of. Rognrding tho oloction law, now enacted, as the key to futuro libor ty, I wish the pooplo to know that 't was originally matured in Judi ciary Committoo No. 1, of which Judge Goorgo W. Smith, of Colo rado, is chairman, and by him re ported to tho Houso. I was not on the committeo, and only when it scorned in dangor of death by disa greement, did I take a working sharo in socuring its amondnont and passage. Judge John J. Good, now hero, has boon retained by District Judgo Scott, of the Kaufman dis trict, in his dofonco against im poachmont. This is a high com pliment to Judgo Good. Messrs. Barksdalo and Storamons aro also bore in attendance on tho Supreme Court. Tho Dallas, Palostino and Southeast Texas railway bill, and tho Dallas and Wichita bill will come up in a fow days. This lot tor is alroady too long, but I hope you wjAUo me the justico to pub lish iT"" Your friend, JOHN HENRY BROWN. DALLAS 'COUNTY: Clhnate, Soil, Churches, Society, &o- . Tho following is an extract from ono of tho many lottors of inquiry we havo receivod : Buchanan Co., Iowa. Wi have ono of lb most beautiful Statu tn .tin Union, good soil, wattr and good looioty, but the winters ar long and oold. We baft had snow on the ground pretty much all the time since Notemberjlhe 12lb about six inches now ; the thermometer this morning is 20 below the freeting point. This winter has been one of unusual ooldness ; meroury has boen down 60 below the freezing point. Some of ns are talking of'trying to find a warmer climate, and I am searching for information. , I would like to know the extremes of heat and cold; tho mean I find in the Texas almanac Give me something of the doings of the ohurches in your city and oounty. Respectfully yours, B. P. TAYLOR. Tha soil in, this'.county is equal to any in hywa.lllinois OrMissouri. Wo have high rolling prairie, a black, waxy soil fromwo to twenty Jbet deep, with . a whito limestone rock foundation, and there is no such thinga wearing it out. Farms that hare been in cultivation for twenty-five yoars produce as well now as thoy ever did. Manuring pf any description whatever is nev er practiced in this county. We know of a farm in this county with in six miles of this city where fif teen successive wheat crops have boon grown on the samo pioco of land without dotrimontto the land or failure of a single crop. This county cannot "bo excollod for cotton, corn, fruits and vegota bios genorally. Our winters set in about the 15th of November, and last until ftbott the 15th of Febru ary. Our first snow last winter foil on January the 28tb, and luid on the ground two days. Tho ground was covered ubout an inch deep. This was tho severest snow storm of tho soason, and was tho only one worthy of tbe name. Last win ter W6S tho severest one ovor known fn this Stato. The mer cury wont down to 40 dogreos bo low zoro,wbich was 8 dogrees colder than ovor known here before. 20 bolow tho freozing point Sb cold weather for this country, and that never lasts more than throe or four days at a timo. In J uly 1871, tho thormoraetershowed 102; but 100 is ns high ns Jit usually goes. Our mornings during the month of July usually havo a do lightful broozo. CHURCHES, ETC. The following denominations have churches in this city, to wit: Tho Methodist, Baptist, Christian, Old School and Cumberland Pros bytorian, and Catholics. All of these churches are well repre sented; tho Mothodist has tho greatest number of members, and talk of putting up another fine church building in addition to the ono thoy already havo. Thoro is as littlo rowdyism, drunkonncss and quarroling bore as in any city in tho United Statos. All of the abovo named churches, except tho Catholics, havo organi zations in various portions of tho county, and there is not a neigh borhood in tho county in which there is not a church of somo kind. SOCIETY. Perhaps it will tax the credulity of somo of our friends in the Nbrth whon wo say that socioty is good hero. Wo know that the impression has boon mado upon many minds that this is a somi-bar- barouB country,without morals and without oducation ; but we aftlrm that socioty horo is good very good, as good as it is in any portion of tho U. S ; for proof of which we appeal, not to Texans, but to the thousands of mon who have trav- eled through this country within tho last five years but who are now living in other states. And why should wo not have good society h ero? Hundrods of the best families from other Slates have immigratod,and are immigrating to this country. Tho once rich plan tor and "fino Southern gentleman" comes here from tho cotton growing states to got rid of negro rulo. Northern mon como hore to soek a more pleasant climate. Scarcely a day pasBos in which wo do not soo somo ,man who has quit the bleak frozen hills of tho North for the bnlmy breezes of tho South. Live wido-awako men from the West, como among us. CIH AND COUNTY OFFICERS. distinct moron. Ro. Uaihii Hut, Dallas, Jude 14th Judicial DIs (riot. itu. T. AUL.T, E., Dallu, District Attorney. orncixs or iaiui covntt. Join D, Kiaroor, Dallaa, J, P. Precinct 1, Hobkrt fl. Out, Lancaster, " " 2, MramiTr Mtras, " s, William J. liuuu, " 4. 0. 0. IliUTiaa, " , John H. La we. Clerk t tha DiitrM Court. 1. K. Cooxau, ") Dapntj Clarka. Hbniit Boll, J in. M. Blown, Sheriff. U. V. CoiL Trcmaiiror. N. A. Kim, Oounty Snrrajor, CITT OFFICKI1S. B tn. I.otio, llnjar ' J, H. Fins, City Atl'j H KURT BsLL.Traainrer. I TnoN. Vi.tmm ' C. 8.MiTCiitu.,Si;'y, D. Ki,Aaor AColl'or AinMr.N.- K.P Bryan, C.IW, 0. M.SwInk Frank Anattn, M. Tharanal, W. B. Oaatn, Jno. W, mui , mt ik ii rail. SOCIETIES. DALLAS CHAPTER. No. 47. Tt.r.l Arrk v will maatattha Maaonio Hall in tha city of Dallaa an tha lit Monday after tha lad Saturday In each i. . " Vl auunu, at. C. 11,0, BiNai Bail, Soct'y. t A.LLAS COMMANDERY, Na. 6, Kol(thtiTam lar, will moat at (ha Aaylnm, in tha town a Pallaa, on tha Tbnraday after tha lait Saturdat In each month, at early canrilo.llglit. , . E. 8. BOWIB, I. c. 3. E. Bahlct, Beoardar. ' v" Companion!. Ton are hereby anmmoned to at ' ai iiiaa Chanter Bo. 4T, on Monday eranini, Deo. 80. IR74' ...arlyoaadl. Hjh.ing ly command otTh. " auKin, eeratary IANNKDILL LODOK, No. 8J, f . A. M . meet. . .:T;.oniVi,;.v8s,rrd,)r,fMch-o''ii1: !B.onA 1,0,0a,, Sea.?.1"80""- -HlDQKLY ENCAMPMENT, No, 2.S, I 0 n 1 amtiOB tht drat id U.lrd rridnWta , mtxrh month. t tk lAA v.ii t 1 . -'H) mAW vwu vruuwi' Dftll, A T r, P. DALLAS I.OIIGK, No. 44, I. f. 0. T.. naet. if """" i ma Udrt Iowa' F. Hi Batumii, Sacretnry. ' ' T' N' 0. J. BERNSTEIN ft CO., wnolosalo CORNER STRAND AND Galveston, - . Aro pleaied to annonnce that their Block of Ceiitlonien'a Spring and Smniiier Clothl ng con) . prlilnn ai Largo and F.xtaniiva an Auortmout any ne uull Hl.h lu HmiI In any market wii'l t t offer to tha Ttaiia at Bfaaonahlo l'rlcei and on Liberal Teruu. Thoy rospoct fully lit vi t tho'ei i cam they nation of their atoik before purcliaaing aliawhoro. ore, x. xyxrisr&eb cicy aROOERS, AND DEALERS IN iiqursi, Tobacco, Segars, Wood and lVillon-Ware Fishing Tackle, Aiiiiiiiiiiitioii, 1'lc., Nokth Side of tub Tunno Square, on Main Street, - - - Dalian, Texu. Dalian, Texaa, February 0, '73.nii9il;lnioi. 4 31. FltlEND&CC, i-a WHOLESALE AXD UETIL PjIalebs in LIQUORS OF ALL KINDS, DALLAS, TEXAS' o:o WkiakyaiUrandiea, Winaa, Cordiala Bitten. Iin- ported Ala and Porter, and a rompleto lilt of ull artldee In their line. Cigar anil Tobacco Of tho beat braudi In Urge qaantltiea and for aala atokeapoat tatai, Attached to tkelr liaiaoH la a under aha luperrltien of Mr. 5tirrl Wilnon, an an cenipliehed aatarar, who la alwAyi ready to enter tarn Tiaitara. nia-dif. W. G. Bashall. T. P. Ramai.1. G. EANDALL & BRO. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Dry O-oOcSLs. f BOOTS, SHOES AND CLOTHIM, DALLAS & CORSICANA, TEXAS. UIG11KST PBICE PAID FOB COTTON, WOOL IIIDKb' ULT, JRNKINS & AULT, OEXERAL LAND AGENTS. Dallas, Texas, Are now offering for tale the followiaf DALLAS COUNTY FARMS. 710 aoraa, 13 nillea north of Dallas, 140 acrfi in oaltlratlon, fineilwelllng honpe, price tl2,O0O. 49a acrea, 10 mllee north ot Dallm, 7U acre In cnl tlratisn.nna water, timher and prairie, price $ia,lKHI. V1 acrea, in milea narth of Dallu, fio acrea tn euh tlration, fine iprlnn; prairlee and timber ,prlca 1,500, liO acrea, S milea north of llnllu, 7A acrei in ml tlTatlan, prairiaand timber, black aandy mil, price 13,500; 116 acre), 1.1 miles north-east of Dallaa, 45 acrea la pnltlralion, ryairle anil timber, rlce HfiOO. U arrea lii 1-4 nilea north of Dallaa, to acrea In cultivation, price lift per acre. 41 acrea 9 miles weatof Dallaa.ltacrea in cultiva tion, prloe $1,000 142 acrea 7 milea north-woit af Dallas, 2S.acroa In Hlatlon,erlrei;,.VX, S4 aerea 0 anilea'aorth of Dallas, part of the Wrn Inraat auniey, all fenoed but not broke, price $1,500. CITY PROPERTY. dwiliino nonsKs. Block No , Heaiton St and PacUc Avenue house 5 rooms. Lot t and block No 28, corner of Pacl0o Atenue and Jeheraen atrnet,4 rooms. Bleak Ni 14 north hair of Moniton and Wood Its, I roema. lock No 2J2,Si 1 aclsto atreet and T C. Kallroad, I rooms, , lock No 243 100x200 feci Jlowanl St, loj cabin, lock No 24 lot 4, Houston and Wood Sta. 6 reoms. Blork No 59 Lamar and Polk streets, "i rooms, lock No 217 ftOjllO n Kass an Orlftln ata rooms. Black it 1UOX20O ft flrlfltn Pattaraon ata,4 rooms Block 71 Commerce atreat 100x200 feet 6 room. Blaak 221 east half Boaa and Carter ata, 5 rooms. AUlT, JENKINS it AULT. March 1,13. LAND LOCATING COMPANY, Oftlce with Aitlt, Jenkina i Ault, DALLAS TEXAS. Job! Henry Brown, President, W, F, Cnmmins. ViM-i'reeident, J K Uawktns, General Agent, Pierce W Brown Treasar W B Alt Secretary, DIRECTORS. John Henry Brown, W. F. Cnraralni. i. K. Hawkins, w. B. Ault, 0. H. Jenkins, 3. W. Duncan, Pierce Vf. B.own. Thla oorapany was orgenlaed and chartered for tha aola purpoaoof Locating Texaa Land Certifies, tea on Commission. Commissions one-sixtb inter, est in tha lands or, where as na uch u a Loncita and labor ia ins, 10 cents per aero. All communications should be addressed to W. K-AULT, Sect'y Texaa Land Locating Company. JOSTi A PIN CUSHION, made of red plush with a Picture in it. Tha Under will recelre f'i by lenrlni It at this Offlce. dn;i5-t)t SUBSCRIBE FOR TOE HERALD. Olotliiors, TREMONT STREETS, - Texas, tho ex,n. 1ii33.2q,oi ANDALIA KOI it i:ast. TheoulyLlneriimilnirthraiigliCnrafrnmsi r , to New York. CI,l,Vo, t' l.ati .,,1 Louisvillo wit hoiit change. HAKES CLOBF CONNEoTION WITH MISSOURI, KANSAS & TEXAS TRAINS 1S73 Summer Schedule i$T3 :ao a. v.-imy kxitiesp. I.ou'l'r,me. K'V Y"'K C,l,fS0.f'rlitl,d iH r. m. FAST l.IXB With Pull,,,,,,,', Pulure Slerplre; f'ar thrmeh to tow Jork. Cincinnati and JaHvlll lilv niib. out cllulls. ' "lu iOO e. M.-CllirAi;o KXI'IIKSS tm'loV'"'0"'''1' S'",,il' ,4r-I'"y "cept Sat. Ticket Office, No. 100 N. Fourth St, Cor Chestnut St., St. Louis, nnjnt alt ' principal lUilroaa office in Texas. F. M. rOLFITDN, Ticlsot Aa;'t St. Louis. ,1. R. SIMPSON, Oon'l Sup',, Indianapolis n'!l (lt'f uulh.irn Ag't lla Tolas. JjJMPIRB Hotel and Restaurant, M. HOFFSTADT, Prop'r. ninin Street, Dalian, Texas, Mo hns Just fitted up a lurse number of cemfwt. able and p lmtuiit rooiin, nml t'pltndiilly tiiniithid MEALS AT ALL HO VMS. Particular attention paid to tliencrommoilatlonof Coniiiierciiil Trarelsrs. An Omnibus Kims to all Trains. Dulles, March 11, '7a no25cllyr. JCE ! ICE ! ICE ! FRED. BORN & CO., e Have recelroil their Firs! Shipment ol Ice, And are now rcailjr to FILL ALL ORPEKS. For sale at Pr. Sample'! F.xchanje, in renr of A 31. rrioud & C-i.'s, Dallas, Toxus. a7(llsl JR. T. WILLIAMS, ornci'AXn BMiniNd at .inn nr.rci uo !ioii HLM STRKKT. He offer! his professional servlcss to the rltii'ns of Hellas and the surrounding country, u27illf W. A. Jones, D.Luckxah. A. JONES & CO., MANUFACTURES OF TIIST WARE, VUOLKSAI.E AND RETAIL DEALERS IN STOVES &C. SIGN OF TIIB BIO COFFEE TOT, ' Main Street, - - Dallas, Ttxa. far All Orders Promptly Attonded T. " l-vl-dly J S. PENN, CONOIIESS AVEXUK, . . . AUSTIN, TEX4' Hooks, Stationery, Newi and Varieties, Subscriptions recalrod for all papers and Mhgailn. RECEIVING NEW GOODS EVERY DAY School books I Skool books 1 Blank books I Blank booki t Gold Pens I Gold Pens I Wall papor I Tall PP't Etc, Ete.