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GREATNESS UF LONDON,
Its Vast Population and How They Live. CorroHDoudonco of tbe American Itural Homo by Hun. 1). N. Kichurdaou, Edl tor Davenport, la.; Democrat. How large is Iowa liow many peo pie? Oh, eighteen hundred thounand people! How lurue m Illinois, hor old er sister state? Pay three million and a quarter- five millions, say, in both and a hijidred and eleven thousand aquaro miles. How larye is London? The city cov ers six hundred and ninety square miles about twenty Iowa town ships; and population just about the nanio as the two states combined. That is, huddle all the people in Illi nois and Iowa into Fcott county, Iowa build Scott county all over with streets and parks and public squares that is to say, when every inch of land in Bcott is sowerod, yawned and water piped, and every rod is laid in streets and parks and public squares, nnd all the people) of the state and Illinois are uatlierod there, the si.o will foot up something liko London. To be particular Koine has not so many Roman Catholics as London; Dublin has fewer Irishmen than Lon don, Edinburgh less Scotchmen, and .lews, why all Judea has not one tenth as many; and it grows every day. Every four minutes marks a birth even while I spend two hours in writing this, thirty babes will have been born and twenty deaths will have taken place. You think of it; the evening paper that records the births and the deaths of the precedent four and twenty hours, must give three hundred separate items. Verily Us joys and Borrows aro a multitude. Its streets. It is ;i,.r)00 miles jour ney from New York to San Francisco. You can walk, Bay twenty miles aday; a hundred days two thousand miles; well, it would take you a hundred and seventy-livo days at that rate to make the trip. Hut London has sev en thousand miles of streets and if you took them tor a morning walk at a rate of twenty miles a day, you would have to walk almost a year and more than a year by nearly lilty days if you should lay up Sundays. And if you were a thirsty sort of a traveler, and couldn't pai-s a drink ing shop, don't be alarmed the seven thousand miles has live and seventy miles of drinking shops publics they call them; so you need not think ol thirst. How do theso people live as you do; by eating. They eata lot. I can't go into figures, but you can take your elates and figure up how much they swallow every day; for in a year these London folks swallow down five hundred thousand oxen, two million sheep, two hundred thousand calves, three hundred thousand swine, eight million head of fowls, five hundred million pounds of lish, five hundred million oystrs,. two hundred million lobsters is that enough to figure on? If not there aro some million tons of canned goods; no end of fruit and other etull, but not to fpoil your appotite talking ot beans and peas, and fifty million bushels of wheat, we might as woll forbear. But how do they wash all this stuff down, you might feel glad to know. Look sharp. It takes two hundred million quarts of beer! A stream of beer about the size of the Wap- sie would not suffice to quench thgJ common thirst. Hut more than thisT they drink ton million quarts of rum, and fifty million quarts of wine the wine, the rum. the beer two hundred and sixty million quarts! Any water? Borne, for pprinkling streets, about a hundred and lifty millions of gallons daily. Taking out the water used for sprinkling, cooking and fountains, and the actual drinking supply is des- Iierately small. But it's English you .now, itud L Wo is no use saying a word. I said that so many thousand mill ion oxen, sheep and calves were chewed up between these London teeth and taken to the London maw. Where do they come from? Great Britain can't provide them. Why, if Britons had to live on Irish, Scotch or British beef, they'd starve to death within a week. Britons got huniiry every day and thirsty. They can make up beer and rum and wine enough out of poor water and malt and chemists' h lulls to quench the general thirst; but when it comes to mutton, beef, and pork, they can't do anything. It comes in cargoes from the states, fresh, canned, and on the hoot; comes here from Canada, Australia, and Netherlands across the way comes here if. quantities, to feed the teeming millions, w ho, as said, must starve, if they looked to home fields, and herds, and flocks for bread and meat, and what is true of bread and meat is f.nie of garden truck which comes Irom Holland, comes from lTrance.and keeps the people fed. What then? The English farmer can't compete in bread and meat. The land that once was worth three pounds, five, six, seven sterling pounds per acre every year, is now worth lit tie. It is tilled, of course, but what the ground may yield must count in valrie like the yield of acres in Iowa or off in the Brazils. This knocks the landlord out. Look at it in the face; it is not the Land Ixague Irish move ment, as these doughty Britons say, that make rents cheap in Ireland, but the ingenious ways of bringing foreign food to British ports. It is not l'arnell, bnt fate. It is not Conserva tive, or Liberal, or Land League nothing but plain and powerful cap p!y aaa demand that is telling on the price and power of land. We have wandered far and wide in these few lines, bat you can take the tests and think them over and do your own preaching. London is the greatest city of the world greatest hH miops ana leea ana niei stores; great est in mouths to feed, and backs to clothe; greatest in thirst and strife and devious ways of sin; greatest in charity and pulpit work; great marts and sins and charities are ever found combined. The converse part bethink you for yourselvos. Personal Items. Vico-PresidentWtaeeler, of the Etna Life Insurance company, has in his grounds at nartford.Conn., a banana tree, from which he daily cuts the ripe fruit. It is five years old, and has all the luxuriance ot the plant growing in the tropical climate. Twenty-five years ago John Grundy of Philadelphia was one of the most export and prosperous of the marble cutlers of that city then he went into politic, was successful, and was eloct ed Alderman for several terms. Then ho took to drinking, lost his office and employment, and became a rag pick er, and his wife was a sorter until she became blind and went to the poor house. The other day he staggered into his garret with a whiskey bottle and four days later his dead and de composed body was found lying on the bed where he died. General William Raymond Lee re cently celebrated his eightieth birth day at his home in West Roxbury, Mass. Gen. Lee was one of the most gallant soldiers among the Federal troops sent out by the Bay, State to help quell the rebellion. He is a grad uate of West Point, and was lifty lour years of ago when the war broke out. Alfred Fairbanks has lost his bride, but thoro is no mystery about it, as he is in receipt of a letter from her, saying: "Mamma says l must leave von, that no man who smokes pines can live with a daughter of hers, and, therefore, dear Alfred, we part to meet no more." W. R. Hearst, son of the California Senator, is said to have nearly doub led the circulation ot the Ban Fran cisco Examiner during the six months t i i it. j. i ne nas nau cnarge oi ic. ne is going to keep on working fourteen hours a day until the circulation gets up to 50,001), when be will take life a little easier. Privnw rTtr.uinj J. Shepherd, of the Twenty-n'nth Pennsylvania Volun teers, has received notice from Wash ington that he is entitled to a pension and back pay for a wound received twenty-three years ago. He has been seeking a pension for twenty years without success. The back pay and arrearages due him will amount to over $1U,0U0. He Is forty-live years of age and still sutlers from his wound. Clarence Lamb and Louise Bodimer wern adventurous young couple who elected to be married at the East Aurjra fair, New York, and realized a handsome outfit by the operation. Even 5ir wedding clothes were given them, and the minister bought the privilege of marrying them by the gift of half a ton ot fertilizer and a $5 gold piece. It was a great success- tor Liouise ana her little Liamb. An Odd Royal Favor. Atntrlcan Register, Paris. A good and authentic story is told of a German Diogenes. When King Frederick William IV of Prussia visit ed the Rhine provinces in 1843 he stopped some hours at Wesel, in which strongly fortified town, as the military commander of the post in formed him, the oldest man in the monarchy was then living. The King went to see the oldest of his subjects and found him a hale and still hearty veteran ol 100, comfortably seated in an old armcnair, enjoying nis in separable companion a short pipe. On the approach of the King he rose and advanced a few steps, but the King made him sit down a ad convers ed quite freely with him, the pipe, however, not leaving the old man's lips a minute. On parting the King asked him if he had any wish that he could gratify. "o, your Majesty," was the reply. I thank you; I have everything I need in this world." "Have you. indeed? Just think a moment we mortals generally have some wish or other." "Well, sire, on second thought I might ask a favor. My physician in sists upon my taking a walk every day on the ramparts. Every time I pass in front of the powder magazine the sentry hails me from a distance. crying out, Take that pipe out ol your mouth, ana as i can aavance but slowly, my pipe goes out every time. Now, if your ' majesty will be gracious enough to give the order that the sentry shall let me smoke my pips in peace the whole ot the way, I shall esteem it the greatest boon of my re maining days." The order was given, and the old man enjoyed the privilege for upwardi oi two years, aying wun ms pipe his tueutfc. M The Man Whcf Belongs to the Band. From Texas SlttlnM. A man in uniform holding a brass Horn in bis hand was standing on a corner awaiting a street car. Men and women gave him but a passing glance, it they regarded him at ail, but a little group ot boys had gather ed about, looking at him with admira tion, it not with awe, and we heard one little fellow say to his comrade, "Look, Tommy, he belongs to the band," although the band might have belonged to him for anything that hr knew. Some unthinking people envy the man who belongs to the band because ot the attention he attracts while his horn is exalted. Thoy see him going to picnics and popular celebrations without costing him a cent in tact, paid for his timo, with beer thrown in all he can throw in, just because he belongs to the band. While others have to work for a living, be wins it by playing, and with some of them it is play day all the year round. And so they envy the man who be longs to the band, and somotimos a fellow buys a drum and endeavors to get the hang of it, or a horn and learns to toot it, with or without a tooter, hoping to be invited some day to join a brass band. But does the man who belongs to the band enjoy himself so very much more than his fellows? All is not even brass that glittors, and a weary, dis satisfied heart may lie adjacent to the lungs that are blowing the joyous notes of Boulanger march. Even a trombone may have feeling, and there may be a depth of woe in the appar ently callous interior of a brass drum that the outside world never dreams of. There must be occasions when the man who belongs to the band would prefer to stay at home rather than to participate in the most gorgeous pa geant. Then there are other times when, strongly partisan in his feelings, he is required to serenade a man of opposite political faith whom he de tests, and when, Instead ot playing "Hail to the Chief," it would afford him the liveliest satisfaction to assist in the "Rogue's March." We have often had our sympathies aroured for the man who belongs to the band. We have seen him at a pic nic in August, squeezed with his fel lows all in heavy uniforms, into a little music stand diabolically arrang ed to be in the blazing sun the most of the day, and expected to play every twenty minutes. We have observed him on commencement day, forced to listen for hours in a hot, crowded room to the windy efforts of the future orators of America. We have thought of his weary marches in political pro cessions, Masonic funerals and other occasions more or less cheerful to fi very body except the man who be ongs to the band, and our heart has bled for him. But having Joined the band, he must hold himself ready to go where duty and the leader call. Seemingly Cruel, but Kind. Newspaper men often seem cruel when they are most kind. The fact isn't always recognized, but an agreeable exception is noted by the Binghamton Republican: Caller (in newspaper office) "Twen ty years ago I wrote a poem." Editor "Yes?" "I brought it to this office, and you refused to publish it." "Very likely." "I remember that I mentally put you down then as a confounded idiot, who didn't know enough to ache when Sxurt." "Naturally." "I looked that poem over again the other dny, and have come to bco you about It?' ' "Aha!" "I have come to say that if looked as greeen twenty years ago as that poem proves me to have been, I want to thank you because you didn't cut me up and feed me to the cows. Good day." The editor drew a long chalk maik tinder the table. It was the first case in all his experience in which twenty years had begotten sense enough to un derstand that it is sometimes neces sary to be cruel to be kind. Sumner's Sense of Duty. A. B. Johnson in October Cosmopolitan. About the time of tbe firing on Sum ter a naval officer, a South Caroli nian by birth and education, but who had a warm (esthetic friendship for Sumter, came to him one day in great embarrassment. "What shall I do," he asked, "it my ship is ordered to the South to coerce my own people?" "Read your commission, sir," was the answer. "But suppose my ship was ordered to Charleston?" "Read your commission, sir." "But suppose the ranges her broad sides against the city of my birth?" "Read your commission, sir," was again the answer. "But, Senator, what if I am order d to fire on my father's plantation?" "Read your commission, sir," gin thundered the Senatot. This officer, who is still living, dMl not leave his flag, but was never placed in the terrible embarrassment be pict ured for himself. Old-Fashioned Cottages. From American Art Illustrated. Old-fashioned living rooms had one advantage over the rooms of the present day, for this room of the house was tho home room, where all interests centered, all pleasant asso ciations crowded, and when Bhadows came they only deepened tho tone of the room, for they could not blot out the beauty which had gathered through the days and years. To-day we have nothing which approaches the com fort of the old tune room, unlosr it be the cottage dining-room, which is alao a Bit ting-room, a place where peoplo live and from which a closet opens to receive the children's toys, when play is over, and into which the dainty lunches and bountikil dinners come, without inconvenience to any one. A pretty cottage on the hillside has two small rooms in front, and run ning back some twanty feet is a long room, originally intended for a wood shod and summer kitchen; tho charm ing genius of tho housekeeper roscued this apartment, determined to have a room which would serve for many purposes, and tho result was a very picturesque, practical interior. Tho walls were covered with bark, taken from the trunks of living trees, large pieces were nailed upon the inner walls, which were merely rough board ed inside, but a surface very well adapted to the rough covering. Around tho base of the room, twelve inches from tho wall, was placed a board twelve inches high; the space between th'6 and the wall was filled in with earth, vinos and plants were set out, the vines trained upon the wall, confined by tiny strips of leath er. Brackets were made of plain form and covered with bark, whilo the flower pots to stand upon them were made attractive by a cover of gray and green moss. The windows of the room were large, and during the win ter sunshine entored without any ob struction to break its rays. It was a merry, sunny room, never, of course, in perfect order, but clean and bright with a sense of comfort and pleasant home life, delightful to all who entered. Expensive Collars For Dogs. From the Now York Sun. "The most costly collar I ever sup plied for a dog," said a leading manu facturer in that line, "went to Phila delphia. It was a chain collar, of gold and silver, and worth ?200. No, Geoege W. Childs, A. M., was not the purchaser, and I must decline to tell you the purchaser's name. The ani mal which wears the $200 collar is a greyhound, and a beauty. "Quite a number of New York dogs have collars worth $100 or therea bouts. Ot course, they belong to wealthy people, and a pretty lively eye is kept on the collars when the dog-catchers are about. The hand somest collar I know of in New York is worn by a mastiff somewhere about Thirty-fourth street. The chain collar is the favorite with buyers, and the average domand is for collars costing about $0, but they range in price down to 15 cents. "Women are in the large majority among purchasers, and most ot them are married women, the chestnut about maiden laides and their pecul iar devotion to poodles having very little foundation at least in New York. The pug seems to be the favorite an imal with the fair sex, but I notice that many good women of pood taste prefer a setter. Nearly all the rich women of New York own a dog of some kind or another and take good care of it, too. However, men also sometimes show quite as deep an at tachment to their four-footed friends as women, and I have witnessed re markable instances of grief for the loss of a dog some instances that would astonish the public. "Women are getting more into the habit of blanketing their dogs in cold weather; but the great majority of dogs have still to trust to their nat ural covering for protection from the cold. However, a very large num ber of dogs in New York, between col lars and blankets, carry more value around with them than the average citizen. "Another thing worth mentioning is that, to the best of my observation, the best dogs are not seen at the dog shows. Many of the finest dogs in the city are not allowed near a dog shovr. Their owners would not permit their pets to be put on exhibition." The Eclipse In Russia. From an Kxchange. Wnen Professor Mendelaieff was de scending in his military baloon near Moscow, after observing the recent eclipse, several peasants ran out of the village ot Oderkoff with guns to shoot "the evil beast that had dark ened the face of the sun." There waa a general fear among the Russian peasantry that the world was coming to an end. This idea was strengthen ed by the curious coincidence that on Sunday preceding the eclipse the gos pel appointed to be read in the churches happened to be the 24th chapter of Matthew, in which occurred the prediction that the sun shall be darkened and the stars "Bhall fall from the heavens. Ten days after the eclipses in the provinte ot Perm there was a remarkable fall of aerolites. One pice ot the motoric stone weighed about a quarter ot a ton, aoa caused an earth shock in its fall like an earth quake. n WHAT w MLS YOU? Tic you fi-r-1 dull, languid, low-spirited, llfo. ess, nnd Indescribably miserable, both physl en 1 1. mill mentally; experience a sense of 1'iilliK-Htt or bloating itru-r cullnir, or of "gono' hum," or -iit ltiHM of stomach In tlio morn Ink. tongue. -oated, hitter or bud tastu in mouth, irregular appetite, dUzlncss, frequent headaches, blurred eyesight," limiting specks" bel'uro Hie eyes, nervous prostration or ox IihuhHoii. Irritability of toiiiH-r, hot Hushes, ii IiikiiiiI iif. will. nHllltr hiimil I, i.ia ulnicd Imltiir. trans cut im lis noru iinil thorn, eo i nisiiirncu nun imnuresiung Sleep, constant, liidcserinaiiiu leinnitf oi uri'uii, or ot impend' ug calamity r If rou have nil, or ntiy considerable number of tfii-xo symptoms, you aro sulTcrlng from that most common of Amcrinm maladies iilllous Dvsncnslu. or Torpid I.Ivor, associated Willi 1 Hnf.in, or Indigestion. Tho mora complicated your disease hits bncomo, tho greater I ho iiuinlx-r nnd diversity of svmp oiu. No matter what stage It. has reached, Ilr. Pierre (Joldcn Medical HlNcovery will subdue it, if taken according to direc tions for n reiwomihlo li-nirtli of time. If not oiiii-d, eoiriplleutloiin multiply und ConRiimp ttnnol'the l.iimra. Skin Kiwiweg, Heart Dluease, HheiiiiiiiliHiii.. Kidney lilxeHHP, or other grave tmtladicti Hie ipilto ImHo to set In nnd, sooner or laU-r. Iiidnett n fatal termination. Dr. Pierce' Uoltlou JUrdW-nl DIi. rover) uetH powerfully upon tho Liver, nnd throinfli that ,-'reat blood -purifyliitf organ, eleaiiHi e tin-H.VHiein nf nil blood-taiutN nnd iin piii'jliox, I nun whatever ciiiiho nrixluir. It is equally i-lllenelouH In nctiiiK upon tho Kid nevrt, and other excretory organs, cleansing, treugt hening, nnd healing their discuses. Ah an itpiM-ti.in, roMoratlvo tonic, it promotes digest Ion mm nutrition, thereby building up both tlexli nnd strength. In malarial districts, this wonderful medicine hits gained great celebrity In curing Fever nnd Ague, Chills and Fever, I mini) Ague, and kindred diseases. Dr. Pierce', lioldou JTIcdlcul Dis covery CURES ALL HUMORS. from a common lllotch, or Eruption, to tho worst Scrofula. Halt-rheum, "Fever-sores," Scaly or Hough Skin, In short, nil discuses caused by bad blood nro coiKiiiered by this powerful, purifying, mid Invigorating medi cine, (ircat Kilting Ulcers rapidly heal under its Ix-nign Intliicnce. Especially has it inanl fested its potency in curing Tetter, Eczema, Erysipelas, Unite, Carbuncles, Soro Eyes, Scrof ulous Sores and Swellings, Hip-Joint Disease, " White Swellings," (Joitre, or Thick Keck, nntl Enlarged (Hands. Send ten cents In stamps for fi largo Treatise, with colored plati-s, on Skin Diseases, or tlin same amount' for a Treatiiiu on Scrofulous Affections. "FOR THE BLOOD IS THE LIFE." Thorounhlv cleanse It by using Dr. Pierre's (Joldctt itledicul PlHCOvery, nnd good digestion, n fair skin, buoyant spirits, vital "trciiKth nnd bodily health will bo established. CONSUMPTION, which is Nrrofula ofllie I.uiish. Is arrested and cured by this remedy, if taken In the earlier singes of tho disease. From its mar velous power over this terribly fatal disease, when llrst olfering this now world-famed rem edy to tlie public, Dr. I'ierco thought seriously of ealliHg it. Ills "Consumption Cokk," but nbaiidoiied that name us too restrictive for a medicine which, from its wonderful com bination of tonic, or strengthening, alterative, or lilnod-elt-anslng, nntl-bilioUB, pectoral, and nutritive properties, is iinequnlcd, not only us n remodv for Consumption, but for all Chronic DImcum-s of tho Liver, Blood, and Lungs. For Weak Lungs, Spitting of Jllood, Short ness of Ureiith, Chronic. Nasal Catarrh, Uron cliltis, Asthma, Severn Coughs, and kindrutf ntl'cctlons. It. Is nn efliclcnt. remedy. Stdd bv Druggists, at $1.00, or Six Dottles for S.M). if Send ton cents In si limps for Dr. Pierce' look on Consumption. Address, , World's Dispensary Medical Association, 003 Mniu St, BUFFALO. N.lfr WEBB CITY, ARK., BLOOD Having tested 15. B. B, nnd found it to be all that is claimed lor it, I commend it to any and every one sintering lrom blood poison. It lias done me more good lor less money nsi 1 In a shorter space of time than any blood purliler I ever used. I owe the comlrt ol my life to its use, lor I have been troubled with a severe form of blood poison lor & or 0 years und found no rellei equal to that given by the use of 1). U. U. W. C. McOauhky. Webb City, Ark., May 8, m. All who desire full Information about the cause and cure of Blood Poisons, Scrofula und Scrofulous .Swellings, Ulcers, Sores, lilivumntlBm, Kidney Complaints, Catarrh, etc., cuu secure by mail, free, a copy ol our Si page Illustrated Book of Wonders, tilled with the most wonderful and startling proot ever before known. Address, 13 LOUD BALM CO., Atlanta, (J a, A TOMEl MOTS. I contracted malaria In tbe swamps o Louisiana while working, for the Telegraph company, and used every kind of medicine I could hear of without relief. I at last succeeded In breaking the fever but It cost me over 100.00, and then my system was prostrated and saturated with malarial poison and 1 became helpless. I finally came here, niv mouth so tilled with sores that I could scarcely eat. and my tongue raw and tilled with little knots. Various remedies were resorted to without ellect. I bought two bottles of B. B. B. and it has cured and strengthened me. All sores of my mouth aro healed and my tongue en tirely clear ol kuoti and soreness and 1 (eel like a new man. Jackson, Tcnn., April 20, 180. A. F. Bhitton. STIFFJOINTS. A Most Remarkable Case of Scrofula and Rheumatism. I have a little boy twelve years old whose knees have been drawn almost double and his Joints are perfectly atllf, and lias been In this condition three yeara unable to 'Walk. During that time the medical board ol Lou don county examined Llm and pronounced the disease icrofula and prescribed, but no benefit eer derived. I the i used a much advertised preparation wllheut benefit. Three weeks ago he became perfectly help less and sullered dreadfully. A friend who bad used B. B. B. advised its use. He bas used one bottle and all pain has ceased and be can nw walk. Thle has been pro nounced a most wonderful action, as bit comn aint has baffled every thing. 1 aball continue to use It on blm. Mm. Km ma Griffiths, Unltla, Tennn March si. letto.