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The new South. [volume] (Port Royal, S.C.) 1862-1867, July 22, 1865, Image 1

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THE NEW W SOllf W
Vol. 3, No. 41. Port RoyaE S. C., Saturday, July 22,1865. Whole No. 145.
SHic gtfn! ^ouih.
I'UULLSHr.d every saturday MORNING by
J. H. SEARS, Editor and Proprietor.
P li IC ?:
One Copt, Five Cents.
I'er Hundred $3 5u.
" u 5i).
THREE .HOMHN
ONE Ykab 2 00.
INT ADVANCE. *
Advertisements.?Twenty cents a lino for first
insertion : fifteen cents for second, and ten cents
for each subsequent insertion.
TERMS CASH.
OjVc, Pho'nix Building, Union Square adjoining
J 'n.<t Office.
.\. X'rnyer.
I ask not wealth, but power to take
And use the things I have aright;
Not years, but wisdom, that shall make*
My life a profit and delight.
I ask not that for uic the plan
Of good and ill be set aside,
..... .i.?, n,/. ...tmnion lot of mail
I>4< t III.ik tuw w....... _
He lioblv borne and glorified.
1 know I may net always keep
My steps in places green stud sweet.
Nor find the pathway of the deep
A path of salcty to my feet.
List pray, that, when the tempest's biva'li
shall fiercely sweep my way about,
1 make not shipwreck of my faith
In the nuhottomed sea of doubt:
And that, though it be mine to know
How hard the stoniest pillow seems,
tiood angels still may come and go
tin the bright ladder of my dreams.
1 do not ask for love below,
'Slut friends shall never be estranged;
15nt fur the power of loving, so
My heart may keep its youth uuehanged.
Youth, joy, wealth?Fate, 1 give thee these;
I oave faith and hope till lite is passed:
And leave my he art's best impulses
Fresh and unfailing to the last.
For this I count, of all sweet things.
The sweetest out of heaven above;
\iiil loving others surely brings
The fullest nvoiiipen.se of love,
J. I!. S,
( '<>1 i oil.
A London wilter to the New Yovf;
'J iii.es says "the cotton ?j:i'Ki-cji i< far
from settled V'"l. and the y.real doiiht as
io American production hinders all ealcolation.
Rcfoie tin* u at* England paid
Cis.tX 0.000 a Year lor cotton, of which
e-Jl.tHM.O.H went to the I liited States.
Now for a half Kiipply she pays nearly
d<>ahle the ainouiil say Cli0,tiu<),iM)0.
China, Japan and India, from which so
much was e\]HCt<?iU arc practical faili
res. The best they ean do is to supply
in limited ipiantities an inferior article at
double the price. Kgypt docs a little
better, 1 ?:it not enough. If lab >r can be
r -organized in the South so as to produce
cotton i 1 former ((Uantitics ami at
funnel* prices, Amerim may again liave
i lie monopoly and supply of tin* world: 01
bv laying a heavy export duty 011 the
raw material, have a monopoly of the
manufacture. Cotton was created tr
1 lothe the world negroes were created
to raise cotton -the country has the best
negroes for raising cotton, the most no?
. . - :i 1 41 >A 1 .A-ill
?rru?*s llj lillM" 11, .Will luc in fi .....
machinery to mnmifactnre it, can cloth,
tho world, and make it cnmiueiviull.t
tributary ti> pay for it. With proper man
agenient, England and France can U
placed farther in the background by thimeam
than bv any war, however success
lul.
[Communicated.
Pri'Oflom and Unity.
The nation has passed through the
onleal of civil war triumphantly and
gloriously. The rebellion has been sup- j
pressed, treason has been crushed, the
Union has been restored, and, on the!
National Anniversary which has just
passed, the whole country united in
j thankfulness and joyful celebration in I
honor of these events. There is no j
i longer a cause for the bitterness of feel- j
ing which so long existed between the
North and the South, and which linally
culminated in civil war. Slavery, the,
festering clement in the body politic
which caused an estrangement between j
die two sections, lias been eradicated, !
and its fruits?sectional animosity and
hatred?should no longer exist. At tin's
point it is well that the people should
take a calm and intelligent view of tkcj
present position of the nation, and care-j
j fully consider the course that is best
adapted to its future prosperity and
!greatness. The war is a thing of the
past. Those who raised the hand of rebellion
have been taught a lesson in I
1 1 " I
loyally wuicn iney ne\t*r can aim
!ii repetition of their treasonable experiinent
need not be expected. They acknowledge
that their scheme has proven
! a complete failure, they admit that the
Confederacy is dead beyond resurrection,
and .they now manifest a disposition to
take their old places in the Union, and
atone for secession by becoming true and !
I loyal citizens. It is evidently to the in-'
1 tercst of the North, as well as of the!
South, that the bond of friendship between
the two sections shall be cemented '
quickly and permanently. Iliis harmony i
is essential to the advancement of our;
national greatness, for internal disscn-i
sious and sectional bitterness are shackles'
upon the prosperity of any country, necessarily
impeding its progress. Therefore*,
since we have buried the past and
commemorated tin* event in the grand'
nation ii jubilee which has just occur.ed.
the next duty dearly i> to start out upon
the future in such a maimer as shall W 1
best calculated to give renewed vitality
t>? tin- mitiouul life, and place the country
more tlriid\ upon the basis ol treedoin
and unity.
ICoMliiUllii-atei).
I
'I'll** >?tiiiOi ( 'iiruliuu (iovi'i'iiui'slii|>.
Cm!. r.KNJAMIN' F. I'kkilv, who 1:U ; jllSt
been appointed i'rovisinmd Governor ot
South Carolina, is tin* representative of
, a class of men, few in iiumlicr, who may
!?* called the soil11il?-st of modern South
'Carolina politicians. He ii from the
Greenville District, where for so many
I years he published the M.nihfitiruer. a
t journal of controlling power and healthy
influence anions the jieople of that re'
- " - 1 l... i,
, m<?U. 1 110 1 llion semu::em 11.i-> uccn
much stronger there than in any other
- part of the State; the only Union man
; | vet timed to the last South Carolina Legisi
latnre, fleeted before the war, wu-? s.-nt
from there.
4
Colonel Pekjiy was a delegate to the
famous Charleston Convention of 1SG0;
and when the secessionists bolted, to
break up the session of the body, he
alone of the South Carolina delegation
refused to join in the movement. He
remained in his place, and continned to
act there as a South Carolina representative,
although a heavy pressure was
brought to bear to induce him to withdraw,
and make the action of his State
undivided on the side of secession. His j
linn refusal to do so drew upon him the
vindictive hostility of the secessionists, i
who crowded the galleries of the Con-1
veution Hall to hiss him whenever he
voted or spoke.
Since the war has been in progress a
letter from Col. Perry, in favor of pacification
on the basis of reunion, was
published and copied extensively into
Northern journals. There is scarcely
room to doubt the sincere Unionism of a
man whose record presents such evidence
as his affords of fidelity to that cause.
His selection to take in cnurge me execu-1
tive affairs of South Carolina is, on this
score, by far the best that could be made
from among the live persons recommended
to the President by the delega.
tion from that State. Mr. w. W. Boyck,
the ablest man of the five, and perhaps
now a reliable Union man, has a bad
secession record, although not of the j
worst stripe of the South Carolina men.
Mr. Aiken* has neither the good Union:
record of Cob Perry, nor the ability of!
Mr. Boyce. Mr. Manning, another of
the five nominees of the delegation, was
not a fit person to be named in such a
?/mnoMinn: and their recommendation
VV4*M>.v ?-? j ?
of him is a most unacconntable step on
the part of the committee. Jie was a
rampant rebel, anil served as a volunteer
aid on Beai:regard's staft' when Fort
Sumter was taken in 1801. The other j
man of the five, McOi.aha.vy, has no
moid in national or State politics to'
make his name much known outside a
very limited circle.
\ cy i't) 11H l'.iye.
The Speech delivered l?v Heury Win
IcT Davis, a short lillie uiru.e. at Chicago,
:i clear, elaborate and liio-.l lorcioir
statement of tlie negro ilocttim* .ineern
ing negro suffrage. The p. sition v, hich
Mr. Da\is occupies as apiomiucnl and
intliicutial leader of the Kepab!i?'.in pat
ty, entitles his political declarations f"
greater consideration than those ot tin
I'hillips class, tor lie represents a l.nt'e
, influence an I cannot be charged with,
fanaticism. The germ of his doctrine,
however, is the same ;ts that embodied
in the late utterances of Phillips, and
other radicals of e\ cry degree, lie makes
negro suffrage tlie great panacea tor all
the ills of reorganization in the South,
and draws a frightful prospective figure I
of the consequences that, in his opinion,
must ensue without it. In this view he
falls into ihe same error which Inn char
notorized all the oth? r expositors oi tins
doctrine?that the negro element would j
keep the latent rebel element of the
South in subjection, ami wield the bal !
anee of political power in favor of North-1
. ern ideas. Aside from other objections, i
(it would seem to require but little j
' thonghttulncss to see that the i'liec t ct'
such a policy would clearly Lie to aggravate
the evils that are complained of,
rather than to eradicate them. This feature
of the question turns upon the point
whether the mass of the Southern negroes
would vote for or against the late policy *
of their late masters. Unless the negro
nature underwent a remarkable transformation
when the shackles of slavery
were struck from him, he is, in ignorance,
one of (lie most credulous ot the
human family; easily deceived and imposed
upon. Now, suppose that negro
suffrage was established throughout the
South, what would be the result? Evidently
the negroes would be "as clay
in the hands ot the potter." The masters
for whom they labor would have but little
difficulty in moulding them, either
by persuasion or threats, to their own
- i ^^.,1.1
purpose ; aim nonuer.i imiueuee cuum
not reach them to coumeract this impositiou.
If Mr. Davis d sires to make the
benefits of negro enfranchisement apparent
to the people, he must first indicate
sonic encouragement i; the present mental
status of the negro. This subject he
studiously evades, with the exception of
a single reference to the fact that they
fought under Yankee leadership, and
would probably vote in the same way.?
Cut Yankee leadership is uot practicable
in the case of voting. How can they receive
Northern influence when not one in
live hundred can read ? Herein is an illustration
of the importance of making
them intellectually capable of voting before
giving them the franchise. If they
were competent to read, they might be
influenced by Yankee leadership, or
at least know what they were putting in4"%
Knllr.f 1\av Thn cnpf'ph fif Xfl#.
? IUC UiUllH-UV/A. X uv UJ'VVVM v? ?>?>
Davis, like the emanations from other
leading radicals, is strongly denunciatory
of the policy pursued by President
Johnson with reference to reorganization,
although his language is more closely
guarded and devoid of abuse. Its delivery
at this time, in the West, is doubtless
intended as an opening of the suffrage
issue in that quarter, and as a part
of the programme for agitating this subject
into political prominence.
JOS. H. SEARS,
AGENT FOR THE SALE OF
r-3 0 u. S. UONDS,
"THE NEWSOt'Til " okfick,
roitr ROYAL,
S. C.
MAPS.
WKHVVKoX SAM-:. t . S. COAST KHIiVKV
Maps of the roa-t of Suitli I'atuluia and
(inir^ia, with thr-St?u i^hiudj correctly delineated.
Also .tti Assortimut of Maps of other points
>I iatfiX'.-U ;t!oti|; tin > ui-.l. " SEARS/'
New ^outh book Store,
.Neil td the Post otiice.
? >iHce, FJorl lic.ynl, ?* . (J.
otti. ? Honrs iroui 3 A. M. to 5. P. AT.
oil Sunday from 9 to In A. M.
M.:it for Mivannah, ?.Ja . ?.it t: daily at a. M.
Reautort, S. c . 3 P. 3i.
" " Charleston s c , " " C P. 31.
Mails* tui the Aortli roll close one hoar beforo
tin inlvertieed departure o< tio- steamer.
No ri*;M-urctt letters will be received or iuol< >
onle rs drawn on tne day A th. departure c-1 the
Noi Ho rn mail tin- oflie.- will !.. open for such
business until 3 I'. M. on tin* day previous to
sailing f>l the sft-ann r.
:a; <\ H. IMAVTON, P. M
CILLMORE'S SUMTER.
.1ST RECEIVED 1ROM NIK l'BESS OK D.
J \'<n Nostras i> a lat-f- '.>t of
MAj.-orv. (tir.LMoK: *s m:\v work
Entitle.
i: \ i; i \ i E i! AMI uiiiLLum
OPERATIONS AOAlNSf CHAUESTON,
AN'l)
Ar /irr H)T TOT. A* TI ? OOATJ
1 Xir? I >E*r r..^ ?'I cn.ni v.i n \r?DVik.
Comprising the descent upon Morris Island,
the deiiiolitn.li of Fort S.UUler, tile reduction of
Foi Is Warner and Ois-s/g.
The a'K.vc work <mii b lud ut the Nkw Soi'xh
l'.r. k tore.

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