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THE NEW # SOUTH.
__________ 1 Vol. 5, No. 48. 1 Beaufort, S. C., Saturday, Sept. 29, 1866. Whole No. 177. $h? JjUuj ?oulh. ItWOlCD ITUT SATURDAY MORNING BY C.B.TKOaPtiOX, KdUflr snd Proprietor. PSICS: / On Oort, Vive Cents PKBBOBDBKD .$3 50 Three Months, 0 60 OnYrn . j2 00 IN ADVANCFw annim ftfiXl &OVRH1UI.VLW 1W- ?vire uuimu ^V. . . ? line* of solid nou panel type or spaee occupied by same) for brat insertion. Fifty cents per square each subsequent insertion. Liberal deductions made for permanent advertisements. TLKMS CASH. Gjfi?* corver of Ninth and B streets, adjoining the More of J. G. Ihomps 'on d' Co. jIS-Noticee of Habhiao?s and Dxaths inserted at 30 cents each. ADVEnraKiut will please not delay their favors later than Thursday evening. SWEET UPoPONAX! Is the sweetest Extract uiade. Supercedes all others. Try it once will use no other. Europe alter tl?? W"nr. The treaty of peace between the Powers involved in the recent European war has been definitely concluded, and we Are thus euabltd to review the important cfiftngea which it bus produced iu tlie map of Europe. Brief as the lute war bus been, iu it* influence upon th > destinies of Europe it by lar exceeds uuy occurrence since the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The countries engaged in the war were Prussia, Austria, Italy, und the Germanic Confederation, numbering together about 95,000,000 of people. The last named 01 these Powers, exclusive of the provinces of Aust ia and Prussia, numbered about. 18 500,0(10 inhabitants, has been totally destroyed. Nominally, a South German Confederation has been left, to be composed of Bavaria, Wurtemberg, Baden, 3 and part ot Hesse-11 irmstaut, auu numbering at present about 8,o00,U00 inhabitants. but popular dissatisloctiou with this arrungemeut is already spreading with greut rapidity in the very States which are to constitute the Confederation, and nothing but a ton i,jn a ar wi . be able to repress the teudency toward union with the North German States, Under the leadership of Prussia. It may be said therefore that of the four political bodies above-named, two?Prussia and the miuor German States?have been unit&l, aud Prussia, or Germauy (or by whatever other Dame the new Empire may be knowu), Will henceforth represent iu European politics the combined strength of both. The aggregate population ot Prussia and the minor German States exceeds it8,000,000 uud united they will t?e equal lu pupuiuuuu ^ France. If Prussia carries out her intention to annex Hanover, Nassau, Hease-Cassei and Frankfort, her immediate dominions Mjpuld contain a population of over 23, 000,000, against less than 5,500,(100 of her aities: a proportion which at onee shows how fully the latter will become subjects of Fru.vila in every-thing except the name. In llie largest ot the above btites?Saxony?a convention of the Liberal party has declared in favor of immediate annexation -to Prussia, and tlie same teudenC}' wl.l soon make itself * i-- Prussia. It H III CHVU 111 iuc wuvk tLereSoie, has already become a Jfower of nearly 29,0-10, 000 of inhabitants, with tin aiuuost certain prospect of soon increasing this number to 38.000,009. Thi pojiuliiiuu is fully up otogenous, an* pervaded by as strong a feeling of nation-1 ?tlity as any State in Enrope. All tbe j excellent features of PrtJRsian admiuistra-1 tion, which dnring the receut war challenged the admiration of the world, will at once be shared by the minor States wh.ch coalesce with Prussia; and no doubt can therefore be felt as to the great strength which the Prussian Government can henceforth display in Enrof>can politics. Italy was before the war a State of nbGat 22.000.0d0 people. By the treaty of pence, it receives Venetia, which according to the latest census, had a population of 2 446,058. The withdrawal of ? ?- * D the f'rencu troops irum immc ui.?n iv, moreover, highly probable that the Roman question will soon be solved by the annexntipn of the remainder of the Papal States, with a population of about 700,000, to the Kingdom of Italy. The Italian Kingdom will then liecomc a power of over 25,000,000 inhabitants. Thus the national unity of Italy is nearly complete. Austria has still about' 500.000( subjects who speak the Italian language, and are Indians in sentiment Switzeiland has an Italiau canton (Tessin) with a population of 116.000. France still owns the Island of Corsica, which in predominantly Italian; bnt Altogether, these districts connt less than 1,000,000 inhabitants. The National j party of Italy will not abandon the wish to regain all these districts for the Italian nationality; bnt it can hardly be exPected tha* an agitation like that for the annexation of Venice and Rome can .hereafter he kept up. Italian statesmen can henceforth devote their whole energy to the consolidation ol tbe Kingdom, me i improvement of its wretched" iinaneiftl! condition, and the development of all its resources. Anatria retains, after the Iors of Venetia. a popnlation of ahont 32,200.000? fnlly enough to guarantee her continu; ance as a great power. The conflict of ' its discordant nationalities rages as ftiri- j i onslv as ever. Venetia, has been aban-1 Idonpd; bat enongh Italians st?'l remain : Austrian snlJ'Cts to tempt I <y to joiu in every combination against Knstria hy which she may get the Southern Tyrol, the city of Trieste, and other Italian districts. Now already a movement has j sprung np among the Austrian Germans which aims at a separation of the German ; Provinces from Anstria and their union i m' * ~ ?* * " ^ "AAW BAAn with ITnaiia. AU1K moverueui m??j ow*. become more embarrassing to the Austrian Government than the Venetian question has ever been. The reluctant concessions of Liberal reforms to the Hungarians can but add new fuel to the internal conflict The peace of Prague can. therefore, not be expected to be of long duration. Austria, at any ui? ment ripe for insurrection and revolution; Prussia and Italy, deeply interested in another partition of Anstria; France, determined to risk a desperate war to < prevent the consummation of the political I nnitv of all Germans under the leadership ' of Prussia: Russia, mofethan ever aware! of the immense advantages she derives from the irrepressible conflicts in Central and Western Europe?snch is the present I attitude of the great Powers of the European Continent. ?The 0tta?a3, a t:ibe of partially civilized Indians, are erecting a university for the education of Indians in Kansas. 'Their Chief, John Jones, is a tborugh 1 y -educated man, and in tne leaner m ' the enterprise, aud associated with hiui are ae^eml other gentlemen, including the Rev. Mr. Hutchinson, the Government Indian Agent liar the Ott iwas. By a treaty consummated two or three years since the Ottawas gave twenty thousand , acrt-s of luiui from the Centre ot their reservation for the establishment of this] university. . I All Sorts. -?By the subjoined paragraph, which we find iu a London paper, it will be seen that the American eagle has flapped his j wings at least once daring tne war in Europe: "A letter froni Frankfort to the Presse of Vienna tails the fellowiog story of the Prussian occupation of Frankfort. Mr. Murphy, the American Minister to the Diet, was informed by Gen. de Manteuffel that he and his countrymen could I not be relieved from the charge of billet-1 ing soldiers on their houses. Mr. Mur-j phy put on his hat, and simply replying, I "General, pray observe that our fleet is! ir> the Baltic," took his leave. The Ame-! ; riean residents have had no soldiers billetted on them." The Mobile Advertiser says that the body of a Federal soldier has been dug , up near there compietely petrified. There are many bold Federal soldiers living Knt una i* a Run liter. He was a hero ' of Lime stoue Ridge, and is now quite Rigid. He is supposed to have been petrified with astonishment at a sudden ; torn in the battle, _ ' The Army Worm.?The appearance of this terrible scourge is reported iu oeveral localities. The Colombo* riunsav*; the only way to stop their depredation* , is to catch each individual of tb? army, i and crush it between the lingers. Tne j Sun says the army worms will not attack the cotton crop very vigorously during j July Or August, the weather being too hot tor them, but duriug September they make their greatest ravages, destroying j the cotton plants both night and day j A writer in that paper mentions bin experience with the army worm during Sapteinber, in 1860, in u held of corn measuring about ten acres. Tbe "aruiy"j extended across the field from West to j East, over three buudred yards, and ap- j pareutly contained countless millions ot worms. Tbe writer of tbe article, bowever, determined to try the plan of mashing the worms between the lingers, a,id I succeeded so well that in halfi.n hour he placed six Degrees at the work, and before sun-down had subdued the entiie j iormy. j - 1 j ?The Petersbnrq LvU.t savs the grave i j diggers at the Outer have unearthed, a | short distance in front of that famons | place the body of a white woman dressed j in Federal uniform. The body when found I | was in excellent state of prestrvation- the j I bust especially wa3 perfect. The features i pahid with the hue of death, revealed the delicate cast of her woman's face., and I i her hair, though cut short possessed a gloss and softness wnicb alone might have j i excited a suspicion of her kpx. she had | been shot through the head. ? The broken-bone f?ver ia raging i terribly in Charleston. I ' j BENNETT & CO., BAY STREET. TT??Cm,.vn*t.i llAnar UKUMt tTXATMIB llui'iu, Has on haud at the lowest Market Rate* NEW CROP FLOUR, ' . FRESH BUTTER, LEAF LARD, BROWN, POWDfefcED, CRUSHED AND GRANULATED SUGARS. MOLASSES, SYRUP, BACON, PORK, RICE, COFFEE, SALT, TOBACCO. NORTHERN HOMINY, &f. II Whvlenaleand Retail. DEALERS SUPPLIED PBOMPTI-iY AM) at inn ij\j " mnt. aep '29 tf FOR cemTsTosT" AND JACKSONVILLE. . ^ The fine new TJ. S. Mnil Steamer K A T E, opt THoa j. lockwood, Leaven Charleston every MONDAY MORNTNO ?t 6 o'clock, touching at Reatifort sad ail the landings on the St JoUu'h river. RETURNING, Leaves Tarkeonvill. every WEDNESDAY, touching at Beaufort on THURSDAY. For freight or passage, apply to xi..?. french. Agent, Beaufort, *>. c. may 20 ly WEEKLy L|N ~ FOR CHARLES Tj)U BEAUFORT. The Kenr and Fast 8teauier * FANNIE, <*pt. McNMtv Leaver Charleston every FRIDAY at H a. m., Arriving at Beaufort aau.e day Hi 2 p. in. Returning, iis^yea Beuutort every SATI'ilI?A Y at 6 a. m For Freight or Paoaaga apply to Aug3 ly M. J. FRLSCil. agvit. ""57 uT TV run n.iL/i:/ Valuable HOUSES an.l LOTH In Baanfori. 3. C at h>w pric*a, or will hr r xchangr-d for Cottoa Plantation*, L'uquire at thla oltice. aepl At THE RiVEH SIDE MILL it ' Can notr famish, in qaant'ti^ to snit, a superior article of Horse or Mule fead Confuting of Com and Oats gTunnd and I mixed. Also, at all time*, a nice article 01 Wh'te Hominy and Meal Which are offered to the Trad a at reai sonable rate*. C. WATE ft HOUSE, BW ST., 2JEAB PIER NO 1. ? i