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1 Founded by W. B. Kin. Hepublican J'urty J The tihtp. AH 7i' Is The Sea." Fred Douglas. $1.60 Per Annum 'VOL. 28, KO. 20. DALLAS, TEXAS, , 8ATfcRDAY, 3L4RCH 1, 1919. PEICE FIVE CEXTS. t' 3 V if 1 -.! I WEST VA. I1EGR0ES GET EXTRA LARGE SJJGLDF POLITICAL PIE "BIRTH OF A NATION" RECEIVES FINAL BLOW, MANY NEW POSITIONS FOR COLORED CREATED BY LEGISLATURE, APPROPRIATIONS LIBERAL. COLORED MEMBERS ON IM PORTANT COMMITTEES. By .J. C. Gilmor. Charleston, W. Va., Feb. 24. The prohibition against the exhibition du ring the period of the war of the 'Blrth of a Nation," and similar pic tures and plays, put into eftoct last - summer by an order of the Executive State Council of Defense, wascon tinued definitely by the legislature, Thursday last, when it passed on a measure drafted by H. J. Capchart, one of the three Colored members of the lower house. The law pro vides as a penalty not only for ex hibiting but also for advertising such pictures and plays a fine of not more than $1,000 and confinement In Jail ot not more than 30 days, the latter at the discretion of the court. Other legislation of special bene fit in . th rare was the creation of the state supervisor of Colored school with a salary of $2,400 - per annum and $500 for traveling - ex penses, and an advisory board to the state board of education to be com posed of two citizens of color, the compensation or each to De i,uuu a yar and $500 for traveling ex penses. This advisory board, acting with the supervisor, practically will have charge of all matters pertain ing to the state's Colored education al institutions. It authorltlvely Is reported that among the first duties it will be called upon to perform will be the recommending to the state board of education: of a presl-d-jnt for the West Virginia Collegiate Institute where a change has been under consideration for some time. In the matter of appropriations for the next two years the legislature was very liberal to the Colored In stitutions. For the erection and maintenance of ft hospital for Colored I II HEGRQ By The Associated Negro Press. ' Chicago, Feb. 27. (Special) Chica go, the second largest cuy in uie; nation, leads all others in Negro population, according to the latest . and best information obtainable. Sta-I tlBtlcs gathered since the beginning; of the migration more than two years ago, place the Negro population of, the "Windy City" at 150,000. The section on the South Side formerly; known as the "Black Belt" has A In an. rnnnv directions that the belt has increased In size until It is now a coat Section after section of the big city where white families formerly lived have baen turned over to Ne gro residents because of the great demand for homes. Many of these places run up in values to thousands of dollars, but members of the race are living in them and ktuplng them, in many Instances, In much better mnrimnn that their former white occupants. However, there has in ' too many Instances been a dispro portionate increase of rentals, and this matter is receiving the atten-i tion of civio workers. I Demand for labor, high wages and the awakening of the Negro through travels induced by the war, together with southern discrimination and lynchings, are among the causes oi the tremendous Influx. While the la bor conditions now aje greatly affect ed by the war adjustment problems, there Is evary reason to believe that 1919 will Bee another big migration ' as - soon aa industrial questions are T. Arnold Hill, secretary of the Chicago Urban League, said recent ly: "There have been few labor troubles, because the majority of the men employed are unionized. This probably has prevented troubles which otherwise might have risen. "Thore have been some conflicts when Negro families established themselves, but no real racial trouble." Sentiment Favors Pan-African Congress. . - By Associated Negro Press. Chicago, Feb, 27. There has been much discussion here over the Pan-, African Congress In session In Paris, France, which ta' attended by dele gates from all the countries and colonies in the world where people of African descent are living. There is ' a general opinion, regardless of the inability of some of the American delegates to receive passports, that the Congress Is timely, and there are some very Important ' and sig nificant things that may be said to the delegates attending the Peace Conference. All are agreed that the rights and privileges of the Colored peoples of ' the word, which racial division forms three fourths of the total population of the wtorld, has reached a crisis In view of the principles behind the world war.' Bolshevism, which is ' spreading , terror ii. so many sec tions of the world, has never found any encouragement, from Negro peo- CHICAGO H mm insane $165,000 and current expenses of a Colored deaf and blind school. Other institutions and their appro priations are: Colored tuberculosis sanitarium, $43,000; orphans" home, $37,000; West Virginia Collegiate In stitute, " $146,000; Bluefield Colored Institute, $67,000; Storcr College (a private institution) $5,400; Barnett, Harrison, Mercer and Lomax Hospi tals (privately owned) each $2,500, a total of $508,000. As with appropriations" so was the legislature In handing 'out positions. There were 25 Colored attaches, rang ing from clerks to janitors and maids, And if any discrimination was shown in committee assignments, the Color ed members of the house of delegates were the beneficiaries. Mr. Nutter of Kanawha county served on the ju diciary, forfeited and unappropriated lands, and insurance committees; Coleman of Fayette, on the forestry and conservation, penitentiary, labor, and medicine and sanitation; Cape hart, of McDowell on taxation and finance, claims and grievances hu mane institutions and public build ings, executive ofllces and library and railroad committees. Commenting on the services of' these gentlemen on the occasion of the presentation lo him of a loving cup by Mr. Nutter for the cloak room attendants, the speaker of the house said that, one and all, had performed the duties assigned them equally as well as the other mem bers; that he had broken precedents in placing them on the most re sponsible committees, but that their records were such as to reflect credit upon him who had appointed them, upon themselves, their race and their state. pies, and because of their loyalty to their respective governments, it la deemed onjr right that they should be accorded equal and exact juBt tice, say many Chicago leaders. New York Syncopated Orchestra In Chicago. . By Associated Negro Press. The New York Syncopated Orches tra,, under the 'direction of Will Ma rion Cook, took Chicago' oft its feet feet in delight at the famous Or chestra Hall last week. The signs of just recognition is evidenced more and more by the daily press," and this occasion was no exception 'to the rule In Chicago. Every musical critic gave a -very serious story in comment of the event, and the gen eral admission was that the , Negro people of America are the only pro ducers of native music, and are the only ones who now know how to bring out all that is most effective in tone and harmony. . NEWS FLASHES. By Associated Negro Press. New Bedford, Mass., Feb. 27. At a National Association of Colored People' meeting tere- Capt J. . O. Pryor, formerly of Sixth Mass., and later the 372th regiment, stated that Negro soldiers were discriminated against in favor of white soldiers in many instances in France, by American army officers. He told how Negro officers were relieved of their commands and ' replaced by "90 day professors and young West Pointers." St Ixmls, M' Feb. 27. A move ment is on foot here to name the public park being constructed op posite the Negro high school, in honor of J. Muton Turner, late min ister of Liberia. Columbia, S. C, Feb. 27. Negroes of South Carolina are worklrtfe for the formation which proposes to affil iate with any "political organization that will givu us the rights to which we ' are entitled." Bishop Chappele is a leading figure in the movement Topeka, Kans., Feb. 27. A big fight is on in the Kansas legislature where a bill has been introduced -to established segregated schools in cities and towns of the second class. The Negroes of-Kansas are bitterly oppressed to the measure as untimely and undemocratic, and are fighting it with a big lobby. Richmond, Va., Feb. 27. Negroes of this city have begun ai aggressive campaign in behalf of better living conditions and better jobs from the city of Richmond.. The movement is backed by all local Negro organiza tion and is receiving much encour agement from whites. The efforts are endorsed editorially by the Times Dispatch, white, which says: "From the standpoint of public health, to say nothing of simple justice to- the Colored people themselves, the city cannot afford to delay longer the relief that Is sought" Brooklyn, N. V., Feb. 27. The Brooklyn Times, white, commenting editorially on the return of the old Fifteenth New York, after performing such wonderful deeds. in France, re gards February 17th, aa one of the wonderful days in the history of Amprica. It says: "If was an epoch marking day in the annals of the Colored man in North jnerlca." On that day two greatest American cities, New York and Chicago, entirely sus pended business to give honor to the returning Negro heroes of the World War. L CREASE 1IC CRIME REPORTED THE RESULT OF, NEGRO IM MIGRATION. By the Negro Press Association. Cleveland, 0., Feb. 27.--Tbere has been much disousslon here over the report of the increase in crime in northern cities, due to the migration from the south. While the southern states still lead fn Negro population there . is a marked increase in crime conditions. The figures for most of the Northen cities show an increase, as follows: Cleveland from' 7.8 to 16.5; St. Louis from 14.5 to 20.8; Chicago, 10.0 to 11.0; Pittsburg from 6.8 to 9.6; and Philadelphia from 4.9 to 6.7. Frederick L.- Hoffman of the Pru dential Life, who tabulates theso figures, explains as follows: "The heavy migration of Negro laborers to Northern communities brought into the central urban centers particular ly the very element which continues to contribute so large a share to the homicide record of Southern com munities." TREATMENT OF NEGROES CAUSES , MUCH DISCU8SIOX, . By the Negro Press Association. Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 27. There Is much discussion going on here In various dally newspapers con cernin? he proper treatment of Ne groes. The daily nswspipers, are freer with their space on matters affevMiu the Negro thtm they have ever been before. Much of the writ ing is good, and there must be some beneficial results. The Philadelphia Public Ledger contained a long let ter recently from R. F. Mlntz, a pri vate in the Medical Department, at Camp Humphreys, Va. The writer, a southern soldier by both blood and blrthnight," as he proudly proclaims, really makes a serious effort to de fend "jira crowisra." His letter was inspired by an editorial in The Pub lic Ledger entitled: "No Jim Crow Trenches in France." KLU KLUX FEVER 8PREADS TO PITTSBURGH. Pittsburg, Pa., Feb.. 27. Terror stricken East end Negroes are seek ing escape from threatened violence from ft gang singing Itself the "Klu Klux . Klan." Representative "Race People have taken the matter up with insurance companies, because1, proper ty destruction has 'been, threatened. This sign was placed on many churches and homes: Klu Klux Klan, The war is over Negroes. Stay in your place. If you don't, We'll put you there. (Signed) Klu Klux Klan. All the signs are printed in red and black ink, and the threats stand out in bold letters. . n u BARRED FROM HOSTESS HOUSE The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, through its Secretary, .John R, Shil lady of New York, makes public a letter to Secretary of War, Newton D. Baker, protesting against a mem orandum issued by command of Bri gadier. General' Nicholson on Feb. 14, at Camp Upton to the Command ing Officers of various Colored units now at that camp, directing 'he com manding officers to instruct their men and their families not to use any Hostess House in ' the camp except the one set aside for Colored sol diers at Second Avenue and K th street The Association entered its protest and its . request for action by the War Department for two reasons which' it. sets forth. Fln't, iyecause the one house provided for Colored trool 8 is totally inadequate to serve j all . of the Colored troops at the I cam)' at mis ume, parucuiariy iu view of the fact that the entire 92nd Division is either in America or on its wa, here, together with other Colored units. Second, the Association declare that a more In-opportune time to issue such an order could hardly have been chorci, in view of the fact that these same men from France whore they fought for democracy, many of then being -wounded and many of them having seen their comrades killed, and that such an order is not only an insult but a , repudiation of- the principle of de-' mocracy for which they fought The Association asks that Secretary Bak er, as head of the War Department ! take action immediately ' to correct this mistake. The letter to Secreta ry Baker, sent by the Association, follows: i . "Hon. Newton D. Baker, Secretary of War, Washington, D. C. Feb. 20, 1919. Sir: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People re spectfully but emphatically protest against the terms of a memorandum issued on February 14 at Camp Up ton by the command of Brigadier General Nicholson to tl.e Command ing Officers of the 36i;th, 369th, 370th, 371st and 372nd Infantry and to the 854th Motor Transport Corps, all -of these being x Colored units. This memorandum states that "the Hostess House at 2nd Avenue and 13th street is intended primarily for HI III i run it be COMPLETELY DRY Washington, Feb. 27. Members of the different embassies located in Washington ' expect a great increase In their sonlal oopularlty after the Nation-wide prohibition amendment goes into effect - Throughout the country, the embassies will be the only cases for the thirsty. j Under 'the theory that the embas sy is extra-territorial and is the territory of the country represented, they will not be subject to the Nation-wide "dry" law. While the Nation goes thirsty, the representatives of the different for eign countries may have their collars stacked with liquors. While thore' has been no social ukases issued as' to whether it will be proper or not at official dinners to serve wines and liquors, there is no question but the personal friendship of the Ambassadors and Ministers and their corps of assist tans will be highly appreciated in 1 a capital of desert-like aridity. - The situation is given additional embarrasment by the fact that Rep resentative Barckley, who singularly enough comes, from Kentucky, Is en gineering the passage of a bill which would confiscate all of the stored supplies which are now being cached all over the aountry in cellars, under garage cement floors and in other places, , including safety deposit vaults. ' The oasis offered by the embas sies under these trying circumstances promises to furnish questions of in ternational propriety which may even go so far as to require submis sion to the league of nations. Mem bers of . the ambassadorial corps frankly admit', they have not de cided upon ft'- course of procedure and are anxious to remove the ques tion of the equipment of ' their tab lets from the realm of "open cove nants, openly arrived at" They recognize the diplomatic ' and international . embarrasment" that would be likely to ensure in re turning an American official dinner at which the leading drinks were cold water and grape juice with a feast where champagne would sit en throned with all of its former poetic grandeur. By doing so they fear to invite an . international propaganda on the pari of the Aiid-Saloon League which would make that of the Bolshevik propaganda look sickly and anaemic. The possibilities of the Commission of Social Contretemps are so many that it has even been suggested that the matter be broached at the peace conference with the view of deciding whether or not the problem can be solved on the basis of "self-determination." Colored troops and it is highly de sired , that they " use this Hostess House exclusively, unless their num bers are so great that this particu lar house will not accomodate t'lem. The official in charge of other hos tess Houses reports that the Colored Soldiers are crowding out the white soldiers and for tbvious reasons this is not desirable." The memo randum further states that it "is not considered necessary or even desirable to issue an order requiring Colored soldiers to use the Hcitess House at 2nd avenue, and 13th St" Paragraph 3 states that the memo randum "applies particularly to Sundays, when, in all prooabllity, large numbers of white women will be In camp. And it is not d- Arable to have them served or accommodated In the same Hostess Hones with the families of Colored soldii rs." It is our definite infoimation that there is only one Hostess House at Camp Upton manned by .Colored Y. Vr. C. A. workers and that the ac commodations provided for the 92nd Division and other Colored units are totaly inadequate. Probably no more in-onportune and in-approrriate time could have been chosen ior issuing such instructions, when thousands of Colored soldiers are returning lo America, after hav ing made a 'record in France sur passed by none. We are certain that you can enter Into the feelings of these men who, many, of them wound ed, having left numbers of their comrades, beneath the soil of Franc- , find themselves subjected to such discriminatory treatment On last Monday when the 369th Regiment the old 15th New York National Guards paraded in New York City, the entire regiment decorated with the Croix de Guerre, 171 of its men wearing individual citations for valor In battle, all New York did them honor. One of the dally pa pers said, in commenting on that parade, that "the color line was for gotten in doing honor to those who had show a that they were me i," while another stated that "though this (369th) regiment was composed entirely of Negroes it made no dif ference." Shall it be said that this regiment, greeted as heroes by the unanimous plaudits of all New York, was deemed unfit to use and un welcome in the Hostess Houses of Camp Upton, other than the ' one segregated house for Cieir use? Respectfully yours, (Signed) JOHN R. SHIMADY, Secretary. Colored Photo Play Causes Up roar In Chicago Upper Circles. Chicago, 111., Feb. 27. Excitement ran high here Thursday, Feb. 20th, when - the Board of Moving Picture Censors, acting upon an injunction gotten out by three Colored ministers of this city, ordered Oscar Micheaux's mammoth photoplay, "The Home steader," stopped because one of the ministers stated that the play was actual reproduction of his personal affairs with the writer, and that the drama, acted entirely by Colored people, consisting of eight reels, ten ded to expose his private life. The picture, when stopped by agents rep resenting the Board of Censors, was showing to a crowded house at the Eighth Regiment Armory, 35th and Forest avenue. A wave ut indignation swept the entire audience when the announce ment was made that the Censor Board would have to review the play the following day at the Censor Board Room, County building. The audience had witnessed two-reels of the play. A committee of prominent Chlca goans including Bishop Fallows, (white); Col. John R. Marshall, for merly commanding the Eighth. Regi ment; George W. Ellis, corporation counsel, city tot Chicago; Mrs. Irda Nelson, dental surgeon; Oscar De Priest ex-alderman ; Major-General Morris Lewis, Uniform Rank of Odd Fellows; Mrs. George Cleveland Hall; Mrs. Adah M. Waters; of the Amanda Smith home for Girls; Robert S. Ab bott Editor of the Chicago Defender and Attorney George H. Jackson, wit nessed the reshowing of the photo Play. Following a request of the Censor Board to give an expression, all unanimously agreed that was nothing in the picture, that would reflect up on., the minister's personal char acter or that of his family. The Board, acting upon this information. Issued a permit granting 'The Home steader" the right to be exhibited. Oscar Mlcheaux, Colored writer and producer of 'The Homesteader," also producer of the "Forged Note," is said to have based his plot of the play around his private , life. His unhappy marriage to ft minister's daughter, and the hypocritical role the minister played in causing strife in the family, are potent factors in the right reel drama, which was produced at ft cost of 12,000.00. By Associated Negro Press. Chicago, 111., Feb. 27, 1919. The most gigantic and wonderful public demonstration ever held in the city of Chicago, took place Mon day when the 370th . Infantry, the Old Eighth Illinois, was welcomed home by the populace. It ' is not the word of an enthused individual patriot but the published expression of every dally newspaper in Chicago, and all leading authorities, that never has ' Chicago seen anything to equal the Monday demonstration. It was more than an event it marks an epoch, and it is in this light that the story of the occasion is treated. Never have the Chicago daily news papers given so much space In uews, illustrations and editorials to any thing in which the Negro was . con nected. Great full page wide head lines, fujl illustrations and column editorials announced and welcomed the dusky heroes who achieved un dying fame on the world battle fields of France. Let it be thoroughly understood that it was not a race event, it was a truly Chicago event in all the word implhs, and its effect will be felt throughout the nation. More than 500,000 people viewed the pa rade in which the conquering heroes marched through the principal thor oughfares of Chicago's famous loop business district. Business was sus pended everywhere, and the enthus iasm of all the people showed with out doubt that Chic, go, with its great cosmopolitan population, is the climax American city of true de mocracy and jus'.ce. There was speech making by Va yor Thompson, Ool. Thos. Rcheits, CjI. Otis Duncan and others, aul ti e one fact Impressed on all t its: The day has come when the door of opportunity in the Un'ted States is' opened for the Negro, and it must be kept opened at all hazards. , The men were attired in full mil itary equipment with steel hel mets, rifles, cartridge belts, and the paraphernalia with which they chased the Germans back across the Hln derburg line. They are the first soldiers out of Chicago who acctually participated in the fighting, to return as a unit. Looking to the future, after the men have been demobilized, the fighting men have returned home with the same grim determination to enter into civio life they used in chasing the Huns back into their own country. Capt. Lewis E. John son, an attorney in civil life and the man who built the first great Negro Y. M. C. A., in this country at Washington, expressed the senti ment of thA men when he said: "When intend to get into political and civic affairs, and we are de termined to be heard. We sacrificed that democracy might be made safe and we are jrolag to have some say in seeing bow. the game is carried on at hor.ie." Lieut Col. Duncan, the man of C1AIM COMESHER DUS KY HEROES HOME 111ISTERI . 0JlARt,i! CAMPS MILLIONS ARE THROWN AWAY AND NEGRO SOLDIERS ARE ENSLAVED. NEGRO SOLDIERS BUILD 15 MILES OF CON CRETE WALKS FOR $30 A "MONTH. ' Washington, Feb. 27, Waste of many millions of dollars of the money of the people in military camps of the country since the signing of the armistice, through extravagant ex penditure and carelessness in hand ling property, and systematic en slaving of Negroes in the South un der guise of military discipline, have been proven in unimpeachable evi dence presented by Representative Dillion of South Dakota, in a sen sational speech before the House. - Declaring that the most flagrant case of the kind uncovered by him was that in the vicinity of Newport News, Va., he said that the govern ment had built there,, and without the slightest necessity, a cement highway six miles in length, in the construction of which Negro soldiers had been employed; that numerous buildings had been built for the Morrison Aviation Field thefe and on low ground which had to be abandoned; that 500 cottages and other dwellings of the most modern design were built for workmen who do not and never will occupy them; that arrangements are even now be ing made to build 800 more such houses there; 'that though the streets are' impassable because of mud and water and the town of Hilton, as it is now called, lies in swampy ground, it is the intention to fill in around the houses, pave the . streets and build fifteen miles of sidewalk; and that large ditches are being dug by Negro soldiers at $30. ft Bjonth each. Dillion said that he had. found in his personal investigation made on the spot that a mile out of Hilton, in a stevedore camp now a part of Camp Alexander, he had found many open air storage buildings, 20 by 133 feet In dimension and' costing $2,660 each, and in them were supposed to be stored , 400 caterpillar tractors and fourteen armored tanks, each costing $55,000, but that the latter were ly ing in the mud and rain, to become a hopeless waste. A little further on were tWenty-four covered ware houses, 150 by 25fr feetln dimension, with nothing in them. Nearby he found corrals, operated by the an imal embarkation dftislon of 'the army, and containing several thous and horses and mules, standing in several inches of mud and with noth ing but mud to lie in. ' It was re ported to him that some of them had been there since August 1918, and had cost the government $240. each. At Old Point Comfort, In the same vicinity, Dillon disclosed several hun dred cantonment buildings built on whom it was said: ."He didn't have sense enough to know when to stop fighting," stated that the men are all glad to get home, and are very serious in their desire to enter into civil life, now that the fighting is over, nd the days of peace are at hand. Col. Duncan also . said - that he will do all he personally can to keep in touch with the men of his regiment and encourage them. There is active effort being car ried out in Chicago, in an organized way, to give employment to everyone of the Negro soldiers returning home. 20,000 ROOZERS GO TO BALTI MORF, TO LAY V( SUPPLIES OF LIQUOR. Washington, Feb. 27. Residents of Washington are making the most of 'he few remaining hours in which to pieparo for the long dry spell which will follow upon the signa ture by President Wilson of the reve nue bill, oue of the provisions of which will make the Capital dry. The bill with its bone-dry rider, was taken to Boston by Secretary Tumulty and will I o presented to the President on hi arrival. If he does not sign it for.hwlth it will no less surely become a law during the week which Wilson will spend in the United States, Washington, in uticIpati.on of the worst has been buying up the avail able liquor supply of Baltimore, its last minute shopping In the wet goods district of its sister city hav ing reduced Baltimore to nearly as dry a condition as that in siore for the Capital. Twenty thousand vound trip tickets to Baltimore were bought Saturday, resulting lu a congestion greater than any. in the history of Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and the necessity of putting three specials of twelve cars each on the Washington run Saturday night Automobile traffice between the two cities also exceeded all previous records. WA5TS FOMH FOR AGED EX SLATES. Nacogdoches, Feb.. 27. A. C. Churchwell, a Negro has been in this community , for the last two years getting up donations to. erect a home for the indigent Negroes, who were slaves. He has purchased fifty acres of land near town and half of the property is paid for. A movement Is now on foot among the white people to aid hlra to carry out his expectations. There is no doubt about the hearty approval of a large na.lorlty of the former Con federate soldiers of this protect, as the old time Negro durtng the war between the states was loyal to his masttr when he was in the army. such impossible sites that a pumping plant, had been constructed to pump saud into the water about them. Sev eral hundred ammunition trucks and tractors he found exposed to the salt aid and the elements in such a way as to assure their speedy ruin through rust. ' SIhInUt JloUye In Deals. ' In explaining the sinister meaning of all this, Dillon explained to his colleagues" that "in Newport News are ten apartment houses built by the War Department All of them con tain eight apartments of four rooms each and are used by the officer clerks of the port authorities and by employees of the Shipping Board. They are said to be built on land owned by the Newport News Ship building and Drydock Company. They are stucco buildings with slate roofs and have all modern improvemenU. The president of this company is Homer u Ferguson. He is a broth er of Gen. Frank K. Ferguson, the commanding officer of that army dis trict. Capt L. G. Thorn is assistant to the executive officer and In charge of the labor department. He is a brother-in-law of one of the Fer gusons. It will thus be seen that this family controls practically the commercial and governmental ac tivities at Newport News, ; and also the military activities in that entire army district Thus they cooperate among themselves and with various government, activities .and have mu tual interests in the upbuilding of that community, including the phan tom city. Hilton, in the swamp." Dillon went on to reveal that eigh ty acres of this swampy land was purchased from a straw company set up for the purpose of $40,000. "So help me God," exclaimed the white-haired South Dakotan, "1 would not pay $10 an acre for that land!" Yet $3,550,000 of the money of the taxpayers was turned over to this straw company for development, with the land and improvements as securi ty. -Street cars were purchased at a cost of $11,4000 each and leased to- therrallway company at five per cent on the investment for no other purpose ' than carrying imaginary workmen from the phantom Hilton K' L ' . 1 I . . iu oewyurt news, ana ii was agreea that Jater the company should be allowed to purchase them at reduced cost Four companies stationed there had nine captains, fourteen first lieu tenants and eight second lieutenants. Negro soldiers worked in construction beside laborers making $3 per day, were charged $10 to $15 for affidavit attached to applications for discharge. By Associated Negro Press. Memphis, Tenn., Feb. 27. From ll indications, the campaign for Presi- I dent in 1920 is no on and promises I to be the most extensive ever car ried on in the history of the nation. One of the real leaders to be reck oned with in the south, one of the youngLrs men of wealth, education dud aggressiveness is R. Church of this city. Mr. Church is in the game of politics- as a real profession, acd because he believes he can serve the best lnterebt ' his race. E frank ly admits that he aspires to be a real leader, not for selfish purposes, or for mere jo'), but to get advantages that are now denied the Negrr., Every returning soldier is coming home with a new vision and grim deterro'iiat.on to get the justice he was pi amis ed when he was fighting and bl edlng on the battlefields el France. There is no hesitation in saying that the "old Ume Twillticians" must step down and out lor the sol dier boys and the men of the younger generation. Georgia Newspaper Compares Prohibition Amendment With 13ft, 14th and 1 5th. B Associated. Negro Press. Atlanta, Ga., Feb. 27. The effect of nation-wide prohibition upon the country Is being paralleled in edi torial comment with the handling of the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments. The Valdosta, (Ga.) Times (white) says: , "In order to find another recedent of the same sort, wo need only to go back to the thirteenth amendment which destroyed many millions of property in slaves with a stroke of the pen, providing far less compensation for slave holders than the eighteenth amcsdmert pro- 1 vides for distillers, brewer3 and wine merchants. If the Istitution of pri vate property survived the thirteenth amendment it can survive the eigh teenth." The is ft growing determl ed effort that the fourteenth nd fif teenth amendments mast be enforced. BOB CHURCH TO BE RI01 I'll 01 SOOTH . t t , .... .. y.' "