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The Dallas express. [volume] (Dallas, Tex.) 1893-1970, March 01, 1919, Image 1

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Founded by W. B. Kin.
Hepublican J'urty J The tihtp. AH 7i' Is The Sea." Fred Douglas.
$1.60 Per Annum
'VOL. 28, KO. 20.
DALLAS, TEXAS, , 8ATfcRDAY, 3L4RCH 1, 1919.
By .J. C. Gilmor.
Charleston, W. Va., Feb. 24. The
prohibition against the exhibition du
ring the period of the war of the
'Blrth of a Nation," and similar pic
tures and plays, put into eftoct last
- summer by an order of the Executive
State Council of Defense, wascon
tinued definitely by the legislature,
Thursday last, when it passed on
a measure drafted by H. J. Capchart,
one of the three Colored members
of the lower house. The law pro
vides as a penalty not only for ex
hibiting but also for advertising such
pictures and plays a fine of not more
than $1,000 and confinement In Jail
ot not more than 30 days, the latter
at the discretion of the court.
Other legislation of special bene
fit in . th rare was the creation of
the state supervisor of Colored
school with a salary of $2,400 - per
annum and $500 for traveling - ex
penses, and an advisory board to the
state board of education to be com
posed of two citizens of color, the
compensation or each to De i,uuu
a yar and $500 for traveling ex
penses. This advisory board, acting
with the supervisor, practically will
have charge of all matters pertain
ing to the state's Colored education
al institutions. It authorltlvely Is
reported that among the first duties
it will be called upon to perform
will be the recommending to the
state board of education: of a presl-d-jnt
for the West Virginia Collegiate
Institute where a change has been
under consideration for some time.
In the matter of appropriations for
the next two years the legislature
was very liberal to the Colored In
stitutions. For the erection and
maintenance of ft hospital for Colored
By The Associated Negro Press.
' Chicago, Feb. 27. (Special) Chica
go, the second largest cuy in uie;
nation, leads all others in Negro
population, according to the latest .
and best information obtainable. Sta-I
tlBtlcs gathered since the beginning;
of the migration more than two years
ago, place the Negro population of,
the "Windy City" at 150,000. The
section on the South Side formerly;
known as the "Black Belt" has
A In an. rnnnv directions that
the belt has increased In size until
It is now a coat
Section after section of the big
city where white families formerly
lived have baen turned over to Ne
gro residents because of the great
demand for homes. Many of these
places run up in values to thousands
of dollars, but members of the race
are living in them and ktuplng them,
in many Instances, In much better
mnrimnn that their former white
occupants. However, there has in '
too many Instances been a dispro
portionate increase of rentals, and
this matter is receiving the atten-i
tion of civio workers. I
Demand for labor, high wages and
the awakening of the Negro through
travels induced by the war, together
with southern discrimination and
lynchings, are among the causes oi
the tremendous Influx. While the la
bor conditions now aje greatly affect
ed by the war adjustment problems,
there Is evary reason to believe that
1919 will Bee another big migration
' as - soon aa industrial questions are
T. Arnold Hill, secretary of the
Chicago Urban League, said recent
ly: "There have been few labor
troubles, because the majority of the
men employed are unionized. This
probably has prevented troubles
which otherwise might have risen.
"Thore have been some conflicts
when Negro families established
themselves, but no real racial
Sentiment Favors Pan-African
Congress. . -
By Associated Negro Press.
Chicago, Feb, 27. There has been
much discussion here over the Pan-,
African Congress In session In Paris,
France, which ta' attended by dele
gates from all the countries and
colonies in the world where people
of African descent are living. There
is ' a general opinion, regardless of
the inability of some of the American
delegates to receive passports, that
the Congress Is timely, and there
are some very Important ' and sig
nificant things that may be said to
the delegates attending the Peace
All are agreed that the rights and
privileges of the Colored peoples of
' the word, which racial division forms
three fourths of the total population
of the wtorld, has reached a crisis
In view of the principles behind the
world war.' Bolshevism, which is
' spreading , terror ii. so many sec
tions of the world, has never found
any encouragement, from Negro peo-
insane $165,000 and current expenses
of a Colored deaf and blind school.
Other institutions and their appro
priations are: Colored tuberculosis
sanitarium, $43,000; orphans" home,
$37,000; West Virginia Collegiate In
stitute, " $146,000; Bluefield Colored
Institute, $67,000; Storcr College (a
private institution) $5,400; Barnett,
Harrison, Mercer and Lomax Hospi
tals (privately owned) each $2,500, a
total of $508,000.
As with appropriations" so was the
legislature In handing 'out positions.
There were 25 Colored attaches, rang
ing from clerks to janitors and maids,
And if any discrimination was shown
in committee assignments, the Color
ed members of the house of delegates
were the beneficiaries. Mr. Nutter of
Kanawha county served on the ju
diciary, forfeited and unappropriated
lands, and insurance committees;
Coleman of Fayette, on the forestry
and conservation, penitentiary, labor,
and medicine and sanitation; Cape
hart, of McDowell on taxation and
finance, claims and grievances hu
mane institutions and public build
ings, executive ofllces and library
and railroad committees.
Commenting on the services of'
these gentlemen on the occasion of
the presentation lo him of a loving
cup by Mr. Nutter for the cloak
room attendants, the speaker of the
house said that, one and all, had
performed the duties assigned them
equally as well as the other mem
bers; that he had broken precedents
in placing them on the most re
sponsible committees, but that their
records were such as to reflect credit
upon him who had appointed them,
upon themselves, their race and
their state.
pies, and because of their loyalty
to their respective governments, it
la deemed onjr right that they should
be accorded equal and exact juBt
tice, say many Chicago leaders.
New York Syncopated Orchestra
In Chicago. .
By Associated Negro Press.
The New York Syncopated Orches
tra,, under the 'direction of Will Ma
rion Cook, took Chicago' oft its feet
feet in delight at the famous Or
chestra Hall last week. The signs
of just recognition is evidenced more
and more by the daily press," and
this occasion was no exception 'to
the rule In Chicago. Every musical
critic gave a -very serious story in
comment of the event, and the gen
eral admission was that the , Negro
people of America are the only pro
ducers of native music, and are the
only ones who now know how to
bring out all that is most effective
in tone and harmony. .
By Associated Negro Press.
New Bedford, Mass., Feb. 27. At
a National Association of Colored
People' meeting tere- Capt J. . O.
Pryor, formerly of Sixth Mass., and
later the 372th regiment, stated that
Negro soldiers were discriminated
against in favor of white soldiers
in many instances in France, by
American army officers. He told
how Negro officers were relieved of
their commands and ' replaced by
"90 day professors and young West
St Ixmls, M' Feb. 27. A move
ment is on foot here to name the
public park being constructed op
posite the Negro high school, in
honor of J. Muton Turner, late min
ister of Liberia.
Columbia, S. C, Feb. 27. Negroes
of South Carolina are worklrtfe for
the formation which proposes to affil
iate with any "political organization
that will givu us the rights to which
we ' are entitled." Bishop Chappele
is a leading figure in the movement
Topeka, Kans., Feb. 27. A big
fight is on in the Kansas legislature
where a bill has been introduced -to
established segregated schools in
cities and towns of the second class.
The Negroes of-Kansas are bitterly
oppressed to the measure as untimely
and undemocratic, and are fighting
it with a big lobby.
Richmond, Va., Feb. 27. Negroes
of this city have begun ai aggressive
campaign in behalf of better living
conditions and better jobs from the
city of Richmond.. The movement is
backed by all local Negro organiza
tion and is receiving much encour
agement from whites. The efforts are
endorsed editorially by the Times
Dispatch, white, which says: "From
the standpoint of public health, to
say nothing of simple justice to- the
Colored people themselves, the city
cannot afford to delay longer the
relief that Is sought"
Brooklyn, N. V., Feb. 27. The
Brooklyn Times, white, commenting
editorially on the return of the old
Fifteenth New York, after performing
such wonderful deeds. in France, re
gards February 17th, aa one of the
wonderful days in the history of
Amprica. It says: "If was an epoch
marking day in the annals of the
Colored man in North jnerlca." On
that day two greatest American cities,
New York and Chicago, entirely sus
pended business to give honor to the
returning Negro heroes of the World
MIGRATION. By the Negro Press Association.
Cleveland, 0., Feb. 27.--Tbere has
been much disousslon here over the
report of the increase in crime in
northern cities, due to the migration
from the south. While the southern
states still lead fn Negro population
there . is a marked increase in crime
The figures for most of the Northen
cities show an increase, as follows:
Cleveland from' 7.8 to 16.5; St. Louis
from 14.5 to 20.8; Chicago, 10.0 to
11.0; Pittsburg from 6.8 to 9.6; and
Philadelphia from 4.9 to 6.7.
Frederick L.- Hoffman of the Pru
dential Life, who tabulates theso
figures, explains as follows: "The
heavy migration of Negro laborers to
Northern communities brought into
the central urban centers particular
ly the very element which continues
to contribute so large a share to the
homicide record of Southern com
By the Negro Press Association.
Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 27. There
Is much discussion going on here
In various dally newspapers con
cernin? he proper treatment of Ne
groes. The daily nswspipers, are
freer with their space on matters
affevMiu the Negro thtm they have
ever been before. Much of the writ
ing is good, and there must be some
beneficial results. The Philadelphia
Public Ledger contained a long let
ter recently from R. F. Mlntz, a pri
vate in the Medical Department, at
Camp Humphreys, Va. The writer,
a southern soldier by both blood and
blrthnight," as he proudly proclaims,
really makes a serious effort to de
fend "jira crowisra." His letter was
inspired by an editorial in The Pub
lic Ledger entitled: "No Jim Crow
Trenches in France."
Pittsburg, Pa., Feb.. 27. Terror
stricken East end Negroes are seek
ing escape from threatened violence
from ft gang singing Itself the "Klu
Klux . Klan." Representative "Race
People have taken the matter up with
insurance companies, because1, proper
ty destruction has 'been, threatened.
This sign was placed on many
churches and homes:
Klu Klux Klan,
The war is over Negroes.
Stay in your place. If you don't,
We'll put you there.
(Signed) Klu Klux Klan.
All the signs are printed in red and
black ink, and the threats stand out
in bold letters. .
n u
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People,
through its Secretary, .John R, Shil
lady of New York, makes public a
letter to Secretary of War, Newton
D. Baker, protesting against a mem
orandum issued by command of Bri
gadier. General' Nicholson on Feb.
14, at Camp Upton to the Command
ing Officers of various Colored units
now at that camp, directing 'he com
manding officers to instruct their men
and their families not to use any
Hostess House in ' the camp except
the one set aside for Colored sol
diers at Second Avenue and K th
The Association entered its protest
and its . request for action by the
War Department for two reasons
which' it. sets forth. Fln't, iyecause
the one house provided for Colored
trool 8 is totally inadequate to serve j
all . of the Colored troops at the I
cam)' at mis ume, parucuiariy iu
view of the fact that the entire 92nd
Division is either in America or on
its wa, here, together with other
Colored units.
Second, the Association declare that
a more In-opportune time to issue
such an order could hardly have
been chorci, in view of the fact
that these same men from France
whore they fought for democracy,
many of then being -wounded and
many of them having seen their
comrades killed, and that such an
order is not only an insult but a ,
repudiation of- the principle of de-'
mocracy for which they fought The
Association asks that Secretary Bak
er, as head of the War Department !
take action immediately ' to correct
this mistake. The letter to Secreta
ry Baker, sent by the Association,
i .
"Hon. Newton D. Baker,
Secretary of War,
Washington, D. C. Feb.
20, 1919.
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People re
spectfully but emphatically protest
against the terms of a memorandum
issued on February 14 at Camp Up
ton by the command of Brigadier
General Nicholson to tl.e Command
ing Officers of the 36i;th, 369th, 370th,
371st and 372nd Infantry and to the
854th Motor Transport Corps, all -of
these being x Colored units.
This memorandum states that "the
Hostess House at 2nd Avenue and
13th street is intended primarily for
i run it be
Washington, Feb. 27. Members of
the different embassies located in
Washington ' expect a great increase
In their sonlal oopularlty after the
Nation-wide prohibition amendment
goes into effect - Throughout the
country, the embassies will be the
only cases for the thirsty. j
Under 'the theory that the embas
sy is extra-territorial and is the
territory of the country represented,
they will not be subject to the Nation-wide
"dry" law.
While the Nation goes thirsty, the
representatives of the different for
eign countries may have their collars
stacked with liquors.
While thore' has been no social
ukases issued as' to whether it will
be proper or not at official dinners
to serve wines and liquors, there
is no question but the personal
friendship of the Ambassadors and
Ministers and their corps of assist
tans will be highly appreciated in 1
a capital of desert-like aridity. -
The situation is given additional
embarrasment by the fact that Rep
resentative Barckley, who singularly
enough comes, from Kentucky, Is en
gineering the passage of a bill which
would confiscate all of the stored
supplies which are now being cached
all over the aountry in cellars, under
garage cement floors and in other
places, , including safety deposit
vaults. '
The oasis offered by the embas
sies under these trying circumstances
promises to furnish questions of in
ternational propriety which may
even go so far as to require submis
sion to the league of nations. Mem
bers of . the ambassadorial corps
frankly admit', they have not de
cided upon ft'- course of procedure
and are anxious to remove the ques
tion of the equipment of ' their tab
lets from the realm of "open cove
nants, openly arrived at"
They recognize the diplomatic ' and
international . embarrasment" that
would be likely to ensure in re
turning an American official dinner
at which the leading drinks were cold
water and grape juice with a feast
where champagne would sit en
throned with all of its former poetic
By doing so they fear to invite
an . international propaganda on the
pari of the Aiid-Saloon League which
would make that of the Bolshevik
propaganda look sickly and anaemic.
The possibilities of the Commission
of Social Contretemps are so many
that it has even been suggested that
the matter be broached at the peace
conference with the view of deciding
whether or not the problem can be
solved on the basis of "self-determination."
Colored troops and it is highly de
sired , that they " use this Hostess
House exclusively, unless their num
bers are so great that this particu
lar house will not accomodate t'lem.
The official in charge of other hos
tess Houses reports that the Colored
Soldiers are crowding out the white
soldiers and for tbvious reasons
this is not desirable." The memo
randum further states that it "is
not considered necessary or even
desirable to issue an order requiring
Colored soldiers to use the Hcitess
House at 2nd avenue, and 13th St"
Paragraph 3 states that the memo
randum "applies particularly to
Sundays, when, in all prooabllity,
large numbers of white women will
be In camp. And it is not d- Arable
to have them served or accommodated
In the same Hostess Hones with the
families of Colored soldii rs."
It is our definite infoimation that
there is only one Hostess House at
Camp Upton manned by .Colored Y.
Vr. C. A. workers and that the ac
commodations provided for the 92nd
Division and other Colored units are
totaly inadequate.
Probably no more in-onportune and
in-approrriate time could have been
chosen ior issuing such instructions,
when thousands of Colored soldiers
are returning lo America, after hav
ing made a 'record in France sur
passed by none. We are certain that
you can enter Into the feelings of
these men who, many, of them wound
ed, having left numbers of their
comrades, beneath the soil of Franc- ,
find themselves subjected to such
discriminatory treatment
On last Monday when the 369th
Regiment the old 15th New York
National Guards paraded in New York
City, the entire regiment decorated
with the Croix de Guerre, 171 of its
men wearing individual citations for
valor In battle, all New York did
them honor. One of the dally pa
pers said, in commenting on that
parade, that "the color line was for
gotten in doing honor to those who
had show a that they were me i,"
while another stated that "though
this (369th) regiment was composed
entirely of Negroes it made no dif
ference." Shall it be said that this
regiment, greeted as heroes by the
unanimous plaudits of all New York,
was deemed unfit to use and un
welcome in the Hostess Houses of
Camp Upton, other than the ' one
segregated house for Cieir use?
Respectfully yours,
Colored Photo Play Causes Up
roar In Chicago Upper
Chicago, 111., Feb. 27. Excitement
ran high here Thursday, Feb. 20th,
when - the Board of Moving Picture
Censors, acting upon an injunction
gotten out by three Colored ministers
of this city, ordered Oscar Micheaux's
mammoth photoplay, "The Home
steader," stopped because one of the
ministers stated that the play was
actual reproduction of his personal
affairs with the writer, and that the
drama, acted entirely by Colored
people, consisting of eight reels, ten
ded to expose his private life. The
picture, when stopped by agents rep
resenting the Board of Censors, was
showing to a crowded house at the
Eighth Regiment Armory, 35th and
Forest avenue.
A wave ut indignation swept the
entire audience when the announce
ment was made that the Censor
Board would have to review the play
the following day at the Censor
Board Room, County building. The
audience had witnessed two-reels of
the play.
A committee of prominent Chlca
goans including Bishop Fallows,
(white); Col. John R. Marshall, for
merly commanding the Eighth. Regi
ment; George W. Ellis, corporation
counsel, city tot Chicago; Mrs. Irda
Nelson, dental surgeon; Oscar De
Priest ex-alderman ; Major-General
Morris Lewis, Uniform Rank of Odd
Fellows; Mrs. George Cleveland Hall;
Mrs. Adah M. Waters; of the Amanda
Smith home for Girls; Robert S. Ab
bott Editor of the Chicago Defender
and Attorney George H. Jackson, wit
nessed the reshowing of the photo
Play. Following a request of the Censor
Board to give an expression, all
unanimously agreed that was nothing
in the picture, that would reflect up
on., the minister's personal char
acter or that of his family. The
Board, acting upon this information.
Issued a permit granting 'The Home
steader" the right to be exhibited.
Oscar Mlcheaux, Colored writer and
producer of 'The Homesteader," also
producer of the "Forged Note," is
said to have based his plot of the
play around his private , life. His
unhappy marriage to ft minister's
daughter, and the hypocritical role
the minister played in causing strife
in the family, are potent factors in
the right reel drama, which was
produced at ft cost of 12,000.00.
By Associated Negro Press.
Chicago, 111., Feb. 27, 1919.
The most gigantic and wonderful
public demonstration ever held in
the city of Chicago, took place Mon
day when the 370th . Infantry, the
Old Eighth Illinois, was welcomed
home by the populace. It ' is not
the word of an enthused individual
patriot but the published expression
of every dally newspaper in Chicago,
and all leading authorities, that never
has ' Chicago seen anything to equal
the Monday demonstration. It was
more than an event it marks an
epoch, and it is in this light that
the story of the occasion is treated.
Never have the Chicago daily news
papers given so much space In uews,
illustrations and editorials to any
thing in which the Negro was . con
nected. Great full page wide head
lines, fujl illustrations and column
editorials announced and welcomed
the dusky heroes who achieved un
dying fame on the world battle fields
of France.
Let it be thoroughly understood
that it was not a race event, it
was a truly Chicago event in all
the word implhs, and its effect will
be felt throughout the nation. More
than 500,000 people viewed the pa
rade in which the conquering heroes
marched through the principal thor
oughfares of Chicago's famous loop
business district. Business was sus
pended everywhere, and the enthus
iasm of all the people showed with
out doubt that Chic, go, with its
great cosmopolitan population, is the
climax American city of true de
mocracy and jus'.ce.
There was speech making by Va
yor Thompson, Ool. Thos. Rcheits,
CjI. Otis Duncan and others, aul
ti e one fact Impressed on all
t its: The day has come when the
door of opportunity in the Un'ted
States is' opened for the Negro,
and it must be kept opened at all
hazards. ,
The men were attired in full mil
itary equipment with steel hel
mets, rifles, cartridge belts, and the
paraphernalia with which they chased
the Germans back across the Hln
derburg line. They are the first
soldiers out of Chicago who acctually
participated in the fighting, to return
as a unit.
Looking to the future, after the
men have been demobilized, the
fighting men have returned home
with the same grim determination to
enter into civio life they used in
chasing the Huns back into their
own country. Capt. Lewis E. John
son, an attorney in civil life and
the man who built the first great
Negro Y. M. C. A., in this country
at Washington, expressed the senti
ment of thA men when he said:
"When intend to get into political
and civic affairs, and we are de
termined to be heard. We sacrificed
that democracy might be made safe
and we are jrolag to have some say
in seeing bow. the game is carried
on at hor.ie."
Lieut Col. Duncan, the man of
Washington, Feb. 27, Waste of
many millions of dollars of the money
of the people in military camps of
the country since the signing of the
armistice, through extravagant ex
penditure and carelessness in hand
ling property, and systematic en
slaving of Negroes in the South un
der guise of military discipline, have
been proven in unimpeachable evi
dence presented by Representative
Dillion of South Dakota, in a sen
sational speech before the House. -
Declaring that the most flagrant
case of the kind uncovered by him
was that in the vicinity of Newport
News, Va., he said that the govern
ment had built there,, and without
the slightest necessity, a cement
highway six miles in length, in the
construction of which Negro soldiers
had been employed; that numerous
buildings had been built for the
Morrison Aviation Field thefe and
on low ground which had to be
abandoned; that 500 cottages and
other dwellings of the most modern
design were built for workmen who
do not and never will occupy them;
that arrangements are even now be
ing made to build 800 more such
houses there; 'that though the streets
are' impassable because of mud and
water and the town of Hilton, as it
is now called, lies in swampy ground,
it is the intention to fill in around
the houses, pave the . streets and
build fifteen miles of sidewalk; and
that large ditches are being dug by
Negro soldiers at $30. ft Bjonth each.
Dillion said that he had. found in
his personal investigation made on
the spot that a mile out of Hilton, in
a stevedore camp now a part of Camp
Alexander, he had found many open
air storage buildings, 20 by 133 feet
In dimension and' costing $2,660 each,
and in them were supposed to be
stored , 400 caterpillar tractors and
fourteen armored tanks, each costing
$55,000, but that the latter were ly
ing in the mud and rain, to become
a hopeless waste. A little further
on were tWenty-four covered ware
houses, 150 by 25fr feetln dimension,
with nothing in them. Nearby he
found corrals, operated by the an
imal embarkation dftislon of 'the
army, and containing several thous
and horses and mules, standing in
several inches of mud and with noth
ing but mud to lie in. ' It was re
ported to him that some of them had
been there since August 1918, and
had cost the government $240. each.
At Old Point Comfort, In the same
vicinity, Dillon disclosed several hun
dred cantonment buildings built on
whom it was said: ."He didn't have
sense enough to know when to stop
fighting," stated that the men are
all glad to get home, and are very
serious in their desire to enter into
civil life, now that the fighting is
over, nd the days of peace are at
hand. Col. Duncan also . said - that
he will do all he personally can to
keep in touch with the men of his
regiment and encourage them.
There is active effort being car
ried out in Chicago, in an organized
way, to give employment to everyone
of the Negro soldiers returning home.
Washington, Feb. 27. Residents of
Washington are making the most of
'he few remaining hours in which
to pieparo for the long dry spell
which will follow upon the signa
ture by President Wilson of the reve
nue bill, oue of the provisions of
which will make the Capital dry.
The bill with its bone-dry rider,
was taken to Boston by Secretary
Tumulty and will I o presented to
the President on hi arrival. If he
does not sign it for.hwlth it will no
less surely become a law during the
week which Wilson will spend in
the United States,
Washington, in uticIpati.on of the
worst has been buying up the avail
able liquor supply of Baltimore, its
last minute shopping In the wet
goods district of its sister city hav
ing reduced Baltimore to nearly as
dry a condition as that in siore for
the Capital.
Twenty thousand vound trip tickets
to Baltimore were bought Saturday,
resulting lu a congestion greater
than any. in the history of Baltimore
& Ohio Railroad and the necessity
of putting three specials of twelve
cars each on the Washington run
Saturday night Automobile traffice
between the two cities also exceeded
all previous records.
SLATES. Nacogdoches, Feb.. 27. A. C.
Churchwell, a Negro has been in
this community , for the last two
years getting up donations to. erect
a home for the indigent Negroes,
who were slaves. He has purchased
fifty acres of land near town and
half of the property is paid for.
A movement Is now on foot among
the white people to aid hlra to carry
out his expectations. There is no
doubt about the hearty approval of
a large na.lorlty of the former Con
federate soldiers of this protect, as
the old time Negro durtng the war
between the states was loyal to his
masttr when he was in the army.
such impossible sites that a pumping
plant, had been constructed to pump
saud into the water about them. Sev
eral hundred ammunition trucks and
tractors he found exposed to the
salt aid and the elements in such
a way as to assure their speedy ruin
through rust. '
SIhInUt JloUye In Deals.
' In explaining the sinister meaning
of all this, Dillon explained to his
colleagues" that "in Newport News are
ten apartment houses built by the
War Department All of them con
tain eight apartments of four rooms
each and are used by the officer
clerks of the port authorities and
by employees of the Shipping Board.
They are said to be built on land
owned by the Newport News Ship
building and Drydock Company. They
are stucco buildings with slate roofs
and have all modern improvemenU.
The president of this company is
Homer u Ferguson. He is a broth
er of Gen. Frank K. Ferguson, the
commanding officer of that army dis
trict. Capt L. G. Thorn is assistant
to the executive officer and In charge
of the labor department. He is a
brother-in-law of one of the Fer
gusons. It will thus be seen that
this family controls practically the
commercial and governmental ac
tivities at Newport News, ; and also
the military activities in that entire
army district Thus they cooperate
among themselves and with various
government, activities .and have mu
tual interests in the upbuilding of
that community, including the phan
tom city. Hilton, in the swamp."
Dillon went on to reveal that eigh
ty acres of this swampy land was
purchased from a straw company
set up for the purpose of $40,000.
"So help me God," exclaimed the
white-haired South Dakotan, "1 would
not pay $10 an acre for that land!"
Yet $3,550,000 of the money of the
taxpayers was turned over to this
straw company for development, with
the land and improvements as securi
ty. -Street cars were purchased at
a cost of $11,4000 each and leased
to- therrallway company at five per
cent on the investment for no other
purpose ' than carrying imaginary
workmen from the phantom Hilton
K' L ' . 1 I . .
iu oewyurt news, ana ii was agreea
that Jater the company should be
allowed to purchase them at reduced
cost Four companies stationed there
had nine captains, fourteen first lieu
tenants and eight second lieutenants.
Negro soldiers worked in construction
beside laborers making $3 per day,
were charged $10 to $15 for affidavit
attached to applications for discharge.
By Associated Negro Press.
Memphis, Tenn., Feb. 27. From ll
indications, the campaign for Presi-
I dent in 1920 is no on and promises
I to be the most extensive ever car
ried on in the history of the nation.
One of the real leaders to be reck
oned with in the south, one of the
youngLrs men of wealth, education
dud aggressiveness is R. Church of
this city. Mr. Church is in the game
of politics- as a real profession, acd
because he believes he can serve the
best lnterebt ' his race. E frank
ly admits that he aspires to be a
real leader, not for selfish purposes,
or for mere jo'), but to get advantages
that are now denied the Negrr.,
Every returning soldier is coming
home with a new vision and grim
deterro'iiat.on to get the justice he
was pi amis ed when he was fighting
and bl edlng on the battlefields el
France. There is no hesitation in
saying that the "old Ume Twillticians"
must step down and out lor the sol
dier boys and the men of the younger
Georgia Newspaper Compares
Prohibition Amendment With
13ft, 14th and 1 5th.
B Associated. Negro Press.
Atlanta, Ga., Feb. 27. The effect
of nation-wide prohibition upon the
country Is being paralleled in edi
torial comment with the handling of
the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments.
The Valdosta, (Ga.) Times (white)
says: , "In order to find another
recedent of the same sort, wo need
only to go back to the thirteenth
amendment which destroyed many
millions of property in slaves with
a stroke of the pen, providing far
less compensation for slave holders
than the eighteenth amcsdmert pro-
1 vides for distillers, brewer3 and wine
merchants. If the Istitution of pri
vate property survived the thirteenth
amendment it can survive the eigh
teenth." The is ft growing determl
ed effort that the fourteenth nd fif
teenth amendments mast be enforced.
I'll 01 SOOTH
. t
t , .... .. y.' "

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