kfr TV. rsT
Founded by w. E. King. . Republican Piiriy .Jfi The Hhip; All MJlae Is The 8ea." Fred Douglas. U0 Per Annum
YOL, 26, KO. 83. .'.':' TUB DALLAS EXPRESS, DALLAS TEXAS, " SATURDAY, MAI 81, MM. . PRICE FIYE CE5TS.
" i ' T ' ' r . . ' ' 1 i ir
PASSES TO THE "GREAT BEYOHD"
MADAM C, J. WALKER, BUSINESS WOMAN AND PHILANTHRO
PIST DIES AFTER BRIEF ILLNESS. HER ONLY DAUGHTER
TO DIRECT THE BUSINESS LEFT. FUNERAL FRIDAY.
. ....,,. .r,,.,..."l" Mt IIHII I 111,1
": " v ""-vO
(By the Associated Negro Press).
Now York, May 28. Madam C. J.
Walker, business woman and phil
anthroplst regarded as the richest
woman of the race, died early Sun
day morning at her beautiful home.
Irving ton-on-the-Hudson. .
. Madam Walker took sick, during
. a recent visit visit to St. Louis. Thar
she has attended by noted physicians
and aa soon as possible, was removed
to her home in New York, where she
was attended by her family physician,
MaJ. Joseph H. Ward of Indianapo
lis, recently returned from France,
and other noted BpoclailV. " " v
Nothing known to medical sclenoe
was left undone In order to' give to
this noted and unusual woman a
longer lease on life. Madam Walk
er sank into coma on Thursday, and
never regained consciousness. Her
end was peaceful. The funeral was
UdABLE 10 RETURN
(By the Associated Negro Press).
Chicago, May 29. The Chicago
Association of Commerce has stirred
up a veritable "hornets nest" In Its
gratltuous efforts to "furnish surplus
Negro labor to Southern communi
ties." It develops that there is a
small conspiracy of plans, backed
by the northern white men and
capital invested In the South, to get
the black laborers South.
As a matter of cold fact there is
a great demand for laborers. In the
North, but the race men are exercis
ing careful Judgment in deciding
where they go, and only a small
percentage care In the least to re
turn to the South. Maay of them
are going North and West but few
- la addition to this, as fast as they
can get passports, thousands of for
eigners are going back to their native
lands abroad. So great has been de
mand, for one reason and another,
that Congress has been besieged with
requests to pass a law placing re
strictions on emigration.
All of this makes the Race man a
most Important factor in the econo
mic situation. There is every reason
to believe that In the long run, he
will fare better because of the press
ing demand for Industrial workers
In many fields.
The majority of the ' communities
that received the famous telegram
from the Chicago Association of Com
merce have sent word back that they
do not wish the "Southern Negroes
with Northern ideas," and the few
who have sent representatives up
here to "look them over" have re
turned to their homes with the opin
ion that there has been a change in
the manner of the people who once
were kept from knowing that "a
man's a man for a' that"
Expect A Large Race Delega
tion at the Melodist Centenary.
(By the Associated Netro Press).
Columbus. Ohio, May 29. Having
been genuinely aasurud that prepara
tions have been completed, there
are growing indications that large
cum ASS II
NEGROES TO SOUTH
arranged for Friday, and was one
of the largest ever held in the city.
Numbers of the representatives of
Madam Walker's firm from various
parts of the country are In the city
to do her homage. Telegrams of con
dolence have been received from
distinguished persons all over this
country and many other parts of the
world.. The entire arrangements for
the funeral are in the hands of
Madam Walker's attorney, F. B. Ran
som of Indianapolis.
It is understood that the business
left by Madam Walker will be car
ried on by her only daughter; Mrs.
Leila Robinson Walker, a young wo
man of unusual business accomplish
ments. Madam "Walker left a legacy
to the race in business and phil
anthropy that may well be an inspira
tion and example to- all. Born a lit
tle over fifty years ago in Vlcksburg.
Miss. Her early life was spent prac
tically In poverty. Not many years
ago, she began the manufacture of
hair preparations, and in a short
time there was a demand from all
sections of the country. Madam Walk
er, was undecided where, to establish
headquarters. She was m Pittsburg,
Cleveland and other points and fin
ally selected Indianapolis, the home
of the business. '. The success of the
business is due to the fact that Mad-
anr Walker saw the great importance
of advertising Judiciously, regardless
of expense. Her charities and phil
anthroples date from her early suc
cesses in business. She started the
country a few year ago by giving
$1,000 toward the erection of the
IndlanaDolis T. M. A.. !ne then
.Madam Walker has Jtaa' a generous
donor and much of her good work
is unknown to the world. For years
she has kept a number of young
people in Tuskegee Institute and
other schools. Her last big public
gift was just a few weeks ago, when
she sent her check for $5,000 towards
a fund to fight lynching In the United
numbers of our . people will attend
the Methodist Centenary at Columbus,
June 20 to July 13. This event which
Is calculated to bring the Methodist
Church North and the Methodist
Church South together in a degree
of co-operation without precedent
since 1847, has a peculiar signifi
cance for the Race because the first
Home Missionary of the Methodist
Episcopal church was a Negro, John
Stewart who began his work of evan
gel iza Ion among, the Wyndot Indians,
near what Is now Upper Sandusky,
In Ohio. The general church gives
fun credit to this fact
Ir their enormous plans, the Meth
odist of two churches have created
a special department to show the
work of the Race in evangelization.
and to provide for entertainment at
Columbus Rev. Dr. B. L. Gilliam,
of Eleventh Street M. E. Church, is
chairman of this committee. There
are Eight Methodist Episcopal chur
ches among our people In this city.
All the leading Methodtat workers of
both Races and both churches from
all over the country will be present
at this gathering. It will be an event
long to be remembered, as plana
concerning vital Interests of the
church militant and the church tri
umphant in promoting the progress
of Citizenship will be considered
and handled without fear or favor.
Omaha Colored Women Well
Represented In Industry.
C?y the Associated Negro Prass).
' Omaha, Neb., May, 29. According
to the report of the Omaha Welfare
Board on "Women In Industry" and
published In ' their Bulletin No. 1;
there are over 200 Colored Women
out 'of a total of one thousand, two
hundred and eighty-three employed
In the four big packing plants of
the city. The Colored women are
employed on the pork killing and
cutting floors of the Cudahy and
Morris packing plants. -
Another State Attracts the At
tention ot the N. A. A. C. P.
New York City, N. T. May 29. 1919.
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
through its Secretary, John R. SUI1
lady, make public a telegram sent
to Governor Charles B rough of Ar-
kansas concerning the lynching by
burning to death of Frank Livingston,
a Nfigro, recently discharged fma
the United States Army, near Eldo
rado, Arkansas. Press dlpatches state
that on Mtj 21 Livingston was tied
to a tree and burned to death;' that
Sr. edit Craig of Union County arrived
a few minutes too late to prevent the
lynching but no arrests were made.
The Association calls the Gover
nor's attention to the tact that this
Is the second lynching which has
occurred in Arkansas within thirty
days, both of which were murder,
a crime for which the laws of Ar
kansas provide ample punishment
The telegram follows:
i May, 23, 1919 T
Honi Charles Brough. Oovernor,
Little Rock, Ark. ' , - .
National Association for Advance
ment of Colored People,' speaking in
behalf of its two hundred ten branch
es and forty-four thousand members
of both races in thirty-nine states,
respectfully requests information con
cerning steps being taken or proposed
by Arkansas authorities to deal with
lynchers of Frank Livingston, Negro,
recently -discharged from United
States Army who, according to press
dispatches, was tied to a tree and
burned to death by mob near Eldo
rado, Arkansas, on May twenty-first,
acused of murdering his employer
and the tatter's wife following a
quarrell. Press dispatches state that
Sheriff Craig of Union County arrived
a few minutes too late to pevent
the lynching but that no arrests
This is the second lynching to oc
cur In your state within thirty days.
In both of Which cases the crime
charged was murder for which the
laws of Arkansas provides ample
punishment May we suggest that
you as a professional leader of
Southern liberal opinion, as former
President of the Southern Sociological
Congress which ten days ago passed
strong resolutions against lynching,
and as former Chairman of the South
ern . University Race - Commission
Which also has condoned lynching,
have a special duty as 'a man no less
than as Governor to proceed ener
getically in defense of the laws or
your state and In condemnation ' of
the barbarity which is increasingly
a is gracing America.
. " . J
v .JOHN - R. ' SHILLADTT- ' 1
Secretary, National Association for
ths Advancement of Colored People.
Splendid Opportunities In Navy
(By the Associated Negro Pres6).
Augusta, Ga., May 29. In these
times of "world wide democracy"
It. is well to note that "splendid"
Inducements are held out to our
people to Join the navy. It is an
nounced "officially" that there is op
portunity for promotion. And so'.
ing to get pur young men to enlist
One story says: "The Navy Is very
desirous of obtaining young Colored
men as mesa attendants. The oppor
tunity for advancement now is great
er than ever before. The war has
proved the quality of service a Col
ored man is capable of render
ing, and he needs no apprehension
that he will not make good In the
service, nor that he will not be rap
Idly advanced. If they enlist now,
tiiey have a very good chance to
become Steward to the Commander
in Chief of the Navy.
It is well known that the "Com
mander in Chief of the Navy, as
well as the Army, is the President
of the United States. So, then, our
valiant intelligent heroic young men
have the wondei'ul encouragement
of knowing that Oey have a rare
chance to work up in the Navy anrl
to become Steward U the President
Of course, a few lieutenants and cap
tains, admirals, rear and forward,
and the like, would not be any in
ducement In comparison with the
Baliiinore Election Indicative ot
(By the Associated Negro Pess).
HaiHmnrft Mif . Mar so. wiJt t-o
Colored city council men taking-
their seats this week, and a Repu-
Ucan Mayor, boosted into office by uiana ana nunum. au me ameers
Colored voters, this city has awaken- white except one the Dental
ed to Its own power as never before. Surgeon. In spite of beta a labor
Colored people in the city yield batalllon,' they are very popular in
over sixteen thousand votes, while deed. They are talked of throughout
the mayor elect won by less than j the A. E. F. and they have made a
9,000 majority, wm. u ntzeeraia.
and Warner T. McGulnn are the new
council men. The latter will repre
sent the 14th Ward, which has a few
more white than Colored residents.
' Mayor-elect William Broenlng, In
a statement to Colored voters through
the Afro-American thanked them for
their support and promised to make
his actions speak louder than words.
Besides a Colored member on the
board of Education, the Colored people
are prepared to request and put thru
demands for a new high school,
swimming pool, better streets, and
playgrounds In Colored sections.
HOGS MM RECORD PRICE.
(By the Associated Negro Press).
Waycross, Georgia May 29. Isaac
Lane, a farmer of our Rice who
lives Just outside the limits cf Way
cross, has sold two hogs recently that
brought a combined price of $270.30.
One weighed 798 pounds and the
other 1,002 pounds, and were a croso
between Poland China and Berkshire.
Of PRESIDENT AT
FORCED TO PLAY "OFFICE
V BOY" TO COL. HOUSE
ANO FLUNKEY TO
Washington,' May 29. The latest
Cabinet gossip' going the rounds in
Washington 'concerns Secretary of
State LansingW ,
Secretary Lansing.' according to
gentlemen who are In position to
know the facts,' is pleased over the
situation In which he finds him
self at the Peace Conference. Stories
coming front Paris that the Secretary
may resign are not mere imaginings.
They are a reflection of talk which
can be heard in the inner circles
of the American personnel at the
It will be recalled that William J.
Bryan as chief of the State Department-
resigned from his office after
he had found out that in fact he was
a figurehead. When Secretary Lan
sing went to Paris, according to his
friends, he 'Went with the expecta
tion that he would play a large part
in the proceedings and that It would
redound to bis credit . As ' was en-
tirelr naturxl.. Mr.-LanBlng thought
not impmnpnsa. taav-ss me oore-.
t&ry of State of the United States
he would fill a conspicuous place In
the public eye and. would come back
to America . with the - well earned
plaudits of hH countrymen. In the
dallj chronic!- of the doings at
PavJ tbcvjfcstary quite natusally
aai.ipatV V-c U -name of Robert
Laasinf would Tacur frequently and
that It would rank alongside the
names of the premiers of Great
Britian and France and Italy.
To say that this baa not come to
pass Is merely setting forth in the
mildest way possible the truth.
President Wilson has practically mon
opollzed the spotlight as the Amerl-
'i rpnreentative. Next to him
the only one the President has per-
,m,tt6d C0Ime in gubJ,c notice has
been Col. House. Seldom has Sec
retary Lansing been mentioned. Even
In the matter of giving out the news,
Col. House has taken a higher place
than has Secretary Lansing.
Then, too, the views Secretary Lan
sing has had as to certain phases of
making peace terms have been thrust
aside. The Secretary of State is thus
put in a most difficult position
Whether he shall choose to remain
in It by resignation remains to be
seen. That he is far from nappy
may bg Inferred, but it does not
rest on inference aione.
1 311 1
. HIE PI
(By the Associated Negro Press).
Camp Williams, France, May 29.
I All non-commissioned officers and
enlisted men of the S17U Labor Ba-
talllon are Colored soldiers, mostly
from the three states, Kentucky, In-
""u- ""u"" v"m:
pllmented very' highly by General
Perishing when he inspected them on
April 3rd, 1919. They- have a fine
reputation and a knack" for aoing
things, and the winning of the prize
in this show contest by Company B,
was no exception. They have a twenty-eight
piece band, using tha best
Reed Instruments, which has attract
ed particularly wide attention, and
the battalion as a whole has paraded
In review under the direction of the
Post Commander, Colonel Ham. They
also have a winning baseball team.
The talent of the 317th Labor Ba
talllon for entertaining haa long
been recognized by the T. M. C A.
Secretaries and Welfare Workers and
soldier boys f.om tha batalllon has
broke the monotonous and weary life
of thousands of home-sick doughboys,
soldiers and officers for many months,
showlnr in many camps for miles
around. A show to represent the
batalllon as a whole has beea organ
ized, the best playere In each com
pany and detachment having been
Mmbined and is booted to show in
Chamount (GHQ AEF) next Sunflay,
which is the beginning of an ex
pected tour of the American Expe
Addressed By Batalllon Commander.
A few remarks were made by Capt
Church, the Batalllon Commander,
who highly commended his men for
long and most ardent co-operation
and service in France, Lieut Botch
ford, and Lieut Inman, also made
a few remarks. Lieut Inman, who
Is the Post Entertainment officer,
said: "I never made a speech in my
life until I was appointed Camp En
tertainment Officer. I was told by
the Post ' Commander that things
around camp were too gloomy and
to get the boys to thinking about
something else - except ' "I want to
go home." This you have helped me
to do and I thank you. About 160,000
men have seen the shows provided
by this contest When you are on
your - way home, be sure to exhibit
this show on board ship and when
you get home."
Attempt to Indues 'Kepis to
" Return Scutli.
(By the Associated Negro Press).
Lyons, Ga, May 29. If there is
any doubt as to where those of the
Race may. be understood ' by the
whites and they understand the
whites, all doubt is removed by the
announcement In . the Lyons, Ga,
Progress, which says: "Twenty-five
thousand white men employed In a
ship building plant In Ohio struck
the other day because the company
had Increased the Negroes employed.
In Chicago the other day whites and
blacks had a serious riot In Mary
land, near Baltimore, last week, the
yankees lynched a Negro. Maybe
after a while the Negroes will learn
that after all the best place for them
Is in the South, where the white
people understand -them and where
they understand tha Whites; !v
Texas Ideas May Help Adjust
Race Relations In Chicago.
(By Associated Negro Press).
Cbicaso,SUy M.-r-Taa effort to ar
rive at closer working' relation be
tween the races In Chicago, in order
that there may be a definite pro
gram carried. Is meeting with tre
mendous success. The work is ad
vancing so far, that tha South is be
ginning to take notice- and has
reached point of offering suggest
ions, which, one of the Southern pa
pers states, "the North has never
been slow in offering to the South."
Among the suggestions offered by
the Beaumont (Texas) Enterprise, is
the following, which, . of . course is
not popular in Chicago, but has an
element of truth, in It towards the
close that' is sufficient to make the
skeptical sit up and take notice.
"It may be suggested," says the
Enterprise, "to begin with that better
results will be achieved in the edu
cation of the r-.gro by the establish
ment for him of separate schools,
presided over by Negroes. This
would be an innovation in Illinois,
but one that we think that the bet
ter advised men of the Negro Race
would approve, since it would per-
mU the Negro boy or girl to develop
his or her mental resources slowly
and In keeping with tiie instincts
of U'O race, and free from the 1
evltable distinction of the class rooa,
whrre the student to grow up In a
proper and not a false environment
free from hopes of social equality
of which he is now disillusioned only
after he leaves the northern grade!
"This, with the provisltlon of em
ployment for the Negro, and the
abandonment of the present policy
of using him as a political football,
will go far toward afding the north
In finding a solution of whatever
problem may arise out of the ra
cial question. Giving the Negro edu
cation and economto opportunity will
enable him largely to solve bis own
problems, with less of interposition of
maudlin sentimental theories from
his white neighbors."
A Community Laundry tor Nash
(B.r Associated Negro Press).
Nashville, Tenn., May 29. A "Com
munity Laundry" is to be establish
ed in this city for the Colored house
wives. The women may carry their
clothes there and laundry them after
the most approved fashion. The plan
Is part of a missionary effort of the
Methodist. Episcopal church. South,
and the building is to cost 110,000.
Taking Detroit Nep Census.
(By Associated Negro Press).
Detroit Mich., May 29. A census
of Detroit's Negro population Is be
ing taken In connection with the
annual school census, at the request
of the community union, and la in
tendMl to aid civic organizations In
Officials of the Union believe that
Detroit has nearly six times the
number of Negroes as in 1910 as a
result of the hlfh wages In the North
and poor economic conditions in the
DECLARES COLORED RACES
SCORES VOTE EQUALITY.
SOUTHERNERS TO OPPOSE
THE DARKER RACES,
Washington, May 26. An - attack
on tha League of Nations aa offer
ing grave dangers to tha future of
the white people of the world was
made In the Senate today by Senator
Reed (Dem.) of Missouri, who de
clared that under the covenant in
its present form nations governed
by others races would have the pre
Tha Senator presented statistics
to show that of the total population
of the countries composing the league
111,425,500 would be of black, yellow,
brown and red races, with only 289,
488,800 of the white race. In the
assembly, which 1b to be the govern
ing body, he said, white nations
would have fifteen representatives
and other nations seventeen repre
The subject of tha peace league
came before the Senate on the reso
lution of Senator Johnson (Rep.) of
California, asking the State Depart
ment for the full text of the peace
treaty, aa on Friday; however, when
the resolution first was considered
the discussion today branched out
to include many issues of the treaty
- Senator Reed tola the buate that
the revised covenant of the league
had overcome none of tha grav dan
gers of the original draft but had
astonished many students of inter
national affairs by its allotment of
membership.. He quoted . fi mires to
show that In many of the countries
admitted to full membership the 11
lrU j vote Is very hlh. .
"An. examination, however, of the
membership of this present league
will first astonish and then1 arouse
the indignation of every thoughtful
man," he continued. "It will come
as a distinct shock first that this is
a Colored League of Nations. That
Is to say. the majority of the nations
composing the league do not be
long to the white race of man. On
the contrary, they are a conglomera
tion of the Mack, yellow, brown and
red races, frequently so Intermixed
OttAHA TRADE EXCU8I0 STARTS
05 SEC-DAT TOUR.
(By the Associated Negro Press).
Omaha, Nebraska, May 29. The
Chamber of Commerce "booster trade
excursion composed of representa
tives of 150 local business firms de
parted Sunday "night May 18 over the
Burlington on a 6 day tour to in
clude 69 cities and towns in Western
Nebraska, Wyoming, Montana, 8a
Dakota and Colorado.
Nebraska's famous musical organi
zation the 1st. lfg. Band, U. R. of
K. of P. more popularly known as
"Desdunes Band" frc..u its popvtar
1aW Thin Dcad.mea has been
cno(wn to accompany the excursion
ag a feature attraction. The ta'n
consisted of six sleepers, two diners,
a car for the band and one for the
TEACHERS' COSTEXTIOiT CLOSES.
I By the Associated Neiro Presn).
Meredlan, Miss, May 29. The State
Convention of the Mississippi Colored
Teachers Association Just closed here,
was one of the best ever held. It
was shown that educational woik
In the" state has been rapidly ad
vancing during the vast year, and
many suggestions were put forward
for still greater progress during the
next year. The South has at last
realized that it la far better to give
educational oppoitunities than to
hold people In ignorance.
HARRY WILLS TO BE DEMTSrS
(By the Associated Negro Press).'
Toledo. Ohio, May 29. Harry Wills
one of the greatest heavy weights
In the country, has been signed by
aa one of the eight crack sparring
partners engaged to tune up Dempsy
for his- coming fight with Jess TO
lard, July 4, for heavyweight title.
TflEOWS CHTT O Iff WELL TO COff
(By the Associated Negro Pross).
Ralei-srh, N. C. May 29. Polly Bast
was sentenced to two yeai-s in prison
on the charge of throwing her child
Into a well to conceal its birth. The
state exhibited the bones of the infant
rrr n3 n n
WILL CONTROL THE ' WORLD.
APPEALS TO RACE-HATG
DEMOCRACY: WHICH INCLUDES
and comingled as to constitute aa
unclaaslflcable mongred breed.
Says Whites Are Outnumbered,
"How will Sonators from the South, -who
represent States . which have
contended that the white race alone
it fit to control tha destiny of the
States of America, contend that Li
beria, Haiti and other Negro, or semi
Negro nations, should be permitted
to sit at the council table of the
world and each cast votes tha equal
of that of the United States?
"Hew can the Representatives of
the Paclfio States, who have con
tended, and who still coutend, that
neither Japanese nor Chinese shall
land upon their shores, and that both
are totally unfit for citizenship. Justi
fy their conduct it they shall now
vote that in the council of the world
Japan and China shall each cast a
vote equal to the vote to the United
States T -,
"In any contest which may here
after arise Involving the equality of
race la it not perfectly plain that
tha dark races will all unite and
declare for race equality - in everr
part of the worldT It must be re-"
momberi that thla la a living and
feurotfig-nBuefltlonr that Japan has T:
expressly reserved it for future er . t
siderattoa and that if It comes bik
fore tha league of peace, as now
organized, the dark races will have
rwho can Justify tha doctrine that
the 110.000,000 intelligent free people
of the' United States shall be repre
sented by one man and thai; the rep
resentative c.f Hadjz, with a prrott-
latlonof. 80WWO, shall catt" a vote""""
equal to. the United States X
"Who can Justify giving to 4h.t .
450,000 Ignorant half-castes of Pana
maa vote equal to the United States T
"What sort of isolenca is It that
proposes that tha 50,000 civilized or
semt-ctvillzed Negroes of Liberia shall'
in the council of the world have a
equal to the 110,000,0 H people of tha
(Continued on page 4).
OF HI' II Mi I IP
(By the Associated No?ro Preat).
Chicago, May 23. It la recorded.
hithar and thither, tn.t Colored
people have been callod different
names, but it remains for the "Chi
cago Evening Post" lc?Jlng daily,
to denominate the Race In Chicago
aa "a potential stick of dynamite."
This was done in a lentthy favorable
editorial recently, calling attention
to the necessity of larger ecrcnomlo
co-cer&tlon between the two Races.
Said tne Chicago Evening Pest:
"Every, unit ot this Colore popu
lation it a potential stick of dyna
mite. What happened In Springf aid
and East St Louis not to go out
side the bounds of our own state
can and may happen in Chicago.
These Colored citizens ar dyna
mite, -potentially, because they are' in
Chicago, but not ot Chlcogo.
Racial antipathy is fuso which will
fire this dreadful chance, if it is ever
fired. And racial antipathy, trans
lated into every day terms, means
prejudice injustice, misunderstanding,
neglect and indifference.
The Negro has his part to perform
In this adjustment; but we have
emphasized the white man's role.
Tha leadership falls to him. It la
unto him to decide whether the po
tential human dynamite will ever
Chicago Physicians Prcposs A
Largo Hospital fcr fh.
(By the Associated Negro Presp).
Tampa, Fla, May 23, Looking
over the local situation as to the -business
prospects of a rood era hos
pital. Drs. F. L. Younj; and C. H.
Winn of Chicago are in the e'.ty. Tha
Chicago pbysIciMib propone ti erect
a modern building with abc-ut fifty
rooms with a complete equipment
for a hospital There is only oco
modern hosu'.tal for the Rar i
Florida, and that Is at JckuwioviUb
VK-r -p..-vm ."-
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