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The Dallas express. [volume] (Dallas, Tex.) 1893-1970, April 24, 1920, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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Founded by w. e. King. TAj Republican Pariy la The Ship, All JSlse la The Sea" Fred Douglaa. $2.00 Per Annum
A schedule of (alary Increases for
white and Negro teachers In the public
schools has been adopted by the board
of education and the new salary
schedules will go into effect at the
beginning of the new school term In
September, 1920.
flat Inereasa of 1)400 In addition
to the automatic annual Increase of
$70 for white grade teachers was
authorised, provided the maximum
salary shall not exceed $1,700 per
annum and provided teachers em
ployed during the year for the first
time in the Dallas schools shall not
receive an Initial salary of more than
$1,600 for the first year In service.
White teachers in the high schools
shall receive In addition to the regu
April 22. The National
Association for the Advancement of
Colored People, 70 Fifth Avenue, New
Tork. made Dublie last night a tele
gram sent to Governor Robert A.
Cooper of South Carolina, In which
the Association suggests that all the
power of the Governors office be used
to bring to trial the members of the
mob which lynched George Robert
son, Negro on April 2. taking him
from the Laurens County Jail, and
that the State Legal Department pro
ceed against Laurens County under
the provision of the State Constitution
which provides for the collection of
exemplary damages of not less than
$2,000 to be paid in such cases to
the legal representative of the person
The Association in Its telegram
states that the suggested lines of
action "would deter lynching mobs
and stimulate county authorities to
proper protection of prisoners and
would greatly encourage believers in
law and order all over the country."
and that due to South Carolina's com
paratively favorable lynching record,
it believes that the action suggested
would be more possible in South Car
olina Uian in many other states.
The Association's telegram follows:
Robert A. ,Cooper Governor.
Columbia, S. C.
April t 1920.-
Natlnnal Association for Advance
ment of Colored People, speaking on
behalf of - three nundred twenty
branches and ninety-thousand mem
bers of both races In forty-two states,
engaged in a nation-wide campaign
to prevent lynching, earnestly requests
that all power of Governors office be
used to bring before Mouth Carohno
courts for trial , of mob
which on April second took George
Robertson, Negro, from Laurens Coun
ty Jail and lynched him for offense
with which South Carolina courts are
competent to deal. Would It not be
splendid public service if in addition
to apprehending lynchers you as "Gov"
er direct state Legal Department to
proceed against Laurens County under
Section Seven of State Constitution,
to collect exemplary damages of not
less than two thousand dollars tob e
paid to legal representatives of per
son lynched, as provided by law.
Both above suggested lines of ac
tion would deter lynching mobs and
stimulate coun'y authorities to proper
protection of prisoners and would
greatly encourage believers in law
and order all over the country. This
action we venture to suggest would
seem more practical in South Carolina
than in many other states due to
the fact while for last six years one
fierson has been lynched each year
n your state, this record is much
better than In many other states with
large Negro populations, showing
South Carolina's greater regard for
legal processes.
National Association for Advance
ment of Colored People,
Leading Dramatist Visits
Howard University.
Washington, . C, April 22. E. H.
Sothern, the great - dramatist, who
with his wife, Julia Marlowe, has
been playing to capacity audiences in
Washington for two weeks, paid an
unusual compliment to the officers
teachers, and students of Howard
University by reading to them from
Shakespearean dramas and from other
selections on Friday, April 9th, In
Andrew Rankin Memorial Chapel. Be
cause of conditions in Washington,
the Colored people have not been per
mitted to see or hear Sothern and
Marlowe at the local theatres, and
Mr. Sothern and Miss Marlowe paid
the Colored people the compliment of
reading to them at Howard University
and at the Dunbar high school dur
ing tholr visit to Washington. Miss
Marlowe read the "Battle Hymn of the
Republic' at the Dunbar high school,
but was prevented by the many de
mands upon her from appearing at
Howard University. Mr. Sothern was
most generous In his rendition of se
lections. For more than an hour he
read one selection after another, giv
ing the student and teachers of the
University full opportunity to ap
preciate his finished art His Intro
ductory addresses at both places on
the valor of the Colored troops he met
In Franco, and on the pleasure and
satisfaction It gave him to meet the
Colored people of Washington during
his stay here, were warmly applaud
ed. Seldom has he received so gener
ous a welcome anywhere as given him
by the representative Colored people
of Washington who gathered at both
Howard University and the Dunbar
High school with officers teachers,
and students of those Institutions to
g?eet him and his distinguished wife.
First Negro Graduates From
Ihaddens Stevens School.
Lancaster Pa., April 22. The dream
of Thaddeus Stevens who founded a
big Industrial school In
materialised today when Negro
was presented with a diploma.
gave Lancaster the school,
"providing students werenot barred
for race color or creed.
Edward L. Sebastian was the first
Colored student to e-raduate. N
the eleven boys who graduated today
lost s, year's school work by serving
in the army.
lar automatic annual Increase of $75
a flat raise of $400 the maximum
salary In the high schools not to ex
ceed $2 420.
The Negro grade and high school
teachers, under the new schedule
will receive In addition to the auto
matic scheduled salary raise of $36,
a flat raise of $300, the maximum
salary In the grade schools not to
exceed $1,120 and in the high schools
not to exceed $1,800.
The schedule of Increases for clerks.
Janitors and other employes In the
schools has not been completed and
will be announced at a later date.
The money for the announced in
creases will be available from the
30c tax voted by the people of Dal
las at the election on April 6.
LATIONS. (By Associated Negro Press)
(Special to Dallas Express).
The Chicago Survey and the Survey
Division of the Industrial Relations
Department of the Interchurch World
Movement have appealed to the Co
operative Council of the city mission
5Met.ar,f", worllng In they ChicagS
take the lead ln building and
executing a constructive program to
mprove racial relations and feel
ings and to promote the welfare of
Negroes. It Is hoped, through such
rHHUre' mftte Impossible a re
petition of disturbances such as Chic
ago witnessed last year.
Chlcaf. Survey and the Survey
Division of the Industrial Relations
Department have decided to publish
a series of six small four-page bulle
t Ins setting forth salient facts about
six of the situations they have dis
covered In their study of the city
condition. It Is felt that simply to
publish the facta was not enough.
An appeal should be made to the
churches, they believe, tqutidextake
a program of practical constructive
activity which would Improve con
ditions for the Negro and bring bet
ter race relations. This is in direct
line with the purposes for which
thirty denominations agreed to co
operate in the Inter-church World
Movement and to carry out which a
canvass for a great fund of $226 -777.672
will be staged throughout the
country from April 25 to May 2.
Wide comment was made by Chic
ago newspapers when the drat four
page bulletin was published In March.
This set forth facts showing the grav
ity of the Inter-racial situation In
Chicago and showed the gravity of
the inter-racial situation In Chicago
and showed that out of a total of
122 bombings in Chicago between
January 1 1918 and March 11, 1920,
twentv-elgnt were directly the out
growth of racial feeling and that
bomb outrages were becoming more
and more frequent. These bulletins
have received widespread attention
from the leading daily newspapers of
the city and from the public.
Other bulletins will make their ap
pearance soon. Pome of these will
deal with administration of Justice
in the courts; the Negro in the Indus
trial field; and housing. Bulletins
will be distributed broadcast and fur
ther newspaper publicity will , be
Consequently the Survey appealed to
the Co-operative Council of Church
Mission Boards and a joint meeting
of the city mission secretaries and a
number of ministers of Negro denomi
nations was called. This meeting was
attended by George E. Haynes, Direct
or of the Negro American Co-ordination
Division; H. R. Gold of the
Department of Industrial Relations;
and Frank O. Beck of the Chicago
Survey Division.
City mission secretaries were asked
to form an organization plan which
would draw Into co-operation repre
sentatives of Negro denominations to
carry out a program along such
lines as vocational guidance; em
ployment; improvement of housing and
neighborhood conditions; and Im
provement of race relations In Chic
ago. The Inter-church Movement
presented the matter to the Co-operative
Council of Church Missions be
cause its secretaries are administra
tive and the Inter-Church World
Movement Is not It is expected that
out of this meeting will follow practi
cal results for the whole city of
Nicholas M. Butler Speaks to
Howard Students.
Washington, D. G, April 22. Pres
ident Nicholas Murray Butler of Co
lumbia University addressed the stu
dents of Howard University. Monday
morning, March 29th, In Andrew Ran
kin Memorial Chapel. Dr. Butler spoke
with very great clearness and def In
Iteness of the responsibility resting
upon students prlvllegde to attend
an institution such as Howard Univer
sity. He traced ln chaste language
the steps one must take to reach the
station of "educated men and women"
and then devoted himself to a discus
sion of the value and importance of
the Judgments which such men and
women must make In their contact
with the problems of life. Dr. Butler
was warmly received by the whole
student body when he rose to speak
and was tremendously applauded at
the conclusion of his eloquent re
marks. Another distinguished visitor who
has spoken at the University during
the month is Dr. William Pickens,
Associate Secretary of the N. A. A. C.
P. Dr. Pickens spoke under the
auspices of the University Y. M. C. A.
which is privileged each year to hold
a special meeting to be addressed by
some speaker of outstanding reputa
tion. Andrew Rankin Memorial Chap
el was crowded to the doors, seats
being at a premium many standing
and many being unable to secure ad
mission upon the occasion of Dr. Pick
ens's visit He spoke upon the gen
eral subject of "Rsclal Self-Respect'
His address was one of the red letter
events of the year.
Tacoma, Wash., April 22. Hannibal
Spencer, Colored was sentenced to
serve from 1 to fifteen years In the
state penitentiary by Judge J. p.
Fletcher, when he pleaded guilty to
robbing four passengers on a Northern
Paclflo train between Vancover and
Tacoma, February 1
TRASTS. Prof. W. T. B. Wlams Dis
cusses Educational Needs.
Millions Awake te Call far Bdacatlea.
Hampton, Va.. April 22. Prof. W.
T. B. Williams of Tuskegee Institute
Ala., field agent of the Jeanes and
Slater Boards, spoke recently In Og
den Hall. Hampton Institute, on "Con
trasts In Negro Life.' He said'
"If la not difficult to find many
good Colored homes. In many cases
well appointed. Deautlful homes. In
almost every section of the lower
South, both In the towns and In
country places,
,3l!hr5 ar?l now.vr. thousands of
Eom hw cahJ.n, Not I ago I rode
from Memphis one cold day right
vV'iS Delt0 ,to Vick.burg. Miss
You could scarcely see from the rail
road a single home occupied by Col
ored people that was at all attractive.
Very few. Indeed, gave evidences of
ordinary comfort Yet I knew that
In some towns through which we
passed and in many of those country
places there were people with good
"Many Colored people have had the
advantages of school and have bene
.tyi tno."?J mlvantages and have
sent their children to school in large
numbers. Many, however, have had
Ittle or no opportunity for school
ing. Many are large landowners, but
there are hundreds of thousands who
own no land.
"Among all Colored people today
the desire for education is greater
than ever before never before have I
seen the Colored schools so well fil
ed as this year. .Indeed, many of
them are too full for the work they
ought to be doing. Everywhere I find
Colored people struggling for an edu
cation.' Prof. Williams, speaking di
rectly to the Hampton student, said:
"I have often wished I could make
you understand and appreciate bow
much' better .off you are at Hampton
than the students in so many places
to which t would be very easy to
take you. The world Is going to ex
pect of you larger service, greater
return for what you receive, than It
could reasonably expect of those less
fortunate than yourselves.' Prof.
Williams added:
, No Teachers) No Schools.
"Hundreds of Colored public schools
have not opened at all this year be
case they cannot get teachers. In
some counties as hlarh as 40 tier cent
I of the public schools have not opened.
-rne war evidently emphasized the
need of education among Colored
people as nothing else has ever done.
Those thousands of young men who
went out from the Far South es
pecially, many of whom had had no
chance of education, came back with
keener appreciation of Its value than
they ever had before. The idea of
getting some education has handed
on to their people and everywhere
they are striving to see to It that
the boys and girls get a little chance
at school.
"The exodus of the Colored people
from the South has had something to
do with this Increased effort on the
part of the public authorities. Many
of the people are understanding, as
they never understood before, that
the South cannot take its place along
side of other sections of this coun
try and hold that place, unless It has
a higher average Intelligence, unless
the average In tell! gene of that sec
tion can be brought up to the other
sections of this country. So, as nev.er
before, they are trying to see to It
that every boy and girl gets at least
a better chance at schooling. ,
"Only recently we had several of
our Jeanes Conferences, and In al
most every case teachers reported bet
ter conditions than formerly, greater
interest on the part of the public
school authorities, and Increased inter
est on the part of the Colored people
themselvss in the effort to extend
arms in building better schoolhouses
and In giving better upervlslon to
the work of the teachers.
"School authorities in the South are
Interested ln Colored public shools
as they have never been before, and
especially is that true where the
school authorities are young, well
trained men themselves.
"Within the last five years the Col
ored people have put into the build
ing of Rosenwald schools improved
rural school, something over a half
million dollars, while the public auth
orities and Mr. Rosenwald have put
In more than that amount
"The masses of our folks are to be
educated and trained by young men
and young women like yourselves. The
two and a quarter millions of Negroes
In the South who cannot read and
write must be educated by Negroes.
The burden of that work Is upon
folks who have had such opportunities
as you are receiving at Hampton.'
Springfield Ready For S. S.
Springfield. 111., April 22. A meet
was held at the Pleasant Grove Bap
tist church for the purpose of ef
fecting an organization of various
committees to make the necessary
preparations for the entertainment of
the Sunday School Congress which
convene ln Springfield, June 18-21.
This will be the first time In the
history of the Congress that 11 has
convened In the North and the Exe
cutive Committee believes that Spring
field Citizens recognize the honor that
la being paid them and will do all
within their power to make the meet
ing an unqualified success.
For this reason the pastor. Super
intendent and clerk of each of the
Baptist churches have organized them
selves Into an Executive Committee
which will meet every week to make
the necessary arrangements for the
reception of what will undoubtedly
be one of the most Important events
of the year.
The Executive Committee Is as fol
lows: President Rev. M. I Porter.
Vice-President Key. nas uawaras.
secretary Kev. w. n. nnowaen.
Corresponding Secretary Rev. J .C
Treasurer Rev. S. C. Manuel.
Chairman of Committee on Homes
J. E. Thompson.
Chairman of Publicity Committee
" T. W. Warrick.
New Hope Church Rev. , W. H.
Bnowden, J. B. Osby, Mrs. Amanda
Union Church Rev.' a C. Manuel,
J. E. Thompson, Grant Martin.
Zlon Church Rev. J, C. Roberta,
Two State That National Con
vention Would State Party
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People to
day announced that fifteen of the
seventeen presidential candidates fail
ed to reply to a questionnaire sent
them by the Association on February
18 and repeated on March 12, asking
their views on seven main Issues
which Colored people regard as fun
damental. The questtonalre asked
whether they were In favor of the
enactment of federal laws against
lynching; whether they would advo
cate Congressional enforcement of the
Fourteenth Amendment by reduction
of representation of Htates which dis
franchise their citizens, or whether
they would advocate as an alternative
the appointment of ITnltod States
Commissioners to enforce the Fif
teenth Amendments, or whether they
would endeavor to bring about the
abolition of Jim Crow cars In Inter
state traffic; whether they would
urge National aid to elementary edu
cation without discrimination against
Negro children; whether they would
favor the apportionment of Negro
soldiers and officers in the , army in
proportion to their numbers In the
population; whether they would abol
ish racial segregation In the civil
service of the United States; whether
they would withdraw armed or other
Interference with the indup3inlenc of
The two candidates who replied to
the Association's questionnaire were
Senators Harding and Poindexter, the
former stating that it was not con
sistent with his views to, take on the
categorical questions asked by the
Association, that conventions are call
ed upon to enunciate r'stforms and
policies and'Thafc'the tjt.iii;e select
ed must be expected 4.0 stand on the
platform thus made. Senator Poin
dexter stated that he waa "In favor
of maintaining the legal rights ahd
opportunities of nil eltijona, regardless
of color or condition.'
Despite the repetition on March 12
of the questionnaire, no further re
ples have been received except
acknowledgments of the receipt of
the questionnaire by secretaries of
five of the candidates.
'(The questions asked by the As
sociation on behalf of the Colored
people of America,' says the Asso
ciation of America," says the Asso
ed by Colored voters as vital national
issues to twelve million American Ne
groes. Failure to reply to these
regarded by the Colored people as a
distinct , evasion of the issues upon
which they feel deeply."
The questionnaire was sent to the
following men: Herbert Hoover, Wil
liam G. McAdoo Governor Goodrich
of Indiana; Nicholas Murry Butler,
president of Columbia University,
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer,
Senator Hitchcock; Governor Cox of
Ohio; Senator Warren G. Harding,
Governor Frank O. Lowdcn of Il
linois; Senator Hiram W. Johnson,
Sentator Miles Polndotter, Governor
Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts and
General John J. Pershing; Srnator
Pomerene, James W. Gerard, Senator
Underwood, General Leonard Wood.
Following la the questionnaire as
sent out by the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored Peo
ple to presidential candidates:
"If eleceted President:
1. Will you favor the enactment of
laws making lynching a Federal of
fense? 2. What Is your attitude toward
the disfranchisement of Americans of
Negro descent: (a) will you advocate
that Congress enforce the 14th
amendment and reduce the representa
tion of states which disfranchise
their citizens or (b) will you advo
cate the appointment of United States
Commissioners to enforce the 16th
3. Will you endeavor to bring
about the abolition of "Jim Crow'
cars ln interstate traffic? .
4. Will you withdraw armed or
other Interference with the indepen
dence of Haiti?
5. Will you urge national aid to
elementary education, without dis
crimination against Negro children?
6. Will you pledge the apportion
ment of Negro soldiers and Negro of
ficers in the armed forces of the
United States ln ' proportion to their
numbers ln population?
7. Will you abolish racial segre
gation in the Civil Service of the
United States?
N. A. A. C P. Gets Raise
For Negro R. R. Men.
April 10, 1920.
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People 70
Fifth Avenue, New rork, in a state
ment Just issued says that as a di
rect result of conferences between
representatives of the Colored Assocla-
: tlon of Railroad Employes and the
National Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People on the one
hand, and the United States Railroad
Administration, before the roads went
' back to private owners, and the
Southern Railway System on the
'other. Colored railway men have been
granted Increases amounting to $12,615
monthly and back pay Increases
amounting to over $125,000.
Negro Race Ordered Out of
Kentucky Town.
Ravenna, Ky., April 22. All Colored
people were ordered to leave this
town last week. The cause of this
order waa the wounding of two white
men by Colored men. The Colored
men had simply defended themselves.
Motor cars and trains were utilised
to complete the forced exodus of
Eeaceful Colored people from their
Mrs. Carrie McCullogh, 3. T. Coleman.
Calvary ChurchRev. Silas Ed
wards; Mrs. Leah Rennlck, Andrew
Pleasant Grove Church Rev. M. L.
Porter, C. 8. Lefreldge, T. W, Warrick.
Says That Outcome Cannot
Yet Be Clearly Seen.
Chicago, April 22. The presidential
handicap has passed the first quarter
and the Interest Is growing keen In
the man who la to be selected stand
ard bearer for the Republican party
at the National Convention, the only
one of the two great political gather
ings which Is of more than passing
moment to us.
The interests of 13,000,000 of us In
the various candidates may be ex
pressed ln this wise What la their
position ln regard to the "brother?
Here they are Wood. Lowden, Hard
ing, Johnson and Hoover. Hoover the
latest constellation to burst on our
gaze is reputed to be backed by
some of the biggest forces In the
courtry. Including J. P. Morgan and
Co. The politicians are trying to get
no iniiao wiine me man in the street
wonders how he stands "on us.".
Not a great deal is known of
majority of Americans, save that he
has exhibited ability in his role of
food administrator during the war
and perhaps Is recognized as being
an internationalist by other govern
ments. His views and attitude upon
the race question are ones of Inter
est but little definite Information can
be secured. One of our a-roiin who
served with him In the food adminis
tration ana who as a chief assistant
was in close contact with him every
day, says he Is "right' on everything
which affects us and proved it by
his treatment of him. This may be
a purely personal view, and a more
logical analysis may be made by
showing that his works In behalf or
suffering humanity in EuroDe show
that at least he has sympathy for the
nan lanner down.
Hiram Johnson. Senator from Cali
fornia is granting considerable per
sonal popularity though little tangi
ble, evldenoe In the way of delegates
Is to be seen as yet His position on
"the question' of questions is hazy
In so far as we have been able to
learn. His association with Roosevelt
t in the Progressive party may be con
strued as favorable or not according
10 your viewpoint Kooseveit almost
proved his feet made of clay when
he listened to John Parker, the lily
whiter of Louisiana and sacrificed the
Negro at the altar of the South. How
nearly Johnson was connected with
this movement Is, not known .but his
association with Borah the able but
blatant Senator from Idaho, who la
know aa an enemy Is not reasuring. '
When he was governor of California,
he did little of reeorl. Attorney Hugh
McBeth of Los Angeles, son of the
photographer of Baltimore, whose
chief claim to fame rests on the
fact that he looks like Teddy, after
finishing Harvard, hied himself to
the golden west, with a letter of In
troduction from Roosevelt to John
son. The latter made him a sort of
spokesman for our group, but our
people there do not seem to exhibit
any particular enthusiasm for John
sons leadership of the nation. Rather
the sentiment Is for Hoover.
In Chicago the professional poli
ticians are all laying low on the pres
idential situation because they do
not know which way Mayor Wm. Hale
Thompson is going to Jump. He la
known to dislike Lowden but It is
questionable whether he can afford
to come out against him because of
state politics. Therefore, the Colored
brethren who move at his command
are equally secretive. All of the
state employees, Col. Duncan, Col,
Marshall and Major Bird among them,
are actively campaigning in Lowden's
behalf but they are having difficulty
In squaring their chief's record with
the kind of measurement which the
Colored people are demanding that
their candidate fit up to. The follow
ing paragraph taken from the Con
gressional Report of the East St
Louis riots may show why they are
are Tiavlng such a hard time. The re
port of the committee investigating
the cause of these riots after des
cribing conditions, causes and effects
has this to say of the chief executive
officer of Illinois.
"Col. S. O. Tripp appointed by the
governor to the command of the troops
was totally unfit and incompentent
to command troops under any cir
cumstances. The facts were reported
at the time of their occurence to the
govrnor to the command of the troops
was totally unfit and Incompetent
command troops under any circum
stances. The facts were reported at
the time of their occurence to the
governor but no official effort has ever
been made to apprehend the militia
men who Indulged in the shooting and
killing of In offensive and un-armed
Negroes, nor has Col. Tripp been
called upon to give an accounting of
his responsibility In this matter.
"The Governor of Illinois has a
responsibility in this matter.
"The Governor of Illinois has a
responsibility in this matter he can
not evade. The mllltla of the State
are under his control. He can arraign
mllltla men for misconduct: he can
remove officers for In-efflelenoy; he
can Institute a thorough Inquiry that
will exDose the criminal and the In-
I competent'
Senator Harding looms up chiefly
as the "ace In the hole" of the old
1 guard element Our people In Ohio
say he Is a fair-minded Impartial
man of high caliber who in the last
analysis, would give Justice to any
righteous cause even though his at
titude would favorably be that of
.watching us work out our own sal
vation. Many of the old line poli
ticians, believe that after the poplar
r candidates nave worn memseives out.
the old guard win repeal me perfor
mance of 1912 and nominate Harding
en the third er fourth ballot Others
say the sentiment for some one of the
candidates In the public eye Is likely
to be too strong for any such pur-
this cowTRiBtjrnojr was real
(By Associated Negro Press)
North Bend. Oregon, April 22. By
dint of washing house cleaning and
other menial tasks. Mrs. Bert Holmes
of this city got together $30 In time
for the financial In gathering of the
North Bend Presbyterian Church. This
was sent to Presbyterian Headquartera
In New York City, as constituting the
largest single contribution made to
the Presbyterian missions after a spe
cial solicitation following a aeries of
studies on the needs of Africa.
Philadelphia, Pa.. April 22. At the
University of Pennsylvania Medical
School there are several societies or
"frets" named In honor of distin
guished physicians and surgeons, such
as the Dr. Deaver Surgical Society
the Dr. Pepper Medical Society, the
Dr. Anew Surgical Society, etc, the
membership of which Is devoid of a
single Colored representative, not
withstanding the fact that "Old Penn"
has always had a large number of
Colored medical students. However not
long since, M. Russell Nelson, a young
Colored man, brilliant In scholarship
popular with the student body pos
sessing athletio ability, and of ex
emplary character, was considered by
several.-of his white fellow students
as being the type of chap worthy to
Join their societies. Hence, his name
was proposed at meetings of three of
those societies, but in each case ha
"lost out" by one dissenting vote.
Finally his name was proposed in a
fourth society (the Dr. Ernest La
Place Medical Society), and no dis
senting vote being cast, he was
elected (?) almost for the following
day he was waited upon by several
members and Informed that while
they personally deplored such an In
justice, there as a clause in the con
sttutlon making it impossible for
any Colored man to become a member.
Filed with righteous indignation,
young Nelson called on Dr. La Place
and ln no uncertain terms protested
against the rank injustice of such a
clase. Dr. La Place, on his part, as
sured him that he Knew of no auch
clase existed, he would see to It that
it was Immediately stricken from the
constitution. Hence, though Russell
Nelson himself did not become a
member .he has made It possible for
Near Hiat Staged in U. S.
Public Hospital
Alexandria, La, April 22. A near
race riot occurred at the United States
Public ' Health . Service Hospital at
Camp Stafford about 2:00 Wednesday
afternoon. v several white men
and a number of Negroes clashed, as
the result of an Insult offered by a
Negro to an aged white man who Is
employed as watchman at the hospital.
Eight Negroes have been arrested
and committed to the parish Jail, on
charges of assault with a dangerous
weapon, with intent to kill. One of
the Negroes also has the additional
charge of carrying concealed weapons
booked a Brains t him.
The clash occurred early In the
afternoon, and messengers were' at
once dispatched to this city to notify
the local sheriff's office. Deputy Sher
iff ,N- K. Vance. J. J. Ballllo and
the Howard Lacaza went Immediately
to the hospital, but In the meantime
one or the ring-leaders and others
w"o wre Implicated In the affair
had taken a hasty departure, and
they were not captured. The eight
accused were taken Into custody
searched and brought to this city
where they were placed In Jail.
It appears that R. Franklin, a Ne
gro, and the aged watchman, became
Involved In an altercation, in which
the Negro who was the aggressor,
cursed the watchman. The latter al
though a very aged man, attempted
to resent the insult, when the Negro
drew a revolver on him. At this Jun
cture Mr. Marvin Stewart of West
End, who. Is also employed at the
hospital, started to the assistance of
the old man. when Keef Bolts, another
Negro drew a pistol and told him
to stand back, or he would kill him.
A. number of other Negroes present
Immediately became embroiled In the
affray, and it Is stated that for a
few moments It looked aa If a race
riot waa imlnent. However, the row
financially subsided, and messengers
were sont to the city, to notify the
sheriff 's office. In the Interval of the
Negroes made their escape.
Thr Negroes who were engnrcil In
the alfray were employed a'; th hos
pital as waiters In the dining room
and laborers around the institution.
When the officers arrived they found
some of the Negroes around the hos
pital and others were arrested In the
barracks. They were all lined up and
searched and afterwards placed upon
a large army truck and brought to
the city, where they were placed In
Those arrested are: Roosevelt Har
ris, L. Countee, Henry Robinson, Joe
Robinson. D. Williams, Ike Kitter
llng, Keef Bolts and F. Arbuckle.
They were all charged with assault
with a dangerous weapon, with In
tent to kill, and Keef Bolts was also
charged with carrying concealed
weapons. He Is charged with being
the black who drew the gun on Mr.
Stewart and told him to stand back,
when he attempted to go to the as
sistance of the watchman.
R. Iranklln, who precipitate the
trouble, made his escape.
Shot at Negro For Whistling.
Natchez Miss. April 22. An affidavit
charging assault with a deadly weap
on waa made Saturday by District
Attorney R, E. Bennett against Mrs.
C. W. Huff, railroad agent at Stanton,
for the shooting of Zelma Hall. Mrs.
Huff shot at Hall because she claimed
Colorado Spring, Colo.. April 22.
Under the caption "What Some State
Show." Arthur L. Hayes In a booklet
entitled, "Has The American Negro
Progressed?" mokes the following
statement: "The property of Negroes
In the Btate of Georgia was assessed
for the year 1918 at $47,423,499 with
an acreage of farm property for the
same year at $36. $47,423.4429 with
an acreage of farm property for the
same year at $38, 009,836. The acreage
given In the State of Virginia held
by Negroes being placed at 1.744,745
acres. It Is estimated that the Ne
Kroes ' of the nation are worth In
round figures $1,100,000,000 and own
twenty million acres of land or
thirty-two thousand square miles and
South Carolina."
area greater than the entire State ot
the Colored student to enjoy that
honor of some future time.
Returning to the University young
Nelson Immediately gathered around
hlrn the Colored medical and dental
student and addressed them somewhat
after this fashion: Fellows, lets act
like real men, and from a society
of our own. They have honored their
great medical men by naming their
societies for, them, so I propose that
we form the Daniel H. Williams Sur
gical and Oral Society, thus honoring
the greatest surgeon in the United
States (who Is also a member of our
race). A few days thereafter a form
al meeting was held at the Unl
veralty of Pennsylvania, and the
Daniel H. Williams Surgical and Oral
Society became a fact The officers
of this society (the only one of its
kind In any of the "Big Five" col
leges), are as follows: M. Russell
Nelson, president; Roy Berry, vice
president, and A. Thomas, secretary
and treasurer. ,
The programme as adopted Is as
follows: Each meeting there will be
lively and helpful .discussions on the
Aspects of Disease, also one of the
younger successful graduates will ad
dress the society giving helpful data
regarding his experiences. Then there
will be a monthly address by a fam
ous physician or surgeon. But the
prime object of the society will be
to encourage research.
The young president Mr. Russell
Nelson Is one of the most brilliant
students now at Penn., a member of
the Senior class, who will be gradu
ated this June. He has already been
offered and has accepted a position as
Interne at Bellevue Hospital, in New
York (one of the greatest hospitals
In the world). We predict a great
future for the young man.
Arrested for Whisky S
i gling m Illinois.
P Champaign, 111.. April 22. With the
arrest of W. E. Bledsoe, a Champaign
Negro. It la thought Wal police offi
cials have unearthed a glgantle
whisky conspiracy which extends from
the mountains of Kentucky northward
to Chicago and -Including other Inter
mediate points.
Sunday night W. E. Bledsoe, a
.Negro taxi driver,1 waa arrested
when he attempted to leave th local
Illinois Central Statton with S gallon
keg which was taken from an Illi
nois Central dining car. Today police
officials tapped the keg and found .
it contained pure mountain dew, of
"moonshine" whisky. The keg con
tained no federal revenue stamps.
I Officers believe that the conspiracy
to haul liquor from Southern points
to Chicago and other markets not
only Involves the rrews of dining
care on other railroads having South
ern terminal points ln addition to the
Illinois Central, but Includes a num
ber of men in various cities along
auch railroads, taxi drivers, draymen
and perhaps other railroad employes
In addition to those In the dining car
Additional arrests In the conspiracy
are expected, which will Include men
not only In Champaign and Chicago,
' but along the Illinois Central route
as far south aa Memphis. Tenn. It Is
alleged that the whisky supplies of
cities in this territory can be attrl-
' buted to the whisky conspiracy un-
eannea Dy me arrest or tteldsoe.
Howard Teacher in Charge
of District Negro Cadets.
Washington, D. C, April 22. Major
M. T. Dean, Professor of Military
Science and Tactics, Howard Univer
sity, who was In charge of the S17th
Ammunition Train, 92nd Division du
ring the great drive of that military
organization n the Argonne Forest 2
years ago, has also been designated
by the War Department aa Military
Instructor of the Cadet Organizations
of the Colored Schools of the Dis
trict of Columbia. The Howard Uni
versity. Professor, military science and
tactics Is thus In charge the training
of four hundred young men who com
pose the Howard University R. O. T.
C. Unit No. til, and battalion of ca
dets made up of the students of
Armstrong Manual Training School
R. R. Agents KUl Negro.
Memphis, Tenn.. April 12. Whathor
It Is the duty defined by the law for
special railroad agents to make ar
rests beyond the grounds that belong
to their company or not Is a question
that should be settled and published
to the general public ljist Sunday
two agents went In search of a Col
ored man, Saunders, and found him
in a hi use located beyond tho com
pany's right-of-way.
Saunders was arrested, seized about
the waist by the agents, who emp
tied the gun Into his side, the Colored
man dying Immediately. The agent
claims thnt he shot in self defense
Is not well taken.
Several hundred Negroes have left
meinpl.ls In the lajt thirty davs and
mor ar preparing to go. and the
cause for their leaving is evident
It takes no Socrates to see.
Ios Angeles, Cal., April 22. "Cali
fornia elected the present bead of
the nation and to California the peo
ple of the east are looking for his
republican successor. declared Dr.
Robert S. Abbott, owner and editor
of the Chicago Defender at a mass
vorlte son, he said. "haadwR AKKW
meeting under the auspices of the lo
cal branch of the National Associa
tion for the Advancement of Colored
People. "Mr. Hoover, California's fa
vorite son, he said "has a fair
chance of being nominated at the re
publican convention.'

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