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n . 1 twm HOME EDITION HOME EDITION . " ... 9 1 Fcundod by w. e. King. '. Thi Republican Party Is The Ship All Else Is The Sea." Fred Douglas. 12.00 Per Annum VOL. 27, NO. 80. , THE DALLAS EXPEESS, DALLAS. TEXAS SATURDAY, MAY 1. 1930. rKICR FITE CB1H MERCY HOSPITAL GIVEN CHANCE TO INCREASE TRAINING FACILITIES. SOCIAL SERVICE BODY OF FERS FUND FOR UP-KEEP OF ADDITION. Philadelphia. Pa., April 29. Tha Trustee of the Mercy Hospital which has been doing very creditable work for twelve yeara in a converted dwel ling, have choaen the beautiful alte of the Episcopal Divinity School. The Whlttier Centre. . aociat aervice or ganisation composed mostly of Influ ential white persons who are endeav oring; to improve the health and liv ing; conditions of Negroes in Phila delphia, felt that Improved facilities should be afforded Colored young; women to learn trained nursing; here. To that end they made an offer to Mercy Hospital, that If they succeeded In obtaining; the new site they were striving; for, the Whlttier Centre would contribute a fund sufficient to support the best Superintendent of Nurses obtainable, white or Colored. The Board of Directors of Mercy Hos pital were unanimously in favor of having a Colored woman for that po sition, feeling that her Influence be groater with Colored nurses, and by her example fill them with more inspiration. They accepted the offer, which was most generous one. con fident that they would be able to find a Colored woman who would measure up with any available white woman. Miss I.ulu O. Warllck. R. N., form merly Assistant Superintendent of Provident Hospital, Chicago, but more recently Superintendent of Nurses at the Old General Hospital, Kansas City, Mo., has Just entered upon the duties of a similar position at the new Mercy Hospital in Philadelphia. Opposes Union of Methodist . Churches. Birmingham, Ala., April 29. Un qualified opposition to the proposal for unification of Methodist Churches was sounded by Dlahop Collns Denny In a speech before Methodist minis ters and laymen In the Sunday School room of the first Methodist Church. Bishop Denny discussed from every angle the plan to unionize the Meth odist Churches of the country. "The proposed union has Its weaknesses " declared Bishop Denny. It would place the Negro on the same footing with the white people and allow them to enter the white churches as mem bers. Those who favor the plan de olare that Negroes would not enter white churches. Now we have sepa rate railroad cars for Negroea, yet they have to be taken from these oare occasionally. When they go be yond their righta where they are forbidden by the law, what will be the result when It is In conformity with the lawT There would be approx imately 303,000 Negroea affected by the plan of unification. That la one of every 40. Why ahould we accept a plan that affects six million white people and put them on the aame basin with 303,000 Negroes?" Housing Company to Im prove Conditions in Philadel phia. (Associated Negro Press) Philadelphia, Pa., April 29. During the past few years, the increase in number of the Colored population has been normal, due to the attraction of opportunities at work at better rates of pay. While decent homes for Negroes In Philadelphia, have always been acarce, with the unusual con ditions now prevailing they are al most impossible to find. In many in stances families are living In one room some times six families In a house with sanitary conveniences only arranged for one. The Whlttier Cen tre is now making an effort td meet thla need and must rely as hereto fore on the public for support. It Is hoped that real financial support will aoon come forward to help solve this great problem. The Housing Company is about to Increase its capital stock from (25,000 to $200,000. A gift of 110,000 for working capital gives new Impetus to our plana and we hope to be able to state more fully and definitely in regard to them in the future. Efforts Made for Better Re lations in Chicago. (By Associated Negro Presa) New York, N. T., April 29. The gravity of the racial situation In Chicago at the present moment is acknowledged by the partisans of all viewpoints. Three groups of organi sations seem to be most actively ln I terested in present and future con dictions prtalning to the racial sit uation. The flrat of theae to be men tioned, perhaps, should be the as sociations of real eatate property ownera In Hyde Park and Kenwood. And aecond, the leagues and circles of the Colored people in the so-called Black Belt Third and significantly, women's clubs of both white and Colored races who have formed an Inter-Racial Committee for the ad vancement of bettor relationships be tween the two races, for the purpose of getting all facta and all light pos alble on how the machinery of law and order Is operating to prevent oc currences auch as those or the sum mer of 1919. N. J. Negroes Split on Dele- gate Question. (By Associated Negro Press) Trenton N. J.. April 29. Because the Republican leaders of the state have not complied with the request from Colored organizations to place one of the race organizations to place slate for the Chicago national' con vention, a faction of the Colored voters field with the secretary of state a petition nominating two Col ored men for delngates-at-large and two for alternates-at-large. This DreaKB up ina riKini via Federation of Colored Organizations of New Jereey, which make up an entirely Colored Bis; Four slate and proposed to have a complete Colored , ticket In all the district o) PHYSICIANS ARE CHARGED WITH OVER-WRITING PRE SCRIPTIONS. Prominent Chicago Physicians Are Involved in Scandal Chicago, 111., April 29. Major A, V. Dalrymplo chief prohibition at for the Chicago district In his drive Airainst "hnntUirirlnn-'l - j . j made recommendations to J. F. Kram er, commissioner or prohibition at Washington, to the effect that 66 (hil'U IT It nhvalnlnMi. n . A to M , " r j aim id urugglstS be denied the privilege to write li quor prescriptions. It Is charged by Major Dalrymple that some physicians ... uui iinva ueen indiscriminate In thl nraitlf.A a A . . i . violations of the law. Proscription "Specialists." It is declared that in aome cases OtlVslcinnM hnva tBidJ i . i to fictitious persons whose residences were given in many instances on va- lactones ana ouslness nlUIOI Main. Tkn l-vmnlA -1 1 1 . 1 , au;ni(ia uttuiartru mai many physicians made a specialty of writing prescriptions, and in a recent public addree said: Will Fill Jails. "I will fill the lull an f,,ll nt -1 . anfi drilpfrlflt. tha hnl .111 - r Lll.ll inri. Will stick out the windows." The druggists :nitr in ior criticism on account of profiteering. It is claimed that some chara-ed as hlch n. t& .ni.t whisky. Among the names sent to Washing ton are the following south side phv- irlRTlfl1 Phlplaa 1X1 Tltkk Orn i n-'.t. . .... . xl ,,,,, 6a9 IUi tfoln Ttrt! N. Pelman 202 K. 35th St.; J. W. Russell, 855 E. 26th street; S. toi, stin state street; E. T. ' i'jhsi ajra street; Wm. A. Foulkers, 3539 State street; J. M. Al il"onU485 K- 85th treet; Ira M. Mason, 470 E. 85th street; E. Hall 644 E. S4th street; Schmall, 3449 State St.; H. M. Lackey, 8 E. 87th street; W. P. Lawton, 3717 State street; W. P. 201 E. 7th street; Burrows, 201 E. 37th street; W. J. Watera, 3467 State street; Benj. Rluitt 8102 Indiana ave nue; James F. Lawson, 259 E. 86th street; M. A. Majors, 4700 State street; Arthur Massey, 3457 State street; Jas. E. McCornell, 8 E. 87th street; Herbert A. Turner, 8568 State street; Anna B. Schultz 8430 Calumet avenje. Among the well known druggists reported are: H. li. Zanders, 47500 State street; Harry Kelly, 8100 State street; The Crown 8039 State street; xj. r. nuDDara, so sist street; W. F. Bowden, 19 W. 31st street; Wal green Drug Co., 3501 State street. The list sent by Major Dalrymple Is the first of a series under prepara tion for Inspection at Washington. It is reported that one south side phy sician wrote as high as 300 prescrip tions in a day. Danville Prisoner Escapes Lynching. Lexington. Ky.. April 29. Luclen Jenkins. 27. Negro, charged with as saulting 6-year-old Willie Trimble pf Danville, Ky. waa rushed to the Lexington jail from Danville early today to thwart a possible lvnchlng at the hands of a mob In Danville. Jenkins, who. with Keith Phillips, IS years old, white bov. Is charged with kidnapping the Trimble child Friday nlpht taking him Into a corn field and striking him over the head with a hammer, denies knowledge of the crime. Jenkins was spirited out of Dan ville Jail last night by officers while a mob outside was - demanding en trance. The lights In the Jail sud denly were turned out and while the place was In darkness Jenkins and the officers escaped. Later members of the mob were admitted to the Jail and made a search. Jenkins a grocer's delivery clerk, admits having had trouble with the Trimble family because of the man ner in which he delivered groceries. Reports from Danville tonight were that the town waa quiet. The Trimble b.oy.." recovering from a fractured skull. California Church Elects Delegates to Gen. Conference Los Angeles, Cal., April 29. Willis O. Tyler, a prominent lawyer of this city has been elected by his church, a lay delegate to the General Con ference of the A. M. E. church which will begin In the City of St. Louis, on the third of May. Mr. Tyler, who represents the Intellectual type of the race waa born in Blooming, Indiana, July 19. 1880; graduated a Bachelor of Arta, Indiana State University, T902; graduated a Bachelor of Law. Harvard Law achool, 1918; member of the Illinois Bar and of the California Bar; 82nd Degree Maaon; and at the California Bar, he has prosecuted over one hundred suits effecting discrimi nation agalnnt the race in theatres and places of public accommodation, and secured a verdict of the Supreme Court of this State the first of Its kind ever rendered, to the effect that a private individual could not Insert a clause in a deed which prohibited the future sale to persons of African descent. Clinical Society Will Meet in Toskegee. (Associated Negro Press) Tuakegee Institute, April 29. The ninth annual Clinic and the John A. Andrew Clinical Society Meeting will be held In Tuakegee Institute, April 25 to 28. A large number of physi cians throughout the south have writ ten to Dr. Henry that they will be present, hence every southern city and state is expected to be represent ed. Founder's Day exercises will be held here on April 27th on which day ex-president. Wm H. Taft will de liver the principal address. Chas. Stewart Joins Tuskegee Staff. Tuskegee Institute, Ala., April 29. Charles H. Stewart former Associate Editor of The Savannah, Ga., Journal has joined the ataff of workers in the Principal's office of Tuakegee In stitute. Mr. Stewart has been ap pointed the Associate Editor of the Tuskegee Student M A SPECIAL PULLMAN CARRYING LEADING BUSINESS OF THE RACE STOPS AT VARIOUS SOUTHERN TOWNS. VISI TORS ARE AMAZED AT REMARKABLE EXPANSION OF NE GRO BUSINESS. By Nahum Daniel Brascher. Atlanta, Ga., April 29. The most epoch making tour of business men ever made in this country started out from Kansas City, Missouri. April 7th and la now in progress. People of both races In every city visited, have had a new awakening and the men of "The 85.000 000 Business Man'i Bri dal," as it has been called, have a new vision of the achievements and possibilities of the South. The men of the nartv h. highest attainment of business suc cess in the race: and out of a very busy work-a-day life, under the di rection of Prof. J. R. Lee nrlnrlr.nl nf thS,LIJe?In F'"? 8chool7KPa.a.PCltv' they determined to make a tour to Institute and a number of rimr,r , . 'TV" cities studying con hand between the races flrat flJi? they Jlttv "cen wl" never be forgotten, and marks a new era for thft race. I J.ye7.w.here a,on the route, the proverbial southern hospitality has ! been demonstrated In the most suc cessful manner. The party left Kan sas City from the Union Station In a special Pullman amid fond farewells of a large number of people. The first stop was Memphis Tcnn. There they were met with automobiles by committees with the following chair man: reception, T. Hayes; finance, Dr. J. It. Dftlnnpv nr - a n. iir m non; general Rev. T. O. Fuller. Break fast was served at the community center, followed by a stroll through the business district where the banks, retail stores Insurance companies, noddy a chain of grocery stores and various other enterprises were stud led. Luncheon was served at the in dustrial settlement home, and then followed an observation auto drive, to the outlying places of interest in cluding the schools colleges, the great undertaking establishment of T. H. Hayes which practically covers a city block, and a drive through the boule vards. After dinner at the Community Cen ter. reception to the, visitors was held by the Federation of women's cluba, where felicitations were ex changed, and addresses were delivered by a number visitora, including Nel- HILL TAKEN BACK UNDER U. S. GUARD. Will Face Federal Charge Un der Protection of U. S. Offi cers. TnAa8r,C,',ty', Mo- A&r11 29 Judge John C. Pollock of the federal court mfKfn8a.8Cltjr' KtRn-' '""tructed the district attorney Saturday to draw J!f Aaprov'8lonaI wrlt fr the r to Arkansas of Robert U HIM wantod iHct f."-8.16" Kansas federal dls Iral officer' Impersonating a fed- Judge Pollock in Issuing the writ following completion of the hearing of Hill specif lei that If he M not convicted in the United States court of the eastern district of Arkansas on the charge of conspiring with E. V. Powell another Colored man, to Impersonate a federal officer, he shall not be turned over to any state authority, but shall be returned to Kansas for asylum." Hill is wanted by the Arkansas state authorities for alleged partici pation In activities which led to the Elaine uprising last fall. Hill, testfylng In his own behalf, de ,nRvred.,he -was Rt Winchester, Ark., 100 miles from Elaine, July 10, 1919, when the impersonation of a federal officer was alleged to have taken place near the latter town. He said he feared mob violence if he was returned to Arkansas and denied that he had ever posed as a federal offi cer. He said he had done some "de tective work" and that ha held a "degrees" as a "a Jiejtiv.-' for whicn he paid a school at St Louis, 1 8. Hugh T. Fischer, county attorney of Shawnee count, Kansas, who as sisted Hill's attorneys testified that he did so because Senator Arthur Capper had wired him asking him to do all In power to prevent Hill's return to Arkansas. Ht stattd on the witness stand that he would not dare defend Hill In an Arkansas court as he belelved he- would be In danger nf mob violence If he did so. Chicago Lawyer Displaces Congressman Madden. Chicago, III.. April 29. Edward H. Wright was elected Committeeman in the Second Ward yesterday over War ren Douglass, his chief opponent, by two thousand, nine hundred and six votes. He will be the only Colored man In the County Central Committee. No other ward in the city had Colored candidates in the field. Congressman Martin B. Madden has been committeeman for the 2d ward for years, and his replacement shows the growing political .strength of the Race. Wright who is a Thompson ap pointee as special attorney for the traction commission, has long been prominent in Second Ward politics, serving until recently as Assistant Corporation Counsel. The Colored vote was solid for General Leonard Wood and enabled him to carry Cook County by a plu rality of 27.53S. Wherever there were Colored voters Wood showed strength, carrying Cairo and the southern end of the state handily. It had not been expected that he would defeat Gov. Lowden's machine in his home state. PROMINENT RATOR LECTURES ON HAITI Selma, Ala., April 29. C. 8. Brown, D. D. prominent educator and orator, president of Watera Industrial and Collegiate Institute at Wlnaton, N. C. and preaident also of the Lott Mis sion convention, spoke at the Colored Baptist church Sunday and lectured Monday night on "The Redemption of Haiti." Large audiences heard him. i - aon C. Crews Editor of the Kansas City Bun; Attorney C. H. Callaway; Rev. J. C. Hursa, Dr. S. H. Thompson, and others. The visitora were of ficially welcomed to Memphis by two of the city commissioners. The next atop was Birmingham Ala., the "Plttaburgh of the South." The committee froii the local Bualneaa League, headed by the following aa committee chairman Froreasor W. L. Porter. Principal of the high school; W. B. Driver Insurance man, and Hill Harris president of the local Busi ness League met the visitors at the station with automobiles, and es corted them to the splendidly appoint- Aft Hlls'a Hail urhli.h ... . . " . . headquarters of the visitors during 1 mo DiriiiiiiBiiHin -my. jrter DreaK fast the Kansas Cityans were divided Into small groups and attended ser vices at the various churches where they were accorded the honors of the day and where the subject of the tour was explained by the varous visitors. , In afternoon, the visitors were made special guests of honor at the an nual memorial service of the Elks at the historical Shlloh Baptist church, whore over a score of years ago so many lives were lost In a stampede. On Monday at nine, a tour of In spection of the Birmingham business places was made, including the Py thian Temple building and the large groups of offices in-the great struc ture. Then, with automobllea well fill ed with oil, gasoline and air the party waa escorted over a fifty mile drive through the Blue Ridge mountains, and the beautiful but often thrilling Tennessee Coal . and Iron Company were observed. There was a distant revelation In this great tour. The men were able to see the new conditions of labor standard brought about by a change In sentiment and the migration to the North of so many hundreds of thou sands of Negroes. It has been very wisely observed that, in any event, it Is necessary to bring about bet ter living and educational conditions if it la hoped to ret,i, In the South a' sufficient number WNegroes to per form the necessary labor, skilled and unskilled to maintain the commercial prestige of the section. It Is a diffi cult Job, at least, in face of certain conditions know to exist, but the Ten GUNMEN TERRORIZE CHICAGO VOTERS. Toured City in Autos and Heckled Voters and Officials. Chicago,' III., April 29. England staged one of its most active field days at the presidential preference primary elections here today. Heavi ly armed sluggers and gunmen toured the election and precinct workers. There were shootings, kldpaplngg, slugging galore, repeaters by the score, bribery In the way of money and whisky prescriptions and ram pant fraud in several wards where the content for control of the patron age Is a. prize worthy any effort In the river wards bogus whisky prescriptions were the especial lure to win votes. Plenty of whisky and other booze was to be had regardless of prescriptions, and both sides had abundant supplies for the workers and voters who were susceptible to that influence. Alleged detectives "arrested" one election Judge who was too insistent upon observing the law and kept him in hiding. Adolph Muss, a Republican judge In one of the precincts of the Nineteenth Ward, was Intercepted' by four men in a closed automobile on his way to the polls. They forced him to get Into the machine. He was accompanied by a precinct captain, and they were carrying the election paraphernalia. Both men and the ballots and books were taken away and were not heard from during the entire day. William Nathan, also Republican precinct worker, was slugged, thrown Into a closed automobile, which trans ferred him to another machine a block distant. This machine drove rapidly away and no trace of the machine or Nathan could be found, despito vigilant search all of the day. Greek Letter Traf Endorses Gen. Wood. (Special to Express) Champaign, III., Apr. 2. Last week the Grand Chapter or the Kappa Al pha Psl Fraternity, In session at Illi nois University re-elected Mr. Irvln Armstrong, A. B., of Indiana Univer sity, and a prominent citizen of In dianapolis, and a prominent citizen of dlanapolls Grand Polemarch. Kappa Alpha Psl Is one of the na tional Colored Greek letter fraterni ties among college men in tha United States. A straw vote taken by E. M. Ba coyne and V. La Maler Hicks, of Illi nois University who were on the re ception committee of Champlaln, which entertained General Wood April 7th, showed the Kappa Alpha Psl Fra ternity la 100 per cent for the Gen eral for president of the United States. Mr. Hlrks was second lieutenant In Headquarters Company at Camp Fun ston, under General Wood, and long before the general announced his can didacy he showed bis Impartiality to race or creed thus: "There la. only one color In the United States Army and that color la "olive drab." 80 he advised the American soldiers at Camp Funston two years ago. Says Relatives Should Sue County. New York, N. T., April 29. The National Association for the Advance ment of Colored people, make public a telegram sent to Governor Robert A. Cooper of South Carolina, In which the Association suggests that all the power of the Governor'o office to be used to bring to trial the members of the mob which lynched George Rob ertson, April 2. taking him from the 111 " ""a. 0) In) nessee Coal and Iron Company has made a wonderful step In advance, which Is certain in time, to permeate the community life of the cities. This company has provided villages and places or recreation, where the laborers with their families live amid surroundings unsurpassed anywhere in the land. These villages of Edge water, Bayvlow and others are truly astounding steps In advance, where seemingly money has no object In carrying out complete plans, and where there la a apirlt of co-operation between employer and employee, be tween white and black, that meana much both at present and for the future. The magnificent 1,000 000 hos pital should be visited by every phy sician In America. It would require much apace to fully describe that ln- "Tired but never weary," the west ern students of southern economic conditions toured on to Montgomery, the capital of Alabama, where again they were met by olllcers of the local and state business leagues, and es corted to a restaurant where a ban quet had been prepared; a smoker fol lowed the banquet and the next day, after .inspecting the local business enterprises, a tour of fifteen miles Into the country was made to the Alabama Reformatory, which was started as a small charitable work by the women of the state under the leadership of Mrs. Booker T. Wash ington, and which has developed Into an extensive Institution supported by the state of Alabama. It Is an Inter esting place of several hundred acres, with no guards, high fences or Iron bars, but an institution of merit and honor, where conditions have been developed to a surprising efficiency. Following the visit to the farm, the visitors paid their respects to the Governor of Alabama at the capi tal, and were received with the utmost courtesy and respect The historical capital building where Jefferson Davis was Inaugurated President of the Confederacy proved to be an Inter esting place. A large bronze star oc cupies the place on the capital out side where the former leader of the "lost c"ause' stood at the time of the ceremonies. Each man stepped on the star, and an object lesson of the changes that may be brought about by time, was demonstrated In the heart of the South. REFUSE TO SERVE NEGRO CUSTOMER. Employer Fails to Side With Clerk who Refused Service. Greenwood, S. C, April 29. Special to The Plain Dealer. Mr. James Cast tlemon, a storekeeper on the pike road severely beat one of his clerks (John Hark), who Insulted a young Colored girl In his store here Satur day afternoon. The trouble started when the clerk refused tq wait on the girl, saying that he did not serve or wait on Negroes. The girl had been a customer of the place for a number of years and Is out of one of the best Colored families of this sec tion, after being refused to be waited on by Hark, she reported the affair to Mr. (.'antleman, who asked the clerk why he did not sell the girl the sugar that she came for? The clerk replied that he did not wait on Negroes and Castleman ordered him out it was at this point that the trouble started. Castleman knock- I ing the clerk down and threw him out 01 tne store, ana saa mat no would knock any man down who In sulted his patrons. Hark had Castle man placed under arrest and the Judge said that Castleman did the thing that was right, and that the white people should be ever ready to help the Negro, rather than con tinually abusing him. He said that tho refusal to sell the people the things that are essential to life, Is one of the greatest crimes that could be placed against mankind. And that he as Judge would see to It that the Negro who was brought before him was given a square Seal. Reckless Spending Causes Murder. (Associated Negro Press) Chicago, 111., April 29. Driven to desperation by his wife's Insistence upon keeping pace with the wild orgy of spending that Is rampant In Chica go, Maurice Anderson shot his wife to death and turned the gun on him self. Inflicting a probable fatal wound. Says Migration Will Aid De velopment (By Associated Negro Press) Chicago, III., April 29. In a letter, recently sent by Senator Medlll Mc cormick of Illinois to the Associated Negro Press on the migration of the race from the south to the north the Senator has this to say, "The migration of agricultural workers to Industrial centers, the economic developments In the Indus trial field, have profoundly modified, and will more profoundly modify, the environment of a large part of the Colored population of the coun try. The violent outbreaks In some of our cities, to which lawless ele ments of both races Immediately con tributed, have borne good fruit Lead era of the Colored and white people, to their common advantage and ad vancement" NEGRO YOUTH PRESIDENT OP SAVINGS SOCIETY. Los Angeles, Cal. April 29. Thomas Myles, a Colored lad of 14 who Is president of the Rosewood War Sav ings Society, an organization of chil dren mostly of white parentage, call ed on Mayor Snyder to ask him to set May 1 for official recognition of the city's patrlotio youth. Laurens County under the provision of the state constitution, which pro vider for the collection of exemplary damages of not less than 22,000 to be paid In such cases to bo tha legal representative of the person lynched. fai ST3 H3 menahorneys WILL TO SAVE ARKANSAS JtlEN. WILL EXPAND NEGRO EX TENSION WORK. Conference at Hampton Re sults in Program of Expan sion. Will be promoted and developed be cause of Its success. White and Col ored Extension Workers both Federal and State Hold Flank Helpful Confer ence at Hampton and Agree on Work ing Program. Hampton, Va April 29. That the force of Negro county agents at work in the South has been making sub stantial progress and that the Fed eral and State officers responsible for the agricultural and home ecomonlcs extension work wish to nrnmote and ,develop Negro extension work, were inane ciear oy lirj a. u. i rue, direc tor of States Relations Bervlce. Wash ington, D. C, In his final address de livered to the members of the Inter slate Conference of white and Negro extension workers who have been holding a two-day session at Hampton Institute to consider the problems of problems of Negro extension work. Dr. True said; "The co-operative education exten sion movement Js gaining strength throughout the country and is se curing efficient service with Govern ment funds in sight This conference has been a revelation to me. "The employment of Negro agents has been so well established that I feel the work will be developed fur ther. Frank talk has brought out actual conditions. Extension workers ought to go away from this confer ence hopeful of the development of extension work aa a whole. "There has been a tendency to re duce the number of agenta. While the extension work haa held and won many friends, we can not afford to relax our efforts. Campaigns of edu cation and organization must be car ried forward. We need to secure com petent workers and give them better pay. Farmers are becoming more critical. They want better agents than they have ever had. We must work patiently and progressively. The spirit of service that haa animated eztenalon work especially In the South, Is remarkable. "In the Negro work we have a body of agenta who are doing good service and should be encouraged. Lnrger development and mora use ful results will come. With this con ference at Hampton and with others like it we shall be' In a better po sition to Judge of the merits, needs, and prospects of the Negro work, which Federal and State officers en gaged in agricultural and home- econ omics extension work wish to promote and develop." Dr. True, in a brief public address delivered In Ogden Hall, Hampton Institute declared that the Inter-State Conference was an evidence that the National Government and the State authorities in charge of extension work regard problems arising out of agricultural and home-economics work among Negroes as important. "Those who are in charge of exten sion work," he said, "not only desire to Improve the agricultural output of the Nation by helping Colored peo ple, but they also desire to help all people to a higher plane of living. There are now many Negro county agenta who reach millions of people on the farm. Theae agents not only give agricultural Instruction but'also show people how thoy can unite for many useful purposes." Intelligent Rural Leadership Needed. J. A. Evans, Chief of the OHIce of Extension Work South, who presided over the meetings of the conference, declared that the best way to secure racial understanding Is for white agents and Negro agents to do good, definite work. Mr. Evans, In opening the confer ence, presented statistlccs showing the extent and necessity of helping Ne groes engaged In agriculture and al lied industries. "The Improvement of agriculture In the South." he said, "Involves the problem of reaching Negro aa well aa white farmers. At present there'are 220 Negro agents (123 men, 87 women), distributed as follows: (a) county agenta Washington Office, 4; Alabama, 24; Arkansas. 10; Flori da. 8; Georgia, 13; Kentucky, 3; Louisiana, 12; Maryland, 2; Mlsaisslp , ; South Carolina, 7; Tennessee, fl. 14; North Carolina, 15; Oklahoma. 6: Texas, 11; Virginia, 24; West Vir ginia, 1; (b) homemakers Alabama, 7; Arknnsas, 13: Florida. ; Georgia, I; Louisiana, 1; Maryland 1; Mis sissippi, 11; Oklahoma, 4; Tennessee, 8; Texas, 8. This work has been done at a cost of approximately 1300,000." (J. R. Hutcheson of Blacksburg, Va., Virginia State Director of Extension Work, stated that 10 Negro home makers had been engaged for ser vice, beginning on April 1.) Mr. Evans. In his address to the Hampton workers and students, said that at present 60 per cent of the rural population of ten Southern states is composed of Colored people. He made a strong plea that students should devote time and strength to preparing themselves for agriculture which offers the best and broadest field of service and leadership. Mr. Evans congratulated Hampton Insti tute on offering a specific r course which alms to train home and farm demonstration agents. "This Is a step In advance of all other colleges," he said. Negro Farmers of Virginia.. John B. Pierce of Hampton Insti tute, special agent for Negro ex tension work in Virginia. West Vir ginia. North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Kentucky, reporting on the extension work In Virginia, stated that "the Negro agents at work Inst year In twentv-three counties of Virginia reached 14.000 Negro farm ers; conducted demonstrations in leading crops and livestock; organized countv advisory boards, farmers' com munity clubs, annual county farmers' conferences, and county fairs; se cured the co-operatton of members of both races on questions of Interest to (Continued on page 6.) Negro Will Run For State Auditor. Topeka, Kans., April 29. Sherman Scruggs, a Wyandotte county Negro, will be a candidate for state audi tor, according to announcement by Republican worker In Topeka. Scruggs Is a Washburn college student and fought with the Ninety-second division In France. r nn J UL MAKE AN EFFORT WILL ATTEMPT TO SECURE HEARING IN U. S. DISTRICT COURT. Little Rock. Ark., April 29. Habeas Corpus proceedings will be Instituted In the United States District Court to secure a hearing for the six Phillips county Negroes, whose death sentences were affirmed by the Arkansas Su preme Court Monday, or a writ of er- the 'St.?.8 lBTnU'"j 8Uto.&urtft&. tne state Supreme Court will he SkM:,ai.U MHney of the Uw firm ' Mn'rpnd McKney. attorney, for the Negroea, said yesterday. Mr. M5!5"? .ald " nad been d Hhn .m1!1 1?roced"ro would be taken. 1 ii? . .haba" corpus proceedings be Instituted It will be for the purpose of securing a right guarantee under the constitution of the United States, that of equal protection of the laws. Mr. McHaney said. He said that one of the points raised In the case in population of Phillips county waa five Nebroes to one white, no Ne gro had been on any Jury In this county for 30 years, and that the Negroes wore tried by a jury of white men who were prejudiced against them. In case a writ of error should be asked of the State Supreme Court and It should be refused, attorneys for the Negroes will carry the quos i!on. i the Supreme Court of the United States and ask that the United States Supreme Court grant the writ of error. Open Cosmetic Co., in Sa vannah. Savannah. Ga.. April 29. The Rose Chemical Comn.nv la v . - .... ... n 1 iininn ui I J) O nWi c?"met, company recently or- " "J party or local men. ihe new company began putting out its products last week and already their sales are giving promise of the company meeting with much suc cess. The company which new, haa on the market a aoap, peroxide, cream hair dressing rouge, perfume cleansing cream, face powder and a comb la being managed by P. 8. Sheppard, one or the best known traveling men In this section. Mr. Sheppard is now working the surrounding territory and his products are meetings a ready de mand. The company's products are all very attractively put up and do not by any means suffer by comparison with those from much older concerns. The company claims that its- products are made of the purest and very best ingredients and that those who have used them are already praising them to the hlgheat The company's headquartera are at the Savannah Pharmacy, West Broad and Maple lane. Steps on Man's Toes in Street Car; Shot Atlanta. Ga., April 29. M. V. Rags d?l?'nvih,te' twenty-three yeara old of 107 Payne avenue shot Ernest Wil lams Colored of 17 Means street, on the Lngltsh avenue car at the corner of John and Gray streets. Saturday afternoon. The Colored man was sent to the Gardy hospital, where It was found that the bullet entered the ab domen, and It la believed he will die According to Ragsdale. the atreet car waa crowded and he waa standing on the platform. Williams attempted to to board the car between blocks, atepplng on his feet He remonstrated with the man for tramping upon and mashing his feet, pushing him off. Williams' partner then seized a billy and struck Ragsdale, and the other Colored man it is said got out his knife. Ragsdale then pulled his gun and fired at one of the men. The other Colored man jumped from the car and fled. Negro Invents Anti-Boll Wee vil Machine. Augusta, Ga.. April 29. John A. Rhodea who is now a citizen of Augusta, but who was born and reared In Burke county, not far from Augusta has Invented a machine for destroying the boll weevil. The ma chine is called "The Rhodes Economy Duster," and has been patented by the United States government Its practicability and usefulnesa haa been demonstrated In and around Augusta during the past several months, and the machine is pronounced by those who have seen it work to be the most wonderful thing yet patented to conquer the dreaded boll weevil. Open Tubercular Hospital For Virginia Negroes. Richmond, Va.. April 29. The Pied mont Sanatorium, the State sanatori um for the treatment of Incipient and moderately advanced cases of tuber culosis among the Colored residents of the Stnte of Virginia, opened April 22, 1918. At present It consists of an eighty-bed sanatorium with a medical superintendent and examiner, a resi dent physician, a head nurse, and a dietitian all specially trained In tub erculosis. A training school Is being conducted for the training of Colored nurses specialising in tuberculosis, who are on the same footing aa thoae trained at the white aanatorium at Catawba and to whom the certificate Is given by the State Board of Health. The capacity of thla school is ten. With all beds full and a long wait ing list the future of Piedmont is now assured. The effort to get more beds for the treatment of tuberculosis in the Negro race must be made In the South, and it behooves citizens of all races and creeds to join in the effort Pub licity of facta will reveal to the law makers and other leading citizens some startling evidences of the inter dependence of the two chief races of tb South. When thla fact la as fully realised by the general public as It Is now by those vitally Interested in tuberculosis no difficulty will be ex perienced In obtaining adequate treat ment for all affected.