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The Dallas express. [volume] (Dallas, Tex.) 1893-1970, May 01, 1920, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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Fcundod by w. e. King. '. Thi Republican Party Is The Ship All Else Is The Sea." Fred Douglas. 12.00 Per Annum
Philadelphia. Pa., April 29. Tha
Trustee of the Mercy Hospital which
has been doing very creditable work
for twelve yeara in a converted dwel
ling, have choaen the beautiful alte
of the Episcopal Divinity School. The
Whlttier Centre. . aociat aervice or
ganisation composed mostly of Influ
ential white persons who are endeav
oring; to improve the health and liv
ing; conditions of Negroes in Phila
delphia, felt that Improved facilities
should be afforded Colored young;
women to learn trained nursing; here.
To that end they made an offer to
Mercy Hospital, that If they succeeded
In obtaining; the new site they were
striving; for, the Whlttier Centre
would contribute a fund sufficient
to support the best Superintendent of
Nurses obtainable, white or Colored.
The Board of Directors of Mercy Hos
pital were unanimously in favor of
having a Colored woman for that po
sition, feeling that her Influence
be groater with Colored nurses, and
by her example fill them with more
inspiration. They accepted the offer,
which was most generous one. con
fident that they would be able to
find a Colored woman who would
measure up with any available white
Miss I.ulu O. Warllck. R. N., form
merly Assistant Superintendent of
Provident Hospital, Chicago, but more
recently Superintendent of Nurses at
the Old General Hospital, Kansas
City, Mo., has Just entered upon the
duties of a similar position at the
new Mercy Hospital in Philadelphia.
Opposes Union of Methodist
. Churches.
Birmingham, Ala., April 29. Un
qualified opposition to the proposal
for unification of Methodist Churches
was sounded by Dlahop Collns Denny
In a speech before Methodist minis
ters and laymen In the Sunday School
room of the first Methodist Church.
Bishop Denny discussed from every
angle the plan to unionize the Meth
odist Churches of the country. "The
proposed union has Its weaknesses "
declared Bishop Denny. It would
place the Negro on the same footing
with the white people and allow them
to enter the white churches as mem
bers. Those who favor the plan de
olare that Negroes would not enter
white churches. Now we have sepa
rate railroad cars for Negroea, yet
they have to be taken from these
oare occasionally. When they go be
yond their righta where they are
forbidden by the law, what will be
the result when It is In conformity
with the lawT There would be approx
imately 303,000 Negroea affected by
the plan of unification. That la one
of every 40. Why ahould we accept
a plan that affects six million white
people and put them on the aame
basin with 303,000 Negroes?"
Housing Company to Im
prove Conditions in Philadel
phia. (Associated Negro Press)
Philadelphia, Pa., April 29. During
the past few years, the increase in
number of the Colored population has
been normal, due to the attraction
of opportunities at work at better
rates of pay. While decent homes for
Negroes In Philadelphia, have always
been acarce, with the unusual con
ditions now prevailing they are al
most impossible to find. In many in
stances families are living In one
room some times six families In a
house with sanitary conveniences only
arranged for one. The Whlttier Cen
tre is now making an effort td meet
thla need and must rely as hereto
fore on the public for support. It Is
hoped that real financial support will
aoon come forward to help solve this
great problem. The Housing Company
is about to Increase its capital stock
from (25,000 to $200,000. A gift of
110,000 for working capital gives
new Impetus to our plana and we
hope to be able to state more fully
and definitely in regard to them in
the future.
Efforts Made for Better Re
lations in Chicago.
(By Associated Negro Presa)
New York, N. T., April 29. The
gravity of the racial situation In
Chicago at the present moment is
acknowledged by the partisans of all
viewpoints. Three groups of organi
sations seem to be most actively ln
I terested in present and future con
dictions prtalning to the racial sit
uation. The flrat of theae to be men
tioned, perhaps, should be the as
sociations of real eatate property
ownera In Hyde Park and Kenwood.
And aecond, the leagues and circles
of the Colored people in the so-called
Black Belt Third and significantly,
women's clubs of both white and
Colored races who have formed an
Inter-Racial Committee for the ad
vancement of bettor relationships be
tween the two races, for the purpose
of getting all facta and all light pos
alble on how the machinery of law
and order Is operating to prevent oc
currences auch as those or the sum
mer of 1919.
N. J. Negroes Split on Dele-
gate Question.
(By Associated Negro Press)
Trenton N. J.. April 29. Because
the Republican leaders of the state
have not complied with the request
from Colored organizations to place
one of the race organizations to place
slate for the Chicago national' con
vention, a faction of the Colored
voters field with the secretary of
state a petition nominating two Col
ored men for delngates-at-large and
two for alternates-at-large. This
DreaKB up ina riKini via
Federation of Colored Organizations
of New Jereey, which make up an
entirely Colored Bis; Four slate and
proposed to have a complete Colored ,
ticket In all the district
SCRIPTIONS. Prominent Chicago Physicians
Are Involved in Scandal
Chicago, 111., April 29. Major A, V.
Dalrymplo chief prohibition at
for the Chicago district In his drive
Airainst "hnntUirirlnn-'l - j . j
made recommendations to J. F. Kram
er, commissioner or prohibition at
Washington, to the effect that 66
(hil'U IT It nhvalnlnMi. n . A to M
, " r j aim id urugglstS
be denied the privilege to write li
quor prescriptions. It Is charged by
Major Dalrymple that some physicians
... uui iinva ueen indiscriminate
In thl nraitlf.A a A . . i .
violations of the law.
Proscription "Specialists."
It is declared that in aome cases
OtlVslcinnM hnva tBidJ i . i
to fictitious persons whose residences
were given in many instances on va-
lactones ana ouslness
nlUIOI Main. Tkn l-vmnlA -1 1 1 . 1
, au;ni(ia uttuiartru mai
many physicians made a specialty of
writing prescriptions, and in a recent
public addree said:
Will Fill Jails.
"I will fill the lull an f,,ll nt -1 .
anfi drilpfrlflt. tha hnl .111
- r Lll.ll inri. Will
stick out the windows." The druggists
:nitr in ior criticism on account of
profiteering. It is claimed that some
chara-ed as hlch n. t& .ni.t
Among the names sent to Washing
ton are the following south side phv-
irlRTlfl1 Phlplaa 1X1 Tltkk Orn i n-'.t.
. .... . xl ,,,,, 6a9 IUi tfoln
Ttrt! N. Pelman 202 K. 35th St.;
J. W. Russell, 855 E. 26th street; S.
toi, stin state street; E. T.
' i'jhsi ajra street; Wm. A.
Foulkers, 3539 State street; J. M. Al
il"onU485 K- 85th treet; Ira M. Mason,
470 E. 85th street; E. Hall 644 E.
S4th street; Schmall, 3449 State St.;
H. M. Lackey, 8 E. 87th street; W. P.
Lawton, 3717 State street; W. P.
201 E. 7th street; Burrows, 201 E.
37th street; W. J. Watera, 3467 State
street; Benj. Rluitt 8102 Indiana ave
nue; James F. Lawson, 259 E. 86th
street; M. A. Majors, 4700 State street;
Arthur Massey, 3457 State street; Jas.
E. McCornell, 8 E. 87th street; Herbert
A. Turner, 8568 State street; Anna
B. Schultz 8430 Calumet avenje.
Among the well known druggists
reported are: H. li. Zanders, 47500
State street; Harry Kelly, 8100 State
street; The Crown 8039 State street;
xj. r. nuDDara, so sist street; W.
F. Bowden, 19 W. 31st street; Wal
green Drug Co., 3501 State street.
The list sent by Major Dalrymple
Is the first of a series under prepara
tion for Inspection at Washington. It
is reported that one south side phy
sician wrote as high as 300 prescrip
tions in a day.
Danville Prisoner Escapes
Lexington. Ky.. April 29. Luclen
Jenkins. 27. Negro, charged with as
saulting 6-year-old Willie Trimble
pf Danville, Ky. waa rushed to the
Lexington jail from Danville early
today to thwart a possible lvnchlng
at the hands of a mob In Danville.
Jenkins, who. with Keith Phillips,
IS years old, white bov. Is charged
with kidnapping the Trimble child
Friday nlpht taking him Into a corn
field and striking him over the head
with a hammer, denies knowledge of
the crime.
Jenkins was spirited out of Dan
ville Jail last night by officers while
a mob outside was - demanding en
trance. The lights In the Jail sud
denly were turned out and while the
place was In darkness Jenkins and
the officers escaped. Later members
of the mob were admitted to the Jail
and made a search.
Jenkins a grocer's delivery clerk,
admits having had trouble with the
Trimble family because of the man
ner in which he delivered groceries.
Reports from Danville tonight were
that the town waa quiet. The Trimble
b.oy.." recovering from a fractured
California Church Elects
Delegates to Gen. Conference
Los Angeles, Cal., April 29. Willis
O. Tyler, a prominent lawyer of this
city has been elected by his church,
a lay delegate to the General Con
ference of the A. M. E. church which
will begin In the City of St. Louis,
on the third of May. Mr. Tyler, who
represents the Intellectual type of the
race waa born in Blooming, Indiana,
July 19. 1880; graduated a Bachelor
of Arta, Indiana State University,
T902; graduated a Bachelor of Law.
Harvard Law achool, 1918; member of
the Illinois Bar and of the California
Bar; 82nd Degree Maaon; and at the
California Bar, he has prosecuted over
one hundred suits effecting discrimi
nation agalnnt the race in theatres
and places of public accommodation,
and secured a verdict of the Supreme
Court of this State the first of Its
kind ever rendered, to the effect that
a private individual could not Insert
a clause in a deed which prohibited
the future sale to persons of African
Clinical Society Will Meet
in Toskegee.
(Associated Negro Press)
Tuakegee Institute, April 29. The
ninth annual Clinic and the John A.
Andrew Clinical Society Meeting will
be held In Tuakegee Institute, April
25 to 28. A large number of physi
cians throughout the south have writ
ten to Dr. Henry that they will be
present, hence every southern city
and state is expected to be represent
ed. Founder's Day exercises will be
held here on April 27th on which day
ex-president. Wm H. Taft will de
liver the principal address.
Chas. Stewart Joins Tuskegee
Tuskegee Institute, Ala., April 29.
Charles H. Stewart former Associate
Editor of The Savannah, Ga., Journal
has joined the ataff of workers in
the Principal's office of Tuakegee In
stitute. Mr. Stewart has been ap
pointed the Associate Editor of the
Tuskegee Student
By Nahum Daniel Brascher.
Atlanta, Ga., April 29. The most
epoch making tour of business men
ever made in this country started out
from Kansas City, Missouri. April 7th
and la now in progress. People of
both races In every city visited, have
had a new awakening and the men
of "The 85.000 000 Business Man'i Bri
dal," as it has been called, have a
new vision of the achievements and
possibilities of the South.
The men of the nartv h.
highest attainment of business suc
cess in the race: and out of a very
busy work-a-day life, under the di
rection of Prof. J. R. Lee nrlnrlr.nl nf
thS,LIJe?In F'"? 8chool7KPa.a.PCltv'
they determined to make a tour to
Institute and a number of
rimr,r , . 'TV" cities studying con
hand between the races flrat
flJi? they Jlttv "cen wl" never be
forgotten, and marks a new era for
thft race.
I J.ye7.w.here a,on the route, the
proverbial southern hospitality has
! been demonstrated In the most suc
cessful manner. The party left Kan
sas City from the Union Station In a
special Pullman amid fond farewells
of a large number of people. The
first stop was Memphis Tcnn. There
they were met with automobiles by
committees with the following chair
man: reception, T. Hayes; finance, Dr.
J. It. Dftlnnpv nr - a n. iir m
non; general Rev. T. O. Fuller. Break
fast was served at the community
center, followed by a stroll through
the business district where the banks,
retail stores Insurance companies,
noddy a chain of grocery stores and
various other enterprises were stud
led. Luncheon was served at the in
dustrial settlement home, and then
followed an observation auto drive,
to the outlying places of interest in
cluding the schools colleges, the great
undertaking establishment of T. H.
Hayes which practically covers a city
block, and a drive through the boule
vards. After dinner at the Community Cen
ter. reception to the, visitors was
held by the Federation of women's
cluba, where felicitations were ex
changed, and addresses were delivered
by a number visitora, including Nel-
Will Face Federal Charge Un
der Protection of U. S. Offi
cers. TnAa8r,C,',ty', Mo- A&r11 29 Judge
John C. Pollock of the federal court
mfKfn8a.8Cltjr' KtRn-' '""tructed the
district attorney Saturday to draw
J!f Aaprov'8lonaI wrlt fr the r
to Arkansas of Robert U HIM wantod
iHct f."-8.16" Kansas federal dls
Iral officer' Impersonating a fed-
Judge Pollock in Issuing the writ
following completion of the hearing
of Hill specif lei that If he M not
convicted in the United States court
of the eastern district of Arkansas
on the charge of conspiring with E.
V. Powell another Colored man, to
Impersonate a federal officer, he
shall not be turned over to any state
authority, but shall be returned to
Kansas for asylum."
Hill is wanted by the Arkansas
state authorities for alleged partici
pation In activities which led to the
Elaine uprising last fall.
Hill, testfylng In his own behalf, de
,nRvred.,he -was Rt Winchester, Ark.,
100 miles from Elaine, July 10, 1919,
when the impersonation of a federal
officer was alleged to have taken
place near the latter town. He said
he feared mob violence if he was
returned to Arkansas and denied that
he had ever posed as a federal offi
cer. He said he had done some "de
tective work" and that ha held a
"degrees" as a "a Jiejtiv.-' for
whicn he paid a school at St Louis,
1 8.
Hugh T. Fischer, county attorney
of Shawnee count, Kansas, who as
sisted Hill's attorneys testified that
he did so because Senator Arthur
Capper had wired him asking him
to do all In power to prevent Hill's
return to Arkansas. Ht stattd on the
witness stand that he would not dare
defend Hill In an Arkansas court
as he belelved he- would be In danger
nf mob violence If he did so.
Chicago Lawyer Displaces
Congressman Madden.
Chicago, III.. April 29. Edward H.
Wright was elected Committeeman in
the Second Ward yesterday over War
ren Douglass, his chief opponent, by
two thousand, nine hundred and six
votes. He will be the only Colored
man In the County Central Committee.
No other ward in the city had Colored
candidates in the field.
Congressman Martin B. Madden has
been committeeman for the 2d ward
for years, and his replacement shows
the growing political .strength of the
Race. Wright who is a Thompson ap
pointee as special attorney for the
traction commission, has long been
prominent in Second Ward politics,
serving until recently as Assistant
Corporation Counsel.
The Colored vote was solid for
General Leonard Wood and enabled
him to carry Cook County by a plu
rality of 27.53S. Wherever there were
Colored voters Wood showed strength,
carrying Cairo and the southern end
of the state handily. It had not been
expected that he would defeat Gov.
Lowden's machine in his home state.
Selma, Ala., April 29. C. 8. Brown,
D. D. prominent educator and orator,
president of Watera Industrial and
Collegiate Institute at Wlnaton, N. C.
and preaident also of the Lott Mis
sion convention, spoke at the Colored
Baptist church Sunday and lectured
Monday night on "The Redemption
of Haiti." Large audiences heard
i -
aon C. Crews Editor of the Kansas
City Bun; Attorney C. H. Callaway;
Rev. J. C. Hursa, Dr. S. H. Thompson,
and others. The visitora were of
ficially welcomed to Memphis by two
of the city commissioners.
The next atop was Birmingham Ala.,
the "Plttaburgh of the South." The
committee froii the local Bualneaa
League, headed by the following aa
committee chairman Froreasor W. L.
Porter. Principal of the high school;
W. B. Driver Insurance man, and Hill
Harris president of the local Busi
ness League met the visitors at the
station with automobiles, and es
corted them to the splendidly appoint-
Aft Hlls'a Hail urhli.h ... . . " . .
headquarters of the visitors during 1
mo DiriiiiiiBiiHin -my. jrter DreaK
fast the Kansas Cityans were divided
Into small groups and attended ser
vices at the various churches where
they were accorded the honors of the
day and where the subject of the
tour was explained by the varous
visitors. ,
In afternoon, the visitors were made
special guests of honor at the an
nual memorial service of the Elks at
the historical Shlloh Baptist church,
whore over a score of years ago so
many lives were lost In a stampede.
On Monday at nine, a tour of In
spection of the Birmingham business
places was made, including the Py
thian Temple building and the large
groups of offices in-the great struc
ture. Then, with automobllea well fill
ed with oil, gasoline and air the party
waa escorted over a fifty mile drive
through the Blue Ridge mountains,
and the beautiful but often thrilling
Tennessee Coal . and Iron Company
were observed.
There was a distant revelation In
this great tour. The men were able
to see the new conditions of labor
standard brought about by a change
In sentiment and the migration to the
North of so many hundreds of thou
sands of Negroes. It has been very
wisely observed that, in any event,
it Is necessary to bring about bet
ter living and educational conditions
if it la hoped to ret,i, In the South
a' sufficient number WNegroes to per
form the necessary labor, skilled and
unskilled to maintain the commercial
prestige of the section. It Is a diffi
cult Job, at least, in face of certain
conditions know to exist, but the Ten
Toured City in Autos and
Heckled Voters and Officials.
Chicago,' III., April 29. England
staged one of its most active field
days at the presidential preference
primary elections here today. Heavi
ly armed sluggers and gunmen toured
the election and precinct workers.
There were shootings, kldpaplngg,
slugging galore, repeaters by the
score, bribery In the way of money
and whisky prescriptions and ram
pant fraud in several wards where
the content for control of the patron
age Is a. prize worthy any effort
In the river wards bogus whisky
prescriptions were the especial lure
to win votes. Plenty of whisky and
other booze was to be had regardless
of prescriptions, and both sides had
abundant supplies for the workers
and voters who were susceptible to
that influence.
Alleged detectives "arrested" one
election Judge who was too insistent
upon observing the law and kept him
in hiding. Adolph Muss, a Republican
judge In one of the precincts of the
Nineteenth Ward, was Intercepted' by
four men in a closed automobile on
his way to the polls. They forced
him to get Into the machine. He was
accompanied by a precinct captain,
and they were carrying the election
paraphernalia. Both men and the
ballots and books were taken away
and were not heard from during the
entire day.
William Nathan, also Republican
precinct worker, was slugged, thrown
Into a closed automobile, which trans
ferred him to another machine a
block distant. This machine drove
rapidly away and no trace of the
machine or Nathan could be found,
despito vigilant search all of the
Greek Letter Traf Endorses
Gen. Wood.
(Special to Express)
Champaign, III., Apr. 2. Last week
the Grand Chapter or the Kappa Al
pha Psl Fraternity, In session at Illi
nois University re-elected Mr. Irvln
Armstrong, A. B., of Indiana Univer
sity, and a prominent citizen of In
dianapolis, and a prominent citizen of
dlanapolls Grand Polemarch.
Kappa Alpha Psl Is one of the na
tional Colored Greek letter fraterni
ties among college men in tha United
A straw vote taken by E. M. Ba
coyne and V. La Maler Hicks, of Illi
nois University who were on the re
ception committee of Champlaln, which
entertained General Wood April 7th,
showed the Kappa Alpha Psl Fra
ternity la 100 per cent for the Gen
eral for president of the United States.
Mr. Hlrks was second lieutenant In
Headquarters Company at Camp Fun
ston, under General Wood, and long
before the general announced his can
didacy he showed bis Impartiality to
race or creed thus: "There la. only
one color In the United States Army
and that color la "olive drab." 80 he
advised the American soldiers at
Camp Funston two years ago.
Says Relatives Should Sue
New York, N. T., April 29. The
National Association for the Advance
ment of Colored people, make public
a telegram sent to Governor Robert
A. Cooper of South Carolina, In which
the Association suggests that all the
power of the Governor'o office to be
used to bring to trial the members of
the mob which lynched George Rob
ertson, April 2. taking him from the
111 " ""a.
nessee Coal and Iron Company has
made a wonderful step In advance,
which Is certain in time, to permeate
the community life of the cities.
This company has provided villages
and places or recreation, where the
laborers with their families live amid
surroundings unsurpassed anywhere
in the land. These villages of Edge
water, Bayvlow and others are truly
astounding steps In advance, where
seemingly money has no object In
carrying out complete plans, and
where there la a apirlt of co-operation
between employer and employee, be
tween white and black, that meana
much both at present and for the
future. The magnificent 1,000 000 hos
pital should be visited by every phy
sician In America. It would require
much apace to fully describe that ln-
"Tired but never weary," the west
ern students of southern economic
conditions toured on to Montgomery,
the capital of Alabama, where again
they were met by olllcers of the local
and state business leagues, and es
corted to a restaurant where a ban
quet had been prepared; a smoker fol
lowed the banquet and the next day,
after .inspecting the local business
enterprises, a tour of fifteen miles
Into the country was made to the
Alabama Reformatory, which was
started as a small charitable work
by the women of the state under the
leadership of Mrs. Booker T. Wash
ington, and which has developed Into
an extensive Institution supported by
the state of Alabama. It Is an Inter
esting place of several hundred acres,
with no guards, high fences or Iron
bars, but an institution of merit and
honor, where conditions have been
developed to a surprising efficiency.
Following the visit to the farm,
the visitors paid their respects to
the Governor of Alabama at the capi
tal, and were received with the utmost
courtesy and respect The historical
capital building where Jefferson Davis
was Inaugurated President of the
Confederacy proved to be an Inter
esting place. A large bronze star oc
cupies the place on the capital out
side where the former leader of the
"lost c"ause' stood at the time of the
ceremonies. Each man stepped on the
star, and an object lesson of the
changes that may be brought about
by time, was demonstrated In the
heart of the South.
Employer Fails to Side With
Clerk who Refused Service.
Greenwood, S. C, April 29. Special
to The Plain Dealer. Mr. James Cast
tlemon, a storekeeper on the pike
road severely beat one of his clerks
(John Hark), who Insulted a young
Colored girl In his store here Satur
day afternoon. The trouble started
when the clerk refused tq wait on
the girl, saying that he did not serve
or wait on Negroes. The girl had
been a customer of the place for a
number of years and Is out of one of
the best Colored families of this sec
tion, after being refused to be waited
on by Hark, she reported the affair
to Mr. (.'antleman, who asked the
clerk why he did not sell the girl
the sugar that she came for? The
clerk replied that he did not wait
on Negroes and Castleman ordered
him out it was at this point that
the trouble started. Castleman knock-
I ing the clerk down and threw him
out 01 tne store, ana saa mat no
would knock any man down who In
sulted his patrons. Hark had Castle
man placed under arrest and the
Judge said that Castleman did the
thing that was right, and that the
white people should be ever ready
to help the Negro, rather than con
tinually abusing him. He said that
tho refusal to sell the people the
things that are essential to life, Is
one of the greatest crimes that could
be placed against mankind. And that
he as Judge would see to It that the
Negro who was brought before him
was given a square Seal.
Reckless Spending Causes
(Associated Negro Press)
Chicago, 111., April 29. Driven to
desperation by his wife's Insistence
upon keeping pace with the wild orgy
of spending that Is rampant In Chica
go, Maurice Anderson shot his wife to
death and turned the gun on him
self. Inflicting a probable fatal wound.
Says Migration Will Aid De
velopment (By Associated Negro Press)
Chicago, III., April 29. In a letter,
recently sent by Senator Medlll Mc
cormick of Illinois to the Associated
Negro Press on the migration of the
race from the south to the north the
Senator has this to say,
"The migration of agricultural
workers to Industrial centers, the
economic developments In the Indus
trial field, have profoundly modified,
and will more profoundly modify,
the environment of a large part of
the Colored population of the coun
try. The violent outbreaks In some
of our cities, to which lawless ele
ments of both races Immediately con
tributed, have borne good fruit Lead
era of the Colored and white people,
to their common advantage and ad
Los Angeles, Cal. April 29. Thomas
Myles, a Colored lad of 14 who Is
president of the Rosewood War Sav
ings Society, an organization of chil
dren mostly of white parentage, call
ed on Mayor Snyder to ask him to
set May 1 for official recognition of
the city's patrlotio youth.
Laurens County under the provision
of the state constitution, which pro
vider for the collection of exemplary
damages of not less than 22,000 to be
paid In such cases to bo tha legal
representative of the person lynched.
fai ST3
Conference at Hampton Re
sults in Program of Expan
sion. Will be promoted and developed be
cause of Its success. White and Col
ored Extension Workers both Federal
and State Hold Flank Helpful Confer
ence at Hampton and Agree on Work
ing Program.
Hampton, Va April 29. That the
force of Negro county agents at work
in the South has been making sub
stantial progress and that the Fed
eral and State officers responsible for
the agricultural and home ecomonlcs
extension work wish to nrnmote and
,develop Negro extension work, were
inane ciear oy lirj a. u. i rue, direc
tor of States Relations Bervlce. Wash
ington, D. C, In his final address de
livered to the members of the Inter
slate Conference of white and Negro
extension workers who have been
holding a two-day session at Hampton
Institute to consider the problems of
problems of Negro extension work.
Dr. True said;
"The co-operative education exten
sion movement Js gaining strength
throughout the country and is se
curing efficient service with Govern
ment funds in sight This conference
has been a revelation to me.
"The employment of Negro agents
has been so well established that I
feel the work will be developed fur
ther. Frank talk has brought out
actual conditions. Extension workers
ought to go away from this confer
ence hopeful of the development of
extension work aa a whole.
"There has been a tendency to re
duce the number of agenta. While the
extension work haa held and won
many friends, we can not afford to
relax our efforts. Campaigns of edu
cation and organization must be car
ried forward. We need to secure com
petent workers and give them better
pay. Farmers are becoming more
critical. They want better agents
than they have ever had. We must
work patiently and progressively. The
spirit of service that haa animated
eztenalon work especially In the South,
Is remarkable.
"In the Negro work we have a
body of agenta who are doing good
service and should be encouraged.
Lnrger development and mora use
ful results will come. With this con
ference at Hampton and with others
like it we shall be' In a better po
sition to Judge of the merits, needs,
and prospects of the Negro work,
which Federal and State officers en
gaged in agricultural and home- econ
omics extension work wish to promote
and develop."
Dr. True, in a brief public address
delivered In Ogden Hall, Hampton
Institute declared that the Inter-State
Conference was an evidence that the
National Government and the State
authorities in charge of extension
work regard problems arising out of
agricultural and home-economics
work among Negroes as important.
"Those who are in charge of exten
sion work," he said, "not only desire
to Improve the agricultural output of
the Nation by helping Colored peo
ple, but they also desire to help all
people to a higher plane of living.
There are now many Negro county
agenta who reach millions of people
on the farm. Theae agents not only
give agricultural Instruction but'also
show people how thoy can unite for
many useful purposes."
Intelligent Rural Leadership Needed.
J. A. Evans, Chief of the OHIce of
Extension Work South, who presided
over the meetings of the conference,
declared that the best way to secure
racial understanding Is for white
agents and Negro agents to do good,
definite work.
Mr. Evans, In opening the confer
ence, presented statistlccs showing the
extent and necessity of helping Ne
groes engaged In agriculture and al
lied industries.
"The Improvement of agriculture In
the South." he said, "Involves the
problem of reaching Negro aa well
aa white farmers. At present
there'are 220 Negro agents (123 men,
87 women), distributed as follows:
(a) county agenta Washington Office,
4; Alabama, 24; Arkansas. 10; Flori
da. 8; Georgia, 13; Kentucky, 3;
Louisiana, 12; Maryland, 2; Mlsaisslp
, ; South Carolina, 7; Tennessee,
fl. 14; North Carolina, 15; Oklahoma.
6: Texas, 11; Virginia, 24; West Vir
ginia, 1; (b) homemakers Alabama,
7; Arknnsas, 13: Florida. ; Georgia,
I; Louisiana, 1; Maryland 1; Mis
sissippi, 11; Oklahoma, 4; Tennessee,
8; Texas, 8. This work has been done
at a cost of approximately 1300,000."
(J. R. Hutcheson of Blacksburg, Va.,
Virginia State Director of Extension
Work, stated that 10 Negro home
makers had been engaged for ser
vice, beginning on April 1.)
Mr. Evans. In his address to the
Hampton workers and students, said
that at present 60 per cent of the
rural population of ten Southern
states is composed of Colored people.
He made a strong plea that students
should devote time and strength to
preparing themselves for agriculture
which offers the best and broadest
field of service and leadership. Mr.
Evans congratulated Hampton Insti
tute on offering a specific r course
which alms to train home and farm
demonstration agents. "This Is a step
In advance of all other colleges," he
Negro Farmers of Virginia..
John B. Pierce of Hampton Insti
tute, special agent for Negro ex
tension work in Virginia. West Vir
ginia. North Carolina, South Carolina,
Maryland and Kentucky, reporting
on the extension work In Virginia,
stated that "the Negro agents at work
Inst year In twentv-three counties of
Virginia reached 14.000 Negro farm
ers; conducted demonstrations in
leading crops and livestock; organized
countv advisory boards, farmers' com
munity clubs, annual county farmers'
conferences, and county fairs; se
cured the co-operatton of members of
both races on questions of Interest to
(Continued on page 6.)
Negro Will Run For State
Topeka, Kans., April 29. Sherman
Scruggs, a Wyandotte county Negro,
will be a candidate for state audi
tor, according to announcement by
Republican worker In Topeka. Scruggs
Is a Washburn college student and
fought with the Ninety-second division
In France.
r nn
Little Rock. Ark., April 29. Habeas
Corpus proceedings will be Instituted
In the United States District Court to
secure a hearing for the six Phillips
county Negroes, whose death sentences
were affirmed by the Arkansas Su
preme Court Monday, or a writ of er-
the 'St.?.8 lBTnU'"j 8Uto.&urtft&.
tne state Supreme Court will he
SkM:,ai.U MHney of the Uw firm
' Mn'rpnd McKney. attorney,
for the Negroea, said yesterday. Mr.
M5!5"? .ald " nad been d
Hhn .m1!1 1?roced"ro would be taken.
1 ii? . .haba" corpus proceedings be
Instituted It will be for the purpose
of securing a right guarantee under
the constitution of the United States,
that of equal protection of the laws.
Mr. McHaney said. He said that one
of the points raised In the case in
population of Phillips county waa
five Nebroes to one white, no Ne
gro had been on any Jury In this
county for 30 years, and that the
Negroes wore tried by a jury of white
men who were prejudiced against
them. In case a writ of error should
be asked of the State Supreme Court
and It should be refused, attorneys
for the Negroes will carry the quos
i!on. i the Supreme Court of the
United States and ask that the United
States Supreme Court grant the writ
of error.
Open Cosmetic Co., in Sa
vannah. Savannah. Ga.. April 29. The Rose
Chemical Comn.nv la v .
- .... ... n 1 iininn ui I J) O
nWi c?"met, company recently or-
" "J party or local men.
ihe new company began putting out
its products last week and already
their sales are giving promise of the
company meeting with much suc
cess. The company which new, haa on the
market a aoap, peroxide, cream hair
dressing rouge, perfume cleansing
cream, face powder and a comb la
being managed by P. 8. Sheppard, one
or the best known traveling men In
this section. Mr. Sheppard is now
working the surrounding territory and
his products are meetings a ready de
mand. The company's products are all very
attractively put up and do not by any
means suffer by comparison with
those from much older concerns. The
company claims that its- products are
made of the purest and very best
ingredients and that those who have
used them are already praising them
to the hlgheat
The company's headquartera are at
the Savannah Pharmacy, West Broad
and Maple lane.
Steps on Man's Toes in Street
Car; Shot
Atlanta. Ga., April 29. M. V. Rags
d?l?'nvih,te' twenty-three yeara old
of 107 Payne avenue shot Ernest Wil
lams Colored of 17 Means street, on
the Lngltsh avenue car at the corner
of John and Gray streets. Saturday
afternoon. The Colored man was sent
to the Gardy hospital, where It was
found that the bullet entered the ab
domen, and It la believed he will die
According to Ragsdale. the atreet
car waa crowded and he waa standing
on the platform. Williams attempted
to to board the car between blocks,
atepplng on his feet He remonstrated
with the man for tramping upon and
mashing his feet, pushing him off.
Williams' partner then seized a billy
and struck Ragsdale, and the other
Colored man it is said got out his
Ragsdale then pulled his gun and
fired at one of the men. The other
Colored man jumped from the car
and fled.
Negro Invents Anti-Boll Wee
vil Machine.
Augusta, Ga.. April 29. John A.
Rhodea who is now a citizen of
Augusta, but who was born and
reared In Burke county, not far from
Augusta has Invented a machine for
destroying the boll weevil. The ma
chine is called "The Rhodes Economy
Duster," and has been patented by
the United States government Its
practicability and usefulnesa haa been
demonstrated In and around Augusta
during the past several months, and
the machine is pronounced by those
who have seen it work to be the
most wonderful thing yet patented
to conquer the dreaded boll weevil.
Open Tubercular Hospital
For Virginia Negroes.
Richmond, Va.. April 29. The Pied
mont Sanatorium, the State sanatori
um for the treatment of Incipient and
moderately advanced cases of tuber
culosis among the Colored residents of
the Stnte of Virginia, opened April
22, 1918. At present It consists of an
eighty-bed sanatorium with a medical
superintendent and examiner, a resi
dent physician, a head nurse, and a
dietitian all specially trained In tub
erculosis. A training school Is being
conducted for the training of Colored
nurses specialising in tuberculosis,
who are on the same footing aa thoae
trained at the white aanatorium at
Catawba and to whom the certificate
Is given by the State Board of Health.
The capacity of thla school is ten.
With all beds full and a long wait
ing list the future of Piedmont is now
The effort to get more beds for the
treatment of tuberculosis in the Negro
race must be made In the South,
and it behooves citizens of all races
and creeds to join in the effort Pub
licity of facta will reveal to the law
makers and other leading citizens
some startling evidences of the inter
dependence of the two chief races of
tb South. When thla fact la as fully
realised by the general public as It
Is now by those vitally Interested in
tuberculosis no difficulty will be ex
perienced In obtaining adequate treat
ment for all affected.

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