SOMEBODY IS GOING TO GET AN
AUTOMORILB FOR NOTHING',
YOU MIGHT IF YOU
Founded by W. E. King.
VOL. XXVIII, NO. 0.
NORTHEAST TEXAS A. M. E CONFER
ENCE HELD IN MEXIA LAST WEEK.
Reports Show Successful
Year. Appointments MadeS CHARGES AGAINST
by New Bishop.
Alexia, Texas, Deo. 2. The forty
econd session of the Northeast Tex
an Conference of the A. M. E.
Church, . of which the Rev. W. A.
Younger U pastor. The conference
was called to order by the Right Rev.
William D. Johnson. D. D., Ph. D.,
president bishop of the Tenth Epis
copal District, (which Includes the
State of Texas and the Republic of
The Rev. J. H. Lynn, presiding; el
der of the Pittsburg district preached
the sacremental sermon after the ser-
rh"ntab.e ,n f 152 WM la'd on
The organization of the Conference
was completed ., .follow.: CMrtJSZ
retary, j. w. MoDade: renordlncr
:r."ryBM; Kirk: statistical secre-
p BnJ, M"-ald; chief marVhal":
torM.ana b Cornellu,rrepoVter,
ChriiH.llffrent PXP""- V. 8. Franks,
Christian Recorder; W. R. Beamer
Southern Recorder; A, V. Brown
Western Recorder; I. C. OllphiJnt:
Voice of Missions; Mrs. R j' Giles
Woman s Missionary Recorder; S. m!
Kirk, secular papers.
The following visitors were present
"ill l7k.upart 'P th9 "Pining exer
S . ?f the crnference: Drj J. w
Rankin, secretary of mlsslojs of the
A- 5J;,,13- .SrhuKh: J J" Saunders. G
I Mills, ' W. H. Durden. C. W. Ab
Mngton H P. Evans. H. D. wins.
M. J. Brooks, A. R. Starks;, J. A
hI"!"- F'?n' R- s- Jenkins,
fn'..8- P- 8lmPfn, Prince G. E. I
Miatl of Africa, J. B. Butler, N. W.
Bagsby of Florida. F. M. Johnson
dFseesr.Vittw-Denn'" of GoorBia
The afternoon session was marked
by the delivery of the bishop's an
assistants, C. J,
,.ire Ports rrom the varlotis dirt-1
the Tcorsicana district whPch'n?enlfh '
1a .V ,V.ACam...-aJ".r.,c.tl. "I'1. reP''t- 1
-P H.h..rr' Hia'i.in. vJVi.1 '&l"-80 nd!
it. " .toi.iu.
"pcl?' TP.anl,:?Klvlng sermon
eHti.-il,.n0i ..,.: .'
preached ;,'k".. "If?
Rev. J. W. M,.i. i t "J. i
FJ,WnffM rDL I
uUlLUl lllCla I I .r riir rriI t
tiest Negro Woman.
London.' Dec 2 A nriz. of linn '
fo, ,k. . ' ' prlze of 500
for the most beautifu Colored worn-
" m pifiti-no ny ine liev. w A nDv.
teri of Ta,,rmOM mi,, . ',. noiu, mi cHiani i n ' oent appoint
The conference Lonf .n m,ornlns' cJn'r""ed bY th National City Kank commis
-i .v.f " n? mi'n,.ln,led .ln "- "f New York, a clause prohibiting the ! our ir
ci dine i h tU,,,;t;e?S..e?!!-. .,.".p"rto.Von ,nt? Haiti of .foreign gold datlons
polntments on Sun nlehV ."" .. 'mpo-' Dl.tlnguls
ji negro extraction ln the world , mnponao, in me arcn-
has been offered by Duse Mohamed I e" the Amcrlcan Legation.".
All editor of the Africa and Orient Own Proposals Kot Perfect.
Review, to prove that there are girls' Admitting that his own proposals
and women among the Negroid races' wer not perfect, the Presldsnt ccm
wno conform with European ideas ofi Plained because the civil unction-
The comnetftfnn ha.
"d "tlr among the Women of the '.
..-..... i.IL,i Ainirrica and tne West lm" nuppenea
Indies, and DhnMirranl,. t . "AnI it la 1
of Colored beauty are arriving daily eminent of
at Mr. Mohamed All's ffi 0 the Imnrimi
viMMMdioun, no said, arose l,"'e 10 impose on tne government uivicu kuuui, uiai vi pussiuiiiLies, ana wim oounaiess re
out of a long argument I had re- ""d the Haitian people the require- ' , ,
cently a with a distinguished R. A.' ments least commendable of the
..o .,oU jubi returned rrom Italy and American orriciais, paid for with
waJ xtro"l"BT the beauty of Italian Haitian money. If the government
and J-.tiropoan women generally. . refuses the worst humiliations are
' I suggested that I could find Inflicted."
Si I TiL'." .ny 1,1 E,lrPe "Hf The President said that loyal co
women of Ethiopian origin. He laugh- operation, promised by the treaty
f?- V"5 ,ldea- and said that- with should be assured; that peace must
the predominant traits of he Negro maintained by a national force,
nigh cheekbones, thick lips and assuring public respect and conscious
53. """"en beauty was impossible, of its responsibilities; that American
or this reason I decided to start military forces must not intervene
aeadvmtitl0,n'i "slder tha
already my claims have been Justl-
fpd. - "1 I
"All xt.. .
All Negroid Women do not nnu. 1
2hn wJ10!?6"' 88 the. Photographs
mt n. .i.iii v.. . Willi
whi?-. E .5" Wer,8 -u Possible to
Jo the fa.cP 1 feel "ure that
. ,ivo une ot a g r with
t,'"MinN uiea tnis giri would
appear very beautiful."
Harrison Gilliean And Col. Roscoe Sim-
mens Dissolve Partnership in Clarion..
Bt. Louis, Mo. Dec. 2. One of the
hf tire,Hr,rdoG'relean; Whtri
I ' nd.H 1. ?."-en'er Jh8i
a ........ uiihchu, WUO WaS
then his private secretary and book
ing manager, was summoned to St
Louis by telegraph and placed in
charge of The Clarion, widely adver
tised as "the paper Roscoe .Simmons
, write, for."
The Clarion under Gilliean'. man
agership ho. mad. ..record gain ln 'the election he was goinj To leave
circulation and advertising patronage A," Clarion. It had been charged
wVr7 'TT? 'V M WS ftS SlS:
Wm ',PP'""(1 to b solng .moothly palgn. but that was denied by both
until the end of the presidential cam-I Gilliean and Simmons,
palgn. The Clarion' was supporting! Gilliean, it Is learned. plans to
io?,CJ"ld'i8Ciy "f Roberf N' 0wen- aioP'-n an office In Chicago and win
young race lawyer, aga nst Congress-1 again make State street his head
man L. C. Dyer and Ollllenn was in quarters. ITpon being asked concern-
'S.l'ffln"' hP,b!.lcl.ty' u ' lnsr hl! attitude toward Colonel Slm
. .IlLa h 1 V?'""'1 w" " to m.k. mens he said they were still the best
S. "pe.?h that was to have swung) of friends and that his present Plan.
m. to tne support or Owens,
Two thousand: people were out but 1
5 Pf"P spokesman" failed to !
' ' v . fT vjurruo.li: me reoruary meeting or the L,ln
,gav an interview to the whit, dail- coin League Olll lean has been tha
les, unauthorised by Simmons It 1. 1
stating that The Clarion and j
Simmons wer. still
voung Negro agsln.t tha wh .
and explaining "that th. coionel ha3 Learning of th T reported i VT th. VnJr'nurlK .nnnVaV
left St. I-.ul early on the . nlng , break with th. president of th.T.g-, The Mai whit, population T. 25
of the speaking to fill another date. ue. the newspaper men figured some 07 " population Is 625,-
Thl f"ir beVore ihif'isri'lon mTh. l.Br7ilin'a c"py, mlf,,t b! ''"dj1 Th. Incre.-e of th. Negro popula
" .....?eL..r." . V' ,floctl,m Th." !lut "18 .xecutlv. .ecretary said tlon since miO wss JSdtl or tl 0
u"n w u,llor ,n """" c"-
PRESIDENT OF HAITI
Charges Oppression by U. S.
Government and Attacks
Minister and Financial Ad
visor. Port-Au-Prlnce, Dec. 2. The Amer
lean civil administration in Haiti Is
"more oppressive than the
...o oii.i3iiiwiii ii iiiuuo
attaching tne pudiic service or Minis
ter Bianchard and John McAlIhenny,
flnancial adviser of the black repub
lic. The President charged that since
American occupation no effective
aid had been given Haiti for develop
ment of its agricultural and indus
trial resources, as stipulated in the
treaty, and that no serious measure
had been proposed with a view to
''placing Haiti's finances on a treaty
solid basis." '
McAlIhenny is In Washington and
the minister declined to be Hen.
Calling attention to the fact that
the flnancnal adviser, as named by
'h.rm "n ,tho. Proposal of President
Wl son, is In effect a Haitian offi
cial, who Is paidllO.000 a year from
Haitian funds, the President uld:
"In realty, the financial adviser
does not report to the Haitian Gov
ernment that he pretends to submit
to his sovelgn will. The facts are
numerous which show the omnipo
tence which the financial adviser at
tributes to himself.
"Nothing can give a more striking
, , " , in man nit
aided by the Amricn Mini.Y.r, .V, !
T 1 I iw'i ' Financial Advl.i.ir
t,,.KHlarl:il 0 c,,he ""'lent of the
republic, .the Secretary of State,
members of the Legislative Council i
iif:iiKe tne arovernment rata
Insert In the contract of thn Nation. :
e Hani. 1 1 i . i . . . .- .
- l.T v-cV.. preveniea a
D.u.afe.1- contrary to th
"l. i.. . v . n constitution.
T I. .. 1 I.I l.i .. .
dent asserted, has made no injury
into the valldltv of vr.tti-n A..'
has recommenrieH nn n..fm.(ini .nAv. 1
Vd..f banking the. revenues, and
,M".. nu -e'inmennatjon for the
iiiii' .i no . ecommenottiion for the
welfare and prosperity of the yepub-
lie. in the face of "The inertia of the
financial adviser" the government
multiplied its efforts, according to
th? who charged: 'nS .t.
numerous rinunciRi nrnieftn
"uu,l"rtl,i eaucauonai. aamlnistra-1
tive and rural organization, meet the
opposition of the American officials
aries i alien 10 proDoae modir cat Una
or snhi.tii,,tAM ifi.. hi. i.. .... i a.
bePn turned down the President taid i
m . I. MnMn A v.
the United States that
administrative and JudYdal" affair
that the American Minister remain
Within his dlnlomatlo function. mA
within his diplomatic functions and
not mmrvm to olH V. . .. m -i i
"'2 uiiiiuiniiLiu tuiiuLiuun anu
not serve to a d tha tm.lv offlnll.
'n conflict with the government;
completely "at the mercy or the
" -v....v.w. j av mo luciuy ui mo
caprices and absolute arbitrariness
o the financial adviser. I
(Continued on page 6.)
umns against Dver but t"h
shocUtTNegro Pres. .earn.
n th0 "'st Of authority that after
Owens' cause seemed hopelessly lo.tjr",e'r of Tne Dallas News.
tne owner of the paper he '"writes i
for" gave order, to Gilliean to call j
off the fight that was being waged
against the ticket that wa. assured
of w'"nlng and that Managing Editor
trilllean on his own responsibility re
fused tO desert tha mun'a .t.nil.
i ?d' but announced that soon after
were to work out some Ideas in 1
newspaper work for which he had"
been arranging for many years. Sine, i
executive secretary of that political
organisation, handling for both th.
race press and tne whit, papers Its
nT.i i"i. " m. "IL"'-" i. V,I.V IT I
n,r w" nothing to alv out now.
BISHOPS' COUNCIL MEETS THERE IN FEBRUARY, 1921
The Republican Party Is
JEANS-SLATER FUND SUPERVISORS ADDRESS MEETING.
WORKERS FROM ALL PARTS OF STATE DISCUSS BETTER
METHODS, THRIFT, INTER-RACIAL RELATIONS. FORM
INTER-SCHOLASTIC LEAGUE WITH UNIVERSITY OF TE
AS. CHOOSE DALLAS AS NEXT PLACE OF MEETING.
L B. KINCHION, NEW PRESIDENT.
By N, W. Harllee. the white had saved $6000.00 In a
Houston, Texas, Dec. 2. The thirty 1 single season, while that of the Col
sixth annual session of the Colored ored school had saved through Its
Teachers' Association assembled In Thrift Bank?, in a short time 1694.02.
the city of Houston on Thanksgiving with a president, cashier, teller, and
Day; Eight hundred teachers of every the like, all the officers being chll
rank from the collesre nrealdnnt tn (Iran In thA tifiAi f .at ,-
i I!?8 humblest rural teacher attended,
' H W" an..'mP.ln?u siht. to ,eS for
, the first time in the history of the
i me nrsi time in tne history of the
: mi many teacners in at-
tendance. A majority of these teach-
era were between the ages nf twenty
flu. .nH tt,l.fir.Au. ...... rot... - -
- ...... .f-rv yems. xiio worn-
en were in the majority. A few men
were above the ages of fifty and six -
ty years, and a still fewer between
, sixty-five and seventy; while a large
iiumuer wi younger persons were in witn Hon. H. c. Caldwell, Field See
the class of twenty to twenty-five, retary, presiding. Forty teachers were
Many promising young men were In, present in this conference, 24 from
attendance. - . Louisiana- and 20 from Texas. J. S.
Nine Hundred Dollars Collected. Jones, a Colored man la the agent
Nine hundred dollars was collected. I for the Rosenwald Fund and has
In this age of money getting, we are charge of its chief disbursement. Miss
f pt.i.to.i mea"ur!u the strength of an Maggie Nance Riggold is supervisor
Institution by the dollar mark. Nine of Negro Industrial training for girls,
hundred dollars Is the highest amount Mrs. L. B. Cash of Pittsburg, was an
ever collected In any one session. A, active worker and directress of the
balance around $500.00 Is on hand. conference, a W. Houston and Prof
i !thA ""drd Members Enrolled. Clayton, also took part In the con
tight hundred teachers enrolled ference. The information set forth
rrom the fields of active teaching. In the conference showed that much
These teachers had made their nh. efficient nrorir h.t . nu
Ject to realise what benefit. If any,
from the council of the others who
had experience along many lines.
The educational department at Aus
tin will be informed that the Col-
oreo Teachers Association puts it
self on record against uncleanliness
In examinations and appoints a com-1
mittee to wait on the state depart-
ment of Education asking that Col-
orej men be allowed to conduct Siim-J
miM men no niiownn lu cuniiuw. pim-H
''mer normal examinations, promising i
t, T Tir.. K"V..V.
ness. Inter-Scholastic League marks
a new beeinnlnu- for - inter.rii
work to co-ordinate with the Univer- I
itv r.t TavBm n .i,.
urecH for o.ir ehiMren a mn,it.:
" : . . T
oa to wait on the railroad
.-loners to lay before them!
ievances and Door accommo-1
Npenkrr Deliver , Ad
dresses. Dr. James H. Dillard. President of i
.1... T.an.til.tA. I.-. . n n .1 ,1 1 I.
teachers and citizens. His message
wii a vital one InsDirlna- the teach-1
Ing with the thought nf the new ;
wakening In the evolution of edu-
,'- nuuBe", me su-
Pervlsor of, Negro Rural schools of
Tcxas' a,8 delivered a notable ad-
dre"- Hon. Fred T. Wilson delivered
address stressing and contrasting
fhy'a. education, the Ornamental
nousers, me bu-
nu murKeiHuia eaiicaiion. ins aa-i
" wen receivea.
The Thrift llal.lt Is Presented
Mrs.. Portia Washington Pittman.
representing the Federal Reserve
IBank, laid before the teachers the
plan of organizing thrift banks for
savings In the schools both in the
city and ln the rural districts. The
Plans and models were received. Mrs.
Pittman stressed the lmnortancs nf
the Juvenile Federal Thrift Banking
t'uiJiin ui ma
and the lesson in nm Pt i on 1 1 f f thnt
taught, showing how that two
schools ln Dallas, one white school
Annual Convention of Negro
The annual convention of the Tex-
as Congress of Mother, and Parent-
Teachers' Association for Negro
Woman nrhlh ... 1 .!.. ,1,.
Women, which was in session at the
1u-,,nn.AH A ti . i i. 1 i
wuimi, wiiiuii wns in ocsniun ui m
Muncrer luB.na Ilantl.t ri....nti In-
week, was brought to a close Frl-
flav witn a mass meeting in which
ij wnii c uianii niruiiiiK 111 WHICH
final business for the coming year
, Mrs. W. F. Benton of Fort Worth
newly elected president presided at
the Friday session, In which an open
discussion of the subject, "The Child's
World, the Home, the School and
the Church," was held by the entira ,
An Interesting program was pre- '
sented by the children of the Home
Makers' Industrial snd Trade School. Charleston, W. Va.. Dec. 2. When
SL.wl? ril?- J0"le. frler5 Hall I. Mrs. Rose Blaney's hand slipped a.
president This school has drawn the ,. ... , . . '
attention of Pallas civic workers for "he WR" attempting to take the cylln-
the splendid work It has done for the dcr P,n from a '.22 calibre revolyer,
'mm"-0 L1'a t.te.clt5'' Th? ner tinT PuI,(d the trigger, and a
white citizens pledged their support hti(.t .k ... 7 Z
to' the Institution, and among the nun" from the weapon was sent
members of Its board of managers crashing into the head of her hus-
Mayor Frank Wozencraft. Mrs. band, James Blaney. making a hole
Robert is chairman; Mrs. Ira W. -. th. -. f , . . ,. ,
Hlir-lnhotham is secretary and Mrs. , base of his Ieft ear h 'y
C T. Woodward of S. M. TT. treasur- "'cplng near her Sunday morning,
ev. Other members sre Mesdames r The bullet wound proved fatal, and
K.rk'UHka'l,.JE Mp.THu'rne?; iSndS T T CC'-
m P. Kneed M. T Pn.nii nd n w dont occurred. He never regained
tlon will be held at the slme nlaee
end time a? the whltf I woSi coS-
vpntlon, which has not yet been set
rYll . VI r mmm T . M . J 11.. IS....
j ne rtev. w. r i.ortus or the Mun-
uer avenue rsaptist t:nurcn wa. . . , iL
elected chairman of the .dvlsory When summoned before th. coro
board of' the organisation. It wa. ncr's Jury, Mrs. Blaney made the
ntVar tVt'ea'ch thSta 1 !W"lf.: b?'b
I will observe.
The association was orgnnlced In
lflOR under tha direction of Mrs. Hall,
retiring president, who will give all
her time and energle. to the Indus
According to another resolution
passed at the last session Friday the
anniversary of the founding of th.
Slate Congress of Mothers will be
observed on Sept. 17 of each year
parents' day on the last Friday be-
i in turn year
J , '.""""7 a ,Ri,
bcfore Te Independence Day,
Th-nkscli-lns' and last Friday
. Texa. Tndenandanca riav
STKriTtrt POPt'I,TIO OF nal.TI-
MOKR In 10N11MI may liKiutiti
siiiu is iowo Mil ,,KI OHT'
ngton. lis-. Z. The . Negro
Th Increase nf the Negro pnpula-
per cent, while tho Increase of whit.. I
The Ship, All Site Is The
THE DALLAS EXPRESS, DALLAS, TEXAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER, 4, 1920.
more of these banks she said that
W may teHch the higher lessons of
life. Mrs. Pittman who was trained
life. Mrs. Pittman who was trained
in me leaaing conservatory in Berlin
Germany, favored the teachers with
. Conference of the Jean-huDrrvlslna-
i , , . i
a musium selection.
1 On Tuesday, the 24th a conference
of the Jean-Klnter nn.ni.n. ..u..
were held in the Carnegie Library
ed' In the schools under auspices of
the Jean, , Slater and Rosenwald
On Thursday morning a public re
ception was accorded the teachers
?PV3! Z,,t aorle1 he wteherx"
L" ,tte -Trl.n.lty. p. Church. W. J.
? , af laB5?r ,or ,treHe.mon.,e," an3
fv pray0e,raitb1r- K; u .i'lKht8 .,fonow?d
V? p'ectipn from the pupils of the
r ...... , " . , r - - .......
F. C. Richardson delivered the wel
7? .l J' "J." ocnooi. juaiiop
?Ze'Jn Kplace ' the Mayor
wh" cu'd not be present. Prof. J.
iJ Kyani P.nclpal of the high school.
"fiivprea me aaaress or welcome In
behalf of the Teaching Profession.
Vn f-n "Ti.f Thnll 1.' . . V. .. . 1
T ' j,; w V, ' a!;
?'and. hy PartrudS Lewls-Blrdwell.
In . behalf of the church Dr. Brown.
welcomed the Association." Inflama-
iu uj vYtMiey intiper cnoir. uiner
musio selections by Mr. and Mrs.
Sledge, and Miss Hughes.
i-i.i v a n.
7 " "
pr,-iHont V a nnj ., . ,
. re'"dent E- Holland said In
J. .: ... ....
" t 8tate Tea"h
rr.iin- if V. wi.u i, .
ii.ii hiiA,11. keenst .T
ht t Kn-'f h at" "X f KratJ"
'id b;'n y0" the"e word?
?' ''"S, aIJd'r",0l chf,?, In rJRBid
?a hf ' S2d.U,!i-,0?
We are passing through the most
unusual period of our country's bis-
torv Mou nnri u.vi rir n K 1 urn m
everywhere In evidence, a new .a.
clal order, a new public conscience,
a new life, a new religion, constitute
our inheritance from the world's
greatest war. There is no parallel In
the annals of history that will eld
n. In tin. ariiuntmont of lifA tn v.A
new nrrier of thlnira
The problems which vexed us lm-
meuiuLeiy lonuwing me war oe-
tw.n th. Ktatea 010 nnt ow ,.K
lems now. A new country has evolved
with new rnsnnnfllhlHtlefi with nw
l was 151,687 or 32 per cent
The Negro population of Cincinnati
wss announced by the bureau as 29.
f!36, an increase of 0,097 or SO. per
cent in the last decade. The total
white population was S71, S40, an in
crease of 27.621 or 8 per cent.
The Negro population of Louisville,
Ky decreased 404, or one-tenth of
one per cent during the decade, the
Ngroe's' iTthec Uy thi tear'Val'
ing 40 118 The white 000111101
" S' 1 n? Wnite popUIOtlOl
was 194 737 an increase of 11 347 or
- 11 " "U.rena OI il.dff or
was 194 737
i Shoots Husband by Accident;
Is Set Free.
consciousness, efforts of the phy.l-
rlan" to rev,ve hlm Paving futile,
following the death of Blaney. Mrs.
Blaney was placed under temporary
Was . norter flit ?ha Phoaannaba and
Ohio station. Early Sunday morning,
ho left work and arrived home about
7:30. I was awaked at the time and
prepared breakfast. Fqllowlng the
meal, he lay down In the bedroom,
and went to sleep.
Shortly afterwards, I went Into
the room, and seeing that the re
volver which is usually kept under
ine dpi nao supped rrom its place,
t . . . . . - . '
ifcmc"r 11 "p- '"J1" attempt to take
"" . ,", """" ,' "tract,
,h cartrldgcn from the cylinder.
my finger slipped and th. triggsr
Exonerated br Cramer's Jnrv.
r "1 Mrs. George Lawson, In
whose, home they lived, told of hav
ing seen the couple at breakfast
and stated they appeared to b. happy
nd at no time had there been
trouble between them. Others of the
neighborhood who rushed in after the
shooting testlflud In the mn tenor.
The result was a verdict thut Illaney
nan onen accioentiy aiuea, arm ins
wife w exonerated from .11 blame.
sources, a new world power, having;
business relations with every civil
ized country upon th. face of the
' . It has been said that the cruel
war out of which this transition has
grown, was waged in the work-shops
and laboratories of Europe and Am
erica. There the death dealing imple
ments of war and the powerful ex
plosives and poisonous gases which
laid waste fields, raised cities, des
troyed commerce, and Wasted hu
man life were manufactured. The
world's future wars will be fought
largely in the schoolrooms, with you,
fellow teachers, as the commanders-in-chief.
The conflict between widely
different Ideals, such as were held
by the great powers at the out-break
of the war will not, Indeed cannot
reapper. Notwithstanding those
Ideals reflected the kind of training
that had been given to the 'children
for many years. Statesmen tell us
It was a triumph for democracy,
life in pursuit of objectives.
Thus, the doctrine of our existence
that the nation may be Is no longer
tangible, but rather the nation must
exist that we may be. I am happy
to remind you that this new philoso
phy of life is already finding ex
pression In both publlo and private
schools throughout the land. His
tory, Mathematics and English are
already being made ever In the light
of the new theory of training.
The life and growth of a nation'
are dependent upon the educational
development of Its citizens. In a
government such as ours, where the
powers of government' originate
with the governed, it is Indeed es
sential that the niAMAB mm Ul.ll mm
the classes be enlightened. The foun
dPtl'.n for this must be laid In the
A. nation may turn to Its colleges
snd universities tor Its leaders, the
men of thought and action, who
point the way to prosperity and na
tional security, but the university
must in turn, look to the public
schools for the raw product out of
which to mould the character and
manhood which ultimately lead the
The combined educational systems
of the states make the educational
system of the nation. The large
number of schools, Including teach
ers, pupils, and officials, constitutes
the state school system. It Is In
these Interests are centered. our
interests are centered, our hopes are
placed. It Is with view to bettering
mm. wno we travel rrom ail parts
of this great state ln crowded un
sanitary apartments, forgetting the
lack of personal comfort in our zeal
for the task before us. .
It is here we are directing the
iiuiiirens inclinations and Interest in
what they should become ln llfo;
teaching them that they have a place
and a work In life, and what that
place In society Is; manipulating
their environments in a way to form
correct habits of thought and act
Ion; training them to think the
the thoughts and do the things which
folks who live as we want to live
must think and do. More, better ex
pressed the same thought when he
said, "that the ultimate end of all
(Continued on page 5.)
Ft. Worth Man Shoots Wife,
; Mother And Self.
Fort NWorth,' Texas, Dec. 2. Brlt
ton Cogswell, Negro, is dead, his wife,
Klla Cogswell, lies at the point of
death, and his mother-in-law, Fannie
Hanks, is suffering from a bullet
wound In the hip following a shoot
ing at Arizona and Hnttie streets and
nt Ruth street and Missouri avenue,
Thursday about 2:30 o'clock.
Cogswell, witnesses anld did ih.
.shooting at Arizona and Hattle
streets and then ran to his room in
the rear of a house at Ruth street
and Missouri avenue and fired a bul
let from sn automatic pistol Into his
own head. The bullet entered just
behind the right ea.
According to Negi-oes who knew
Cocswell and the two women, there
lind been trouble between hlm and
his wife, and they had been separat
ed. The wife was taken to St. Jo
seph's Infirmary In an ambulance of
the Union Undertaking Company and
the mother-in-law was taken to the
City-County Hospital in an ambu
lance of the People's Undertaking
company, tin" was removed to her
home later. Her wound Is not con
sidered serious. An Inquest over the
body of Cogswull wss held by Justice
of the Peace Emmett Moore.
UAKt J,OSK Afl AI?f IJT WILLIAMS'
Montgomery. Ala., Pec. 2. Alaba
ma banks lost again Tuesday In the
suit from Montgomery County In
volving the system of returning
checks to customers at the end of
each, month without the retention of
any evidence that the . funds bave
been disbursed on the order of the
customers. The court of appeals over
ruled the application for rehearing
filed by the First National Bank of
Montgomery in the case In whlcb
Mrs. Amanda Williams, Colored, ob
tained a Judgment for $301).
The suit Is of far-reaching Im
portance to banks throughout the na
tion and has attracted much atten
tion among hanks and banking as
sociations. .Mrs. Williams deposited
?(W in the First National Bank and
two or three years later called at
the bank for the amount The bank
Informed her that the money had ai
res bsen withdrawn. Its records I
showed the account balanced., but It i
t . . . I twyt . 1 .
iiru nu iuriiir vnnrnce. inn encrna
on which the money was supposed
to have been paid had been returned
se-eordlpg to the hank's allegation.
Th. Jury pave the woman a Judgment
for the full amount.
If tho decision Is sustained by the
s.ipremc court it will hi necessary
for Alabama banks to rstsln all
cheeks evidence of payment or re
quire oHch customer to give a re
ceipt for each cancelled check.
KU KLUX KLAN DENIES ANY SHARE IN
ROBERT LOWE ACQUITTED
OF SERIOUS CHARGE IN FT.
Jury Out For Sixteen Hours
Before Acquittal Decided
Upon. Spirited Away After
Fort Worth. Texas, Dec 2. Robert
Lowe, lt-year-old Negro, regained
hi. freedom th. hand, of a jury her.
Thursday, but left Forf Worth, ln an
automobile loaded with Deputy Sher
iffs chosen by Sheriff Sterling; , p.
Clark to guarantee hla fraadon.
long as ne is in Tarrant County. At!
noon the Jury In the Criminal Dis
trict Court returned a verdict de-!
daring that Low. wa. not guilty of!
the charge of criminally assaulting!
aieina snipper, 10-year-old white girl
of Arlington. The, child wa. assaulted
near th. stock pen. near her ..home
In East Arlington about (:16 o'clock
on' the evening of Nov. 1, while she
was returning home from a market
door n .. if ... oro"nt to the
aoor or the hold-over cell todav tha
dlcT hamhn and "port that a vir!
diet had been reached. The verdict
tttn'lne 'inht i
tre.r,hom yh,le half- dsen depu"
r.?,.hve7:d .yfcr ..hlm'. When the
we inQ jurv. find thA
Snewfd,ant noJ- a Ba"ty- the Den,.??
throiiih .Phirh5d the1!: cnara back
.nl?! the door and to tho north
oi.iV J""- wnere an auto-
nlng. aWaIteJ Vlth the motoc run.
r,.nlk'f.fK Ster,.na- P." Cl'ark accom
Pn'ed. ,the P"-ty, which set out im
mediately in the direction of Den
?d Z?JhrL tor Low
, ' ..juiviii. me youin toi
go to the borne of his grandfather.
A damp, drlzr.ling Thanksgiving I
Day gave splendid cover for the Tsplr
thmS away of th8 Neero. Not n
tha n i "C0T.e of n,en wpre "round
the J.rHT'r"' Court" "''llriniT when
the verdict was returned. Thev were
?h.mL Bro"P that had lingered
about the corridors all of the morn"
ing. A few of the small crowd that
heard the verdict today were from
Arlington, where the crime was com
mitted, and where an effort wa.
made to take him from officers. I
Extraordinary precautions have
been taken by Sheriff Sterling P.
i J"r,k J the beginning of the
and i?lx o?r .riV D,,P"ty Sheriffs
.and the Sheriff himself were on
hy. .SuaV,!n, tho Negro, from the
hour the trial opened. He sat ln the
court-room surroundod on three sides
by Deputy Sheriffs, and the onlv
time he was more than two pace's
from nl. protectors was when he wa.
in the witness chair, and at times
when he was called by his counsel
to stand before the witnesses. !
When Lowe was In the witness
stand there came a hissing sound
rrom the crowded . courtroom, and
Judge Hosey gave a stern warning
that swift punishment would be me- ,
ted out to any one detected In the
act of provoking disorder. Through
out the remainder of the trial, per-t
feet quiet order reigned.
The three days of taking the tes-'
timony. selecting a Jury, and listen
ing to the arguments were strenuous,
and Judge Hosey showed plainly the
severity of the strain when the case
was given into the hands of the
Jury after 6 o'clock last night
Tho defense could not establish an
absolute allhl for their client, but
sought to show that It would have
been Impossible for Lowe to have
committed the crime. I
..v 1 . "J m i-n n u . nan limit up
around a confession made in the of
fice of the District Attorney here
i'""n imys alter me crime was com
mitted. In that confession Lowe des
cribed the crime snd the clothes the
child wore. That It was made volun
tarily wa. declared on the witness
stand by Assistant District Attorney
Will Park, who took the confession'
and conducted the prosecution, by
Morris Salsberg, Deputy .Sheriff, and'
by Joe Stak. a newspaper man. Ver- :
nal confession, were made to the ;
Rev. J. T. Bryan, pastor of the Mis
souri Avenue Methodist Church here, '
and Will Hlett of Arlington on the
day after the assault was committed,
according to their testimony.
N Middle Ground.
Attorney, in th. case saw nrt mid-
Speech of American Radical at Moscow
Meeting Urges Work Among Negroes.
Washington, Deo. 2. Union o f the
American Negroe. with the radical
elements of all nations to further the
cause of world Soviets was urged be
fore the Moscow meeting of the com
munist International at urhlh
Jenlne and Trotsky spoke, by the
late American radical and magazine
writer, John Reed, according to the .
text of hla speech, received here in
official dispatches from Russia.
Describing the position of the Ne
gro In the United States, especially
In the Southern states, as "terrible,"
Heed declared the Negro offers a two
fold opportunity to the spread of
communism in this country, first, a
strong race and social movement,
and, second, a strong proletarian
movement. Itaee consciousness has
steadily Increased among the Negroes.
he said, "a certain section of whom i
are now carrying on a propaganda
in favor of armed revolt against the
whites," and socialistic Ideas are
rapidly developing among tha black,
employed In Industrial establishment
Whits and Negro labor In both the
Northern and Southern part, of the
country must be Jolnnd in common
labor unions. Reed proposed, aa the
quickest way to destroy race preju
dice and develop class solid. rlty. Un
til recently Negroes, "were not admit
ted to membership In the maturity
of union, which comprise what Is
known .. th. American Federation
YOU'LL BE SORRY IF YOU DOJtT
ENTER OUR GREAT PRIZE
PER ANNUM 93.00.
rRICB TEN CENTS.
Imperial Wizard Says: Mem
bership Not Lbited to
Atlanta. Doc. 2. In Justice done th.
modern Knight, of th. Ku Klux
Klan, whether Intentionally or be
cause of ignorance of th. fact,
through published report, that tht.
organisation wa. Identified with
night rider, and gin burner, and wa.
terrorizing Negroe. throughout the
.South ha. teacted ln favor of th.
Klan, according to' Col. William J.
Simmon.. Imperial Wlsard of th.
Knight, of the Ku Klu Klan.
Col. Simmons say. that sine,
these reports wer. published hi. of
fice has been swamped with letter,
from all .ectlon. of the county, many
In the affair, of the nation, and om.
or them .from leader, in both th.
Democratic and the Republican par-
. "K.mif meir belief in th.
Kh! i' purP" ot the Ku-
ter. Cof ? many f theaa tot
ter. Col. Simmons I. asked a. to re
ports that Ku Klux Klan !, a ac
tional' . organisation-thai lt cc"p .
none but Southern men .. me
In thl. connection Col. Simmon, .ay..
cltUeT' whUVt ,rn Wh,te American
no tl ",lntWh we" glanc. to
ports that th. 'a e,mmons the re
none but 8outh "r1d?SK.laB rr"f
that it Is deslifiied a. . m Iihe fact
morlal to and bear, th. Jtt"tln-me"
nrlglnal Klan of ?hl 6 name the
period, which wss . "ncUon
fled With Southern h? .clo"el Identi
the civil war " hl,torr following
mon,,;t .!vheen 'J?Y'U Col. sim
composed onuJlfv if "i1"!.1" "t
On the contrary manvS"thprV ,np"'
fifties to flv? and Ahan"al'. ,n th
rank of ,;re,g1(e,ry-Ga.n2ra.08e t0 th8
membership Includes leadfng Repub!
ft":ra foi'".."1 a time.
preservaUon ''?" nd or1" the
preservation of peace wllh honor."
ill Tnd- Th. defense counsel and
of .a8Lr.B.cd. th? brief that
...jui nnuuia De ror a death
penalty or for acquittal. MarvlS
Simpson and William Myres attor-Sere,,iaP,,h,-lnd
by Jj" Hosev'To
funds to hiefT.0' Who WR without
nZt ?n th 1Htt2rneV. were as em
iL ,n their denunciation of th.
crime a. were Will Parker. Robber?
who hnnra!?d William H. Tobert
Th ,Ht'!dlBd ,he, ca,", for the Stated
Tr.datt.hr'!cy''w ?r the defense de
clared their belief that Low. had
oT... provn, "tlrely Innocent of th.
crime and pleaded for an acquittal.
Eight Ballot. Taken.
Eight ballot. 'were taken before a
verdict was reached. The first bal
lot taken last night showed seven
votes for conviction and five for
acquittal. The first ' three ballot,
stood that way, and. on th. fourth,
the majority swung over In favor of
acquittal, the count standing four
to eight. Only three Jurors voted for
the fifth and sixth ballots, and on
ncqulttal wa. reduced to one.
The Jury wa. out for more than
sixteen hours, and at no time .ought
to be discharged. Holden said that
.y fept on voting away In the be
lief that a verdict would finally b.
reached. Before the seventh ballot
about 10 o'clock, the Jury was allow
ed to go for a brief walk.
of Labor," be .aid. '
"The communist, must not,' how
ever, stand aloof from th. Negro
movement for social and political
equality, which" 1. developing so rap
Idly at the present time among th.
Negro masses." Reed told the meet
ing. "Communists must avail them
selves of this movement ln order to
prove th. emptiness of bourgeois
equality and the nesessity for a so
cial revolution, not only to liberate
all laborers from slavery, but also
as being the only effective means of
liberating the oppressed Negro peo
Describing the status of the Ne
gro In America, Reed asserted that
despite the . constitutional rln';J to
the ballot In the Southern states. Ne
groes were killed If they dared to
exercise this right and that the une
of separate schools, hotels and thea
tres existed ln all par.ts of the
"This separation of the Netrro from
the white Is called the Mlm Crow'
system Is In operation," Reed declar
ed. Organization of th. foreign labor
In the United States for revolt and
the co-ordination of rfuiicaliHiii in
North .nd South Amc-lca Into a sin
gle movement was atlvocnied at the
same mcctina; by Louis KritliiH, s'i--retary
of the communist of-'v f
ailliirlc. .CVi'pliila to U.e dl .iilti he.
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