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The Dallas express. [volume] (Dallas, Tex.) 1893-1970, December 11, 1920, Image 1

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PER ANUM 8.00.
Founded by W. E. King.
The Republican Party Is The Ship, All Else Is The Sea" Fred Douglas.
pa f9
Li L
WashinKton, D. C. Deo. 7. The race
trouble In Florida on laat election day
may prove an entering wedge for
Congressional Investigation of voting
conditions In many Southern itatei.
What la probably the most seathing
denunciation of these methods with
an appeal for Congressional action In
regard to them Is that of George
Lockwood, editor of the National Re
publican In a current Issue of recent
Mr. Lockwood says:
The present Congress will be grave-
ly derelict in duty If It should fall to
Institute a searching Investigation of
the crimes, frauds and gross Injustices
characterizing the federal elections in
Florida and other Solid South states
on November 2nd.
Let It not be said that the Congress
of the t'nitad- States Is sensitive to
election and primary abuses north of
the Ohio, but that It lacks the sense
and the sand tn probe Into the loud
smelling rottenness of the practices
perpetrated bv the Southern Demo
cratic oligarchy In a number of the
Solid South states.
Oklahoma rolled up a Republican
majority only In the face of obstacles
placed In the way by the Democratic
machine which would have halted
anything but an earthquake.- Tn that
state, as In others controlled by the
Democratic oligarchy, the reglstra
. tion machinery Is In the hands ex
clusively of the reigning autocracy.
Registration was refused to thousands
of voters. In one Oklahoma precinct
the registrar secreted himself from
the Republican voters until cornered
by a posse of Republican women,
whereupon he resigned, and a second
register chosen by the oligarchy went
through the same performance. A
delegation of indignant Republican
women called on the county registrar
to come to the neighborhood and per
mit the Republican women to regis
ter. Ho pleaded lack of time until an
Indian Republican accompanying the
delegation pulled a six-shooter, and
beckoning fhe registrar Into the
waiting automobile, said: "White man
better accept white lady's invitation."
This Incident was typical of hundreds
which happened In a state that was
so honeycombed with Democratic dis
affection that many of the ilans to
loot the ballot boxes were thwarted
through the refusal of patriotic hon
est Democrat to carry out orders.
Even a last moment order to steal
ten votes to the precinct throughout
the state was disregarded in many
In the state of Florida the oper
ations of the red-shirt, rough neck,
Ku Klux Democratic machine was ac
companied not only . by fraud, theft,
chicanery and all round crookedness,
but by wholesale murder. In Duval
county, whore Jacksonville, the chief
city of the state is located, 48.000
votes were registered. But 22.000
persona were permitted to vote
through delays deliberately arranged.
Republican voters were held up, while
those who cast the machine ballot had
no difficulty In voting. At one poll
ing place two thousand - registered
Maurice Mays Will Get New
Nashville, Tenn., Dec. t. The Ten
nessee supreme court in session at
Nashville Saturday banded down an
opinion in the case of the state vs.
Maurice Mayes which was appealed
from the Knox county criminal court,
the supreme Judges ruling In effect
that, the trial Judge erred In falling
to charge the Jury trying the case
that In event they found Maya guilty
of murder In the first degree, it
would bo their duty to fix. hla pun
ishment. A recent statue , required
formality, and Judge Nelson charged
the Jury under the old statute. The de
fense, composed of Attorneys Reuben
L. Cates. W, F. Yardley and I C.
Houk cited this as "an, error in its
bill of exceptions.
The crime with which Maurice Maya,
a young Colored man who then re
sided In this city, was accused was
the killing of Mrs. Bertie Lindsay,
white, on the night of the last Friday
in -August, 1919. Mrs. Lindsay was
. sleeping with her cousin, a young
woman at the Lindsay home In the
norther part of the city. Near one
o'clock at night the younger woman
was awakened by the sobbing of Mrs,
Lindsay and saw a searchlight play
ing about the bed and a voice com
manded silence under the threat of
death. Mrs. Lindsay screamed and was
shot by the intruder, dying almost
The Intruder escaped through the
rear of the house and when the po
lice were notified, suspicion pointed
to Maurice Mayes and he was ar
rested at home in bed and charged
with the murder. Mayes' failure to
establish an alibi up to a certain
time withiai the time the crime was
committed and upon the statement of
the cousin of Mrs. Lindsay that she
recognized Mayes as the man who
' fired the shot, he was convicted and
sentenced t" electrocution.
The night following the arrest of
Mayes and after he had hern rushed
to Chattanooga by Sheriff Cats,- who
feared trouble, a mob formed, at the
lower end of the city market and
marched on the Jail. Not holmr aatih
fled with the assurance lven them
that Mayea was not In the Jail,, they
dynamited the Jail, destroyed prop
erty and committed depredations in
general throughout the city, ni sesslt
atlng the calling of a company of
state militia to take charge of af
fairs. The Negro cltixansniD did n"t
suffer at the hands of the mob, but
the hostile attitude of th soldier
who patrolled the streets was the
cause of a storm of protests not only
from the Negroes ttumsolvej, ut
many of the white cltixens.
Mayes has been confined In a death
cell at the state prison alnce hla con
viction and has atoutly maintained his
Innocence of the crime with which
he la charged.
voters were thus left standing at the
polls at the close of the day, at
another sixteen hundred were thus
dis-franchised; at another, 700; at
another, 600. In 22 of 32 precincts
In the county there were lines of reg
istered voters awaiting an opportun
ity to vote when the polls were
closed. The arrangement for the
over-crowding of the precinct was de
liberately arranged by the red-shirt
machine. There was a close working
understanding between the county
sheriff, sworn and paid to enforce the
laws, and the election officials tn this
lawlessness. The sheriff ordered a
photographer who was taking a pic
ture of the waiting line of disfran
chised voters to break the plate, and
arrested him when he refused to do
so. Persons who objected to- the
procedure were told that if they wish
ed to keep their health they should
keep their mouths shut. The laws of
Florida state that no one shall take
any memorandum in the booth, but
the sheriff of the county gave out
Huts of candidates with the names of
the Democratic candidates marked.
On the Florida ballot no party em
blems are permitted, and the names
of candidates aro mixed with vlew
to confusing the voters.
The reputable citizen of Jacksonville
who furnishes this Information says:
"If you publish this do not disclose
my name as I am trying, to make
things better here, and do not want
to die yet."
No member of Congress whose title
to officii Is clouded by such practices
as this should be permitted to take
his seat. This Is no mere matter of
partisan politics, but Is a question of
right and wrong, of free government,
and of common honesty. A large ma
jority of, the white people of Florida
are Republicans. This Is true of a
half dozen other Solid South states.
Only by force, fraud. Intimidation and
legal trickery ore Democratic plu
ralities created even though not a
Negro voted south of the Mason and
Dixon line. It Is. a fact not generally
known that Southern election laws
and practices disfranchise more white
people than black, and that the race
cry Is mere camouflage to cover pro
copillnsrs Intended to destroy the pos
sibility of government by a majority
of the white people or me soutn.
It Is the duty of the present Con
gress to appoint a special commit
tee to investigate the general feder
al elections of 1920 in the Solid South.
They should further investigate the
disfranchising election and registra
tion nlnct ion Uwi and practices with
a view of knowing what portion of
the electorate In these states has been
eliminated, to the end that hereafter
Democratic machine politicians may
not sit In Congress and the electoral
college, representing hundreds of
thousands of votes whose existence Is
derled at home, but claimed at wasn
Ington as a basis of embezzled power.
This should be done not In the Inter
ests of the Republican party but to
the end that government by the whole
people of the states dominated by the
political autocracy soon to be ousted
nationally may be restored In the
great states thus denied a Republican
form of government.
Jack Johnson Knocks
Out Boxer In Prison.
Leavenworth. Kan., Dec. 7. Jack
Johnson, former heavyweight boxing
title holder, made his first ring ap
pearance in the United States since
he fled his native country seven
years ago, when he met two oppo
nents Thanksgiving as a feature event
of a- boxing show staged In the open
air at the federal prison here.
It was the general opinion of news
paper men and boxing critics at the
ringside that Johnson is In very good
condition and still retains much of
his cleverness and punching ' power.
Johnson knocked out Frank Owens,
a Negro of Chicago! In the last round
of a six-round bout, and after a few
minutes Intermission took on a fresh
opponent In the person of "Topeka
Jack" Johnson also a Negro, for four
rounds. "Topeka Jack" was badly
In the first bout Frank Owens, who
weighed around 230 pounds, was
knocked down twelve times, his ox
Ilk e bulk hitting the canvas seven
times in the sixth round, the final
punch, a terrific left book to the Jaw,
sending him down and out.
Jack Una Injured Hand.
Before entering the ring Johnson
exhibited to newspaper men an abras
ion on the right hand, which he said
had been caused by an accident dur
ing a workout In the gymnasium. It
was apparent during the Owens bout
that the ex-champlon rarely used his
right hand in heavy punching. He ex
plained after the fight that this fact
together with Owens' holding tactics,
prevented him finishing Owens early
In the bout. Owens took the aggres
sive in the first round and reached
Johnson's face several times, one
punch slightly cutting his lip. Be
yond this, Owens' punches had little
effect on the former champion, and
at the finish of the bout Johnson
seemed as fresh as when he started.
The four rounds with "Topeka
Jack" Johnson was a sparring match.
Jack" is clever and about the form
er champion's size. At times he set
a fast pace, but the former champion,
too. speed up and gave a clever ex
hibition of blocking and hitting.
Johnson found time In the clinches
to exchange quips with the rlngslders,
and his famous "golden smile." flash
ing over his opponent's ahoulder, waa
much In evidence.
2000 Witness Routs.
Four contests of four rounds each
between Inmates of the prison pre
ceded the main event. Two thousand
prisoners yelled Justly for their re
spective favorites, and several hun
dred special guests present on Invi
tation of the Warden witnessed the
Thanksgiving Day show. High up in
a tower on the prison wall a motion
picture camera ground out films of
the afternoon events.
Jack Johnson began serving a sen
tence of a year and a day In the
prison September 19 for violation of
the Mann act. Conditioned on pood
conduct he can bs released July (,
Among the many men of distinction who will be the guest of Dallas,
when the Council of Bishops assemble here early in February will be this
noted divine. He will respond to one of the addresses of welcome. Dr.
Eamson is one of the greatest scholars of the race and has few equals
anywhere as an orator. f
He was selected to make the race for Congress in the City of New
York and was supported by many of the leading people of that city
among whom was Mrs. Gould.
Dr. Ransom is the Editor of the oldest magazine published in the
race, The A. M. E. Review, which Sjjs classed among the best publica
tions iu. the country.' He has been 'selected as'oiie of the delegates to.
the Ecumenical Conference which meets in London, September, 1921.
The citizens of Dallas will remember that some years ago this gen
tleman "spoke at the Pythian Temple and was given the greatest ovation
of any person that had spoken from that rostrum. The doctor is slated .
for episcopal honors in 1924.
Says Drunken Marines Cause
of Haitian Trouble. .
(By A. N. P.)
Port Au. Prince, Dec. 7. "Eye Wit
ness," the special correspondent of the
Chicago Tribune, who has been giving
careful observations of conditions in
Haiti, has declared that drunkenness
Is at the bottom of most of the trouble
In the republic, but the. drunkenness
Is among the white foreigners, some
officials, and not the natives. His
statement Is most remarkable, nd he
says: '
"After a fortnight of patient and
often disheartening observation of oc
cupation affairs v am convinced that
a great part of the story of our
troubles may be told in three let
to . They are R-U-M.
To an American planter I said:
"l am beginning to think that may
be 60 per cent of all these acandala
are due to drink." i
The answer was "More than 60 per
During a fortnight In this black
republic's capital I have not seen one
black man Intoxicated. All the intoxi
cation has been among white foreig
ners, and snfetlmes even officials.
Col. Russell, commanding the first
provisional brigade of marines, is a
most conscientious officer and cor
rect gentleman.
Order after order Is issued, but the
evil continues- Drinking here 'la
doubly vicious because rum is so po
tont a stuff that it aeems to fly to
the white men's heads almost instan
taneously, with the consequence that
Intense nervousness and Irasclhllty, as
diminished physical resistance,
' mug debated whether to touch on
he matters, but they are so fla
grant that somebody should apeak of
them." ,
Texas Race Bank Statement
Shows Increase in Resources.
Waco, Texas, Dec 7. The
statement of the Farmers' Improve
ment Bank of Waco. Texas, a Negra
Institution shows that Its resource!
total $140,781.80, an Increase of near
ly double its resources of one year
It plans the addition during the
coming year" to add a savings depart
ment whore small time deposits may
be placed to draw interest at 4 per
For the past two years the bank
has been almost solely In charge of
R. C. Smith, cashier and son of Its
founder, R. L. Smith. He Is a certi
fied accountant, highly trained in
business management and has attain
ed signal individual success. He has
associated with him as officers: R. L.
Smith. President: J. F. McGowan,
Vice-President: H. M. Furlow. Asst.
Cashier: H. L. Smith, Secretary of
Board of Directors.
prison authorities say. The former
champion says he Is In fighting trim
right now. and he will go after bouts
on his release from prison.
"I did some boxing during my trav
els," Johnson said, "and have not al
lowed myself to slip. Dodging en
raged bulls In my role as toreador
waa great foot work training. I feel
as young as I did ten years ago, and
when I get out I will be ready to do
some strenuous boxing,"
;y? 'if
Life-term Convict Robs
House and Returns to Jail.
Jefferson City, Mo., Dec. 7. Robert
Henderson, a St Louis, Negro, who is
serving a life-term aentence in the
Penitentiary for murder, was able to
leave the Penitentiary enter a down
ing house some three blocka from the
Penitentiary, occupied by Miss Mary
Knaup and sister and two visitors,
and rob the place of Jewelry valued
at more than $2500, and return to the
prison without being missed. He made
the mistake of 'giving hla plunder to
another Negro convict to keep for
him, and the latter, becoming scared,
went to Warden Porter Gllven today
and gave him the package, saying
that he was suspicious of Its con
tents and he did not. want to get Into
any more trouble than he now has on
his hands. All the Jewelry Includ
ing some family heirlooms, were In
the package and returned to their
The Negro, who has been an In
mate of the Penitentiary for the last
three years,, was a trusty, and every
morning and every night he and the
Negro to whom he confided the Jew
elry sweep out the main prison of
fice and in front of the main en
trance. He slid away from his work
so stealthily last night, and went to
the house he robbed so quickly that
he was not missed. The inmates of
the house were attending a picture
show at the time, and no one was In
the residence. Nothing was disturbed
but the Jewelry.
It Is deemed certain by the prison
authorities that some outside person
employed the Negro to commit the !
robbery and fully posted him where,
he could find tho Jewelry. Being a '
life-term convict. Henderson has noth
ing to fear for the future save losing
his Job as a trusty.
Judge Will Protect Negroes
From Night Riders.
Albany, Ga., Dec. 7. Judge John R.
Wilson of the Dougherty County Su
perior Court today ordered the Grand
Jury convened in special sessions at
10 o'clock Tuesday morning to inves
tigate the recent reign of lawlessness
In the eastern part of the county,
where many Nesrro families have been
driven from tneir names and some in
dividuals have been whipped.
The disorders followed the killing
of J. E. Adams, a Worth County
white man, a week ago. Ophelia Mo
Kelvey, accused of the killing, has
not been apprehended, but Curley Mc
Kelvey, a brother, who witnessed the
crime, was caught by a mob and
Since the lynchlr.? there has been
a good deal of night riding, with
acts of lawlessness against Inoffen
sive and law .abiding Negro families.
Some of the latter took refuge with
white farmers and did not dare re
turn to their homes.
Besides convening the Grand Jury
to make a thorough Investigation
Judgo Wilson Instructed Sheriff Tar
ver to summon as many deputies as
might be needed to police the dis
trict so as to afford protection to the
residents, white and black. He said
he proposed to make It entirely safe
for Negroes to return to their homes
and to remain. The action of Judge
Wilaon Is being commended.
Daughter of Coleridge Taylor
Wins Fame as Musician.
London, Dec 7,' Is music the only
art for which an aptitude can be
transmitted from parent to child? The
question Is raised by tne success, and
still more hy the promise, of Miss
Coleridge -Taylor, the 16-year-old
daughter of the famous Colored com
poser of "Hiawatha." '
A composer herself and a talented
performer on the concert platform.
Miss Coleridge-Taylor's progress so
far suggests that she may yet try to
produce1 a companion work to "Hia
watha." "Ah, If only I could Just for fath
er's sake!" she said to the Weekly
Not that, although she Is ambitious,
she does not realize how long a pe
riod of hard training lies before her.
And, as befitting a daughter of the
great African, who positively hated
the limelight, she Is most reserved as
to her achievements,
"I am too busy studying to devote
much time to composition, she went
on, "but I have started on a trio for
violin, 'cello and piano.
"When I was twelve she added." "I
could not resist tho temptation to
write down the themes that were
passing through my mind, and so I
wrote a little song entitled "Good
bye.' Butterfly." That has been sung
in -London."
"1 have also written several other
songs and pianoforte pieces. Includ
ing a small 'cello work called 'Mem
ories." She is most proud of a soprano song
which bears the title: "Whene'er the
Sun Goos West" Her brother wrote
the poem and she put It to music.
This Joint effort was 'undertaken in
memory of their father.
Negro Census Clerks Being
(By A. N. P.)
Washington, D. C, Dec. 7. Although
there is still plenty of work to be
done In connection with the taking
of the 1920 census, and, as has been
stated. Colored clerks in the Census
Bureau have proved moat proficient
in the operation of the machinos used
in the Census Bureau, word has come
that due to lack of funds, nearly
every one of the Colored clerks In
this bureau has been notified "with
no thought of prejudice, whatever,"
that he is no longer needed. This noti
fication comes within a short period
of tin recent election. .
Birth Rate Greater
Than Whites. '
(By A. N. P.)
Raleigh, N. C Dec 7.-r-For the
first time In the history of vital sta
tistics In North Carolina the Negro
birth rate In the atate for the first
six-months of this year showed a
larger percentage than did the white
birth rate. From January to the end
of June, 1920, there were 13,519 Ne
gro children born in the state, or
33.8 per cent per thousand population
During the same period the white la
more then double the number of Ne
gro births, but the percentage per
thousand population Is only 81.2 as
compared with the 83.8 per cent of tha
Negro births.
Fort -Worth, Texas, Dec 7. The
North Texas African Methodist con
ference, which has been In session
here since last Wednesday, closed
Sunday night Bishop William Decker
Johnson of Plains, Ga.. In assigning
the ministers, told them they were
to preach a gospel of peace, to make
friends for their race
"Any man wno would stir up race
strife, prejudice, antipathy or hatred
Is a dangerous man," said Bishop
Johnson, "and he Is an enemy to
the human race. White men and black
men must dwell togother here In har
mony and peace. We must say good
things about each others and there
mut be a common ground on which I
we can meet to discuss things which I
will help to build up our country. I
am a Southern man, and I know this
Southland, and I believe I am known
by It. Strive at all times to make
friends for yourself and race."
The next session of the conference
will be held' In Bonham. The minis
ters were assigned the follows:
Dallas District.
Rl S. Jenkins, .presiding elder; Beth
el, Dallas, J. H. Smith; St James,
Dallas, C. W, Ablngtnn; Allen Chapel,
Fort Worth, H. S. Stmms; St. Paul,
Pallas, E. D. Bonner; Wesley Chapel,
W. H. Durden; Baker'B Chapel, Fort
Worth, A. R. Starks; Smith's Chapel
0. j. Coleman; Lee's Chapel, J. H.
liufh, West Lemmrn Avenue, Dallat
J. E. Garth; St. Paul and Wheelrock,
S. O. H. Glasgord; St. James, J. A.
Conoy; Bear Creek and Arlington, E.
Monego; Dalworth, G. W. Brown;
Gaines Chapel, A. J. Williams: Car
rollton and Grapevine, H. Bekcr;
ton. to be sufflled; Wichita Falls. J. L.
Johnson; conference president Wom
Ex-President Taft Speaks on
Negro Question.
(By A. N. P.)
Brooklyn, N. Y., Dec 7. Former
President William Howard Taft spoke
on the Race problem at the Academy
of . Music under the auspices of the
Hampton Association of Brooklyn. In
denunciation of race prejudice against
the Jew in the United States.
- "Some antedcluvlan people even now
are trying to revive the persecution
of the Jew tn this country," he de
clared, "and nothing more un-Amorl-can
could be Imagined."
Referring to the Negro problem, the
ex-President said the solution lies In
education and economic development,
in both of which, as well as in re
ligious development he quoted figures
to show the great movement of the
Negro since 1808.
"Tho South and agriculture are the
hope of the Negro," he said. "The
South Is his natural habitat and as
these figures show, he Is actually
chiefly working in agriculture. The
best friend the Negro can have is the
Southern white man I mean the edu
cated, good people of the South. The
recent migration of Negro labor from
tho South to the North, while It had
certain deplorable consequences, also
was very useful, for It showed the
South that it needed the Negro, and
that he had a romedy for persecu
tion." Mr. Taft said it Is a mistake for
the Negro to do anything to antago
nize the best Fouthern whites. He
paid a glowing tribute to the Late
Hooker T. Washington.
District of Columbia
Has Large Negro
(By A. N, P).
Washington, D. C.,' Dec. 7. Popu
lation of the District of Columbia la
composed of 326,854 whits persons,
109,976 Colored and 741 other races,
including Chinese, Japanese and In
dians, the census bureau announced
recently. The total of these figures
makes up the 1920 population than
from 1900 to 1910 and was at a high
er rate, the Increase being 15,530 or
16.4 per cent, from 1910 to 1920. as
against 7,744 or 8.9 per cent from
1900 to 1910.
While the percentage ratio of Col
ored residents of the District shows
a decrease of 3.4 per cent as com
pared with 1910. the numerical in
crease In the Colored population shows
a decided gain, commensurate with
the total gain In population. In 1910
there were 94.448 Colored persons
resident In the District of Columbia.
Washington for sometime has been
the leading city in the- matter of Col
ored population. It is significant to
note that the recent migratory move
ment has caused this leadership to be
located In one of the more northern
cities of the United States. Chicago,
It is understood, claims this distinc
tion. This shift Is indicative of the
desire of the new Negro for larger
freedom and opportunity.
Atlantic City Has Colored
fire Company.
(By A. N. P.)
Atlantic City, N. J Dec 7. A Col
ored fire company here is now a fact
The fourtoen members of the com
pany, all of whom aaw military ser
vice overseas, went on duty in the
West Side' Fire Houue recently. En
gine Company 9 moved from the West
Side into Arkansas Avenue, fire sta
tion along with Engine Co. 6.
an's Home and Foreign Mission So
ciety, wife of C. W. Abington; Wom
an's Home and Foreign Mission So
ciety, district president. J. L. John
son; evangelist. J. W. B. Joshua.
Wrxahaekie District.
C. I Morgan, presiding elder; Wax
ahachie, J. E. Edwards; Ennls. H.
McKenna; Milford, J. P. Lynn; Bloom
ing Grove, W. N. McGrew; Pelham, T.
It. demons; Hubbard, J. H. Hardi
nan; Simunds, to be supplied; For
reston, R. R. Chapln; Delmar. L. P.
Price; Italy, G. H. Brown; Teleco,
I. Oltphant: Bethel, to be suplled;
Howard, llobert Thomas: Penelope,
William Palmer; Mount Calm, M. R.
Moses; Bardwoll, J. It. Lee; Green's
Chapel, G. I.. Jackson: Emhouse, W. C.
Calhoun; Rossee, P. M. Moseley: Rice,
J. R. Hcrron: Woman's Home and For
eign Mission Society district presi
dent, N. E. Barnell; A. C. E. L., L. G.
McDonald; evangelist, M. J. Brooks;
Cranduil, James Carutheis.
Hoahnta District. '
J. A. Jones, presiding elder; Bon
ham, J, A. Swan; Dentson, J. S.
Slaughter; Sherman, W. B. Baker;
Rockwall, O. W. Nelson; Dodd City, J.
W. Collins; Honey Grove, J. D. B.
Hightower; Elmo, 8. H. Haynes;
Greenville, O. W. Henderson; Point,
George W. Brown; Gainesville, W. H.
Melton; Coffee Mill, to be supplied;
Ladonla, P. Ilowens; South Denlson,
C. C. Carruthcrs; McKlnney and Al
len. F. Franklin; Cooper and Com
merce, L. H. Hubbard; Celeste and
Leonard, W. H. A. Richardson; Whlle
wrlght, S. A. Allen; Sonay and Ben
ena, L. 8. Stephens; Valley View. A.
J. Hughley; Women's Home and For
eign Mission Society, Mrs. E. F, Winn;
A. C. E. L. W, E. Johnson.
Fonncr.Texan Urges Negroes
To Go To Brazil
(By A. N. P.)
Chicago, ;Dec 7 Because of wides
pread Untet-est In the possibilities of
living in South America. The Asso
ciated Negro Press has held a series
of interviews with George Rambo, a
man o our group, who has recently
returned from that continent with a
mazing stories of what Colored people
may accomplish.
"Early In the summer of 1920," saya
Mr. Rambo, "In company with two
Chicago and one West Virginia gentle
man. I made a trip from Now York
to ltlo Do Janeiro, on one of the En
glish ships plying between these cit
ies. We have heard many wonderful
stories of the greatness of that coun
try. But nothing we had heard. It de
veloped, were equal to things we
"Brazil Is a republic the constit
ution and law-making bodies being
very similar to those of the United
States. A law abiding foreigner has
the same privllegess and Is given the
protection that are given natives, ex
cept the right to vote. Voting can be
acquired after a residence of two
years In the republic
"Brazilians, without regard to race
or color, are as one big family stand
ing together on grounds of absolute
euuality of opportunity. There are no
distinctions whatever, ' other than
those Imposed by wealth, culture and
position. The outstanding characteris
tic of the people Is the universal love
of their country.
"We saw foreign people from the
Mediterranean countries of Europe,
who had been there only a year.
Joining with the native born In cele- ,
bration of the numerous national hol
idays. And why shouldn t they? I
know of no place In the world where
the conditions are more favorable to
peace and comfort to the ordinary
person than in this country. It is pos
sible to live with very little effort
In that land of abundance. But I do
not say this as an Inducement for the
lazy shiftless. In a cold country, na
ture provides grudingly, but In Bra
zil everything grows In great abun
dance. Tho streams are full of fish;
the air Is filled with birds; rich
fruit nuts and herbs may gathered
almost everywhere any day of the
year. Two and three crops are har
vested. Since no coal and few clothes
are needed for warmth, it is no won
der that the oppressed and half starv
ed of other lands find reasons for re
joicing. "The Brazilian is always kind and
courteous, and I waa especially
pleased to note the beauty of the
family life. As a father and husband,
the Brazilian man has few equals. Di
vorces are particularly unknown, and
the grown-up married children gen
erally live with the parents. I have
seen families with forty members,
parents, children and grand-children.
The Brazilians rule their families with
love rather than the rod.
"I think the courts are fair, and
If anything. Inclined to leniency. I
saw only one man arrested, and that
for Intoxication within two hours the
same man passed me In the street
"Even slavery was never cruel and
harsh In Brazil. The relation of slave
to master was much In the nature of
a hired servant They belonged to the
same church, observed the same feast
days, and often married In the family
of the master. Today the same fra
ternal relationship exists. All cele
brate Emancipation day together. It
Is a national holiday Ilka our Fourth
of -July.
'The country is fortunate In hav
ing no deep national wounds to heal.
There Is no division of the country
caused by difference of opinion on the
slave question. Thirty-two years ago
the slaves were freed by universal
common consent, without shedding a
drop of blood. Brazil, it will also be
remembered. secured independence
I from Portugal without bloodshed.
: Such a country and such people have
a great future.
i "American Colored people are In-
i vlted to participate In the upbuilding
of a great nation In Iirarll. I hope
my people In this county will see the
wonderful opportunities offered them.
Read books, anil stuHv man. dincM'n-
Ing the country. It is not advisable
. (Continued on Tsbs 8)
1 1 j
i ; S i
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