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L I SOMEBODY IS GOING TO GET AH AUTOMOBILE) FOB NOTHING, YOU MIGHT IP TjOU TRIED. yOC'LIi BE BORKY IF YOU DONT. ENTER Odl GREAT TKJZ13 CONTEST. K3 ANNUM 3.C0. Founded by W. E. King. The Republican Parly 1$ The Ship, All Else Is The 8ea."Fred Doujli8. VOL, XXYIIL No. 11. PRICE TEN CENTS. THE DALLAS EXPRESS, DALLAS, TEXAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1020. If ill i n W -CVT! ft rft rfCC m mm Ma I F I jm ill - ' " ' ' - ' SAYS "WHEN MEN ARE RIGHTLY IN FORMED OF NEGROES IN THEIR HEADS THEY WILL BE MORE KINDLY DISPOS ED IN HEARTS. BEST FRIEND OF AMER ICAN WHITE MAN IS THE NEGRO." URGES CO-OPERATION. By Special Reporter. Before a large crowd assembled In the auditorium of the Pythian Tem ple last Sunday afternoon. Dr. Wil liam .Pickens. Field Secretary of the N. A. A. C. P.. set forth in a highly humorous yet logical way a new as pect of the race problem as It affect ed both racea In America. Arter a nolo of remarkable brilliance by Mien Uonnette IS. Giles, Hon. A. S. I wells, an master of ceremonies Intro duced Rev. Maye of the Congregation al church who Introduced Dr. Pickens telling of his association with him in Talladega College and referring to him as one of the most brilliant Am erican speakers. Pr. Pickens began his lecture by ssvlng "First of all I wish that, whenever there Is to be a discussion of this question, there could always be Just many white people present as members of our own race for after all It Is not a Negro problem. It is In truth a white man's problem. "or there are ten white persons for every one of Colored." The white man makes the laws, he controlled the gov ernment,' he controls the destiny of the nation, and the power Is in his hands. Ho can solve this problem through raising up .lust means for the Negro. I want to see the white man ruling with the highest power, see him even greater than he Is, for the greater he Is the greater the black man's opportunities." In launching Into the body of his discourse he charged newspapers with ! being the primary reason for a great deal of the prejudice which now ex-i Ists In the minds of white people to- ward Negroes. He charged them With i the telling of half truths declaring i that the omission of some facts and circumstances could prove more detri mental to a race or Individual than the statement of full facts. He cited s proof, an Incident which ocourrcd In Indianapolis, last year at which time a Negro was sccused of the usual rrlme end a lynching was threatened. He spoke of the fact that In reporting this occurrence the papers left out facta whl-n allowed th ordinary pub-. He to believe, that In sympathizing with the mob they were at least Justi fied by their passion. He stated that In this rare as in countless other the facts omitted In the reports were those most important. The papers did not state that the accused man Nero Detective of Chicago! Startling Case of Slavery Un is Hero: Overcomes Three earth in Buffalo. Girl Held as Bandits Alone. (A. N. P.) Chicago, III., Dec 18. Dectective Sergeant Sidney Williams Is now numbered among the heroes of the lo cal police department. Stunned by a blow on the head by a blackjack In the hands of a desperate criminal, Williams overcame three hold-up Ne gro bandits last Friday night, killing one and assisting .in the capture of the two companions of the slain ban-; dlt. The affray was started In a res taurant at 2842 South Dearbon Street, In the heart of one of the "dark" sec-. tlons on the south side. Williams en tered the place and recognizing the three bandits as members of a des perate gang of pickpockets and auto mobile bandits who have been making life miserable for south aiders In gen- j eral during the past few weeks, he be-i gan searching the men for concealed - weapons when he was struck on the head with a blackjack by one of thai men. I In a fight which followed William Holland, who appeared to be the lead er of the gang, was shot and killed by .officer Williams. After a desperate struggle In the course of - which the restaurant was wrecked, the men were overpowered and placed under arrest. Williams, who Is a Negro, has come in for much praise from citizens and public alike. Holland, the man killed. Is known to have been the leader of a "black and tan" gang of thieves and burglars who have been terrorizing certain sections in the city by their rtarlnp depredations. The police have been haffaled In their endeavors to apprehend the men.' Williams waa one of a special detail placed on their trail. . He had received Information which pointed to Holland and the men who were with him at the time the brave officer entered the aforesaid restaurant. Q Charges have been filed against the proprietor of the restaurant that de-, clare the place is a resort for crim inals. The police say that they will cause the closing of the place. In the1 meantime orricer Williams has put himself in line for early promotion. Shot Six Times, But Spirit is Unbroken. Rt. I,ouls. Mo.. Dec. 18. The body of Clifford Perkins, 84 years old. 811, Cardinal avenue, with gunshot wounds In the left hrBst and right side, was found on the sidewalk In front of 8132 Franklin avenue at 9 o'clock Tues-j day nlpht I Dowell Gross, white, who conducts' snloon st SS00 Franklin avenue, la being held by the police, inspected of the shooting. Oross refused to make a statement until he had seen his Iswver, but Identified a revolver, fonnd under- the Ice box in the sa loon.wlth two exploded cartridges In. It. es his property. I Plea-ant Aubuchnn, 31187 Cook ave-' nue, bartender - at the saloon, who hart ht'od stains on his white apron and Jnrket, Is also being held. He de-i nles that he fired any shots. ' Mihuchon told the police that the 'Negro carse Into the saloon and wanted to buy drinks for tha house. He said that Oross took him Into a back room and several minutes later two shots were heard. He said that Oross on me nut Into the saloon and ordered him to close up. The police pre of the belief that the body of the Negro was carried from the saloon snd dumped on the side-, walk a block away. The Negro was clutching a brown door knob In his rleht hand when found. A knob of similar color waa found missing from tha back-room door In tha saloon. was an Idiot: that the men who ar rested him were Negro officers and that all of the Information leading up to his arrest was furnished by Ne groes. He criticized at length the con stant association of the word Negro witli crime, declaring that a psycho logical law of association has rend ered it so that such, a scheme makes It Impossible for the nubile to do other than associate the word crime with the word Negro. Thus he declar ed "the Negrp, all Nogroes are con sidered as criminally Inclined when In truth there is no crime In color. It Is in men. Such associations are used only when some men desire that other men shall be kept under a ban of prejudice and oppression." He said furthor, "The greatest stimulus to the American mind is the newspaper headline. Crime Is crime whether com mitted by a Negro,- Jew or white. When newspapers adopt a uniform and fair system of reporting Negro crime.' giving as much space to his good deeds as to his bad ones, the sentiment toward ' him will begin to change, for I firmly believe that when white men are more correctly inform ed In their heads they will bocome more Just and humane in their 'hearts." . tn discussing the opinion generally held as to the incapacity of the Ne gro for doing anything done by any other race or class, he declared that such a conciptlon was made possible only - by the failure to give the Ne gro a chance to try It. He (declared uiai me iegru nwu never pruvea m failure In anything which ha had been allowed to try. He urged his audience to ask an eaual chance, say ing. "In order to become a regular American soldier the Negro had to be furnished the same uniform, arms and equipment as was given other American soldiers. It was given him and even American officers must ad mit that he was as terrible in war as he Is gentle In peace. Why therefore should this same America expect real American citizens, equal In accom plishment and achievement with oth ers,, of the Negro, If all along ha has not been . given , the same education, training, housing, medical care, sani tary surroundings and Justice before the law as have others? In making this claim we are not radical, Just v (Continued on Page 6-) a Slave 18 Years. (A. N. P.) Buffalo, N. Y., Dec 18. The citizens of Buffalo have been shaken by the the uncovering of a crime here, which has been hidden for 18 years. One of Buffalo's white attorneys went south and brought back a little Colored girl, six years old. She has lived In his family ever since. But that was 18 years ago. Last week a 24 year old Colored woman, none other than this former little girl ran away from her master, for It has developed that the servant of that family all these years, without pay. She has never been inside of a church or even spoken to a Colored Colored person. She has been doing all of the work of the family of nine adults; washing. Ironing, scrubbing, cooking, cleaning without pay. When this child was 14 years old she was criminally assaulted by "some white man, gave birth to a child in the Buffalo Poor House, but ns soon as she was able was taken back to the home of her "slave mas ter," and there she stayed until last week. Her "master" has invoked aid of the Chief of Police to . get back his "slave." At the Christian Culture Congress of which Mrs. Mary B. Talbert la is President, strong addresses were made and a contribution waa taken up to give this girl Mr. Cornelius Ford, one of Buffalo's prominent citi zens has done the detective work and it is reported that Douglass Club, Phyllis Wheatley and Culture Con gress will go to the courts in be half of the girl, and try to secure not only her wages for these enforced years, but hope to make this lawyer suffer the full penalty of the law, according to the Amendments to the Constitution. PEACE COLONY, COLONIZA TION AND OIL DEVELOP MENT. Special to the Express. Peace, Arkansas, Dec 8, 1920. One of the most extensive plana of developing a community any place In the South Is the one In operation in Cleveland County. The plan has been well studied out and Is based on prac tical business principles. While the di rector of the plan, J. A. Patterson, Is a man of vision, ha Is also practical and thorough In his methods and his plans. His experience as a lecturer and student of social and economic conditions for a quarter of . a cen tury with headquarters at Boston. Mass., equipped him to execute Ideas he entertained for the betterment of his race. While this movement has been In operation only eighteen months it Is no venture but has reached the stage of reality. Something over a hundred families have bought land In the colony and settled with their families to help In the general plan. The towns of Peace, Kedron, Dwlght, Poor. Saline and Draughon are now thriving towns, some with stores, saw mills and-other sign of business and activity, each with a post office rail road station. Patterson la behind this move to be of real service to his race and considers money making the secondary consideration. He has made a, careful study of what his race can do. and what th needs are and says that his people In Peace Colony are too busy doing real things to take any part In race disputes. He Is Interested In the social, educational and Industrial needs of the race. That by first establishing themselves as a necessity In tha community by ( Continued on Pue 8.) MAGNIFICENT MONUMENT ERECTED TO MEMORY OF WIL LIAM McDONALD, Jrl.IN MORTH. I. i tn " " -I 4 !,. .I, -mm. MOST ORNATE PRIVATE MONUMENT IN TEXAS MARKS FINAL RESTING PLACE OF Win. McDONALD, Jr, IN TRINITY CEMETERY, FORT WORTH. Fort Worth, Texas, Dec. 16, 1920. What is considered generally to be the most magnificent as well a expensive grave marker and cover ever erected to the memory of an in dividual by private funds in Texas, now adorns the final resting place in Trently Cemetery of Wm. Madison McDonald, only son of Wm. McDonald, Sr., famous political leader and Mason of Texas. This fitting tribute to the memory of an only son was completed and erected last week by Nichols and Company of Chicago at a cost of more than 212,000 to Mr. McDanald and wife. Description of Cover and Marker. . The monument consists of two parts: Grave cover and marker, made of highly polished best grade, extra dark shining granite. The grave marker extends 30 feet 6 inches above the graund and rests upon three bases which are supported by a foundation 6 feet deep. The first base is 6 feet 4 Inches; second base 4 feet 4 inches, third base 3 feet 4 inches. The bases support the spire which is 2 feet 6 inches by 23 feet in length. The weight of the monument including the grave cover which is 6 feet wide by 8 feet long is 43,000 pounds,, or 21 1-3 ttons. An extra powerful steel crane was necessary to the placing of the sections of the marker in their places and the work was handled by a special crew of trained builders.. The marker is engraved simply with the name, Wm. Madison McDonald, Jr. s j ' Said To Be Finest In State. This monument, whose shaft may be seen long before Trinity Cemetery is reached, is a remarkable specimen of granite carvers art. Highly pol ished, symmetrically erected and magnificently appointed, it stands as a fitting token of paternal love and remembrance. It has been accorded a primary place among works of its kind in Texas by those whose knowledge of such works is unquestioned. Certainly, despite the fact that its price of $12,000 is one of the greatest ever paid from private funds for a monument, it must give to all of those who gaze upon its magnificence, highly heightened by its remarkable simplicity, a complete and full realization of the wonderful love and de votion held for their only son by Hon. Wm. and Mrs. McDonald. Wm Madison McDonald, Jr., favorite among his fellows, both at home and In school at Howard, died in February 1918 in the city of Washington, D. C. at the age of 20. Negro Student Is Radio Expert. (A. N. P.) Schenectady, New York, Dec. IS. Probably the only student In Union College to have had experience in transatlantic radio work la Wendell W. King, a Negro student, who enter ed college la 191S, but spent two years In tha signal corps of the army. He returaed last year to finish his course In electrical engineering. He Is now a Junior and chief engineer of tha college radio club. His hobby aa King himself admits, la wireless telegraphy. In which ha has been In terested In an amateur way since 1911. He was among tne first to sug gest tha use of the powerful Union College radio set for sending out ae rial concerts weekly, a feature which has proved highly successful, In col lege he Is also a member of tha Cos mopolitan club. Bill FOR CHANGING SOUTH'S REPRESEfJTATIG .'A 4 Jr . mm .... .. -.:!.' Commission Named to Study Race Legislation. Raleigh, N. C, Dec. 18. In accor dance with a resolution passed at tha Special Session of the General As sembly, Governor Bickektt has named a commission to formulate a program of legislation for tha betterment of the Negro race to be presented to the regular session which meets In Jan uary. The Commission, which Includes two members of the next Legislature, - Is as follows: Rep. W. ,N. Kverett, Rockingham: Senator-elect U. R. Var ser, I.umberton. Senator ?. V. Cow. per, Klnston; O. O. Adklna, president Slater Normal School Wlnston-Salera, and Dr. A. M. Moore, Durham. In a special message to the Special Session, the Oovernor, recommended that a study of needed legislation for the Negroes be made. He suggested a reform school for Negro hovs: a tuberculosis sanatorium for Negroes! training schools for Negro teachers, and better conditions on railway trains. Tha commission wilt meet at tha call of the chairman, Mr, Evertt LEADING NORTHERN PA PER ENDORSES BILL TO RE DUCE SOUTH'S REPRESEN TATION. Says Congressional Iavesb'a tion Needed Badly in South; Would Destroy Grandfather Clauses. (Special to The Express.) Washington, D. C, Dec. 18. Repre Bentative George Holden Tinkham, Republican, of Massachussetts, would compel the South to permit Negro men and women to vote or reduce its representation in Congress, He will ask for in investigation of conditions and population in Southern States with a view to "a reappointment of Representatives in Con-ress, to the end that such reappointment shall be constitutional In form and fact'' Mr. Tinkham will not have easy going with his proposition, for manj Republican , leaders in Congress are opposed to stiring up the race issue in politics in the South. They be lieve that the gains in Tennessee, Texas and Kentucky in recent elec tions indicate a breaking up of the "solid South," and that the Republi can Party will make Bte'ady Leadway fthe. Negroes ge allowed to rest. "Sfjinr-Arfi. Dlsfriiir. hlne.T f- . ""'" r it- - - . ,. y'Man States have notoriously dis tranchised large numbers of their citizens, and '.yet unconstitutionally retain the same number of Represen tatives In Congress as " no disfran chisement existed, thus living to the voters who are not disfranchised in these States a political power far in excess of that given to those 'voters in States where disfranchisement docs not exist," said Mr. Tinkham in de fending his contemplated action. ' "But the day has come when elec tions in the United States can no longer be half constitutional and half unconstitutional. These can be no uuuuie siuuuuru 01 cunsiuuonai en forcement." Mr. Tinkham cites figures to show the inequality of the vote in Southern States compared with States in the North and the West Among these comparisons he pointed out the fol lowing: "The total vote for Representatives in Alabama, which has ten Represen tatives, was 62,345, whereas the total vote for Representatives In Congress in Minnesota .which has ten Repre sentatives, was 299,127 and the total vote in Iowa, which has ten Repre sentatives, was 316,377, and the total vote in California, which has eleven Representatives, was 644,790. .The total vote for Representatives In Con gress In Georgia, which . hmv twelve Representatives, was 69.19H ('hp''eas the total vote for Representatives In Congress in New Jersey, which has twelve Representatives, was 338,461." TiOuisiana, Florida and South Caro lina statistics were also compared with Northern and Western States within an equal number of Represen tatives. ' Could Avoid Increase. . The House of ' Representatives under the resent apportionment con sists of 43S members, each member representing 211,877 Inhabitants. If the present base of representation were used there would be an addition to the membership of the House of Representatives of 65 members. Thi addition could be nearly entirely avoided by having the snme unit a the base of representation and by en forcing the Fourteenth Amendment in accordance with the Constitution. "If the House pass a reapportion ment bill, which Is plainly unconsti tutional, hy avoiding the enforcement of tbe Frmrtonth Amendment, it Is now my intention to question the con stitutionality of the elertion of the nevt Honre hv lesril nmcpss and ap peal to the Sunreme Court for de termination of these groat question f." Savs Tex?s Should Care For Ne?ro Tubercular Cases. Austin. Texas.' Dee. 18. The 1920 Christmas Sesl. Sale, which bejran De cember t In Texas, continues to show g-ratlfylnr response, according; to a statement made today by W. I.. Dracy. State Christmas seel sale director, of the Texas Public Health Assoctlon, who estimates that over 1100. 000 worth of seals have bean sold op to the present time. "No accurate tabulation can be made at the present time." said the Direc tor! "hut from scattered reports from over the state I believe the sale bss passed the $100,000 mark. The small cities and communities Into which seals have been mailed have respond ed wonderfully and thousands of dol lars have been raised In unorganised counties to heln carry on the flarht , as""lnet tubercolosls. j . "Uanks of Texas - seem to be tha CONGRESSMAN OF MASSACHUSETTS WOULD EITHER END DISFRANCHISE MENT OR SEE THAT NUMBER OF SOUTHERN REPRESENTATIVES IS RE DUCED TO CONFORM TO NUMBER OF VOTERS. , (A. N. P.) Chicago, Dec' 18. Practically every northern state has one or more United States Senators, and one or more members of. Congress who are deter mined to bring- the Issue reduction of southern representation before the law-making; body for summary action. The spirit of determination was nev er more strongly omphasiied than In an extended editorial expression from the Leominster, Mass, Enterprise, and this editorial is quoted in full for the purpose of getting; exact facts before the poople of our group, and with the nopo that all who read it ' will paaa It on to others. Under the caption, "Senator Moses' Proposal," The Enterprise savs: Senator Moses of New Humpshlre proposed to place before the Judiciary committee of the next Congress a res olution that shall be .to Itnow why there I. n.i t an . .n . . L. - . . i tuttonul provision relative to represen- I tatlon in the South. It has been' known that for over 40 yeara thls-scan-dal I of illegality and Injustice has been endured by the country. The fourteenth amendment which was Intended to i five tho Negro the rlnht to vote hast been utterly disregarded In most of thoHA I a t a. ,hlnk 1. n - . , Negro population. And it is known In every national election before the .ililotl! nav8 been cai,t that at least 137 electoral votes are checked up BKalnst the Republican Party because thousands of citizens are not given the right to rote. That Is what is meant by "the Solid- South." It has been Solid And will remulti (olid until It Is Justly broken Into- and th'.e cit izens which have the right to vote shall not be denied that privilege. Those oltlaens .are Colored. That Is their only fault. The "grandfather clause and other shameful legisla tion has been passed which bars the Negro from voting. It is unconstitu tional, undemocratic and unjust. Granting that the Negro should not be given the right to vote, and that tho Secretary Colby Pays Visit to Hampton. Hampton. Va., Dec 18. Hon. Baln brldge Colby. Secretary of State, who ia on his way to Brazil, Montevideo, and Buenos Aires, apoke on the eva of hia sailing from Hampton Roads to the Hampton Institute workers and students on "America's Opportunity." Secretary Colby was accompanied by Major-General Adelbert Cronklte, com manding, officer of the Third ' Army Corpa Area, Dr. James B. Gregg, principal of Hampton Institute, stated that ha was proud and happy to discover that, al though Hampton Institute could not welcome Senator Harding, a dlstln- rculahed member of the coming admln stralion. It could welcome Secretary Colby, a distinguished member of the present administration. Secretary Col by said: "This Is an institution that I have always felt a great Interest In. I knew Its founder. General Armstrong, who was a great man when I wax an undergraduate at Williams College, I was taught to look up to General Armstrong. I was Instructed as to the great work he had done. Now, as I come along Into elder years, It Is per mitted to me to see this great frui tion and to see realized the vision that Inspired him In the early, bitter struggles he had to found and sus tain this Institution In Its early days. "This Instlutlon means a great deal to the country and to the future of the country. You ara learning here the lessons of good citizenship. Tou are learning here what it la to be good Americans. The place of America among tha nations depends upon the thorough ness with which the youth of Ameri ca learns the lessons of self-restraint, of application, of mastery. "I care not In what field It Is a man's work may He, so long aa he does It well he is a good citizen; and If he does It very well, he baa earn ed a real distinction. "Everything you do well Is trans muted Into power. Everything you do III will dog your footsteps through life aa a sort of haunting weakness. "It Is a great thing to be young. It la a great thing to be Americana It In a great thing to be educated and useful Americans. That Is your op portunity. "I hope It may be given to you to realize, In auite as full measure as It In given to mortals to realize their hopes, the fine expectatlona you cher ish In your breasts." Tbe Hampton students sang for Pecretary Colby and General Cron kltei some of the well-known Negro religious folk songs. largest purchasers of Christina seal a "ennrtK from all parts of the state show that the majority of the banks have purchased at least $10 worth of seals, and some of them many times that amount." According to the Texas Public Hentth Association, tho first county to "go over the top" In the seal sale was Deaf Smith County which reach ed the assigned quota tha first day of the sale with Mrs. John Potts, of Hereford, as county chairman. This co"nty nl ed for more seals to sell. "The Intensive sale of Christmas seals will lnt Until December 10; but they will be kept on sale all over the state In booths, stores, and shops until the holidays. Of all money rel-ed In the sale of the little seals of health. 9S per cent will remain In Texas for health work. Shauld the seal sale be successful, as Indicated bv early reports. $190,000 will be avallnhie to the Texas Public Health ane(on and its many local af filiations to carry on extensive anti tuberculosis work In 1921. South is to bo exonerated for not per mitting U. why should (be South ob ject to a limitation of congressional representation to correspond" with the number of voting citizens? There is no reason why the South should be favored In tblf regard any mora than any other section of the country. The national election In 191& waa won by the Democrats because of this Injus tice . . " j Henntor Moses proposes to place the Judiciary committee a resolution pro- . .v" . r Joint congressional com mittee "to make thorough. Inquiry in the laws governing the elections In the several states of the Union, with a view to ascertaining whether In any state the right of cltlsens of the United States to vote is denied or abridged In violation of the terms of the .ourteenth amendment to the Con stitution. The Constitution should be enforced not the parts of it which best ac ?.r? with Jrovlnclallsm, but all of It. Cltlsens of the United States should t V6ith Aht to vote- Th. rlxht should not be taken away tinder pre text, the real reason for that denial being obvious to all. But If that con- ' stltutlonal provision to not enforced, and. there are citizens of our states who are willing to submit to that part of the constitution, then the con gressional representation of those states which deprive their cltir.ens the ' rltfht to vote should be limited to correspond with the number of voting , citizens In those states. That Is the proper thing to do. There are too many representatives In Congress, at. the rmwnt tme.- Champ i Urk and others have repeatedly recommended . that a the maximum number be not mora than Soft no inn i.. : iKiiaiion, economy, and the public welfare in general, the - ..iinut-r snouia not exceed 600. And If American citizens are not given tha VJSl ? v.otV a ,vwy favorable op portunity Is thereby given to reduce the number of congressional repre-". sentatlves. . N. A. L C P, Wins Another Point b Arkansas Cases. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People 70 Fifth Avenue, New York, today an nounced an Important victory In the case of the Colored men condemned to death In oonnectlon wltn the Ar kansas riots of 1919. The Supreme Court of the State of Arkansas has reversed the decision of the lower courts condemning the men to death. Jhls is the second reversal by the State Supremo Court of Arkansas In tnese cases and announcement was made by James Weldon Johnson, Sec retary, of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People that the fight will be continued In the courts until Justice Is had. The Suprema Court of Arkansas In reversing tha decision of the lower court held: . 1. That discrimination against the ( olored men. Because Negroes were barred from the grand and petit Ju ries trying thera was In violation of the fourteenth Amendment to the .nl.t.edf,tate" Constitution, and of tha Civil Rights act of 1876. i. That the lower oourts had er red In refusing to hear evidence on a motion to set aside the regular panel of the Jury. , Word cornea from Arkansas that other six men whose death sentences the Supreme Court refused to review, will probably not be executed pending determination of tha cases recently reversed. Mob Leader is Killed in At tack on JaiL Brlston. Va., Dec. 18. Tata Blon dell, a chauffeur, was killed, and sev eral men were wounded during a pit ched battle resulting from the at tempt of a mob to storm the Jail at Wide, near here. and obtain possession of a Negro named Williams, who is accused of assaulting and robbing Creed Roblnett, an aged merchant of Appalachla. Reports received here said another . mob was being; formed at Appalachla. A machine gun has been mounted In the Jail and Sheriff Corder has Is sued orders to tha Jail defenders to "shoot to kill.". Blondell waa killed, according ' to witnesses, while leading a charge on the front ddor of the Jail. Members of the mob. according to Sheriff Cor der. fired first and their flra was re-1 turned by deputies from the doors and windows of the Jail. John R. Lewis, one of those wounded, Is said to be Id a serious condition with threa bullet wounds in hie chest Rohlnett a victim of the assault. , la said to have been beaten Into In senalbilitiy and Is not expected to live. Idle Negroes Ousted After Buffalo Raid. Buffalo, Dec. 18. Within the oast 4 hours more than 1,000 Negroes, dis charged during the recent business denresslon, have been forced out of Buffalo by the police. Raids have been conducted In the Negro districts and those who ara unemployed ara ar rested. Manr Negroes, becoming; frightened, have left of their own accord. Some of these withdrew liberal amounts from savings hanks and departed for the South. Pawnbrokers report that manv pawned clothing and Jewelry to enable them to get away. Employers are not disturbed, as there has been a surplus of labor in Buffalo fur sev eral munths.