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PAY YOUR -POLL TAX WOW 5? 11 . f?i. . fi n . ;.n ALWAYS PROGRESSIVE DISTINCTIVE IN SERVICE Founded by w. e. King. The Sepublican Pariy Is The Ship, All Else Is The Sea." Fred Douglas, : per anctm $3.00. 1 . I, 1 . 1 . YOL. XXTHL KO. 18. THE DALLAS EXPRESS, DALLAS, TEXAS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1021. , ' . PRICE TEX CENTS. ' ..) I .,' .... . , .f. I,, i mi i - ... . i : , . .1. . Z . - - zzz STATE REPRESENTATIVE FROM FLORIDA DECLARES THAT QUALIFIED NEGROES WERE ALLOWED TO VOTE. DENOUNCES N. A. A. C. P. Washington, Jan. 20.--The Associa tion for the Advancement of Colored Peoplo was denounced before the ' house census committee by Represen tative Clark, of Florida, as an organi zation composed of "meddling, fuss ing persons" who are working on the ignorant Negroes of the south In or der to keep themselves In good po sitions. The association, Mr. Clark asserted, has never done a thing "that hasn't Injured the Negroes in the south." "Jt's actions have made for racial clashes." he declared. Mr. Clark apea-ed before the com mittee to present further documen tary evidence in reply to charges of representatives of the association that Negroes In Florida was discriminated Bgnlnjt In the November elections. He rim'llirAll that ITlIHa ur a a ol,l,.r t K a Negro every right under the law and that Florida's election laws as fair and as fairly administered as those of any state in the Union. v"Jlut we are not going to have Ne gro domination in Floriday." he added. Among the documents presented to the committee was one from the su pervisor of Orange county Btatlngthat the Negro alleged to have started the election day riot as Ocoee. was not a qualified voter. Washington, Jan. 20. Florida is giv ing the Negro every right under the law, Itepresentative Clark, of that state, declared before the house cen sus committee considering the con sidering .the congressional reappor tionment bill in presenting further de nial of charges that Negroes in Florida had been prevented from vot ing. "We are not going to have Ne gro domination in Florida," Mr. Clark asserted. Not a single Negro from Florida had complained, Mr. Clark said, and the charges were made by "New York Negroes who are feasting and fatten ing on the honest Negroes of the South." Kepresentatives of the Society for the Advancement of Colored Peo ple, who made the charges, Mr. Clark said, have "never done a thing that hasn't Injured the Negroes in the South. Their actions have made for ra cial clashes." composed of "meddling, fussing" per sons who. he ald. are working on the ignorant Negroes of the South In or der to keep .themselves In- good posi tions and are not really Interested in advancing the welfare of the race. Mr. Clark presented a telegram from Mayor Martin, of Jacksonville, in which denial was made that Ne groes were deprived of the right to vote there on election day. Tha day was quiet and orderly, he said, and passed without a single arrest, lead ing citizens of both races co-operating to avoid any possible trouble. Mr. Clark also read to the commit tee a telegram from a Negro doctor n! .liicksonvllle. J. Seth Hill, slating that he had voted on election day. This was one of the cases cited by the representatives of the Society .for the Advancement of Colored People In support of their charges that Negroes were kept from voting. - "Florida," Mr. Clark said, "has as fair election laws as any state in the Union and they are as fairly admin istered." He filed a copy of them with the committee. There Is rto discrimination in Florida against the Negro and all persons who were qualified were allowed to vote and were given the protection of tne omcers or tne law, ne aeciarea. He also said that there was a white Democratic party, a white Republican party and a party composed of both whites and Negroes, who claimed a Republican designation In his state In the last election. Mr. Clark read a telegram from the supervisor of Orange county, which stated that the Negro over whom the Ocoee riot started was not a qualified voter. His insistence on voting, Mr. Clark aid, was what he understood was thy cau.se or tne trounie. Representative Sears, also of Florl A a ti.nria a. s-eneral denial of the ae cusatlons against his state He said that in his election he had made white n,nrfv the Issue and altho about half the people of his district came from the Nortnern siaies, near ly all of them voted for him. He also declared that he stood for Justice to the Negro and that there was no dis crimination in j. ioriaa m"1""' mom. Former Dallas Pastor Now Preaches in $350,000 Struc hire. OJy A. N. P.) Chicago, Jan. 20. From a residence prayer meeting organization to an incorporated religious body, worship ing In an edifice valued at $360,000.00 may sound like fiction, but it Is the actual story of Pilgrim Baptist Church Chicago. The congregation has recently nurchased the magnificent Jewish Temple, Indiai a avenue and East 83rd Street, for a cash consideration of $75,000.00, and the opening week has Just closed. Dr. 8. E. J. Watson, who became pastor of the church only last Miy la responsible for the success. A. number of the leading officers of the church, including Dr. E. ,C. Mor ris, of Little Rock, president of the Rational Baptist Convention; Dr. Jor don, secretary of the foreign mission ary board, and Mrs. Lay ton, of the women's division of Philadelphia; to gether with the leading white Baptist officials of Chicago, ministers of va rious denominations, business men and the public generally assisted in the opening. ' The building is modern In every particular, has an unexcelled " loca tion, and is another strong bit of ev idence of what the migration is do ing in the No th. NEGRO BRAKTCMAIVX HONORED BY V. . It. It Denver, Colo., Jan. 20. H. J. Plum chof, General Superintendent of '.he Union Pacific railroad presented . a gold watch, in the name of his com pany, David Turner, a Negro brake niari, on the 23rd of December last as a token of appreciation of his ser vices ou the night of November 10th of last year when he thwarted the ef forts of a hand of bandits to hold up a train. Turner has been In the employ of tho Union Pacific road for the past 35 year. iff! ASK $300,000 FOR NEGRO TUBERCULAR IIHLUI I1LUIIU mm. Fought Way Through -Flame and Rescued 3 Men, 3 Wom en and 3 Children in Recent Boston Blaze. Boston, Mass., Jan. 20. Seven per sons, three men, a woman and three small children, were saved from death in the flames by patrolman Herbert Halllday, a Colored member of the Cambridge Police Force. The rescued ones are Joseph and his brother, Nathan Sclaremco, Raymond and Mrs. Raymond Dunne and the three small Duane children. , All wore unconscious from smoke when patrolman Halllday found them. The fire was In a small two-story frame building at 2f3 Hlver St., Cam bridge, and evidently was started by rats e-jtlng matches about 8:30 In the back room on the first floor of the building. Tho Sclaremco brothers own and op erate a meat, grocery and provision store on the first floor of the build ing and sleep In 4. small room In the rear of the store. The Duane family lives on the second floor in a small tenement. When patrolman Hallldny passed the store he smelled the smoke and, look Inside tho store, found it in flames. Knowing the two Sclaremco brothers were sleeping in the back room, Hal llday broke open the door and groped his way through the smoke and I lames and found the two men uncon scious on the bed. He dragged both out to the strtet. Patrolman Halllday then went back into the building and covering his head with the coat he managed to make his way up Into tho Duane S apartment. Ho aroused Mr. and Duane with some difficulty and grabbed up the three yaung child and carried them to the- street and left them with the two Sclaremco bro thers and then went back into the burning building again and led out Mr. and Mrs. Duane. The Fire Department found a brisk, stubborn blaze, but it was soon extin guished with the building and $1500 additional to the store. The resoued quickly recovered. Negro Tenant Fanner Makes Success by Diversification of Crops. Dallas, Texas, Jan. 28. An example Of unusually profitable returns from diversified farming, obtained by a Ne gro tenant. Is cited by .1. I). Waskom of Dallas In support of the Idea of diversification and eotton acreage re duction. The Negro is John Turner. who is a tenant on Mr. Waskom's farm near Latex, just across the Tex as line in Western Louisiana. This man has been on Mr. Waskom's farm fifteen years, 'and he has grad ually developed his own system of diversified farming, finding it profit able In former years, even when cot ton and corn brought high prices. This year, however, his success was so cin sptcuous and his year's operations proved so profitable that Mr. Waskom bellves It w!!l be of advantage gen erally for his case to be known. Holding HU Cotton. John Turner long ago found that cotton did not pay every year. Thia year he raised more than a dozen different crops on the fifty acres of sandy, plney woods" land cultivated by him. He has nine bales of good cotton which he Is holding for a bet ter price. Mr. Waskom was astounded when he visited the farm a short time back to learn what the Negro had accom plished, and the more so by contrast with another Negro tenant on the same farm who struck to cotton and corn and who has ended the year in debt, without fuas to nnance mm for the next year. Mr. Waskom did not get exact figures on acreages In various crops planted by Turner, or on his returns, but In general his i',. thod 1 of farming is inaicaiea ujr mo 'Turner planted this year more than an acre of watermelons, and he got a vry fine crop, many of the melons so large that he sold them for $1 apiece. He also raised a crop of sweet potatoes, had several acres in pea nuts, and also had crops cf cotton and corn with cowpeas in the middles. In addition, he raised chickens, turk eys, geese, hogs and dairy cattle. Rent and Debts I'nW. The Negro has ended the 1920 crop season with all rent and debts paid, with money in the bank, with his Winter's supply of meat cured and put away for the winter, with bin barn full of corn for his r'?s supply of extra good corn for nval for himself, his wife and little boy. He has another barn full of peanuts and peanut hay, has three large hanks of sweet potatoes besides those he has already marketed, and has twenty-six head of cows and calves, as well as a few pigs to sell. He Is keeping for this year's stocking Oi his place the brst of his poultry,, pigs and cows. All an Fifty Acres. ' All of thia the Negro tenant has done on fifty acres of tilled land r.nd about the same amount of paaturnge. Turner, Mr. Waskom says, a 'oti stant reader of The Dallas Semi Weekly Farm News, and he makes a clo etudy of his farming and con ducts the place on a bus nessllke ba sis. While he, with only, the help of his wife and the small boy and some hired help,, has made mot iy tor 1920,- the other tenant refer) ed to failed, although he had five adults In his family as hands. On the day Mr. Waskom visited tho far-n, Turner had taken to town a load of turkeys and geese, which he iold for $70. Ho also had added to his income by taking the walnut crop from a tree near his house and selling the walnutn In Shreveport at $1 a bushel. "lie does not miss a cnance to make money out of the farm." Mr. Waskom said, "and at the some time his meth ods of farming are improving the land ard adding to the value of the place." i i i i i a. fin i arvy ii ii vvr AMERICAN REALTY AND CONSTRUCTION PLANS EREC TION OF $100,000 BUILDING. HAS RESOURCES AMOUNTING TO $43,690.25 AT END OF 2ND YEARS BUSINESS. The Report of the secretary of the American Realty and Construction Co., at Its second annual stockholders meeting showed that the assets of the company at the end of its fiscal year were (43,690.65. The meeting held In New St James A. M. E. Church was enthusiastic though short of the expected atten dance because of the inclement weath er. This company, chartered two years ago by local business men of our group has grown steadily from a $5,000 to an almost $50,000 corpora tion i.i two years. It has helped In many Instances to keep homes In the possession of their purchasers, guar anteed titles and bought and sold marketable property. Its biggest deal of the year was the purchase of the large building and bordered by Bryan St., Central R. R., and Cottago Lane on which it plans to erect a modern' fireproof business and office building at an estimated cost of $100,000. Plans for the build ing are now being perfected by W. Sidney Plttman, well known architect of Texas, who designed the Pythian Temple, St. James A. M. E. Church and Paul Qulnn Dormltary soon to be erected. A full story of the progress of the company Is told In the report of the Secretary as follows: Dallas. Texas, Jan. 1st, 1921. To the President, the Officers and the Stockholders of the American Realty and Construction Company: Sirs: With pleasure, I submit for your consideration my second annual report and financial statement, for the year beginning Jan. 1st, 1920, and end Southern Papers Would drendV J IT " M- Cl..' Drami uucagu as negro uiy Because of Increase. . 1 (By A. N. P.) Chicago, Jan. 20. There Is a con certed effort, with more or less sus picious motives, to manufacture senti ment In favor of the Southern idea of dealing with the race problem." The following editorial . which has come under the observation of the Associated Negro Press, has appeared, without credit lines, in fifty or more daily southern newspapers. Each edi torial has the same caption, as la al ways the case in similar editorials. The cantlnn ofi this editorial, "Chlcar go as a Negro City." It says: "Chicago has carried through Its l.itn., 4hi.fr It ... . , . 1 .1 ...... . 1 I , . population in the decade. The increase ' lp"JelYomc r?Krd.J.'. 2nothef U is 148.5 per cent, as against 21 per J ?insl,e blues' ftnd the third Is sing cent for the whites. The Negroes have "nf, "Is own syncopated s mgs. When grown proportionately In numbers more . ?,rt... r, "f.18 ,Ha' kleyA, Mad,am than seven times as fast as the whites. P"1 rown'Mr- F,.or,'r Cole-Tal-Total Negroes in Chicago, 109.694 i 5ert' Harry T. Burleigh, Marlon An whlch carries it above lialttmo' u, and I de""n. and Roland Hayes desire 'to possibly Washington, with New Tork 1 1"1"1 rec,ord they are advised that probably its chief competitor. The they must pay the companies to bring changed conditions In th's country are out their rc. ords. At very great ex shown by the fact that the two cities pfn?e Rola"J Hayes produced some witn tne largest Negro bODUlatlon are now In the north Chicago and New York and that the next two, Balti more and Washington, are in the so called "border states" with possibly another Northern city sixth, Philadel phia, The only Southern city which comes any where near these is KeW Orleans, which may show a slight, falling off In the number of Its Ne groes, like the neighboring counties Of Louisiana and vlisslsslppl. "The result is due to three causes the fact that many rallioads in this section run dirrctly Into Chicago, so that It Is easy for Negroes from Lou isiana, Mississippi and Tennessee to slip into the Illinois metropolis; sec ondly, the eamp for th? Southern Ne groes during th war was at Grant, near Chicago; and, finally, political influence for Chicago politicians have stimulated this Immigration, finding the Negro voters easily controlled by them. There are &u,oou Negro voters in Chicago whl are segregated In the South division, and have a largely de- termining Influence In Chicago politics. "It will be remembered that Im mediately after the Civil War some extremists on the race question sug gested that- a district or territory of pany of N- w York, N. Y. Mr. Pace is the United States be set of as a res-, desirous of getting in touch with sln servatlon for the Negroes alone, a sort gera and musicians of the race ho of American Liberia. Possibly the have tad nt along this line and with Southslde of Chicago could be net Race Merchants and dealers who are aside for this purpose. Its population is almost exclusively Negro and its official, state and municipal, are of the same race. "Many of these Negroes came orig inally, and only a few years ago, from Louisiana and Mississippi. The efforts to win. them back to the South hes not been at all encouraging. They are being held together by their large numbers and their political favors. The people of Chicago have awakened, to the fact that they hav- a race problem of their own to solve, and very murked differences of opinion have developed among them as to the proper treatment of the question, as the anti-Negro riots of last year showed. Chicago, therefore, has a far kindlier sentiment towards the South in Its efforts to solve these "race problems" fairly, justly and to the ad vantage of all. - II IXC. A RAKK OPKNS WITH LARGE DEI-OMITS. (By A. N. P) Chicago, 111., Jan. 20. The Blnga State Lank opened Its doors to the public on Momi. v, the 8rd of Jan uary. It was a rti letter day In the history of this city. 1100 people de posited more than $50,000. This large amount added to the deposits tu"ned over to the new institution by the JBtnga private tank raised the total deposits for the day to the comfor table sum of $201,000. Jesse Blnga the President of the hank. Chaiiea S. Jackson Is the Vice President and C. V. Lang-ton is f.he Cashier. The bank is located at the corner of State St. and 86th Place, right in th? heart of the huslm'ss section of the famed "Black Belt" ing Dec. 31st, 1920. Two years ago we were permanently organized and duly chartered. When we began, we had neither money nor "Letters of Credit;" but, we did have a will to do and a determination to succeed; and, with confidences in our selves, faith in the race and hope in the future, we hoisted our flag and struck out, boldly. In the virgen field of "Real-estate." How well we have succeeded is indicated In this re port and shown by the financial state ment. Object. As the name implies, the object of the Company is to erect and repair buildings; to accumulate and loan money on the the same; to purchase and sell subdivisions of real estate, in the city of Dallas, and to Improve the same. : Cuptlnl Stock. The Company was orlgnally cnpital ized at ($5,000.00) Five thousand dol lars; but, it soon became so popular and the demands for its shares regu ular, that we found It necessary to Increase our shares and amend our charter. Today, w are chartered for ($15,000.00) Fifteen thousand dollars; and, judging the furutre by the past, the day is not far distant when the company will be capitalized for the neat sum of ($50,000.00) Fifty Thous and Dollars and doing the magnifi cent sum , of One Hundred Thousand Dollars worth of business, annually. Number of Shares Sold. Including the, shares of 1819, the Company has sold six hundred and twenty-seven shares valued at Thirty One Thousand, Three Hundred and Fifty Dollars. Organize $100,000 Com- Tlt-t.rl-nt-V ' L pany ror mahing rnonograpni Records of Negro Artists. (By Norman L. McGhee). New York, N. V., Jan. 20. Announ cement has Just been made of a new departure in music and business on the part of the race. A corporation with a capital of $100,000.00 has Just been formed for the purpose of mak ing phonograph records, using exclu sively the voices and talent of Color ed people. It has long been a sub ject of comment that although Color ed people are very large buyers of phonograph records, our best voices high class musicians have had no recognitions from the large . white companies who furnish all the records that are supplied. At present only three Colored people sing for the records out of the hun dreds of artists that are employed In this work. One of these. Is mak- : 5" ""- v" but the cost was so heavy that he could not continue it The organizers of the present company believe the de mand on the part of the race to per petuate the voices of Its best musi cians must be met and that such rec ords will sell. While not depredating the com mercial value of comic songs, "blues' and ragtime songs, the new corpor ation proposes to furnish every type of race music, including sacred and spiritual songs, the popular music of the day, and the high class ballads and operatic selections. It proposes to use some of the most famous quar tettes concert artists. church and school choirs and glee clubs, togeth er with many Colored vaudeville acts, for which contracts are being pre pared and ent out. The ora-anizatlon of the comDanv Is In charge of Mr. Harry H. Pace, who has been Identified with the estab- nas seen menmieu wnn nm omu- "y"y.v:" ;;rin mVamnient Iishment of some of the largest and'ofjliberty. representative rnmlf1n most successful business ventures of the race, including tho Millon Dollar Solvent Sa.lngs Bank and Trust Co., xf Memphis, Tenn., The Standard Life In.iirflnpo Cnmnsnv nf Atlanta. Oil. I and the Pace & Handy Music Com- intcrcste I in handling such rocords. Western Mutual Fire Insur ance Co., Pays Five Claims During First Year's Business.! Pan Antonio, Texas, Jan. 20. The Western Mutual Fire Insurance Com pany owned and operated solely by Negroes, during the past year has paid five claims to policy holders for damages by fire and written lnsuran ance to the amount of more than $1,000,000. The latest claim to be paid was tl.at of Wm. McDontM' of Hubbard, Texas,, whose dwelling was burned a few iliys au and on which he car ried $1,000 worth of insurance. This company which has nearly 160 representativei In Texas is the first Negro Institution of its kind to oper ate among Negroes. It has over $1,000,000 worti cf insurance in force and Is fast establishing a record of promptness In Its settlements. DENVER STAR Bl. FOR DEAD. (By A. N. P.) Denver, Colo-, Jan. 20. Charlea S. Muse, Editor of the Denver Star, suc cumbed to typhoid pneumonia. Mr. Muse had a brilliant career here, tak ing an active Interest In fighting Race proscription of every sort and leading through the Star many politi cal battles. )io was prominent in fra ternal affairs, being supreme Repre sentative of the Colored K, of P.'i The volume of business, for the year, has more than met our expec tations; which, I take It, Indicates that tne organization not only came at an opportune time; but, that "It came to stay. Statement Of Receipts And .Expenses. Receipts. Balance brought forward Jan. 1. 1920 .. .1 4404. t,2 Cash on Shares 13623.07 casn Prm. & int 1048.75 Cash Sales and Rents 2102.64 $21,179.08 . Expenses. Cash. Realestate Cash Leagal Service Cash Taxes and Int. . . . Cash Salaries , Cash Outstanding Checks Discount on Ilonds, etc Balance on hand .$ 11460.00 160.50 2637.94 350.00 559.99 6010.65 ' $21,179.08 And Llnblll- Statement of Resources ties. Resources. Bal. on hand 1 Jnn. 1, 1921 $ 6010.65 Notes Receivable 9200.00 Reul Estate 28,180.00 $43,390.65 Liabilities. Notes Payable $ B.OlO.OO Interest payable 700.00 Assets over Liabilities .... $7,690.66 $43,390.65 Ultimatum of New York May ' Vtt.i' JL n I .1 Or Eiiecuveiy cars ESiau- Iishment of Ku Klux New York, N. Y., Jan. 20. Mayor fiymn oeciarea last night the Ku Klux Klan would not be tolerated In New York City. His utlmatum on the question of whether a place would be accorded the Klan, here rwas con tained In the following letter to Po lice Commissioner Enrlght: "Dear Commissioner An article ap pearing today in one of the newspap ers and purporting to be the first of a series of subsequent articles oh the same subject Is headed, 'Ku Klux Klan to Invade North In Nation-wide Drive.' The purposes of the Klan are described In the article and mention Is made of an issue between the white race and all the Colored races and the foreign elements. "No Room For Klan Here. "Without attempting to pass upon the merits of tho proposed activities of the Ku Klux Klan or any simi lar organization, "here is no room In this city for any group which runs' counter to law and order and tends to create class antagonism. "The administration of this city has been conducted without special favors to any class. We cannot permit any portion of law-abiding element of our population to be brow-beaten or In Utirldated, and any attempts In this di rection should be met with stern re pression. "Now York City Is unique In the dl versity of Its population. It Is this which has contributed to lt great ness. People of every race and clime from all parts of the world have come to our shores, and added to our muni cipal growth and grandeur. It be hooves us to strengthen the unifying influences which will cause the varied elements of our population to func tion harmoniously together for the common good, "incites Haoe riatred." "Under the Constitution, equal rights and opportunities are accorded to every man, woman and child living In our country. Every citizen. Irres pective of race, color or creed, can demand equal recognition , In the com mon affairs Iff life. - "This Is t-oognlzud by all loyal Americans devoted to the principles o tiA thn aunremucv of law. No group or set of men can be a law in. to it self nor arrogate to-itself the right to rule others by reason of the pos session of money, power or a self constituted guardians of liberty. "It is unfortunate that some news papers and other means of access to the public heart and mind, Incite rather than allay race prejudice and hatred. It makes the work of those responsible tor the maintenance of law and order more difficult But gov ernment and authority must be res pected, and the police must see to It that this Is done. "Verv truly yours, "JOHN F. HYLAN, Mayor." Tuskegee Head Plans Lecture Tour.- (By A. N. P.) Tuskegee Institute, Al t., Jan. 20 In response to the many Invitations of Colored and white citizens "of middle western states. Dr. Robei t A. Moton, Principal of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute and President of th - National Negro Busi ness League will make a speech-making tour of that section early in the month of February. On his itinerary Dr. Moton will deliver addresses ,in some of the principal cities of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. NEGRO IHlICKMASOPf ESTABLISHES ItliW WORLD'S RECORD. (By A. N. P.) Elbcrton, 'Ga., Jan. 20. What Is be lieved to be a new world's record was Hung up here by Jim Merlwetlier, Colored, who laid 12,000 brick by act ual count in two hours. That wan a record of 100 brick per minute for entire two hours. It required twelve able-bodied men to wait upon him. He is laying the vitrified brick on one of the mala thoroughfares of Elbert on. ...... A A UW0S UPIJIEII- Visitors to Hampton Discuss Scarcity of Schools For Training of African Girls. Would Found Schools. By Wm. Anthony Aery.) Hampton, Va., Jan. 20. "The boys ofWest Africa are getting good chances for Industrial and technical training, but for a thousand miles there is not a single school that ca ters to the vocational education of African arirls." Hneiarari Mr. raHAiv Hayford, a native African, president of the proposed West African Indus trial ana Technical School for iris, Freetown. Sierra Leone. In her r.n.ni adress to the members of the Hamp ton Institute faculty on "The Needs and Possibilities of Africa." Mrs. Hay ford said: "Women give to countries hi. chief characteristics. If the women are strong physically, intellectually, and morally, then the men are similarly strong. The women of Africa lead natural, outdoor lives. They are strong, fine and unselfish. They lead lives of complete effa,cement These women, however, are broken-hearted. They realize their children are not getting a chance to receive an education. It Is hard for girls to keep their res pect without any money in their pock ets. "For the past four months my niece and I have been in America. We are trying to Interest neonle In the eatah. iishment of a vocational, school for the ItiriH oi west Arrica. the lirltlsh Government Is favor able to our educational plans. It is glad to see the natives helping them selves. It has promised to make a suitable grant of land and to provide one-half the funds required for the school. ' "Many think of Africa as Inhabited by savatreg. but it la. a minnnmnr tn call people 'savage," who do as beautl- rui art work as do the Africans that have never come In eontnet with whita people, who engage In communal life, who' have such Innate Ideas of polite ness, and who have such a rnmnnri outlook on life. The keynote of the twentieth cen tury is Christian efficiency. Some for ty years ago one could keep body and soul together in ATrlca for ten to fif teen cents a day. The impress on Af rica, however, of western eivillzatinn lias broadened the ideas of Africans. How can the economic change be met? We b( ileve It can be met thru Christian efllulency. This is what we propose, with the help of our friend to give African girls. Miss Kathleen M. Easmon, a native African, who waa one out of eight hundred students at the Roval Col lege of Arts of England to receive a Special Talent Scholarship and who successfully completed a four-year art course at South Kensington, referred to tne need of givn , Arrican girls some 'education for life' and of bring ing Into helpful contact the pennle of the town and the country or 'I'U.n,' as it Is called In Africa. "The people of Africa are dissatis fied," said &.lss Easmon. "They have an instinct to beautify everything. They have artistic longings. They dec orate every conceivable object wooden spoons, caiaoasnes, trays, norns, ana even discarded whiskey bottles and cigarette tins. They work straights jlwav on menu. lAatner. and . wonfl. They do beautiful work In gf. J with very crude tools. "We In Africa feel proud of Am erican Negroes. We wish them to know what we can do, even in the bush' We wish neoDle everywhere to see and know about the. work that la done by those who are not influ enced by outsiders." , Miss Easmon displayed and describ ed some of the art work In weaving, leather, wood, and brass which ha been done by Africans who live in the hinterland. Mrs. Hayford and Miss Easmon let. Hampton for Atlanta, Tuskegee, a 1 other educational centers to preseni the needs and possibilities 6f, West African girls. . , Whites Force Colored Tenant to Vacate Home. Baltimore. Md.. Jan. 20. Wher? white residents of the 2200 block cf Oak street learned that Robert Seff, Colored, of 213 Conrtland street, own er of 2217 Oak Street, contemplated renting bis property to Colored ten ants they started a small-slzo race riot, with the result that tho Colored, tenant was forced out of th- district According to reports, the whites warned Seff aga'.nst carrying out his plan to rent his house to George V'lowers, and also warned Flowers rot to move into the house. Both partita ignored the warnings and last Satur day morning Flowers took possession and brought his furniture. During the afternoon several white men notified him to vacate before dark or take 'the consequences. When darkness set in ho was there and a crowd began assembling. The men threw stones at the house and de manded that he "get out." Flowers re fused. The crowd grew. About mid night the crowd "rushed" the house, smashed the front door and hurled stones through the windows. Then someone yelled "police" and the crowd scattered. When the police arrived Flowers vacated, moving to 100 Wert Twentieth street a. m. e. cnrncir ov Philadel phia CEI.EIIUATEM 123TH AMM YEltSARY. . (By A. N. P.) Philadelphia, Penn., Jan. 20. The Zoar Methodist Eplscoi al Church, Twc'.th. and Melon streets, celebrated lis , 125th anniversary. Zoar Church is tfn oldest church for Negroes in the L'nl; mJ Statee. Four vitupertles have been purchased on Nori-ii street, adjoining the church, tho erection pf a large community building, promised to rival any in thp CHAMPION OF JUSTICE MESSENGER OF HOPE I HOSPITAL THE TEXAS LEGISLATURE IS ASKED TO PROVIDE FUNDS TO ERECT TUBERCU LAR SANITARIUM FOR NE- rDnrc Austin, Texas, Jan. 20. A bill call ing for an appropriation of $300,000 for the establishment of a Negro Tu bercular hospital for Negroes has been introduced in . the TexaB Legislature now In session by W. H. Bledsoe of Lubback and Gulnn Williams of De catur. Its' establishment Is provided for similar to the ono now located at Carlsbad for white tubercular patients. Its location would be left to a com mittee oon'posed of the chairman of the Board of .Control, the superinten dent of the Sanitarium at Carlsbad anu me cuaie rteairn ijmeor. It Is highly probable that the rea son for the IntroducMnn nf thia hill Is to be f.nind In the, recent state- ment of the field secretary of the . Txas Public Health , to - the effect that in''the whole State of Texas there Was not a single bed ol hospital cot provldod ffr Negio tubercular pa tents in spite of the fact that thwr u,.nv, ,iuui mm uincaso ib -nearly three times as. great as that Of the whites. , Its Introduction at this time when the financial condition of the state ,b utui-i iiimi ill ninny jrnri may argue forcibly for its support Its authors express themselves high- ly hopeful that it will be well sup ported. , . Jury Grants $1,000 For .Man's Life Lost hy Negligence " (By A. N, P.) w . .. wionigomery, Ala., Jan. JO. $1,000 00 for a life lost by criminal negligence was practically the verdict by the Federal Jury In the recent case of J. . ,,rt."r faln"t e Central of Geor gia Hallway. . The plaintiff hnd asked for $25,000 damages., as compensation for le llVmf Ta),Ior' who w" killed June The Jury bv Its verdict sustained the contention of the plantlff that an en gineer Is looking along the track from his engine muMt ot necessity sen any object the size of a man on the track, and that his testimony that he did not see such an object is open to contro versy. Another plea sustained by the ver dict was that though railroad em ployes are not bound to keep a look out along the track for tresspassers, yet If a tresspasser Is discovered and no warning la given or attempt made to stop the train, the railroad ,1a re sponsible. . , . . Simon Taylor was employed by the railroad tor splitting crossties, for fuel at a pumphouse near Goodwater. The plaintiff alleged that In order to carry ties across the railroad track, and thus discharge his duty, he was consequently not a tresspasser at the time he was alleged that was killed. It was further alleged that 'he was struck without warning, after being discovered on the trnek. And that even admitting that he waa a tress passer the plaintiff was entitled to damages. - The argument of the defense In the early part of the trial; sought to de- my the man was killed by a train at ail, there being no eye- witnesses. It was further alleged by the defense that even If killed by the defendants train, he might have met his death while attempting tjp climb aboard, or Jump off the train. Contributor's neg ligence was also claimed, it being al leged that Taylor waa an aid man and deaf. The strong point In the testimony of the plaintiff was that of Mrs. Ala bama Brlglns, Colored, who declared that ahe saw the train from her house as it passed and that the en gineer's head was at an angle which Indicated that he was looking. Go down the track. Further evi dence was Introduced to show that the train gave no warning signal as passing, and the plaintiff held that the engineer must have seen the de ceased Taylor on the track and neg ligently failed to give warning. "Abyssinian Priace" Stirs Chicago Court at Trial. Chicago, Jan, 20. Grover C. Redd ing, self-styled "Prince of Abyssinia. " who. with seven Negroes, Is on trial nharo-eH with m, .,.,. i . , rwith the deaths of Ralph Rose, a saii- i, auu joei noyt, a cigar store owner, during a disturbance. In the southslde "r.ut: belt" last Fall, halt ed ins trl uv, .ral times with out breaks of temper 'luring which he re peatedly thr teni to "lick any one In the room." Once Redding - Jumped frcn his chair and Hit a ballff In the Jaw, knocking him down. Another time he took several small boxes of matches and, hurled them at different porapna in tlie room and h frequent ly challenged spectators and court of ficials to "come up and fight it out." At one time ballfrs drew thi-ir revol vers to maintain order. Other dufepdsnts testified t.iat Red oing poses as the "Prince of Jehovah" In making promises to take hundreds of Negrcs back to Abyssinia, and that he promised them great weolth and power If they would follow him. James Briggs, one of the defendants, testl ted that Redding told him a $10,iij train was to be chartered to tour the South and collect Neg.oes for the pilgrimage back to Abyssinia. When Bnggs protested that such a tnlng was impossible, he said, Redding tpid him he had "bribed President Wilson with $500,000 and two Ivory tusks to a'low the tour, The testimony or several police offi cers, who arrested, some of tne de fendants, closed the State's tosUmony. -Ity, will be under way before long. The building will have large and pioilernly equipped i wms for all kinds of religious, social and educa tional work. An extensive . libra t-v. gymnasium, restrooms, btllard rooms and suitable halls for all forms of u tortainment will bo Installed. In connection with the 'community building an Industrial school iwh.re boys and girls may tnke U5 tho study of trades has beyn planned.