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In. r G00D7IB Lir?HI.'iU liJUWIiSIIY 0? T&US 5c PER COPY 5c PER COPY I EYEBIWHERE EYEimVHKttE ALWAYS PROGRESSIVE DISTINCTIVE IN SERVICE A CHAMPION -OF JUSTICE A MESSENGER OF HOPE in i - Founded by W. E. King "The Republican Party Is The Ship, All Else Is The Sea." Fred Douglas. ' . IKIt ANOTM VOL. XXXIX, NoTs. ' THK PALLAS EXI'IIESS, PAIXAH. TKXA3, SATUKDAV. NOVE.MBKK5, t92l. , PRICE FIVE CENT8 LAND COMPANY PLANS TO ESTABUSH COLONY IN MEXICO. 21,800 ACRES IN TRACT BOUGHT BY RACE MEN FOR AGRICULTURAL COLONY BELOW BORDER. Los Angeles, Cal. Nov. 3. Having for Its object the establish ment of a little Liberia In Lower Cal ifornia, where the Negro may carve out his own future, a unique coloni zation plan has been launched here by a group of influential men. The scheme, as announced by Hugh E. Maclleth, well- known attorney, is to place at least 200 families of In dustrious .Negroes on a bin; block of agricultural' land below the border and permit them to acquire possession of their farms on long-term payments. A tract of land embracing; 21,800 acres has been purchased by a sydicate of local business men. This land is held by the Lower California Mexican Land and Development Company, of which Theodore V. Try la president, Mr. MacBeth Is secretary. The company was Incorporated for $250,000, and Mr. Maclleth states that virtually the entire issue of stock was taken up by wealthy Negroes In this city. The colonization company has already seen several families to "Little Liberia,'' he says, and an ac tive campaign for colonists will be made during the next six months. According to officers of the com pany, the colony lands lie sixty-eight miles south of Ran Diego. thirty seven miles northeast of Ensenada, and five miles inland from the coast. It is believed that 70 per cent of the tract is irrigable. It is flanked by mountains of the coast range. This tract of farm land was pur chased by local Negroes in 1918. and since that time has been UBed large ly' for wheat growing. Complete soil and water tests have been made, and the company. Mr. MacBeth says, Is now ready to break the land up into . units of forty acres and multiples thereof, for the benefit of homeseek ers. In the opinion of Mr. Troy, who heads the company, the oil outlook is quite as promising as the agricultural future of the district in question. He declares that wells of good water can be secured at a depth of from six to twenty feet, and that the supply aeems inexhaustible. The lands He alongside the Mexican highway lead ing to San Diego. Roads are not good, but the company hopes to Im prove them when colonists arrive in large numbers. , It appears that the land Is too near the coast for good cotton culture. The company has made a study of its ag ricultural possibilities and la convinced that the best results will be secured by growing live stock and such crops as walnuts, deciduous and citrus fruits, alfalfa, potatoes and melons. Next spring officers of the company, with several prominent Mexicans from Lower California, will make a tour of the United States, visiting many cities whore wealthy Negroes reside, to lay the fact's before them and secure their moral and financial support for the undertaking. in the course of a few weeks sev eral reels of motion pictures, reveal ing the many great natural resources of the country and depicting Its possi bilities in the way of hunting and fishing, will be made as an exploita tion feature to use in connection with the tour to be made by the coloniza tion officials. FOURTEEN CITIES NOW HAVE T BUILDINGS. New York, Oct. 37. Fourteen Colored V. M. C. A.'s have been built in as many cities during the last eight years and effort are be ing made to erect several more, L. Wilbur Messer, general secretary of the Chicago Y. M. C. A., reports. The total cost has been $1, 980,000. Those buildings were put up with the help of Julius Kosenwald. Under a standing offer of $250,000 toward , each new one, he has contributed a total of J350.000 and his offer still has a year and a Imlf to run. Paid-up membership In the Negro associations numbers 22,000 and they reach many more. Mr, Messer said. That In Chicago, the first and largest, men and boy members last year. It was at Mr. Rosenwald's suggestion and with his help that the plan wag tried here and his gifts to other cities continues to be made through the Chicago Y. M. C. A. . A. Arlhor la Charge. George A. Arthur, Colored, Is in charge of the Chicago Colored de partment. Colored management is the rule through oil fourteen departments. Mr. Arthur h;d made a success in business before he resolved to pioneer In this field, and Mr. Messer reports he has conducted his department 'with success and credit" . The budget of Mr. Arthur's depart ment ti ls year is 89,000 and the Col ored people pay about 87 per cent or It. . Adjustment of the rural Negro of the outh to the industrial north Is a more difficult problem than that of the Immigrant, according to Mr. Arthur. He adds that the Colored r. M. C. A.'s have been the chief factor in their communities In promoting this readjustment, because they were 'he only Institutions that had the neces sary equipment and methods on lead ership already at hand. llrenl.s Up Gangs. Bad gangs of young Colored boyr have been broken up by the local X. M. C. A.. Mr. Arthur reports by get' ng their members interested in swimming and other sports. It works largely on industrial lines, having eleven base ball teams organized tills ye" '"J nearby packing houses and Industrial plants, ft also has formed efficiency clubs of Colored men within tne plants, . , - Other Colored Y. M. A.'s are located In New York, Brooklyn, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Columbus, St. Louie, in. riianapnlis, Nashville, Cincinnati, Kan sas City, Baltimore, Washington and Atlanta. NEGRO SETTLEMENT AT MEXIA WILL BE RICHEST IN WORLD. , Mexla, Nov. 3. Interest In the Mex la oil field in now centering in end about Woodland school house and yard, a Colored settlement about three miles southwest of Mexla. Mora t) n fifty derricks can l counted from tii-' steps of the school house, and lome of these derricks are over the largest Rroducers of the entire field. The In abltants of this' district, mn'tly Ne- f roes, are already reaping the bene Its of the oil. Many have sold leases on their land, p.nd as yet no royalties have been paid, but the money from the leases is being used to buy cats NATIVE AFRICAN SPEAKS AT HAMPTON INSTITUTE. Says Christianity is the Cure for Ills of that Continent; Says American Help Needed. By Wm. Anthony Aery. Hampton, Va.. Nov. 3. That the time has come for the black people of the world to play their part In helping to Christianize the 400,000,000' Africans, who are suffering and dy ing through Ignorance and exploita tion; that Africa must contribute to the spredd of Christianity through the work of American Neerroes who feel j some responsibility for their brothers j in Africa; and that Mohammedanism I can only be checked by Christianity, through the consecration of educated I leaders who will make sacrifice for i their fcllowmen these ideas were re cently presented at Hampton Institute, ; by l'rof. J. K. K. Aggrey of Llving 1 stone College, Salisbury, N. C., a Gold Coust native, who cahie to America j at the age of 22 and. after 22 years of training, was eventually selected ; an a member of the African Education ! Commission, which spent 14 months in : travel under the leadership of Pr. i Thomas Jesse Jones, Educational di rector of tlin Phelps-Stokes Fund. I Professor Afcgrey. who was intro 1 duced by Principal Gregg of Hampton, gave a vivid account of his 30,000 mile Journey through Sierra Leone, : Liberia, Gold Coast. Nigeria, Camer oon, llelgian Congo, Angola, South Africa, and Kant Africa. He said: j "Now and '.again people saly, 'Liberia j has failed.' 1 say, "Liberia has not failed. It has not had a chance.' "In the Interior of Nigeria the cres cent Is growing bigger and bigger. The Cross seems to be getting weaker and weaker, but It is not getting ! weaker. The question of Africa and the world is: Crescent or Cross! The I challenge of the ages comes from Af rica; Africa is not going to be won 'for Christianity until Christians are ' themselves converted. ! "Black people do not prefer to wor ship the god of Mohammed. The white ' man, however, comes and says, 'God ; Is white and the devil is black.' The Mohammedans say. 'Our God is Just like yours.' "If our white friends will educate and Christianize us, fill us with hearts of love and give us a chance, we will stop the onrush of Mohammedanism. "Every time the black man has been given a chance In war and has been given the flag, he has either I brought back the flag with honor or ' reported to give the reason why.' "The challenge has come from Afrl , ca for the Christians of the world i particularly the Colored people of America to rise up and help Africa. , There are 5.000.000 people In South Africa calling for help; 6.000,000 In i Angola; 17,000,000 In Nigeria; 2.000, 000 on the Gold Coast; 2.500,000 in Libecla; and 2.000.000 in Sierra Leone. "Africa needs about 1,000 young , men and women now. In one place ' 660 out of 1000 children that are born die, because there is no nurse there 1 to teach the people. There Is no doc tor there at all. The men are dying for the want of the right kind of food. i 'The time has come when somebody from here, either by means or by per f1in, should make up his or her mind ' to touch Africa and give that contl- nent to God. Max Yergan, one of our own young men, expects to go soon. I He Is going to be an entrance wedge ! to that great continent. "All Africa is restless. In this coun- try there is also restlessness. Africa i is DiiPDiing ana is anxious to reacn up , its hand to God. The time has come when black people themselves ought to do something. Hampton educated Hooker Washington, who showed that ' black people, are appreciative by start ,ting Tuskegee. When they call upon vou to help carry on the work that Max Yeagan is going to do. I hope that you Hampton boys and girls will i not fail. "There Is no Y. M. C. A., in Nigeria, I none on the Gold Coast, none In the i Cameron, and practically none In South Africa. There are over 60,000,000 native , peoi'le without one worker among them. We are sending only Max Yer- "The white man will bring his gold, business acumen, and railways, but the Negro is going to bring his childlike faith. What the black man (Continued on page 8 t KENTUCKY GOVERNOR TO ATTEND INTERRACIAL MEET. Louisville, Ky., Nov. 3. An inter racial state conference will be held In Ixnilsville, Friday and Saturday, Nov 4-6 .according to announcement made by the slate Y. M. C. A. Among the speakers who will ap pear on the program are Gov. Ed win P. Morrow. George Colvin. state superintendent of public Instruction; Dr. W. W. Alexander, of Atlanta, Ga.; director of the Inter-raclal movement In the South; Mrs. Luke Johnson, f Georgia, director of the women's di vision of the movement: Hishop George Clement, and Mrs. Holm Bruce of Louisville. Among the Negroes of prominence who will speak are Mrs. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, of North Carolina, one of the leading women of that race ln the South, and Attorney Wil liam K. Harrison, of Chicago, who la said to be an orator of some distinc tion. Two delegates, one white and one Colored, will be expected from every county Inter-raclal committee in the state, as well as a good representa tion from the Slate Inter-P.aclal Com mission, which has a membership of between fifty and seventy-five. The prof ram Is In charge of James Rond, state secretary or Inter-raclal worlc. The Inter-raclal work was started In Kentucky State Y. M. C. A., and It has been successfully carried on over since. A conference was held last year In Louisville. The meetings this year, as last, will be held In the Courthouse. and luxuries which heretofore they have been unable to afford. The district will probably become known as the richest Negi settlement In the entire world. A dot rick is be ing erected on the school site, and geologists are firm In the belief that a well In any part of this district. If drilled to the Woodbine sand, will on a good producer. The tact of land belonging to the church has been leased and tools are on the grounds for the erection of a derrick. Botn properties are being developed by the S. F. Balentine company. TAKES RACE RELATIONS AS TEXT AND OF EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY IN THINGS POLITICAL AND INDUSTRIAL SAYS THAT NEGRO ADHERENCE TO RE PUBLICAN PARTY IS UNFORTUNATE. Birmingham. Ala.. Nov. 3. The right of the American Negro to broader po- litical, economic and educational ad- vantages, based on a pride of race but never on an aspiration for social equality, was championed by President Harding here In a plainly worded enunciation of his views on the whole American race problem. These are some of the principles on rvoim uu: iiruoiuoni aupeaiea to iuh - union 10 lay esiae oiu prejuuices t ruwu - j nut. and old antagonisms,'' and give sup- l ly and economically there need be no port to a constructive policy of racial I occasion for great and permanent dlf relatlonshlp: ferentlatlon, for limitations of the in- "Politlcally and economically, there dlvldual's opportunity, provided that mcaiiy ana economically, uere be no occasion for great and need permanent differentiation, provided on both sides there shall be recognition of the absolute divergence in things social and racial." I would say let the black man I uncompromisingly against every sug Kestlon oi social equality. This Is , not a question of social a question of recognizi mental, eternal, inescupu ence.1 Itaelnl Amalgamation. W . i . i ti 1 in i 1 iro in n t ij m thnra cannot be. i'artnership of the races ln de- .v, vTi.,i,o. oi... c 0ii ho. manltv there must be if humanity is ... .,..i,u... !,. n.kik Ui.,PU a.t for it!1' Iship of a reunited nation. He said In part: "The world war brought us to full recognition that the race problem is ! national rather than merely sectional. i "There are no authentic statistics, :but It is common knowledge that the 1 world war was marked by a great migration of Colored people to the ! north and west. They were attracted IV... ...1 . u t.tu-1.- ,k i. i. ir. ." .. hii.i :.m. ovtont that I wnnirf mean it If on in recent years at a rate so ac-; the white man voting when he is un-, I spoke of equality of economic op- ""lu""- . t . ., . " It embodies the suggestions made 1 lit to vote vol,n wnen ne " un iportunity as between members of the J n of race to be of a particular sec- by the DepBrtmcnt of JuHttce ln ordor i wish that both the tradition of same race. In each case I would mean lon- Jll8..R8 ao nor w.1Bn 1 " to remove any doubt as to the con- a solidly democratic south and the equality proportioned to the honest . t be politically entirely one party. I gt,tuUonallt of tne nloa8ure. The fllI tradition o 'a solid ly republican black capacities and deserts of the Individ- b''nldeV?OPth?,t, ''Jf, "of the 1 xt , the Pyer Antl-Lynchlng Bill, '"IT , i'upCa. educaJUa'; , v , MVftMdT The black man should seek to De, I say jct tne black man vote when he my own political party to lay I ' ' wiinoui uinuni, oi . ana ne snouia do encouragea to oe, B f t to vote: prohibit the wh te man . " w 5 D. the best possible black man and not voting when Is unfit to vote. Especial- up th black man as a mere political Section. 2. If any State or govern- the. best possible imitation of a white jy would I appeal to the self-respect adjunct. Let there be an end of pre- mental subdivision thereof fails, ne- By A- N P.) man.'. I 'Z Ti J?i,?a r would Inculcate Judice and of demagogy in this line, gleets, or omits to provide and main- n A i- . The president's address which 1 ?' we h wish to improve Itself aS L 'he South understand the menace tain proctection to the life of any per- ' Washington D C, Nov J The brought him fi" m Washington on hi. 1 ti? wlu. Vhmdl v . -"lch lies in forcing upon the black son within it Jurisdiction against a mixed mass of charges and denials of ?t.?"VxMTrlpWrn2 "south' SW.S.rVpT "Utud. of po.itica. so.iditary. mob or rlotuou. "--blage such atrocltie. f America. Mar a,.- n r,iiin.iiiiir ..f . eltv of Hi rminirham. :'..V.r nDrrr,wln nv "Rverv ronlriertlon It seems to nave denied to such person the equal aior ' aiccomiiLK oi Illinois iilsi ttuu It was devoted almost exclusively to right, such as are proceeding In me brings us back at least to a ques-1 ,te?"?h ' ' 'h" tJ?l ',a1; The Committee learned from MaJ the race question, although Mr. Hard- both rural and urban communities now tion of education. When I speak of 1 !!d,.,Sf -fil (Jlhi,ti,t i". T C K United States Marine ling also took -occasion- to praise the lntnSouthern statev. satisfying natur- education a. part of Uils race " I rinlV" JStSS by Vconst tu?lon may lorn.-that TnproXafely 'i.Soo ntive. 1 south for Its Industrial recovery and .1 inclinat ons and adding notably to tion, I do not want the states or the ' "'"a..!""lef ,V.y..."8luullon y nr.i. niie,i i .,..i.n ..rino- ff ne- to renew faith ln the world leader- hnnniness and contentment nation to attempt to educate people, .. - ... i n-h. "3 111' v. v 111 ci 1 114 mi inuui nuu Ltiu .& . tneiT Own leaaers, capnuie VI uimri- iiuuibi ' o '-" i ' " " ' '; ' " ' ' - ler wages offered. It has brought the standing and sympathizing with such to rise to a higher plane If he would duty to death, or any State or mu question of race closer to north and i, differentiation between the races as deserve It For that sort of educa- nlclpal officer charged with the duty I west, and. J believe, It has served j nave suggested leaders who will . tion, I have no fears whether it be of apprehending or prosecuting any i to modify somewhat, the views of n8Dire the race with the proper Ideals ' given to a black man or a white man. person participating in such mob or 1 those sections on this Question. 1 1 1 .. t . . .-i.i. of national nririe of 1 Krom that sort of education. I believ I riotuous assemblage who falls, ne-, has made the south realize its Indus- triui dependence on tne laDor 01 me black man and made the north realize the difficulties of the community in which two greatly differing races are brought to live side by side. I should say that it has been responsible for larger charity on both sides, a begin - 1 nlng of better understanding; and ln ine iignt oi mat ueuer unuerstauuing, manlty tnere must oe n humanity, 1101 perhaps shall be able to consider this only here, but everywhere. Is to ac problum together as a problem of all hieve the ends which we have set for sections anu or Dotn races, in wnose solution the best intelligence or boui must be enlisted, Can't llllnk at Facta, Indeed, we will be wise to recog- nize It as wider yet. "Whoever will take the time to read and ponder Mr. Lothrop Stoddard's 000K on .tne rising iiae or color, or say, the thoughtful review of some recent literature on this question which F. D. Lugard presented in a recent Kdlnbuigh review must realize that our race problem here in the United States Is only a phase of a race issue that the whole world con fronts. Surely we shall gain nothing by blinking at the facts, by refusing to give thought to them. That Is not the American way of approaching such Issues. "Mr. Lugard, in '. his recent essay, after surveying the world's problem of races, concludes thus: " 'Here, then, is the true conception of the Inter-relation of color com plete uniformity In Ideals, absolute METHODIST EPISCOPAL LEADERS WILL MEET. Detroit Mcih., Nov. 3. Tiie Rev. Dr. H. J. Wade, D. D., Corresponding Sec retary oi me committee on conserva Uethodlst nnounces shurch to Isslonary tion ana Advance or tie Metnodi Episcopal Church. Chicago, a a national conference of the ch nslder its world wide misslo 'The . purpose of the conference.'' Dr. Wade salu, "Is to assemble out- l..dlnr ..i...l.ll.. . .k. U.llin. Idlst Kplscopal Church for three days; I STr,"";; 3 . .rY"","' oi inanKsgiving, prayer ana c The conference will be held for I matioh. Inspiration and deepening of line spiritual lite or the juetnoqii" ?'?.la'-.AJ'ei??A i no vu&u mi. cuuieruiice America anu 'all the world will hear the solemn ; voice of a church re-lteratlnt its loyal devotion to Jesus Christ as the hope of the world, at a time when the ! spiritual forces of the world are un- ' aroused. The Committee In charge has timed i the conference with regular meetings of boards of Home Missions, Church 1'.,. . ..I.-. .1 T.'.l. Ik. Inimn I Extension and Education, the Council I of Boards of Benevolence and meetngs of the lSlshopn. All seats at the con ference will be assigned and reserved. The following groups are being Invited i all of the Blohops of tha Church. Dis trict supcrintenaents, memDers or tne Council of Board of Benevolence, mem bers and staff of constituent boards, the editors of all of the great Metho dist newspapers, five psstora and five onu uei.evoieni nieresu to oe '''" "'"''" ,n- ma ie.rt while He- which Sheriff . Bennett was trying to in the Central Methodist Episcopal company is the male lead, wnne lie- , . .. Columbia for safekeeping. Church. Detroit, November 15, 16 and j glna Cohee does the femMo lead. tfatai v snot it wm sal! lMl. . '?""! HVJ1'' f he ,"0XA PiC: when he tried to es?ape. The wound layment from each Episcopal area iniat Cristobal and Colon referring to addition to members of the boards, the Ku Klux Klan. They are com- The first night's session will be de- '.V' 08 n?o K h v K, J? S ni voted to the discussion of Race Re-1 ah" uhor Iationshlns In the United States. The '." bl"k b.tmatnL.bu.t . ??a.Pi meeting will open with thirty minutes or music by Mr. Marry t. uuneign, i the famous Negro composer. This will be the greatest gathering ever held bet veen the quadrennial conferences of the Methodist Episco pal Church. Thre thousand Metho dist leaders from all over the United Stutes are expected to assemble and at the same time Michlaran Methodists will meet and have the privilege of equality in the paths of knowledge and culture, equal opportunity for those who strive, equal admiration for ! those who achieve: In matters social ' and racial a separate nath. each pur-1 sulne- his own Inherited traditions, preserving nis own race purity ana race pride: equality In things spirit-; rua,'; agreed divergence In the physl - cal and material.' i. 1,L ' " x ni.1 . uinuur wiivi muu;, inuviut-u on both, sides there shall be recogni- tion of tne aosaiute aivergeance in things social and racial. When I sug- gest the possibility o economic equal-! ity between the races. I mean It In ' precisely tne same wuy ana to ine . ii i.r u..r KeNtioii of icial eg.jRlity. Indeed, it 1.1 ... ii. u h.. . nf rnKlnir a "fundamental, eternal -i i ,nkiA difference. We shall have made real progress' when we -I-.T.-j- i- .1.. .j 1 X,,rnit ihiich of hnfh races ' :, .Li. r "Take the Dolittcal aspect I "On the other hand, I would insist 'upon equal educational opportunity Tor b(,th. This does not mean that both ; would become equally educated within I a generation or two generations or . ten generations. Even men of the 1 same race do not accomplish such an equality as that. But there must be gllch education among the Colored ,.i m ennhie them to develop t !. r . 'j l. 1 an honorable destiny; and important participation ln the universal eriori for advancement of humanity as a : wnoe, I Is Problem Kverywnerr. "A racial amalgamation there can 1 not be. Partnership of the races ln I developing the highest alms of all hu- it 'I can aav to you r.coDle of the South both white and black, that the time has passed when you are entitled to assume that this Droblem of races i. neculiarlv and particularly your problem. More and more It is becom- 1 iDg a problem of North: more and more it Is the problem of Africa, of South America, of the Pacific of the South Seas, of the world. It is tne problem of democracy everywhere, if we mean the things we say about demc.c-ucy. as the Ideal political ttate. 'The one thing we must sedulously avoid Is the development of group and class organization In this conn- try. There have been . times when wo heard too much about the labor vote, the business vote, .the Irish vote, the i c.indinavlan vote, the Italian vote and so on. But the demagogues who would array class against class and group against group have fortuniately found little to reward their efforts, That Is because despite the demagog- es, the idea of our oneness aa Amerl- cans, has arisen superior to every ap- (ANOTHER MOVIE COMPANY RELEASES FIRST FILM. (By A. N. P.) The Afro-American ilm Exhibitors I Company, of Kansas City, h, : : leased its f'"'"",- " !"',,- : the Lure , of b . wmn Mfl is a rive reel feature picture. Chas H. AUep u iur roiviaH, it in 'ui annnH of a tteviPH of nlfhl nrnvlded second of a . sc let of eight proviaen I'1' l"" TOllir'lJH UUUB.v. I The officers or the company are: cuuatltv. but wouia oe neipiui 10 nuve mat wuru v , : , , . , , 1, . , ni? a fundi-; 'equality' eliminated from this con- Neither political sectionalism nor any ble differ-1 sideration: to have t accepted on "?u 6'o"i"" ' ""''. oie uiner oi ., estlon P'e will in the long run prosper our "council: ! . VincXloUon Prcture.rTor Wie " -u the" body. Wethe'r" Klrk or Infer. : 'Sf'.'V''an" ? .Y,1'"0 land was still alive when the crowd .Vr, ..f'fien.' are at 112ft Vine I ,. . . ,. I(l.n.h rt ic Mw il Le malmalned at Dallas. Texas . , ,,.vnn nitv andttJ where Arthur Abcn Anderson who has had six years experience is in charge. The concern contemplates produc- Ing such pictures as will have a ready market In Central and South America, as well as In the states, They announce that thoy have a dls- I i,ihi.ti,,r. nniicv that will enable them . t() overcome some of the difficulties 1 . , . . . . . I usual to Colored productions. KP KLUX nXTKNDS OPKIIATION TO I OUP.ION PIUI.US. (By A. N, P.) cristooai, 1'ansma, nov. a. a num- ber of pamphlets have been received Panama. Nov. 3.- .i "" r -"- hearing these leaders on world wide problems and their solution. pected to assemble and rt the same time Michigan Methodists w.'ll meet mnA hivn fha nrlvllaara nf hearing ' these leaders on world wld problems land their solution. OUTLINES POLICY to mere dsss and group. And peal so I wouia wisn it migni do in in 1 matter of our national I would accept that a black not be a white man, and that he does I not need, and should not aspire to be as much like a white man as pos- ,b, , order t accomplish the best u t , possible for him. He would tcek be, and ne should be, en- 1 couraged to be, the best possible black I man and not tue oest possioie imi tation of a white man. Opposes Solid South. "It is a matter of the keenest na- "i u..th hil J tional concein that .the ' t5,,"hlJ ""JT. reservoir of ignor- population a va ' r?e"r L lgi. ance to be nrVJ0".hl",lah A" k.or.nn, - anion oi a soiiuiv democratic ouuin and the tradition of a anlfdly Repub- country. "With such convictions, one must; urge the people of the South to take advantage of their superior - under- standinir of this nrob lorn and to as- uie an attitude toward it that It i will deserve the confidence of the Colored people. Likewise, I plead with whether white or DiacK into something they are not rated to be. 1 have no sympathy with the half-backed altru - ism that would overstock us with doc - tors and lawyers, of whatever color, and leave us In need of people fit and willing to do the manual work of a work-a-day world. Uut 1 would , like to see an education that would fit every man not only to do his pal - ,i....i..H ..,,...1, aa nnDalhln Knf black men, white, the whole nation : gleets, or omits tto make all reason would diaw Immeausrable benefit. I able efforts to perform his duty ln . I n.nh.kl. ...... B II nil I l.lH UJ. ' O T I Tl f il H 11 Tl (I i .1 n. nrilBPPIltlnff t fl final have come to the end of the period of very rapid increase in our popu - llltlon. Ite8trlctea immigration Will re- duce the rate or increase ana rorce us back upon our older population to find people to do the simpler physi cally harder, manual tasks. This will require some difficult readjustment "ln anticipation of such a condi tion, the south may well recognize that north and west are likely to con tinue their drafts upon Its Colored population and that if the south wishes to keep its fields producing it will have to compete for the ser vices of the Colored man. If It will realize its need for him and deal noli, rairlv with him. tha south will he able to keep him in such numbers as your activities mane aesirauie. "It is not possible, then, that ln the long era of re-adjustment upon which we are entering, for the na- tion to lay aside old prejudices and old antagonisms and In the broad, clear light of nationalism enter upon a constructive policy ln dealing with these intricate Issues? Just as we shall prove ourselves capable of doing this we shall Insure the industrial progress, the agricultural security, the racial and political safety of our whole country regardless of race or sections and along the line of Ideals superior to every consideration of groups or class of race or color , of section or prejudice." S. C MOB SHOOTS PRISON- ER THEN BURNS BODY. Ulendale, S. C Nov. 3. Ed Kirk land .a Nearo. who was charged th having killed Eugene P. Walker, of Appleton wan taken fiom cmtody by mob and lynched. Th N wa discovered on the of a car of th) tra,n on , - - . , . - . . v. i i B0 lllttn WH LUKVIl 111 Oil HU UPIIIUMI lO , ApDieton. where tho mob dispersed, ;l.,l II,. V ...,- In .Ha ... - l.t.r .- . 't-;vJ returned has not been learned. ! i.'i.bi.nn n... .mai..,i hav shot Walker, a white farmer, today during an altercation over rent. Sheriff Ben nett was warned that a mob was I forming and placed his prisoner on a train for the State capital, but the Negro was discovered when the train was searched at Fairfax. j TiinEK nn.i.ETs woitivd vsF.n as siiiKxn. nec.ro Orange, N. J.. Xov. S. Lslng his prisoner as a shield, Policeman Wil liam Harvey defended himself against half a dozen Negroes here and es caped Injury. His Nerro prisoner was shot three times and is In the Orange Hospital ln a precarious conaition ii' Vh-n ifw .ht. wars fleeH and Moro. than '!f'Y ""."V" ??..ELref. ML ! " W"J ' J"nt 'i-'V tmV "riot was auelled ed t he seen tthat the rl atuue;deaUy Policeman Harvey heard of It start- "d the scene that the riot was quelled them and was greeted by several shots. Harvey seised shots. Harvey seised Per-iy Cornl, a Negro. Keeping behind him, he erew his revolver and returned shot fni ahnfr Negroes flocked from the houses, white men gathered ln the street, watching the battle, and several fights occurred before the reserves arrived. nan... Tlt.hnll in frnnt rt whnau housr Harvey was first fired at, was arresicil, charged with assault INEW MOVEMENT OF CAN METHODIST TEXT OF DYER LYNCHING BILL MADE PUBLIC Favorably Reported in House ( Committee it Has Raised a rmlTcaniHot Debate in Congress. The National Association for the Colored People. 70 m, ,Ah ,h.r B:7-.....'ii"u it ReDiesentaiivA , iimeni, ana maKing a demand lor MUaSur?' wholntroduced f'bod TAhTA1 M V ChT.'rTrT" T th", Cnenwl 'nairDVtov,:AUMn.ooi;.CthhUerCl,ay rnl. copy oi tne new ti. h. k i 1 iw ,.f ui..,..i ..,,.. t..A..A the Dyer An teof the bill as Itwa, favorably "h, .ctarT'cmit from Representative Dyer to James Woldon ohsosecreu of the As- sociatlon. prior to the prYnting of the A "I". To assure to persons within the lurisdlction of any State the equal pro- tection of the laws. He it enacted by the Senate and House of Itepresentatlvea of the United States of America In Congress as- sembled, That the phrase "mob or Hotuou; assemblage ' when used ln this act il shall mean an assembly composed of i five or more persons acting In conce for the purpose of depriving any per- uec. i. mat any state or munici- pal orncer cnargea wun me amy or .who possess the power or authority , as such officer to protect the life of 1 any person that may be put to death by any mob or riotous assemblage, , "or who has any such person in his ; charge as a prisoner who falls, ne- 1 gleet, or omits to make all reasonable I efforts prevent such persons from be- Inv m 1 1 Hnnlh a n tf Sin t nr mil. judgment under the laws of such State jall persons so participating, except sucn, ll any, as are or nave ut-cii uciu to answer for such participation ln any district court of the United States, as herein provided, shall be guilty of a felony, and upon conviction there of shall be punished by Imprlslnment not exceeding five years or by a fine of not exceeding $5.00 or both such fine And Imnrlsonment. Sec. 4. Any person who participate In any mob or riotous assemblage by which a person Is put to death shall be guilty of a felony, and on con- vlction thereof shall be Imprisoned for life or for not less than five years. Sec. 5. Any county In which a per- son Is put to death bv a mob or riot- uous assemblage shall forfeit $10,000 which sum may be covered by an ac - tion therefor In the name of the United States against .such county for the use of the family, if any, of the person so put to death; if he had no family, then to his aepenaent parenis, if anv fihArwlMA for the use of the or tne House of itepresentatlvea. The r' .';. 4,K" . , TL new text which is given out as an J","Pe Hd ed.' Ti?a?'if, Lst Ttk ,.f exclusive release by the National As- hu"h '",;" "Z" "'l' social Ion for the Advancement of Col. candid opinion that 90 per cent of the !LS iL.A,L ' Ile-?vn"eeA' ?.V? stock is valueless lies on the shelf United S'ltes. Such action should be grouts of sufficient size to Justily brought ond prosecuted by the district I oomblng and this form of warfum attorney of the United States of the was abandoned. district In which such county Is sit-. The witness also stated that the listed In any court of the United practice of forcing Haitians Into In states having Jurisdiction therein. If voluntary servitude in road building such forfeiture Is not paid .upon re- gangs under the rifles of the Amerl Covery of a pudgment therefore such can officered gendarmes had led to court shall have Jurisdiction to en- unsatisfactory results and had been force payment thereof by levy of exe- stopped. cutlon upon any property of the coun- j Coloarr Vsokrr'a ll'-ort. ty, or may compell the levy and The committee also received as collection of a tax therefor, or any evidence a copy of a report made by otherwise compel payment thereof by Lieut. Col. Hooker to Gen A. W. Cat mandamus or other appropriate pro- tin ln January, 1919. The report cess; ami any officer of such county stated that Lieut. 13. D. Williams ad or other pei -on who disobeys or falls mitted killing several natives who at to comply ith any lawful order of tempted to escape from road work the court In the premises shall be and that Lieut. La Vole admitted six liable to punishment as for contempt person" hod been shot, and to any other penalty provided by j Col. Hooker's report was offered to law therefor. Ii ipport MaJ. Turner's statement that Sec. 6. In the event that any per- . the natives weiv forcibly held ln per son so put to death shall have been tramportM by such mob or riotuous n-semhlage from one country to anoth- er county during- the tnme lnterven- ,n(f between nls captre and vttlnP to death, each county ln r through SiHS which he was so I .. n n .1 .......bIIw HakU . . naV the forfeiture herein proviuea. i In construing and applying this , act the District of Columbia shall be deemed a county, as shall also each j the forfeiture hei oi ilia parisues m tun oiatca v. ....v State of Louisiana, Sec. 7. Tt any section or provision of this Act shall be held by any court to he Invalid the balance pf the Act shall not for that reason be heM Invalid. PHILADELPHIA FAIR SHOWS NEGRO INVENTIONS. Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 3. The model of a machine for sewing the sole and uppeis togothor. Invented by Jan E. Matxellger, a Negro, who once work ed as a cnbler here, and from which a corporation now capitalised at $26, 000.000 grew Is being shown at the Commercial Museum. It Is among 1300 devices upon which patent papers have been Issued to Ne gro men and women, the exhibition of which began yesterday at the mu seum in connection with the autumn fair conducted by Philadelphia Colored persons. A number of the Inventions are the work of Granville T. Woods, of New York, a Negro, who has been granted fifty-five patents. Henry E. Baker, assistant examiner of patents, ex plained the exhibit. A .ageant depicting native dances and songs of Africa the songs writ ten centuries ago, showing a marked similarity to the modern Jaw music of American dance halls took place. F. Grant Gllmnre said American rag- , time and Jaix airs find their motives in Airicau .as nee music, LAYMEN IN AFRI- CHURCH BEGUN. DAYMEN BEGIN MOVEMENT ;F0R EQUAL REPRESENTA- TI0N IN EXECUTIVE BODIES. Nashville. Tenn., Nov. J. To an all" dlen.ee, which practically filled every seat In the St. John A. M. E. Church, Dr. George Stoves, pastor of th West Knd Methodist Church, delivered an effective and telling sermon and ad dress to Colored lay members of all the A. M. IS. Churches of the city. ?"na? ' ariernoon. me occasion was nl3Jn & S L "I .tlment, and making a demand for equal la ; nhohey demand that they be ghr JLf. .h.ne. t. rai money. " BO n,"cn worthless collateral. I am t ft toI?h& KAlK?ft!ll 'sVock "XTe church is to be stock or real value." He counselled the ministers to en courage the laymen ln this awakened interest. "It means that the load will be lighter for you. It means a part nership that will be satisfactory, and will make for the advancement of the kingdom.'' (Special music was furnished by the Mehurrv ounrlet snrl hv students of the State Normal School. Dr. J. H. Hale Introduced Dr. Stoves and Dr." C. V. Itonmn expressed to the speaker his thanks for the inspiring message. Souvenir buttons and membership cards were distributed t those present. Dr. L. A. Fisher, the president of the organization, presided. CLAIM HAITIANS ARE KILL ED WITHOUT TRIAL f. . , rt , niarine coma sub- mitted to the committee bv MaJ. Tur- J'1 "tated f tha! " m natives were j-.i..,. a,ton fro'm October 1 1919 tu October l 'lVo M : Turner estimated that snDroxl- '."fv 100 native Haitians weia klll- d Haitian grendarmes under the (.nmnand of American marine officers, .;""' .A .."'LA.Jri I " ,tt.1' u" onni,iij n. wr.t.-yv road building) gangs Into which they had been pressed against their will. (By A. N. P.) Some native Haitians were executed without trial, according to Maj. Tur ner. The Major was questioned at length about a constantly recurring report that a band or jr. to is nan j ians were executed without trial in I a cemetery by a body of Haitian gend- I r""" " y"""""'""' r i, A La Vole, an American marine. He had Investigated this report, he stated but had been unable to.' locate any eye witnesses of the reported execution. Never-the-less he expressed the opin ion that "something like that did oc cur." Po you mean that natives were un lawruny Kiiica."' ne was asaea. 'Yes," he replied, "Under the direction and connivance J of La Vole?" i "Yes". I sVS OFPICKKN 1.IKD. ... "And you believe that his denial was untrue?" 1 "Yes." ! Major Turner told the committee that a few airplanes were used by the marine corns for scouting purposes and to drop bombs upon rebellious pa- tives. After a time, nowever, ine na ' lives ref i ained from hratheting in vitude for work on the roads for months, and that conditio so bad that an order Was i hlbiting forced labor. -J ns oeca is Issued pt -.- GETS PATENT FOR PLANE SELF-STARTER. Mlddletown, N Y., Oct. 13. F. Doug las Warner, twenty-tnrce years old, of this city, a Negro, has received a patent for the invention of a self starter to be applied to airplane mo tors. It Is similar In operation to that of an automobile starter, being worked by the- foot pedal. Tbe -starter mec hanism Is attached to tn motor and connected with the prt seller - huh. When the foot pedal Is pressed the starter turns the propeller, which ln turn starts the motor. Millinery, embroidery, cabinet-making, with models of the races' fore most inventions will give Inspiration to our vouth. The Pageant, with a east of 50 ar tists, will depict the early life In Af rica 161$ to the present day develop ment of the race. Prizes will be awarded successful exhibitors, and contestants in dlrlls a id athletic con tests. CHINAMAN WON'T SHARE CHL WITHNEGrtQ. Chicago, 111., Nov. S. Cha-iey Hoy. a Chinese held at the county jail last Monday, sent letter to Deputy Sheriff Harry Laubenhelmer protesting against Deing confined in the same cell with a Colored man. "I want a cell by myself ot with a white man, "Hoy wrote. At the Jail it was crowd' d condi tions made the doubling i n of ths Ne fci y and the ChineaA Drbrnr necea. sary. There are now 1.6 'ii prisoners. The normal capacity li iOO.