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5c PER COPY 5c PER COPY E YERTWII EKE EVEBIWnERE ALWAYS PROGRESSIVE DISTINCTIVE IN SERVICE A CHAMPION OF JUSTICE A MESSENGER OF HOPE .r r,;:"'.j .. , .., - ..m., ... I. - - - -,.--,, ..... " ' - i . ; i " - 1 . ; Founded by W. E. King. , "The Republican Party Is The Ship, All Else Is The Sea." Fred Douglas. 2ji5 Feb ANKVM ; ; ; , , .- : , : : - , VOL. XXil. NO. 12. " THeT PALLAS DALLAS. TEXAS. BATCKDA., JANUARY 7, 10--. ' . " ' "PRICE! FIVE ' CNTS "nrp(o- J 7 Ly J Li 151 La Lm Ij J, Announcement From Tuskegee Gives Number as Larger Than For 1920. Rape Al leged in Only 19 Cases- Less Than One-third. According to the records compiled at Tuskcgee Institute by the Depart ment of Records and Research, Mon roe N. Work, In charge, there were 72 instances In which officer of the law prevented lynching- Of these 8 were in Northern States arfd 64 were In Southern States. In 1920 there were D such Instances, 46 In South ern States. In 66 of the canes, the prisoners were removed, or the guards were augmented, or other precautions taken. In 6 instances armed force was used to repel the would be lynchers. Concerning the cases of lynching, there were 19 Instances In which prisoners ware taken from the Jail and 16 Instances In which, be fore reaching a Jail, they were taken from officers of the law. . There were 63 persona lynched In 1921. Of these, 62 were in the South and 1 In the North. This Is two more than the number, 61 for the year 11920. Of those lynched 69 were Ne groes and 4 were whlt.-s. Two of those put to death were Negro women. Nineteen.' or less than one third of those put to death, wjre charged with rape or attempted rape.' Pour of the victims were burned to death. Three were put to deith and 'hen their DIVORCE GRANTED PA TRONESS OF NEGRO GRAND OPERA. Chicago, 111.. Jan. 5. Mrs. Edith Rockefeller McCormlck obtained a divorce from, Harold F. McCormlck. head of ho International Harvester Company, an hour after filing suit In the Superior court today. She charged her husband with desertion and he made formal admission. Arrangements had been made so well that Mrs. McCormlck had finish-id tes tifying before Judge Charles A. Mc Donald and was out of the county building before the clerk downstairs had completed ' his file , of the suit. For some time Mrs. McCormlck has been a resident. of Switzerland. .On her return to the United States some months ago she startled her friends by the publication of an interview in which she declared that she lias be come a student of synthetic psycholo gy. "I am a psychologist, and that con templates freedom of action." she said. "I am very human and think it a beautiful idea if two persons enjoy each other's society, and If one can help the. other, they should be per mitted to do so." Reccntlv upon special recommenda tion of the Associated Negro Press Mrs. McCormlck has manifested a personal interest In Negro Grand Op era, and the productions of Prof. Harry Lawrence Freeman, of Now York City. Prof. Freeman has com posed nine Operas, and will begin the production of them In- New York City, shortly after the first of the year. The McCormlcks have been the backers of Grand Opera In Chicago for years, and In a personal letter to the Associated Negro Press, Mrs. Mc Cormlck expressed a desire to hear the score of "The Martyr," saying that "We are looking for new ma terial." EX-GOVERNOR OF LOUISIANA DIES. Washington, I. C, Jan. 5. P. B. S. Pinchbeck, a former governor of Lou isiana, the only Negro who ever held that office and a resident of Washington for thirty years, died here at the age of eighty-four years, after a long illness. He was governor of Louisiana from December 6, 1872, to January 18, 1873, having been Lleu tenent governor at the time Gov. War moth was impeached. When the civil war broke out, Mr. Plnchhack was in New Orleans and was .captain of a company In the Jyouislhua Native Guards, vhlch was mustered Into the service of the I'nlted States. After the war he ser ved as state senator and delegate-at-large to the republican national con vention, held at Chicago in 1868 and also in 1884. President Grant appoint ed him register of the United States land office at New Orleans, but he refused the off'e. Later he served aa president of the board it police of New Orleans and as a member of the school board. A full term as sur veyor of the port of Nov Orleans fol lowed, he having been appointed to that office by Preildiiit Arthur. From 1873 to 1877 Mr. Plnchback wage! a campaign for a seat in the United States Senate, but was finally rejected by a vote of 32 to '-a. While in the running for the senatorial of fice he was elected congressman-,t-large from Louisiana, b it refused to accept the position, on the grounds that It would interfere with his 'con test for the Senate. . Mr. Pincl back owner and publisher of the New Orleans I.ouislanlan for eleven years. He Is .urvlveu by his widow, two sons. Dr. Bismarck Pin chback and Lieut. Walter Plnchback, and a grand ton, Eugene Toomer. The body was taken, to New Orleans for interment SAM McVEIGH, NOTED PU GILIST DIES. (By A. N. P.) New York, N. Y., Jan. 5. Sam Mc Vey, Negro heavyweight pugilist died today in a local hospital, a victim of pneumonia. McVey, one of the most formidable ot Negro heavyweights during his ring career, was oorn in California in 1886. Standing close to six feet In height and weighing !00 peds, he possessed terrific punch ing power, more than the average boxing skill and ability to take heavy punishment without faltering. His first appearance as a serious heavyweight contender was In 1903, bodies were burned. The charges against those burned to death were: murder, 2; rape and murder, 2. The offenses charged against the whites were: murder, 3; rape, 1. One of the women put to death was charg ed with assisting man to escape who had killed an officer of the law. The other was charged with Inciting ra cial troubles. The offenses charged against the Negro men were: murder, 11; attempted murder, 3: rape, 15; attempted rape, 3; killing men Id al tercation. 4; no special charge, 3; wounding men. 4; furnishing ammuni tion to man resisting arrest, ,2; lead ers In race clash, 2; charge not re ported. 3: assisting man to escape who had killed officer of law, 1; making improper remarks to woman, 1: threatening to kill another, 1; entering young woman's room, 1; insulting woman, 1: writing note to woman, 1; attacking a man and woman. 1. The staes In which lynchlngs oc curred and the number In each state sre lis follows: Alabtmu, 2; Arkansas, ; Bloriday, 5; Georgia, 11; Kentucky, 1; Louisiana. 5: Mississippi, 14; Mis souri. 1; North Carolina, 4; South fnroilna. ; Tennessee, 1; Texas, 7; Virginia. 1. DEBS WAS FRIEND TO NE GRO PRISONERS. (By A. N. P.) j Washington. D. C. Jan. 5. The re lease or rjiigene v. liens, several times n randldate for- President on the So cialist ticket, has Produced a new snsrle In nation politics at this time. Debs has been fearless in his denun ciation of American racial prejudice, and hps won the silent, as well as sctlve admiration of thousands of Ne cr"s thrmiKhnut the United States. It is altogether likely that in a short time veteran eeitator will "torn looso a barrell full," on Negrophobia. Politically, leaders are frankly alarm ed at the situation, and are "sitting tight." wonderins: what may happen. When, the prison doors closed on Debs at Atlanta, the Socialist leader went deeply touched by the scene he had Just left A most remarkable lonwtixli'ntlon had attended his de-par'r- f---ip nrlscWr All institutions in the prison had been suspended In his honor and the 2,300 Inmates were permitted to irlve him a rousing 'sendoff.' As he walked to the warden's office to receive- his final release cheers from 2.300 throats echoed through the great stone building. Thev stood at the windows and cheered again as he entered the war den's automobile an rode out of the prison into freedom. Early In the morning he had said farewell to most of them individuals. They embracod ths "bpst beloved pris oner" as Debs was known in the At lanta Institution and wept as he part ed from them. One youth swooned In his arms. The last farewell was said to Sam Moore, who has been an Inmate of the prison for thirty years, sent there from Washington for a murder com mitted while a bov. In the prison Debs was known as the "guardian of the Negro Inmates." He and Moore had struck up a close friendship during the three years of his confinement. Debs kissed the black man as they parted and both broke down. "Sam Moore deserves to be jut more than I do," said Debs later. "I had a chance when I was young, he never had." One young Negro timidly made a last request of the Socialist leader. "Brother Debs I want yo' to write a love pome for me so's I can send it to my best gal,'1 said he. "And you bet I'm going to do It as soon as I tret back home," Debs an nounced. "Never wrote a love poem, hut I shall do my best." MISSOURI NEGRO FARMERS ARE THRIFTY. Jefferson City, Mo., Jan. 5. Fifty per cent of Missouri Negro farmers own 1111,542,607 worth of farm prop erty, according to recent census sta tistics, sent to the Missouri Negro Industrial Commission office. Of the 178.000 Negroes In Missouri, '.nly about 40,000 live In rural districts. The for mers have A Negro Farmers' Burc.iu with about 2,000 members, Floyd Winn of Daltnn. being recently elected Chairman. Through the University of Missouri, the Negroes of the iitate are trlven one Farm Agent and one H. H Economics specialist. Mr. J. W. But Ifr of Tn Hon is the Form Agent and Mrs. H. K. Patrick Wiii urns of Mays Vlllels, the. Economics neclallst. It Is highly desirable that other Govern ment funds may be available soon so that the hundreds of Negroes In the extreme south eastern section of the State may have the advantage of the Agricultural extension work. ATLANTA BANK ELECTS OFFICERS. (By A, X. P.) - Atlanta, Ga., Jan., B. At a meeting of the directors of the Atlanta Sav lngs bank last Friday night. Bishop J. S. . Flipper was elected President; B. J. Davis, vice president; and W. S. Cannon, third vice president of the Institution. Bishop Flipper Is head of the African Methodist church in Geor gia. when he fought two twenty-round contests wi'h Jack Johnson, losing both bouts n decisions. His ring record is remarkable for the number of bouts with Sam Lang ford. During the decade beginning in i;n, juumy ana i.angrorn tougnt twenty contests, ranging from short no-decislon bouts to ffenty-round encounters. There were staged In all parts of the world from Australia to South America. Lanford wns !he victor, in a rrajorlty of the battles. Itecently McVey had appeared In the ! role of tiuiner tnd sparring partner for Neyro and white heav weights. De-, spite lils 36 years he retained his1 boxin nklli and h.t'.lnir pr-wcra. AAMMITTFF''nFTIIRrJS-TA V W 111 III Em mm EDITORS ENGAGE IN HEAT ED CONTROVERSY. Argus and East Tennessee News Editors Beg in Warm Debate. (By A. N. P.) St. Louis, Mo., Jan. 5. Editor J. E. Mitchell of the St. Louis Argus and Editor Webster L. Porter of the East Tennessee News premise to give the public one of the moat significant discussions yet entered Into by news papers in behalf of policies on racial development. Recently the News made a bitter attack on the N. A. A. C. P.. methods, and the Argue replied by expressing surprise, and intimating that there must be something back of such an unusual attack on such a widely known organization as this Associa tion. To this the news replied In a lengthy editorial from which follow ing Is quoted: "Far greater Is our admiration and respect for the yoemau service ren dered by Hen Davis, In the neart of Georgia; Oscar Adams in the hot bed of prejudice of Alabama; Plummer Young and John Mitchell of Virgin ia; Clifton Richardson, of Klan-rldden Texas: Roscoe Dunjee, of the state of Tulsa.s shame, and the inimitable J. E. Mitchell, who bared the shame of Fast St Louis, who for years have been risking their very lives and wel fare in defense of the group of which they are a part and diplomacy de manding u fair chance for their peo ple, than for those parasites who are content to remain at a distance of thousands of miles and only antago nize the enemy with "letters and tele grams of protest." Just as much has been accomplished by their ''protests" as was accomplished by ex-President Wilson in protecting the actions of Germany .prior to our government be ing drawn into the world war." Then, taking up other policies of the Association, with regard to work for the Race, the News closes Its editorial by saying: 'There Is far greater need for the encouragement of the inter-racial con ference Idea among the citizens of our group, residents of both northern and southern states with a view of bringing about a better understand ing between the races and a more pleasant relationship. A membership fund established in keeping with the program of that progressive institu tion will be of much greater advan tage to all and will greatly amelio rate conditions. Then it will be that the dollars which are paid in for membership will go toward the im provement of the race and not used for payment of high salaries, rail road fares and office perches for sec retaries and publicty agents." HAH SB DELAYED 1 Hi YORK. EXPRESS II- RESPOtlDENI STUDIES LIFE III (Special to The Dallas Express) By CHAS. W. ABINGTON, Koen has be-;n the disappointment to the party that rushed to New York expecting to have sailed on the 12th Dec, for Liberia, lnfact plans had been made by the . Siberian Govern ment and by the tourist to have cele brated Xmas in the black Republic. In justice to the promoters, however, It should be said, they acted In good faith and thought everything waa In shape. But Just at this time the company with which they were deal ing put up the new proposition of purchase and as the vessel eould be purchased for about as much again as it was going to cost to-, rent it, it wa i wise to act on the latter j proposition. But in :he mean while. no one thought of it taking but a short while to get the papers in shape and ths dual jonmimated. nut when the Initial conditions were com plied with it, seems that the way was opened for all of the technicalities known to the legal profession and hlg business came up to consume time. The transactions have made it plain that the Negro who starts out to do big things must be equipp ed in every way for .lattle. He must be In position to combat with con lueiin? energy every phase of tangle that might arise. It then iiust be taken into the account, that these big corporations have definite pro gram, or operation from which they do not vary every transaction must go through its regulir chaniol and In its appointed ordir, with the time ! m.ent nterting Into the whole scheme, . Many of us have gotten off from our positions for only a brief period and tthe delay Is painful. We have bo-n promised our -return on time. however, it will cut !iort our Etay in Afri a. The Time Not knitted. Many of us take comfort In the tact that the time spent here has nut been waisted, but directed large ly In getting information about that strange land wo are to i Islt, to the end. that efforts at getting Infor mation r.tay be Intelligently directed when we get on the ground. Our in terest In such Btudies lias been great ly stimulate! by the receit announce ment of the valuable discoveries of the Harvard-Boston Archaeological Expedition which has worked for the past 15- year.' In Egypt and other parts of Africa In efforts to find data that would connect the any broken links In human hlstnry When quite young ) read Rtanley's Work on Africa, and from that time I have had an Idea that locked In the tombs of distant centuries at some place In the Dark Continent were evidences of a wonderful civili sation had been lost to a very large extent to the world. I could not agree with a barber nhnp "philoso pher" I heard some time ago in speaking of the Negro said. "Ho aint nothing, ha cane from nothing, he aint going to be nothing, he don't want to be nothing and he Is going to nothing." That this may be true of this fellow who nn. ie this ex pression It Is not mine to quer. 'ion, but K Is not' true of the race. What ever doubt that has lingered In the mini's of skeptics as to the place the hl f man occupied in the ancient civilizations of the world suffered 3 vital blow the ther lav wlion l'lof. George A. Kelmter ot Harvard , mm mm U w ll ll M V FRATERNITY MEET IN AT LANTA WELL ATTENDED. Nationally Known Men In- ! eluded in its Roster; Pickens Addresses Body. Atlanta, Go.. Jan. 5. The tenth an nual convention of the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity met here December 27-31. The convention was the great est in the history of the organization. College men gathered from the lead ing Institutions of America to plan for the greater development of the Fraternity. The Invasion of the South began Sunday, December 25, -vhen the delegates from the North and East arrived. In true Southern rtyle, the chapters- of the Fraternity, located in the city of Atlanta, made extensive p ana for the entertainment of the visiting delegates of the fraternity, Under the leadership of H H Thomas of Atlanta the' .,.. J . or -Atlanta the traternity has made Wonderful Strides rillrlno- 1. j year. Eleven chapters have oeen ad - i. j iraierniiy roster. Atlanta Hampton Institute was suggested on often called the "Athens of the South" account of its sjclal and religious received with open arms the frater-1 activities. nlty. The southern institutions of "All the girls who have attended learning have been slow to ecognlze i the training conference have had tne value of the Greek letter or- some experience. Thoy, as wrk see ganizaticins to the schools. From this 1 retaries, will later have charge of Convention it Is hoped will come a 'Girl Reserve units. The work of our yeJLun '1i"ta'"ilns of the orlnciples ' Association Is both social and rellg anci the real uurposes of such organi-, lous. It is. Indeed, a social organiza zations. tlon from a Christian point of view J ne open st-jslons of the conven-'and, therefore, our training partakes tlon were held on the night of De- of the nature of sociology and re cember i7th at which time Dr. Wil- llglon. liam Pickens rield Secretary of the N. A. A. C. P. made the address of the evening. This ,ioted orator spoke on 'The Value of Group Selfrespect." Dr. Pickens is recognized as one of the leading orators of the race. The convention was welcomed to the state of Georgia by Dr. Wm. F. Penn. A welcome on behaif of the Southern Colleges was given by Dr. J. W. E Bowen. The national officers of the Fra ternity are: If. K. Thomas, Grand Rasileus. Atlanta, Ga., John W. Love Grand Keeper .f Records, Washing ton, O. C; ufitnm Gilbert. Nash ville, Tennessee, Grand Keeper of Seals; R. G. Robinson. Boston, Mas sachusetts; Field Secretary; William S. Pickens, Col. Charles Young, Mr. Ro land Hayes; Dr. W. F. Penn., Dr. J. W. E. Bowen, Dr. Chas. Marshall. At torney W. Ashby Hawkins, Bishop Hurst, Prof. Garnet Wilkinson, Dr. 13. E. Just. Prof. G. David Houston and Editor Nahum Daniel Brascher. The Fraternnty extended an invita tion to all to be present at the an nual open session. University returned to America after spending ten years in Egypt and gave out the announcement of his discoveries to the World. To quote the axact words, quote the exact "The dscoverles making it possible for the first time to write the his tory of Ethopla, and trace the rulers of that long-lost civilization, have been made by the Joint Egyptian expedition of Harvard University and the Boston Museum of fine arts, ac cording to the University announce ment. "The discovery of the lost civ ilization or i-.tniopia was made at i t-nat many In Harlem alone. Any Napata, the ancient capltol of that grasp of the real life of Harlem country, but now called Gebel Bar- would require careful training in so kal. Napata, lies In the Anglo-Egyp-1 clology, unlimited time and a great lian Sudan, at the southern end of0,,tlaJr of money. I make this state Dongolo Province at the foot of the I ment that you may know that I do Fourth Cataract, and ! the discoveries i m,t assume to do more than touch in were mane out side tne cltv on the most superriciai way this impor north of the modern village Ey-kru'uw ! tant subject. There Is perhaps no ' and on the south at Nurl. place on the face of the earth where I At the latter vlllaee 80 ,tan' Negroes live in as small a 'n a knowl near the River Nilei look- i f.paiCe. " .HarleITthis ?f, its?lf make Ling over the san dunes of the de-1 sert, tne Harvard Boston Arc ham n- Klst examined a group of lyramlds which proved to have been efected to 20 kings and BS aU"ns of Et hlonla from 606 to 2S0 V c:( most : of whose, names had been lost to human know- ' Icda-e. "Excavations e-radinllv tin - , covered Information reeardlnir Tr- overv America by Columbus and the nres ent day." Itoynl Line Found. "After the ixc. va'Jor.s of Nurl. four of the greatest kings of Ethiopia were stjll lacking kings who. like Tirhnqu.t hnd rul I Egvpt as well as Ethiopia. In the third vcar of the I search, these four kings with their oueens, and lnde"d six generations of their ancestors were found at Ey - knr'uw. on the north , of Napata. It was then discovered that the royal 1 famllv of Ethiopia had sprung from , a tribe Llblan nomads who had en- tered the province, then a part of -kv,m. a.M.ui .t.m, ... iiku uitimiic Egvptianized, nnd revolted from Egypt! and finally under Prnkhy, coi.quered j tne oiuer ;uinry. prgm mis sun- scorched place five of the Kings of Ethlopia had ruled Egypt and 2.000 miles of the Nile Valley, and had sent their Ambassadors to the court or Assyria ana western Asia." rnts ramarKaoie discovery lelgntens cur interest in Africa and should at the sen,:- time deal a death blow to that class of persons of both races who have no confidence In the past, nrsscnt or future of the bla?k man. Perhaps the scientist Is the greatest friend of humanity what ever his feelings may be he tells the truth ss he finds it, yes the whole truth lays the facts bear to the gaxe of all Thanks, to the Insatiable longing of this class of scholars to know the riddle of the universe these excava tion, go on without ceasing and It peems that tho deeper and more ex tended their research the larger place thev give th much hated olack man in tLu foundation sto:e of human elv "i j i ,i r , ninrapn, men- thousands that mike un th. ,, , '- which time many questlo. s as to Tloned le ll - Book Isaiah, who was u.r l m n Ihe io ?P the miiitiary status ol our group In one of ;.e live monarch. niled Cn New York was in the mak'nS "chool. and colleges, the National -rer.Fivpt; and then one by one Ha l"m was a m.7 tol of To Vnn ; G,,ard and a National Veteran Asso- h-ew light on the hlst .ry of other . " Conse5uene. Ku Ti n 1 clatlM' were aske"- The suggestion xlnats queens, princes and nrlncesses d ," ncJ M' hBl' L "Vl I ,ht each state or states with ve- f Ethiopia for a period of four cen- "J F"' ' 'ViVldm nl nrt .. '!ran officer, of the isatlonal Guard !:.r rr-rJV" of the late Wars would form State STATFS FRAP! HAITIAH infJFSTIftATinn VlillhU It W Y. W. C. A. CONFERENCE HELD IN HAMPTON. Reports Show 120 Women Working as Secretaries in Negro Association. Hampton, Va., Jan. 5. "Our aim is to train for Colored leadership In the Young Women's Christian Associa tion work as we train for white leadership," declared Miss Mary E. Scott at the close of the three-week training conference for Colored Y. W. O. A. secretaries, which was recently held at Hampton Institute, under the direetlon of staff secretarial worke ers. Including, besides Miss Scott, Miss Eva D. Bowles, Miss Adela S. Ruffln, Miss Clayda J. Williams, and Miss Almira F. Hilmas. Miss Scott added:1 120 Colored Secretaries at Work. "We have now an employed staff of 120 women in our Colored asso ciations, local, headquarters. and field at least 75 per cent of whom have been trained as secretaries. "The eighteen girls, twelve of whom are college trained, who are taking r-ent 13 states, have been selected 'lecnuse they seem to have special l,Dtitude for the work. We have had tlliH training conference at Hampton because there are more local Y. W. C. C A nnllu. In tha &h..l... on rne course at Hampton ana who rep , South Central States than elsewhere. TtTlmtcHl Knowledge anil Inspiration (lveo. a "In this conference the greatest emphasis has been put upon Bible study and religious education. A large part of the work has been the tech nical work of the Y. W. C, which has been In charge of Miss Bowles. "We have emphasized the financial side, organization, leadership, volun teer work, and committee tianage-rn'-nt. We hnve also emphasized the relation of health to life and work. The conference has aimed to give technical knowledge, and Inspiration to secretaries so that they will be able to triumph over the many dis appointments which they (meet in their work. . "This year, for th-j first time, wo have a Colored girl in our National Training School. The rcasoVt we have not had any Colored girl jp to this time is that the qualifications for that course are very high. Candidates must be college graduates and we prefer that they shall have had ex perience 4n local work before coming. It is the wish of the Colored Work Bureau to have a woman on the Na tional Board." HARLEM. ilizatlon. Negro Life la Harlem. ' It Is no small jump from the reign of the kings and queens of Ethiopia in far away Egypt to consideration of the Negro Ufa in the great city of New York, or more especially that part of New York where the largest BTftltn nf tha .n,.a ........ I . o - - - fn.VAH i,,, ' ir , Hiry Page lost no time in send- lates? tHtistln r a"' a!lem'. he Mi,g Waters a new contract con Ne i ' ?ni,Jbtai.1 of 'h0 tainlng the no marriage provision isfnTi P S i-Vi i ." ' .It1" olty ,velnd a salary agreement representing fJli". t,he estimate entirely "' , ' ,, "er Possibly ', ,,",' j ,' tV. 1 Known f Mi,.. iT j ur, r of ,he Manhattan Island, deriving Its ""'"' 1 uuPf 'rom the river of tho ?mc,n,me whleh form" the northern foundry of the Island The black man lth,'t Ji?iT ndS f he. eart iV.1' "t kie of our .wo states, the "PBt.. Jnal.-'s am soutn America have torn to tup w;tn our neonle. The great majority of the churches, the Y. M. C. A., the Y. W. C. A., Public Library, Hosp'tal and Community House deserve . special mention and Indeed praise, for all reflect great credit on the promoters. There are nmnv men and women in r.hls Hv holding splendid oositlt ns. A fe::v jtnen have made money In real estate and quite a few own their own homes, But It Is not an uncommon thing for ; a man to be paying on a place that costs him ten thousand dollars, and holding a porter job some whore. In efforts to make It, he fills his house in t lony rases with all kinds of people fii.u wiicioicb nil HinilM VI UUIIUUCl- This of its self must be a death: blow to family life. But high rent is j ine oraer Ol inn aay, ana to meet them every particle of space is oc- cupled even the end of hall. In many places are used a. sleeping rooms, With so many people out of work, I "douDi ir mere is a place on earth whero the struggle among iur people for existence e Is as keen a. it 1. here in New York. I. Stream of Illnek Humanity and It. excellent opportunity to observe the Hlaher Aspiration. What the Dead tyes of educated, useful and Intel Sen Is a it. Ttribut.nrlrsf .ligent mat. hood which AmerlcaD uni- ... versifies are making of our (egro witn tri's vast group of ebony nu- manlty. as stated above the largert number of :.ny place on the face of the earth. It I. strpnve to sav. the Jew, Italians, Greeks, other foreig ners and a liberal sprinkling of whites operate the business of Har- Contiauerl on pa?e 5). aw '; IIIU OmU BUii 1 IV Report of Senator President May Indicate Peaceful Condi tion and Recommend That Armed Force beReduced. (By X. N. P.) Washington, D. C. Jan. 6. The' Sen atorial Committee of which Medill McCormlck of Chicago is chairman has returned from Haiti and Santo Domingo, on the Navy Transport Ar gonne, and on inquiry It is believed that their report when made will em brace the following conclusions: The Island of Haiti and Santo Do mingo is today in a completely peace ful condition, except In a certain part of eastern Santo Donlngo, where there Is some banditry. This banditry is for purposes of plunder among the large sugar estates and does :iot have the character of an uprising against American Intervention. Four thous and marines are living without any uprising against them in the midst of a population of 3.600,000, which. If it were seriously discontended, could easily make trouble. It Is not today making any trouble except In the case of the Domlnlclan bandits, who are being repressed by a combination of Domlnlclan and American effort. No evidence was gained of any a trocltles by American troops during the period of the last two years. The evidence indicating unlawful acts of violence by American troops was all of it In reference to a period which terminated two years ago. The offi-1 cers importantly involved were six in number. One of them is now In fan insane asylum and two of them have committed suicide. The evidence Is that -most of th acts of unlawful violence were com- in deoling with the Haitians and Do mitted by Haitian or Domlnlclan "'Indians and it is hoped that there members of the constabulary vho had , W"J n Improvement In organlza- not yet been disciplined into good be havior by their American officers. The chief fault of the American Govern ment In Haiti and in Santo Domingo has been that In neither place has it had a definite policy of program of administration, and in Haiti It him BLACK SWAN SINGER MUST NOT MARRY. New York, Jan. 5. Ethel Waters, star of the Black Swan Troubadours, has signed a unique contract with Harry H. Pace, which stipulates she is not to marry for at least a year, and that during this period she is to devote her time largely to singing for Black Swan Records and appearing with the Troubadours. It .vas due to tne numerous offers for marriage, many of her suitors suggesting that she at once give up her professional life for one of domesticity that Mr. Pace was prompted to take this step. Some Jove sick swains have fallen in love with Miss Waters' picture ap pearing in tne newspapers, while oth ers have been caDtivatid bv her voice and personal charm. Although she travels with a maid. It will, be neces- aary for her to employ a private social secretary to attend to her mail if the endearing communications tiniie on the increase. While recently playing In Wheel ing, W. Va., one promising young physician almost broke up the tour of Black Swan Troubadours, so con vincing was his picture of the delights of connubial bliss. When the incident yy oi ICIUIICU IIIO A1W JUIft ULiJt:n , wouid be glad to earn in a month. aionK wlth a detailed account of his reasons for desiring such an agree ment and the singer promptly sign ed the papers and returned them to ie-v York. Miss Waters' contract with the Black Swan Interests makes her now the highest salaried Colored phonograph star in the country. VETERAN OFFICERS HOLD MEETING., Petersburg, 'Va., Jan. 5. The 6th annual session of the Veterans offl- Icers Association wa) held In his city er fnur-state Voteran Associations was well leceivod and endorsed. A history committee was appointed with Maj. W. H. Johnson, President. Petersburg, Va., as chairman. The meeting adjourned to meet Thanks giving, 1022 ,in the city of Richmond. Va. The-foliowlng nffiora were elect ed: Maj. W. H. Johnsan, President; ('apt. E. L. Gould. Norfolk, Vice Pres ident; Capt. W. ri. Andersou, Rich mond, Secretary-Treasurer. 1 ' 1 FDVVV I EfTTt'D CD AT uiJjii Lfjlljlll livAi MEETS IN CLEVELAND. . " - - . (By A. N. P.) Cleveland Ohio, Jan. 5. The nation- . ... m - t --"' ul Psi held it. 11th Annual Grt.nd Chap ter here from. December 27th to 30th youth. Delegates from all parts of the United St ites attended, represent lng all the leading Institutions of learning as well as the larger world of professional and business activity. One of the features of the mooting was the awarding of the Fraternity medols Of honor for long and pro ficient serviee to the organization. McCormlck Made I ft permitted a great dvision of responsi bility among American representatives, where there is a concentration of re sponsibilities and a definite ad.ninls trave program the sttuatlon should prove increasingly beneficial to tho material development of Haiti and San to Domingo. ' At present the Island of Haiti and Santo Domongo Is materially far be-' hind the Americanized island of Porto Rico. It has eight times the arena of Porto Rico and three times ti;e popu lation, but is has one-third as much foreign trade. Nevertheless its poten tial future rlshes are much greater than those of Porto Rica If quiet governmental conditions and a few good roads are secured. There is local sentiment In favor of 'the withdrawal of tho American forces, but even among the leaders who express it there is a personal sentiment to tho effect that the proper, safe time for the withdrawal has not yet come. It is believed ihat the report of this senatorial committee will tend toward the Idea that Ameri can Influence should be continued In Haiti and Santo Doming with a bet ter organization of it The prospect Is that the number of marines in Haiti and Santo Domingo will soon be reduced from 1,000 to 2.000. It Is also stated that some of th6 American representatives have been ' waiting in tact and in consideration tlon along with an Improvement in personnel and along 'with a decrease In military forces. The other Senators with McCor mlck are Jones of New Mexico, Oddle of Nevada and Pomerene of Ohio. Sen ator McCormlck has made his report to President Harding. MOSES TO FIGHT FOR NEGRO VOTES. Washington, Jan. s. A New Eng land man plans to lead another at tack on southern representation in Congress. This time It la Senator Moses of New Hampshire, who in tends to bring the matter up in the Senate. Representative George H. Tink ham of Boston was decisively beaten in the House when he moved to re duce the, representation of states which refused voting privileges to many of their citizens. The object f his attack, of course, we.-e those southern states which practically de bar Negroes from voting. It is under stood that the proposition of Senator Moses has the same general principle back of it. I In the course of the Ford-Newbury ease debate Senator Moses launched I a spirited assault on representation ;of certain southern states. "Up to New Hampshire we have to fight for our nomination and then fight again for election,'' he said referring to the situation in some states where noml- i nation is equivalent .to election. chiefly because southern Negro Re publicans are not allowed to vote. The reapportionment bill is now be fore a committee of the house. It's the hope of Senator Moses that he can rally more support in the Senate than Tinkham could in tho House. Says Negroes Should Pool Finance as do Jews. f By A. N. P.) Chicago, 111., Jan. 5. "If the Color ored people of the world would unite their money like the Jers. we wnulrf get somewhere," declared a prominent citizen here. In celebration of one of the most successful drives for relief for war an f feres ever conducted 600 Chicago Jews assembled at the Congress hotel and heard that the original quota In their drive had been exceeded by al most $500,000. The total amouat con tributed was $1,810,000. A second record was established. .ncoo n. i,ooo, genera' cnulrman of the Chlcaero committee, announced, in that 1,000 more persons contributed to the fund this year than on pre vious drives. The largest Contribu tion to the drive was that, of Julius Rosenwald, who pledged to give $' for every $7 given hv others. His share will exceed J226.00O It. Is said. Mr. Rosenwald is a very large con tributor to Negro rhilanthropies MISS MlfllH AMES. SUFFRAHK tVORKlOll. f.fttiB14 nt U. l,kB r,o IX THIKTY-SECOSD DISTRICT. ' St Louis. Mo., Jan. 5 Renjamln 1 . Bowles, a r'egro, dept. tv 1urv com Mlssloner, defeated Miss" Mario B. Vmes In a stormy meetng for Repub .ican candidate for delegate to the constitutional thirty-second convention from ihe Senatorial District. FORMER SLAVE 1.t DIES. TEARS OLD Grand Rapids. Mich., Jan. 5. Isaac L. Bailey, former slave, died here. He wa. 105 vears old. W ran nvrnT from hi. master in Essex county, Vir ginia, when 3S, fleeing to Canada on the "underground railroad." and later came to Grand Raplo. Mr. Ballsy fought throughout tho Civil War with a Michigan regiment and returned hora. He leaves a widow and daughter. The ni"da!K this years were conferred upon E. W. Dlgg- and Irven Am-, . strong by Prof. Meyzerks. In addi tion tj this reoognlllon of Intra-fra-tornity service a diamond studded laurel wreath was awaardod to the member- who has achieved the m-rJt distinction, during the year for 'ti.-ti-torlous service t the race in ten. etui.