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THK MIXA.S EXl'Itl-SS. JlALUS, TEXAS. SATURDAY, JANUARY 7, 1022.
rr.", rct n if' 1 TUB DALLAS EXritKSS NATIONAL NEGRO PRESS ASSOCIATION. Published every Saturday morning in the- vcnr at 2t;oi) Swiss Avenue by THK DAI, LA RAI'UKSS I'l COMPANY. (Incorporated) Dallas, Texan. FoniJia advertising hepiik- K.WATIVEi W. II. '.Iff Company, 008 Baulk Dear ban Mrtrl, ChlfBRO, 111. W. II. .Iff Company, 404 Mlrtoi HulhllnK lll F.ntil Alum Mreet, IVrwr lark, W. 1. Til C D A L L A SE X I K l5sS sin.stKirxios ix advance. One Year.....'. 12.25 Six Months............ 1.25 Thr" Months .75 Single Copy - 05 1SOT1CH TO THE I'UIII.IC. Any erroneous reflection upon the rhsrscter, etnmlinR; or reputation of any person, firm or corporation which msv appear In the columns of The I n It n h Kxpress will h Kindly cor rected upon Ita being brought to the attention of the publishers. Entered at Pout Office at Dallaa, Texas, n second-clae"! matter, under Act of Congress, March. 1879 IMI'OHTANT. No subscriptions mailed for a pe riod less thin three month. Payment for aame must be 75 cents. THE DALLAS EXPRESS has never hoisted the white feather, neither has it been dis graced by the yellow streak. It is not afflicted with the flannel mouth. It is a plain, every day, sensible, conservative newspa per, which trims no sail to catch the passing breezes flies no doubtful flat! It professes m patriotism at broad as our country, lit love of even hand' ed justice covers alt the terri tory occupied by the human race. This is pretty high round, but we live on it and art pros pering. Boys of the press come up and stand with us. This ground Is holy. W. E. K1SC. I'AY YOl ll 11)1,1, TAX XQW. Kvory real citizen who desires IhiU his place of dwelling may have I hat which Is best, finds pleasure In so situating himself 'lat he may express his will in regaru to what- 'i'cr may ho proposed. The ballot Is the means by which the preferences of the majority of the members of any community are expressed. The way to the. suc cessful UBe of the ballot la by the payment of Poll Tax. The time for payment of this lax is now at hand and, while the thoughtful citizen does not need to bo reminded of his duty in this re gard, there are many others, less thoughtful who through negligence allow the time' for payment to lapse and find themselves voteless as a .result. Pay your Toll Tax now and guarantee to yourself the ability lo express your desires concerning all matters submitted for popular decision. It would be well If, as far as our group is concerned, a special campaign could be waged which could have as Its object the educa tion of our raen and women of vot ing age as to the power and intent of suirrage. There are too few of u who the nejd of qualifying for voting. Toe many of us allow "the other fellow"' to do It. The result Is a lack of political co herence and dlroctloii which some times makes itself felt in an un favorable way. - Let each of us of voting age, male and female, pay our Poll Tax now and urge others to do the mime, sHowixti thh hk;ht spirit. The results of the 'mas charity drive is to be commenced and the plellon for the benefit of the poor of L' lias were more ratifying than in ay former year. A casual investigation of the Hot of donors discloses the fact that or ganizations rather than individuals cent ro uted largely to Its success. This Is as it should be. Real Christian spirit can express itself in no better way. it is a fa t that self sufficient peoples mak: it a prime consideration that they them selves tako care of the poor and in qignent an."!? them by systematic nnd well directed giving. . Organizations need to develop their charitable side to a greater ex tent nnd '.o show ihmselves more kindly disposed toward the system atic relief of the unfortunate. The result of this drlv? may well -erve as an Indication of what may be done in time to come when the whole city will hare become more aware of its duty toward Its un Tortunate at times other than Chrtst- 1M!IH. , : The spirit end snerrry of those who planned and carrio" on the d'lve iB to bt commended anc the Increased response of organizations us well as Individuals appeals to us hh indicative of the fact that we" do !eet kindly dispose to our ov.n un fortunates and are genuinely de sirous of alleviating their distress. LYNCHING AND, THE DYER BILL The American lynching record for 1921 has just been an nounced and from a study of it we find that mob murders have increased rather than decreased; that law and authority are weaker this year than in former years; that bestial impulses have held greater sway over the American people in the year just closed than in 1020. The statement compares the records of 1920 and 1921 thus: officers of the law prevented 56 lynching in 1920; they prevent ed 72 in 1921. There were 63 actual lynchings in 1921 as com pared to 61 in 1920. 01 the number of lynchings occuring in 1021, 02 occurred in the South and 1 in the North. 59 of the vic tims were Negroes and 4 were white; of the Negro victims 2 were women. 19 or less than 1-3 of the victims were charged with rape. ' Unless the American people have retrogressed much they will take small pleasure in the contemplation of this record of barba rism which in its fritrhtfulnesa surnasses the barbarities which the early settlers of this country suffered at the hands of Indian llioes WHICH UUHKlcu iiu tiviucauuu oiivx uojutcu w iv ership. It is a record which, when carefully considered together with the thousands of other instances of mob activity which have occurred during the past year, should cause true lovers of order- . . t n it At 1 -- 1 J 4-It a ly proceedure to snuaaer ior tne weirare oi America during me coming years. An increase of savairery in the "land of the free and the home of the brave" which since 1889 has done 3,433 persons to death without due process of law, means an increased speed in the easv descent to a reifm of unbridled nassion and license from which stntA the ascent to a state of decent livine will be far more laborious. , And the wonder of it is that in those communities where this savagery is most pronounced, there is the greatest opposi tion to an attempt at its control. Almost coincident with the publication of the lynching record comes the announcement that the Dyer Billjnow pending a vote in Congress, is being fought by every known means by represen tatives of those states in which lynchings have been most fre quent. Representatives of South Carolina, Tennessee, North Caro lina. Louisiana and Texas have distinguished themselves by the quality of their opposition to this bill aimed at the suppression of lynching which' is slowly but surely rendering the work of the founders of our American civilization void and as of no moment. And the states which they represent have contributed greatly to the record of savaerery as it has been written in'. America since 1889. Since 1889 Texas has lynched 333 persons. Louisiana 326. Tennessee 199. South Carolina 128. North Carolina 63. Of this number of persons eleven were women. In the list of states which have been remarkable for their lynching propensities Texas stands second, with its 333, being exceeded in this savagery only by Georgia which leads the country with a total of 428 mob mur ders since 1889. . It will indeed be deplorable if the better mind of America fails now to assert itself and safeguard American interests from the pillaging hands of her unrestrained citizens who are besmirch ing her good name and mocking her boasted democracy. If lynching does not stop the orderly processes of law must stop.. The two cannot exist. cojointly. The opposition to the Dyer bill seems to be bassed upon the assumption that it would allow the federal goverment to en croach upon, the rights of states. and render their sovereignty empty. For this reason it has been called dangerous and it has been prophesied that its passage will be followed by an increase in lynching which federal power will find itself powerless to stop It may be successfully argued that such reasoning has been largely responsible for the increase of lynching to the point that efforts at. its control are now being made by the federal govern ment. And it is also true that since 1889 every state in which a lynching has occurred has had ample opportunity to exert its sovereignty and pass measures which would have rendered fed eral intervention at this time unnecessary. But none of them have chosen to do this. And, while it is easy to. understand their fear of a loss of sovereignty to the Federal Government when we review the history of the last one hundred years one is prone to feel that now. if ever, they should begin to realize that just as lynching is not purely sectional, neither would federal intervention for its suppression be. And whatever other considerations might arise, they should realize that without some sort of intervention speedily assured, neither their sovereignty nor that of the Federal government will be able to maintain itself nor guarantee its perpetuation. There must come a time in American life when sectional bit ternesses and political bickerings will be lost sight of in the de sire that the united efforts of all may be centered upon the high est good of national accomplishment. A nation of lynchers is not I worthy of emulation nor can it hope long to maintain itself. A ) lynching in any state is an American lynching. Any such bar-! baritv has no place in an enlightened government. Every American state may well realize that such a record for barbarity should be rewritten in terms of orderly proceedure even at the expense of federal cotrol. i If! r, ., 1 i A f TH& MIRROR jjgf BUCOPINION A CKXSl'S INJUSTICE. Few cities in the country can boast of higher standards of education and refinement among the native population than can the fine old Buz zards Bay metropolis. New Bedford, In Massachusetts. Yet the remorseless facts assembled and digested by the Census Bureau reveal New Bedford with its 121,217 inhabitants as the most illiterate city in the country. New Bedford men and women resent keenly the fact that their home is held up to view in this unenviable plight. This ia- natural. They are proud of their beautiful city, proud of its long tradition of intellectual de velopment, which goes with honorable ambitions conserved in families and sanely applied. .Now to be branded as statistically the least literate city In the United States is indeed humiliating. That the numerical facta Justi fy the stigma is not to be dented. On this ground the census analysis may not lje successfully challenged. In proportion to its population New Bedford is indisputably the unfortunate possessor of more illiterates than any other community in the entire country. But accurate as is the census exhibit in this respect it none the less does New Bedford a grave injustice. It carries an Implication of laxity and indifference to school facilities which is wholly at variance with the truth. New Bedford has exerted Itself as vlgordusly in the promotion of public education as any city in the country. The' high illiteracy rate is the city's misfortune, not Its fault. The census statement should carry an explanation to avert the false impression it now indubitably conveys. That explanation New Bedford has, and its newspapers and citizens have lost no time In presenting It. It is that the heavy Illiteracy percentage Is due solely to the fact that It has been New Bedford's misfortune to be inundated with Immigrants more Ignorant in mass than any others who come to our shores. These for the most part are Portuguese speaking Negroes from the Cape Verde Islands. The white Portuguese who come here average well In point of education and readiness to adapt themselves to the standards of America. With the blacks of Portuguese origin it is quite the reverse. Nearly all of them are wholly illiterate when they reach this country and are obdurate In so remaining. New Bedford has an exceptionally large number of them. It is true that nearly half of the city's population is of foreign birth. But with the exception of the Cape Verde islanders the average of Illiteracy among the other nationalities in New Bedford is about the same as ' it is else where. It is the Colored Cape Verde population which tips the illiteracy scale so adversely to the old home of the rugged whaler captains of days by. N. Y. Herald. rnLJl DR.RKTROTTER LX MHiAK PXKl'.MOMA. As slated in last week's Issue 'pneumonia is an,, Infectuous disease land may after a" reosonable length i of. time develope either a favorable lor unfavorable condition. It is pos sible for the disease to terminate in gangrene of the" lung, in an absess, in the purulent infiltration of the lung tissue or It may bring about disastrous changes in other organs and viscera, i. g., the heart, spleen, liver, kidneys, etc. This germ in which produces pneumonia Is frequently found in the mouth, nose and air passages of healthy Individ uals and it is claimed that it can be found in at least 20 per cent of the cases examined and that pneu monia is due to the migration of the germs from the nose or mouth into the pulmonary areoll. It is positive ly presenl in over 80 per cent of the cases of pneumonia and may be de tected for months or years after discovery. By this we may under stand why pneumonia may be con tracted from one who has or is convalescing. Persons who drink al cohol are especially prone to this disease. In -fact any or all habits which show a. tendency to depress the nervous system will predispose one to this disease. The first at tack usually leaves the system more KYKS tlXD THEIR DEFECTS. By F. S. Rogers, O. D. Those who lead what is called a "strenuous life are at last awak ening to the fact that unless they stop all the little leaks in their sup ply of nervous energy they will some fine day experience the break down that usually' presedes the break-up. , Locomotives tha,t run at high speed have to be kept In perfect order, and It is the same way with the human engine. The old law that "that which cannot be cured must be endured" applies in relation to the eyes, with the exception that while eye-strain cannot exactly be cured, it can be relieved, at least during the time that glasses are be ing worn which neutrilze the causes that produce it. Eye of the present generation are born no better, nor worse, than those of previous generations. It is simply the advancement that has been made In the knowledge of op tometry, together with the needs of the times, which has popularized glasses. If you will take the trouble to count the people you pass on the street, you will find that one-third of them of 20 years of age and or less weakened so that repeated i over wear glasses. To this number attacks (ten or more) sometime oc-lmust be added a considerable num cur in the same Individual. I t,pr who WPar glasses only while thid, 18 aoS u , Tld T, he i ""The reLor1 for' this very large this disease. It Is claimed that the . , ,. , .. .,,,,' ,., mortality from this disease is great- Proportion of the popul ion wear er after the twentieth, year and I that ,n ,Kla8Se,8 ls, laJg ? T , a u.. ,,,,, strain contracted in youth and not it increases. Sex has little influence although some believe that the dis ease is more fatal to female than I noticed or is overlooked until the time arrives when the eyes refuse STUDY IX CONTRASTS. Those who get a delight from drawing contrasts will be charmed by the opportunity presented in circumstances in France and the United States. French literary authorities have Just awarded a much-sought prize to a Negro author, and in the United States our statesmen are trying to find some way by which Negro citizens may be protectedVn their lives by the laws which protect all others. Can anyone imagine the most valued literary prize in the United States supposing we had one going to a- Negro author? That would be an imagination that might amaze the world. The author and friends of the Dyer bill, designed to put an end to the lynching of Negroes In America, are trying to find some legal sup port for the measure, and at best have advanced no further then discov ering an academic co-operation. Opponents of the bill assert that it is conconstitutional, not specially because It alms at the abolition of lynching, hut because it is an attempt by federal authority to invade the privleges of the states. It Iss raw form this means that if the state choose to disregard the federal constitution the United States government has no way of com pelling obedience. Or. in another form, It simply means that the constitu tion Is respected by those who choose to be respectful, ,but may be vio lated with perfect impunity by those who think differently. In plain words, the retort Is that the people in those states where lynching flour ishes as a civic pastime cannot be prevented from following their lawless amusement. In practice it amounts to' this: That if one man kills another he may forfeit his life to the state, but If 20 men; or 50 or 100, kill a man the law Is powerless to interfere. Even those men and women, of the south who consistently and uniformly condemn lynching have a fear that the suppression of this form of lawlessness in their states by federal in terference might be a worse evil than the refusal of states to protect Ne gro citizens. Perhaps the most discouraging feature is that the consti tution, that which we have always regarded as sacred, cannot be enforced by the very authority which exists only by virtue of Its provisions. Or if it can be enforced, it never has been, so far as the fourteenth and fif teenth amendments are concerned. . Pittsburgh Leader. - -vhe Kpiiit of goodwill might well lie maue t.n a'l year quality. MIGRATION, That more than passing attention- is being paid the Negro citizenry of America is attested by the recent release by the cen sus department of a statement of the movement of Ngroes during the past decade. . The total number of Negroes born in and living in the U. S. is given as 10,381,309 of which number 8,288,492 or 80.1 per cent were living in the same states in which they were bom and 2,- 054,242 or 19.2 per cent were living in states other than those in which they were born. From a study of the same release it is found that the per centage of Southern bom Negroes who migra ted to the North and West was only one-fourth 1 ger than the number l01n in the North and West who migrated Southward. The f-. J.s established by this release many instances show that the ol.iions too often exp ressed to ihe effect that the Negro forms the most restless port! n of the American population, are not well founded. It is not to be doubted but that the greatest percentage of migration to the North and East took place during war times and found its rer.son for bMng in the more clvantag eous economic and educational opportunities offered there. And. while it is true that a certain percentage of those Negroes who migrated was of tho "drifter" class, reports of the economic pro gress of a lp-ge percentage of them slows that a far greatei number of them belonged to the steady, thrifty class who, hav ing found chance to improve themselves made use of it, than otherwise. , The majority of Negroes however is still in the South and here will remain till some proven field which offeis greater eco nomic and political opportunity is opened to them. That thev are &teaduy improving themselves in all ways is easily seen rrom h study o" their decreased illiteracy, increased home, farm and) industrial ownership and constantly expressed desire to advance? the general well being of their communities. ' They may become a great a"set to their section and Amenca' generally if only it may become generally recognized hat thoirj welfare and that of their neighbors is so inseperably linked h"' injustice or lack of opportunity to one means poverty of sob ft , and lack oi progress to all It is certainly true thai migration I has not lessened the need for a constantly increr-sin" spirit of co operation and friendliness among the races Li the South. There mu",t come a time in the history of Ame ica when sec tional feeling is made secondary to the desire that law and au thorty be mad.! supreme. IN-solve to be hopeful during the l:olo N;w Yenr. Forget the ties." i Good men and respectable citizens are th result of culture in environments of education and freedom. Cowards and igno rant jien cannot do more than hinder loose of their fellows who have advanced beyond thai stage. i SHUT UP; GET BUSY. In by-gone days on the Mississippi River it was noticed of a certain diminutive side-wheeler,' -which boasted a large brass whistle, much out of proportion to the size of the boat, that whenever the whistle blew, which was loud, long and often, the paddle wheels stopped turning, and the little boat remained stationary the whife. The boilers did not make steam enough to blow such a loud whistle and make progress up river at the same time. ' The American black man has so long been blowing his showy brass whistle of empty discussion 'that the paddle wheels of construction have been stayed. His verbosity is proverbial. His lack of constructive, organized efort is apparent. He will stop on street corners, In restaurants, barber shops, , pool rooms, drug stores, in fact wherever he can get a hearing and elaborate af length the most trivial' topic. He will consume hours in the most Mleii'n conclaves of church, state, fraternity, or society upon a point of order, A ?l"Dute over a question of procedure has disrupted many an or ganization when the point at issue had no relation to the alms or the policy of the body politic. His love for elaborate' form and ceremony and his weakness for high-sounding titles and splendid regalia have crowded from his mind the importance of constructive effort. The ringing resonance of his naturally oratorical voice has deceived hini into, belief that words are greater than deeds. His splendid physique which enables Mm to wear striking regalia to advantage has (Hied him with deception that appearances mean more than actual values. No race has yet become great by reason of Its orators and entertain ers. - Such attainments come as the capjtoro, and not as the foundation of racial greatness. The boilers of the black man's economic engine are not large enough to make steam enough to propel him against the even-Increasing resis tance oi' competlon and race prejudice and at the same time blow such a loud r-histle of ostentatious oratory. His present crying need is fewer words, and more deeds. All of his-steam is needed for the purposes of propulsion In the form of intelligent organization. If so much of his strength hau not been thus criiv.lnally wasted, the black men would not be today the Great American Beggar. Instead of praying for alms In the voice of a mendicant he could voice his demands in unwavering tones. If l.o had been evonomlcally organized, Booker Washington's dinner with Th ordore Roosevelt would have been accepted by white America as a ,confereuce between equals, and not as an instance of gracious condes cension on one hand, and grateful acceptance on the other Likewise, the thunderlngs of Monroe Trotter and the bitter shrieks of DuBois would sound more like the demands of a strong man than the waillngs 'of a peevish child. , Shut off That Blast of Inane Bickering and Empty Small Talk! Tear down that Glint and Glare of Showy Brass and Tinsel! Direct all Your Effort Toward Propulsion! Thanks be to God, a NEW Type is appearing. An Iconoclast, An Idol Breaker, who cares not for sounding brass or tinkling cymbal, who has Sworn over the Ashes of his Fathers and at the Temples of his Cods, that tho days of the Pompous, Strutting Comedian and the Idle, Bickering Small-Talker, ARE NUMBERED. Chicago Whip. male. Once this disease has taken I t0 foT "'ne!'l' and, ln ,n any -hold on a alcoholic, he or she rarely ie, when too ong neglected, pro escapes death. Persons who are ! (i'lcint ch Blraln on the eye mus very fat or fleshy usualy have hard1"8 Jury to the nerve cen times. All persons having pnuemonia lers that considerable expense and should be isolated in a well aired i discomfort are entailed before the room with fresh air and as much siht .ean be restored, or partially, sunshine as possiDle may be breath- 0 normal. ed by the patient. Fresh air in Depleted accommodation of the suitable quantities will improve the eye muscles Is present in a majority appetite, reduced the temperature, of eases and is usually overlooked pulse and respiration rate and lessen ! until such time that the constant the cough. In fact it has been proven that patients treated In this way are less toxic than those who don't get enough of the fresh air or sun shine. It is also very important that they should remain in bed at least one week after the crisis had passed. The diet Bhould be given both light and sparingly especially while there is evidence of fever. The food, usually milk, should be given at brief intervals and Indefi nite quantities. In meeting high wearing of glasses is necessary. When an individual's vision be come impaired, it is absolutely safe for him to first consult an optome trist. The optometrist receives an exacting and rigorous training in the schools; as a candidate of llcen-. sure he is subjected to critical ex amination; and as an active special ist )n this field he requires a spe cial aptitude for the manipulation of instruments and the recognition of every variety of eye abnormality. fevers, marked nervous symptoms, i j the majority of cass, the chances difficult breathing, etc., hydrother- aphy may sometimes be used to great advantages. For high temper atures, Ice bags over the head, chest, or abdomen are useful, cool spong ing combined with the ice pack serve as a substitute to the tub bath. It is well to keep the re- cepticle for the sputum. Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease caused by the klebs, loffler bacillus and characterized by sore throat, enlarged glands, chills fol lowed by fevers, pain, stiff neck, loss of appetite are that only correcting glasses, are needed. In the small majority In which a truly diseased condition exisits, the optometrist can be re lied upon to recognize the pathol ogic state and may be trusted to re fer the case to a practitioner of medicine. dren but young adults and grown ups are also subject to it. Exposure, colds, sore throat, enlarged tonsils. Free tubercular clenic, Morgan Trotter ' sanitarium. Tuesdavs and This disease usually attacks chil- j Fridays from 2 to 3 p. m. AFRICAN CRUISE DELAYED IN M.Y.; EXPPESS CORESPONDENT STUD IES LIFE IN-HARLEM. T.NWi X.tTIVP. M-:(il(0 KKSIUK.NTS IN COW. (Continued from page 1). lem. Thene people belt the American whiten operate the buslnexR lines they seem to, die when coining to New York. Were it not for tho barber shops, restaurants, preHHlng Khopa ari'.l a few isolated efforts ut buHtnes aloni a few other lines you could write zero after Negro business. There seems to be a lack in Neirro solidarity which would bring togeth er groups of men who could put over oik entni prises, l nave been coming to New York once and some times twice every year, but 1 have usually been quite busy while here and hud no time for getting Information, but my aetcntion nas given - me an op portunity to study some of the con ditions, and Inspite of myself the question presses upon my attention, is rvew iorK to tne DiacK man what the Dead Sea is to its tributaries? You know tho string thing about the Dead Sea, nothinic can live l.i Its waters. A gentleman from Florida tame here bought a building and fitt ed up the ground flour with the ex pensive furniture with the view of openin'; up a Negro bank, but when he nis i application to the authorities for a quarter to do banking business it was denied him some say he was told that they did not need any more banks in Hurlem. others sav he whs not able comply with the banking laws of I ho state of New York, lie that as n may, if the Negroes of Harlem wno have mnnev and Influ ence had united behind the project they would have the bank. How long will the Negro ln thiie centers stav apart and allow the other man get every dollar he makes robbing hi own wife and children of bread and clothing and turn it jver to others. This enterprising gentleman from Flo rida nave men now at work clmnKing the bank building and furniture .nto a restaurs .'t.. his aspirations plunged Into the "Dead Sea." Washington. Jan. 6. January 1, 1920 the number of Negroes lving In Connecticut, who had been born there was 7.XKS. Of Connecticut born Ne groes there were living In other states 3.SII9, making a total of Con necticut born Negroes 11.397. Of Con necticut born Negroes the percentage living In other states in 1900, 23.6 In . 2S.4 and 1920 30.8 per cent. The total native Negro population of the United States January 1. 1920 was 10.389.328. The states in which migration was largest were: Missouri, 81.2; Vermont, 75.1: Utah, 72.6; Ne vada, 757: South Dakota, 70:7; Wy oming 68.8. The- stutes ln which migration was smallest were Texas, 10.6; Florida, 14.4; Arkansas, 14.1; Georgia, 15.3. COKCiltKNMMKN OltAW COLOR MNB l. lllTAl KANT. Washington, Jan. 5. Protest against the practice of, permitting Negroes to patronize the' -Hou ot Representa tives restaurant In the capital, was made by Representative Aswell, Dem ocrat, of .Louisiana. ln a letter, to Chairman Ireland, Republican, of Illinois, and Demo cratic member of the committee, which Is In charge it the restaurant management. Mr. Aswell stated four Negroes had been noted eating In tho restauran during the last tew days. He asked by whose authority the Negroes were admitted and whether "this is to be the practice of your committee under the present Admin istration " "Ucntlemen of the Hojse.1' Mr. As W" i's letter continued, "should have tl is Information now so they may know whether to kesp their families, friends and themselves away." Assurance is said to have been given that hereafter the restaurant would be restricted to whites. XKftROE OIlfiAXI.R RKI.IKP COMMITTEE. WORK STARTS NOON OIV TTSKK ii;i, Mil.KO FKDfeCRAL, IIOM'ITA!. COXGRKSS TO CURB IACHING. After the vait effort of the Southern Congressmen to prevent the adoption oi a rule to consider the Dyer ntl-Lynching Bill, and the fail ure of every parliamentary device for delay, It seems manifest that the Republican majority in the Houao of R.prientative will pass that meas- Washlngton, Jan. 5. In oraer to as- slt Jn relieving the unemployment situation, uoi. rawara uiurord. As sistant Secretary of the Treasury, department would Immediately under take construction work on various hospitals to the amount of 114.762. I'OO. Among the largj.it hospitals on which work will be begun at once, Clifford announces, is that to be lo cated at Tuskegee for the ' trentuient of former Negro soldiers suffering from tuberculosis and mental dis eases. This hospital will jost K. i'bO.OOO. i Pittsburgh, Pa., Jai. 5. Id an ef fort to alleviite coniitljns imjiig the Negro populace of Pittsburgh, due to the Industrial depression, a Negro emergency relief committee has been organized under the. auspices of the Urban League of Pittsburgh. At a meeting of the committee it was an nounced that 16 churches and club groups hnve Joined in a campaign to secure work for the unemployed Ne- The - committee manifested its ap preciation of the Negro race oy the -n.im.cittieu v.narities, improvemer t of the Pn, r and the Salvation Army. Tho officers of the relief commit tee are p. U. Lswls, president; John larter toblnson, secretary, and Mrs. Ueorgo Gould, treasurer. The heao quarters are at 518 Wylie avenue. tire, and mere than piobable that the Senate will pass it. We imagine there is little prospect of a veto. The bill makes crimes under the Fed eral Jurisdiction what have been cognizable only by State courts. Any person who participates in a lynching mny be imprisoned for life or not less than five years. Any officer who permits a prisoner in his custody to be taken by a lynching mob may be imprisoned for five years or fined $5,000. Any county in which a lynching takes place will forfeit $10,000, to go to relatives of the victim. . There will be no vote in the House or Representatives until after Christmas, but no change ln the situation is likely, and under present rvies filibustering is Impracticable. The aims of the meisure are good. In practice, as The Eagle has pointed out, difficulties are certain. Nobody can be convicted of crime, even ln a Federal Court, without the verdict or a Jury of the vicinage That is always to be remembered. Brooklyn Eagle. ft o t ly. ; , ,