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DISTINCnVE IN SERVICE A CHM PIOM OF JUSTICF A MESSENGER OF HOPE runded b7 W. B. King. "The Republican Party h Th$ Ship, All Else h The Sea." Fred Douglas. ' . . ; VOL, XXX, KO. 4. THK DAJLLAS EXPRESS, DALLAS, TEXAS, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1922- PHICEI FIVE C2OT3 RESENT STATEMENTS OF CONGRESS MAN DYER THAT NEGROES DO NOT FEE PROPERLY TOWARD THEIR OWN. PREACHER LEADS OBJECTORS. Wichita, Kans., Nov. 18. "The Negroes of Wichita are asleep at the switch. In a city the Blze of Wichita, with 8,000 Negroes, every one of you ought to be wide-awake workers for the cause of your brethren in the South who are suffering the torture of the damned there at this minute. You are not doing your duty here, especially you leaders, or you would have had a larger crowd here this evening to hear me speak on this subject which so di rectly pertains to every man in your race," said Congressman L. G. Dyer of St. Louis, who was brought here to discuss his antl-lynching bUl with the Negroes, of this city and also to assist Richard E. Bird for re-election. So repeated and emphatic were his statements that Wichita Negroes were derelict in their duty toward the Southern Negro that the Rev. E. T. Fishback and another minister arose and protested with the speak er amid the wild applause of the other Negroes present. So vigorous were their protest that the congress man was forced to qualify his state ments and cease his bellicosity to ward them. "About 96 out of every 100 Ne groes lynched are innocent of the crime," he said In discussing his ST. LOUISANS WIN FIGHT AGAINST SEGREGATED PARK. St. Louis. Mo., Nov. 16. Pointed assertion that the proposal to create A separate - park " for Negroes -was 'objectionable and humiliating" to' .the Negro population of St. Louis and that if the proposition were In serted In the proposed bond issue that the Negro voters of the city would work against the entire bond Issue, were made by a committee of Negroes who appeared before the special aldermanic committee of Ne groes, who appeared before the special aldermanic committee- of 12 i at tho City Hall. The members of the committee following the voiced objections of the Negroes unanimously decided to leave all reference to the proposed Negro park out of the bond issue. The Njgro delegation appeared before the committee in answer to an invitation extended to them by the members of the committee, who were unable to decide at their meet ing last Monday whether or not the Negro park would be favorably re ceived by the Negroes of the city. Advocation of the proposed park has been carried on by the O'Fal lon Park Residents' Protective As sociation, an organization of citizens in North St. Louis. Members of this' body, which has a membership of 200 voters, have asserted before the committee on previous hearings that the large number of "Negro picnics held yearly at O'Fallon Park was exercising a ruinous Influence upon the property adjacent to the park and was disturbing to the! peace of the citizens of the North Side. They suggested as a remedy that in the bonds issue a sum be set aside for the creation of a park for the exclusive use of Negroes. The first speaker to object to the! inclusion of such an lUin In the bond Issue last night was Lawyer Albert Burgess. He said that the movement seemed to be a movement to segregate the Negroes . of the city. "I am sure that I voice the sen timent of 90 tier rent nf ttiA Macrn people of the city when I say that! they unalterably opposed to this ' proposal." Burgess said. "The Ne gro people ai-e humiliated not a lit tle by the very suggestion of Buch a thing by you gentlemen. They are aroused, and logically, too. .Vould the citizens of .the 'city not be tngry; If you gentiemer would speak of cren.lng a special park for the Ger man citizens of the city, or for the Italian citizens or the Creek citi zens? I don't believe that you gen tlemen have a legal right to segre gate the Negroes of the city Into one park. "I am sure that If you undertake to include this item In the detail of proposition No. 7, that every Negro In the city will actively work against the entire bond issue." . Homer G. Phillips, another at torney, the next speaker, said that he thought that the matter of Negro segregation had been settled In St. T t a nnoa n A trty nil 41yia TTa argued that the proposal to give the Negroes a seperate park would un doubtedly create 111 feeling between the Negro and white population of i the city, and. In as much as the feeling that existed now was ami cable, that it would be foolish to disturb It. J. E. Mitchell of the St. Louis Argus, denounced ' the proposal as "un-American, unfair and unjust." Saveeral other Negro representa remarks being that they were op- bill. "We compiled 10,000 cases of lynchings and found the above sta tistics and also found the feeling so rampant In the South that news papers, in many instances, gave news of lynchings hours before It ac tually took place. About eigbt of the twelve million Negroes in the United States are disfranchised and segregated," he declared. His bill provides that the federal Judge of the district in which the lynching occurs, shall call a grand Jury to Investigate the matter and that witnesses are to be subpoenaed by the United States marshal. The Jury is called from counties so far away that the members will be un biased. Each county In which a lynching occurs is penalized $10,000 for each offense. He discussed recently enacted leg islation of the Republican party and urged the voters to send Bird back to Congress. "If you send Ayres back to Congress he will do nothing but hamper and fight the adminis tration. He is a WilBonlan-McAdoo-William Jennings Bryan type of Democrat and we don't want him up there," he said In conclusion. There was only a small crowd at Arcadia theater to hear the speak ing and a majority of them were Negroes. ILLITERACY DECREASES IN SOUTH CAROLINA. Columbia, Nov. 16. That South Carolina's blot of Illiteracy is being wiped out is shown by the annual report of Miss Will Lou Gray, su pervisor of adult'' schools, for the state department of education. The report covering .the last school year and being handed to the state su perintendent of education this week. Miss Gray's report shows that where there were 330 schools for adults In 25 counties, with 7,736 students enrolled In 1918, there are today 381 such schools, in 44 coun ties, with 10,447 adult-pupils en rolled, and with a more than twen ty per cent perfect attendance rec ord. In these schools 624 teachers are employed. Where at first the or ganization of adult schools had to be urged, today the counties are crying for the organization of such classes. Miss Gray's report shows. The report shows further that where In 1900 South Carolina's per centage of Illiteracy was 35.9 per cent, it Is today 18.7. The state's position In the Illiteracy column is is due largely to the illteracy of the Negro population outnumbering the whites' by 62,000. Negro Illiteracy today Is 29.3 per cent, white only 6.5 per cent. "However," the re port says, "it must be remembered that economic development depends on the intelligence of the masses rather than a few; therefore, so long, as over 50 per cent of South Carolina's population remains Ig norant, so long will her God-given climate and her rich soil fail as wealth producers." Of the 381 adult schools. 223 are for whites, 168 for Negroes. Of the 524 teachers employed during the year,, In adult schools, 309 were white, 215 Negroes. In the adult schools last year 2,631 were taught to read; 3,028 were taught to write. The average amount of money ppent during the year per pupil, for whites was $3.95. for Negroes $1.52. There were 13,317 scli.iol days In the sessions of the adult schools. York county led the state In the number of adult pupils last Bession, with 1.180, Spartanburg came sec ond with 1,049. Horry had 774; Richard 623: Greenville 607; An derson 659; Colleton 444; Oconee 413, Aiken 410; Georgetown 409; Greenwood 381. poded tq the abstract theory of class A lot tnnf t n o AvnwAaoA1 tt ar rrfn -r (1 - tion of any variety. To Chairman Aloe's request as to whether they were In favor of In creasing the Item for a new Ne gro hospital from $700,000 to $1, 000,000 several! of the Negroes re piled" that they did not agree with the Idea of a separate Negro hos pital, but if such a condition were necessary then they would certainly be In favor of the larger appropri ation. The same sentiment was ex pressed as to the proposal to create a Negro swimming pool at a cost of $100,000. The committee In executive ses sion afterwards agreed to increase this appropriation to $150,000 for the possible creation of two Negro swimming pools Instead of one to serve the two Negro centers of the city. The members, over the advice of Alderman Uhlcmeyer. de cided not to Increase the amount of bonds to be voted ur-n for the purchasing of new parks from $2, 500, 0 to $4,000,000 as recommen ded by the CouncM on Civic Needs. The sum was Increased by $2,000,-000. NEGROES AND INDIANS AFRICAN NATIVES RESENT CHRISTIANITY'S COLOR BAR. Johannesburg, S. Africa. Nov. 16. (Crusader Service) Commenting on the recent conference of the Af rican Section of the Diocese of Jo hannesburg, the Abantu-Batho, one of the leading native newspapers published in the vernacular and in English, makes .the following inter esting editorial statements: . "We are on the threshold of great things. There is something moving among the Bantu people some thing with which both Church and state will reckon in the near fu ture. There has come Into being among the Bantu people a new spirit a spirit of nationalism. That is why there is a religious and po litical discontent among them. To day they know that they are a peo ple, and that they have a definite place- in God's scheme of things. They are growing Into manhood, and It will be useless for anybody to try and prevent their progress. " Those who followed the discussion which took place in the conference must have been struck by the bold manner in which pro tests were made against the colour bar in Church. To some people these protests may appear to be childish or to be the work of "native agi tators." In consequence they will at tach no importance to . them, but we who know how our people feel in the matter of their rights can see looming In the distance some hlng similar to European reforma tion. " Christianity as taught by Europeans has so far failed to carry out the objects- and ideals of its Founder. In the first place, it has failed to establish ; one church, and in consequences has made he es tablishment of a human brother hood under the Fatherhood of God impossible; while it teaches the Fatherhood of God and the brother hood of man nevertheless It still re cognises, and worse than this It encourages with all Its might, the gu.Uf between Jew and Gentile. It draws a line of demarcation between colour and couour, race and race, nation and nation. Thus it may be said, without exageratton, that is It responsible for all the hatred and bitterness that exist throughough out the Christian World. For how can- we account for the atrocities and barbarities that were commltteed during the great war by the Christ Ian Nations of Europe. We never heard of a Mohammedan nation waging war against the followers of Islam. But the world today is in a state of turmoil and mankind is suffering because of the Jealous and quarels that exist among the Christian Nations. "The failure of Europeon Chris tianity lies In the fact that the re used as a political weapon for tam ing undeveloped races to fascllitate ligion of the Son of Man has been their exploitation by white men. No one con find fault with Christianity as taught by Christ on the banks of Jordan, the sea of Galilee, and on the mount of Olives. There Christ taught the love of God for all mankind; He taught the Father hood of God and the Brotherhood of man: He preached the gospel .of peace on earth and goodwill to "all (Continued on page 8) U.S. COURT CONTEST MARKS END OF GIGANTIC SCHEME TO Montgomery, Ala., Nov. 16. In the federal district court at Mont-j gomery a hearing was held Monday Oct. 30, which will probably mark! the closing of litigation growing! out of an ambitious attempt by promineit northerners to establish a' Negro "experiment colony" In' Alabama an attempt which ended ' in failure some time ago. On this! date the court will take under con- j sideratlon a contest filed by the; Bank of Wetumka and other credi tors against tie report of Bale of the Dixie Indurtrial Company. Villard In Project. ' Associated with this company were some notable men in the life of America; Oswald G. Villard, New York editor and publisher; Clarence H. Kelsey, president of the Title Guarantee and Trust Company of! New York; ; George Burnhara, of ficial of the Baldwin Locomotive Works; C. Ames Brooks, 'Gotham clubman and abator, who was pres ident of the company when It went Into bankruptcy. The real father of the project, who induced the eastern capitalists to furnish the "sinews of war" was an Elmore county Ne gro, Wililam E. Benson. AUTHOR ARRESTED FOR YAOAANU onvlll J DVVIY AND IS RELEASED. (Preston News Service) " Jacksonville,' Fla., Nov. 16.r Ed win Burch, charged with vagrancy. handed the police judge a copy of his booklet which he was distribu ting among; Negroes here and was discharged by the official with the following comment: "I think your work will accomplish more for the betterment of your people than me sending you to the prison farm. I am told that the police found you at the anion depot passing out .these books to Colored people. You say you have just landed In town. After looking over your booklet I am con fident that you will be able to ac complish much good in this city by placing it In the hands of your people. You are at liberty to carry on this good work here." The commandments follow: 1. Men, women, boys, girls, hus bands, wives, sweethearts and lovers hate not work, It 1b the first step to progress, prosperity, honesty, re spectability and wealth. 2. Keep 'within the confines -.of the law. Crime and the violation of laws pay off only in grief, worry, sorrow and misery. 3. Love, adore and cherish the Negro woman: by this you respect your mother and gain the respect of your fellowman. 4. Remember, America has done more for you than any other coun try in the world, and will do more' in proportion to the number of con verts from ignorance to intelligence. Let well enough alone. 6. Remember in America, Canada Mexico or across the sea. you are a Negro wherever you may be. The stain shall be forever UDon thee. The history Of the-Negro has been written and cast to the four cor ners of the world. You cannot over come history. 6. Remeber, when mingling with evil associates, you are swinging up on the jail house gates. Desperadoes, outlaws and bad characters, all must bow 'before the forces of law and order. Do not attempt to do some things you see in the movie show. Moving pictures have caused the eyes of many to be opened and have caused the eyes of many to be closed. 8. Respect the man who owns this country. He is your best friend after all. He gave you a home in the best country In the world. Oth erwise you would be, perhaps, this day, In dark Africa, the least civiliz ed, less developed and recognized of all countries. 9. Listen -not to sllck-tongued self-styled Negro leaders, who give you a mouthful of sweet dreamy talk and take a handful of your hard earned money. 10. Remember the money the Ne gro spends In fine churches, auto mobiles, conventions and foolishness would build hundreds of mills, fac tories, plants, hospitals, office build ings and old folks' homes, thus giving work to thousands of Negro !men, women, boys and girls who pose and repose upon our street corners. Commenting further Judge Beck ham said: "This man has evidently seen the curse that Is being rjeked UDon nis reiiowmen by the insld uous Garvey movement, the National Association for the Advancement for colored People, the Niagara move. NEGRO COLONY IN ALABAMA. Ambitions Scheme. Some twenty years ago, the pro-' moters of the heme, spurred by the success of the Booker T. Wash ington school at Tuskegee, Ala., launched on he enterprise of estab lishing in a "white section" of ru ral Alaban a. a demonstration on a grander scale of what could be ac complished by V. B Colored race with northern capital to back It. Seven thousand, acres In adjoining sec tions of Elmore and Tallapoosa counties were purchased and the machinery was set In motion for a Negro community thereon that would be an educational and industrial unit well-nigh complete In Itself. Land was sold on time payment to Colored farmers; a schqol was es tablished, known as the Dixie In dustrial Institute; machinery for ginning, manufacturing cotton oil and producing lumber was Installed; and a railroad, twenty miles in length vas built from Alexander City to the town of Bnson, one of the centers of the community. Negro Fanners Beoo,n- Landown.-m The cotton oil mill is a thing of the past; some of Its machinery ASK HARDING PRESIDENT HARDING RE- VLHLO CUAL IUUI11J VLL EGATION. Washington, D. C, Nov. 16. A delagation of the National Equal Rights League had an audience with President Harding at thee White House office at 12 o'clock today for speeding up action by the U. S. Sen ate on the Dyer Antl-lynching bllL The audience had been arranged through Senator H. C. Lodge of Maasachustetts and lasted about 30 minutes. The delegation consisted of Wm. Monroe Trotter, a citizen of Massa chusetts; M. W. Spencer, of Dela ware; J. L. Nelll, of -Tennessee! Rev. E. A. Abbott, of New York; Rev. W. O. Carrlngton, of North Carolina: Rev. J. L. Plnn, of New York; T. A. Johnson, of Georgia; J. L. Taylor, of Alabama; H. P. Slaughter, of Kentucky, Editor of the Odd Fellows Journal, with Trot ter as spokesman. Mr. Trotter explained the mission to be that of urging the President to use the powers, prestige and. in fluence of his position and of bis personality to speed up actual enact ment of the Dyer Antl-Lynchlng Bill by the U. S. Senate, especially in connection with the contemplated extraordinary session this month, as It was a remedy for mob-murders and these were continuing at the average rate of one each week. He then presented a petition with 10, 000 signatures from nearly thirty states asking the President to name the Bill in his call for the extra session. The first petition was from the President's home town, Marion, O., one was from Omaha, Neb., one from members of the 24th U. S. Infantry at Fort Benning. Ga.,: sev eral from Oaorgia, Mississippi, Ala., etc. Each member of the delegation briefly urged the need of Executive aid and pressure to hasten action by making the Dyer Bill major and emergency legislation, to be taken up first at the extra session and considered continuously. Delegate Taylor reminded the President that this bill would help the white as well as the Colored Americans. - The President heard the dele gates attentively and expressed him self as in sympathy with the cause presented, as he said he had al ways been. raent and such other tomy-rot that quick witted lazy Negroes are foist ing upon the hardworking members of their race. Material progress of the Colored race in this country will be the salvation of the Negro. This man's philosojhy is sound. I hope Negroes will do as he points out The white man of America is the best friend the Negro has. The Ne gro must now consider life seriously and develop himself and help bet ter ' his material condition it he would hope to enjoy the full status of American citizenship. White men have to work for their salvation and why not the Negro. I sympathize with the Negro and believe I fully understand the many difficulties confronting him. There are too many lazy, good-for-nothing mem bers of that race In this country today. This group must get to work and contribute something to the general welfare. It Is the only hope of the Negro race." FOUND has been sold to distant Brazil, it Is stated. The railroad ceased run ning tome yoars ago. But the school at Benson is still function ing, and many of the Negro farm ers have bought and pal& for their land, Juptlfying to a large extent the hopes of the, founders of the experiment. Compflaint is made by the Bank of Wetumka and other creditors of the Dixie Industrial company that the property brought too little at the bankrupt-sale, and this will be Ironed out at the federal court here. It is stated that the property was bought frr consider ations totaling around $32,500 by Clarence H. Kelsey and th New York Title Guarantee and Trust Company of which he Is president. It is also asserted that much of the original land holdings of the com pany has been sold to the Alabama Power Company as "overflow landb" for the Mitchell Lam project, while a good deal of the realty is in the hands of Colored farmers who have either completed their purchases or have inaue substantial payments thereon. TO RECOGNIZE MEXICO PFTITIflNS SIGNF!) ED IN FIFTEEN OTHERS. CALIFORNIA SETTLERS IN MEXICO LEAD MOVE- Los Angeles, Cal., Nov. 18. Through the Internatonal Commun ity Welfare League, a twelve months campaign has been started through the United States to secure a mil lion signatures of Colored and In dian Voters to a petition to Presi dent Harding and the Congress of the United States to recognize the present government of Mexico. The circulation of these petitions, and the signing of the .same were started at the same time in Cali fornia and Oklahoma on' Wednes day, November first, 1922. Similar petitions are now being circulated In at least fifteen other States. In a signed statement given out from the American headquarters of the League In Los Angeles, Califor nia. Attorney Hugh E. Macbeth, gen eral Counsel of the League had the following to . say: "Mexico has never had a stronger or more beneficial government than is its present Administration. Pres ident Alvaro Obregon easily ranks in the class of Lloyd George, Cle- CADDO PARISH BUILDS FIF TEEN NEW NEGRO SCHOOLS. Shreveport, La., Nov. 16. On ac count of the fact that Caddo Parish has built, during the past year, j fifteen new rural schoolhouses for. Negroes at a cost of fifty thousand dollars, the superintendent. Mr. C. E. Byrd, arranged a tour of inspec tion through the parish with Mr. C. J. Calloway, Field Agent for Rosen wald Schools; and Mr. J. S. Jones, Colored Rosenwald Schoolhouse Building Agent for Louisiana. The, schools seen were found to be of . first class material and erected ac cording to plans and specifications of the most modern school buildings, i . ,-VI ....1.1 - .ll I 1 HO lUIlllBUlIlgB WllOIOl Ul BHIRIB I Haulm Wlceted stoves. COmDOBitlon blackboards, teachers' desks, etc.. I for the class rooms; and equipment' for domestic science rooms up to the high water mark which indicate un- usual interest on the part of the; public school officials toward Ne gro rural schools. Similar trips of Inspection In other parishes fn Louisiana, as re ported by Mr. Calloway, prove the wisdom of the Rosenwald School house Building program directed by the officials of the State Depart ment of Education. Mr. J. S. Jones, working with the State Department of Education, is moulding sentiment In favor of inch buildings through out the State. A week of observa tions of the reults of the Rosenwald Schoolhouse Building program In Louisiana was arranged by Mr. Jones. Field Agent Calloway Is greatly pleased with the progress noted In the physical Improvements of Negro schools In the State. Mr. Leo M. Favrot and Mr. A. C. Lewis, State Agents for Rural Schools for Negroes, spent consider, able time with - thf party on trips of Inspection during the week. They are doing everything possible to bring up the standard of efficiency In th-j Colored schools. SOUTH CAROLINA WOMEN TO BUILD GIRLS' HOME. Sedalla, Nov. 16. The Negro people of North Carolina, through Charlotte Hawkins Brown, president of the North Cai.illna Industrial Home for Girls, to be established at jfland, under tle management of the State Federation of Colored Women's Clubs, are distributing in North Carolina, one half million stamps bearing the image of Colored womanhood, with its appeal to mem ber of the race who want to see the young glr!rf who find their way into courts at an early age given another chance. At Efland, with the approval of the state commissioner of public welfare, a site of land, containing nearly 160 acres, is being purchased by the Negro women of the state, on which they hope to erect a cot. tage and brgin the work of saving to the ract Through gainful occu pation and wholesome Christian in fluence, the. youthful girl offenders. An Intensive campaign will be waged with the use stamps cost ing rnly 2 cents each. It is hoped that every member of the race In North Carolinla . vill purchase ten of these stamps during that ti ao. The stamps are to be placed on let- SIMM TANFfiSl V manceau and Harding as a National Executive. He has brought order out of chaos in Mexico, and this with no outside assistance aid In spite of outside intermeddling. Mexico is the great land of op-, portunity for the American Negro and the Indian. When the United States recognizes Mexico, the op portunities for the Negro and the ! Indian will be even greater. "Furthermore, in our opinion, the cause of simple Justice demands the immediate recognition of the pres ent Mexican government tor the reason that it has proven Itself to be a government of Law, Order, and Peace. The spirit of fair play demands this action on the part of the Unit ed Stales. A Negroes and as .In dians, we are lovers of fair play, and accordingly we are beseeching President Harding and Congress to give Mexico a Square Deal, by ex tending to her the diplomatic recog nition which her nrenent trnvern- jment bo richly deserves." BOSTON TEAM RESENTS CISULT TO NEGRO ATHLETE Peabody; Nov. 16. Victor Chan dler, Colored, plucky sub of the Peabody high school football team, who had reported for practice every day during the past season, was turned away from the banquet giv en at the Peabody city hall, Sat urday evening, for the Charleston, S. C, High School football players. After a secret meeting held by the members of the Peabody citi sens committee and officials of the Charleston football party, Chandler was informed that the Southerners objected to his presence at the ban que. The Southerners refused to Bit at the table with them, so he was turned away. The players of the Peabody High School' and the hun dreds of citizens who packed the hall were ignorant of the action taken by the committee. While they were enjoying the festivities. Chan dler, who la a well educated young man, and who has assisted the Peabody High School team during the past months, left the hall' with his cap under his arm, with tears In his eyes, and made his way for his home In South Peabody. It was rumored around Peabody square this afternoon that members of the football squad would strt action at once, protesting the action taken ,and request an apology from the Southern officials for objecting to have t eir collegue, Chandler, enjoy the banquet and entertainment after he had plugged through the season, working hard at all times for the best interests of the Pea body High ' Fchool team. After the game Saturday Dr. Marrs of the school committee rr sented Chandler with a ticket to the banquet. At the City Hall, Chandler was approacneg Dy w. vv. woodman,- principal of the High school, who told Chaudler Superintendent Robinson wanted him. Chandler went to the office of Superintendent Rob inson and there he was told that the Souherneners had "net and re tives spoke, th tenor of all of their fused to eat in the same hall with a Negro. FOItMEIt GOVKTlXOIt BEING TKIED FOR TEOXAGE. (Preston News Service . Fensacola, Fla., Nov, 16. Wit nesses have been summoned for the 'rial of former Governor Sidney ,T. Catts, und t a federal indictment of two counts charging peonage The case was scheduled to begin Mon day, Nov. 6. Originally, the lndlct met t held twelve counts, but at the last term of court ten were- dis- miseea. ters siong with the Urt'ed States stamp and thus help to create a favorable Impression for this undertaking-Mrs. Thomas W. Blckett of Ra leigh, is chairman of the board of trustees. Associated with her on the board are Mrs. W. O. Pearsan, Dur ham; Mrs. J. A. Cotton, Hender son; Mrs. A. J. Griffin, High Point; Mrs. Y, F. Kelsey, Salisbury; Mrs. L. V. Mebane.t Aocky Mount, nd Charlotte Hawkins Brown, president for the Set'alia cenool for Ci lored Sills. . , . .