-, . '
)v X ..
DISTINCTIVE IN SERVICE
A CHAMPION OF JUSTICF
A rESSENGER OF HOrE
i t. i i i r. t
i" - ' ' -- .......... . . . - . . .
reunded bj W. a. . Ktof . "The Republican Party Is The Ship, All Else It The Sea." Fred DougUs. ' - ;
VOL. XXX, NO. 5. ' THE DALLAS EXPRESS, DALLAS, TEXAS, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1923 PRICK FIVE CENTS
DR. MOTON AND PARTY GREETED BY
CHEERING NEW YORK THRONG ON AR-
(By A. N. P.)
New York, N. Y Nov. 23. Dr.
Robert It. Moton and his party ar
rived last Tuesday on the Steamer
Majestic, returning from his tour
of .England, Scotland- and France,
where he went to deliver addresses
before the Scottish churches Mis
sionary Congress, which met at
Dr. Moton wan met at the pier by
a large group of friends who wel
comed him home after his success
ful pilgrimage to Europe to present
the cause of the darker races.
Wednesday night the citizens of
New York tendered him a welcome
home reception at the Young Wom
en's Christian Association where the
large auditorium was taxed to ca
pacity by the throngs eager to hear
his messago. Among the speakers
at the reception were Bishop W. T.
Vernon who has just returned from
South .'Africa. Dr. Thomas Jesse
Jones, who likewise has recently
completed a trip through Africa in
which he made survey on the educa
tional needs there, a report of which
has just been published, Dr. Will W.
Alexander of the .Inter-racial move
ment. Miss Eva Bowles of the Y.
W. C. A., and Mrs. Moton who with
Major Allan A. Washington and
Nathan Hunt accompanied Doctor
Moton on his trip. The occasion was
a brilliant and notable one and New
Yorkers In the light of the impor
tant messages brought first hand
are thinking In new terms of the
racial problems of the world.
32KD TUSKEGEE CONFER
ENCE TO MEET IN JANUARY
Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, Nov.
23. The Thirty-second Annual Tus
kegee Institute, January 17 and 18.
: The first day will be devofes direct
ly to the interests of the farmers
and the General topic "Agriculture
and Home Economics" will be dis
cussed. Such problems as "Crop
Production." "Live Stock Produc
tion," "Soli Improvement," Market
ing," "Food," "Clothing" and the
"Home" will be discussed and so
lutions offered by men and women
well versed In these particular direc
The second day of the conference
will be taken up with discussion of
subjects of particular Interest to
teachers, ministers and welfare
workers In the rural districts. The
general subjects will be "Coopera
tion of Welfare Agencies In a Coun
try-Wide Improvement Program."
. The Tuskegee Negro Conference
haB been a moving factor in the ad
vancement of agriculture In this sec
tion for more than thirty years.
Each year agricultural problems are
discussed by men and women prom
inent in agricultural circles. Dr.
Robert R. Moton, principal is urging
farmers, teachers, ministers and wel
workers and all interested in rural
betternment to attend this confer
ence. The principal speakers will
' be announced later.
HARLEM MOB TRIES TO LYNCH WIFE
MURDERER; POLICE SAVE HIM.
New York, N. Y., Nov. 23. More
than five hundred excited Negroes
were held in check when they tried
to lynch another member of their
race accused of slaying his wife on
the street in crowded West 129th
street, by the courage and presence
of mind of a single probationary
policeman. The mob was rapidly
bearing do fn upon Isaiah Washing
ton, 31 years old, sleeping car por
ter, of 204 West 14lBt Streets, when
he was captured and then saved by
Patrolman Edward Sullivan, Cach
ed to the Alexander Avenue Sta
tk.a in the Bronx.
Sullivan was off duty, and had
been to visit some old friends in
Harlem. He was standing on the
corner of West 129th S'reet and
Seventh Avenue, when he as at
tracted by violent blasts from sev
eral police whistles, and turned to
see a Negro fleeing toward him with
a crowd of pursuers at his hec!. As
the fugitive swung Into West 129th
Street, Sullivau tried to head him
off, but the Negro dodged to one
side ana dashed on down the street.
Sullivan pursued and overtook the
fugitive as he darted into tho base
ment of 166 West. 129th Ptreet. As
he yanked the Negro back into the
Street Washington .lunged at the
probationary policeman, but Sulli
van drew a pistol from his pocket,
pushed the muzzle into the ribs of
of the Negro and raid:
"I'm a policeman."
When Sullivan glanced around
he was confronted by an angry mob
of Negroes shouting:
"He 'Just killed a woman. Let's
do to him what he did to th9 wom
an!" : .-.
"SHUFFLE ALONG" BEGINS
ENGAGEMENT IN CHICAGO.
(By A. N. P).
Chicago, Nov. 23. Shuffle Along,
"shuffled" Into the Olympic theatre
here this week with a verve and a
swerve which has made all Chicago
sit up and take notice. That this
stellar organisation has lived up to
all advance notices and then some
is the opinion to be heard not only
in the places where the "brethren"
hold forth but all over this little
town and the daily paper critics who
have spelled death for so many shows
this fail have been unanimous in
Headed by Sissle and Blake, Llller
and Lyles and Lottie Gee, the sen
sations from Broadway, by way of
Boston, disembarked from their
special train with 18 motor cars
and numerous full of the latest in
togs. Not for the stage, no bless
you, but for the "stroll." Sartorially
the outfit has 35th and Indiana
Avenue up on Its tiptoes and gas
ping for breath and its a toss up
which are the best dressed, the lads
or the Blinkers. Class and prosper
ity are sticking out all over them.
But the show of course Colored
Chicago is a unit in pronouncing It
the best ever, that was to be ex
pected, but from the downtown
theatre standpoint, Chicago, is not
cosmopolitan New York and every
body waited to see what the daily
paper critics had to say. .
Listen to Ashton Stevens of the
Herald Examiner, the ace of critics
"Half of "Strut Miss LIztie" was
good, but "Shuffle Along" Is all
good. It Is the real Colored thing;
it Is ETHIOPIA." Here words carry
a laugh or a string and the
yarn is a rebuke to the plotiessness
Of -the. white musical comedian. '
But I am sure there is music in
It: even more mnslc than there is
plot; even more music, than that
you will hear in Mr. Berlin's most
musical Music Box Revue. And It
Is very real music. It Is a score that
agounds In what the financiers of
tlnpan alley call "natural" melodies
Tunes that just couldn't-rightly be
anything but what they are happy,
original, graceful tunes grow all
over "Shuffle Ajong." They make
you say that the tunefulness of the
Colored man is more then supersti
tion. Eubie Blake composed them, and
he leads the orchestra. Mr. Blake is
my idea of a star in the orchestra
pit. He makes his fourteen bands
men to play like forty when needs
be and like one when the marking
Is planissls8lmo. He sits at the con
cert grand juggling a cascade of
ebony where it will do the least
harm; and it is an obligato that
If that very hard-to-spell word.
rhythm, had not been Invented, It
would spring Into the dictionaries at
Mr. Webster's first hearing of Mr
Blake's black bandsmen. Rhythm
(Continued on page 8).
They began to surge forward, un
til Sullivan raised his weapon and
threatened to shoot the first man
that advanced a step. One or two
members of the mob hurled a stone
and a bottle at the prisoner. The
young policeman was wondering
what to do next when half a dozen
members of the mob in the fron'.
line were bowled over as Detectiver
Thomas Donahue and James Bral-
gan of the West 123d Street sta
tion shouldered their way through
to the relief of the marooned police
man anu Ms prisoner.
While SullivKn and the two de-
tectives were planning how best
they could get the prisoner to the
police station thsir problem was
solved by the arrival of the reser
ves of the West 123d Street Station
in command of Captain Hubert Cal
lahan. The thouts of the Negroes, the
police whistles and the chase of the
fugitive gave rise to a rumor that
a race riot was In progress. Scores
of white men who caught up the
report as It was passed along 125th
Street armed themselves and hur
ried to West 129th Street and Sev
enth Avenue, where they learned
that they were mistaken.
The prisoner was locked up in
the West 123d Street Police Sta
tion. He Is said to have confessed
to the police - that .o stabbed his
wife, Minnie. ,
According to the police, Washing
ton and his wife vere married four
teen years ago, and had no children.
The woman recently explained to
her friends that Bhe had left her
husband because he was cruel to
LACK OF RAIN CAUSES TOTAL LOSS OF GRAIN CROPS.
LAKES HAVE DRIED UP AND ROADS ARE LITTERED WITH
BODIES OF STARVED NATIVES. PITIFUL STORIES OF SUF
New York, Nov. 23. A story of
famine that threatens the life of at
least 1,500,000 natives In Inham
bane Portuguese East Africa, was
brought to New York office of the
Board of Foreign Missions "of the
Methodist' Episcopal church today
by the Rev. J. D. Pointer of Wll
more, K., who Is Just returning on
furlough from Missionary service In
that country. Rev. and Mrs. Pointer
have spent ten years in Inhambane
and are now to have a year's rest
In Wilmore, Kentucky. Mr. Pointer
was formerly a pastor In Louisiana.
Accordingly to Mr. Pointer, the
famine area extends about 300
miles north and south and about 100
miles inland from the coast. About
1.500,000 people live there, of whom
some 6,000 are Christians. The 1.922
harvest, which usually comes" in
March or April, was a total loss be
cause of lack of rain. Most of the
lakes have dried up and there is
practically no irrigation. Corn and
peanuts are the main crops, though
the tapioca plant and sweet potatoes
are . also raised. None of these ar
ticles have been, grown throughout
JOHNSON GOES TO WASH- GOVERNOR ABSENT; ASSIS
INGTON AS SENATE CON-J TANT PARDONS NEGRO
VENES. - ' (ONVICTS.
her 20. in the special g session & of
Congress called by President Hard-' 8l88, , sutp mtentlary. but the
Ing. he Secretary of the National PrvaUs gecr;tftry of Goyernor Lee
Association for the Advancement of M Rugeell Bnd the ,ck actlon of
Colored People. James Weldon John- J Meraphl8 frlend8 ln ru8hlng th.e Exe
son. Is , in Washington to fight the cutlve back. ross the Mississippi
final battl li behalf oT th Dyef state border in n automobile spoil-Antl-lynching
bill'. Mr. Johnson baa ed tne plang of LIeut GoV- Homer
been at the National Capitol through jj. Casteel.
out the campaign in behalf of the. ' . , . .
Dyer Biir, and during debate on e8881?1''- Uereity of"
the floor of the House of Represen e eV Voda? oofbaU
tatives. before its passage there Thfi Governor wa t0 have occupled
was in constant conference w th 8eftt , th d 8tand t Mem.
Republican House leaders. He ln-pnlB. When play wa8 calle1 the
!nnd,l t0,nm.ain Ya85 ngt0n.U,i"ernor was back in Mississippi,
til the bill is entirely disposed of. , ,
Mr. Johnson announced before his' ,The ?oveor, w" als0 to have
departure from New York for Wash- delivered a brief address on the oc
ington. that he would keep Colored as!on ,rf dedlatInS , Ynjted
people informed of the progress of ZTtZ STwSteT He w
the bill and made public a letter "1B sPeecn w" u written. He was
from Moorfield . Store ex-presldent I the next speaker but one on the pro
of the American Bar Association and ram' J"" e"
now President of the N. A. A. C. ' i, ftlSI
P which savs in nart- .himself for his speech when friends
i.. nicn says m pan. j rushed to the hospital with news
'I want to congratulate you on that the Lieutenant Governor had
the result of the campaign. The de-! gone td the Mississippi Capitol from
feat of Dr. Layton and Mr. Parker. his h0lne clty of pjcken8 and had
is a very important contribution to!8tarted the pardon mill. On pre-
our cause, ior u win Bnow inai,Vious occasions the Governor had
where the Colored forces are united
they can defeat their enemies.
"I do not know what we may ex
pect in Washington, but we must
push, and with the presidential elec
tion before them, and their pres
ent low estate, I think the Republi
cans may feel that they cannot af
ford to alienate so large a body of
voters so much in earnest as the
Colored citizens of this country.
That certainly Is the idea which we
must bring home."
During the Senate fight on the
Dyer Bill, special bulletins will be
telegraphed the New YorkOfflceof
the N. A. A. C. P., by Mr. Johnson
and sent out as occasion warrants.
RIOTERS ARRAIGNED IN
Springfield. Ohio, Nov. 23.
Charges with rioting, thlrty-too Neg
roes were arraigned In police court
and their cases continued for hear
ing on Nov. 21. '
The charges grew out of the at
tack made ye.iterdny on policemen
stationed to guard teachers and pu
pils at Fulton School, Sft as'de by
the Board of Education for Negro
pupils exclusively. All Negro pupils
ln the city were to be sent to the
Bcliool under tLe order.
The Negroes claimed that the or
der was an attempt to "Jim Crow"
the school system here, anu threats
were made against teachers and par
ents who permitted their children to
attend the school. More than three
score Negroes gathered at the
school veftterdav ai'A heenn tnnntlnff I
the guards and the teachers. The
trouble grew until stones were
thrown, and the police were forced
to draw their gui and call reserves
to restore order.
This city has been the scene of
several serious race riots In oast
years, the last one bein gin 1920.
REVIEWS WORK OF NEGRO CA
By A. N. P.)
Toronto, Canada, Nov. 23. Jus
tice Rldell of the High Court of
Ontario ln an address last Thurs
day night ga-'e an Interesting re
view of Canadian history. In d well-
the territory since March, 1921, and
since the natives have no money,
they have been unable to avail them
selves of supplies coming by boat
from the Transvaal. Even this grain
has been held at the prohibitive
price of $2 per bushel..
As a result, large numbers of
people have been dying since last
April; the number will run Into
many thousands before the harvest
of April. 1923, says Mr. Pointer.
Then, if there is another crop fail
ure at this time as is not unlikely
according to experts it will be nec
essary to raise millions of dollars
for food If wholesale disaster is to
The Portuguese officials in In
hambane, Mr. Pointer reports, are
helping a little but nothing com-
Imensurate with the need and suffer
ing. The Boara of Foreign Mis
sions has sent from its headquarters,
150 Fifth Avenue, New York City,
enougn iunas 10 purcnase grain 10
keep the members of the Christian
communities alive until spring; it
has no funds available for more ex
denied himself the pleasure of at
tending outside celebrations ln his
desire to keep the prison population
up to a needed average.
This morning the Governor came'
to Memphis. The Lieutenant Gover
nor went to the Governor's oi'fice
at Jackson and undertook to as
sume the duties of ofiice. He called
for a batch of pardon blanks. The
Governor kept: the blanks. Wh-re
'upon Mr. Casteel started writing
pardons on the typewriter. The
Governor was hatily summoned, but
before contact was established the
Lieutenant Governor had pardoned
two Negro life convicts.
Jackson, Miss., Nov. 23.--Secre-retary
J. J. Coman, of the State
Prison Board tonight refused to
honor two pardons issued today to
Negvo life termers by Lieut. Gover
nor . H. H. Casteel. Actin Gover
nor of Mississippi In the f.bsence of
Governor was hastily summoned, but
Governor Lee M. Russell, who was
in Memphis attending a football
The Governor's Secretaiy, Macey
Dinkins, declared tonight that the
Lieutenant Governor calUd this
morning and asked him for pardon
blanks, which he refused to give
him. The acting E::jcutlve is then
said to have prepared some forms
and after having filled them ln he
presen'fld them to Secretary of State
J. W. Power for his signature Pow
er refused the requeLt until advised
by Attorney General Frank Robert
son that it was his duty to attest
them provided the Governor was out
of the State. Power then signed and
stat ped them with the seal of -.he
According to official circles at the
capltol, the legacy of the action of
he acting Executive will be deter-
mined In the courts.
ing upon the many parts played
therein by membeis of our group,
the Justice declared that Canada
could not forget how the Colored
pioneers hastened to her call during
the cuIous days of the Fenian
Raid In 1866.
The occasion was the 2nd An
nual Meeting of the Home Service
Association which is a charitable
organization - of our group, and a
member of the Federated Charities
of Canada. '
This Inhambane section of Afri
ca has for many years furnished
some 300,000 young men annually
for work in the mines around Joh
annesburg. When, the effects of the
famine were first felt, there was a
rush of men to the mines, but It
was necessary to turn away many
thousands. Many mines have been
working only part time owing to
Strikes and a number have been
flooded during the disorders and
cannot be operated for some months.
It is noticed also that the young
men are not returning from Johan
nesburg after a year or two in the
mines, as is their custom, but are
remaining until the famine is over.
The Board of Foreign Missions
has also received word from Dr.
J. C. Stauffacbnr, Missionary In In
hamtmne, thai "you can travel a
day's journey in any direction and
see several people dead or dying
from starvation by the roadside.
Last week on our farm at Kamblni
five were found dead before they
could reach us. A - little boy came
to me yesterday and wanted to sell
his little sister two sacks of corn
because he was Hungry." .
MISSOURI'S ONLY NE
GRO LEGISLATOR IS
St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 25. WaWhal
M. Moore, the only Negrowbo ever
sat In the State Legislature of Mis
souri, who was elected two years
ago in the Republican landslide, was
defeated for re-election in the Third
(St. Louis) Legislative District,
which, apparently has elected two
Democratic and two Republican leg
islators. This district 'was formerly the
Sixth, but in the redistricting was
changed to the Third.
Moore is an attorney and lives
at 3035 Pine Street. As a legl
lator he introduced and secured the
passage of a bill converting Lincoln
Institute into a university, with a
$500,000 appropriation; also a bill
creating a Negro inspector of Negro
schools. In the extra session he in
troduced an anti-lynching . bill. In
the Fifty-first Central Assembly he
was a member of the Committees
on Eleemosynary institutions, Teach
ers' College and Permanent Seat of
He was born at Marion. Ala.. May
1, 1881. He attended public schools
and Howard University at Washing
ton, D. C. He came to 8L Louis in
1896 and was married ln 1911. He
was a clerk ln the St. Louis post
office and later in the railway mall
service. While thus employed he
began the study of law and helped
to organize the first Incorporate
Negro steam laundry in Missouri.
WOMAN SUES INSURAEE
COMPANY TOR $12,000.
St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 25. A damage
suit for J12.000 to declare that Mrs.
Salona Scruggs, 3C09 Pine Street was
maliciously injured by the Tennessee
National Insurance Company and
the company's agent, R. R. Rucker.
white, 4466 Vista Street, was field
ln the Circuit Court by Attorney N.
A. Mitchell, retained by Mrs. Scruggs
the plaintiff's petition recites that
the injures she sustained when
Rucker cruelly 'asaulted her. July
27, resulted in her health . being
It is said that he kicked the wom
an several tunes In the stomach be
cause she objected to his familiarity
Off August 23, Rucker was brought
before Judge Charles Powers ln City
Coi'it No. 1 and f'.ned 25.00 and cost
According to a statement made by
Mrs. fcrug-rs, she was a policy hold
er of the Tennessee rational Insur
ance Company for ten years. Her
policy was cancelled, and she says
It was done because of Rucker's re-
NOTED U. S. LEADERS IN
VITED TO HAITI.
Washington. Nov. 23. Announce
ment was made at the state depart
ment that President Borno of Haiti
has Invited W. T. B. Williams tc
come to that country to Investigate
the possibilities of establishing in
Haiti vocational schools along the
line of the Tuskegee Institute. Dr.
Moton, head of the institute was
originally invited but waa unable
to accept, and recommended Wil
liams In his stead.
PresieK'.it Borno also Invited Rob
ert Church of Memphis to make an
Investigation in Haiti of a similar
nature with relation to business
and industrial conditions. The two
American Negroes thus honored by
;he Haitian government are expected
to leave for tiiat country 'n ihe
near future. .
U. S. OFFICIALS FIND
AS PEON ON GEORGIA FARM.
ILL E. CHURCH FUNDS IM
PROVE NEGRO SCHOOLS.
By A. N. P.)
Cincinnati, Ohio, Nov. 23. The
great advance movement In the Me
thodist Episcopal Church, by which
fifty millions of dollars have been
expanded In benevolent uplift of the
races of the world, has reached the
Negro ln America and is greatly ben
efiting him through the Board of
Education for the Negroes of that
The Annual Meeting of the Board
has just been held and Dr. I, Gar
land Penn, Cincinnati, Ohio, one of
the Corresponding Secretaries of the
Board, has issued "Seventeen Points
of Progress," showing what has
been accomplished In the past three
years for the education of the race.
These seventeen points of progress
turn the spot light upon an unusual
accomplishment .Involving an expen
diture of two mllllou dollars in new
buildings, endowment. advancing
teachers' salarinea and equipment.
The seventeen points of progress
are as follows:
1. Additional tealchers have been
chosen, and the salaries of the tea
chers have been Increased so that
the total annual salary budget
amounts to $200,000 as compared
with $100,000 five years ago. This
is raising the standards of alt the
schools because of the increased ef
ficiency of the teachers.
2. Every building of the nine
teen institutions has been repaired
and Improved. Some of them had
not received a coat of paint In years
because of inadequate funds.
3. Heating plants have been la
stalled at all of the institutions un
der the direction of the Board. Not
one smoky stove or fireplace re
mains. Comfort as well as greater
safety for life and property, has thus
been provided. . -
4. Large additions are being
provided for. science departments.
5. " A new property " valued at'
(300,000 at Merldan, Mississippi, has
been purchased and is, now known
as the Haven Institute and Conser
vatory of Music. This provides i
Conservatory of Music In the heart
of the Black Belt of Mlsslsslpp.
6. A new property valued at
$155,000 has been purchased at
Nashville, Tennessee, for Walden
College, formerly known as Walden
University. The buildings are being
remodeled at a cost of $20,000. This
will' make a larger and more suc
cessful Walden, and perpetuates the
first institution begun by the Freed
men's Aid Society, now the Board
of Education for Negroes. The future
of the school was never so bright,
7. Following the purchase of the
new property at Nashville for Wal
den, there was transferred to Me
harry Medical College all of the old
Walden University property adjoin
ing Meharry, valued at $100,000.
The Medical College will have all the
ground and additional buildings
needed for expansion In the future.
Extensive repairs and additions were
made for the opening of Meharry
8. The sum of $200,000 has
been contributed to the endowment
of Meharry Medical College, Nash
ville, Tennessee. The Geuaral Educ
tion Board and the Carnegie Cor
poration has given an additional
(Continued on page 8)
TWENTY PER CENT. OF WASHINGTON'S
LAUNDRY WORKERS ARE NEGROES.
Washington, D. C, Nov. 23.
With the advent of the steam laun
dry 40 years ago, began the grad
ual passing of 'ie picturesque Ne
gro washerwoman, arrayed in gl g
ham apro:., delivering the family
wash. For a century or more the
washing In certain sections of the
country was done by Colored poo
ple. The Department of Labrv,
through Phil H. Brown. Commission
er of Conciliation, Instituted a sur
vey to ascerUin to what extent Ne
groes were sill employed in the
laundry Industry. Washington, D. C.,'
was solected - as a typical city for I
thr Investigation, and the result In
dilates that 64.4 per cent of a tc-l
tal of 1,549 workers of both colon,)
and sexes, . engaged In the laundry
business In Washington, D. C, are
Negroes. This does not Include
Chinese and hand laundries; only
those plants employing machinery.
In Is per cent is based upon a total
of 551 white and 998 Colored work
ers, who are further divisible Into
268 white males, 223 Colored males,
282 white females, and 773 Colored
females, the Coored males and fe-
ma'?8 forming, respectively, 14.4
per cent and 50.0 per cejt of the
grand total of 1,549.
An analysis, by skill, of these
workers, after eliminating 196 un
classified workers, discloses th" fur
ther fact tha it takes 863 sClcd
w-iKers, as against 490 unsk.'U:d
workers, to conduct the plant laun
dry Industry of Washington, D. O.
Colored skilled workers, with a per
ctnt of 57.2 are performing th
WHITE WAN HELD
Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 23. The first
case on record ln which . a white
man is charged with holding a white
worker ln peonage, has been un
earthed In Fayettee County. Georgia.
The peon's name is Pony Thompson,
69 years old. He was discovered on
the farm of John Waller, who is
now being held In connection with
the murder of a mall carrier nam
ed Langston, who lived In Falrburn.
Detectives were seeking, e' ldence ln
connection with this slajlng when
they came across Thompson. At the
time of his arrest he was dressed In
ragged cut of overall. In telling his
story to the federal officials, he
said that he had been given no mon
ey with which to buy clothing. Af
ter listening to his story he was
brought to Atlanta before officials
where he related a story of eight .
years of alleged cruelties at the
hands of Waller.
Eight years ago he entered Into
an agreement with Waller by which
he waB to work the tatter's farm
on equal shares, according to his
story. The first year, he stated.
Waller seized the entire crop and .
refused to divide with him accord
ing to the terms of agreement. A
new agreement was made between
the two men at the expiration of the
first year In which Thompson was
to receive a salary for his work on
the farm, he stated, but all during
the ensuing seven years Thompson
claims he received not more than
$20 -in money from his employer.
In 1920 Thompson, claimed he
ran away from the farm and went
to Covington, Ga. His stay there
was short lived, he claimed, as Wal
ler is alleged to nave sworn out a
warrant charging him with a mis
demeanor, which was served on
him by the sheriff of Fayette county
and he was returned to Fayettevllle.
Upon his "agreement to resume work
on the Waller farm, Thompson de
clares, the charges against him were
, Once before, in 1918, he left the
farm but was overtaken by Waller
before he could get away from the
vicinity, and taken back. On this
occasion, as on others, Thompson
asserts that he was threatened with
physical violence by Waller if he
ran away again.
"When I ran' away from the farm
In '1920 Waller swore out a war--rant
charging me with breaking a
labor contract. I don't know Just
what the contract was about but he
claimed that I was bound to work
for him and could not leave ' his
services legally.After my arrest ln
Covington. I was returned to Fay
eltesvllle and Waller came to me
and told me If I would return to the
farm he would go on my bond.
"I do not know what ever be
came of the warrant against me
but at every session of court Wal
ler would come to me and tell me
that he was on my bond and if I left
him the sheriff would arrest me
and put me in jail. He did this for
more than two years. I was afraid
to leave htm again for fear that I
would be placed in jail."
Records ln the Fayette superior
court show that Thompson was ar
rested on charges of violating a
labor contract but at the subse
quent term of court the charges
As a matter of safeguarding
Thompson from any possible violence
government officials are holding him
under surveillance and under the
protection of the authorities at a
place which they refuse to divulge.
bulk of the skilled duties, and of
that per cent Colored female work
ers with a pv cent of 12.6. which
is practically equal to the entire
white Increment, male and female,
of 42.8 ' per r,., are performing
virtually r'ii;-!,lf of the entire Bklll- .
ed laund y work. Their mae co
workers account for the remaining
14.8 per cent of the sklled work.
Coming to the unskilled sroup of
490 workers, 73 white end 417
Colored, it is found that vhe lat
ter have a percentage of 85.1 as -against
14.9 for the forme'; and
that the Colored females with a per
cent of 74.1 ar, as befort-.y per-
forminr the grater part of al; .du
ties. Colored males have an I. elu
sion among the unskilled wotkers
of 11.0 per cent.
A further analysis was mad'., as
far as possible, of the actual oc
cupations of these workers, ar.d It
was found that they were prin
cipally distributed as follows:
Occupations W. O.
Engineers : H 6
Ironers".: 122 492
Office help 44 0
Assorters and markers 129 70
Drivers 117 58
Shakers 10 44
Shirt and collar girls ....12 " 57
Washers 17 108
All others . 89 164
Total 551 998
- "' ft'otes:
1. "Drivers" Includes collector
(Continue, on page 8).
' V. - . W?- -, ' " 'f
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